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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2550-2557, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492275

RESUMO

In this study, pulsed laser deposition method (PLD) was employed to grow MgxZn1-xO films on quartz substrates. The optimal deposition temperature of 300 °C for MgxZn1-xO film was decided and Mg0.38Zn0.62O, Mg0.56Zn0.44O and Mg0.69Zn0.31O films were grown respectively using MgxZn1-xO targets with different Mg contents (x = 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7). As-deposited Mg0.38Zn0.62O film possessed the mixed-phase (hexagonal and cubic phase) structure, appropriate band gap of 4.68 eV and smaller surface roughness of 1.72 nm, and the solar-blind photodetector (PD) based on it was fabricated. The key features of our PD are the cutoff wavelength of 265 nm lying in solar-blind band, lower dark current (Idark) of 88 pA, higher peak responsivity of 0.10 A/W and bigger Ilight/Idark ratio of 1688, which provide the new idea for the application of solar-blind PDs based on MgxZn1-xO films.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1790-1798, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492344

RESUMO

Tungsten oxide microflowers (WO3 MFs) were fabricated by a simple hydrothermal process through adjusting the pH of the solution by HCl. These MFs possess the outer diameters of about 2 µm and are composed of numerous nanoplates with the average pore size of 10.9 nm. Chemiresistive activity of as-fabricated WO3 MFs sensor was attempted towards oxidizing and reducing target gases, revealing a superior selectivity to NO2 with a maximum response of 22.95 (2 ppm NO2) @105 °C compared to other target gases. One of the key features of as-fabricatedWO3 MFs sensor is the lower detection limit of 125 ppb and operating temperature of 105 °C to NO2 with better reproducibility, signifying commercial prospective of the developed sensor materials. Finally, the gas sensing mechanism of WO3 MFs sensor has been proposed.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 383: 121142, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639610

RESUMO

Leather wastewater is one of the most polluting industrial emissions. The efficiency of wastewater remediation is limited by its complex composition. Herein, a novel strategy for designing modified gelatine with higher degree of quaternization (MG-2) is presented. The higher degree of quaternization allows sufficient adsorption of dyes in the tanning process. It is an in situ, environmentally friendly, and innovative strategy to limit dye emissions and can circumvent the subsequent waste management. Dyes such as Direct Purple N and Acid Black 24 could be adsorbed completely within 5 min by the MG-2 film formed from MG-2 solution. In addition, a remarkable efficiency in removing Acid Red 73, Golden Orange G, and Acid Orange II (>96.1% removal rates) was achieved within 30 min. The adsorption equilibrium data suggested that the adsorption capacity was positively correlated to the concentration of MG-2. When Acid Orange II and MG-2 were used in the industrial re-tanning process, the residual dye concentration in wastewater was only 23.1 mg L-1, indicating that MG-2 is a promising re-tanning agent for adsorbing dyes in the leather tanning process.

4.
Diagn Cytopathol ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Differentiating parathyroid from thyroid lesions can be difficult on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) due to overlapping cytomorphologic features. While the traditional parathyroid hormone (PTH) assays can help in the distinction, these tests may be cumbersome, particularly when the lesion is unexpected clinically and a needle wash is not collected at the time of FNA. Therefore, we chose to investigate the application of immunohistochemical staining (IHC) with GATA 3 and thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) on air-dried cytology smears to distinguish parathyroid and thyroid lesions. METHODS: Air-dried touch preparation (TP) slides were prepared from consecutively selected parathyroid and thyroid specimens. Thirteen FNA cases with the clinical concern for parathyroid lesions were also included in the study. IHC was performed on unstained and ultrafast Papanicolaou (UFP) stained air-dried slides. RESULTS: On TP slides, GATA 3 expression was observed in all cases of parathyroid origin but no immunoreactivity was present in thyroid lesions. TTF-1 expression was observed in all cases of thyroid origin but not in parathyroid lesions. GATA 3 and TTF-1 expression of 13 FNA cases were consistent with the clinical impression or concurrent PTH tests. CONCLUSIONS: IHC with GATA 3 and TTF-1 on air-dried cytology smears is a simple and effective way to differentiate parathyroid vs thyroid lesions on FNA. Air-dried unstained and UFP-stained slides perform equally well with IHC, but UFP-stained slides provide the added benefit of morphologic evaluation and assessment of smear cellularity prior to IHC.

