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1.
Front Nutr ; 9: 1027641, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337612

RESUMO

The intestinal dysfunction induced by high plant protein diets is frequently observed in farmed fish, and probiotics of Bacillus genus were documented to benefit the intestinal health through the modulation of intestinal microbiota without clearness in its underlying mechanism yet. Fusobacteria, Proteobacteria, and Firmicutes were observed to be the dominate phyla, but their proportion differentiated in the intestinal bacterial community of Pengze crucian carp (Carassius auratus var. Pengze) fed different diets in this study. Dietary supplementation of B. cereus and B. subtilis could reshape the intestinal bacterial community altered by high plant protein diets through a notable reduction in opportunistic pathogen Aeromonas together with an increase in Romboutsia and/or Clostridium_sensu_stricto from Firmicutes. Due to the alteration in the composition of bacterial community, Pengze crucian carp exhibited characteristic ecological networks dominated by cooperative interactions. Nevertheless, the increase in Aeromonas intensified the competition within bacterial communities and reduced the number of specialists within ecological network, contributing to the microbial dysbiosis induced by high plant protein diets. Two probiotics diets promoted the cooperation within the intestinal bacterial community and increased the number of specialists preferred to module hubs, and then further improved the homeostasis of the intestinal microbiota. Microbial dysbiosis lead to microbial dysfunction, and microbial lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis was observed to be elevated in high plant protein diets due to the increase in Aeromonas, gram-negative microbe. Probiotics B. cereus and B. subtilis restored the microbial function by elevating their amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism together with the promotion in the synthesis of primary and secondary bile acids. These results suggested that dietary supplementation of probiotics B. cereus and B. subtilis could restore the homeostasis and functions of intestinal microbiota in Pengze crucian carp fed high plant protein diets.

2.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 992537, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419460

RESUMO

Job burnout is one of the most widespread mental problems in today's society and seriously affects the mental health and combat effectiveness of soldiers and officers. Herein, the effect of burnout on individual attention is studied from the perspective of neuroelectrophysiology. A total of 1,155 army soldiers and officers were included in this investigation and completed the Job Burnout Scale for Military Personnel. A total of 42 soldiers and officers were randomly selected from those with and without burnout to participate in an event-related potential (ERP) study using a visual oddball task. The characteristics of visual P3a and P3b at Fz, FCz, Cz, CPz, and Pz were recorded and analyzed by repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). P < 0.05 was the criterion for a significant difference. The total average score on the Job Burnout Scale for Military Personnel among the participants was 0.74 ± 0.46, and the detection rate of job burnout was 29.85%. In the Oddball task, the average number of target stimuli counted in the burnout group was lower than that in the control group, but no significant difference was found. For P3a, the Fz, FCz, Cz, CPz, and Pz amplitudes in the burnout group were significantly lower than those in the control group. The average amplitude of P3a evoked in the central parietal area was larger than that in the prefrontal area. For P3b, the amplitudes of the five electrodes in the burnout group were significantly lower than those in the control group. The average amplitude of P3b evoked in the parietal region was larger than those in the prefrontal and central parietal regions. A certain degree of job burnout is evident in army soldiers and officers. The voluntary attention and involuntary attention of individuals with burnout are both affected to some extent, as reflected by the lower amplitudes of P3a and P3b. The results suggest that P3a and P3b can be used as indicators to monitor cognitive neural function in soldiers and officers with burnout and can also be used as references for evaluating the effects of cognitive training and screening methods. In this study, ERP was used to research the attention ability of soldiers and officers with job burnout, and related issues were discussed from the aspects of the burnout results, behavioral results, ERP results, compensation effect of cognitive resources, application in the military field, limitations, and prospects.

