Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 172
Filtrar
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252575, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355869

RESUMO

Abstract Increased anxiety and depressive symptoms have reported to be its association with long term illness. Because of having unwanted effects of newly available drugs, patients administering anxiolytic drugs usually discontinue the treatment before they are completely recovered. Therefore, there is a serious need to develop new anxiolytic drugs. The anxiolytic effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Agaricus blazei in animal models was assessed. 24 male mice (Mus musculus genus) were included in the study. Four groups were prepared and each group contained six animals. The groups were vehicle control, positive control (diazepam 1.0 mg/kg, i.p.) as well as two treatment groups receiving Agaricus blazei hydro-alcoholic extract at a dose of 136.50 mg/kg and 273.0 mg/kg orally. The Marble burying test, Nestlet shredding test and Light and Dark box test used to assess anxiolytic activity. Mice administered with diazepam 1.0 mg/kg, i.p. while hydro-alcoholic extract of AbM (136.50 and 273.0 mg/kg, respectively) was administered via oral route which exhibited marked reduction in number of marbles-burying as compared to vehicle control group. Mice administered with diazepam 1.0 mg/kg, i.p. and Oral administration of hydro-alcoholic extract of AbM (136.50 and 273.0 mg/kg, respectively) exhibited significant decrease in nestlet shredding in comparison to vehicle control group. The oral administration of hydro-alcoholic extract at a dose of 136.5mg/kg and 273mg/kg showed elevation in time spent in light box and was comparable to standard treated group while time spent by mice following oral administration of hydro-alcoholic extract of Agaricus blazei at a dose of 273.0 mg/kg also showed elevation and was found to be more near to standard treated group (diazepam 1 mg/kg, i.p.).


Resumo O aumento da ansiedade e dos sintomas depressivos têm relatado sua associação com doenças de longa duração. Por causa dos efeitos indesejáveis dos novos medicamentos disponíveis, os pacientes que administram medicamentos ansiolíticos geralmente interrompem o tratamento antes de estarem completamente recuperados. Portanto, há uma necessidade séria de desenvolver novos medicamentos ansiolíticos. Foi avaliado o efeito ansiolítico do extrato hidroalcoólico de Agaricus blazei em modelos animais. Vinte e quatro camundongos machos (gênero Mus musculus) foram incluídos no estudo. Quatro grupos foram preparados, e cada grupo continha seis animais. Os grupos foram controle de veículo, controle positivo (diazepam 1,0 mg/kg, i.p.), bem como dois grupos de tratamento recebendo extrato hidroalcoólico de Agaricus blazei na dose de 136,50 mg/kg e 273,0 mg/kg por via oral. O teste de enterrar Marble, o teste de retalhamento Nestlet e o teste de caixa clara e escura são usados ​​para avaliar a atividade ansiolítica. Camundongos foram administrados com diazepam 1,0 mg/kg, i.p., enquanto o extrato hidroalcoólico de AbM (136,50 e 273,0 mg/kg, respectivamente) foi administrado por via oral, que exibiu redução acentuada no número de mármores enterrados em comparação com o grupo de controle de veículo. Camundongos administrados com diazepam 1,0 mg/kg, i.p. e a administração oral de extrato hidroalcoólico de AbM (136,50 e 273,0 mg/kg, respectivamente) exibiu diminuição significativa na trituração de ninhos em comparação ao grupo de controle de veículo. A administração oral de extrato hidroalcoólico na dose de 136,5mg/kg e 273mg/kg mostrou elevação no tempo gasto na caixa de luz e foi comparável ao grupo tratado padrão, enquanto o tempo gasto por camundongos após a administração oral de extrato hidroalcoólico de Agaricus blazei na dose de 273,0 mg/kg também mostrou elevação e foi mais próximo do grupo tratado padrão (diazepam 1 mg/kg, ip).


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Coelhos , Agaricus , Comportamento Exploratório , Modelos Animais de Doenças
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249229, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339374

RESUMO

Abstract Birds are very valuable indicators of species richness and endemic patterns in a specified ecosystem, which eventually help the scientist to measure the environmental degradation. The aim of present study was to know human knowledge and attitude toward urban birds in Faisalabad city, Pakistan. The study conducted in four consecutive months: November 2019 to February 2020. Population of birds was noted from eight residential towns of Faisalabad city, data were collected through questionnaire. Faisalabad has a reasonably large population of birds and present data show that, there is a significant difference between favorite bird of residential areas and institutions. The pigeon received the most likeness in bird population among residential area residents, while the myna received the least. The most popular bird in Faisalabad institutions was the sparrow, while the least popular bird was the common myna. Bird adaptation percentage of residential areas and institutional areas of Faisalabad was the highest for parrot and sparrow respectively. People in residential areas and institutions, on the other hand, adapted least to common myna. It is concluded that people of the study area like birds and offered food and high population of birds are present in study area.


Resumo Os pássaros são indicadores muito valiosos da riqueza de espécies e padrões endêmicos em um determinado ecossistema, o que acaba ajudando o cientista a medir a degradação ambiental. O objetivo do presente estudo foi conhecer o conhecimento humano e a atitude em relação às aves urbanas na cidade de Faisalabad, Paquistão. O estudo foi conduzido em quatro meses consecutivos: novembro de 2019 a fevereiro de 2020. A população de pássaros foi observada em oito cidades residenciais da cidade de Faisalabad, os dados foram coletados por meio de questionário. Faisalabad tem uma população razoavelmente grande de pássaros, e os dados atuais mostram que há uma diferença significativa entre as aves favoritas de áreas residenciais e instituições. O pombo recebeu mais semelhanças na população de pássaros entre os residentes de áreas residenciais, enquanto o myna recebeu menos. A ave mais popular nas instituições de Faisalabad era o pardal, enquanto a ave menos popular era o myna comum. A porcentagem de adaptação de pássaros em áreas residenciais e institucionais de Faisalabad foi a mais alta para papagaios e pardais, respectivamente. As pessoas em áreas residenciais e instituições, por outro lado, se adaptaram menos ao myna comum. Conclui-se que pessoas da área de estudo como pássaros e alimentos oferecidos e alta população de pássaros estão presentes na área de estudo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Aves , Ecossistema , Paquistão , Cidades , Biodiversidade
3.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-22282842

RESUMO

The ARTIC protocol uses a multiplexed PCR approach with two primer pools tiling the entire SARS-CoV-2 genome. Primer pool updates are necessary for accurate amplicon sequencing of evolving SARS-CoV-2 variants with novel mutations. The suitability of the ARTIC V4 and updated V4.1 primer scheme was assessed using whole genome sequencing of Omicron from clinical samples using Oxford Nanopore Technology. Analysis of Omicron BA.1 genomes revealed that 93.22% of clinical samples generated improved genome coverage at 50x read depth with V4.1 primers when compared to V4 primers. Additionally, the V4.1 primers improved coverage of BA.1 across amplicons 76 and 88, which resulted in the detection of the variant defining mutations G22898A, A26530G and C26577G. The Omicron BA.2 sub-variant (VUI-22JAN-01) replaced BA.1 as the dominant variant by March 2022, and analysis of 168 clinical samples showed reduced coverage across amplicons 15 and 75. Upon further interrogation of primer binding sites, a mutation at C4321T (present in 163/168, 97% of samples) was identified as a possible cause of complete dropout of amplicon 15. Furthermore, two mutations were identified within the primer binding regions for amplicon 75: A22786C (present in 90% of samples) and C22792T (present in 12.5% of samples). Together, these mutations may result in reduced coverage of amplicon 75 and further primer updates would allow the identification of the two BA.2 defining mutations present in amplicon 75; A22688G and T22679C. This work highlights the need for ongoing surveillance of primer matches as circulating variants evolve and change.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36430020

RESUMO

Genetic polymorphisms in the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) family genes may be associated with cadmium (Cd) levels and its adverse effects. This study investigated the impact of MMP-2 and MMP-9 polymorphisms on Cd levels in 238 residents of a condominium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, built over an industrial steel slag waste. Polymorphisms were genotyped using TaqMan validated assays, and the Cd levels were measured in blood (BCd) and urine (UCd) samples by atomic absorption spectrometry. Associations were evaluated by linear correlation coefficients and multiple logistic regression, using odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Mean age was 50 ± 15 years; 58% were female, 69% non-smokers. Mean concentrations for BCd and UCd were 0.70 ± 0.2 µg L-1 and 0.56 ± 0.55 µg L-1, respectively. Smoking status was associated with BCd ≥ 0.70 µg L-1 (OR = 2.9; 95% CI = 1.6-5.9). MMP-9 rs17576 A > G was associated with BCd ≥ 0.70 µg L-1 (OR = 2.11; 95% CI = 1.10-4.05) and UCd ≥ 0.56 µg L-1 (OR = 3.38; 95% CI = 1.82-7.65). Knowing possible individual predisposing factors is essential to understand Cd toxicity, and to improve the monitoring of high-risk populations.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Cádmio/toxicidade , Estudos Transversais , Aço , Brasil , Polimorfismo Genético
5.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5536, 2022 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36202800

RESUMO

The effectiveness of inactivated vaccines (VE) against symptomatic and severe COVID-19 caused by omicron is unknown. We conducted a nationwide, test-negative, case-control study to estimate VE for homologous and heterologous (BNT162b2) booster doses in adults who received two doses of CoronaVac in Brazil in the Omicron context. Analyzing 1,386,544 matched-pairs, VE against symptomatic disease was 8.6% (95% CI, 5.6-11.5) and 56.8% (95% CI, 56.3-57.3) in the period 8-59 days after receiving a homologous and heterologous booster, respectively. During the same interval, VE against severe Covid-19 was 73.6% (95% CI, 63.9-80.7) and 86.0% (95% CI, 84.5-87.4) after receiving a homologous and heterologous booster, respectively. Waning against severe Covid-19 after 120 days was only observed after a homologous booster. Heterologous booster might be preferable to individuals with completed primary series inactivated vaccine.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Adulto , Vacina BNT162 , Brasil/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados
6.
World Allergy Organ J ; 15(9): 100689, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092951

RESUMO

Objective: Assess the incidence of anaphylaxis in the emergency room (ER) of a private pediatric hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, and describe associated factors. Method: This was a cross-sectional, retrospective, and observational study based on the medical records of patients from 0 to 18 years old seen at the emergency unit during the years of 2016-2019, who had a diagnosis potentially related to anaphylaxis according to ICD-10. All medical records were individually reviewed for the presence of compatible signs and symptoms that identified "possible" cases of anaphylaxis. Cases were considered probable anaphylaxis when medical history was compatible and indicative of anaphylaxis in the opinion of at least 2 allergists. Results: The incidence of anaphylaxis was 0.013%. Among the 56 patients identified (mean age 4.2 years), food was the most predominant suspected factor (53%), followed by unknown factors (32%), and drugs (12.5%). All patients presented with cutaneous symptoms, 74% with respiratory, and 53% with gastrointestinal. Allergic disease as a comorbidity was found in 39% of the children and 11% had a history of previous anaphylaxis. There were neither cases of syncope or shock, nor deaths. Intramuscular (IM) adrenaline was prescribed in 37.5% of cases. Conclusions: The incidence of anaphylaxis was low when compared to the worldwide incidence. The severity of most cases was mild, cutaneous symptoms were predominant, and food was the suspected trigger most frequently associated with reactions.

7.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis ; 26(10): 929-933, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36163662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) treatment takes 18-24 months and is complex, costly and isolating. We provide trial evidence on the WHO Pakistan recommendation for community-based care rather than hospital-based care.METHODS Two-arm, parallel-group, superiority trial was conducted in three programmatic management of drug-resistant TB hospitals in Punjab and Sindh Provinces, Pakistan. We enrolled 425 patients with MDR-TB aged >15 years through block randomisation in community-based care (1-week hospitalisation) or hospital-based care (2 months hospitalisation). Primary outcome was treatment success.RESULTS Among 425 patients with MDR-TB, 217 were allocated to community-based care and 208 to hospital-based care. Baseline characteristics were similar between the community and hospitalised arms, as well as in selected sites. Treatment success was 74.2% (161/217) under community-based care and 67.8% (141/208) under hospital-based care, giving a covariate-adjusted risk difference (community vs. hospital model) of 0.06 (95% CI -0.02 to 0.15; P = 0.144).CONCLUSIONS We found no clear evidence that community-based care was more or less effective than hospital-based care model. Given the other substantial advantages of community-based care over hospital based (e.g., more patient-friendly and accessible, with lower treatment costs), this supports the adoption of the community-based care model, as recommended by the WHO.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Adulto , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização , Hospitais , Humanos , Paquistão , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/tratamento farmacológico
8.
J Bone Oncol ; 34: 100431, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35517058

RESUMO

Patients with heavily pretreated, late-stage cancer and bone metastasis are usually poor candidates for further chemotherapy. Previously, we showed that association to lipid nanoparticles (LDE) drastically decreases the toxicity of anti-cancer drugs. Here, we tested the hypothesis that paclitaxel (PTX) carried in LDE could benefit end-of-life patients with painful bone metastases that had been previously treated with conventional PTX. Methods: Eighteen consecutive patients with late-stage cancer, 8 with breast, 5 with prostate and 5 with lung carcinoma, aged 59±9 years, were included in this study. All were receiving opioid medication. LDE-PTX was administered at 175 mg/m 2 every 3 weeks until disease progression. Clinical imaging examinations and serum biochemistry determinations were performed to monitor disease progression. Intensity of bone pain, use of opioid medications and occurrence of pathological bone fractures were also evaluated. Results: In total, 104 chemotherapy cycles were performed and none of the patients showed clinical and laboratorial toxicities or pathological bone fractures. In all patients, pain was reduced so as to allow substitution of non-opioid for opioid medication. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was four months (95% CI 2.4-5.5), but in five patients PFS was longer than 6 months. Conclusions: Absence of observable clinical and laboratorial toxicities from LDE-PTX treatment, improvement of bone pain and the possible effect on PFS in some patients, despite previous use of conventional PTX, suggest that LDEPTX merits further clinical investigation .

