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1.
J Ovarian Res ; 13(1): 25, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a rare, yet severe, iatrogenic complication of ovulation induction therapy during assisted reproductive procedures. Our group previously detected atypical cells in the ascitic fluid of OHSS patients, although no malignancy developed during follow up. Here, the aim was to perform a comparative analysis of the cytokines present in the abdominal fluid of patients affected by OHSS versus patients with advanced ovarian cancer, a benign adnexal mass, or ovarian endometriosis. METHODS: This prospective, non-randomized study was conducted at the Clinical Center of the University of Pecs Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology/Reproductive Center between October 2016 and March 2018. Abdominal fluid samples were obtained from 76 patients and subjected to Luminex analysis. The samples were collected from patients with OHSS (OHSS; n = 16), advanced ovarian cancer (OC; n = 22), a benign adnexal mass (BAM; n = 21), or ovarian endometriosis (EM; n = 17). Data were subjected to the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient to identify statistical differences between the four study groups. RESULTS: Leukocytosis and hemoconcentration were detected in the peripheral blood of OHSS patients. Abdominal fluid analysis further revealed significantly higher levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß in both the OHSS and OC groups compared to the BAM and EM groups. The highest concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was detected in the OC group, while a significantly lower level was detected in the OHSS group. Moreover, VEGF levels in OC and OHSS groups were significantly elevated compared to the levels in the BAM and EM groups. CONCLUSIONS: Vasoactive and hematogenic cytokines were present at higher levels in both the OHSS and OC abdominal fluid samples compared to the fluid samples obtained from the peritoneal cavity of the BAM patients. It is possible that these cytokines play an important role in the formation of ascites.

2.
Clin Exp Med ; 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32108916

RESUMO

Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection is associated with increased TIM-3, PD-1 immune checkpoint receptors expression that inhibits adaptive T cells and increases NK cell cytotoxicity against T helper cells, both resulting T cell exhaustion. Elimination of the virus with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) may modify host immune response via altering these immune checkpoint receptors' expression. We conducted a prospective study to analyze changes in TIM-3, PD-1 and their ligands galectin-9, PD-L1 expression by peripheral blood T cell subpopulations, NK cell subpopulations, and monocytes by multicolor flow cytometry in 14 CHC patients successfully treated with 12 weeks of dasabuvir, ombitasvir, and paritaprevir/ritonavir plus ribavirin. Blood samples were collected before, at the end of treatment, and 12 and 24 weeks later. Sustained virological response (SVR) was associated with increased percentage of peripheral blood CD3+ T and CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes and decreased percentage of NKbright cells. After DAA treatment, decreased TIM-3 expression by CD4+ T cells, by NKbright, and by NKT cells was found. Expression of immune checkpoint molecules' ligand PD-L1 by NK cells and by regulatory T cells and galectin-9 by NK cells and monocytes also decreased significantly at SVR. Our data suggest that DAA treatment not only inhibits viral replication but may alter host adaptive and innate immune responses. A decrease in immune checkpoint molecules and their ligands expression both on adaptive and on innate immune cells may contribute to the recovery of exhausted adaptive immune responses and to sustained virological response.

