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1.
Bioengineered ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753384

RESUMO

Our study aimed to investigate the clinical significance and biological functions of Spindlin1 (SPIN1) in colorectal cancer (CRC) tumorigenesis and progression, as well as the mechanism underlying its upregulation. The expression of SPIN1 was detected by immunohistochemistry and western blotting assays. Bioinformatics prediction and dual-luciferase reporter assays were used to determine whether microRNA-381 (miR-381) could target SPIN1. A series of cell functional experiments were performed to investigate whether the miR-381-mediated regulation of SPIN1 is involved in the progression and aggressiveness of CRC cells via the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Our results showed that SPIN1 is frequently overexpressed in CRC tissues and cell lines, and its upregulation is positively correlated with disease progression and lymph node metastasis. Moreover, SPIN1 depletion suppresses cell growth, migration, and invasion through inactivation of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, which recapitulates the effects of miR-381 upregulation. Moreover, SPIN1 is a target gene of miR-381, and miR-381 is downregulated in CRC. Furthermore, the reintroduction of SPIN1 partially abolished the miR-381-mediated inhibitory effects in CRC cells. In summary, our data revealed that the miR-381/SPIN1 axis greatly contributes to CRC tumorigenesis by orchestrating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, thereby representing actionable therapeutic targets for colorectal cancer patients.

2.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 15: 765205, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720885

RESUMO

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) features extremely high rates of morbidity and mortality, with no specific and effective therapy. And local inflammation caused by the over-activated immune cells seriously damages the recovery of neurological function after ICH. Fortunately, immune intervention to microglia has provided new methods and ideas for ICH treatment. Microglia, as the resident immune cells in the brain, play vital roles in both tissue damage and repair processes after ICH. The perihematomal activated microglia not only arouse acute inflammatory responses, oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and cytotoxicity to cause neuron death, but also show another phenotype that inhibit inflammation, clear hematoma and promote tissue regeneration. The proportion of microglia phenotypes determines the progression of brain tissue damage or repair after ICH. Therefore, microglia may be a promising and imperative therapeutic target for ICH. In this review, we discuss the dual functions of microglia in the brain after an ICH from immunological perspective, elaborate on the activation mechanism of perihematomal microglia, and summarize related therapeutic drugs researches.

3.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 57, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondria have been shown to play vital roles during severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) development. Currently, it is unclear whether mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants, which define mtDNA haplogroups and determine oxidative phosphorylation performance and reactive oxygen species production, are associated with COVID-19 risk. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted to compare the distribution of mtDNA variations defining mtDNA haplogroups between healthy controls (n = 615) and COVID-19 patients (n = 536). COVID-19 patients were diagnosed based on molecular diagnostics of the viral genome by qPCR and chest X-ray or computed tomography scanning. The exclusion criteria for the healthy controls were any history of disease in the month preceding the study assessment. MtDNA variants defining mtDNA haplogroups were identified by PCR-RFLPs and HVS-I sequencing and determined based on mtDNA phylogenetic analysis using Mitomap Phylogeny. Student's t-test was used for continuous variables, and Pearson's chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test was used for categorical variables. To assess the independent effect of each mtDNA variant defining mtDNA haplogroups, multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) with adjustments for possible confounding factors of age, sex, smoking and diseases (including cardiopulmonary diseases, diabetes, obesity and hypertension) as determined through clinical and radiographic examinations. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that the most common investigated mtDNA variations (> 10% in the control population) at C5178a (in NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 gene, ND2) and A249d (in the displacement loop region, D-loop)/T6392C (in cytochrome c oxidase I gene, CO1)/G10310A (in ND3) were associated with a reduced risk of severe COVID-19 (OR = 0.590, 95% CI 0.428-0.814, P = 0.001; and OR = 0.654, 95% CI 0.457-0.936, P = 0.020, respectively), while A4833G (ND2), A4715G (ND2), T3394C (ND1) and G5417A (ND2)/C16257a (D-loop)/C16261T (D-loop) were related to an increased risk of severe COVID-19 (OR = 2.336, 95% CI 1.179-4.608, P = 0.015; OR = 2.033, 95% CI 1.242-3.322, P = 0.005; OR = 3.040, 95% CI 1.522-6.061, P = 0.002; and OR = 2.890, 95% CI 1.199-6.993, P = 0.018, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to explore the association of mtDNA variants with individual's risk of developing severe COVID-19. Based on the case-control study, we concluded that the common mtDNA variants at C5178a and A249d/T6392C/G10310A might contribute to an individual's resistance to developing severe COVID-19, whereas A4833G, A4715G, T3394C and G5417A/C16257a/C16261T might increase an individual's risk of developing severe COVID-19.

