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1.
Food Chem ; 321: 126707, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244134

RESUMO

Mealiness is one of the most important textural failure of apple fruit and four patterns of mealiness involving five apple cultivars were identified as the rapid, moderate, slow and none, requiring 3, 7, 14, 49 days at 25 °C, respectively. In comparison with the non-mealy 'Fuji' apple, parenchyma cells of mealy apples became detached and remained intact. Highly methyl-esterified homogalacturonan was strongly immunolabeled in the cell wall of slow and non-mealy apples. The mobility of water was enhanced in the cell wall during mealiness. Principal components analysis of FTIR spectra discriminated the cell wall materials (CWM) based on the mealiness progress. Heavy loss of CWM and its water-insoluble fractions but limited increase of water-soluble fractions, and the increase of crystalline micelles of CWM were closely associated with the mealiness progress. Overall, the occurrence of mealiness might attribute to structural, physical and biochemical modifications of CWM during tissue senescence.

2.
Oncol Rep ; 43(6): 1863-1874, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236588

RESUMO

Lung cancer has one of the highest mortalities of any cancer worldwide. Triptolide (TP) is a promising tumor suppressor extracted from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii. Our previous proteomics analysis revealed that TP significantly interfered with the ribosome biogenesis pathway; however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to determine the molecular mechanism of TP's anticancer effect by investigating the association between ribosomal stress and p53 activation. It was found that TP induces nucleolar disintegration together with RNA polymerase I (Pol I) and upstream binding factor (UBF) translocation. TP interrupted ribosomal (r)RNA synthesis through inhibition of RNA Pol I and UBF transcriptional activation. TP treatment increased the binding of ribosomal protein L23 (RPL23) to mouse double minute 2 protein (MDM2), resulting in p53 being released from MDM2 and stabilized. Activation of p53 induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by enhancing the activation of p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis, caspase 9 and caspase 3, and suppressing BCL2. In vivo experiments showed that TP significantly reduced xenograft tumor size and increased mouse body weight. Immunohistochemical assays confirmed that TP significantly increased the p53 level and induced nucleolus disintegration, during which nucleolin distribution moved from the nucleolus to the nucleoplasm, and RPL23 clustered at the edge of the cell membrane. Therefore, it was proposed that TP induces ribosomal stress, which leads to nucleolus disintegration, and inhibition of rRNA transcription and synthesis, resulting in increased binding of RPL23 with MDM2. Consequently, p53 is activated, which induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest.

3.
Virology ; 545: 1-9, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174453

RESUMO

The emergence of resistant mutants to the wildly used neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) makes the development of novel drugs necessary. Favipiravir (T-705) is one of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) inhibitors developed in recent years. To examine the efficacy of T-705 against influenza B virus infections in vivo, C57BL/6 mice infected with wild-type or oseltamivir-resistant influenza B/Memphis/20/96 viruses were treated with T-705. Starting 2 h post inoculation (hpi), T-705 was orally administered to mice BID at dosages of 50, 150, or 300 mg/kg/day for 5 days. Oseltamivir was used as control. Here, we showed that T-705 protected mice from lethal infection in a dose-dependent manner. T-705 administration also significantly reduced viral loads and suppressed pulmonary pathology. In addition, phenotypic assays demonstrated that no T-705-resistant viruses emerged after T-705 treatment. In conclusion, T-705 can be effective to protect mice from lethal infection with both wild-type and oseltamivir-resistant influenza B viruses.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167906

RESUMO

The advent of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) techniques opens up new opportunities for studying the cell-specific changes in the transcriptomic data. An important research problem related with scRNA-seq data analysis is to identify cell subpopulations with distinct functions. However, the expression profiles of individual cells are usually measured over tens of thousands of genes, and it remains a difficult problem to effectively cluster the cells based on the high-dimensional profiles. An additional challenge of performing the analysis is that, the scRNA-seq data are often noisy and sometimes extremely sparse due to technical limitations and sampling deficiencies. In this paper, we propose a biclustering-based framework called DivBiclust that effectively identifies the cell subpopulations based on the high-dimensional noisy scRNA-seq data. Compared with nine state-of-the-art methods, DivBiclust excels in identifying cell subpopulations with high accuracy as evidenced by our experiments on ten real scRNA-seq datasets with different size and diverse dropout rates. The supplemental materials of DivBiclust, including the source codes, data, and a supplementary document, are available at https://www.github.com/Qiong-Fang/DivBiclust.

