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1.
Am Heart J ; 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35436504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration in patients at high bleeding risk (HBR) is not fully defined. We aimed to compare the safety and effectiveness of short-term DAPT (S-DAPT) with longer duration DAPT (L-DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug eluting stents (DES) in patients at HBR. METHODS: We searched for studies comparing S-DAPT (≤3 months) followed by aspirin or P2Y 12 inhibitor monotherapy against L-DAPT (6-12 months) after PCI in HBR patients. Primary end-points of interest were major bleeding and myocardial infarction (MI). Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to calculate odds ratios with 95% CIs. RESULTS: Six randomized trials and three propensity-matched studies (n= 16,848) were included in the primary analysis. Compared with L-DAPT (n=8,422), major bleeding was lower with S-DAPT (n=8,426) [OR 0.68; 95% CI 0.51-0.89] whereas MI did not differ significantly between the two groups [1.16; 0.94-1.44]. There were no significant differences in risks of death, stroke or stent thrombosis (ST) between S-DAPT and L-DAPT groups. These findings were consistent when propensity-matched studies were analysed separately. Finally, there was a numerically higher, albeit statistically non-significant, ST in the S-DAPT arm of patients without an indication for OAC [1.98; 0.86-4.58]. CONCLUSION: Among HBR patients undergoing current generation DES implantation, S-DAPT reduces bleeding without an increased risk of death or MI compared with L-DAPT.

2.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 782602, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35345492

RESUMO

Background: Neurotensin is involved in fatty acid and glucose metabolism and promotes the development of obesity and diabetes. These associations appear to be more pronounced in women. We investigated the association of neurotensin with long-term major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: We included 452 consecutive patients [144 (31.9%) females] undergoing PCI for ACS or CCS. Plasma samples drawn after PCI were analyzed for neurotensin with an enzyme-linked immunoassay. As primary endpoint, a composite of MACE including all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal stroke during 7 years of follow-up was investigated. As secondary endpoint, we investigated all-cause death. Results: Neurotensin levels did not differ between male and female patients (p = 0.560). MACE occurred in 150 (33.2%) patients. Restricted cubic splines demonstrated a U-shaped association of log-transformed neurotensin with the primary and secondary endpoint. Therefore, we dichotomized our cohort according to tertiles of log-transformed neurotensin. In Kaplan-Meier analysis including the total cohort and restricted to male patients log- neurotensin tertiles were not associated with MACE (both p > 0.05). Moreover, in the overall cohort and in male patients multivariable Cox regression analysis log-neurotensin tertiles were not associated with MACE or with all-cause death (all p > 0.05). However, in female patients log-neurotensin was associated with MACE in Kaplan-Meier analysis (log-rank p = 0.013). Also, after multivariable adjustment female patients in the first tertile had a significantly increased risk for MACE compared to female patients in the second tertile [HR 3.84 (95% CI 1.71-8.60), p = 0.001]. There was tendency for increased risk in female patients in the third tertile compared to the second tertile [HR 2.14 (95% CI 0.97-4.73), p = 0.058]. Moreover, in female patients the [first and the third tertile of log- neurotensin were associated with all-cause death 1s vs. 2nd tertile: HR 3.03 (95% CI 1.21-7.63), p = 0.018; 3rd vs. 2nd tertile: HR 3.01 (95% CI 1.22-7.44), p = 0.016]. Conclusion: In female patients with CAD undergoing PCI, neurotensin has a U-shaped relationship with adverse outcomes. These data suggest a sex specific association between neurotensin and long-term adverse events after PCI.

