Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 50
Filtrar
4.
Curr Oncol ; 28(3): 1835-1846, 2021 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068043

RESUMO

The treatment of locally recurrent lung cancer is a major challenge for radiation-oncologists, especially with data on high-dose reirradiation being limited to small retrospective studies. The aim of the present study is to assess overall survival (OS) for patients with locally recurrent lung cancer after high-dose thoracic reirradiation. Thirty-nine patients who were re-irradiated for lung cancer relapse between October 2013 and February 2019 were eligible for the current retrospective analysis. All patients were re-irradiated with curative intent for in-field tumor recurrence. The diagnostic work-up included a mandatory 18F-FDG-PET-CT scan and-if possible-histological verification. The ECOG was ≤2, and the interval between initial and second radiation was at least nine months. Thirty patients (77%) had non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), eight (20%) had small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and in one patient (3%) histological confirmation could not be obtained. More than half of the patients (20/39, 51%) received re-treatment with dose differentiated accelerated re-irradiation (DART) at a median interval of 20.5 months (range: 6-145.3 months) after the initial radiation course. A cumulative EQD2 of 131 Gy (range: 77-211 Gy) in a median PTV of 46 mL (range: 4-541 mL) was delivered. Patients with SCLC had a 3 mL larger median re-irradiation volume (48 mL, range: 9-541) compared to NSCLC patients (45 mL, range: 4-239). The median cumulative EQD2 delivered in SCLC patients was 84 Gy (range: 77-193 Gy), while NSCLC patients received a median cumulative EQD2 of 135 Gy (range: 98-211 Gy). The median OS was 18.4 months (range: 0.6-64 months), with tumor volume being the only predictor (p < 0.000; HR 1.007; 95%-CI: 1.003-1.012). In terms of toxicity, 17.9% acute and 2.6% late side effects were observed, with a toxicity grade >3 occurring in only one patient. Thoracic high dose reirradiation plays a significant role in prolonging survival, especially in patients with small tumor volume at recurrence.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Reirradiação , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Radiol Oncol ; 55(3): 333-340, 2021 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast intraoperative electron radiation therapy (B-IOERT) can be used in clinical practice both as elective irradiation (partial breast irradiation - APBI) in low risk breast cancer patients, and as an anticipated boost. The procedure generally includes the use of a shielding disk between the residual breast and the pectoralis fascia for the protection of the tissues underneath the target volume. The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS) in improving the quality of B-IOERT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: B-IOERT was introduced in Trieste in 2012 and its technique was improved in 2014 with IOUS. Both, needle and IOUS were used to measure target thickness and the latter was used even to check the correct position of the shielding disk. The primary endpoint of the study was the evaluation of the effectiveness of IOUS in reducing the risk of a disk misalignment related to B-IOERT and the secondary endpoint was the analysis of acute and late toxicity, by comparing two groups of patients treated with IOERT as a boost, either measured with IOUS and needle (Group 1) or with needle alone (Group 2). Acute and late toxicity were evaluated by validated scoring systems. RESULTS: From the institutional patients who were treated between June 2012 and October 2019, 109 were eligible for this study (corresponding to 110 cases, as one patients underwent bilateral conservative surgery and bilateral B-IOERT). Of these, 38 were allocated to group 1 and 72 to group 2. The target thickness measured with the IOUS probe and with the needle were similar (mean difference of 0.1 mm, p = 0.38). The percentage of patients in which the shield was perfectly aligned after IOUS introduction increased from 23% to more than 70%. Moreover, patients treated after IOUS guidance had less acute toxicity (36.8% vs. 48.6%, p = 0.33) from radiation therapy, which reached no statistical significance. Late toxicity turned out to be similar regardless of the use of IOUS guidance: 39.5% vs. 37.5% (p = 0.99). CONCLUSIONS: IOUS showed to be accurate in measuring the target depth and decrease the misalignment between collimator and disk. Furthermore there was an absolute decrease in acute toxicity, even though not statistically significant, in the group of women who underwent B-IOERT with IOUS guidance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Lesões por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Proteção Radiológica/instrumentação , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Elétrons/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Dosimetria Fotográfica/métodos , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/instrumentação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Breast Cancer Res ; 23(1): 46, 2021 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative radiotherapy with electrons (IOERT) boost could be not inferior to external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) boost in terms of local control and tissue tolerance. The aim of the study is to present the long-term follow-up results on local control, esthetic evaluation, and toxicity of a prospective study on early-stage breast cancer patients treated with breast-conserving surgery with an IOERT boost of 10 Gy (experimental group) versus 5 × 2 Gy EBRT boost (standard arm). Both arms received whole-breast irradiation (WBI) with 50 Gy (2 Gy single dose). METHODS: A single-institution phase III randomized study to compare IOERT versus EBRT boost in early-stage breast cancer was conducted as a non-inferiority trial. Primary endpoints were the evaluation of in-breast true recurrences (IBTR) and out-field local recurrences (LR) as well as toxicity and cosmetic results. Secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and patient's grade of satisfaction with cosmetic outcomes. RESULTS: Between 1999 and 2004, 245 patients were randomized: 133 for IOERT and 112 for EBRT. The median follow-up was 12 years (range 10-16 years). The cumulative risk of IBTR at 5-10 years was 0.8% and 4.3% after IOERT, compared to 4.2% and 5.3% after EBRT boost (p = 0.709). The cumulative risk of out-field LR at 5-10 years was 4.7% and 7.9% for IOERT versus 5.2% and 10.3% for EBRT (p = 0.762). All of the IOERT arm recurrences were observed at > 100 months' follow-up, whereas the mean time to recurrence in the EBRT group was earlier (55.2 months) (p < 0.05). No late complications associated with IOERT were observed. The overall cosmetic results were scored as good or excellent in physician and patient evaluations for both IOERT and EBRT. There were significantly better scores for IOERT at all time points in physician and patient evaluations with the greatest difference at the end of EBRT (p = 0.006 objective and p = 0.0004 subjective) and most narrow difference at 12 months after the end of EBRT (p = 0.08 objective and p = 0.04 subjective analysis). CONCLUSION: A 10-Gy IOERT boost during breast-conserving surgery provides high local control rates without significant morbidity. Although not significantly superior to external beam boosts, the median time to local recurrences after IOERT is prolonged by more than 4 years.