5.
Cancer Nurs ; 43(2): E105-E112, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Self-management plays an important role in improving quality of life among patients with breast cancer. Self-management behaviors change with treatment periods, and the trajectory varies in patients with different demographic and psychosocial characteristics. However, the trajectory patterns and the predictive factors have not been fully studied. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the trajectory patterns of self-management behaviors in Chinese patients with breast cancer and their predictive factors. METHODS: A total of 128 patients with breast cancer were recruited. Demographic and disease-related information, self-management behaviors, self-efficacy, coping modes, emotional distress, and social support were investigated across 5 time points. Growth mixture modeling was used to identify the trajectory patterns of self-management behaviors. Logistic regression was used to determine the predictors for membership. RESULTS: The best-fit growth mixture modeling revealed a 2-class model; model fit indices were all in acceptable ranges. Class 1 and 2 were named as the group of "stable" (34.38%) and the group of "sharply decreased" (65.62%), respectively, based on the tendency of change. Modified radical mastectomy, avoidance coping mode, anxiety, and low self-efficacy level were predictors of the patients' membership to the sharply decreased group. CONCLUSION: Our study proved the heterogeneity of self-management behaviors and the influencing effect of treatment and psychosocial factors on the development of self-management behaviors in Chinese patients with breast cancer. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Health professionals should pay more attention to patients who are at higher risk of developing a poor self-management pattern. Targeted interventions should be developed across subpopulations and treatment periods accordingly.

6.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 181(1): 51-55, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is an allergic inflammation of the nasal airways, and chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. It can be induced by infection, allergy, or autoimmune problems. Diagnosis of these two diseases is made primarily based on clinical symptoms, allergen test, and imaging. The allergen test is invasive and expensive. The imaging test is harmful to children. Measurement of nasal nitric oxide (NNO) was noninvasive, without radiation, and inexpensive. This study was to evaluate the clinical significance of NNO in preschool children with nasal inflammatory diseases. METHODS: A total of 55 cases of allergic rhinitis, including 35 mild cases and 20 moderate to severe cases, and 33 cases of chronic rhinosinusitis, including 18 mild cases and 15 moderate to severe cases were selected as the experimental group. Fifty healthy preschool children were chosen as the control group. The levels of NNO in all children were measured. The differences in the levels of NNO among allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinosinusitis, and the control group were compared. The levels of NNO in the control group were also analyzed. RESULTS: The levels of NNO were significantly higher in preschool children with allergic rhinitis than in the control group, and the differences were significant. However, the levels of NNO in preschool children with chronic rhinosinusitis were lower than in the control group. In the control group, the levels of NNO were not significantly different between genders, and no significant correlation between NNO levels and the children's height was found. CONCLUSION: As a noninvasive method for detecting nasal inflammatory diseases, measuring the levels of NNO had a high clinical significance in preschool children.


Assuntos
Testes Respiratórios/métodos , Óxido Nítrico/análise , Rinite Alérgica/diagnóstico , Rinite/diagnóstico , Sinusite/diagnóstico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Expiração , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
7.
Microbiol Res ; 230: 126343, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539852