3.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35212802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are at higher risk of adverse outcomes, but data are scarce in the era of newer-generation coronary stents. AIM: We sought to compare the clinical outcomes after complex PCI with a bioresorbable-polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (BP-SES) versus a durable-polymer everolimus-eluting stent (DP-EES). METHODS: Patients (n = 2350) from BIOFLOW-II, -IV, and -V randomized trials were categorized into non-complex PCI vs. complex PCI. Complex PCI had at least one of the following criteria: multi-vessel PCI, ≥ 3 lesions treated, ≥ 3 stents implanted, total stent length ≥ 60 mm. Endpoints were target lesion failure (TLF: cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction [TV-MI], or target lesion revascularization [TLR]) and probable/definite stent thrombosis (ST) at three years. RESULTS: Patients with complex PCI (n = 348) were older and presented more often with acute coronary syndrome than non-complex PCI patients (n = 2002). Complex PCI lesions were more often type B2/C and bifurcation lesions and required more pre- and post-dilatation. Complex PCI patients had higher rates of TLF (14.6% vs. 8.1%; aHR 1.89, 95% CI [1.31-2.73], p = 0.001), TV-MI (10.2% vs. 4.4%, aHR 2.17, 95% CI [1.40-3.37], p = 0.001), and ST (1.5% vs. 0.4%, p = 0.025) as compared with non-complex PCI. TLF was not lower with BP-SES as compared to DP-EES in complex PCI (12.6% vs 18.2%, p = 0.16). CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing complex PCI with the newer-generation DES still sustain a higher risk of TLF, TV-MI and stent thrombosis as compared with non-complex PCI. This adverse outcome was not significantly modified by the stent platform (BP-SES vs. DP-EES). CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrial.gov NCT01356888, NCT01939249, NCT02389946, https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01356888 ; https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01939249 ; https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT02389946 .

4.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 28: 10760296221074353, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35068227

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although initial reports concentrated on severe respiratory illness, emerging literature has indicated a substantially elevated risk of thromboembolic events in patients with COVID-19 disease. Pro-inflammatory cytokine release has been linked to endothelial dysfunction and activation of coagulation pathways, as evident by elevated D-dimer levels and deranged coagulation parameters. Both macrovascular and microvascular thromboses have been described in observational cohort and post-mortem studies. Concurrently, preliminary data have suggested the role of therapeutic anticoagulation in preventing major thromboembolic complications in moderately but not critically ill patients. However, pending results from randomized controlled trials, clear guidance is lacking regarding the intensity and duration of anticoagulation in such patients. Herein, we review the existing evidence on incidence and pathophysiology of COVID-19 related thromboembolic complications and guide anticoagulation therapy based on current literature and societal consensus statements.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , SARS-CoV-2 , Trombose/etiologia , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Coagulação Sanguínea , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Estado Terminal , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pandemias , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Trombose/epidemiologia , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle
5.
J Vasc Surg ; 75(2): 408-415.e1, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597784

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 infection results in a hypercoagulable state predisposing patients to thrombotic events. We report the 3- and 6-month follow-up of 27 patients who experienced acute arterial thrombotic events in the setting of COVID-19 infection. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected and maintained for all vascular surgery consultations in the Mount Sinai Health System from patients who presented between March 16 and May 5, 2020. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients experienced arterial thrombotic events. The average length of stay was 13.3 ± 15.4 days. Fourteen patients were treated with open surgical intervention, six were treated with endovascular intervention, and seven were treated with anticoagulation only. At 3-month follow-up, 11 patients (40.7%) were deceased. Nine patients who expired did so during the initial hospital stay. The 3-month cumulative primary patency rate for all interventions was 72.2%, and the 3-month primary patency rates for open surgical and endovascular interventions were 66.7 and 83.3, respectively. There were 9 (33.3%) readmissions within 3 months. Six-month follow-up was available in 25 (92.6%) patients. At 6-month follow-up, 12 (48.0%) patients were deceased, and the cumulative primary patency rate was 61.9%. The 6-month primary patency rates of open surgical and endovascular interventions were 66.7% and 55.6%, respectively. The limb-salvage rate at both 3 and 6 months was 89.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with COVID-19 infections who experienced thrombotic events saw high complication and mortality rates with relatively low patency rates.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , SARS-CoV-2 , Trombose/etiologia , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/fisiopatologia
6.
Angiology ; 73(5): 407-412, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617824

RESUMO

We assessed the clinical outcomes of patients with critical limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) who underwent interwoven nitinol stent (Supera) implantation for significant stenoses of the femoropopliteal segment. In this retrospective cohort study, 116 consecutive patients with CLTI who were treated with Supera stents between September 2015 and March 2020 were included in this analysis. Primary endpoint analysis was completed for amputation-free survival, target lesion revascularization (TLR), and mortality. After a mean follow-up time of 3.4 years, 21 (18%) patients had undergone amputations, 3 (2.6%) died, and, overall, the amputation-free survival rate was 81%. TLR occurred in 21 (18%) patients, resulting in the freedom from target lesion revascularization of 82%. The average Wagner score for all patients was 2.8 ± 1.1. A subgroup analysis of 57 patients revealed a median ulcer size of 3.0 cm2 [1.65, 9.0], with complete healing for 45 patients by 20 months. The Wagner score of this subgroup decreased by an average of 3.4 ± .9 points. Supera stents can be used together with other endovascular therapies and are a safe and effective treatment modality for CLTI.