4.
Environ Sci Process Impacts ; 23(10): 1466-1475, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669760

RESUMO

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in petroleum refinery wastewater is an extremely complex mixture. A better understanding of chemical compositions of DOM at the molecular level is necessary for the design and optimization of wastewater treatment processes. In this study, two largely different DOM samples, one from a petroleum refinery wastewater and the other from the Suwannee river water, were characterized by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) coupled with positive-/negative-ion electrospray ionization (ESI), and positive-ion atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI). For wastewater DOM, a total of 6226 molecular formulae were assigned in the three ionization modes. However, only 1182 molecular formulae were common in all three mass spectra, indicating that the techniques were highly complementary in the types of molecules they ionize. Acid Ox (x = 1-9) and basic N1Ox (x = 0-2) classes were dominant in the wastewater DOM detected in negative-ion and positive-ion ESI mode, respectively. And the wastewater DOM contains considerable amounts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons that did not respond to ESI but can be ionized selectively by APPI. Compared with riverine DOM, the refinery wastewater DOM has a higher molecular complexity and is more enriched in hydrocarbon, and nitrogen- and sulfur-containing compounds. The results show that the major components of refinery wastewater DOM were distinctive from those of the natural organic matter. Though not quantitative, the results obtained by various ionization techniques were found to be complementary, and are helpful to our understanding of the selectivity of different ionization techniques as well as the molecular compositions of DOM.


Assuntos
Petróleo , Águas Residuárias , Pressão Atmosférica , Espectrometria de Massas , Nitrogênio
5.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 745561, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675811

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is an abnormal proliferation of connective tissue in the liver caused by various pathogenic factors. Chronic liver injury leads to release of inflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species (ROS) from damaged hepatocytes, which activates hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) to secrete extracellular matrix proteins, thereby leading to fibrosis. Thus, inhibition of hepatocyte injury and HSC activation, and promotion of apoptosis of activated HSCs are important strategies for prevention of liver fibrosis. In this study, we showed that the germacrone (GER), the main component in the volatile oil of zedoary turmeric, inhibited hepatic fibrosis by regulating multiple signaling pathways. First, GER improved the cell survival rate by inhibiting the production of ROS after hepatocyte injury caused by acetaminophen (APAP). In addition, GER inhibited the activation of HSCs and expression of collagen I by blocking TGF-ß/Smad pathway in LX-2 cells. However, when the concentration of GER was higher than 60 µM, it specifically induced HSCs apoptosis by promoting the expression and activation of apoptosis-related proteins, but it had no effect on hepatocytes. Importantly, GER significantly attenuated the methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet-induced liver fibrosis by inhibiting liver injury and the activation of HSCs in vivo. In summary, GER can not only protect hepatocytes by reducing ROS release to avoid the liver injury-induced HSC activation, but also directly inhibit the activation and survival of HSCs by regulating TGF-ß/Smad and apoptosis pathways. These results demonstrate that GER can be used as a potential therapeutic drug for the treatment of liver fibrosis.