RESUMO

Identifying the direct target genes of response regulators (RRs) of a bacterial two-component system (TCS) is critical to understand the roles of TCS in bacterial environmental adaption and pathogenesis. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is an important respiratory bacterial pathogen that causes considerable economic losses to swine industry worldwide. The targets of A. pleuropneumoniae NarP (nitrate/nitrite RR), which is the cognate RR of the nitrate/nitrite sensor histidine kinase NarQ, are still unknown. In the present study, a DNA-affinity-purified sequencing (DAP-Seq) approach was established. The upstream regions of a total of 131 candidate genes from the genome of A. pleuropneumoniae were co-purified with the activated NarP protein. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) results confirmed the interactions of NarP with the promoter regions of five selected target genes, including dmsA, pgaA, ftpA, cstA and ushA. The EMSA-confirmed target genes were significantly up-regulated in the narP-deleted mutant in the presence of additional nitrate, whilst the transcriptional changes were restored in the complemented strain. The NarP binding motif in the upstream regions of the target genes dmsA and ftpA were further identified and confirmed by EMSA using the truncated binding motif. The NarP binding sites were present in a total of 25.2% of the DNA fragments captured by DAP-Seq. These results demonstrated that the established DAP-Seq method is effective for exploring the direct targets of RRs of bacterial TCSs and that the A. pleuropneumoniae NarP could be a repressor in response to nitrate.


Assuntos
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Ensaio de Desvio de Mobilidade Eletroforética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Nitratos/metabolismo , Nitritos/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Quinases/genética , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo
8.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 8(1): 1501-1510, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631782

RESUMO

As one of many nonstructural proteins of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), nonstructural protein 12 (Nsp12) has received relatively little attention, and its role in virus replication, if any, is essentially unknown. By the application of reverse genetic manipulation of an infectious PRRSV clone, the current study is the first to demonstrate that Nsp12 is a key component of PRRSV replication. In addition, the biochemical properties of Nsp12 were evaluated, revealing that Nsp12 forms dimers when exposed to oxidative conditions. Furthermore, we systemically analyzed the function of Nsp12 in PRRSV RNA synthesis using a strand-specific PCR method. To our surprise, Nsp12 was not found to be involved in minus-strand genomic RNA (-gRNA) synthesis; importantly, our results indicate that Nsp12 is involved in the synthesis of both plus- and minus-strand subgenomic mRNAs (+sgmRNA and -sgmRNA). Finally, we found that the combination of cysteine 35 and cysteine 79 in Nsp12 is required for sgmRNA synthesis. To our knowledge, we are the first to report the biological role of Nsp12 in the PRRSV lifecycle, and we conclude that Nsp12 is involved in the synthesis of both + sgRNA and -sgRNA.


Assuntos
Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Viral/genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Animais , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/virologia , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Suínos , Transcrição Genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Replicação Viral
9.
J Breast Cancer ; 22(3): 399-411, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598340

RESUMO

Purpose: This study was aimed at identifying the influence of initial weight and weight change during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) on pathologic complete response (pCR) and long-term survival in Chinese patients with operable breast cancer. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study using data from 409 female patients who received NAC for stage II or III breast cancer and had complete record of body mass index (BMI) before and after NAC. BMI of < 25 kg/m2 was categorized as normal weight/underweight (NW/UW); 25.0-29.9 kg/m2 was categorized as overweight (OW); ≥30 kg/m2 was categorized as obese (OB). BMI change was defined as the difference in BMI between day 1 of the first cycle of NAC and the day before surgery. A BMI gain or loss of > 2 kg/m2 following NAC was considered to be significant, else was considered stable. The study end points included pCR rates, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS). Results: The median follow-up time was 43.2 (8.9-93.6) months. The average BMI was 23.40 ± 3.04 kg/m2 before NAC and 23.66 ± 3.02 kg/m2 after NAC (t = -3.604, p < 0.001). The pCR rate was 25.3% in the NW/UW group and 24.1% in the OW/OB group (p = 0.811), and was similar between the BMI-gain (23.3%) and the BMI-stable/loss (25.1%) groups (p = 0.787). Initial BMI was an independent prognostic factor for DFS (hazard ratio, 1.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-2.53; p = 0.011) but not for OS, while BMI-gain was an independent prognostic factor for both DFS (hazard ratio, 2.09; 95% CI, 1.28-3.42; p = 0.003) and OS (hazard ratio, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.04-3.74; p = 0.039). Conclusion: BMI increased after NAC in Chinese breast cancer patients. Initial BMI and BMI change during NAC were not associated with pCR but were reversely associated with survival.