5.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745748

RESUMO

Yellow drum (Nibea albiflora) is an important maricultural fish in China, and genetic improvement is necessary for this species. This research evaluated the application of genomic selection methods to predict the genetic values of seven economic traits for yellow drum. Using genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), we estimated the genetic parameters for seven traits, including body length (BL), swimming bladder index (SBI), swimming bladder weight (SBW), body thickness (BT), body height (BH), body length/body height ratio (LHR), and gonad weight index (GWI). The heritability estimates ranged from 0.309 to 0.843. We evaluated the prediction performance of various statistical methods, and no one method provided the highest predictive ability for all traits. We then evaluated and compared the use of genome-wide association study (GWAS)-informative SNPs and random SNPs for prediction and found that GWAS-informative SNPs obviously increased. It only needed 5 and 100 informative SNPs for LHR and BT to achieve almost the same predictive abilities as using genome-wide SNPs, and for BL, SBI, SBW, BH, and GWI, about 1000 to 3000 informative SNPs were needed to achieve whole-genome level predictive abilities. It can be concluded from the test results that breeders can use fewer SNPs to save the breeding costs of genomic selection for some traits.

6.
Sci Data ; 6(1): 281, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767847

RESUMO

'Zhongai 1' [(Pyrus ussuriensis × communis) × spp.] is an excellent pear dwarfing rootstock common in China. It is dwarf itself and has high dwarfing efficiency on most of main Pyrus cultivated species when used as inter-stock. Here we describe the draft genome sequences of 'Zhongai 1' which was assembled using PacBio long reads, Illumina short reads and Hi-C technology. We estimated the genome size is approximately 511.33 Mb by K-mer analysis and obtained a final genome of 510.59 Mb with a contig N50 size of 1.28 Mb. Next, 506.31 Mb (99.16%) of contigs were clustered into 17 chromosomes with a scaffold N50 size of 23.45 Mb. We further predicted 309.86 Mb (60.68%) of repetitive sequences and 43,120 protein-coding genes. The assembled genome will be a valuable resource and reference for future pear breeding, genetic improvement, and comparative genomics among related species. Moreover, it will help identify genes involved in dwarfism, early flowering, stress tolerance, and commercially desirable fruit characteristics.

7.
J Vis ; 19(13): 13, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747691

RESUMO

Although it is well established that feature-based attention (FBA) can enhance an attended feature, how it modulates unattended features remains less clear. Previous studies have generally supported either a graded profile as predicted by the feature-similarity gain model or a nonmonotonic profile predicted by the surround suppression model. To reconcile these different views, we systematically measured the attentional profile in three basic feature dimensions-orientation, motion direction, and spatial frequency. In three experiments, we instructed participants to detect a coherent feature signal against noise under attentional or neutral condition. Our results support a nonmonotonic hybrid model of attentional modulation consisting of feature-similarity gain and surround suppression for orientation and motion direction. For spatial frequency, we also found a similar nonmonotonic profile for higher frequencies than the attended frequency, but a lack of attentional modulation for lower frequencies than the attended frequency. The current findings can reconcile the discrepancies in the literature and suggest the hybrid model as a new framework for attentional modulation in feature space. In addition, a computational model incorporating known properties of spatial frequency channels and attentional modulations at the neural level reproduced the asymmetric attentional modulation, thus revealing a connection between surround suppression and the basic neural architecture of an early visual system.