3.
BMJ Open ; 10(1): e029660, 2020 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911510

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a life-threatening inflammatory disease of the exocrine pancreas which needs acute hospitalisation. Despite its importance, we have significant lack of knowledge whether the lifestyle factors elevate or decrease the risk of AP or influence the disease outcome. So far, no synthetising study has been carried out examining associations between socioeconomic factors, dietary habits, physical activity, chronic stress, sleep quality and AP. Accordingly, LIFESPAN identifies risk factors of acute pancreatitis and helps to prepare preventive recommendations for lifestyle elements. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: LIFESPAN is an observational, multicentre international case-control study. Participating subjects will create case and control groups. The study protocol was designed according to the SPIRIT guideline. Patients in the case group (n=1700) have suffered from AP (alcohol-induced, n=500; biliary, n=500; hypertriglyceridemiainduced, n=200; other, n=500); the control group subjects have no AP in their medical history. Our study will have three major control groups (n=2200): hospital-based (n=500), population-based (n=500) and aetiology-based (alcohol, n=500; biliary, n=500 and hypertriglyceridemia, n=200). All of them will be matched to the case group individually by gender, age and location of residence. Aggregately, 3900 subjects will be enrolled into the study. The study participants will complete a complex questionnaire with the help of a clinical research administrator/study nurse. Analysis methods include analysis of the continuous and categorical values. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has obtained the relevant ethical approval (54175-2/2018/EKU) and also internationally registered (ISRCTN25940508). After obtaining the final conclusions, we will publish the data to the medical community and will also disseminate our results via open access. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN25940508; Pre-results.

4.
Pharmacol Ther ; : 107474, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926897

RESUMO

Antagonists of the transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) channel alter body temperature (Tb) in laboratory animals and humans: most cause hyperthermia; some produce hypothermia; and yet others have no effect. TRPV1 can be activated by capsaicin (CAP), protons (low pH), and heat. First-generation (polymodal) TRPV1 antagonists potently block all three TRPV1 activation modes. Second-generation (mode-selective) TRPV1 antagonists potently block channel activation by CAP, but exert different effects (e.g., potentiation, no effect, or low-potency inhibition) in the proton mode, heat mode, or both. Based on our earlier studies in rats, only one mode of TRPV1 activation - by protons - is involved in thermoregulatory responses to TRPV1 antagonists. In rats, compounds that potently block, potentiate, or have no effect on proton activation cause hyperthermia, hypothermia, or no effect on Tb, respectively. A Tb response occurs when a TRPV1 antagonist blocks (in case of hyperthermia) or potentiates (hypothermia) the tonic TRPV1 activation by protons somewhere in the trunk, perhaps in muscles, and - via the acido-antithermogenic and acido-antivasoconstrictor reflexes - modulates thermogenesis and skin vasoconstriction. In this work, we used a mathematical model to analyze Tb data from human clinical trials of TRPV1 antagonists. The analysis suggests that, in humans, the hyperthermic effect depends on the antagonist's potency to block TRPV1 activation not only by protons, but also by heat, while the CAP activation mode is uninvolved. Whereas in rats TRPV1 drives thermoeffectors by mediating pH signals from the trunk, but not Tb signals, our analysis suggests that TRPV1 mediates both pH and thermal signals driving thermoregulation in humans. Hence, in humans (but not in rats), TRPV1 is likely to serve as a thermosensor of the thermoregulation system. We also conducted a meta-analysis of Tb data from human trials and found that polymodal TRPV1 antagonists (ABT-102, AZD1386, and V116517) increase Tb, whereas the mode-selective blocker NEO6860 does not. Several strategies of harnessing the thermoregulatory effects of TRPV1 antagonists in humans are discussed.

5.
Neuropediatrics ; 51(1): 30-36, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639881

RESUMO

AIM: We aimed to examine the occurrence of cerebral palsy (CP) in children with West syndrome (WS), to estimate the possible causative factors by analyzing the neuroimaging examinations of patients, to evaluate their cognitive/motor function and epileptic status and to compare the prognosis of children with double pathology of WS and CP and of those without CP. METHODS: The clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data of 62 patients with West syndrome were evaluated. A total of 39 of 62 patients (63%) suffered from CP (CP group). The non-CP group included 23 patients. RESULTS: Abnormal MRI was found in 55/62 (89%) patients. Main anomalies were: brain malformation (21), hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (13), cerebrovascular insult (8), infection (7), and other anomalies (6). In the CP group, the most common MRI abnormalities included pre/perinatal hypoxia/ischemia, brain malformation, cerebrovascular insult, and infection. In the non-CP group, brain malformations were the most frequent. Significantly more negative MRIs were found in the non-CP group. More than 60% of the patients were severely cognitively impaired, almost 90% of them had CP. Not only the occurrence of intellectual disability was lower in the non-CP group, but its severity was milder as well. A total of 78% of the children with CP had a very severe motor disability. Fifty-four percent in the CP and 67% in the non-CP group had therapy-resistant epilepsy. CONCLUSION: WS has an especially unfavorable prognosis: cerebral anomaly was confirmed in 89% of our patients. CP was present in almost two-thirds of the children with WS, most of them had severe cognitive and motor deficits.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683468