3.
Epilepsia ; 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36196770

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cortical tremor/myoclonus is the hallmark feature of benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy (BAFME), the mechanism of which remains elusive. A hypothesis is that a defective control in the preexisting cerebellar-motor loop drives cortical tremor. Meanwhile, the basal ganglia system might also participate in BAFME. This study aimed to discover the structural basis of cortical tremor/myoclonus in BAFME. METHODS: Nineteen patients with BAFME type 1 (BAFME1) and 30 matched healthy controls underwent T1-weighted and diffusion tensor imaging scans. FreeSurfer and spatially unbiased infratentorial template (SUIT) toolboxes were utilized to assess the motor cortex and the cerebellum. Probabilistic tractography was generated for two fibers to test the hypothesis: the dentato-thalamo-(M1) (primary motor cortex) and globus pallidus internus (GPi)-thalamic projections. Average fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), mean diffusivity (MD), and radial diffusivity (RD) of each tract were extracted. RESULTS: Cerebellar atrophy and dentate nucleus alteration were observed in the patients. In addition, patients with BAFME1 exhibited reduced AD and FA in the left and right dentato-thalamo-M1 nondecussating fibers, respectively false discovery rate (FDR) correction q < .05. Cerebellar projections showed negative correlations with somatosensory-evoked potential P25-N33 amplitude and were independent of disease duration and medication. BAFME1 patients also had increased FA and decreased MD in the left GPi-thalamic projection. Higher FA and lower RD in the right GPi-thalamic projection were also observed (FDR q < .05). SIGNIFICANCE: The present findings support the hypothesis that the cerebello-thalamo-M1 loop might be the structural basis of cortical tremor in BAFME1. The basal ganglia system also participates in BAFME1 and probably serves a regulatory role.

4.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 1853002, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36277973

RESUMO

Objectives: Schizophrenia (SCZ) is associated with disrupted functional brain connectivity, and antipsychotic medications are the primary and most commonly used treatment for schizophrenia. However, not all patients respond to antipsychotic medications. Methods: The study is aimed at investigating whether the graph-theory-based degree centrality (DC), derived from resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI), can predict the treatment outcomes. rs-fMRI data from 38 SCZ patients were collected and compared with findings from 38 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HCs). The patients were treated with antipsychotic medications for 16 weeks before undergoing a second rs-fMRI scan. DC data were processed using DPABI and SPM12 software. Results: SCZ patients at baseline showed increased DC in the frontal and temporal gyrus, anterior cingulate cortex, and precuneus and reduced DC in bilateral subcortical gray matter structures. However, those abnormalities showed a clear renormalization after antipsychotic medication treatments. Support vector machine analysis using leave-one-out cross-validation achieved a correct classification rate of 84.2% (sensitivity 78.9%, specificity 89.5%, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) 0.925) for differentiating effective subjects from ineffective subjects. Brain areas that contributed most to the classification model were mainly located within the bilateral putamen, left inferior frontal gyrus, left middle occipital cortex, bilateral middle frontal gyrus, left cerebellum, left medial frontal gyrus, left inferior temporal gyrus, and left angular. Furthermore, the DC change within the bilateral putamen is negatively correlated with the symptom improvements after treatment. Conclusions: Our study confirmed that graph-theory-based measures, combined with machine-learning algorithms, can provide crucial insights into pathophysiological mechanisms and the effectiveness of antipsychotic medications.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico , Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Mapeamento Encefálico , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado de Máquina
5.
Front Psychol ; 13: 937876, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36300057

RESUMO

A criminal act can be regarded as an irrational decision-making process. Therefore, understanding differences in the criminal decision-making process would shed light on criminal behavior. We utilized dual processing theory to propose that offenders' differences in decision-making may cause them to adopt non-adaptive behaviors, such as high reference point setting, abnormal reward-punishment sensitivity, delayed discounting rate, and decision-making style. Our study compares differences in these indicators between offenders (n = 518) and non-offenders (n = 636) in a diverse sample of Chinese adults. The results showed that compared with non-offenders, offenders had higher relative deprivation, reward sensitivity, and delayed discounting rates but lower punishment sensitivity and vigilance in decision-making. A logistic regression analysis also shows that the above factors were significant predictive indicators for the commission of crimes.