9.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-22273193

RESUMO

The effectiveness of inactivated vaccines (VE) against symptomatic and severe COVID-19 caused by omicron is unknown. We conducted a nationwide, test-negative, case-control study to estimate VE for homologous and heterologous (BNT162b2) booster doses in adults who received two doses of CoronaVac in Brazil in the Omicron context. Analyzing 1,386,544 matched-pairs, VE against symptomatic disease was 8.6% (95% CI, 5.6-11.5) and 56.8% (95% CI, 56.3-57.3) in the period 8-59 days after receiving a homologous and heterologous booster, respectively. During the same interval, VE against severe Covid-19 was 73.6% (95% CI, 63.9-80.7) and 86.0% (95% CI, 84.5-87.4) after receiving a homologous and heterologous booster, respectively. Waning against severe Covid-19 after 120 days was only observed after a homologous booster. Heterologous booster might be preferable to individuals with completed primary series inactivated vaccine.

10.
Cureus ; 14(2): e22224, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340486

RESUMO

Background Inflammation is a crucial component in carcinogenesis. The neutrophil-to-eosinophil ratio (NER) has been studied as a biomarker of prognosis and predictive of response in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). In the present study, we evaluated the relevance of baseline NER on the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) outcomes in real-world patients with mRCC treated with nivolumab in second or subsequent lines. We also assessed the association of baseline NER with objective response, as well as with toxicity and histology. Methods In this multicenter retrospective analysis of patients with mRCC treated with nivolumab, the last systemic absolute neutrophil and eosinophil count before treatment with nivolumab was used to calculate the NER. An additive Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify the cut-off point for NER considering PFS and the patients were allocated into low and high NER groups. Median OS and median PFS were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier estimator, and survival curves of groups were compared using the log-rank test. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression models were used to study OS and PFS and Fisher's exact test was performed to evaluate the association of NER with the response, toxicity, and histology. Results The 49 analyzed patients had a median follow-up of nine months. The NER cut-off was established at 48, locating 29 patients in the low NER group (NER < 48) and 20 in the high NER group (NER ≥ 48). Median PFS and median OS were significantly shorter in patients with high NER versus low NER (3 vs. 30 months (p < 0.001) and 6 vs. 24 months (p = 0.002), respectively). Multivariable analyses showed that NER (HR 3.92 (95% CI: 1.66-9.23), p = 0.002) was an independent factor for PFS and that NER (HR 3.85 (95% CI: 1.33-11.17), p = 0.013) and progressive disease (HR 5.62 (95% CI: 1.88-16.83), p = 0.002) were independent factors for OS. NER was significantly associated with objective response rate (ORR) (NER ≥ 48-12.5% vs. NER < 48-87.5%, p = 0.003), immune-related adverse events (irAEs) (NER ≥ 48-10.0% vs. NER < 48-42.9%, p = 0.014), and tumor's histology as patients of high NER group had more non-clear cell carcinoma than low NER group (35.0% vs. 7.4%, p = 0.017). Conclusion Our real-world data analysis of NER in patients with mRCC confirmed the prognostic value of this biomarker, supporting clinical utility in predicting survival. Results also suggested an association between lower NER and better ORR, and that irAEs occur more frequently in patients with a lower NER. However, further large-scale prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings and to validate this biomarker.