10.
J Adv Nurs ; 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016759

RESUMO

AIMS: To identify unobserved body composition patterns among Chinese women with breast diseases using latent class analysis (LCA) and to examine the relationship between body composition patterns and breast cancer (BC) risk. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Female patients (N = 1816) with breast diseases were included in the study from April 2016 - March 2017. Body composition measures were done by the bioelectrical impedance analysis. The LCA models were estimated using Mplus 8.1. RESULTS: Four latent classes were identified based on water, protein, minerals and body fat mass: Class 1 - Low Muscle Mass class; Class 2 - High Body Composition class; Class 3 - High Fat class; and Class 4 - Normal Body Composition Class. Classes 2 and 3 are higher risk classes for developing BC compared with the other two classes (p < 0.05). Overall, age is positively associated with the odds of BC development (p < 0.001). However, age effect depends on the body composition patterns. Age effect on the odds of BC was statistically significant only for women who had least body fat mass (Class 1, OR = 1.110, 95% C.I.: 1.084-1.136) or had normal body composition (Class 4, OR = 1.090, 95% C.I.: 1.036-1.147). The effect of age was not statistically significant if women had higher risk body composition (e.g., in Classes 2 or 3). CONCLUSION: Latent Class Analysis is a useful person-centred analytical approach for identification of unobserved patterns of body composition and it could be used to predict the risk of BC and develop personalized interventions for body composition studies.

11.
Med Sci Monit ; 24: 5988-5995, 2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30152448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Weight gain is a common side effect observed in breast cancer (BC) patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy, although the characteristics and mechanism are not been fully understood. This study aimed to investigate percent body fat (%BF) change, and identify the associated risk factors among Chinese women receiving chemotherapy for BC. MATERIAL AND METHODS A prospective longitudinal study was conducted on a cohort of 140 Chinese female patients with BC between June 2016 and October 2017. Data on demographic and clinical features were collected using a standard protocol. Anthropometric parameters including body weight and %BF were measured before and after chemotherapy. Multiple logistic analysis was performed to identify the risk factors for %BF change. RESULTS A total of 52.9% and 58.6% of the 140 patients experienced gains in weight and %BF after chemotherapy, respectively, with mean increases of 2.1±1.9 kg and 1.3±2.2%, respectively. Fifty-eight patients gained %BF over 2.5% of the baseline value. Moreover, premenopausal women had a greater mean %BF gain than postmenopausal women (P=0.018). Logistic analysis showed that premenopausal status, younger age, multi-agent chemotherapy regimen, high-calorie diet, and decreased physical activity were independent variables that inducted %BF gain. CONCLUSIONS %BF gain occurred frequently in Chinese women after adjuvant chemotherapy for BC, especially in premenopausal women. An effort should be made to the management of %BF.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Antropometria/métodos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Índice de Massa Corporal , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , China , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ganho de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(30): e11692, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30045325

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC), obesity, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) shared a common mechanism of dysregulated metabolism and inflammatory response in disease initiation. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is associated with adverse survival of BC patients. The aim of this study is to identify risk effect between NLR and BC in Chinese population with or without obesity and MetS. BC and age-matched breast benign disease (BBD) patients were retrospectively analyzed from Comprehensive Breast Health Center, Shanghai Ruijin Hospital. MetS was defined using AHA/NHLBI criteria. Individuals were classified into very low (0-1.30), low (1.31-1.67), intermediate (1.68-2.20), and high (>2.20) NLR subsets by each NLR quartile. In all, 1540 BC and 1540 BBD patients were included. Univariate and multivariate analysis found that NLR (OR: 1.27, 95% CI: 1.16-1.39, P < .001) and obesity (OR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.00-1.42, P = .046) but not MetS (P = .060) were significantly associated with increased BC risk. Intermediate or high NLR substantially increased BC risk compared to very low NLR group (OR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.29-1.92, P < .001; OR: 1.84, 95% CI: 1.50-2.25, P < .001; respectively) in whole population. Subgroup analysis found that the impact of higher NLR on BC risk was more obvious in patients without obesity (intermediate NLR, OR: 1.72, 95% CI: 1.37-2.16, P < .001; high NLR, OR: 1.92, 95% CI: 1.53-2.41, P < .001) or without MetS (intermediate NLR, OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.35-2.14, P < .001; high NLR, OR: 1.98, 95% CI: 1.57-2.51, P < .001). Higher preoperative NLR was found in BC patients compared with BBD patients. Intermediate to high NLR level substantially increased BC risk, which was more relevant for those without obesity or MetS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Linfócitos/fisiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Neutrófilos/fisiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Menopausa , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Front Immunol ; 9: 1063, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29868022