8.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 520(3): 612-618, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: FUT8-mediated core fucosylation, which transfers a fucose residue from GDP-fucose to core-GlcNAc of the N-linked type glycoproteins, is crucial for signaling receptors function. Core fucosylation is involved in various biological processes such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation and immune regulation. Our previous studies demonstrated that inhibiting core fucosylation prevented renal interstitial fibrosis of UUO murine models, but its role in the development of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) remains unclear. This study aimed to clarify the protective effects and molecular mechanisms during the progress of DKD by inhibiting core fucosylation in vivo. METHODS: Core fucosylation was examined in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mouse model. Then a new Fut8 mutation mouse model in which exon 7 of Fut8 gene is deleted was constructed for diabetes induction. Metabolic and renal parameters were measured. Renal structure, fibrosis, and podocyte injury were assessed, and underlying mechanisms were investigated. RESULTS: The levels of fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, kidney-weight-to- body-weight (KW/BW) and urine albumin-to-creatinine (ACR) were increased at 16 weeks post injection. KW/BW and urine ACR were decreased significantly by inhibiting core fucosylation. The renal pathology, fibrosis, and podocyte injury were mitigated significantly by inhibiting core fucosylation. The protective effects of inhibiting core fucosylation were mediated by downregulated of the phosphorylation of Smad2/3 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that FUT8-based treatment might be a promising intervention strategy in therapeutic paradigm of DKD.

9.
Fungal Biol ; 123(11): 843-853, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627860

RESUMO

Color is an important quality attribute of fungi, and a useful marker for classification, genetic, and molecular research. However, there is much debate over which enzymes play key regulatory roles in pigment synthesis pathways among different fungi and even within the same species. Auricularia cornea is the most widely cultivated mushroom in the genus Auricularia; 1.834 million tons of this mushroom were produced in 2016 in China. Thus, systematic studies on its color inheritance and the genes encoding key enzymes for pigment synthesis have high scientific and economic value. In this study, the white strain ACW001 and the purple strain ACP004 of A. cornea were used as dikaryotic parents. Selfing populations of ACW001 and ACP004 were constructed with their monokaryotic strains. The fruiting body color of the two populations was consistent with that of their parents, confirming that the two parents were color homozygotes. All strains in the hybrid population of the two parents produced purple fruiting bodies. A robust hybrid strain (ACW001-33×ACP004-33) was selected from the hybrid population, and 87 monokaryotic strains of ACW001-33×ACP004-33 were obtained as a mapping population. Finally, a testcross population was constructed by crossing the mapping population with the test strain ACW001-9. The color genotype of each monokaryotic strain in the mapping population was identified by a fruiting test. The genomes of the two monokaryotic strains ACW001-33 and ACP004-33 were sequenced, and then simple sequence repeat (SSR) and sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) molecular marker primers were developed. Then, 88 pairs of primers that could distinguish the genotypes of the mapping population were used to construct a genetic linkage map. The genetic linkage map consisted of 12 linkage groups (LGs) spanning 1315.2 cM. The color control locus was preliminarily located at 24.5 cM of the 11th LG. Fine-mapping primers were designed based on sequence differences between ACW001-33 and ACP004-33 in the primary location region. Four color control candidate genes were located in an 8.2-kb region of ACW001-33_contig733 and a 9.2-kb region of ACP004-33_contig802. Homologous alignment and prediction of conserved domain analyses indicated that two of the color control candidate genes encoded proteins with unknown function, and the other two, ACP004_g11815 and ACP004_g11816, encoded glutamyl aminotransferases. These two genes were consecutively arranged on ACP004-33_contig802, and were likely to encode key enzymes in the γ-glutamine-4-hydroxy-benzoate (GHB) pigment synthesis pathway. Primers were designed from the flanking sequences of the two genes and used to analyze the testcross population. Products were amplified only from the 30 testcross strains with purple fruiting bodies, confirming the accuracy of the localization results. We discuss the deficiencies and advantages of map-based cloning in fungi vs. plants, and summarize the steps and requirements of the map-based cloning method for fungi. This study has provided novel ideas and methods for locating functional genes in fungi.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635373

