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Int J Gen Med ; 15: 5073-5087, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35615469


Background: Dysregulated immunity is a hallmark of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Immune suppression is indicated by low monocyte expression of human leukocyte antigen D-related (mHLA-DR). T cells are important antiviral cells. We aimed to assess the role of mHLA-DR and T lymphocyte frequency in predicting COVID-19 severity. Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 97 SARS-CoV-2 positive patients, including mild to moderate (n = 49) and severe cases admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) (n = 48). These ICU cases were further subdivided into survivors (n = 35) and non-survivors (n = 13). Results: Severe cases had a significant decrease in the mHLA-DR mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) and T lymphocyte percentage compared to mild to moderate cases (P<0.001). Non-survivors had a lower T lymphocyte percentage (P=0.004) than survivors. The mHLA-DR MFI and T lymphocyte percentage correlated with oxygen saturation (r=0.632, P<0.001) and (r=0.669, P<0.001), respectively. According to the ROC curves, mHLA-DR MFI, at a cutoff of 143 and an AUC of 0.9, is a reliable biomarker for distinguishing severe COVID-19 cases, with 89.6% sensitivity and 81.6% specificity, while T lymphocyte frequency had 81.3% sensitivity and 81.6% specificity at a cutoff of 54.4% and an AUC of 0.9. The T lymphocyte percentage as a predictor of ICU survival at a cutoff of 38.995% exhibited 100% sensitivity and 57.1% specificity. According to multivariate regression analysis, reduced mHLA-DR MFI and T lymphocyte percentage are independent predictors of COVID-19 severity (OR = 0.976, 95% CI: 0.955-0.997, P = 0.025) and (OR = 0.849, 95% CI: 0.741-0.972, P = 0.018), respectively. Conclusion: Reduced mHLA-DR expression and T-lymphocyte percentage are independent predictors of COVID-19 severity. Oxygen saturation percentage is correlated with mHLA-DR MFI and T lymphocyte frequency. The T lymphocyte frequency is a proposed predictor of COVID-19 survival in ICU admitted patients.

Biomark Med ; 16(8): 589-597, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35350852


Aim: To investigate the change in a serum level of copeptin, a neuroendocrine biomarker, in differentiating grades of COVID-19 severity on admission time and to find its diagnostic potential. Materials & Methods: 160 COVID-19 patients were classified according to disease severity into 80 mild to moderate and 80 severe patients. Serum copeptin level was assessed by ELISA on their admission time. Besides, serum CRP, ferritin and D-dimer were estimated. Results: Severe COVID-19 patients showed higher serum copeptin level in comparison to mild to moderate cases, with diagnostic potential to distinguish disease severity with 93.33% sensitivity and 100% specificity at cutoff value >18.5 Pmol/l. Conclusion: Serum copeptin was remarkably increased with COVID-19 severity with reasonable differentiation potential for recently admitted patients.

We conducted a biochemical study on the role of copeptin ­ a biomarker of acute stress due to COVID-19 infection ­ in classification of COVID-19 severity on admission over 160 adult patients. Copeptin was highly elevated in severe cases more than the mild to moderate ones. So, it may be an early marker in admission departments to ease early clinical decisions and medical intervention.

COVID-19 , Biomarcadores , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Glicopeptídeos , Humanos , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença