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1.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336870

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the external validity of recent antihyperglycaemic trials evaluating cardiovascular outcomes in a multimorbid population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Selection criteria of 15 randomized controlled trials from the 2020 American Diabetes Association Standard of Care statement were applied in a stepwise manner to tertiary care patients with type 2 diabetes. Primary outcomes were the number of patients eligible per individual trial and for the aggregate of trials. Secondary outcomes included patient predictors of trial eligibility. RESULTS: Of 1059 patients, the mean (SD) age was 66 (10.74) years, the median (IQR) Charlson index was 2 (2, 3) and 458 (43%) had documented cardiovascular disease. The median (IQR) number of patients included in individual trials was 263 (174.25-308.75) and 795 (75.1%) of them were eligible for at least one trial. Among those 264 ineligible, 127 (48.1%) had an HbA1c level of 7% or less and no cardiovascular disease; 53.5% and 34.4% of the patients were eligible for two and three different classes of drugs, respectively. The strongest predictor of trial eligibility was cardiovascular disease (risk ratio 2.17, 95% CI 2.01-2.35). CONCLUSIONS: A considerable proportion of multimorbid patients would be eligible for recent antihyperglycaemic trials. This positive finding can be attributed to development guidance in diabetes trials and the different approach we took, in which we evaluated inclusion by trials as an aggregate.

2.
Bernoche, Claudia; Timerman, Sergio; Polastri, Thatiane Facholi; Giannetti, Natali Schiavo; Siqueira, Adailson Wagner da Silva; Piscopo, Agnaldo; Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Reis, Amélia Gorete Afonso da Costa; Tanaka, Ana Cristina Sayuri; Thomaz, Ana Maria; Quilici, Ana Paula; Catarino, Andrei Hilário; Ribeiro, Anna Christina de Lima; Barreto, Antonio Carlos Pereira; Azevedo, Antonio Fernando Barros de Filho; Pazin, Antonio Filho; Timerman, Ari; Scarpa, Bruna Romanelli; Timerman, Bruno; Tavares, Caio de Assis Moura; Martins, Cantidio Soares Lemos; Serrano, Carlos Vicente Junior; Malaque, Ceila Maria Sant'Ana; Pisani, Cristiano Faria; Batista, Daniel Valente; Leandro, Daniela Luana Fernandes; Szpilman, David; Gonçalves, Diego Manoel; Paiva, Edison Ferreira de; Osawa, Eduardo Atsushi; Lima, Eduardo Gomes; Adam, Eduardo Leal; Peixoto, Elaine; Evaristo, Eli Faria; Azeka, Estela; Silva, Fabio Bruno da; Wen, Fan Hui; Ferreira, Fatima Gil; Lima, Felipe Gallego; Fernandes, Felipe Lourenço; Ganem, Fernando; Galas, Filomena Regina Barbosa Gomes; Tarasoutchi, Flavio; Souza, Germano Emilio Conceição; Feitosa, Gilson Soares Filho; Foronda, Gustavo; Guimarães, Helio Penna; Abud, Isabela Cristina Kirnew; Leite, Ivanhoé Stuart Lima; Linhares, Jaime Paula Pessoa Filho; Moraes, Junior João Batista de Moura Xavier; Falcão, João Luiz Alencar de Araripe; Ramires, Jose Antônio Franchini; Cavalini, José Fernando; Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Abrão, Karen Cristine; Pinto, Lecio Figueira; Bianchi, Leonardo Luís Torres; Lopes, Leonardo Nícolau Geisler Daud; Piegas, Leopoldo Soares; Kopel, Liliane; Godoy, Lucas Colombo; Tobase, Lucia; Hajjar, Ludhmila Abrahão; Dallan, Luís Augusto Palma; Caneo, Luiz Fernando; Cardoso, Luiz Francisco; Canesin, Manoel Fernandes; Park, Marcelo; Rabelo, Marcia Maria Noya; Malachias, Marcus Vinícius Bolívar; Gonçalves, Maria Aparecida Batistão; Almeida, Maria Fernanda Branco de; Souza, Maria Francilene Silva; Favarato, Maria Helena Sampaio; Carrion, Maria Julia Machline; Gonzalez, Maria Margarita; Bortolotto, Maria Rita de Figueiredo Lemos; Macatrão-Costa, Milena Frota; Shimoda, Mônica Satsuki; Oliveira-Junior, Mucio Tavares de; Ikari, Nana Miura; Dutra, Oscar Pereira; Berwanger, Otávio; Pinheiro, Patricia Ana Paiva Corrêa; Reis, Patrícia Feitosa Frota dos; Cellia, Pedro Henrique Moraes; Santos Filho, Raul Dias dos; Gianotto-Oliveira, Renan; Kalil Filho, Roberto; Guinsburg, Ruth; Managini, Sandrigo; Lage, Silvia Helena Gelas; Yeu, So Pei; Franchi, Sonia Meiken; Shimoda-Sakano, Tania; Accorsi, Tarso Duenhas; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci; Guimarães, Vanessa; Sallai, Vanessa Santos; Ávila, Walkiria Samuel; Sako, Yara Kimiko.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(3): 449-663, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1038561
3.
Rev Bras Reumatol Engl Ed ; 56(2): 95-100, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27267520

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac involvement is frequent in inflammatory myopathies. Electrocardiogram (ECG) may show evidence of this involvement and its changes should be well-known and described. OBJECTIVES: Due to the lack of studies in the literature, we conducted an analysis of the ECG findings in patients with dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM), comparing them with a control group. METHODS: This cross-sectional study compared the ECG of 86 individuals with no rheumatic disorders (controls) with 112 patients (78 DM and 34 PM), during 2010-2013. The ECG findings between DM and PM were also compared. RESULTS: Demographic characteristics, comorbidities and ECG abnormalities were similar between controls and patients (p>0.05), except for a higher frequency of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients (10.7% vs. 1.2%, p=0.008). Demographic characteristics, comorbidities, clinical and laboratory manifestations, were also similar between the groups PM and DM, except for the presence of cutaneous lesions only in DM. One-third of the patients had ECG abnormalities, which were more prevalent in PM than DM (50% vs. 24.4%, p=0.008). LVH, left atrial enlargement, rhythm and conduction abnormalities were more frequent in PM than DM (p<0.05 for all), especially the left anterior fascicular block. CONCLUSIONS: We showed distinct ECG changes between DM and PM and a higher frequency of LVH in patients compared to controls. Investigation of cardiac involvement should be considered even in asymptomatic patients, especially PM. Further studies are necessary in order to determine the correlation of ECG findings with other complementary tests, clinical manifestations, disease activity and progression to other cardiac diseases.


Assuntos
Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Polimiosite/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Coração , Humanos
4.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(2): 95-100, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-780946

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: Cardiac involvement is frequent in inflammatory myopathies. Electrocardiogram (ECG) may show evidence of this involvement and its changes should be well-known and described. Objectives: Due to the lack of studies in the literature, we conducted an analysis of the ECG findings in patients with dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM), comparing them with a control group. Methods: This cross-sectional study compared the ECG of 86 individuals with no rheumatic disorders (controls) with 112 patients (78 DM and 34 PM), during 2010 to 2013. The ECG findings between DM and PM were also compared. Results: Demographic characteristics, comorbidities and ECG abnormalities were similar between controls and patients (p > 0.05), except for a higher frequency of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients (10.7% vs. 1.2%, p = 0.008). Demographic characteristics, comorbidities, clinical and laboratory manifestations, were also similar between the groups PM and DM, except for the presence of cutaneous lesions only in DM. One third of the patients had ECG abnormalities, which were more prevalent in PM than DM (50% vs. 24.4%, p = 0.008). LVH, left atrial enlargement, rhythm and conduction abnormalities were more frequent in PM than DM (p < 0.05 for all), especially the left anterior fascicular block. Conclusions: We showed distinct ECG changes between DM and PM and a higher frequency of LVH in patients compared to controls. Investigation of cardiac involvement should be considered even in asymptomatic patients, especially PM. Further studies are necessary in order to determine the correlation of ECG findings with other complementary tests, clinical manifestations, disease activity and progression to other cardiac diseases.