9.
Thorac Cancer ; 12(8): 1162-1170, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given the limited curative treatment options for recurrent lung cancer patients, the aim of our retrospective study was to investigate whether these patients would benefit in terms of overall survival (OS) by adding immunotherapy to high-dose reirradiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2013 and 2019, 47 consecutive patients with in-field tumor recurrence underwent high-dose thoracic reirradiation at our institute. Twenty patients (43%) received high-dose reirradiation only, while 27/47 (57%) additionally had systemic therapy (immunotherapy and/or chemotherapy). With the exception of one patent, the interval between first and second radiation was at least 9 months. All patients had an Eastern cooperative oncology group ≤2. The diagnostic work-up included a mandatory fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan and histological verification. The primary endpoint was OS after completion of the second course of irradiation. RESULTS: In the whole cohort of 47 patients, the median overall survival (mOS) after reirradiation was 18.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 16.5-21.3 months), while in the subgroup of 27 patients who received additional systemic treatment after reirradiation, mOS amounted to 21.8 months (95% CI 17.8-25.8 months). Within this group the comparison between reirradiation combined with either immunotherapy (n = 21) or chemotherapy (n = 6) revealed a difference in OS, which was in favor of the first (log-rank p value = 0.063). Three patients (11%) experienced acute side effects and one (4%) showed a late hemorrhage grade 3. CONCLUSION: Patients who received immunotherapy and reirradiation lived longer than those who did not receive immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Reirradiação/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(12)2020 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In order to characterize the various subtypes of breast cancer more precisely and improve patients selection for breast conserving therapy (BCT), molecular profiling has gained importance over the past two decades. MicroRNAs, which are small non-coding RNAs, can potentially regulate numerous downstream target molecules and thereby interfere in carcinogenesis and treatment response via multiple pathways. The aim of the current two-phase study was to investigate whether hsa-miR-375-signaling through RASD1 could predict local control (LC) in early breast cancer. RESULTS: The patient and treatment characteristics of 81 individuals were similarly distributed between relapse (n = 27) and control groups (n = 54). In the pilot phase, the primary tumors of 28 patients were analyzed with microarray technology. Of the more than 70,000 genes on the chip, 104 potential hsa-miR-375 target molecules were found to have a lower expression level in relapse patients compared to controls (p-value < 0.2). For RASD1, a hsa-miR-375 binding site was predicted by an in silico search in five mRNA-miRNA databases and mechanistically proven in previous pre-clinical studies. Its expression levels were markedly lower in relapse patients than in controls (p-value of 0.058). In a second phase, this finding could be validated in an independent set of 53 patients using ddPCR. Patients with enhanced levels of hsa-miR-375 compared to RASD1 had a higher probability of local relapse than those with the inverse expression pattern of the two markers (log-rank test, p-value = 0.069). CONCLUSION: This two-phase study demonstrates that hsa-miR-375/RASD1 signaling is able to predict local control in early breast cancer patients, which-to our knowledge-is the first clinical report on a miR combined with one of its downstream target proteins predicting LC in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteínas ras/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética
12.
Radiother Oncol ; 149: 150-157, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413529