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With the aging of the population, the screening of frail patients, especially before high-risk surgery, come to the fore. The background of the frail state is not totally clear, most likely inflammatory processes are involved in the development. METHODS: Our survey of patients over age of 65 who were on cardiac surgery were performed with Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS). Patients' demographic, perioperative data, incidence of complications and correlations of inflammatory laboratory parameters were studied with the severity of the frail state. RESULTS: On the basis of EFS, 313 patients were divided into non-frail (NF,163,52%), pre-frail (PF,89,28.5%) and frail (F,61,19.5%) groups. Number of complications in the three groups were different (NF:0.67/patient, PF:0.76/patient, F:1.08/patient). We showed significant difference between NF and F in both intensive care and hospital stay, but there was no statistical difference between the groups in hospital deaths (NF:5/163, PF:3/89, F:5/61). We also found a significant difference between NF and F patients in preoperative fibrinogen-, CRP- and white blood cell count levels. CONCLUSIONS: We first present the incidence of frailty in patients with heart surgery in a Central-European population. According to our results, inflammatory processes are likely to play a role in the development of the frail state.

7.
Front Physiol ; 10: 1092, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551798

RESUMO

Background: C-reactive protein level (CRP) and white blood cell count (WBC) have been variably used in clinical trials on acute pancreatitis (AP). We assessed their potential role. Methods: First, we investigated studies which have used CRP or WBC, to describe their current role in trials on AP. Second, we extracted the data of 1435 episodes of AP from our registry. CRP and WBC on admission, within 24 h from the onset of pain and their highest values were analyzed. Descriptive statistical tools as Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, Levene's F tests, Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and AUC (Area Under the Curve) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were performed. Results: Our literature review showed extreme variability of CRP used as an inclusion criterion or as a primary outcome or both in past and current trials on AP. In our cohort, CRP levels on admission poorly predicted mortality and severe cases of AP; AUC: 0.669 (CI:0.569-0.770); AUC:0.681 (CI: 0.601-0.761), respectively. CRP levels measured within 24 h from the onset of pain failed to predict mortality or severity; AUC: 0.741 (CI:0.627-0.854); AUC:0.690 (CI:0.586-0.793), respectively. The highest CRP during hospitalization had equally poor predictive accuracy for mortality and severity AUC:0.656 (CI:0.544-0.768); AUC:0.705 (CI:0.640-0.769) respectively. CRP within 24 h from the onset of pain used as an inclusion criterion markedly increased the combined event rate of mortality and severe AP (13% for CRP > 25 mg/l and 28% for CRP > 200 mg/l). Conclusion: CRP within 24 h from the onset of pain as an inclusion criterion elevates event rates and reduces the number of patients required in trials on AP.