Assuntos
Doença Arterial Periférica , Ligas , Amputação , Seguimentos , Humanos , Isquemia , Salvamento de Membro , Artéria Poplítea , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
7.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 133(23-24): 1289-1297, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671829

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), puts a heavy strain on healthcare systems around the globe with high numbers of infected patients. Pre-existing cardiovascular disease is a major risk factor for a severe clinical course of COVID-19 and is associated with adverse outcome. COVID-19 may directly exacerbate underlying heart disease and is frequently aggravated by cardiovascular complications, including arterial and venous thromboembolic events, malignant arrhythmia and myocardial injury. In addition to these direct cardiac manifestations of COVID-19, patients with cardiovascular disease face further indirect consequences of the pandemic, as the respective resources in the healthcare systems need to be redirected to cope with the high numbers of infected patients. Consecutively, a substantial decrease in cardiac procedures was reported during the pandemic with lower numbers of coronary angiographies and device implantations worldwide. As a consequence an increased number of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests, late-comers with subacute myocardial infarction and of patients presenting in cardiogenic shock or preshock were observed. Maintenance of high-quality cardiac care by avoiding a reduction of cardiac services is of utmost importance, especially in times of a pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Infarto do Miocárdio , Arritmias Cardíacas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
8.
JACC Case Rep ; 3(3): 425-426, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34317550

RESUMO

A patient with occlusion of the left superficial femoral artery (SFA) underwent endovascular intervention. Six-month follow-up angiography revealed aneurysmal dilatation of the previously stented artery. This finding may be a result of maladaptive vascular remodeling or arterial injury resulting in aneurysmal dilatation secondary to subintimal crossing, atherectomy, and paclitaxel therapies. (Level of Difficulty: Beginner.).

9.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 690476, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307502

RESUMO

Objective: We evaluated the short and long-term effect of peri-interventional dabigatran therapy on vasomotion, endothelialization, and neointimal formation in a porcine coronary artery stenting model. Background: Stenting of coronary arteries induces local inflammation, impairs vasomotion and delays endothelialization. Methods: Twenty-eight animals underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug eluting stents. Sixteen pigs started dabigatran therapy 4 days prior to PCI and continued for 4 days post-stenting, while 12 animals served as controls. Post-stenting dual antiplatelet therapy (75 mg clopidogrel and 100 mg aspirin) was continued in both groups until termination. Immediately post-stenting and at day 3 optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed in all animals, followed by euthanasia of 8 dabigatran and 4 control animals. The remaining pigs (8 of each group) were followed up for 1 month, with control angiography and OCT. Tissue burden (degree of peri-strut structure-thrombus and/or fibrin) was evaluated. After euthanasia coronary arteries were harvested for in-vitro myometry and histology. Results: Thrombin generation was lower (p < 0.001) and tissue burden (0.83 ± 0.98 vs. 3.0 ± 2.45; p = 0.031) was significantly decreased in dabigatran treated animals. After 3 days post-PCI endothelium-dependent vasodilation was significantly improved (77 ± 40% vs. 41 ± 31%, p = 0.02) in dabigatran animals. Neither quantitative angiography nor histomorphometry showed differences between the groups. Endothelialization was faster in the dabigatran group as compared with controls (p = 0.045). Conclusion: Short-term peri-interventional triple therapy with dabigatran, aspirin, and clopidogrel led to an enhanced endothelium dependent vasodilation and faster endothelialization. However, neointimal formation 1-month after stent implantation was comparable between groups.

