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JAMA Intern Med ; 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329221


Importance: The long-term prognostic implications of myocardial ischemia documented during stress testing in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) are unclear. Objective: To assess whether documented stress testing-induced myocardial ischemia is associated with major adverse cardiovascular events or ventricular function changes in patients with stable multivessel CAD. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective cohort study was conducted using data from a single-center randomized clinical trial (Medicine, Angioplasty, or Surgery Study [MASS] II) to examine the association of myocardial ischemia documented during stress testing at baseline with cardiovascular events and ventricular function changes during follow-up. Participants were previously randomized (May 1, 1995, to May 31, 2000) to medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention with bare metal stents, or coronary artery bypass grafting. Event-free survival was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and multivariable Cox regression models were calculated to assess the association between ischemia and the primary composite end point. The vital status was determined on February 28, 2011. Data were analyzed from February 1, 2016, to April 1, 2017. Main Outcomes and Measures: Cardiovascular events (overall mortality, myocardial infarction, and revascularization for refractory angina) were tracked from the time of randomization to the end of the 10-year follow-up (mean [SD] duration, 11.4 [4.3] years). Myocardial ischemia was assessed at baseline and at 1-year intervals by exercise stress testing, and ventricular function (left ventricular ejection fraction) was assessed by echocardiography at baseline and after 10 years. Patients with documented ischemia were compared with those without ischemia regarding the outcomes and changes in ventricular function. Results: Of 611 participants, 535 underwent exercise stress testing at baseline: 270 with documented ischemia and 265 without. Of these 535 patients, 373 (69.7%) were men, and the mean (SD) age for the entire cohort was 59.7 (9.2) years. No association was found between the presence of ischemia at baseline and survival free of combined cardiovascular events (hazard ratio, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.80-1.27; P = .95) after multivariable adjustment that included CAD initial randomized treatments. In addition, among 320 patients who underwent echocardiographic evaluation, the slight decline in left ventricular ejection fraction after 10 years was similar in both groups (median [SD] difference, -4.9% [18.7%] vs -6.6% [20.0%], respectively, for groups with and without ischemia; P = .97). Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, regardless of the therapeutic strategy applied, the presence of documented myocardial ischemia did not appear to be associated with an increased occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events or changes in ventricular function in patients with multivessel CAD during a long-term follow-up.

In. Consolim-Colombo, Fernanda M; Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Izar, Maria Cristina de Oliveira. Tratado de Cardiologia: SOCESP / Cardiology Treaty: SOCESP. São Paulo, Manole, 4ª; 2019. p.139-146.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009069
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590726


Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with a worse prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD); however, there is limited randomized data on long-term outcomes of CAD therapies in these patients. We evaluated long-term outcomes of CKD patients with CAD who underwent randomized therapy with medical treatment (MT) alone, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Methods: Baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was obtained in 611 patients randomized to one of three therapeutic strategies in the Medicine, Angioplasty, or Surgery Study II trial. Patients were categorized in preserved renal function and mild or moderate CKD groups depending on their eGFR (≥90, 89-60 and 59-30 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively). The primary clinical endpoint, a composite of overall death and myocardial infarction, and its individual components were analyzed using proportional hazards regression (Clinical Trial registration information: Registration number: ISRCTN66068876). Results: Of 611 patients, 112 (18%) had preserved eGFR, 349 (57%) mild dysfunction and 150 (25%) moderate dysfunction. The primary endpoint occurred in 29.5, 32.4 and 44.7% (P = 0.02) for preserved eGFR, mild CKD and moderate CKD, respectively. Overall mortality incidence was 18.7, 23.8 and 39.3% for preserved eGFR, mild CKD and moderate CKD, respectively (P = 0.001). For preserved eGFR, there was no significant difference in outcomes between therapies. For mild CKD, the primary event rate was 29.4% for PCI, 29.1% for CABG and 41.1% for MT (P = 0.006) [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.07-0.88; P = 0.03 for PCI versus MT; and adjusted HR = 0.48; 95% CI 0.31-0.76; P = 0.002 for CABG versus MT]. We also observed higher mortality rates in the MT group (28.6%) compared with PCI (24.1%) and CABG (19.0%) groups (P = 0.015) among mild CKD subjects (adjusted HR = 0.44, 95% CI 0.25-0.76; P = 0.003 for CABG versus MT; adjusted HR = 0.56, 95% CI 0.07-4.28; P = 0.58 for PCI versus MT). Results were similar with moderate CKD group but did not achieve significance. Conclusions: Coronary interventional therapy, both PCI and CABG, is associated with lower rates of events compared with MT in mild CKD patients >10 years of follow-up. More study is needed to confirm these benefits in moderate CKD.