8.
Front Physiol ; 10: 1028, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481896

RESUMO

Background: The Baveno VI Consensus Workshop defined criteria (liver stiffness measured by transient elastography <20 kPa and platelet count >150 × 109 cells/L) to identify those patients with compensated advanced chronic liver diseases (cACLD) who are unlikely to have varices needing treatment (VNTs) and can safely avoid variceal screening endoscopy. This meta-analysis aimed to quantify the safety and efficacy of these criteria in suspected cACLD with liver stiffness >10 kPa and in compensated chronic liver diseases (cCLD) irrespective of liver stiffness. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in nine databases for studies discussed cACLD or cCLD and tested Baveno criteria against variceal screening endoscopy. The main safety and efficacy endpoints were missed VNT rate and spared endoscopy rate (SER), respectively; calculated with the random effect model. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) were calculated with the hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic model. For all outcome measures, 95% confidence intervals were computed. Heterogeneity was tested with I 2-statistics. Results: The search yielded 13 studies including 4,464 patients which reported on suspected cACLD. Pooled missed VNT rate was 0.3% (0.1-0.6%; I 2 = 45.5%), pooled SER was 32.8% (24.8-41.4%; I 2 = 97.0%). Sensitivity, specificity, and AUC of Baveno criteria were 97% (95-98%), 41% (27-57%), and 96% (94-97%), respectively. In the subgroups of cACLD from hepatitis C and B viruses, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease/steatohepatitis, or alcohol, missed VNT rates were 0.0% (0.0-0.3%), 1.2% (0.4-2.2%), 0.0% (0.0-1.3%), or 0.0% (0.0-0.4%), while SERs were 24.2% (20.5-28.1%), 24.9% (21.7-28.4%), 38.6% (10.9-70.8%), or 27.0% (16.9-38.4%), respectively. If we expanded the study population to cCLD, 27 studies included 7,534 patients. Missed VNT rate was 0.2% (0.1-0.5%; I 2 = 39.8%) with a SER of 30.5% (25.2-36.2%; I 2 = 96.1%) while Se, Sp, and AUC were 97% (93-99%), 35% (27-44%), and 80% (77-84%), respectively. Conclusions: The application of Baveno criteria significantly reduces the number of unnecessary variceal screening endoscopies while being safe: cACLD patients with liver stiffness <20 kPa and platelet count > 150 × 109 cells/L carry a very low chance (i.e., 0.3%) of having VNTs. The criteria preserve low missed VNT rate with lower diagnostic performance among cCLD patients.

9.
Int Urogynecol J ; 30(12): 2109-2120, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359116

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) has been used for clinical and research purposes in many countries. The aim of this study was to translate, adapt and perform a psychometric validation of a Hungarian version of the FSFI. METHODS: The FSFI was translated into Hungarian, and its precision was ascertained through reverse translation by an expert team. As a first step, 40 volunteers participated in an evaluation of the test-retest reliability of the Hungarian version over a 2-week period. After that, 418 (331 control and 87 with pelvic organ prolapse) women who had been in a stable sexual relationship in the previous 4 weeks participated in the study. The data were summarized using descriptive statistics. The structure validity was examined by confirmatory factor analysis, with which we tested the hypothesized original factor structure, using maximum likelihood model estimation. We calculated the Comparative Fit Index (CFI), root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), standardized root mean residual and Akaike information criterion (AIC). To test the internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha coefficients of the full scale were determined. Spearman's rank correlation was used for testing divergent validity and Mann-Whitney U-test for examining discriminant validity. RESULTS: The FSFI was easily understandable and acceptable as well as capable of adequately evaluating and measuring various aspects of female sexual functioning. A high degree of internal consistency was demonstrated by the Cronbach's alpha value (0.963). CONCLUSION: The FSFI Hungarian version is a valid tool that measures the same functioning as the original English questionnaire.

10.
Dig Liver Dis ; 51(8): 1086-1095, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the high rate of postoperative recurrence (POR) in Crohn's disease (CD), there is no widely accepted consensus on its prevention. AIM: To compare the efficacy of biological and conventional therapies in preventing POR of CD. METHODS: We searched four electronic databases up to April 2019 for articles that examined the efficacy of different preventive therapies against POR. Our PICO was: (P) adults with CD who underwent intestinal resection, (I) biological agents, (C) conventional therapies or a placebo, and (O) clinical, endoscopic, and histological POR. RESULTS: Anti-TNFα agents were significantly better in preventing clinical, endoscopic, severe endoscopic and histological POR compared to conventional therapies (OR: 0.508, 95% CI: 0.309-0.834, P = 0.007; OR: 0.312, 95% CI: 0.199-0.380, P < 0.001; OR: 0.195, 95% CI: 0.107-0.356, P < 0.001; and OR: 0.255, 95% CI: 0.106-0.611, P = 0.002, respectively), as well as in the subgroup of nonselected CD patients (OR: 0.324, 95% CI: 0.158-0.664, P = 0.002; OR: 0.225, 95% CI: 0.124-0.409, P < 0.001; and OR: 0.248, 95% CI: 0.070-0.877, P = 0.031, respectively). Infliximab and adalimumab proved to be equally effective in preventing endoscopic POR. CONCLUSION: Anti-TNFα agents are more effective in preventing clinical, endoscopic and histological POR than conventional therapies, even in nonselected CD patients.