RESUMO

The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of the role of intraoperative radiation therapy with electrons (IOERT) in breast conserving therapy (BCT), both as partial breast irradiation (PBI) as well as anticipated boost ("IOERT-Boost"). For both applications, the criteria for patient selection, technical details/requirements, physical aspects and outcome data are presented. IOERT AS PBI: The largest evidence comes from Italian studies, especially the ELIOT randomized trial. Investigators showed that the rate of in-breast relapses (IBR) in the IOERT group was significantly greater than with whole breast irradiation (WBI), even when within the pre-specified equivalence margin. Tumour sizes >2 cm, involved axillary nodes, Grade 3 and triple negative molecular subtypes emerged as statistically significant predictors of IBR. For patients at low risk for in-breast recurrence (ASTRO/ESTRO recommendations), full dose IOERT was isoeffective with standard WBI. Hence, several national guidelines now include this treatment strategy as one of the standard techniques for PBI in carefully selected patients. IOERT BOOST: The largest evidence for boost IOERT preceding WBI comes from pooled analyses performed by the European Group of the International Society of Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (ISIORT Europe), where single boost doses (mostly around 10 Gy) preceded whole-breast irradiation (WBI) with 50 Gy (conventional fractionation). At median follow-up periods up to ten years, local recurrence rates around 1% were observed for low risk tumours. Higher local relapse rates were described for grade 3 tumours, triple negative breast cancer as well as for patients treated after primary systemic therapy for locally advanced tumours. Even in this settings, long-term (>5y) local tumour control rates beyond 95% were achieved. These encouraging results are interpreted as being attributable to utmost precision in dose delivery (by avoiding a "geographic and/or temporal miss"), and the possible radiobiological superiority of a single high dose fraction, compared to the conventionally fractionated boost. IOERT also showed favourable results in terms of cosmetic outcome, assumedly thanks to the small treated volumes combined with complete skin sparing.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Terapia Combinada , Elétrons , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Radioterapia Adjuvante
13.
Breast Care (Basel) ; 15(2): 112-117, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398979

RESUMO

Background: The international standard of care for the treatment of high-risk breast cancer (BC) consists of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and surgery followed by adjuvant whole breast/chest wall irradiation. In this setting, the time interval from the start of NACT to the end of radiotherapy (RT) is usually postponed to 6 months or longer. In addition to this, a high percentage of capsular fibrosis may occur when breast implants are irradiated. Most of these disadvantages could be avoided by using preoperative RT (PRT). PRT is already the standard of care in several other tumor entities (rectal cancer, esophagus carcinoma, lung cancer, and soft tissue sarcoma). Nevertheless, PRT in BC has been tested in several trials, but randomized prospective trials using modern radiation technology and systemic therapies are lacking. The available evidence summarized in this review indicates that PRT may improve survival and reduce long-term toxicity in patients with a higher risk of recurrence and should be consequently tested in a randomized trial. Summary: Prospective, randomized trials concerning PRT in high-risk BC are needed. We plan to conduct a NeoRad trial (NACT followed by PRT in high-risk BC). Key Messages: Prospective, randomized studies concerning PRT in high-risk BC are needed.