Angiology ; : 3319718804402, 2018 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286625


It was a randomized trial, and 308 patients undergoing revascularization were randomly assigned: 155 to off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) and 153 to on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB). End points were freedom from death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, and cerebrovascular accidents. The rates for 10-year, event-free survival for ONCAB versus OPCAB were 69.6% and 64%, (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.86-1.02; P = .41), respectively. Adjusted Cox proportional hazard ratio was similar (HR: 0.92; 95% CI 0.61-1.38, P = .68). A difference occurred between the duration of OPCAB and ONCAB, respectively (4.9 ± 1.5 vs 6.6 ± 1.1 h, P < .001). Statistical differences occurred between OPCAB and ONCAB in the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay (20 ± 2.5 vs 48 ± 10 hours, P < .001), time to extubation (5.5 ± 4.2 vs 10.2 ± 3.5 hours, P < .001), hospital stay (6.7 ± 1.4 vs 9.2 ± 1.3 days, P < .001), higher incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF; 33 vs 5 patients, P < .001), and blood requirements (46 vs 64 patients, P < .001). Grafts per patient was higher in ONCAB (3.15 vs 2.55 grafts, P < .001). No difference existed between the groups in primary composite end points at 10-year follow-up. Although OPCAB surgery was related to a lower number of grafts and higher incidence of AF, it had no effects related to long-term outcomes.

Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(2): 137-146, Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-794558


Abstract Background: Studies have shown different mortalities due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), ischemic heart disease (IHD) and cerebrovascular diseases (CbVD) in the five Brazilian regions. Socioeconomic conditions of those regions are frequently used to justify differences in mortality due to those diseases. In addition, studies have shown a reduction in the differences between the mortality rates of the five Brazilian regions. Objective: To update CVD mortality data in women and men in the five Brazilian regions. Methods: Mortality and population data were obtained from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics and Ministry of Health. Risk of death was adjusted by use of the direct method, with the 2000 world standard population as reference. We analyzed trends in mortality due to CVD, IHD and CbVD in women and men aged ≥ 30 years in the five Brazilian regions from 1980 to 2012. Results: Mortality due to: 1) CVD: showed reduction in the Northern, West-Central, Southern and Southeastern regions; increase in the Northeastern region; 2) IHD: reduction in the Southeastern and Southern regions; increase in the Northeastern region; and unchanged in the Northern and West-Central regions; 3) CbVD: reduction in the Southern, Southeastern and West-Central regions; increase in the Northeastern region; and unchanged in Northern region. There was also a convergence in mortality trends due to CVD, IHD, and CbVD in the five regions. Conclusion: The West-Central, Northern and Northeastern regions had the worst trends in CVD mortality as compared to the Southeastern and Southern regions. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2016; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).

Resumo Fundamento: Estudos mostraram diferentes mortalidades por doenças cardiovasculares (DCV), doença isquêmica do coração (DIC) e doenças cerebrovasculares (DCbV) nas cinco regiões do Brasil. Particularidades socioeconômicas entre as cinco regiões são frequentemente usadas para justificar diferenças na mortalidade por essas doenças. Estudos também mostraram redução das diferenças entre as taxas de mortalidade das cinco regiões do Brasil. Objetivo: Atualizar os dados de mortalidade por DCV em mulheres e homens nas cinco regiões do país. Métodos: Os dados populacionais e de mortalidade foram obtidos do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística e do Ministério da Saúde. O risco de morte foi ajustado pelo método da padronização direta, tendo como referência a população mundial em 2000. Foram analisadas as tendências da mortalidade por DCV, DIC e DCbV em mulheres e homens com ≥ 30 anos de idade nas cinco regiões do Brasil no período de 1980-2012. Resultados: Observou-se na mortalidade: 1) por DCV: redução nas regiões Norte, Centro-Oeste, Sul e Sudeste; aumento na região Nordeste; 2) por DIC: redução nas regiões Sudeste e Sul; aumento na região Nordeste; e inalterada nas regiões Norte e Centro-Oeste; 3) por DCbV: redução nas regiões Sul, Sudeste e Centro-Oeste; aumento na região Nordeste; e inalterada na região Norte. Observou-se também convergência das tendências da mortalidade por DCV, DIC e DCbV nas cinco regiões. Conclusão: As regiões Centro-Oeste, Norte e Nordeste tiveram as maiores taxas de mortalidade por DCV comparadas às regiões Sudeste e Sul. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2016; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).