RESUMO

Streptococcus suis is an emerging zoonotic pathogen causing streptococcal toxic shock like syndrome (STSLS), meningitis, septicemia, and even sudden death in human and pigs. Serious septicemia indicates this bacterium can evade the host complement surveillance. In our previous study, a functionally unknown protein SntA of S. suis has been identified as a heme-binding protein, and contributes to virulence in pigs. SntA can interact with the host antioxidant protein AOP2 and consequently inhibit its antioxidant activity. In the present study, SntA is identified as a cell wall anchored protein that functions as an important player in S. suis complement evasion. The C3 deposition and membrane attack complex (MAC) formation on the surface of sntA-deleted mutant strain ΔsntA are demonstrated to be significantly higher than the parental strain SC-19 and the complementary strain CΔsntA. The abilities of anti-phagocytosis, survival in blood, and in vivo colonization of ΔsntA are obviously reduced. SntA can interact with C1q and inhibit hemolytic activity via the classical pathway. Complement activation assays reveal that SntA can also directly activate classical and lectin pathways, resulting in complement consumption. These two complement evasion strategies may be crucial for the pathogenesis of this zoonotic pathogen. Concerning that SntA is a bifunctional 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 2'-phosphodiesterase/3'-nucleotidase in many species of Gram-positive bacteria, these complement evasion strategies may have common biological significance.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Ativação do Complemento/imunologia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Streptococcus suis/imunologia , Zoonoses/imunologia , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Complemento C1q/imunologia , Complemento C3/imunologia , Complexo de Ataque à Membrana do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Complexo de Ataque à Membrana do Sistema Complemento/metabolismo , Feminino , Hemólise/imunologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Infecções Estreptocócicas/microbiologia , Streptococcus suis/genética , Suínos , Virulência , Zoonoses/microbiologia
14.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 17(1): 303, 2017 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28899348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is predominantly transmitted through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). To date, it remains unclear whether the method of parturition affects MTCT of HBV. In order to clarify whether cesarean section, when compared with vaginal delivery, could reduce the risk of MTCT of HBV in China, we conducted this meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed of the PubMed (Medline), Embase, ISI Web of Science, China Biological Medicine Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals databases for articles written in English or Chinese through July 2015.The reference lists of relevant articles were also scrutinized for additional papers. Randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, or case-control studies investigating the effect of delivery mode on MTCT of HBV were included. RESULTS: This analysis involved 28 articles containing 30 datasets. The data encompassed 9906 participants. The MTCT rate of HBV was 6.76% (670 of 9906) overall, with individual rates of 4.37% (223 of 5105) for mothers who underwent cesarean section and 9.31% (447 of 4801) for those who underwent vaginal delivery. The summary relative risk (RR) was 0.51 (95%CI: 0.44-0.60, P < 0.001), indicating a statistically significant decrease in HBV vertical transmission via cesarean section compared with vaginal delivery. The heterogeneity among studies was moderate with an I 2 of29.3%.Publication bias was not detected by the Egger's and Begg's tests, and the funnel plot was symmetric. In the subgroup analyses, maternal hepatitis B e antigen status and follow-up time did not affect the significance of the results, but hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) administration to mother and infant did. CONCLUSIONS: Cesarean section could reduce the risk of MTCT of HBV in comparison to vaginal delivery in China. However, owing to several limitations of our meta-analysis, future well-designed randomized controlled trials with adequate statistical power, might be a more appropriate next step.