14.
Thorac Cancer ; 11(6): 1375-1385, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323484

RESUMO

Concomitant chemo-radiotherapy (cCRT) with 60 Gy in 30 fractions is the standard of care for stage 111 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). With a median overall survival of 28.7 months at best and maximum locoregional control rates of 70% at two years, the prognosis for these patients is still dismal. This systematic review summarizes data on dose escalation by alternative fractionation, which has been explored as a primary strategy to improve both local control and overall survival over the past three decades. A Pubmed literature search was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. Because of the large variety of radiation regimens total doses were converted to EQD2,T . Only studies using an EQD2,T of at least 49.5 Gy, which corresponds to the conventional 60 Gy in six weeks, were included. In a total of 3256 patients, the median OS was 17 months (range 7.4-30 months). While OS was better for patients treated after the year 2000 (P = 0.003) or with a mandatory 18 F-FDG-PET-CT in the diagnostic work-up (P = 0.001), treatment sequence did not make a difference (P = 0.106). The most commonly reported toxicity was acute esophagitis (AE) with a median rate of 24% (range 0%-84%). AE increased at a rate of 0.5% per Gy increment in EQD2,T (P = 0.016). Dose escalation above the conventional 60 Gy using modified radiation fractionation schedules and shortened OTT yield similar mOS and LRC regardless of treatment sequence with a significant EQD2,T dependent increase in AE. KEY POINTS: Significant findings Modified radiation dose escalation sequentially combined with chemotherapy yields similar outcome as concomitant treatment. OS is better with the mandatory inclusion of FDG-PET-CT in the diagnostic work-up. The risk of acute esophagitis increases with higher EQD2,T . What this study adds Chemo-radiotherapy (CRT) with modified dose escalation regimens yields OS and LC rates in the range of standard therapy regardless of treatment sequence. This broadens the database of curative options in patients who are not eligible concomitant CRT.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Prognóstico
15.
Radiother Oncol ; 146: 136-142, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess the role of intraoperative radiation with electrons (IOERT) as tumor bed boost followed by hypofractionated whole breast irradiation (HWBI) after breast conserving surgery (BCS) of patients with low to intermediate risk breast cancer focusing on acute/late toxicity and cosmetic outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 2011, a prospective multicenter trial (NCT01343459) was started. Treatment consisted of BCS, IOERT (11.1 Gy) and HWBI (40.5 Gy in 15 fractions). In a single-arm design, 5-year IBR-rates are benchmarked by a sequential ratio test (SQRT) against best published evidences in 3 age groups (35-40 y, 41-50 y, >50 y). Acute/late toxicity and cosmesis were evaluated by validated scorings systems. RESULTS: Of 627 eligible patients, 44 were excluded, leaving 583 to analyze. After a median follow-up (FUP) of 45 months (range 0-74), for acute effects CTCAE-score 0/1 was noted in 91% (end of HWBI) and 92% (4 weeks later), respectively. Late toxicity Grading 0/1 (mean values, ranges) by LENT-SOMA criteria were observed in 92.7% (89-97.3) at 4/5 months, rising to 96.5% (91-100) at 6 years post HWBI. Baseline cosmesis after wound healing prior to HWBI was scored as excellent/good in 86% of cases by subjective (patient) and in 74% by objective (doctor) assessment with no impairment thereafter. CONCLUSIONS: Acute and late treatment tolerance of a combined Boost-IOERT/HWBI regimen is excellent in short/mid-term assessment. Postoperative cosmetic appearance is not impaired after 3 years FUP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar , Estudos Prospectivos , Hipofracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos
16.
Eur J Cancer ; 127: 12-20, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31962198

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate long-term results of patients with hormonal receptor-positive breast cancer treated with breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and consecutive endocrine therapy (ET) with or without whole breast irradiation (WBI). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Within the 8 A trial of the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group, a total of 869 patients received ET after BCS which was randomly followed by WBI (n = 439, group 1) or observation (n = 430, group 2). WBI was applied up to a mean total dosage of 50 Gy (+/- 10 Gy boost) in conventional fractionation. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 9.89 years, 10 in-breast recurrences (IBRs) were observed in group 1 and 31 in group 2, resulting in a 10-year local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) of 97.5% and 92.4%, respectively (p = 0.004). This translated into significantly higher rates for disease-free survival (DFS): 94.5% group 1 vs 88.4% group 2, p = 0.0156. For distant metastases-free survival (DMFS) and overall survival (OS), respective 10-year rates amounted 96.7% and 86.6% for group 1 versus 96.4% and 87.6%, for group 2 (ns). WBI (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.27, p < 0.01) and tumour grading (HR: 3.76, p = 0.03) were found as significant predictors for IBR in multiple cox regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: After a median follow-up of 10 years, WBI resulted in a better local control and DFS compared with ET alone. The omission of WBI and tumour grading, respectively, were the only negative predictors for LRFS.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Braquiterapia/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Mastectomia Segmentar/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e583-e591, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561040