RESUMO Introdução: Acometimento cardíaco nas miopatias inflamatórias é frequente. Eletrocardiograma (ECG) pode mostrar indícios desse acometimento e suas alterações devem ser bem conhecidas e descritas. Objetivos: Devido à escassez de trabalhos na literatura, analisamos as alterações de ECG em pacientes com dermatomiosite (DM) e polimiosite (PM) e as comparamos com um grupo controle. Métodos: Este estudo transversal comparou ECGs de 86 indivíduos sem doenças reumatológicas (controles) com 112 pacientes (78 DM e 34 PM), de 2010 a 2013. Também comparamos os ECGs entre DM e PM. Resultados: Características demográficas, comorbidades e alterações de ECG foram semelhantes entre controles e pacientes (p > 0,05), exceto pela maior frequência de sobrecarga de ventrículo esquerdo (SVE) nos pacientes (10,7% vs. 1,2%; p = 0,008). Características demográficas, comorbidades, manifestações clínicas e laboratoriais também foram semelhantes entre os grupos PM e DM, exceto por lesões cutâneas apenas em pacientes com DM. Um terço dos pacientes apresentou alterações de ECG, que foram mais prevalentes em PM do que em DM (50% vs. 24,4%, p = 0,008). Sobrecarga de câmaras esquerdas (SCE), distúrbios do ritmo e da condução foram mais encontrados em PM do que em DM (p < 0,05 para todos), sobretudo o bloqueio divisional do ramo anterossuperior. Conclusões: Encontramos alterações distintas de ECG entre PM e DM e frequência aumentada de SVE em pacientes quando comparados com controles. Investigação do acometimento cardíaco nessas doenças deve ser considerada mesmo em pacientes assintomáticos, especialmente em se tratando de PM. Mais estudos são necessários para correlacionar os achados de ECG com outros exames complementares, manifestações clínicas, atividade das miopatias e evolução para outras doenças cardíacas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Polimiosite/diagnóstico , Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Coração
5.
An Bras Dermatol ; 88(4): 635-8, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24068142

RESUMO

Cutaneous mucinosis is a group of conditions involving an accumulation of mucin or glycosaminoglycan in the skin and its annexes. It is described in some connective tissue diseases but never in association with mixed connective tissue disease. This report concerns two cases of cutaneous mucinosis in patients with mixed connective tissue disease in remission; one patient presented the papular form, and the other reticular erythematous mucinosis. These are the first cases of mucinosis described in mixed connective tissue disease. Both cases had skin lesions with no other clinical or laboratorial manifestations, with clinical response to azathioprine in one, and to an association of chloroquine and prednisone in the other.


Assuntos
Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/patologia , Mucinoses/patologia , Adulto , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Mucinoses/complicações
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(4): 635-638, ago. 2013. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-686504

RESUMO

Cutaneous mucinosis is a group of conditions involving an accumulation of mucin or glycosaminoglycan in the skin and its annexes. It is described in some connective tissue diseases but never in association with mixed connective tissue disease. This report concerns two cases of cutaneous mucinosis in patients with mixed connective tissue disease in remission; one patient presented the papular form, and the other reticular erythematous mucinosis. These are the first cases of mucinosis described in mixed connective tissue disease. Both cases had skin lesions with no other clinical or laboratorial manifestations, with clinical response to azathioprine in one, and to an association of chloroquine and prednisone in the other.