Assuntos
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatite B/transmissão , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/estatística & dados numéricos , China , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez
15.
Biomed Eng Online ; 16(1): 84, 2017 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28651592

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The drainage portion of the vein of Labbé varies, and it is difficult to predict whether the operation is likely to damage this vein. The aim of this study was to correlate the microanatomy of the vein of Labbé with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and computed tomographic venography (CTV), in order to provide a basis for the preservation of the vein of Labbé during a supratentorial surgical approach. METHODS: A total of 30 human cadavers (60 sides) and 61 living patients (110 sides) were examined in this study. Each cadaver head was injected with blue latex via the superior sagittal sinus and the internal jugular veins. The venograms of each patient were obtained from the venous phases of DSA (60 sides for 36 patients) or CTV (50 sides for 25 patients). RESULTS: The patients were divided into four subgroups based on the location where a vein entered the dural sinus: the transverse sinus group, the tentorial group, the petrosal group, and the upper-transverse sinus group. The veins of Labbé in transverse sinus group and petrosal group directly entered dural sinus. The veins of Labbé in tentorial group and upper-transverse sinus group indirectly entered transverse sinus via the tentorium sinus or the upper-transverse sinus. These sinuses were meningeal veins running through two layers of the cerebral dura mater. The length of meningeal veins in these groups was 10.0 ± 7.2 mm. The veins of Labbé were mainly localized around the STP junction, which was the confluence of sigmoid sinus, transverse sinus, and superior petrosal sinus. The distance between the dural entrance of veins and the STP junction was 16.8 ± 10.2 mm. There was no significant difference in the results of the DSA and CTV examinations when compared to the observations in cadavers. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative venograms are useful to design an individualized surgical approach for the preservation of the vein of Labbé. In general, the supratentorial median approach has the least chance to damage this vein. However, when preoperative venograms show that the vein of Labbé is too close to the confluence of sinuses or the meningeal veins are too long, an alternative approach should be chosen.


Assuntos
Angiografia Digital , Flebografia , Veias/anatomia & histologia , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Autopsia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Veias/patologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Brain Dev ; 39(4): 321-326, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27823946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics and etiology of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) in Chinese children. METHODS: We collected ten pediatric MERS patients from local hospital and enrolled another nineteen patients by reviewing the available literatures. The information of enrolled patients about clinical features, laboratory data, treatment strategies and prognoses were collected for further analysis. RESULTS: A total of 29 children, the median age of twenty-nine patients was (4.09±3.64) years old. The male-to-female ratio was 1.42:1.0. The major cause of MERS was viral infection. 18 patients had consciousness disturbance which was the most prominent syndrome. 18 patients had transient seizures and only one needed anticonvulsant treatment for long. 9 patients were observed serum sodium levels <135mEq/L. The cells and protein of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) were increased in 3 patients. In all patients, brain MRI evaluation revealed typical lesion in splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC). 5 patients had additional lesions involving the periventricular white matter or bilateral centrum semiovale diagnosed. 3 patients were treated with antivirus treatment because of virus infection. 7 patients received corticosteroid. 2 patients received intravenous IVIG. As a result, all patients had fully recovered without neurological residual. CONCLUSIONS: The result of present study suggests that Chinese children with MERS might have favorable prognosis, although there is still no guideline for treatment.


Assuntos
Corpo Caloso/diagnóstico por imagem , Encefalite/diagnóstico por imagem , Pré-Escolar , Encefalite/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Encefalite/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Virus Res ; 225: 33-39, 2016 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27619840

RESUMO

Currently, pseudorabies virus (PRV) variant strains are outbreaking in China; these variants belong to genotype II PRV. The traditional Bartha-K61 vaccine has failed to provide complete protection against the emergent variant strains. Therefore, rapid attenuation of current epidemic strains is needed for effective PRV control. In this study, we report a rapid method for editing the PRV genome using the CRISPR-Cas9 system. We developed a triple gE/gI/TK gene-inactivated HeN1 PRV strain, because mice were more susceptible to PRV infection, we then evaluated the attenuation of PRV in the mice and demonstrated that modified PRV was fully attenuated. Furthermore, the attenuated strain also induced immune protection in response to a parental PRV challenge. Overall, we showed that PRVs can be rapidly attenuated using CRISPR-Cas9 technology, which will be critical for PRV control, especially when new variant PRV strains emerge.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/genética , Vacinas contra Pseudorraiva/genética , Vacinas Atenuadas/genética , Animais , Feminino , Edição de Genes , Marcação de Genes , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/imunologia , Camundongos , Vacinas contra Pseudorraiva/imunologia , RNA Guia , Deleção de Sequência , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia , Células Vero , Replicação Viral
18.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 477(4): 927-931, 2016 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27378424