11.
Lupus ; 31(6): 659-665, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35332823

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The beneficial effect of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in decreasing LDL levels on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is well defined. The influence of this drug on HDL levels is still under debate and information about its effect on cholesterol reverse transport is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of HCQ on HDL levels and the transfer of lipids to this lipoprotein in SLE. METHODS: Nineteen SLE patients using only HCQ (SLE WITH HCQ), 19 SLE patients without any therapy (SLE WITHOUT THERAPY), and 19 healthy controls (CONTROL) were included. All three groups were premenopausal women age- and gender-matched. Serum lipids and apolipoproteins were determined by commercial kits. An in vitro transfer of four lipids (14C-Phospolipid, 3H-Cholesteryl ester, 3H-Triglyceride, and 14C-Unesterified cholesterol) from a radioactively labeled nanoemulsion donor to HDL was performed in all participants. RESULTS: Groups had comparable mean age, weight, height, BMI(body mass index), and waist circumference (p > .05). Mean HDL levels were higher in SLE WITH HCQ group compared to SLE WITHOUT THERAPY(58.37 ± 14.04 vs 49.79 ± 8.0 mg/dL; p < .05) but lower than CONTROL (58.37 ± 14.04 vs 68.58 ± 9.99 mg/dL; p < .05). Total cholesterol (TC) and LDL levels were also significantly lower in SLE WITH HCQ compared SLE WITHOUT THERAPY(148.16 ± 16.43 vs 167.11 ± 30.18 mg/dL; p < .05, 75.05 ± 22.52 vs 96.05 ± 25.63 mg/dL; p < .05) and CONTROL (148.16 ± 16.43 vs 174.11 ± 23.70 mg/dL; p < .05, 75.05 ± 22.52 vs 88.53 ± 20.24 mg/dL; p < .05). The in vitro lipid transfer to HDL study revealed a significant difference among the three groups (p = .002) with a higher transfer of unesterified cholesterol(UC) in SLE WITH HCQ compared to SLE WITHOUT THERAPY(5.40 ± 1.05% vs. 4.44 ± 1.05%; p < .05). The latter was significantly decreased compared to CONTROL (5.40 ± 1.05% vs. 5.99 ± 1.71%; p < .05).The percentages of transfer of triacylglycerol (4.93 ± 0.69% vs. 4.50 ± 0.69% vs. 5.14 ± 1.01%; p = .054), esterified cholesterol (5.24 ± 0.70% vs. 4.96 ± 0.89% vs. 5.69 ± 1.27%; p = .079), and phospholipid (15.67 ± 1.03% vs. 15.34 ± 1.44% vs. 16.47 ± 1.89%; p = .066) were similar among groups. CONCLUSION: The present study is the first to demonstrate that HCQ promoted a higher transfer of unesterified cholesterol which may account for the increased HDL levels in lupus patients under HCQ. This desirable effect may underlie the reported reduced atherosclerosis in SLE.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Aterosclerose , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Colesterol , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Lipoproteínas HDL , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Triglicerídeos
12.
Microbiology (Reading) ; 168(3)2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35333704

RESUMO

Pore-forming toxins (PFTs) are widely distributed in both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. PFTs can act as virulence factors that bacteria utilise in dissemination and host colonisation or, alternatively, they can be employed to compete with rival microbes in polymicrobial niches. PFTs transition from a soluble form to become membrane-embedded by undergoing large conformational changes. Once inserted, they perforate the membrane, causing uncontrolled efflux of ions and/or nutrients and dissipating the protonmotive force (PMF). In some instances, target cells intoxicated by PFTs display additional effects as part of the cellular response to pore formation. Significant progress has been made in the mechanistic description of pore formation for the different PFTs families, but in several cases a complete understanding of pore structure remains lacking. PFTs have evolved recognition mechanisms to bind specific receptors that define their host tropism, although this can be remarkably diverse even within the same family. Here we summarise the salient features of PFTs and highlight where additional research is necessary to fully understand the mechanism of pore formation by members of this diverse group of protein toxins.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas , Bactérias/metabolismo , Toxinas Bacterianas/química , Toxinas Bacterianas/genética , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros/química , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros/metabolismo , Fatores de Virulência/análise
13.
Environ Geochem Health ; 44(12): 4557-4568, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35188606

RESUMO

We studied the consequences of the long-term impact of remediated tailing ponds from the Tyrnyauz tungsten-molybdenum mining and processing factory on the environmental pollution and children living in the area. For more than 60 years, the factory has been engaged in the development of tungsten-molybdenum deposits by open-pit and mine methods and the enrichment of the extracted ore. More than 252,771 thousand tons of waste accumulated in its dumps and tailings ponds. This 170-hectare tailing pond contains more than 125 million tons of waste with arsenic, tungsten, molybdenum and other metals. To examine the possible accumulation of potentially toxic elements in children's bodies, we determined the content of heavy metals in drinking water and in the hair of children. An exfoliated buccal micronucleus test was used to determine the cytogenetic status of children. We did not find significant differences in the content of heavy metals inherent of a tailing pond in children's hair from polluted area compared to the control zone. In buccal cells of children living in the vicinity of the tailings pond, the total number of cytogenetic abnormalities was increased by 4.1 times, the total index of proliferation by 1.5 times, early destruction of the nucleus by 2 times and apoptosis by 1.2 times compared to the clean zone. Thus, we identified a genotoxic and cytotoxic effect on children living in the vicinity of the tailing ponds, which led to an increase in the number of children belonging to the medium- and high-risk groups. No correlations were found between the content of heavy metals in children's hair and the frequency of cells with cytogenetic abnormalities. Weak positive correlation was found between the content of manganese, zinc and copper in children's hair and the indicators of buccal epithelial cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Humanos , Criança , Tungstênio/toxicidade , Molibdênio/toxicidade , Mucosa Bucal , Mineração , Poluição Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluentes do Solo/análise
14.
Cureus ; 14(1): e21282, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35178330