6.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 10: goac056, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36263393

RESUMO

Background: The feasibility of spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (SPDP) to treat well-differentiated non-functioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NF-pNETs) located at the body and/or tail of the pancreas remains controversial. Distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (DPS) has been widely applied in the treatment of NF-pNETs; however, it may increase the post-operative morbidities. This study aimed to evaluate whether SPDP is inferior to DPS in post-operative outcomes and survivals when being used to treat patients with NF-pNETs in our institute. Methods: Clinicopathological features of patients with NF-pNETs who underwent curative SPDP or DPS at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (Guangzhou, China) between January 2010 and January 2022 were collected. Short-term outcomes and 5-year survivals were compared between patients undergoing SPDP and those undergoing DPS. Results: Sixty-three patients (SPDP, 27; DPS, 36) with well-differentiated NF-pNETs were enrolled. All patients had grade 1/2 tumors. After identifying patients with T1-T2 NF-pNETs (SPDP, 27; DPS, 15), there was no disparity between the SPDP and DPS groups except for tumor size (median, 1.4 vs 2.6 cm, P = 0.001). There were no differences in operation time (median, 250 vs 295 min, P = 0.478), intraoperative blood loss (median, 50 vs 100 mL, P = 0.145), post-operative major complications (3.7% vs 13.3%, P = 0.287), clinically relevant post-operative pancreatic fistula (22.2% vs 6.7%, P = 0.390), or post-operative hospital stays (median, 9 vs 9 days, P = 0.750) between the SPDP and DPS groups. Kaplan-Meier curve showed no significant differences in the 5-year overall survival rate (100% vs 100%, log-rank P > 0.999) or recurrence-free survival (100% vs 100%, log-rank P > 0.999) between patients with T1-T2 NF-pNETs undergoing SPDP and those undergoing DPS. Conclusions: In patients with T1-T2 well-differentiated NF-pNETs, SPDP could achieve comparable post-operative outcomes and prognosis compared with DPS.

7.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 971105, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147981

RESUMO

Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to reduce the severity of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) and induce beneficial functional and structural alternations of the brain in schizophrenia patients with AVH. The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) as an important component of the ventral striatum is implicated with the pathology in AVH. However, the induced characteristic patterns of NAcc by low-frequency rTMS in schizophrenia with AVH are seldom explored. We investigated the functional and structural characteristic patterns of NAcc by using seed-based functional connectivity (FC) analysis and gray matter volume (GMV) measurement in schizophrenia patients with AVH during 1 Hz rTMS treatment. Although low-frequency rTMS treatment did not affect the volumetric changes of NAcc, the abnormal FC patterns of NAcc, including increased FC of NAcc with the temporal lobes and decreased FC of NAcc with the frontal cortices in the pretreatment patients compared to healthy controls, were normalized or reversed after treatment. These FC changes were associated with improvements in clinical symptoms and neurocognitive functions. Our findings may extend our understanding of the NAcc in the pathology of schizophrenia with AVH and might be a biomarker of clinical effect for low-frequency rTMS treatment in schizophrenia.

8.
Technol Health Care ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Grip force estimation is highly required in realizing flexible and accurate prosthetic control. OBJECTIVE: This study presents a method to accurately estimate continuous grip force from surface electromyography (sEMG) under three forearm postures for unilateral amputees. METHODS: Ten able-bodied subjects and a transradial amputee were recruited. sEMG signals were recorded from six forearm muscles on the dominant side of each able-bodied subject and the stump of amputee. Meanwhile, grip force was synchronously measured from the ipsilateral hands of able-bodied subjects and contralateral hand of amputee. Three force profiles (triangle, trapezoid, and fast triangle) were tested under three forearm postures (supination, neutral and pronation). Two algorithms (Generalized Regression Neural Network (GRNN) and Multilinear Regression Model (MLR)) were compared using several EMG features. The estimation performance was evaluated by coefficient of determination (R2) and mean absolute error (MAE). RESULTS: The optimal regressor combining TD and GRNN achieved R2= 96.33 ± 1.13% and MAE= 2.11 ± 0.52% for the intact subjects, and R2= 86.86% and MAE= 2.13% for the amputee. The results indicated that multiple grip force curves under three forearm postures could be accurately estimated for unilateral amputees using mirrored bilateral training. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed method has the potential for precise force control of prosthetic hands.

