Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 206
Filtrar
1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(18): 22556-22570, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify if AngII/NOX/ROS/MAPK signaling pathway is involved in Doxorubicin (DOX)-induced myocardial injury and if mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could enhance the protective effects of valsartan (Val) on attenuating DOX-induced injury in vitro. METHODS: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and the protein expression of AT1R, NOX2, NOX4, caspase-3, caspase-9 and MAPK signaling were assessed in H9c2 cardiomyocytes exposed to DOX for 24 h in the absence or presence of Val, NADPH oxidase inhibitor DPI or knockdown and overexpression of NADPH oxidase subunit: NOX2 and NOX4, co-culture with MSCs, respectively. Finally, MTT assay was used to determine the cell viability of H9c2 cells, MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and A549 pulmonary cancer cells under Val, DOX and Val+ DOX treatments. RESULTS: DOX increased ROS formation and upregulated proteins expression of AT1R, NOX2, NOX4, caspase-3, caspase-9 and MAPK signaling including p-p38, p-JNK, p-ERK in H9c2 cells. These effects could be attenuated by Val, DPI, NOX2 siRNA and NOX4 siRNA. Meanwhile, overexpression of NOX2 and NOX4 could significantly increase DOX-induced ROS formation and further upregulate apoptotic protein expressions and protein expressions of MAPK signaling. MSCs on top of Val further enhanced the protective effects of Val on reducing the DOX-induced ROS formation and downregulating the expression of apoptotic proteins and MAPK signaling as compared with Val alone in DOX-treated H9c2 cells. Simultaneous Val and DOX treatment did not affect cell viability of DOX-treated MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells or A549 pulmonary cancer cells but significantly improved cell viability of DOX-treated H9c2 cardiomyocytes. CONCLUSIONS: AT1R/NOX/ROS/MAPK signaling pathway is involved in DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. Val treatment significantly attenuated DOX-induced cardiotoxicity, without affecting the anti-tumor effect of DOX. MSCs enhance the protective effects of Val on reducing the DOX-induced toxicity in H9c2 cells.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112096, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563951

RESUMO

Nucleosome assembly protein 1-like 1 (NAP1L1) is significantly involved in the development of various cancers. However, its role in the molecular mechanism of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains undetermined. In this study, we detected the upregulated expression of NAP1L1 mRNA and protein levels by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis in NPC cell lines. Results of the immunohistochemistry analysis of NPC tissue biopsies showed that upregulated NAP1L1 protein expression promoted NPC progression and negatively correlated with poor prognosis in NPC patients. Suppression of NAP1L1 expression by small interfering RNA (siRNA) or small hairpin RNA (shRNA) methods significantly decreased cell proliferation in vivo and in vitro. Mechanism analysis revealed that the regulation of cell growth was enriched by Gene Set Enrichment Analysis based on RNA sequencing data. Cell cycle-induced genes CCND1 and E2F1 were downregulated in NAP1L1 knockdown NPC cells. Reduced NAP1L1 suppressed the recruitment of hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) and decreased its expression. Knockdown of HDGF reduced the expression of c-JUN, a key oncogenic transcription factor that can induce the expression of cyclin D1 (CCND1), reducing cell cycle progression and suppressing cell growth in NPC. Transfecting HDGF or c-JUN could reverse the growth-suppressive effects in NAP1L1-downregulated NPC cells. The data obtained in this study suggest that NAP1L1 acts as a potential oncogene by activating HDGF/c-JUN/CCND1 signaling in NPC.