RESUMO

This study explored the effects of information technology (IT) resources-in conjunction with IT infrastructure and organizational resources-on organizational capabilities and performance. The study further analyzed the mediating effect of organizational capabilities on the relationship between IT resources and organizational performance. A cross-sectional research design was adopted, and questionnaire copies were administered to senior care supervisors of Taiwanese day care centers, care institutions, and hospitals. In total, 328 valid questionnaire responses were obtained. The study results are summarized as follows: (1) A direct effect analysis revealed that IT infrastructure significantly affected service performance and financial performance; organizational resources significantly affected service performance but did not significantly affect financial performance. (2) A mediation model analysis indicated that organizational capabilities exerted a mediating effect on the relationship between IT resources and organizational performance. These results can serve as a reference for medical care organizations in developing strategies for reviewing internal IT resources, integrating internal and external capabilities, creating a competitive advantage, and boosting their performance.

11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(43): 21727-21731, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591243

RESUMO

Electronic-cigarettes (E-cigs) are marketed as a safe alternative to tobacco to deliver the stimulant nicotine, and their use is gaining in popularity, particularly among the younger population. We recently showed that mice exposed to short-term (12 wk) E-cig smoke (ECS) sustained extensive DNA damage in lungs, heart, and bladder mucosa and diminished DNA repair in lungs. Nicotine and its nitrosation product, nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone, cause the same deleterious effects in human lung epithelial and bladder urothelial cells. These findings raise the possibility that ECS is a lung and bladder carcinogen in addition to nicotine. Given the fact that E-cig use has become popular in the past decade, epidemiological data on the relationship between ECS and human cancer may not be known for a decade to come. In this study, the carcinogenicity of ECS was tested in mice. We found that mice exposed to ECS for 54 wk developed lung adenocarcinomas (9 of 40 mice, 22.5%) and bladder urothelial hyperplasia (23 of 40 mice, 57.5%). These lesions were extremely rare in mice exposed to vehicle control or filtered air. Current observations that ECS induces lung adenocarcinomas and bladder urothelial hyperplasia, combined with our previous findings that ECS induces DNA damage in the lungs and bladder and inhibits DNA repair in lung tissues, implicate ECS as a lung and potential bladder carcinogen in mice. While it is well established that tobacco smoke poses a huge threat to human health, whether ECS poses any threat to humans is not yet known and warrants careful investigation.

12.
BMJ Open ; 9(9): e023162, 2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501092

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Starting dialysis early or late both result in a low quality of life and a poor prognosis in patients undergoing haemodialysis. However, there remains no consensus on the optimal timing of dialysis initiation, mainly because of a lack of suitable methods to assess variations in dialysis initiation time. We have established a novel equation named DIFE (Dialysis Initiation based on Fuzzy-mathematics Equation) through a retrospective, multicentre clinical cohort study in China to determine the most suitable timing of dialysis initiation. The predictors of the DIFE include nine biochemical markers and clinical variables that together influence dialysis initiation. To externally validate the clinical accuracy of DIFE, we designed the assessment of DIFE (ADIFE) study as a prospective, open-label, multicentre, randomised controlled trial to assess the clinical outcomes among patients who initiate dialysis in an optimal start dialysis group and a late-start dialysis group, based on DIFE. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A total of 388 enrolled patients with end-stage renal disease will be randomised 1:1 to the optimal start dialysis group, with a DIFE value between 30 and 35, or the late-start dialysis group, with a DIFE value less than 30, using the Randomization and Trial Supply Management system. Participants will be assessed for changes in signs and symptoms, dialysis mode and parameters, biochemical and inflammatory markers, Subjective Global Assessment, Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form, Cognitive Assessment, medical costs, adverse events and concomitant medication at baseline, predialysis visiting stage and postdialysis visiting stage, every 12-24 weeks. The following data will be recorded on standardised online electronic case report forms. The primary endpoint is 3-year all-cause mortality. The secondary endpoints include non-fatal cerebrocardiovascular events, annual hospitalisation rate, quality of life, medical costs and haemodialysis related complications. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was obtained from the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University China (registration no: YJ-KY-2017-119) and the ethics committees of all participating centres. The final results of the ADIFE trial will be presented to the study sponsor, clinical researchers and the patient and public involvement reference group. Findings will be disseminated through peer-reviewed journals, Clinical Practice Guidelines and at scientific meetings. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrial.gov. Registry (NCT03385902); pre-results.