A mucinose cutânea é um grupo de condições em que há um acúmulo de mucina ou glicosaminoglicanos na pele e seus anexos. É descrita em algumas doenças do tecido conjuntivo, porem nunca em associação com doença mista do tecido conjuntivo. Relatamos dois casos de mucinose cutânea em pacientes com doença mista do tecido conjuntivo em remissão, um apresentava-se sob a forma papular e outro sob a forma reticular eritematosa de mucinose. Estes são os primeiros casos de mucinose descritos na doença mista do tecido conjuntivo. Ambos os casos apresentaram o quadro cutâneo de modo isolado, sem nenhuma outra manifestação clínico-laboratorial, havendo resposta à azatioprina em um e à cloroquina associada a prednisona no outro.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/patologia , Mucinoses/patologia , Biópsia , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Mucinoses/complicações
7.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 52(1): 98-106, jan.-fev. 2012. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-611474

RESUMO

A artrite psoriásica (APs) é uma doença articular sistêmica e polimórfica de apresentação e curso clínico variáveis, associada a comorbidades importantes como diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial e dislipidemia. Para o diagnóstico precoce da doença é necessário alto grau de suspeita clínica, sobretudo quando as manifestações cutâneas são sutis e pouco definidas. Doença erosiva progressiva pode ocorrer em até metade dos pacientes, associada a alterações anatômicas e funcionais em cerca de 20 por cento, de modo que o prognóstico da APs permanece obscuro, especialmente se diagnóstico e tratamento forem tardios. Fundamentados em ampla revisão da literatura (PubMed e Lilacs) e experiência dos nossos serviços, novos conceitos de imunogenética, fisiopatologia, aspectos clínicos e terapêuticos serão discutidos. Fatores que reduzem a qualidade e a expectativa de vida dos pacientes e novas diretrizes que norteiam um tratamento mais precoce e efetivo serão enfatizados. O controle do processo inflamatório, especialmente nas formas axiais e entesíticas da APs, tornou-se possível graças à introdução dos medicamentos biológicos anti-TNF. Finalmente, o papel do GRAPPA (Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis) deve ser ressaltado, já que promove reuniões e estudos conjuntos entre reumatologistas e dermatologistas no sentido de fornecer evidências científicas para as amplas mudanças no manejo clínico e terapêutico de pacientes com APs.


Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a systemic, polymorphic joint disease with variable presentation and clinical course. The outcome depends on the association with severe comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Early diagnosis requires a high degree of clinical suspicion, especially when skin manifestations are subtle and poorly defined. Progressive erosive disease can occur in up to half of patients, associated with anatomical and functional changes in about 20 percent. Thus, the prognosis of PsA remains unclear, especially if diagnosis and treatment are delayed. Based on extensive literature review (PubMed and Lilacs) and experience of our services, new concepts of immunogenetics, pathophysiology, and clinical and therapeutic aspects are discussed. Factors that reduce the quality of life and life expectancy of patients, as well as new guidelines for treatment, will be emphasized. Control of inflammation, especially in enthesitis and axial forms of PsA, was made possible due to the introduction of anti-TNF biologics. Finally, the role of GRAPPA (Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis) should be emphasized, since it promotes meetings and joint studies between rheumatologists and dermatologists to provide scientific evidence for the sweeping changes in clinical management and treatment of patients with PsA.


Assuntos
Humanos , Artrite Psoriásica , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/etiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/terapia
8.
Rev Bras Reumatol ; 52(1): 98-106, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22286649

RESUMO

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a systemic, polymorphic joint disease with variable presentation and clinical course. The outcome depends on the association with severe comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Early diagnosis requires a high degree of clinical suspicion, especially when skin manifestations are subtle and poorly defined. Progressive erosive disease can occur in up to half of patients, associated with anatomical and functional changes in about 20%. Thus, the prognosis of PsA remains unclear, especially if diagnosis and treatment are delayed. Based on extensive literature review (PubMed and Lilacs) and experience of our services, new concepts of immunogenetics, pathophysiology, and clinical and therapeutic aspects are discussed. Factors that reduce the quality of life and life expectancy of patients, as well as new guidelines for treatment, will be emphasized. Control of inflammation, especially in enthesitis and axial forms of PsA, was made possible due to the introduction of anti-TNF biologics. Finally, the role of GRAPPA (Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis) should be emphasized, since it promotes meetings and joint studies between rheumatologists and dermatologists to provide scientific evidence for the sweeping changes in clinical management and treatment of patients with PsA.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/etiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/terapia , Humanos
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