3.
Theranostics ; 11(16): 8112-8128, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335983

RESUMO

The coiled-coil domain containing protein members have been well documented for their roles in many diseases including cancers. However, the function of the coiled-coil domain containing 65 (CCDC65) remains unknown in tumorigenesis including gastric cancer. Methods: CCDC65 expression and its correlation with clinical features and prognosis of gastric cancer were analyzed in tissue. The biological role and molecular basis of CCDC65 were performed via in vitro and in vivo assays and a various of experimental methods including co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), GST-pull down and ubiquitination analysis et al. Finally, whether metformin affects the pathogenesis of gastric cancer by regulating CCDC65 and its-mediated signaling was investigated. Results: Here, we found that downregulated CCDC65 level was showed as an unfavourable factor in gastric cancer patients. Subsequently, CCDC65 or its domain (a.a. 130-484) was identified as a significant suppressor in GC growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Molecular basis showed that CCDC65 bound to ENO1, an oncogenic factor has been widely reported to promote the tumor pathogenesis, by its domain (a.a. 130-484) and further promoted ubiquitylation and degradation of ENO1 by recruiting E3 ubiquitin ligase FBXW7. The downregulated ENO1 decreased the binding with AKT1 and further inactivated AKT1, which led to the loss of cell proliferation and EMT signal. Finally, we observed that metformin, a new anti-cancer drug, can significantly induce CCDC65 to suppress ENO1-AKT1 complex-mediated cell proliferation and EMT signals and finally suppresses the malignant phenotypes of gastric cancer cells. Conclusion: These results firstly highlight a critical role of CCDC65 in suppressing ENO1-AKT1 pathway to reduce the progression of gastric cancer and reveals a new molecular mechanism for metformin in suppressing gastric cancer. Our present study provides a new insight into the mechanism and therapy for gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , China , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Genes Supressores de Tumor/fisiologia , Glicoproteínas/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Metformina/metabolismo , Metformina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Oncogenes , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação
5.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 22: 557-571, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230457

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is prevalent in East and Southeast Asia. In a previous study, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-miR-BART22 induces tumor metastasis and stemness and is significantly involved in NPC progression. In the present study, we observed that miR-4721 is induced by EBV-miR-BART22 through phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/c-JUN/Sp1 signaling to promote its transcription. In a subsequent study, we observed that miR-4721 serves as a potential oncogenic factor promoting NPC cell cycle progression and cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Mechanism analysis indicated that miR-4721 directly targetes GSK3ß and reduces its expression, which therefore elevates ß-catenin intra-nuclear aggregation and activates its downstream cell cycle factors, including CCND1 and c-MYC. In clinical samples, miR-4721 and GSK3ß are respectively observed to be upregulated and downregulated in NPC progression. Elevated expression of miR-4721 is positively associated with clinical progression and poor prognosis. Our study first demonstrated that miR-4721 as an oncogene is induced by EBV-miR-BART22 via modulating PI3K/AKT/c-JUN/Sp1 signaling to target GSK3ß, which thus activates the WNT/ß-catenin-stimulated cell cycle signal and enhances the tumorigenic capacity in NPC. miR-4721 may be a potential biomarker or therapeutic target in NPC treatment in the future.

6.
J Neurooncol ; 149(3): 557-560, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030654

RESUMO

In the original publication, there are errors in Fig. 3D and Fig. 5C and are corrected as follows.

7.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(11): 1318-1324, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a fatal cardiovascular emergency requiring rapid reperfusion treatment. During the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, medical professionals need to strike a balance between providing timely treatment for STEMI patients and implementing infection control procedures to prevent nosocomial spread of COVID-19 among health care workers and other vulnerable cardiovascular patients. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and China Chest Pain Center's modified STEMI protocol on the treatment and prognosis of STEMI patients in China. METHODS: Based on the data of 28,189 STEMI patients admitted to 1,372 Chest Pain Centers in China between December 27, 2019 and February 20, 2020, the study analyzed how the COVID-19 outbreak and China Chest Pain Center's modified STEMI protocol influenced the number of admitted STEMI cases, reperfusion strategy, key treatment time points, and in-hospital mortality and heart failure for STEMI patients. RESULTS: The COVID-19 outbreak reduced the number of STEMI cases reported to China Chest Pain Centers. Consistent with China Chest Pain Center's modified STEMI protocol, the percentage of patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention declined while the percentage of patients undergoing thrombolysis increased. With an average delay of approximately 20 min for reperfusion therapy, the rate of in-hospital mortality and in-hospital heart failure increased during the outbreak, but the rate of in-hospital hemorrhage remained stable. CONCLUSIONS: There were reductions in STEMI patients' access to care, delays in treatment timelines, changes in reperfusion strategies, and an increase of in-hospital mortality and heart failure during the COVID-19 pandemic in China.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Controle de Infecções , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Pneumonia Viral , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Terapia Trombolítica , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inovação Organizacional , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Assistência ao Paciente/tendências , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(2): 147-151, 2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376532