11.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(9): 6251-6259, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237748

RESUMO

Protein O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a post-translational modification of intracellular proteins that regulates several physiological and pathophysiological process, including response to various stressors. However, O-GlcNAc's response to mechanical stress has not been investigated yet. As human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells are stimulated by compression force during orthodontic tooth movement that results in structural remodelling, in this study we investigated whether mechanical stress induces any alteration in protein O-GlcNAc in PDL cells. In this study, PDL cells isolated from premolars extracted for orthodontic indications were exposed to 0, 1.5, 3, 7 and 14 g/cm2 compression forces for 12 hours. Cell viability was measured by flow cytometry, and protein O-GlcNAc was analysed by Western blot. Cellular structure and intracellular distribution of O-GlcNAc was studied by immunofluorescence microscopy. We found that between 1.5 and 3 g/cm2 mechanical compression, O-GlcNAc significantly elevated; however, at higher forces O-GlcNAc level was not increased. We also found that intracellular localization of O-GlcNAc proteins became more centralized under 2 g/cm2 compression force. Our results suggest that structural changes stimulated by compression forces have a significant effect on the regulation of O-GlcNAc; thus, it might play a role in the mechanical stress adaptation of PDL cells.

12.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc ; 73(4): 579-590, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Composition of pericardial fluid (PF) may reveal immunological processes influencing oxidative stress and microcirculation of different tissues of the heart and may play a role in the course of myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, and aortic stenosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated lymphocyte populations, cardiovascular markers and immunoglobulin composition in PF and blood samples of patients undergoing CABG operation and compared them to those who had aortic valve surgery. RESULTS: The amount of CD8 + T, NK, memoT and activated T-cytotoxic cells were elevated in PF compared to blood, but naiveT and activated T-helper cell ratio were lower in PF. Amount of activated T-helper cells and regulatory T-lymphocytes were elevated in CABG participants in both PF and blood. INKT cells represented the only regulatory lymphocyte population reaching significantly higher concentration in PF than in blood. IL-6 and MCP1 level were elevated in PF compared to blood and MCP1 plasma level was markedly elevated in CABG group. CONCLUSIONS: Our study describes a comprehensive immunological analysis of PF in humans for the first time. We showed that the investigated lymphocyte populations and cardiovascular markers in PF have significantly different distribution compared to blood, and lymphocyte populations show different compartmentization in coronary disease and aortic stenosis.

13.
Dig Dis Sci ; 64(9): 2429-2444, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055720

RESUMO

In cases of difficult biliary cannulation, transpancreatic sphincterotomy (TPS) can be an alternative approach of biliary access. However, its success and safety profile have not been studied in detail. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to study the overall cannulation success and adverse events of TPS. These outcomes were also compared to other advanced cannulation methods. A systematic literature search was conducted to find all relevant articles containing data on TPS. Successful biliary cannulation and complications rates [post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP), bleeding, and perforation rates] were compared in the pooled analyses of prospective comparative studies. The overall outcomes were calculated involving all studies on TPS. TPS was superior compared to needle-knife precut papillotomy (NKPP) and the double-guidewire method (DGW) regarding cannulation success (odds ratio [OR] 2.32; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.37-3.93; and OR 2.72; 95% CI 1.30-5.69, respectively). The rate of PEP did not differ between TPS and NKPP or DGW; however, TPS (only retrospective studies were available for comparison) proved to be worse than needle-knife fistulotomy in this regard (OR 4.62; 95% CI 1.36-15.72). Bleeding and perforation rates were similar among these advanced techniques. There were no data about long-term consequences of TPS. The biliary cannulation rate of TPS is higher than that of the other advanced cannulation techniques, while the safety profile is similar to those. However, no long-term follow-up studies are available on the later consequences of TPS; therefore, such studies are strongly needed for its full evaluation.