RESUMO

Peritoneal tumors are very uncommon and among them, primary peritoneal clear cell carcinoma is extremely rare and often misdiagnosed as others subtypes. There are only 13 cases of primary peritoneal clear cell carcinoma previously reported in the literature and there are no reports about cutaneous metastasis in this setting and only brain metastases were described to be associated with other primary peritoneal carcinoma subtypes. More information about this topic is needed and so we are presenting a new case of primary peritoneal clear cell carcinoma with cutaneous and cerebral metastases in a 34-year-old female.

15.
Biofabrication ; 14(2)2022 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35172294

RESUMO

Human tissues and organs are inherently heterogeneous, and their functionality is determined by the interplay between different cell types, their secondary architecture, and gradients of signalling molecules and metabolites. To mimic the dynamics of native tissues, perfusion bioreactors and microfluidic devices are widely used in tissue engineering (TE) applications for enhancing cell culture viability in the core of 3D constructs. Still, mostin vitroscreening methods for compound efficacy and toxicity assessment include cell or tissue exposure to constant and homogeneous compound concentrations over a defined testing period. Moreover, a prevalent issue inhibiting the large-scale adoption of microfluidics and bioreactor is the tubing dependence to induce a perfusion regime. Here, we propose a compartmentalized rotational (CR) 3D cell culture platform for a stable control over gradient tissue culture conditions. Using the CR bioreactor, adjacent lanes of constructs are patterned by controlled flow dynamics to enable tissue stratification. Numerical and experimental simulations demonstrate cell seeding dynamics, as well as culture media rotational perfusion and gradient formations. Additionally, the developed system induces vertical and horizontal rotations, which increase medium exchange and homogeneous construct maturation, allowing both perfused tubing-based and tubing-free approaches. As a proof-of-concept, experiments and accompanying simulation of cellular inoculation and growth in 3D scaffold and hydrogel were performed, before the examination of a blood-brain-barrier model, demonstrating the impact of a heterotypic culture on molecular permeability under mimetic dynamic conditions. Briefly, the present work discloses the simulation of 3D dynamic cultures, and a semi-automated platform for heterotypic tissuesin vitromodelling, for broad TE and drug discovery/screening applications.


Assuntos
Engenharia Tecidual , Reatores Biológicos , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Perfusão , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
16.
Cureus ; 14(2): e22330, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35371692