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 9(32): e2203150, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109192

RESUMO

Owing to magic charge storage behavior, an electret can exhibit an external electrostatic field, which is widely used in numerous domains such as electronics, energy, healthcare, and environment. However, the theory of the charge storage mechanism still needs further development to enhance the performance and stability of the electret. Herein, a stable charge storage model known as the heterocharge-synergy model (HSM) in electrets is proposed and verified, and the electrostatic field superposition effect of electrets is also proved. Based on the HSM and superposition effect, the stable electrostatic field intensity (average of ≈22.49 kV cm-1 and maximum of ≈29.58 kV cm-1 , which is close to the minimum air breakdown field intensity of ≈30 kV cm-1 ) of the composite electret film is multiplied by simple layer-by-layer stacking. Utilizing the multilayer composite electret films and designing a two-sided electrostatic induction structure, a two-sided bipolar single-electrode non-contact nanogenerator is constructed with transferred charge density up to ≈132.61 µC m-2 , which is twice as large as that of the non-contact nanogenerators with one-sided electrostatic induction structure. Clearing and utilizing the charge behaviors of the electret can boost the performance and enhance the stability of electret-based devices in various domains.


Assuntos
Eletricidade Estática
10.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36001206

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRs) are regulators of number of cellular process. miRs enclosed within exosomes can be crucial regulators of intercellular signalling and could be an important biomarker of various age-associated disorders. Role of exosomal enclosed miRs in osteoarthritis (OA) chondrocytes and synovial fibroblasts (SFBs) remains poorly studied. Here, we profiled and studied the effect of synovial fluid-derived exosomal miRs on inflammation, survival, proliferation of chondrocyte in correlation with cartilage degeneration. Exosomes were isolated from synovial fluid collected from OA subjects and were analysed by transmission electron microscopy. miRs were isolated and were submitted to microarray profiling. Web-based PCR analysis was done. Chondrocyte proliferation and colony formation assay were performed. Apoptosis study was done by flow cytometer. Gene expression was done by qRT-PCR analysis and protein expression by western blot assay. Rat model of OA was created by operating the knee by anterior cruciate ligament and resection of medial menisci (ACLT + MMx) method. Micro-CT analysis, histological analysis, immunohistochemical staining, and TUNEL assay were also performed. About 17 miRs were found to be expressed differentially in the synovial fluid collected from the control and OA subjects. Microarray analysis confirmed, expression of miR-214-3p was significantly downregulated in the synovial fluid exosome of OA subjects. miR-214-3p mimic promoted proliferation of chondrocyte and suppressed apoptosis. Treatment also inhibited the levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6. SFB-miR-214-3p exosomes suppressed apoptosis and also inflammation in chondrocytes. In vivo study suggested that SFB-exosomal miR-214-3p from rats suppressed the formation of osteophytes, prevented degeneration of cartilage and exerted anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effect in articular cartilage tissue. The findings suggested that SFB-miR-214-3p exosomes can ameliorate chondrocyte inflammation and degeneration of cartilage tissues. The study confirms therapeutic potential of SFB-miR-214-3p exosomes in treating OA.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35873636