RESUMO

The SARS-CoV-2 epidemic starting in Wuhan in December, 2019 has spread rapidly throughout the nation. The control measures to contain the epidemic also produced influences on the transport and treatment process of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and adjustments in the management of the patients need to be made at this particular time. AMI is characterized by an acute onset with potentially fatal consequence, a short optimal treatment window, and frequent complications including respiratory infections and respiratory and circulatory failure, for which active on-site treatment is essential. To standardize the management and facilitate the diagnosis and treatment, we formulated the guidelines for the procedures and strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of AMI, which highlight 5 Key Principles, namely Nearby treatment, Safety protection, Priority of thrombolysis, Transport to designated hospitals, and Remote consultation. For AMI patients, different treatment strategies are selected based on the screening results of SARS-CoV-2, the time window of STEMI onset, and the vital signs of the patients. During this special period, the cardiologists, including the interventional physicians, should be fully aware of the indications and contraindications of thrombolysis. In the transport and treatment of AMI patients, the physicians should strictly observe the indications for patient transport with appropriate protective measurements of the medical staff.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Infarto do Miocárdio , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Consenso , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Consulta Remota , SARS-CoV-2 , Terapia Trombolítica , Transporte de Pacientes
9.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 13, 2020 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32296025

RESUMO

MYH9 has dual functions in tumors. However, its role in inducing tumor stemness in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not yet determined. Here, we found that MYH9 is an effective promoter of tumor stemness that facilitates hepatocellular carcinoma pathogenesis. Importantly, targeting MYH9 remarkably improved the survival of hepatocellular carcinoma-bearing mice and promoted sorafenib sensitivity of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vivo. Mechanistic analysis suggested that MYH9 interacted with GSK3ß and reduced its protein expression by ubiquitin-mediated degradation, which therefore dysregulated the ß-catenin destruction complex and induced the downstream tumor stemness phenotype, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and c-Jun signaling in HCC. C-Jun transcriptionally stimulated MYH9 expression and formed an MYH9/GSK3ß/ß-catenin/c-Jun feedback loop. X protein is a hepatitis B virus (HBV)-encoded key oncogenic protein that promotes HCC pathogenesis. Interestingly, we observed that HBV X protein (HBX) interacted with MYH9 and induced its expression by modulating GSK3ß/ß-catenin/c-Jun signaling. Targeting MYH9 blocked HBX-induced GSK3ß ubiquitination to activate the ß-catenin destruction complex and suppressed cancer stemness and EMT. Based on TCGA database analysis, MYH9 was found to be elevated and conferred poor prognosis for hepatocellular carcinoma patients. In clinical samples, high MYH9 expression levels predicted poor prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. These findings identify the suppression of MYH9 as an alternative approach for the effective eradication of CSC properties to inhibit cancer migration, invasion, growth, and sorafenib resistance in HCC patients. Our study demonstrated that MYH9 is a crucial therapeutic target in HCC.

10.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 125: 109865, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058212

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of ovarian cancer remains to be elucidated. Our previous study demonstrated that myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) overexpression was associated with poor prognosis of epithelial ovarian cancer. However, the mechanism of MYH9 and its regulation by microRNA (miR) is not clear. The results of the present study demonstrated that miR-6089 was one of the microRNAs targeting MYH9, and miR-6089 overexpression suppressed ovarian cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion and metastasis in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistic studies confirmed that miR-6089 directly targeted MYH9 to inactivate the Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway and its downstream epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), cell-cycle factors and c-Jun, whereas overexpression of MYH9 reversed the inhibitory effects of miR-6089 overexpression in ovarian cancer cells by upregulating the Wnt/ß-catenin and its downstream EMT, cell-cycle factors and c-Jun. Interestingly, miR-6089 was transcriptionally inhibited by c-Jun, a transcription factor which could be induced by MYH9 via the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Thus miR-6089/MYH9/ß-catenin/c-Jun formed a negative feedback loop in ovarian cancer. In clinical samples, miR-6089 negatively correlated with MYH9 expression. Our study is the first to demonstrate that miR-6089 serves as a tumor-suppressive miRNA, and miR-6089/MYH9/ß-catenin/c-Jun negative feedback loop inhibits ovarian cancer carcinogenesis and progression.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes jun , MicroRNAs/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , beta Catenina/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Feminino , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Camundongos , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/metabolismo
11.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(1): 179-195, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064160

