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1.
Immun Ageing ; 10(1): 22, 2013 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23758797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with complex and constant remodeling of the immune function, resulting in an increasing susceptibility to infection and others diseases. The infections caused by Gram-negative microorganisms, present in nursing homes and hospitals, constitute one of the most common infections in the elderly, and are mainly combated by innate immune cells. Although the functions of innate immunity seem more preserved during aging than of adaptive immune mechanisms, two systems operate in an integrated way in the body, so that injury in one part of the immune system inevitably affects the other as they are part of a defensive network. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro production of proinflammatory (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, CXCL-8 and MCP-1) and anti-inflammatory (TGF-ß and IL-10) cytokines by monocytes, stimulated or not (basal) with lipopolysaccharide, from healthy young and elderly subjects. By means of PBMCs, we also studied if cytokine profile is altered in these different patient groups, in the presence of lymphocytes, under the same experimental conditions. RESULTS: The monocytes from elderly presented higher basal production of TNF-α, MCP-1 and lower of TGF-ß than young monocytes. PBMC showed similar cytokines production, irrespective age or stimulation presence. In the presence of lymphocytes, the spontaneous production of IL-10 was higher and of TGF-ß was lower than monocytes, regardless of age. After LPS-stimulation, the presence of lymphocytes resulted in increased IL-6, IL-1ß, MCP-1 and IL-10 and decreased CXCL-8 and TGF-ß in comparison to pure culture of monocytes from young patients. With age, the same differences were observed, except for CXCL-8 and TGF-ß which production was the same between monocytes and PBMC stimulated with LPS. CONCLUSION: These findings reinforce the systemic state of inflamm-aging frequently reported in elderly and considered a factor of susceptibility to numerous diseases. Still, the cytokine production from just monocytes of the elderly showed alterations, while in the lymphocyte presence not, suggesting an immunomodulator role of lymphocytes on monocytes. In addition, the differences between the production patterns by LPS-stimulated PBMC between young and elderly volunteers can be related with an imbalance in response against Gram-negative bacteria in throughout life.

2.
Bauru; s.n; 2011. 135 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-865844

RESUMO

Estomatite protética associada a Cândida (EPC), a lesão mais frequente em usuários de próteses removíveis, principalmente os idosos, caracteriza-se por uma inflamação da mucosa bucal que suporta a prótese. Está fortemente associada com Candida Albicans, bem como com fatores locais e sistêmicos, como a deficiência da resposta imune. Os monócitos são importantes na resposta protetora contra o fungo, produzindo citocinas que recrutam e ativam leucócitos. Existem alterações funcionais dessas células com o avanço da idade. Não foi possível encontrar na literatura dados referentes à função imunomodulatória dos monócitos de idosos com EPC. O presente trabalho pretendeu avaliar a produção de citocinas por essas células, estimuladas in vitro com C. albicans, obtidas do sangue periférico de idosos usuários de prótese total superior (PTS) com EPC, comparando-se com idosos usuários de PTS sem EPC, e com idosos e jovens não usuários de PTS. Os monócitos isolados foram cultivados em placas de cultura de 24 poços, na ausência ou presença de lipopolissacarídeo (LPS) ou C. albicans ATCC 90028 morta pelo calor. Após 18 horas, o sobrenadante foi coletado e submetido ao ensaio de imunoabsorção por ligação enzimática (ELISA) para dosagem das citocinas pró- inflamatórias fator de necrose tumoral- (TNF-), interleucina-6 (IL-6), IL-1, CXCL8 e proteína quimiotática de monócito (MCP-1), e anti-inflamatórias IL-10 e fator transformador de crescimento- (TGF-). Os resultados estão expressos como média ± desvio padrão dos valores obtidos para cada grupo, e foram analisados por meio de testes estatísticos não-paramétricos. Valores de p<0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Os resultados demonstraram, de uma forma geral, alterações nos monócitos oriundos dos idosos com EPC, em comparação aos outros grupos: menor produção espontânea de CXCL8 e de MCP-1; menores níveis de TNF-, de IL-6, de IL-1, de CXCL8, de MCP-1 e de IL-10, após estímulo com LPS; e menor...


Candida-associated denture stomatitis (DS), the most frequent lesion among denture wearers, especially the elderly, is characterized by inflammation of the denture-bearing mucosa. It is strongly associated with Candida albicans, as well as with local and systemic factors, such as impaired immune response. Monocytes are important in the protective immune response against the fungus, by the production of cytokines that recruit and activate leukocytes. There are functional changes of these cells with advancing age. No data were found in the literature concerning the immunomodulatory function of these phagocytes in elderly patients with DS. This study aimed to evaluate the cytokine production by monocytes, challenged in vitro with C. albicans, obtained from peripheral blood of elderly denture wearers with DS, compared with elderly denture wearers without DS and elderly and young non-denture wearers. The isolated monocytes were cultivated in 24-well flat-bottomed culture plates, in the absence or presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or heat-killed C.albicans ATCC 90028. After 18 hours, the supernatant was collected and submitted to the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for determination of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-), interleukin-6 (IL-6), CXCL8, IL-1, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and transforming growth factor- (TGF-). The results are expressed as mean ± standard deviation of the values obtained for each group, and were analyzed using nonparametric statistical tests; p values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. The results demonstrated, in general, changes in monocytes from the elderly with DS, as compared to other groups: lower spontaneous production of CXCL8 and MCP-1; lower levels of TNF-, IL-6, IL-1, CXCL8, MCP-1 and IL-10 after stimulation with LPS; and reduced production of TNF- and IL-6 after stimulation with C. albicans. Comparing...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Candida albicans/imunologia , Citocinas/biossíntese , Estomatite sob Prótese/imunologia , Monócitos/metabolismo , Fatores Etários , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Imunofluorescência , Prótese Total Superior/microbiologia
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