10.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2021: 9047596, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34149323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy between the SpiderFX EPD and Emboshield NAV6 filter in the collection of embolic debris created from lower limb atherectomy procedures in patients with PAD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2014 and October 2015, 507 patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease were treated with directional atherectomy (SilverHawk), rotational atherectomy (JetStream), or laser atherectomy (Turbo Elite) based on operator discretion. Emboshield NAV6 (n = 161) and SpiderFX (n = 346) embolic protection devices were used with each of the 3 atherectomy devices. The primary study endpoint was 30-day freedom from major adverse events (MAEs). An MAE was defined as death, MI, TVR, thrombosis, dissection, distal embolization, perforation at the level of the filter, and unplanned amputation. A descriptive comparison of the MAE rates between Emboshield NAV6 and SpiderFX embolic protection devices was conducted. RESULTS: The freedom from major adverse event (MAE) rate was 92.0% (CI: 86.7%, 95.7%) in patients who received an Emboshield NAV6 filter compared to 91.6% (CI: 88.2%, 94.3%) in patients who received the SpiderFX filter (p=0.434). The lower limit of 86.7% freedom from major adverse event rate in the Emboshield NAV6 group was above the performance goal of 83% (p < 0.0008). CONCLUSIONS: There were no significant clinical outcome differences between Emboshield NAV6 and SpiderFX EPD filters in the treatment of lower extremities. This evaluation indicates the safety and efficacy to use either filter device to treat PAD patients with lower extremity lesions.


Assuntos
Aterectomia , Dispositivos de Proteção Embólica , Embolia , Artéria Femoral , Extremidade Inferior , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/métodos , Dispositivos de Proteção Embólica/efeitos adversos , Dispositivos de Proteção Embólica/classificação , Dispositivos de Proteção Embólica/estatística & dados numéricos , Embolia/etiologia , Embolia/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/patologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
JAMA Cardiol ; 6(9): 1032-1041, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991416

RESUMO

Importance: Shortened dual antiplatelet therapy followed by potent P2Y12 receptor inhibitor monotherapy reduces bleeding without increasing ischemic events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Objective: To explore sex differences and evaluate the association of sex with outcomes among patients treated with ticagrelor monotherapy vs ticagrelor plus aspirin. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a prespecified secondary analysis of TWILIGHT, an investigator-initiated, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial conducted at 187 sites across 11 countries. Study participants included patients who underwent successful PCI with drug-eluting stents, were planned for discharge with ticagrelor plus aspirin, and who had at least 1 clinical and at least 1 angiographic feature associated with high risk of ischemic or bleeding events. Data were analyzed from May to July 2020. Interventions: At 3 months after PCI, patients adherent to ticagrelor and aspirin without major adverse event were randomized to either aspirin or placebo for an additional 12 months along with ticagrelor. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding at 12 months after randomization. The primary ischemic end point was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Results: Of 9006 enrolled patients, 7119 underwent randomization (mean [SD] age, 63.9 [10.2] years; 5421 [76.1%] men). Women were older (mean [SD] age, 65.5 [9.6] years in women vs 63.4 [10.3] years in men) with higher prevalence of chronic kidney disease (347 women [21.2%] vs 764 men [14.7%]). The primary bleeding end point occurred more often in women than men (hazard ratio [HR], 1.32; 95% CI, 1.06-1.64; P = .01). After multivariate adjustment, incremental bleeding risk associated with female sex was no longer significant (adjusted HR, 1.20; 95% CI, 0.95-1.52; P = .12). Ischemic end points were similar between sexes. Ticagrelor plus placebo vs ticagrelor plus aspirin was associated with lower risk of BARC type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding in women (adjusted HR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.42-0.92; P = .02) and men (adjusted HR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.44-0.73; P < .001; P for interaction = .69). Ischemic end points were similar between treatment groups in both sexes. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that the higher bleeding risk in women compared with men was mostly attributable to baseline differences, whereas ischemic events were similar between sexes. In this high-risk PCI population, the benefits of early aspirin withdrawal with continuation of ticagrelor were generally comparable in women and men. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02270242.


Assuntos
Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Suspensão de Tratamento
12.
Am J Cardiol ; 148: 165-171, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667437

RESUMO

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) remains a major cause of morbidity and future cardiovascular events despite advancement in the surgical interventions and optimal medical therapy. The aim of our study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of anticoagulation (AC) therapy for reducing cardiovascular and limb events in patients with PAD. PUBMED, Medline, and Cochrane Library were searched through 2020 for randomized clinical trials comparing major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and risk of major bleeding (MB), between AC and standard of care (SOC) therapy, among patients with PAD. Meta-analysis was performed using weighted pooled absolute risk difference (RD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) and fixed effects model for overall and sub-groups of full dose (FD) and low dose (LD) AC therapies. Amongst 17,684 patients from 7 different studies, the addition of AC to SOC therapy was associated with MACE reduction (RD -0.022, 95% CI -0.033 to -0.012, p <0.001) and increased MB (RD 0.02, 95% CI 0.014 to 0.025, p <0.001). For FD, MACE reduction was (RD -0.021, 95% CI -0.042 to 0.001, p = 0.061) and MB (RD 0.036, 95% CI 0.025 to 0.047, p <0.001). For LD, MACE reduction was (RD -0.023, 95% CI -0.035 to -0.011, p <0.001) and MB (RD 0.011, 95% CI 0.005 to 0.017, p <0.001). In conclusion, addition of AC to the current SOC therapy can mitigate future MACE events in patients with PAD albeit at risk of increased bleeding. LD AC is associated with an efficacy/safety net benefit compared to FD AC therapy.


Assuntos
Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 1076029620986877, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783244

RESUMO

New York City was one of the epicenters of the COVID-19 pandemic. The management of peripheral artery disease (PAD) during this time has been a major challenge for health care systems and medical personnel. This document is based on the experiences of experts from various medical fields involved in the treatment of patients with PAD practicing in hospitals across New York City during the outbreak. The recommendations are based on certain aspects including the COVID-19 infection status as well as the clinical PAD presentation of the patient. Our case-based algorithm aims at guiding the treatment of patients with PAD during the pandemic in a safe and efficient way.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Doença Arterial Periférica , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , Humanos , Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/virologia
14.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 10, 2021 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the association of insulin resistance (IR) with coronary plaque morphology and the risk of cardiovascular events in patients enrolled in the Providing Regional Observations to Study Predictors of Events in Coronary Tree (PROSPECT) study. METHODS: Patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) were divided based on DM status. Non-DM patients were further stratified according to homeostasis-model-assessment IR (HOMA-IR) index as insulin sensitive (IS; HOMA-IR ≤ 2), likely-IR (LIR; 2 < HOMA-IR < 5), or diabetic-IR (DIR; HOMA-IR ≥ 5). Coronary plaque characteristics were investigated by intravascular ultrasound. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE); a composite of cardiac death, cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, and rehospitalization for unstable/progressive angina. RESULTS: Among non-diabetic patients, 109 patients (21.5%) were categorized as LIR, and 65 patients (12.8%) as DIR. Patients with DIR or DM had significantly higher rates of echolucent plaque compared with LIR and IS. In addition, DIR and DM were independently associated with increased risk of MACE compared with IS (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 2.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22-4.29, p = 0.01 and aHR 2.12, 95% CI 1.19-3.75, p = 0.009, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: IR is common among patients with ACS. DM and advanced but not early stages of IR are independently associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00180466.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Resistência à Insulina , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Placa Aterosclerótica , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(2): 172-181, 2021 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478633

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with the LOTUS Edge system. BACKGROUND: The LOTUS Edge system was commercially re-released in April 2019. The authors report the first European experience with this device. METHODS: A multicenter, single-arm, retrospective registry was initiated to evaluate short-term clinical outcomes. Included cases are the first experience with this device and new implantation technique in Europe. Clinical, echocardiographic, and computed tomographic data were analyzed. Endpoints were defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 and were site reported. RESULTS: Between April and November 2019, 286 consecutive patients undergoing TAVR with the LOTUS Edge system at 18 European centers were included. The mean age and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score were 81.2 ± 6.9 years and 5.2 ± 5.4%, respectively. Nearly one-half of all patients (47.9%) were considered to have complex anatomy. Thirty-day major adverse events included death (2.4% [n = 7]) and stroke (3.5% [n = 10]). After TAVR, the mean aortic valve area was 1.9 ± 0.9 cm2, and the mean transvalvular gradient was 11.9 ± 5.7 mm Hg. None or trace paravalvular leak (PVL) occurred in 84.4% and moderate PVL in 2.0%. There were no cases of severe PVL. New permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation was required in 25.9% among all patients and 30.8% among PPM-naive patients. CONCLUSIONS: Early experience with the LOTUS Edge system demonstrated satisfactory short-term safety and efficacy, favorable hemodynamic data, and very low rates of PVL in an anatomically complex cohort. New PPM implantation remained high. Further study will evaluate if increasing operator experience with the device and new implantation technique can reduce the incidence of PPM implantation.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
EuroIntervention ; 17(5): e418-e424, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critical culprit lesion locations (CCLL) such as left main (LM) and proximal left anterior descending (LAD) are associated with worse clinical outcome in myocardial infarction without cardiogenic shock (CS). AIMS: We aimed to assess whether CCLL identify a subgroup of patients with poorer prognosis when presenting with CS. METHODS: In the CULPRIT-SHOCK trial, a core laboratory reviewed all coronary angiograms to identify CCLL. A CCLL was defined as a culprit lesion with a >70% diameter stenosis of the LM, LM equivalent (>70% diameter stenosis of both proximal LAD and proximal circumflex), proximal LAD or last remaining vessel. We evaluated the primary study endpoint of the CULPRIT-SHOCK trial according to CCLL. RESULTS: A total of 269 (43%) out of 626 patients eligible for this analysis had a CCLL. Death or renal replacement therapy within 30 days, death within 30 days and death within one year were significantly higher in the CCLL than in the non-CCLL group (58.4% vs 43.4%, p<0.001, 55.8% vs 39.5%, p<0.001, 61.0% vs 44.5%, p<0.001, respectively). This was consistent after adjustment for baseline and angiographic characteristics. No interaction with the randomisation group (culprit lesion-only or immediate multivessel PCI) was found. CONCLUSIONS: CCLL is frequent in CS and independently associated with worse clinical outcomes irrespective of the revascularisation strategy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT01927549.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Laboratórios , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97(7): 1341-1351, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the 1-year outcomes of three everolimus-eluting stents (EES) for complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether contemporary bioresorbable-polymer drug-eluting stents (BP-DES) are associated with better outcomes compared with durable-polymer DES (DP-DES). METHODS: Patients undergoing PCI with cobalt-chromium (CoCr)-DP-EES (Xience), platinum-chromium (PtCr)-DP-EES (Promus), or PtCr-BP-EES (Synergy) at one high-volume institution between 2015 and 2017 were included. The primary endpoint was 1-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE), a composite of death, myocardial infarction, and target-vessel revascularization. Associations were also examined in patients undergoing complex PCI. Multivariable analysis was conducted to adjust for baseline differences across groups. RESULTS: We included n = 5,446 patients (CoCr-DP-EES, n = 3,177; PtCr-DP-EES, n = 1,555; PtCr-BP-EES, n = 714). Patients treated with PtCr-BP-EES had higher comorbidity burden and procedural complexity. At 1 year, MACE rates were 8.9% for CoCr-DP-EES versus 8.9% for PtCr-DP-EES versus 8.6% for PtCr-BP-EES (p = .97). The incidence of definite/probable stent thrombosis (ST) was also similar (0.6 vs. 0.4 vs. 0.3%, p = .69). Complex PCI was performed in n = 2,894/5,446 (53.1%). At 1 year, MACE rates were 11.5 versus 10.7 versus 10.3%, respectively (p = .83). The incidence of definite/probable ST was also similar (0.9 vs. 0.3 vs. 0.3%, p = .22). On multivariable analysis, stent type was not an independent predictor of MACE either in the overall or in the complex PCI population. CONCLUSIONS: We observed comparable 1-year rates of MACE and definite/probable ST in patients undergoing PCI with CoCr-DP-EES, PtCr-DP-EES, and PtCr-BP-EES. Results were unchanged among patients undergoing complex PCI. Future multicenter randomized studies should confirm and extend our findings.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
JAMA Cardiol ; 5(12): 1329-1337, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32845312