RESUMO

Introduction In clinical practice, there is a binary distinction between human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive and HER2-negative (HER2-) breast cancer (BC). However, within HER2- disease, there is significant heterogeneity. Particularly, HER2- tumors that express some level of HER2 by immunohistochemistry (IHC) score 1+ or 2+/in situ hybridization (ISH) non-amplified are currently defined as HER2-low. This subgroup has shown distinct biological features compared to HER2-zero (HER2-0) BC and additionally novel antibody-drug conjugate therapies have demonstrated a potential and promising activity in HER2-low BC population. This study aims to evaluate the impact of HER2-low status in response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in HER2- BC being HER2-low and HER2-0 status. Materials and methods In a single institution, we retrospectively reviewed clinical and pathological data of HER2 early-stage BC patients treated with NACT following definitive surgery from January 2015 to December 2020. Tumors with HER2 IHC 0 were classified as HER2-0 and IHC score 1+ and 2+/ISH non-amplified as HER2-low. The primary objective was to evaluate the rate of pathological complete response (pCR) using the definition of ypT0/Tis ypN0 according to HER2-low and HER2-0 subgroups. Secondary objectives were to evaluate biological features between the two subgroups, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS). Pearson chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Mann-Whitney tests were performed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot DFS and OS curves. A p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results A total of 72 patients with HER2 BC were included with a median age at diagnosis of 52.5 years and a median follow-up time of 35.5 months. Of patients, 56.9% had HER2-low disease and 43.1% had HER2-0 disease. Significant differences between the two subgroups were detected regarding hormonal receptor status and proliferation grade (Ki67). In the HER2-low subgroup, 70% of tumors were luminal-like and 64.5% of HER2-0 patients had triple-negative BC (p = 0.03). There were statistically significant differences regarding estrogen (p = 0.00) and progesterone (p = 0.02) receptors. The median Ki67 rate was higher in the HER2-0 subset (mean rank = 43.9) compared to HER2-low (mean rank = 30.9) and this difference was statistically significant (p = 0.00). HER2-low patients presented more stage III tumors (65.9%) and HER2-0 patients were mainly stage II (61.3%), and this was statistically relevant (p = 0.03). The prevalence of other clinical and pathological features was comparable between both groups. HER2-low subgroup achieved lower pCR rates (14.6% vs. 29.0%) but this difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.15). Similarly, there was no difference between the two subgroups regarding DFS (p = 0.97) and OS (p = 0.35), although the data were immature. Conclusion As in prior studies, this study did not support a significant impact of HER2-low status on response to NACT in HER2- patients with early-stage BC. HER2-low patients had a lower pCR, which may suggest a worse response to classic chemotherapy regimen and may have clinical implications that should be further exploited. The prevalence of hormonal receptors in HER2-low tumors was consistent with previous data in the literature. Although retrospective, the data suggest that HER2-low tumors should be regarded as a distinct biological subtype and more research is warranted.

17.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(12): e26002, 2021 12 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34889740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence of the need to consider cultural factors in the design and implementation of digital health interventions. However, there is still inadequate knowledge pertaining to the aspects of the Saudi Arabian culture that need to be considered in the design and implementation of digital health programs, especially in the context of home health care services for patients who are chronically and terminally ill. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the specific cultural factors related to patients and their caregivers from the perspective of physicians, nurses, and trainers that have influenced the pilot implementation of Remotely Accessible Healthcare At Home, a connected health program in the Home Health Care department at King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A qualitative study design was adopted to conduct a focus group discussion in July 2019 using a semistructured interview guide with 3 female and 4 male participants working as nurses, family physicians, and information technologists. Qualitative data obtained were analyzed using a thematic framework analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2 categories emerged from the focus group discussion that influenced the experiences of digital health program intervention: first, culture-related factors including language and communication, cultural views on using cameras during consultation, nonadherence to web-based consultations, and family role and commitment and second, caregiver characteristics in telemedicine that includes their skills and education and electronic literacy. Participants of this study revealed that indirect contact with patients and their family members may work as a barrier to proper communication through the Remotely Accessible Healthcare At Home program. CONCLUSIONS: We recommend exploring the use of interpreters in digital health, creating awareness among the local population regarding privacy in digital health, and actively involving direct family members with the health care providers.


Assuntos
Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Telemedicina , Cuidadores , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Arábia Saudita
18.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e252575, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932635

RESUMO

Increased anxiety and depressive symptoms have reported to be its association with long term illness. Because of having unwanted effects of newly available drugs, patients administering anxiolytic drugs usually discontinue the treatment before they are completely recovered. Therefore, there is a serious need to develop new anxiolytic drugs. The anxiolytic effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Agaricus blazei in animal models was assessed. 24 male mice (Mus musculus genus) were included in the study. Four groups were prepared and each group contained six animals. The groups were vehicle control, positive control (diazepam 1.0 mg/kg, i.p.) as well as two treatment groups receiving Agaricus blazei hydro-alcoholic extract at a dose of 136.50 mg/kg and 273.0 mg/kg orally. The Marble burying test, Nestlet shredding test and Light and Dark box test used to assess anxiolytic activity. Mice administered with diazepam 1.0 mg/kg, i.p. while hydro-alcoholic extract of AbM (136.50 and 273.0 mg/kg, respectively) was administered via oral route which exhibited marked reduction in number of marbles-burying as compared to vehicle control group. Mice administered with diazepam 1.0 mg/kg, i.p. and Oral administration of hydro-alcoholic extract of AbM (136.50 and 273.0 mg/kg, respectively) exhibited significant decrease in nestlet shredding in comparison to vehicle control group. The oral administration of hydro-alcoholic extract at a dose of 136.5mg/kg and 273mg/kg showed elevation in time spent in light box and was comparable to standard treated group while time spent by mice following oral administration of hydro-alcoholic extract of Agaricus blazei at a dose of 273.0 mg/kg also showed elevation and was found to be more near to standard treated group (diazepam 1 mg/kg, i.p.).