14.
Dig Liver Dis ; 51(9): 1281-1286, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31031177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) is challenging. AIMS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed real-world data to understand the ERCP practice in ABP in Hungarian centers. METHODS: Clinical data on ABP patients (2013-2015) were extracted from our large multicentric database. Outcomes, quality indicators and the role of early timing of ERCP (<24 h from admission) were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 356 patients with ABP. ERCP was performed in 267 (75%). Performance indicators of ERCP proved to be suboptimal with a biliary cannulation rate of 84%. Successful vs unsuccessful cannulation of naïve papilla resulted in lower rates of local [22.9% vs 40.9%, (P = 0.012)] and systemic [4.9% vs 13.6%, (P = 0.042)] complications. Successful vs unsuccessful clearance resulted in lower rates of local complications [22.5% vs 40.8%, (P = 0.008)]. Successful cannulation and drainage correlated with less severe course of ABP [3.6% vs 15.9%, (P = 0.001) and 4.1% vs 12.2%, (P = 0.033)] respectively. A tendency of an increased rate of local complications was observed if ERCP was performed later [<24 h: 21.1% (35/166); between 24-48 h: 23.4% (11/47); >48h: 37.2% (16/43) (P = 0.088)]. CONCLUSION: Optimization of ERCP indication in ABP patients is critical as suboptimal ERCP practices in ABP without definitive stone detection are associated with poorer clinical outcomes.

15.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 72(3-4): 79-88, 2019 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957461

RESUMO

Background and purpose: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia diagnosed in clinical practice. We aimed to measure the L-arginine pathway metabolites as well as their ratios in patients with different types of AF or sinus rhythm and to explore the relationship among the markers and clinical variables in the subacute phase of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Methods: A total of 46 patients with AIS were prospectively enrolled. The patients were divided into three groups based on diagnosis of either sinus rhythm, paroxysmal or permanent AF. Plasma concentration of the L-arginine pathway metabolites were analyzed at post-stroke 24 hours in the three rhythm groups. Besides, clinical variables and laboratory data were recorded. Results: Asymmetric dimetylarginine (ADMA) was significantly higher in patients with permanent AF compared to sinus rhythm (p<0.001). Both ADMA (p<0.001) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) (p<0.002) at 24 hours were significantly higher among patients with permanent AF compared to those with paroxysmal AF. The L-arginine/SDMA (p<0.031) ratios at 24 hours were significantly higher among patients with sinus rhythm compared to those with permanent AF. ROC analysis also revealed that plasma SDMA cut-off level over 0.639 µmol/L discriminated permanent AF from paroxysmal AF or sinus rhythm with a 90.9% sensitivity and 77.1% specificity. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio also showed significantly higher value in individuals with both paroxysmal and permanent AF (p=0.029). Conclusion: Plasma level of SDMA could discriminate permanent from paroxysmal AF in the subacute phase of ischemic stroke. In addition, an increased neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio may suggest inflammatory process in the evolution of atrial fibrillation.