13.
Int Wound J ; 16(6): 1506-1512, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531950

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a serious disease in women. We estimated the global technical success rate and complication rates of percutaneous vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VABB). PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus databases were retrieved up to July 2018 to find studies in which technical success rate and complication rates of VABB were available. Pooled rates were calculated according to location mode (ultrasonography [US] or mammography) and needle type (8- or 11-gauge Mammotome probes). Of the 36 articles with 20 868 cases, we found the pooled technical success rate 0.9999(0.9997, 1.0000) (I2 = 17.1%, P = .187) and low complication risks including haematoma 0.1092(0.0748, 0.1437) (I2 = 98.3%, P < .001), pain 0.0738(0.0334, 0.1141) (I2 = 95.9%, P < .001), vasovagal reflex 0.0281(0.0035, 0.0527) (I2 = 92.5%, P < .001), and infection 0.0027(-0.0019, 0.0073) (I2 = 49.8%, P = .113). In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the pooled data suggested that VABB with US or mammography could be promising for diagnosis and treatment of breast disease. Further studies were necessary to identify strategies for these findings.

14.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513359

RESUMO

Alpinumisoflavone (AIF) as a principal active ingredient of traditional Chinese herb Derris eriocarpa exerts a broad spectrum of anticancer activities against solid tumors. However, little is known about the effect of AIF on papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Objectives of this study are to investigate the effect of AIF on cell growth, apoptosis, and metastasis of PTC cells and uncover its underlying mechanisms. Results showed that AIF treatment notably suppressed cell viability, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process, as well as induced apoptotic cell death. In addition, microarray analysis results revealed that miR-141-3p level was dramatically elevated upon AIF insulation, suggesting that miR-141-3p may mediate the suppressive role of AIF against PTC. Moreover, miR-141-3p knockdown effectively reversed the effects of AIF on cell growth, migration, invasion, and EMT, while promoted PTC cell apoptosis escape. Furthermore, in vivo findings also confirmed that the antigrowth and antimetastasis activities of AIF were, at least partly, mediated by upregulation of miR-141-3p. Overall, AIF could serve as a potential anticancer compound for PTC treatment. Anat Rec, 2019. © 2019 American Association for Anatomy.