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic profile, clinical outcome, treatment-associated morbidity, and treatment burden of elderly patients with glioblastoma (GBM) undergoing microsurgical tumor resection as part of contemporary treatment algorithms. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with GBM ≥65 years of age who were treated by resection at 2 neuro-oncology centers. Survival was assessed by Kaplan-Meier analyses; log-rank tests identified prognostic factors. RESULTS: The study population included 160 patients (mean age, 73.1 ± 5.1 years), and the median contrast-enhancing tumor volume was 31.0 cm3. Biomarker analyses revealed O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase-promoter methylation in 62.7% and wild-type isocitrate dehydrogenase in 97.5% of tumors. The median extent of resection (EOR) was 92.3%, surgical complications were noted in 10.0% of patients, and the median postoperative hospitalization period was 8 days. Most patients (60.0%) received adjuvant radio-/chemotherapy. The overall treatment-associated morbidity was 30.6%. The median progression-free and overall survival were 5.4 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.6-6.4 months) and 10.0 months (95% CI, 7.9-11.7 months). The strongest predictors for favorable outcome were patient age ≤73.0 years (P = 0.0083), preoperative Karnofsky Performance Status Scale score ≥80% (P = 0.0179), postoperative modified Rankin Scale score ≤1 (P < 0.0001), adjuvant treatment (P < 0.0001), and no treatment-associated morbidity (P = 0.0478). Increased EOR did not correlate with survival (P = 0.5046), but correlated significantly with treatment-associated morbidity (P = 0.0031). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical outcome for elderly patients with GBM remains limited. Nonetheless, the observed treatment-associated morbidity and treatment burden were moderate in the patients, and patient age and performance status remained the strongest predictors for survival. The risks and benefits of tumor resection in the age of biomarker-adjusted treatment concepts require further prospective evaluation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Glioblastoma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Áustria , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Feminino , Glioblastoma/mortalidade , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Thorac Cancer ; 11(2): 369-378, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is the standard treatment for patients with inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stage III. With a median OS beyond 30 months, adequate pulmonary function (PF) is essential to ensure acceptable quality of life after treatment. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) are the most widely used parameters to assess lung function. The aim of the current study was to evaluate dose-volume effects of accelerated high-dose radiation on PF. METHODS: A total of 72 patients were eligible for the current analysis. After induction chemotherapy, all patients received dose-differentiated accelerated radiotherapy with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT-DART). PF tests were performed six weeks, three and six months after the end of radiotherapy. RESULTS: The median total dose to the tumor was 73.8 Gy (1.8 Gy bid) with a size dependent range between 61.2 and 90 Gy. In the whole cohort, 321 pulmonary function tests were performed. At six months, the median FEV1 relative to baseline was 0.95 (range: 0.56-1.36), and the relative median DLCO decreased to 0.98 (range: 0.64-1.50). The correlation between V20total lung and FEV1 decline was statistically significant (P = 0.023). A total of 13 of 34 (38%) COPD patients had a 4%-21% FEV1 decrease. CONCLUSION: Patients with a V20total lung < 21% are at a low risk for PF decrease after high dose irradiation treatment. Although overall short term FEV1 and DLCO differ only moderately from baseline these changes may be clinically important, especially in patients with COPD. KEY POINTS: Significant findings: Pulmonary function after high dose irradiation decreases only moderately. FEV1 and DLCO decrease depend on V20total lung . Small differences in lung function may be clinically important for COPD patients. KPS predicts minimal clinically important differences (MCID). WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: This study shows that high-dose irradiation delivered with intensity-modulated techniques does not impair short-term lung function even in patients with compromised respiratory capacity before treatment. This is a pre-requisite for adequate quality of life after thoraco-oncological therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pulmão/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Testes de Função Respiratória , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Thorac Cancer ; 10(2): 321-329, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 15% of lung cancer patients are diagnosed in early stages. Microscopic proof of disease cannot always be obtained because of comorbidity or reluctance to undergo invasive diagnostic procedures. In the current study, survival data of patients with and without pathology are compared. METHODS: One hundred and sixty three patients with NSCLC I-IIb (T3 N0) treated between 2002 and 2016 were eligible: 123 (75%) had pathological confirmation of disease, whereas 40 (25%) did not. In accordance with international guidelines, both groups received radiotherapy. Comorbidity was assessed with the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). RESULTS: The median follow-up was 28.6 months (range: 0.3-162): 66 (40%) patients are still alive, while 97 (59%) patients died: 48 (29%) cancer-related deaths and 49 (30%) from causes other than cancer. Median overall survival (OS) in patients without pathological confirmation was 58.6 months (range: 0.5-162), which did not differ from those with microscopic proof of disease (39.4 months, range: 0.3-147.5; logrank P = 0.481). Median cancer-specific survival (CSS) also did not differ at 113.4 months (range: 0.5-162) in the non-confirmation group (logrank P = 0.763) versus 51.5 months (range: 3.7-129.5) in patients with pathology. In Cox regression, a CCI of ≥ 3 was associated with poor OS (hazard ratio 2.0; range 1.2-3.4; P = 0.010) and CSS (hazard ratio 2.0; 1.0-4.0; P = 0.043). CONCLUSION: OS and CSS in early lung cancer patients depend on comorbidity rather than on pathological confirmation of disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Radioterapia/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...