RESUMO

The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes a persistent threat to the swine industry, especially when highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) emerges. Previous studies have indicated that PRRSV RNA synthesis was correlated with HP-PRRSV virulence. PRRSV RNA synthesis includes genomic RNA and sub-genomic mRNA, and these processes require minus-strand RNA as a template. However, the mechanisms involved in PRRSV minus-strand RNA synthesis are not fully understood. A mini-genome system can be used to assess viral replication mechanisms and to evaluate the effects of potential antiviral drugs on viral replicase activities. In this study, we developed a mini-genome system that uses firefly luciferase as a reporter. Based on this system, we found that PRRSV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase nsp9 alone failed to activate virus minus-strand RNA synthesis. We also demonstrated that combinations of open reading frames 1a (ORF1a) and ORF1b are necessary for viral minus-strand RNA synthesis.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Fases de Leitura Aberta/genética , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/genética , RNA Viral/genética , Elongação da Transcrição Genética/fisiologia , Ativação Viral/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Mapeamento Cromossômico/métodos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Suínos
19.
Viruses ; 8(4): 90, 2016 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27043610

RESUMO

A Pseudorabies virus (PRV) variant has emerged in China since 2011 that is not protected by commercial vaccines, and has not been well studied. The PRV genome is large and difficult to manipulate, but it is feasible to use clustered, regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 technology. However, identification of single guide RNA (sgRNA) through screening is critical to the CRISPR/Cas9 system, and is traditionally time and labor intensive, and not suitable for rapid and high throughput screening of effective PRV sgRNAs. In this study, we developed a recombinant PRV strain expressing firefly luciferase and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) as a reporter virus for PRV-specific sgRNA screens and rapid evaluation of antiviral compounds. Luciferase activity was apparent as soon as 4 h after infection and was stably expressed through 10 passages. In a proof of the principle screen, we were able to identify several PRV specific sgRNAs and confirmed that they inhibited PRV replication using traditional methods. Using the reporter virus, we also identified PRV variants lacking US3, US2, and US9 gene function, and showed anti-PRV activity for chloroquine. Our results suggest that the reporter PRV strain will be a useful tool for basic virology studies, and for developing PRV control and prevention measures.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Luciferases de Vaga-Lume/genética , RNA Guia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Ordem dos Genes , Genes Reporter , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/genética , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Sci Rep ; 5: 17913, 2015 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26639214

RESUMO

The management of posttraumatic vascular injury that presents after 8 h, or "ultra-time vascular injury", is daunting, and inciting recognition of this injury is vital. We retrospectively analyzed 29 patients with ultra-time vascular injuries to determine the patients' demographic characteristics and identify the determinants for amputation and disability. The age distribution of the high-risk population was from 18 years to 40 years, which indicated that these patients had plenty of productive life remaining. Injuries to the lower limbs (79.31%) were over four times more common than injuries to the upper limbs (17.24%), and open and blunt injuries occurred most commonly. The overall rate of limb salvage was 82.76% (24/29) and limb function is excellent in 45.83% (11/24) of the patients. The remaining patients experienced different degrees of disability in their limbs, which was determined by the anatomic location of the injury, and the presence of a combined arterial and venous injury, nerve injury, and complex soft tissue injury, as well as the occurrence of compartment syndrome. Hence, we recommend limb-salvage treatment for patients with traumatic ultra-time vascular injuries, particularly for those aged between 18 years and 40 years. Furthermore, we encourage the development of limb-salvage techniques for ultra-time vascular injuries.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Mão/etiologia , Traumatismos da Perna/etiologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Adulto , Amputação , Demografia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão
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