Assuntos
Arginina/sangue , Arginina/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
16.
Front Physiol ; 10: 328, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31001131

RESUMO

Background: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the most common cause of hospitalization among gastrointestinal diseases worldwide. Although most of the cases are mild, approximately 10-20% of patients develop a severe course of disease with higher mortality rate. Scoring systems consider age as a risk factor of mortality and severity (BISAP; >60 years, JPN>70 years, RANSON; >55 years, APACHE II >45 years). If there is a correlation between aging and the clinical features of AP, how does age influence mortality and severity? Aim: This study aimed to systematically review the effects of aging on AP. Methods: A comprehensive systematic literature search was conducted in the Embase, Cochrane, and Pubmed databases. A meta-analysis was performed using the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis statement (PRISMA). A total of 1,100 articles were found. After removing duplicates and articles containing insufficient or irrelevant data, 33 publications involving 194,702 AP patients were analyzed. Seven age categories were determined and several mathematical models, including conventional mathematical methods (linear regression), meta-analyses (random effect model and heterogeneity tests), meta-regression, funnel plot and Egger's test for publication bias were performed. Quality assessment was conducted using the modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The meta-analysis was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42017079253). Results: Aging greatly influences the outcome of AP. There was a low severe AP incidence in patients under 30 (1.6%); however, the incidence of severe AP showed a continuous, linear increase between 20 and 70 (0.193%/year) of up to 9.6%. The mortality rate was 0.9% in patients under 20 and demonstrated a continuous linear elevation until 59, however from this age the mortality rate started elevating with 9 times higher rate until the age of 70. The mortality rate between 20 and 59 grew 0.086%/year and 0.765%/year between 59 and 70. Overall, patients above 70 had a 19 times higher mortality rate than patients under 20. The mortality rate rising with age was confirmed by meta-regression (coefficient: 0.037 CI: 0.006-0.068, p = 0.022; adjusted r2: 13.8%), and severity also (coefficient: 0.035 CI: 0.019-0.052, p < 0.001; adjusted r2: 31.6%). Conclusion: Our analysis shows a likelihood of severe pancreatitis, as well as, pancreatitis-associated mortality is more common with advanced age. Importantly, the rapid elevation of mortality above the age of 59 suggests the involvement of additional deteriorating factors such as co-morbidity in elderly.

17.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 38(6): 871-882, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948305

RESUMO

Follicular fluid is a key biochemical environment for oocyte development. The potential effect of follicular progesterone level on successful fertilization is a subject of debate, and so the aim of this study was to provide a summary of the currently available evidence on the association between follicular fluid progesterone level and fertilization outcome. To do so, a systematic review and a meta-analysis were performed, with the literature searches being conducted in three databases (PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library) to identify all relevant studies published up to 19 August 2017. Data were available from 13 studies (four intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI] and nine conventional IVF) and 1009 individually aspirated follicular fluid samples were included in the analysis. The progesterone levels in follicular fluid were significantly higher in normal fertilization than in failed fertilization, both in conventional IVF (33% difference, P < 0.001) and ICSI (34% difference, P = 0.004). Although these data show that fertilized oocytes are derived from follicles with higher levels of progesterone, the results must be interpreted with caution, because of various progesterone measurement methods and different treatment protocols and it is too early to state that follicular fluid progesterone level could be considered as a marker for oocyte quality.

18.
BMJ Open ; 9(3): e026315, 2019 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30904871

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Haemorheological and haemostatic changes predispose to the development of arterial and venous thrombotic events; however, limited information is available on the status of these changes in coeliac disease (CeD) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study, we aim to describe the haemorheological and haemostatic profiles of CeD and IBD patients in a Hungarian cohort of patients to investigate whether any alterations contribute to elevated thrombotic risk. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a case-control study involving newly diagnosed and followed CeD and IBD patients with age-matched and sex-matched non-CeD, non-IBD subjects with an allocation ratio of 1:1:1.After informed consent is obtained, a detailed medical history will be collected, including venous and arterial thrombotic risk factors and medications. Symptoms in CeD patients will be assessed with the Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale, and disease activity in IBD patients will be determined by disease-specific scores. Dietary adherence will be assessed among CeD patients with a thorough interview together with a measurement of self-reported adherence, dietary knowledge and urine analysis (detection of gluten immunogenic peptides). In addition to routine laboratory parameters, haemorheological (ie, erythrocyte deformability and aggregation, viscosity of whole blood and plasma) and haemostatic parameters (eg, protein C, protein S and antithrombin) with immunological indicators (ie, coeliac-specific serology and antiphospholipid antibodies) will be measured from venous blood for every participant.Primary and secondary outcomes will be haemorheological and haemostatic parameters, respectively. Univariate and multivariate statistics will be used to compare CeD and IBD patients to control subjects. Subgroup analysis will be performed by disease type in IBD, (Crohn's disease and ulcerose colitis), dietary adherence in CeD, and disease activity in IBD and CeD. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study was approved by the Regional and Local Research Ethics Committee, University of Pécs (Ref. No. 6917). Findings will be disseminated at research conferences and in peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN49677481.