RESUMO

Jieduan-Niwan (JDNW) formula is a traditional Chinese medicine compound created by the famous Chinese medicine expert Professor Qian Ying, and has been used clinically for decades to treat acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and exhibits remarkable efficacy. However, the exact mechanism remains to be discovered. As an important hepatocyte damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMP) factor, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a potential therapeutic target as an accelerator of ACLF in the pathogenesis. Therefore, the present study investigated whether JDNW inhibits the overexpression and cytoplasmic translocation of HMGB1 in ACLF liver tissue and alleviates its mediated oxidative stress and apoptosis. In vivo, an immune-induced ACLF rat model was established, and then treated with JDNW for 5, 10, and 15 d. The results showed that a large number of cytoplasmic translocations of HMGB1 occurred in the ACLF group. And there was an increase in the expression of HMGB1 in the M-5 d group. After the intervention of JDNW, the overexpression and translocation of HMGB1 were inhibited. In vitro, D-GaLN caused an increase in the expression and translocation of HMGB1 in L02 cells. Similar to the inhibitor of HMGB1, JDNW serum alleviated this kind of increase. Further tests showed that JDNW attenuated ACLF-related oxidative stress and apoptosis, and the inhibition was associated with the regulation of TLR-4/NF-κB signaling pathway. In conclusion, our present findings suggest that the therapeutic effect of JDNW on ACLF was associated with the inhibition of high expression and cytoplasmic translocation of HMGB1 during the acute injury phase, thus, attenuating oxidative stress injury and apoptosis induced by HMGB1/TLR-4/NF-κB pathway.

12.
Mol Med ; 28(1): 71, 2022 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complete healing of diabetic wounds continues to be a clinically unmet need. Although robust therapies such as stem cell therapy and growth factor treatment are clinically applied, these treatments are costly for most diabetic wound patients. Therefore, a cheaper alternative is needed. Cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) has recently been demonstrated to promote tissue regeneration. In this study, the therapeutic benefits of CoPP in diabetic wound healing were examined. METHODS: An in vitro wound healing model that mimics re-epithelialization was established to examine the effect of CoPP on the migratory capability of human keratinocytes (HaCaT) in either normal glucose (NG) or high glucose (HG) media, as well as in the presence of either H2O2 or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). At the end of the migration assays, cells were collected and subjected to Western blotting analysis and immunostaining. RESULTS: HaCaT were found to migrate significantly more slowly in the HG media compared to the NG media. CoPP treatment was found to enhance cell migration in HG media, but was found to decrease cell migration and proliferation when HaCaT were cultured in NG media. CoPP treatment induced high levels of expression of Nrf-2/HO-1 and FoxO1 in HaCaT cultured in either glucose concentration, although the FoxO1 expression was found to be significantly higher in HaCaT that underwent the migration assay in NG media compared to those in HG media. The higher level of FoxO1 expression seen in CoPP-treated HaCaT cultured in NG media resulted in upregulation of CCL20 and downregulation of TGFß1. In contrast, HaCaT migrated in HG media were found to have high levels of expression of TGFß1, and low levels of expression of CCL20. Interestingly, in the presence of H2O2, CoPP-pretreated HaCaT cultured in either NG or HG media had similar expression level of Nrf-2/HO-1 and FoxO1 to each other. Moreover, the anti-apoptotic effect of CoPP pretreatment was noticed in HaCaT cultured in either glucose concentration. Additionally, CoPP pretreatment was shown to promote tight junction formation in HaCaT suffering from LPS-induced damage. CONCLUSIONS: CoPP enhances cell migratory capacity under hyperglycemic conditions, and protects cells from oxidative and LPS-induced cellular damage in HG media containing either H2O2 or LPS.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Lipopolissacarídeos , Movimento Celular , Glucose/metabolismo , Glucose/farmacologia , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Queratinócitos , Protoporfirinas
13.
Nat Sci Sleep ; 14: 791-803, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35497645