6.
Hepatology ; 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The mechanisms involved in liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PHx) are complicated. Cellular senescence, once linked to aging, plays a pivotal role in wound repair. However, the regulatory effects of cellular senescence on liver regeneration have not been fully elucidated. APPROACH & RESULTS: Mice subjected to PHx were analyzed 14 days after surgery. The incomplete remodeling of liver sinusoids affected shear stress-induced eNOS signaling on day 14, resulting in the accumulation of senescent liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs). Removing macrophages to augment LSEC senescence led to a malfunction of the regenerating liver. A dynamic fluctuation in Notch activity accompanied senescent LSEC accumulation during liver regeneration. Endothelial Notch activation by using Cdh5-CreERT NICeCA mice triggered LSEC senescence and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), which disrupted liver regeneration. Blocking the Notch by γ-secretase inhibitor (GSI) diminished senescence and promoted LSEC expansion. Mechanically, Notch-Hes1 signaling inhibited Sirt1 transcription by binding to its promoter region. Activation of Sirt1 by SRT1720 neutralized the up-regulation of P53, P21, and P16 caused by Notch activation, and eliminated Notch-driven LSEC senescence. Finally, Sirt1 activator promoted liver regeneration by abrogating LSEC senescence and improving sinusoid remodeling. CONCLUSIONS: Shear stress-induced LSEC senescence driven by Notch interferes with liver regeneration after PHx. Sirt1 inhibition accelerates liver regeneration by abrogating Notch-driven senescence, providing a potential opportunity to target senescent cells and facilitate liver repair after injury.

7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(11): 5394-5404, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708978

RESUMO

Scientific identification of runoff output characteristics of different land use patterns is the premise of controlling non-point source pollution in watersheds. The hydrology and output process of non-point source pollutants of forest, planting, and construction land with different rainfall characteristics were observed using a micro-watershed in a low mountain and hilly region of Southern China. The results showed that land use affected the hydrological characteristics and water quality processes of runoff. The characteristics of runoff generation time and cumulative rainfall under typical rainfall conditions were as follows:construction land(9 min, 2.0 mm), planting land(35 min, 11.4 mm), and forest land(108 min, 24 mm). There were significant differences in the three land use types in the pollution output process characteristics, such as pollutant concentration of total suspended matter(TSS), total nitrogen(TN) and phosphorus(TP), their components, N/P ratio change, and output intensity. Under typical rainfall, different land use types had similar pollution output stages, the mass concentrations of TSS, TN, and TP in the initial runoff were high, and then gradually stabilized. In addition, the first 30 min of the flow generation process contributed to the TSS, TN, and TP loads within the 23%-43% range. At the annual scale, there were significant differences between the contribution rate of each land use type to TN and TP load and ratio per unit area; the highest contribution to total pollution load was planting land(57% and 45%), while the highest in pollution load per unit area was construction land(9.50-12.50). The results also showed that the distribution of key non-point source areas had different spatial and temporal dynamics, which was comprehensively determined by the land use types in catchment units, the characteristics of annual rainfall, among other factors. With the increase in rainfall, the main contribution non-point source pollution in the micro-watershed changed from construction land to planting land. Targeted ecological interception strategies should be implemented based on the distribution characteristics of key source areas and characteristics of underlying surface runoff production process.


Assuntos
Poluição Difusa , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Solo , Movimentos da Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(87): 11525-11528, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34661229

RESUMO

A new noncentrosymmetric iron-iodate-fluoride Ba2[FeF4(IO3)2]IO3 was ingeniously obtained based on the centrosymmetric Ba[FeF4(IO3)] through chemical tailoring. Ba2[FeF4(IO3)2]IO3 exhibits a strong phase-matchable second-harmonic generation effect, a large band gap, and a wide mid-infrared transparent window. The chemical tailoring design based on oxide-fluoride anions affords a feasible approach to design nonlinear optical materials.