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a common type of lung cancer characterized by a high incidence of local invasion and metastasis. Programmed cell death factor 4 (PDCD4) is a well-recognized tumor suppressor gene involved in LUAD, however its precise regulatory mechanism remains elusive. This is the first study to report an inverse regulatory relationship between PDCD4 and eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit H (EIF3H) in LUAD. Co-immunoprecipitation assays combined with mass spectrometry and immunofluorescent co-localization indicated that PDCD4 interacted with EIF3H. Overexpression of PDCD4 in LUAD cells reduced EIF3H mRNA and protein levels by suppressing c-Jun-induced EIF3H transcription. Further, an elevated level of EIF3H protein was found in LUAD tissues compared with para-cancerous normal lung tissues, and was found to be an unfavorable factor promoting LUAD pathogenesis. Moreover, the negative correlation between PDCD4 and EIF3H protein expression was confirmed in LUAD tissues. Functional analyses showed that EIF3H overexpression promoted LUAD cell migration and invasion in vitro as well as metastasis in nude mice by activating epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling. Conversely, EIF3H knockdown with small interfering RNAs reversed these changes in LUAD cells. Furthermore, we discovered that introduction of PDCD4 to EIF3H-overexpressing LUAD cells abrogated the function of EIF3H, reducing migration and invasion of LUAD cells by downregulating EMT signaling. Taken together, our findings identified a previously unknown negative regulation of PDCD4 on EIF3H and confirmed EIF3H as an oncogenic factor in LUAD by enhancing EMT signaling, which was abrogated by PDCD4.

12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 123: 109780, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901550

RESUMO

FAM83A is part of an 8-member protein family of unknown function and is reported to be a cancer-promoting and treatment-resistance factor in several cancers. However, its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. Analysis of the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) showed that FAM83A mRNA expression is upregulated in HCC, as are the protein expression levels in both HCC cell lines and tissues. Clinical data have demonstrated that high FAM83A expression is positively correlated with poor progression-free survival time, thus suggesting its cancer-promoting potential. Functional analyses showed that FAM83A overexpression promoted HCC cell migration and invasion in vitro and suppressed sorafenib sensitivity. Inhibiting FAM83A reversed these results. A pulmonary metastasis model further confirmed that FAM83A promoted HCC cell metastasis in vivo. Mechanistic analyses indicated that FAM83A activated the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, its downstream c-JUN protein, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related protein levels, including downregulation of E-cadherin and upregulation of Vimentin and N-cadherin. Interestingly, c-JUN induced FAM83A expression by directly binding to its promoter region and thus forming a positive-feedback loop for FAM83A/PI3K/AKT/c-JUN. In conclusion, we demonstrated that FAM83A, as a cancer-metastasis promoter, accelerates migration, invasion and metastasis by activating the PI3K/AKT/c-JUN pathway and inducing its self-expression via feedback, thus forming a FAM83A/PI3K/AKT/c-JUN positive-feedback loop to activate EMT signaling and finally promote HCC migration, invasion and metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Movimento Celular , Retroalimentação Fisiológica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-jun/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Retroalimentação Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Inativação Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico
13.
Mol Ther ; 28(1): 313-327, 2020 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604679

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in the self-renewal of breast cancer stem cells (BCCs). Our study aimed to clarify the role of proto-oncogene c-Jun-regulated miR-5188 in breast cancer progression and its association with Timeless-mediated cancer stemness. In the present study, we showed that miR-5188 exerted an oncogenic effect by inducing breast cancer stemness, proliferation, metastasis, and chemoresistance in vitro and in vivo. The mechanistic analysis demonstrated that miR-5188 directly targeted FOXO1, which interacted with ß-catenin in the cytoplasm, facilitated ß-catenin degradation, and impaired the nuclear accumulation of ß-catenin, thus stimulating the activation of known Wnt targets, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers, and key regulators of cancer stemness. Moreover, miR-5188 potentiated Wnt/ß-catenin/c-Jun signaling to promote breast cancer progression. Interestingly, c-Jun enhanced miR-5188 transcription to form a positive regulatory loop, and Timeless interacted with Sp1/c-Jun to induce miR-5188 expression by promoting c-Jun-mediated transcription, which further activated miR-5188-FOXO1/ß-catenin-c-Jun loop and facilitated breast cancer progression. Importantly, miR-5188 was upregulated in breast cancer and was positively correlated with poor patient prognosis. This study identifies miR-5188 as a novel oncomiR and provides a new theoretical basis for the clinical use of miR-5188 antagonists in the treatment of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-jun/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Adulto , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Transfecção , Regulação para Cima/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Adulto Jovem
14.
Int J Cancer ; 146(2): 496-509, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125123