RESUMO

Background: Large individual differences exist in sleep deprivation (SD) induced sustained attention deterioration. Several brain imaging studies have suggested that the activities within frontal-parietal network, cortico-thalamic connections, and inter-hemispheric connectivity might underlie the neural correlates of vulnerability/resistance to SD. However, those traditional approaches are based on average estimates of differences at the group level. Currently, a neuroimaging marker that can reliably predict this vulnerability at the individual level is lacking. Methods: Efficient transfer of information relies on the integrity of white matter (WM) tracts in the human brain, we therefore applied machine learning approach to investigate whether the WM diffusion metrics can predict vulnerability to SD. Forty-nine participants completed the psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) both after resting wakefulness (RW) and after 24 h of sleep deprivation (SD). The number of PVT lapse (reaction time > 500 ms) was calculated for both RW condition and SD condition and participants were categorized as vulnerable (24 participants) or resistant (25 participants) to SD according to the change in the number of PVT lapses between the two conditions. Diffusion tensor imaging were acquired to extract four multitype WM features at a regional level: fractional anisotropy, mean diffusivity, axial diffusivity, and radial diffusivity. A linear support vector machine (LSVM) learning approach using leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV) was performed to assess the discriminative power of WM features in SD-vulnerable and SD-resistant participants. Results: LSVM analysis achieved a correct classification rate of 83.67% (sensitivity: 87.50%; specificity: 80.00%; and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve: 0.85) for differentiating SD-vulnerable from SD-resistant participants. WM fiber tracts that contributed most to the classification model were primarily commissural pathways (superior longitudinal fasciculus), projection pathways (posterior corona radiata, anterior limb of internal capsule) and association pathways (body and genu of corpus callosum). Furthermore, we found a significantly negative correlation between changes in PVT lapses and the LSVM decision value. Conclusion: These findings suggest that WM fibers connecting (1) regions within frontal-parietal attention network, (2) the thalamus to the prefrontal cortex, and (3) the left and right hemispheres contributed the most to classification accuracy.

14.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 775780, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35360020

RESUMO

While earlier studies reported no relevant effect of the HeartMate 3 (HM3) artificial pulse (AP) on bulk pump washout, its effect on regions with prolonged residence times remains unexplored. Using numerical simulations, we compared pump washout in the HM3 with and without AP with a focus on the clearance of the last 5% of the pump volume. Results were examined in terms of flush-volume (V f , number of times the pump was flushed with new blood) to probe the effect of the AP independent of changing flow rate. Irrespective of the flow condition, the HM3 washout scaled linearly with flush volume up to 70% washout and slowed down for the last 30%. Flush volumes needed to washout 95% of the pump were comparable with and without the AP (1.3-1.4 V f ), while 99% washout required 2.1-2.2 V f with the AP vs. 2.5 V f without the AP. The AP enhanced washout of the bend relief and near-wall regions. It also transiently shifted or eliminated stagnation regions and led to rapid wall shear stress fluctuations below the rotor and in the secondary flow path. Our results suggest potential benefits of the AP for clearance of fluid regions that might elicit in-pump thrombosis and provide possible mechanistic rationale behind clinical data showing very low rate of in-pump thrombosis with the HM3. Further optimization of the AP sequence is warranted to balance washout efficacy while limiting blood damage.

15.
Front Psychol ; 13: 830555, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35391972

RESUMO

Many studies have shown that about three biological motions (BMs) can be maintained in working memory. However, no study has yet analyzed the difficulties of experiment materials used, which partially affect the ecological validity of the experiment results. We use the perspective of system anatomy to decompose BM, and thoroughly explore the influencing factors of difficulties of BMs, including presentation duration, joints to execute motions, limbs to execute motions, type of articulation interference tasks, and number of joints and planes involved in the BM. We apply the change detection paradigm supplemented by the articulation interference task to measure the BM working memory capacity (WMC) of participants. Findings show the following: the shorter the presentation duration, the less participants remembered; the more their wrist moved, the less accurate their memory was; repeating verbs provided better results than did repeating numerals to suppress verbal encoding; the more complex the BM, the less participants remembered; and whether the action was executed by the handed limbs did not affect the WMC. These results indicate that there are many factors that can be used to adjust BM memory load. These factors can help sports psychology professionals to better evaluate the difficulty of BMs, and can also partially explain the differences in estimations of BM WMC in previous studies.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35235514