19.
J Reprod Immunol ; 132: 21-28, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30852462

RESUMO

During assisted reproduction the embryos are subjected to light. We investigated the relationship between light exposure and the developmental- and implantation capacity of mouse embryos. In vitro cultured embryos were exposed to white or red filtered light, then transferred to the uteri of pseudo-pregnant females. The mice were sacrificed on day 8.5 and implantation sites were counted. The number of nucleic acid containing (PI+) extracellular vesicles (EVs) in culture media of light-exposed and control embryos, as well as, the effect of the EVs on IL-10 production of CD8+ spleen cells was determined by flow cytometry. DNA fragmentation in control and light exposed embryos was detected in a TUNEL assay. The effect of light on the expression of apoptosis-related molecules was assessed in an apoptosis array. Light exposure significantly reduced the implantation capacity of the embryos. The harmful effect was related to the wavelength, rather than to the brightness of the light. Culture media of light exposed groups contained significantly higher number of PI + EVs than those of the control embryos, and failed to induce IL-10 production of spleen cells. The number of nuclei with fragmented DNA, was significantly higher in embryos treated with white light, than in the other two groups. In conclusion exposure to white light impairs the implantation potential of in vitro cultured mouse embryos. These effects are partly corrected by using a red filter. Since there is no information on the light sensitivity of human embryos, embryo manipulation during IVF and ICSI should be performed with caution.

20.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 74, 2019 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our goal with this study was to investigate the contribution of PD-1/PD-L1 immune-checkpoint pathway to maternal immunotolerance mechanisms. METHODS: Thirteen healthy pregnant women and 10 non-pregnant controls were involved in this project. PBMCs and DICs were isolated from peripheral blood and from decidual tissues. After the characterization of different immune cell subsets, we used fluorochrome-conjugated monoclonal antibodies to measure the expression level of PD-1, PD-L1, NKG2D, and CD107a molecules by flow cytometry. RESULTS: We measured significant alternations in the proportion of decidual immune cell subsets compared to the periphery. Elevated PD-1 expression by decidual CD8+ T, CD4+ T, and NKT-like cells were also detected accompanied by the increased PD-L1 expression by decidual CD4+ T, Treg, NKT-like and CD56 + NK cell subsets compared to peripheral blood. The cytotoxic potential was significantly higher in PD-1- decidual immune cells compared to the periphery, however we measured a significantly lower cytotoxicity in the decidual PD-1+ CD8+ T cells compared with the peripheral subsets. An activation receptor NKG2D expression was decreased by the PD-1+ CD8+ T subsets in the first trimester compared to non-pregnant condition but the expression level of the decidual counterparts was significantly elevated compared to the periphery. The cytotoxic potential of decidual PD1/NKG2D double positive CD8+ T cells was significantly decreased compared to the peripheral subsets. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our results we assume that PD-1/PD-L1 pathway might have a novel role in the maintaining of the local immunological environment. Accompanied by NKG2D activating receptor this checkpoint interaction could regulate decidual CD8 Tc cell subsets and may contribute maternal immunotolerance.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Histocompatibilidade Materno-Fetal/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Adulto , Anticorpos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Decídua/imunologia , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Proteína 1 de Membrana Associada ao Lisossomo/imunologia , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/imunologia , Gravidez
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