RESUMO

The biological role of vacuolar protein sorting 33B (VPS33B) has not been examined in colorectal cancer (CRC). We report that VPS33B was downregulated in dextran sulfate sodium/azoxymethane (DSS/AOM) -induced CRC mice models and nicotine-treated CRC cells via the PI3K/AKT/c-Jun pathway. Reduced VPS33B is an unfavorable factor promoting poor prognosis in human CRC patients. VPS33B overexpression suppressed CRC proliferation, intrahepatic metastasis and chemoresistance of cisplatin (DDP) in vivo and in vitro through modulating the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/RAS/ERK/c-Myc/p53/miR-133a-3p feedback loop and the downstream cell cycle or EMT-related factors. Furthermore, NESG1 as a newly identified tumor suppressor interacted with VPS33B via colocalization in the cytoplasm, and it was stimulated by VPS33B through the downregulation of RAS/ERK/c-Jun-mediated transcription. NESG1 also activated VPS33B expression via the RAS/ERK/c-Jun pathway. Suppression of NESG1 increased cell growth, migration and invasion via the reversion of the VPS33B-modulating signal in VPS33B-overexpressed cells. Taken together, VPS33B as a tumor suppressor is easily dysregulated by chemical carcinogens and it interacts with NESG1 to modulate the EGFR/RAS/ERK/c-Myc/p53/miR-133a-3p feedback loop and thus suppress the malignant phenotype of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Genes Supressores de Tumor/efeitos dos fármacos , Nicotina/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Animais , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células HT29 , Humanos , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcrição Genética/genética
15.
BMJ Qual Saf ; 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large-scale real-world data to evaluate the impact of chest pain centre (CPC) accreditation on acute coronary syndrome (ACS) emergency care in heavy-burden developing countries like China are rare. METHODS: This study is a retrospective study based on data from the Hospital Quality Monitoring System (HQMS) database. This study included emergency patients admitted with ACS to hospitals that uploaded clinical data continuously to the database from 2013 to 2016. Propensity score matching was used to compare hospitals with and without CPC accreditation during this period. A longitudinal self-contrast comparison design with mixed-effects models was used to compare management of ACS before and after accreditation. RESULTS: A total of 798 008 patients with ACS from 746 hospitals were included in the analysis. After matching admission date, hospital levels and types and adjusting for possible covariates, patients with ACS admitted to accredited CPCs had lower in-hospital mortality (OR=0.70, 95% CI 0.53 to 0.93), shorter length of stay (LOS; adjusted multiplicative effect=0.89, 95% CI 0.84 to 0.94) and more percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures (OR=3.53, 95% CI 2.20 to 5.66) than patients admitted in hospitals without applying for CPC accreditation. Furthermore, when compared with the 'before accreditation' group only in accredited CPCs, the in-hospital mortality and LOS decreased and the usage of PCI were increased in both 'accreditation' (for in-hospital mortality: OR=0.86, 95% CI 0.79 to 0.93; for LOS: 0.94, 95% CI 0.93 to 0.95; for PCI: OR=1.22, 95% CI 1.18 to 1.26) and 'after accreditation' groups (for in-hospital mortality: OR=0.90, 95% CI 0.84 to 0.97; for LOS: 0.89, 95% CI 0.89 to 0.90; for PCI: OR=1.36, 95% CI 1.33 to 1.39). The significant benefits of decreased in-hospital mortality, reduced LOS and increased PCI usage were also observed for patients with acute myocardial infarction. CONCLUSIONS: CPC accreditation is associated with better management and in-hospital clinical outcomes of patients with ACS. CPC establishment and accreditation should be promoted and implemented in countries with high levels of ACS.