9.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the asymmetry in the paraspinal muscle before pregnancy and evaluate its association with pregnancy-associated lumbopelvic pain (LPP). METHODS: This was a prospective case-control study conducted from January 2017 and December 2018. A total of 171 subjects (mean age ± SD, 27.4 ± 5.8 years) were finally divided into the LBP group, PGP group, and no LPP group. Each subject was asked to follow a standardized clinical imaging protocol before the pregnancy. The area of muscles (multifidus, erector spinae, and psoas muscles) on the axial slice at mid-disc of L4 -L5 and L5 -S1 were segmented and then the cross-sectional area (CSA) of a particular muscle was measured by outlining the innermost fascial border surrounding each muscle. The mean value of F-CSA's ratio to T-CSA (F/T CSA) was used to determine whether the bilateral paraspinal muscle was asymmetrical. Total muscle CSA (T-CSA) represents the sum of CSA of interested three muscles. The signal intensity can distinguish fat and muscle tissue in a different range. Based on this, functional CSA (F-CSA), represented by fat-free area, was evaluated quantitively by excluding the signal of the deposits of intramuscular fat. Total muscle CSA (T-CSA), functional CSA (F-CSA), and the ratio of F-CSA to T-CSA (F/T CSA) were measured unilaterally and compared between groups. Logistic regression was performed to determine the risk factors for pregnancy-associated LPP. The Pearson correlation coefficient was performed to test the relationship between asymmetry in F/T-CSA and pain rating. RESULTS: A total of 124 subjects (72.5%) (28.5 ± 5.2 years) had LPP during pregnancy. Forty-eight (38.7%) individuals had low back pain (LBP) and 76 (61.3%) had pelvic girdle pain (PGP). Seventy-six women (44.4%) were determined to have asymmetry in paraspinal muscle according to the definition in this methods section. The duration of follow-up was 24 months postpartum. A total of 39 (31.5%) women unrecovered from LPP. F/T-CSA was significantly decreased for LBP in the PGP group than in the and control group (0.03 ± 0.02 vs 0.05 ± 0.03 vs 0.12 ± 0.05, P < 0.001). Meanwhile, significant differences were detected in both groups (all P < 0.001). In patients with LBP, the level of paraspinal asymmetry, represented by the difference in F/T-CSA, was positively correlated with pain scores (r = 0.52, P < 0.01). However, no statistically significant correlation between pain scores and paraspinal asymmetry was found in PGP (r = 0.42, P > 0.05). Asymmetry in the paraspinal muscle (adjusted OR = 1.5), LBP (adjusted OR = 1.6), LPP in a previous pregnancy (adjusted OR = 1.4), sick leave ≥90 days (adjusted OR = 1.2), and heavy labor (adjusted OR = 1.2) were risk factors for the unrecovered LPP during pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: Asymmetrical muscular compositions could lead to abnormal biomechanics for the segmental motions. Lateral-directed physical training and stretching may help decrease the occurrence and severity of this condition.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475962

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy of long-term use of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) on survival time of lung cancer. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on lung cancer patients. A propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to balance the covariates. Progression-free survival (PFS) was the primary endpoint and overall survival (OS) was the secondary endpoint. Patients who received CHM therapy from the initial date of diagnosis of lung cancer were included in the CHM group. Patients who were not treated with CHM during the same interval were categorized in the control group. A Cox regression model was used to explore the prognostic factors related to lung cancer. Hazard ratios of different subgroups were also analyzed. Results: A total of 1134 patients were included in our study: 761 patients were in the CHM group and 373 patients were in the control group. After PSM, the mPFS and mOS in the CHM group were 70.4 months and 129.1 months, respectively, while the mPFS and mOS in the control group were 23.8 months and 99.7 months, respectively. The results of survival analysis on each stage demonstrated that patients may benefit from the long-term CHM treatment especially for patients with early stage. One-year to ten-year progression-free survival rates in the CHM group were higher than those in the control group (p < 0.001). COX multivariate regression analysis indicated that CHM treatment, female, low age at diagnosis, early tumor stage, and surgery were independent protective factors against recurrence and metastasis of lung cancer. Subgroup analysis showed that CHM treatment could reduce the risk of recurrence and metastasis in each subgroup (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Long-term CHM treatment with the Fuzheng Quxie Formula, which can be flexibly applied in the course of lung cancer treatment, not only has a positive influence on the progression-free survival time of lung cancer patients, but also reduces the risk of recurrence and metastasis of lung cancer.

