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Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 901-911, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30774341


Background: Nanoparticles (NPs) when injected into the body can reach target tissues like nervous system and interact with tau proteins and neurons. This can trigger conformational changes of tau and may affect NP toxicity. Methods: In this study, we used several biophysical techniques (extrinsic and intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, ultraviolet (UV)-visible spectroscopy), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) investigations, molecular docking and molecular dynamics studies, and cellular assays [3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-Yl)-2,5-Diphenyltetrazolium Bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry) to reveal how structural changes of tau protein can change the cytotoxicity of titanium dioxide (TiO2) NPs against neuron-like cells (SH-SY5Y) cells. Results: It was shown that TiO2 NPs result in hydrophilic interactions, secondary and tertiary structural changes, and the formation of amorphous tau aggregates. Conformational changes of tau increased the induced cytotoxicity by TiO2 NPs. These data revealed that the denatured adsorbed protein on the NP surface may enhance NP cytotoxicity. Conclusion: Therefore, this study provides useful insights on the NP-protein interactions and discusses how the protein corona can increase cytotoxicity to determine the efficacy of targeted delivery of nanosystems.

Fenômenos Biofísicos , Nanopartículas/química , Agregados Proteicos , Titânio/química , Proteínas tau/química , Naftalenossulfonato de Anilina/química , Apoptose , Benzotiazóis/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dicroísmo Circular , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Triptofano/química