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1.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(18): 5891-5896, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30786125

RESUMO

The azafullerene Tb2 @C79 N is found to be a single-molecule magnet with a high 100-s blocking temperature of magnetization of 24 K and large coercivity. Tb magnetic moments with an easy-axis single-ion magnetic anisotropy are strongly coupled by the unpaired spin of the single-electron Tb-Tb bond. Relaxation of magnetization in Tb2 @C79 N below 15 K proceeds via quantum tunneling of magnetization with the characteristic time τQTM =16 462±1230 s. At higher temperature, relaxation follows the Orbach mechanism with a barrier of 757±4 K, corresponding to the excited states, in which one of the Tb spins is flipped.

2.
Exp Brain Res ; 179(3): 443-56, 2007 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17136520

RESUMO

The size-weight illusion induced by visually perceived sizes was reexamined to investigate whether this illusion is a sensory based or cognitive-based phenomenon. A computer-augmented environment was utilized to manipulate visual size information of target objects independently of their haptic information. Two physical cubes of equal mass (30.0 g) and size (3.0 x 3.0 x 3.0 cm) were suspended in parallel by wires attached to small graspable rings, in order to keep haptically obtained information constant between lifts. Instead of directly seeing each physical cube, subjects viewed 3D graphics of a cube with a wire and a ring that were precisely superimposed onto each physical cube. Seventeen subjects vertically lifted these augmented cubes, one after the other, by grasping the attached rings, and then reported their perception of cube heaviness. The graphical size of a comparison cube pseudo randomly varied for every comparison from 1.0 x 1.0 x 1.0 to 9.0 x 9.0 x 9.0 cm, while that of a standard cube remained constant (5.0 x 5.0 x 5.0 cm). Results indicated that the size-weight illusion frequently and systematically occurred for all the subjects such that when the comparison cube was relatively smaller than the standard cube, it was perceived to be heavier, and vice versa. As the size difference increased between the standard cube and the comparison cube, more subjects experienced the illusion, and vice versa. Follow-up tests showed occurrence of the size-weight illusion was significantly correlated with subject's sensitivity to discriminate weight, but not with sensitivity to discriminate visual size. Results suggest that the size-weight illusion induced by only visual size cues in an augmented environment is sensory based, and depends on an individual's integrated perception based on multimodal sensory information.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Sinais (Psicologia) , Ilusões/fisiologia , Tato/fisiologia , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Adulto , Retroalimentação/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Neurológicos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Estimulação Luminosa
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