Assuntos
Agaricus , Comportamento Exploratório , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Camundongos
19.
Acta biol. colomb ; 26(3): 439-448, sep.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360038

RESUMO

RESUMEN La producción de orégano es de relevancia económica en el noroeste de México. Sin embargo, los productores para obtener altos rendimientos recurren a la fertilización química, pero su mal uso, agudiza la salinidad. Lippia palmeri crece de manera natural en suelos áridos, pobres en materia orgánica, alta salinidad y temperatura en el noroeste de México. En el contexto de una agricultura sustentable, los microorganismos mantienen la fertilidad del suelo e incrementan la productividad de la planta. Actualmente existe interés en proponer biofertilizantes en la agricultura de alta intrusión salina y elevadas temperaturas para el cultivo de orégano. Las Halobacterias Promotoras del Crecimiento de Plantas (HPCP), se han destacado por beneficiar a los cultivos nutrimentalmente y mitigar el efecto de la salinidad. El objetivo del presente trabajo consistió en identificar termo- y halo-tolerantes HPCP asociadas a la rizosfera de L. palmeri; se evaluó la actividad solubilizadora de fosfatos, producción de ácidos orgánicos, sideróforos y fijación de nitrógeno; se identificaron mediante el gen ARNr-16S aquellas con alta actividad evaluándose su efecto en la germinación y longitud radicular. Quince diferentes colonias sobresalieron al crecer en NaCl (0.25, 0.50 y 0.75 M) a 35 y 45 °C, destacando tres bacterias identificadas: Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus subtilis y Bacillus licheniformis. El efecto en la longitud radicular es significativo por la aplicación de B. amyloliquefaciens. Estudios relacionados con la promoción vegetal deben ser considerados en posteriores estudios. Este es el primer informe de B. amyloliquefaciens como una bacteria fijadora de nitrógeno asociada a L. palmeri.


ABSTRACT The production of oregano is of economic relevance in northwestern Mexico. However, to obtain high yields, producers resort to chemical fertilization, but its misuse increases salinity. Lippia palmeri Watts is a species of oregano that naturally grows in arid soils with poor organic matter, high salinity and temperature in the northwestern Mexico. In the context of sustainable agriculture, microorganisms activate soil fertility and increase plant productivity. Currently there is interest in proposing biofertilizers in the agriculture with high saline intrusion and temperatures for the cultivation of oregano. The Plant Growth Promoting Halobacteria (HPCP) have stood out by the beneficiary of the nutritious crops and mitigate the effect of the salinity. The goal of this work was to identify HPCP associated to the rhizosphere of L. palmeri, thermo and halotolerant; phosphate solubilizing activity, organic acid production, siderophores and nitrogen fixation were evaluated; the highest activity colonies were identified by the rRNA-16S gene and the effect on germination and root length was evaluated. Fifteen different colonies stood out when growing in NaCl (G.25, G.5G and G.75 M) at 35 and 45 °C, from which three bacteria were identified: Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis. The effect on root length was significant for B. amyloliquefaciens. Studies related to plant promotion should be involved in subsequent studies. This is the first report of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens as a nitrogen fixing bacteria associated with Lipia palmeri.

20.
Mod Rheumatol ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated cardiac function in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients by 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) and to assess possible associations with clinical, laboratorial, and treatment data. METHODS: A group of 42 JIA patients and 42 healthy controls were evaluated using both conventional echocardiography and 2DSTE. JIA patients underwent clinical and laboratory assessment. RESULTS: Conventional echocardiography data demonstrated normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction in both groups (71 vs. 71%; p = .69). 2DSTE analysis demonstrated that JIA patients presented significantly lower LV global systolic longitudinal strain (LVGLS) (-18.76 vs. -22%; p < .0001), LV systolic strain rate (LVSSR) (1.06 vs. 1.32 s-1; p < .0001), LV diastolic strain rate (LVDSR) (1.58 vs. 1.8 s-1; p < .0137), right ventricular global systolic strain (RVGLS) (-24.1% vs. -27.7%; p = .0002), and right ventricular systolic strain rate (RVSSR) (1.4 vs. 1.8 s-1; p = .0035). JIA patients under biological agents presented higher LVGLS (p = .02) and RVLS (p = .01). We also detected an association between LVGLS and C-reactive protein [CRP; -20% in normal CRP (10/42) vs. -18% in elevated CRP patients (32/42), p = .03]. CONCLUSIONS: JIA patients present different echocardiographic status from healthy patients. Moreover, our data suggest that JIA patients under biological agents present association with better cardiac function as shown by strain analysis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...