11.
Sex Health ; 18(4): 333-339, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470696

RESUMO

Background The uncertainty of how neurosyphilis is diagnosed and treated in clinical settings led us to investigate whether this serious manifestation of syphilis infection is properly managed in China. METHODS: This national cross-sectional study of the diagnosis and treatment of neurosyphilis included 1392 clinicians at 398 hospitals located in 116 cities in China. RESULTS: Of 398 hospitals, 244 (61.3%) failed to perform diagnostic laboratory tests and 181 (45.5%) failed to provide recommended treatment for neurosyphilis. Of 1392 clinicians, 536 (38.5%) had previously diagnosed patients with neurosyphilis, but 419 (78.2%) of the latter provided diagnoses that did not meet the criteria set by national guidelines. Of the 485 clinicians who had previously treated patients with neurosyphilis, 280 (57.7%) failed to follow national guidelines for treatment. Analysis indicated that clinicians working in North China (adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 4.24; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.65-10.88), tertiary hospitals (aOR, 3.23; 95% CI, 1.63-6.41), and hospitals specialising in sexually transmitted infections (aOR, 2.49; 95% CI, 1.24-4.99) were more likely to follow national guidelines for neurosyphilis treatment. CONCLUSION: Lack of knowledge in disease management poses a great obstacle to prevent the serious consequences of neurosyphilis in Chinese patients. More effective measures are urgently needed to improve this suboptimal situation.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 60(20): 15744-15750, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569796

RESUMO

Two alkali tin(II) phosphates, namely, Rb[SnF(HPO4)] and Rb(Sn3O)2(PO4)3, were synthesized through mild hydrothermal methods. They belong to the orthorhombic Pnma and Pbcn space groups, respectively. Rb[SnF(HPO4)] features a layered structure based on 1D [SnF(HPO4)]∞ chains interconnected by hydrogen bonds, with Rb+ cations located at the interlayer space. For Rb(Sn3O)2(PO4)3, each pair of [Sn3O]4+ clusters is bridged by a pair of [P(1)O4]3- tetrahedra to build a 1D [Sn-P-O]∞ chain. These 1D [Sn-P-O]∞ chains are further cross-linked though [P(2)O4]3- tetrahedra to construct a 3D network with 7- and 10-membered-ring channels. The tin(II) ions in Rb[SnF(HPO4)] and Rb(Sn3O)2(PO4)3 with stereochemically active lone pairs (SCALPs) significantly enhance the birefringences of metal phosphates: Δn = 0.147@1064 nm for Rb[SnF(HPO4)] and 0.082@1064 nm for Rb(Sn3O)2(PO4)3.

13.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 14(9): 1310-1314, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540604

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the association of visual impairment from cataract with human development index (HDI) by years lived with disability (YLDs). METHODS: Published data on national age-standardized YLD rates caused by cataract and national HDIs in 2019 were obtained. Age-standardized YLD rates from 1990 to 2019 were analyzed to explore cataract burden among patients with different income levels. Age-standardized YLD rates in different HDI groups were compared by different degrees of visual impairment. Association between national age-standardized YLD rates and HDI in 2019 was analyzed. RESULTS: The age-standardized YLD rates of populations with visual impairment or blindness due to cataract declined from 1990 to 2019, especially among those with lower middle income. Multiple comparison tests revealed that countries with low HDI had significantly higher age-standardized YLD rates of blindness due to cataract than those with high and very high HDI (P<0.001). The age-standardized YLD rates of populations with blindness (ß=-0.588, P<0.001), severe vision loss (ß=-0.378, P<0.001), and moderate vision loss (ß=-0.389, P<0.001) inversely correlated with HDI. CONCLUSION: Age-standardized YLD rates caused by cataract have declined since 1990. The burden of visual impairment due to cataract inversely correlate with national socioeconomic development and is more concentrated in countries with low HDI than those with high HDI, especially among the blind. These findings highlight the need to provide additional cataract services and cataract surgery coverage to developing countries to decrease the burden of avoidable blindness caused by cataract.

14.
Chem Sci ; 12(27): 9333-9338, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349903

RESUMO

A novel salt-inclusion fluoroiodate [GaF(H2O)][IO3F] derived from CsIO2F2 was ingeniously obtained through anisotropic polycation substitution. Because the catenulate [GaF(H2O)]2+ framework serves as a template for the favorable assembly of the polar [IO3F]2- groups and contributes to the nonlinear coefficient, [GaF(H2O)][IO3F] exhibits a greatly improved second-harmonic generation (SHG) effect of 10 times that of KH2PO4 (KDP) and a considerable band gap of 4.34 eV compared to the parent compound CsIO2F2 (3 × KDP, 4.5 eV). Particularly, to the best of our knowledge, [GaF(H2O)][IO3F] has the largest laser-induced damage threshold (LDT) of 140 × AgGgS2 of the reported iodates. All these results signify that [GaF(H2O)][IO3F] is a promising nonlinear optical (NLO) crystal. This work also proposes that anisotropic polycation substitution is an effective approach to optimize the SHG effect and develop excellent NLO materials.