16.
Am J Cancer Res ; 9(11): 2314-2330, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815037

RESUMO

Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1), as a typical transcription inhibitory factor of E-cadherin, plays a major role in stimulating the invasion and metastasis of tumors via modulating the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signal. However, its function and modulatory mechanisms in endometrial carcinoma (EC) remain unclear. In this study, silencing ZEB1 significantly reduced EC cell migration, invasion, and metastasis, as well as enhanced the sensitivity of EC cells to cisplatin (cDDP) in vitro and in vivo. Mechanism analysis indicated that ZEB1 interacts with hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) and co-localizes in the nucleus. In addition, ZEB1 as a transcription factor binds to the promoter of HDGF to stimulate HDGF transcription. Furthermore, suppression of HDGF in ZEB1-overexpressed EC cells not only reduced the expression of ß-catenin, TCF4, and ZEB1, but also repressed ß-catenin translocation from the cytoplasm into the nucleus and further downregulated the combination with TCF4. Interestingly, the ß-catenin/TCF4 signaling feedback stimulates ZEB1 transcription and therefore constitutes a positive feedback loop. In clinical samples, ZEB1 positively correlates with HDGF expression, and co-expression of ZEB1 and HDGF promotes the pathogenesis of EC. In summary, our study demonstrated that the positive feedback loop of ZEB1/HDGF/ß-catenin/TCF4 plays an unfavorable role in the metastasis of endometrial carcinoma.

17.
Theranostics ; 9(25): 7583-7598, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695788

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are the key factor in determining cancer recurrence, metastasis, chemoresistance and patient prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The role of miR-5188 in cancer stemness has never been documented. In this study, we investigated the clinical and biological roles of miR-5188 in HCC. Methods: MiRNA expression in HCC was analyzed by bioinformatics analysis and in situ hybridization. The biological effect of miR-5188 was demonstrated in both in vitro and in vivo studies through the ectopic expression of miR-5188. The target gene and molecular pathway of miR-5188 were characterized using bioinformatics tools, dual-luciferase reporter assays, gene knockdown, and rescue experiments. Results: MiR-5188 was shown to be upregulated and confer poor prognosis in HCC patient data from TCGA database. MiR-5188 was subsequently identified as a significant inducer of cancer stemness that promotes HCC pathogenesis. Specifically, the targeting of miR-5188 by its antagomir markedly prolonged the survival time of HCC-bearing mice and improved HCC cell chemosensitivity in vivo. Mechanistic analysis indicated that miR-5188 directly targets FOXO1, which interacts with ß-catenin in the cytoplasm to reduce the nuclear translocation of ß-catenin and promotes the activation of Wnt signaling and downstream tumor stemness, EMT, and c-Jun. Moreover, c-Jun transcriptionally activates miR-5188 expression, forming a positive feedback loop. Interestingly, the miR-5188-FOXO1/ß-catenin-c-Jun feedback loop was induced by hepatitis X protein (HBX) through Wnt signaling and participated in the HBX-induced pathogenesis of HCC. Finally, analyses of transcriptomics data and our clinical data supported the significance of the abnormal expression of the miR-5188 pathway in HCC pathogenesis. Conclusions: These findings present the inhibition of miR-5188 as a novel strategy for the efficient elimination of CSCs to prevent tumor metastasis, recurrence and chemoresistance in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Our study highlights the importance of miR-5188 as a tumor stemness inducer that acts as a potential target for HCC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais Reguladoras e Acessórias/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/fisiologia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754475

RESUMO

In this study, we present novel molecular mechanisms by which FOXO1 functions as a tumor suppressor to prevent the pathogenesis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). First, we observed that FOXO1 not only controlled tumor stemness and metastasis, but also sensitized NPC cells to cisplatin (DDP) in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that FOXO1-induced miR-200b expression through the GSK3ß/ß-catenin/TCF4 network-mediated stimulation of ZEB1, which reduced tumor stemness and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signal. Furthermore, we observed FOXO1 interaction with MYH9 and suppression of MYH9 expression by modulating the PI3K/AKT/c-Myc/P53/miR-133a-3p pathway. Decreased MYH9 expression not only reduced its interactions with GSK3ß, but also attenuated TRAF6 expression, which then decreased the ubiquitin-mediated degradation of GSK3ß protein. Increased GSK3ß expression stimulated the ß-catenin/TCF4/ZEB1/miR-200b network, which increased the downstream tumor stemness and EMT signals. Subsequently, we observed that chemically synthesized cinobufotalin (CB) strongly increased FOXO1-induced DDP chemosensitivity by reducing MYH9 expression, and the reduction in MYH9 modulated GSK3ß/ß-catenin and its downstream tumor stemness and EMT signal in NPC. In clinical samples, the combination of low FOXO1 expression and high MYH9 expression indicated the worst overall survival rates. Our studies demonstrated that CB potently induced FOXO1-mediated DDP sensitivity by antagonizing its binding partner MYH9 to modulate tumor stemness in NPC.