RESUMO

Synergetic recovery of both somatosensory and motor functions is highly desired by limb amputees to fully regain their lost limb abilities. The commercially available prostheses can restore the lost motor function in amputees but lack intuitive sensory feedback. The previous studies showed that electrical stimulation on the arm stump would be a promising approach to induce sensory information into the nervous system, enabling the possibility of realizing sensory feedback in limb prostheses. However, there are currently limited studies on the effective evaluation of the sensations evoked by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). In this paper, a multichannel TENS platform was developed and the different stimulus patterns were designed to evoke stable finger sensations for a transradial amputee. Electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded simultaneously during TENS on the arm stump, which was utilized to evaluate the evoked sensations. The experimental results revealed that different types of sensations on three phantom fingers could be stably evoked for the amputee by properly selecting TENS patterns. The analysis of the event-related potential (ERP) of EEG recordings further confirmed the evoked sensations, and ERP latencies and curve characteristics for different phantom fingers showed significant differences. This work may provide insight for an in-depth understanding of how somatosensation could be restored in limb amputees and offer technical support for the applications of non-invasive sensory feedback systems.


Assuntos
Amputados , Membros Artificiais , Membro Fantasma , Dedos/fisiologia , Humanos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sensação
17.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2022: 4570926, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35154824

RESUMO

Cancer survivors suffer a higher risk of coronary artery atherosclerosis (CAA). Whether cancer patients had increased baseline CAA burden prior to cardiotoxic therapy remains unclear. We conducted a case-control study, and 286 consecutive patients were finally included. Among these patients, 181 had newly diagnosed cancer and 105 had nonmalignant diseases. Cancer was confirmed by biopsy. The severity of CAA was determined by coronary angiography and evaluated using the percentage of stenosis or Gensini scoring (GS). Patients with cancer versus cancer-free controls were older (OR = 1.052, 95% CI: 1.021-1.084, p < 0.001), more commonly male (OR = 0.048, 95% CI: 1.004-2.676, p=0.048), and more severely exposed to smoking (OR = 1.020, 95% CI: 1.007-1.033, p=0.003). Cancer patients were significantly more commonly complicated by ≥90% coronary stenosis than the gender- and age-matched cancer-free controls (9/93 versus 1/93, OR = 4.875, 95% CI: 1.024-23.213, p=0.047). After adjustment for age, gender, hypertension, diabetes, smoking history, blood glucose, and total cholesterol, cancer was significantly associated with high GS (adjusted OR = 2.208, 95% CI: 1.077-4.524, p=0.031). Our study demonstrated that cancer patients had increased CAA burden prior to cardiotoxic therapy. Further study is necessary to investigate the link between CAA and cancer.

18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 377-386, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989522