RESUMO

Importance: Myocardial infarction with a culprit lesion located in the left main or proximal left anterior descending artery compared with other coronary segments is associated with more myocardium at risk and worse clinical outcomes. Objective: To evaluate the association of culprit lesion location with outcomes of culprit-lesion-only percutaneous coronary intervention with optional staged revascularization vs immediate multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with multivessel disease, myocardial infarction, and cardiogenic shock. Design, Setting, and Participants: Post hoc analysis of the Culprit Lesion Only Coronary Intervention vs Multivessel Coronary Intervention in Cardiogenic Shock (CULPRIT-SHOCK), an investigator-initiated randomized, open-label clinical trial. Patients with multivessel disease, acute myocardial infarction, and cardiogenic shock were enrolled at 83 European centers from April 2013 through April 2017. Interventions: Patients were randomized to culprit-lesion-only percutaneous coronary intervention with optional staged revascularization or immediate multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention (1:1). For this analysis, patients were stratified by culprit lesion location in the left main or proximal left anterior descending artery group and other-culprit-lesion location group. Main Outcomes and Measures: End points included a composite of death or kidney replacement therapy at 30 days and death at 1 year. Results: The median age of the study population was 70 (interquartile range, 60-78 years) and 524 of the study participants were men (76.4%). Of the 685 patients, 33.4% constituted the left main or proximal left anterior descending artery group and 66.6% the other-culprit-lesion location group. The left main or proximal left anterior descending artery group had worse outcomes compared with the other-culprit-lesion location group (56.8% vs 47.5%; P = .02 for the composite end point at 30 days and 59.8% vs 50.1%; P = .02 for death at 1 year). In both groups, culprit-lesion-only vs immediate multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention was associated with a reduced risk of the composite end point at 30 days (49.1% vs 64.3% and 44.1% vs 50.9%; P for interaction = .27). At 1 year, culprit-lesion-only vs immediate multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention was associated with a significantly reduced risk of death in the left main or proximal left anterior descending artery but not the other-culprit-lesion location group (50.0% vs 69.6%; P = .003 and 49.8% vs 50.4%; P = .89; P for interaction = 0.02). Conclusions and Relevance: In patients with multivessel disease with myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock, a culprit lesion located in the left main or proximal left anterior descending artery vs other coronary segments was associated with worse outcomes. These patients may especially benefit from culprit-lesion-only percutaneous coronary intervention with optional staged revascularization, although further investigation is needed to confirm this finding. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01927549.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Choque Cardiogênico/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Thromb Res ; 196: 31-37, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Von Willebrand factor (VWF) and its cleaving protease a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type I repeats 13 (ADAMTS13) are pivotal mediators of thrombosis and are associated with the progression of atherosclerosis. We investigated the impact of VWF, ADAMTS13 and VWF/ADAMTS13 on long-term major adverse cardiovascular outcomes (MACE) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We analysed 701 patients undergoing PCI between 2003 and 2006. VWF and ADAMTS13 antigen levels were measured before PCI. As primary endpoint, we investigated MACE, a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke during 8 years of follow-up. As secondary endpoint, we investigated all-cause mortality. RESULTS: Mean age was 63.8 years, 496 (70.8%) were male. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) was diagnosed in 347 (49.5%) patients, stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) in 354 (50.5%). During follow-up 228 (32.5%) patients experienced MACE, and 161 (23.0%) died. In ACS patients, VWF was significantly associated with MACE (HR 1.402 (95%CI 1.003-1.959), p = 0.048), whereas ADAMTS13 and VWF/ADAMTS13 had no predictive value. In SCAD, neither VWF, ADAMTS13, nor VWF/ADAMTS13 correlated with MACE. VWF was significantly associated with all-cause death in ACS patients (HR 1.841 (95%CI 1.187-2.856), p = 0.006), but not in SCAD (1.394 (95%CI 0.856-2.269), p = 0.181). ADAMTS13 and VWF/ADAMTS13 were not correlated with ACS and SCAD, respectively. CONCLUSION: VWF but not ADAMTS13 and VWF/ADAMTS13 was associated with MACE and mortality in patients with ACS but not SCAD. This finding highlights the importance of VWF as an essential marker of risk in patients with ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Proteína ADAMTS13 , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Fator de von Willebrand
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