15.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(15): 6911-6921, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the possibility of cotton waste enrichment with glycine betaine (GB) for production of two strains (P9, P10) of king oyster (Pleurotus eryngii). Cotton waste was used as (100%) control (T0 = cotton waste) and augmented with various combinations of GB, (T1 = 2 mmol L-1 , T2 = 4 mmol L-1 , T3 = 6 mmol L-1 , T4 = 8 mmol L-1 and T5 = 10 mmol L-1 ). The response of king oyster to GB was evaluated by earliness, yield, biological efficiency (BE), minerals (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), sodium (Na), calcium (Ca)), total sugars, total soluble solids, reducing sugars, non-reducing sugars, ascorbic acid, proximate (crude protein, carbohydrates, crude fibers, ash, fats) content of fruiting body and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analysis compared with the control substrate (cotton waste). RESULTS: The earliness, yield, and BE were higher as compared to control substrate and increased with an augmentation in the concentration of GB within the cotton waste. Two strains showed (on dry weight basis) 33.9-54.9 mg g-1 nitrogen, 6.8-12.5 mg g-1 phosphorus, 16.9-25.1 mg g-1 potassium, 40.5-64.2 mg kg-1 Zn, 17.1-37.3 mg kg-1 Cu, 1174-1325 mg kg-1 Mg, 20.1-29.1 mg kg-1 Mn, 129-265 mg kg-1 Fe, 779-835 mg kg-1 Ca), 6.3%-11.3% total sugars, 7.3-14.9 °Brix total soluble solids, 2.1-7.3% reducing sugars, 10.4-18.1% crude protein, 3.6-4.4% crude fiber and 5.6-16.7 mg (100 g)-1 on various concentration of GB enrich cotton waste. Cotton waste enriched with GB significantly affected nutritional profile of king oyster mushroom. CONCLUSION: The results revealed that GB enriched cotton waste can be used as an innovative substrate to enhance the yield and quality of king oyster mushroom. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Betaína/metabolismo , Meios de Cultura/metabolismo , Glicina/metabolismo , Gossypium/microbiologia , Pleurotus/química , Pleurotus/metabolismo , Resíduos/análise , Betaína/análise , Meios de Cultura/química , Glicina/análise , Gossypium/metabolismo , Minerais/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/análise , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Fósforo/análise , Fósforo/metabolismo , Pleurotus/genética , Pleurotus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
16.
CMAJ ; 191(33): E909-E915, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are a family of pain-related disorders associated with impaired function in the jaw, temporomandibular joint and muscles of mastication. Our objectives were to evaluate the association between chronic TMD and gastresophageal reflux disease (GERD) and to determine whether mental disorders or undermined sleep mediates this association. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study involving 1522 consecutive adult patients with chronic TMD and 1522 matched controls from 2 hospitals in China. All participants were aged between 18 and 70 years and were recruited from July 2017 to April 2018 Chronic TMD was diagnosed by trained dentists using the criteria in the Orofacial Pain Prospective Evaluation and Risk Assessment Study. Trained gastroenterologists made blinded diagnoses of GERD according to the Montreal definition and classification (at least 2 d of mild symptoms, or 1 d of moderate or severe symptoms per week). We used validated questionnaires to evaluate psychological status and sleep quality. RESULTS: Of the study participants, we identified 132 patients and 61 controls with GERD. Using conditional logistic regression analysis, we identified GERD as a risk factor for TMD (odds ratio 2.74, 95% confidence interval 1.88 to 3.98). Mediation analyses identified that somatization, anxiety and undermined sleep moderately mediated the relation between TMD and GERD. INTERPRETATION: Our study suggests that symptomatic GERD is associated with chronic, painful TMD, and somatization, anxiety and undermined sleep mediate this association to a certain extent. Due consideration should be given to the evaluation and management of gastrointestinal symptoms and mental disorders in the combined therapy for painful TMD.

17.
Phytochem Anal ; 30(6): 710-719, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264752

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The main active components in hawthorn leaves possess various biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and hypolipidemic effects. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an effective and reliable extraction method to extract these active compounds from hawthorn leaves. OBJECTIVE: To establish a simple, rapid, and sensitive method for extraction and determination of polyphenolic compounds from hawthorn leaves. METHODS: In this study, a microwave-assisted reaction and extraction (MARE) combined with ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detector method was established to extract and determine the polyphenolic compounds in hawthorn leaves. The solid reagent aqueous solutions were applied as extraction solvents, preventing the use of organic solvents. The target analytes were identified by quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. Several experimental parameters that can significantly affect the extraction efficiency were evaluated and optimised. RESULTS: The optimal conditions were as follows: 0.1 g of sodium carbonate was used as solid reagent, the amount of sodium borate was set at 0.01 g, extraction time was 10 min, extraction temperature was set at 50°C, pH value was adjusted to 7. The validation experiments demonstrated that the method had high sensitivity with the limits of detection in the range 26.5-37.7 ng/mL. The average recoveries ranged from 80.22% to 93.27%. CONCLUSION: In this work, the proposed MARE method was successfully applied to extract and determine polyphenolic compounds in hawthorn leaf samples. Compared with other reported methods, the present method was faster, greener, and more sensitive.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(32): 29078-29085, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334628