15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 223: 112557, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343899

RESUMO

The impact of transgenic crops on non-target organisms is a key aspect of environmental safety assessment to transgenic crops. In the present study, we fed two snail species, Bradybaena (Acusta) ravida (B. ravida) and Bradybaena similaris (Ferussac)(B. similaris), with the leaves of transgenic Bt cotton Zhong 30 (Z30) and control cotton, its parent line zhong 16 (Z16), to assess the environmental safety of Bt cotton to common non-target organisms in the field. Survival, body weight, shell diameter, helix number, reproduction rate, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and Bt protein concentration in snails were monitored in 15 days and 180 days experiments. We also monitored the population dynamics of B. ravida and B. similaris in Z30 and Z16 cotton fields for two successive years. Compared to the snails fed on the control cotton Z16, there was no significant difference in survival, growth, reproduction, and SOD activity on Bt cotton Z30. Bt protein concentrations were significantly between different treatments, and Bt protein residues were only detected in the feces of the Z30 treatment. According to the field data, the number of B. ravida and B. similaris fluctuated considerably across seasons over the entire cotton-growing season; however, there were no significant differences between the Bt and control cotton fields at similar time. As the results showed, in our experiments, Bt cotton Z30 had no adverse effects on the two snail species, both in the laboratory and in the fields.


Assuntos
Produtos Agrícolas , Caramujos , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Endotoxinas/genética , Endotoxinas/toxicidade , Gossypium/genética , Proteínas Hemolisinas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Reprodução , Caramujos/genética
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382925

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative strain, WQ 117T, isolated from the faeces of Rhinopithecus bieti collected at Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkey National Park, Yunnan province, PR China, was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolate represented a member of the genus Faecalibacter, sharing 97.64 % sequence similarity with the type strain Faecalibacter macacae YIM 102668T. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of WQ117T was 30.5 mol%. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-6. The major cellular fatty acids was iso-C15 : 0. The whole genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) values and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between WQ 117T and YIM 102668T were 79.66 % and 22.20 %, respectively. Growth occurred at 0-50 °C (optimally at 28-35 °C), pH 7.0-9.0 (optimally at pH 8.0) and with 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally without NaCl). On the basis of the taxonomic evidence, a novel species, Faecalibacter rhinopitheci sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is WQ 117T (=KCTC 82394T=CCTCC AA 2020027T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Presbytini , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Presbytini/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(35): 41619-41627, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431652

RESUMO

Currently, a big challenge for the practical use of potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) is their intrinsically poor cycling stability, due to the relatively large radius of K+ and sluggish kinetics for intercalation/deintercalation. Here we report the scalable fabrication of N/S-codoped hollow carbon nanocubes (NSHCCs), which have the potential as an electrode for advanced PIBs with robust stability. Their discharge and charge specific capacities are ∼560 mA h g-1 and 310 mA h g-1 at a current density of 50 mA g-1, respectively. Meanwhile, they exhibit 100% specific capacity retention after 620 cycles over 9 months at a low current density of 50 mA g-1, which is state-of-the-art among carbon materials. Moreover, they demonstrate nearly no sacrifice in specific capacities with 99.9% retention after 3000 cycles over 4 months under a high current density of 1000 mA g-1, superior to most carbon analogues for potassium storage previously reported. The improved electrochemical performance of NSHCC can be mainly attributed to the unique hollow carbon nanocubes with incorporated N and S dopants, which can expand the carbon layer spacing, facilitate K+ adsorption, and relieve the volume change during the intercalation/deintercalation of K+ ions.