RESUMO

The main stream of the Three Gorges Reservoir area in Wanzhou and its tributary (the Pengxi River) were selected as a survey area to monitor the CO2 concentration. Twelve related indicators were selected during the blooming period from April to September 2019, which were divided into Climate factors, Water environment factors, Carbon source factors, Nutrient factors, and Sediment factors. These factors were considered for further discussion of the impact pathways and contribution to CO2 flux. The average CO2 fluxes of Gaoyang (the Pengxi River), Huangshi (the Pengxi River), and Wanzhou (the main stream) were (1.445±1.739), (3.118±2.963), and (2.899±1.144) mmol·(m2·h)-1, respectively, showing that Gaoyang < Wanzhou < Huangshi. The CO2 flux of tributary showed a large variation, while the main stream had a relatively small variation, which is a stable "source" of CO2. The main stream of the Yangtze River, as a hub for the transportation of biomass from land to sea, has higher carbon concentration and higher flow rate than its tributaries, which makes the CO2 flux of the main stream usually larger than that of the tributary. However, the difference in hydrological conditions result in spatial differences in CO2 flux at different points of the same tributary. Gaoyang is located in the reservoir bay, which is conducive to the growth of phytoplankton and the CO2 flux is lower; Huangshi is located in a river with a faster flow rate. The backwater support and backflow of the main stream make the CO2 flux significantly greater than that at Wanzhou. The effects of various indicators on the CO2 flux are also markedly different in the tributary and main stream. Temperature (T), DO, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) have significant effects on CO2 fluxes in the tributary, while NH4+-N has a significant impact on CO2 fluxes in the main stream. Nutrient factors and carbon source factors contribute 32.37% and 27.25%, respectively, to CO2 flux, accounting for more than half of the total, followed by climate factors, water environment factors, and sediment factors, which contribute 18.81%, 13.49%, and 8.08%, respectively. Reservoir CO2 emission control can focus on controlling the eutrophication and carbon sources; phenomena such as global warming and sedimentation will also have a certain impact on the CO2 emission of reservoirs.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Monitoramento Ambiental , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , China , Estações do Ano , Água
19.
Behav Brain Res ; 417: 113586, 2022 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536430

RESUMO

The cerebellum plays an important role in cognitive functions through connecting with the cerebral cortical areas. However, the relationship between the resting-state functional connectivity (FC) pattern of human cerebro-cerebellar circuits and cognition is not fully understood. The present study investigated the FC patterns of human cerebro-cerebellar circuits and their associations with verbal working memory performance (an n-back task with three subtasks: 0-back, 1-back, and 2-back) through resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from 34 healthy subjects. The whole-brain connectivity analysis was used to identify the cortical hubs as regions of interest (ROI). Then ROI-based FC analysis was performed to investigate the connectivity characteristics within the key cortical hubs and their associations with n-back task performance. The results showed that the bilateral cerebellum lobule VI as central hubs had increased FC with the default mode network (DMN) node (e.g., right posterior cingulate cortex) and salient network (SN) node (e.g., right anterior cingulate cortex), while decreased FC with the executive control network (ECN) node (e.g., the bilateral superior frontal gyrus). Furthermore, FC values of the cerebellum lobule VI with DMN and ECN nodes correlated with verbal working memory performance (response time of 2-back task). The results suggest that the cerebro-cerebellar circuits involve the underlying neural basis of verbal working memory processing during the resting state.


Assuntos
Cerebelo/fisiologia , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Adulto , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Rede de Modo Padrão/fisiologia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Tempo de Reação , Aprendizagem Verbal/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2021: 791-794, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34891409

RESUMO

Multi-channel Electroencephalograph (EEG) signal is an important source of neural information for motor imagery (MI) limb movement intent decoding. The decoded MI movement intent often serve as potential control input for brain-computer interface (BCI) based rehabilitation robots. However, the presence of multiple dynamic artifacts in EEG signal leads to serious processing challenge that affects the BCI system in practical settings. Hence, this study propose a hybrid approach based on Low-rank spatiotemporal filtering technique for concurrent elimination of multiple EEG artifacts. Afterwards, a convolutional neural network based deep learning model (ConvNet-DL) that extracts neural information from the cleaned EEG signal for MI tasks decoding was built. The proposed method was studied in comparison with existing artifact removal methods using EEG signals of transhumeral amputees who performed five different MI tasks. Remarkably, the proposed method led to significant improvements in MI task decoding accuracy for the ConvNet-DL model in the range of 8.00~13.98%, while up to 14.38% increment was recorded in terms of the MCC: Mathew correlation coefficients at p<0.05. Also, a signal to error ratio of more than 11 dB was recorded by the proposed method.Clinical Relevance- This study showed that a combination of the proposed hybrid EEG artifact removal method and ConvNet-DL can significantly improve the decoding accuracy of MI upper limb movement tasks. Our findings may provide potential control input for BCI rehabilitation robotic systems.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Algoritmos , Artefatos , Eletroencefalografia , Imaginação
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