RESUMO

We report the fabrication of gallium oxide (GaOx) thin films by a novel polymer-assisted deposition (PAD) method. The influence and mechanism of postannealing temperature (200-800 °C) on the formation and properties of GaOx thin films are investigated by complementary characterization analyses. The results indicate that solution-deposited GaOx experiences the elimination of organic residuals as well as the transformation of amorphous GaOx to crystalline GaOx with the increase in annealing temperature. High-quality GaOx could be achieved with a smooth surface, wide band gap, and decent dielectric performance. Moreover, the solution-processed In2O3 thin-film transistors based on optimized GaOx dielectrics demonstrate outstanding electrical performance, including a low operating voltage of 5 V, a mobility of 3.09 cm2 V-1 s-1, an on/off current ratio of 1.8 × 105, and a subthreshold swing of 0.18 V dec-1. Our study suggests that GaOx achieved by PAD shows great potential for further low-cost and high-performance optoelectronic applications.

19.
Biomater Sci ; 7(8): 3404-3417, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31251311

RESUMO

For those patients with HER2-overexpressing breast cancer, treatment with PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) is inefficacious due to the intrinsic low sensitivity to doxorubicin. A very large increase in drug accumulation by active targeting may enhance the therapeutic efficacy of PLD. We established a humanized bispecific antibody (BsAb; mPEG × HER2) which has dual specificity for methoxy-polyethylene glycol (mPEG) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) to enhance the specificity, internalization and anticancer activity of PLD for cancer cells that overexpress HER2. One-step formulation of PLD with mPEG × HER2 converted the PLD into HER2 targeted liposomes that were stable at 4 °C in PBS as well as at 37 °C in the presence of serum. αHER2/PLD induced receptor-mediated endocytosis and enhanced doxorubicin accumulation in MCF7/HER2 (HER2-amplified) breast cancer cells. αHER2/PLD also displayed more than 200-fold increased cytotoxicity to MCF7/HER2 cells and 28-fold increased cytotoxicity to drug-resistant MDA-MB-361 cells with a physical deletion of the TOP2A gene. αHER2/PLD specifically accumulated doxorubicin in the nucleus of cancer cells in tumor-bearing mice and produced significantly greater antitumor activity against MCF7/HER2 (P < 0.0001) and MDA-MB-361 (P < 0.05) tumors as compared to untargeted PLD. Furthermore, the cardiotoxicity of αHER2/PLD was similar to that of PLD in human cardiomyocytes and in mice. Our results indicate that the one-step formulation of PLD by mPEG × HER2 is a simple method to confer tumor specificity, increase drug internalization and enhance the anticancer activity of PLD against HER2-overexpressing and doxorubicin-resistant breast cancer.

20.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 19(12): 8135-8142, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196336

RESUMO

Precisely controlled dimensions of heterostructured ZnO nanorod arrays were grown on micropatterned Au films supported by Si substrate using chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The field emission properties were attributed to pointed nanorods, thickness of catalyst, preferential growth, density, morphology of ZnO and Molybdenum (Mo) decorated ZnO nanorod arrays (Mo/ZnO). The selective restrained heterostructure approach resulted in excellent control over periodicity, location and density of ZnO nanorod arrays. Overall, field emission properties of bare ZnO nanorod arrays showed a low turn-on field of ~4.7 V/µm and a high field enhancement factor (ß) ~1686 to 7.3 V/µm and (ß) ~807 for Mo/ZnO. It was also found that the field emission properties were significantly influenced by densely decorated Mo nanoparticles on as-grown ZnO nanorod arrays.

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