18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(35)2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429362

RESUMO

The popularly reported energy storage mechanisms of potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) are based on alloy-, de-intercalation-, and conversion-type processes, which inevitably lead to structural damage of the electrodes caused by intercalation/de-intercalation of K+ with a relatively large radius, which is accompanied by poor cycle stabilities. Here, we report the exploration of robust high-temperature PIBs enabled by a carboxyl functional group energy storage mechanism, which is based on an example of p-phthalic acid (PTA) with two carboxyl functional groups as the redox centers. In such a case, the intercalation/de-intercalation of K+ can be performed via surface reactions with relieved volume change, thus favoring excellent cycle stability for PIBs against high temperatures. As proof of concept, at the fixed working temperature of 62.5 °C, the initial discharge and charge specific capacities of the PTA electrode are ∼660 and 165 mA⋅h⋅g-1, respectively, at a current density of 100 mA⋅g-1, with 86% specific capacity retention after 160 cycles. Meanwhile, it delivers 81.5% specific capacity retention after 390 cycles under a high current density of 500 mA⋅g-1 The cycle stabilities achieved under both low and high current densities are the best among those of high-temperature PIBs reported previously.

19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(7): 3328-3337, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212658

RESUMO

At present, there are few reports about how impervious surface microstructure characteristics affect the runoff output process of street dust. Based on field observations of 12 rainfall events, this study quantified the microstructure characteristics of impervious surfaces by structural depth (roughness) and analyzed the correlation between roughness and accumulation characteristics of street dust on sunny days as well as scouring characteristics in rainy days. The results show that the roughness of the underlying surface notably affects dust accumulation on sunny days and scouring in rainy days. The correlation between roughness and street dust accumulation (r=0.664, P<0.01) was enhanced on sunny days, and the correlation between roughness and street dust erosion (r=0.527, P<0.01) was enhanced by rainfall. The correlation of street dust accumulation and roughness of each particle size segment increased as particle size increased (0.529 ≤ r<0.757), and the correlation between street dust scouring amount and roughness decreased as particle size increased (0.603 > R > 0.209). By establishing the linear regression model of roughness and rainfall, the cumulative pollution load of TSS in rainfall runoff can be well predicted. The effects of roughness and rainfall on the cumulative load of grain sizes<20 µm and >250 µm are significant. These results elucidate the role of roughness and rainfall analysis in predicting surface runoff pollution load characteristics, which can provide new information for predicting and evaluating urban non-point source pollution.


Assuntos
Movimentos da Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Poeira/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Chuva , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(26): 4221-4235, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ubiquitin-specific protease 15 (USP15) is an important member of the ubiquitin-specific protease family, the largest deubiquitinase subfamily, whose expression is dysregulated in many types of cancer. However, the biological function and the underlying mechanisms of USP15 in gastric cancer (GC) progression have not been elucidated. AIM: To explore the biological role and underlying mechanisms of USP15 in GC progression. METHODS: Bioinformatics databases and western blot analysis were utilized to determine the expression of USP15 in GC. Immunohistochemistry was performed to evaluate the correlation between USP15 expression and clinicopathological characteristics of patients with GC. A loss- and gain-of-function experiment was used to investigate the biological effects of USP15 on GC carcinogenesis. RNA sequencing, immunofluorescence, and western blotting were performed to explore the potential mechanism by which USP15 exerts its oncogenic functions. RESULTS: USP15 was up-regulated in GC tissue and cell lines. The expression level of USP15 was positively correlated with clinical characteristics (tumor size, depth of invasion, lymph node involvement, tumor-node-metastasis stage, perineural invasion, and vascular invasion), and was related to poor prognosis. USP15 knockdown significantly inhibited cell proliferation, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of GC in vitro, while overexpression of USP15 promoted these processes. Knockdown of USP15 inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, RNA sequencing analysis showed that USP15 regulated the Wnt signaling pathway in GC. Western blotting confirmed that USP15 silencing led to significant down-regulation of ß-catenin and Wnt/ß-catenin downstream genes (c-myc and cyclin D1), while overexpression of USP15 yielded an opposite result and USP15 mutation had no change. Immunofluorescence indicated that USP15 promoted nuclear translocation of ß-catenin, suggesting activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, which may be the critical mechanism promoting GC progression. Finally, rescue experiments showed that the effect of USP15 on gastric cancer progression was dependent on Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. CONCLUSION: USP15 promotes cell proliferation, invasion and EMT progression of GC via regulating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, which suggests that USP15 is a novel potential therapeutic target for GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
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