19.
EBioMedicine ; 48: 386-404, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related tumor. The role of EBV-encoding miR-BART22 is still unclear in NPC. This study aimed to identify the detailed mechanisms by which EBV-miR-BART22 functions as a tumor-promoting factor and evaluate the action of cinobufotalin in treating EBV-miR-BART22-overexpressing NPC cells. METHODS: Using real-time PCR, western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and In situ hybridization, we detected the expression of miR-BART22 and MAP2K4 in tissues and cells, as well as evaluated their clinical relevance in NPC patients. The effects of miR-BART22 on cell metastasis, stemness and DDP chemoresistance were examined by sphere formation assay, side population analysis, transwell, boyden, in vivo xenograft tumor mouse model et al. Western blotting, immunofluorescence staining, luciferase reporter assay, ChIP, EMSA and Co-IP assay et al. were performed to explore the detailed molecular mechanism of EBV-miR-BART22 in NPC. Finally, we estimated the effects and molecular basis of Cinobufotalin on EBV-miR-BART22-overexpressing NPC cells in vitro and in vivo assays. FINDINGS: We observed that EBV-miR-BART22 not only promoted tumor stemness and metastasis, but also enhanced the resistance to Cisplatin (DDP) in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic analysis indicated that EBV-miR-BART22 directly targeted the MAP2K4 and upregulated non-muscle myosin heavy chain IIA (MYH9) expression by PI3K/AKT/c-Jun-induced transcription. Further, MYH9 interacted with glycogen synthase 3ß(GSK3ß) protein and induced its ubiquitin degradation by activating PI3K/AKT/c-Jun-induced ubiquitin transcription and the latter combined with increased TRAF6 E3 ligase, which further bound to GSK3ß protein. Reductions in the GSK3ß protein thus promoted ß-catenin expression and nuclear translocation, which induced tumor stemness and the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signals. Furthermore, we observed that cinobufotalin, a new chemically synthesized compound, significantly suppressed EBV-miR-BART22-induced DDP chemoresistance by upregulating MAP2K4 to suppress MYH9/GSK3ß/ß-catenin and its downstream tumor stemness and EMT signals in NPC. Finally, clinical data revealed that increased miR-BART22 and reduced MAP2K4 expression caused the poor prognoses of NPC patients. INTERPRETATION: Our study provides a novel mechanism that cinobufotalin reversed the DDP chemoresistance and EMT induced by EBV-miR-BART22 in NPC.


Assuntos
Bufanolídeos/farmacologia , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Viral , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Glicogênio Sintase/metabolismo , Humanos , MAP Quinase Quinase 4/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
20.
Oncol Lett ; 18(5): 4936-4946, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612005

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma is the most common histologic subtype of lung cancer. The aim of the present study was to assess the expression of hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) and protein kinase Cα (PRKCA) in lung adenocarcinoma (LADC), and to determine the association between the combined expression of these two proteins and clinicopathological characteristics of patients with LADC. The expression of HDGF and PRKCA mRNA was assessed by GEO database analysis, and HDGF and PRKCA protein levels were examined by immunohistochemistry using a tissue microarray. High HDGF and PRKCA expression was observed in LADC tissue compared to normal samples, and increased HDGF and PRKCA expression was associated with AJCC clinical stage, tumor classification, node classification, and lymph node metastasis. GEO database analysis revealed no significant differences between HDGF mRNA and PRKCA mRNA in LADC tissue. However, high PRKCA protein expression was associated with high HDGF protein expression, and patients with high HDGF and PRKCA expression exhibited poorer overall survival rates than patients with low expression levels of the two proteins. The results of the present study suggest that upregulation of both HDGF and PRKCA may be an unfavourable factor for lung adenocarcinoma progression.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...