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1.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20200332, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813842

RESUMO

Objectives This randomized, split-mouth, single-blinded trial assessed whether the use of reservoirs in at-home bleaching trays is equivalent to non-reservoir trays. Our choice of an equivalence trial was based on the expectation that a non-reservoir tray is sufficient to produce a color change. Secondary outcomes such as tooth sensitivity (TS) and gingival irritation (GI) were also assessed. Methodology Forty-six patients were selected with canines shade A2 or darker. In half of the patient's arch, bleaching trays were made with reservoirs and the other half, without reservoirs. At-home bleaching was performed with carbamide peroxide (CP) 10% (3 h daily; 21 days). Color change was evaluated with a digital spectrophotometer (ΔE, ΔE00, and Whiteness Index) and shade guide units (ΔSGU) at baseline, during and one-month post-bleaching. TS and GI were assessed with a numeric scale (NRS) and a visual analog scale (VAS). Results After one month, the equivalence of reservoir and non-reservoir groups were observed in all color instruments (p>0.05). Fifteen and sixteen patients presented pain (absolute risk: 33% and 35%, 95%, confidence interval (CI) 21-46% and 23-49%) in the reservoir and non-reservoir side, respectively. The odds ratio for pain was 0.8 (95%CI 0.2-3.0) and the p-value was non-significant (p=1.0). TS intensity was similar between both groups in any of the pain scales (p>0.05). No difference in the GI was observed (p>0.05). Conclusions The protocol with reservoirs is equivalent in color change to the non-reservoir, although no superiority of the latter was observed in terms of reduced TS and GI with at-home 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching. Clinical Relevance The presence of reservoirs in a bleaching tray did not improve color change or affect tooth sensitivity and gingival irritation.

2.
Braz Dent J ; 31(3): 236-243, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667516

RESUMO

This study aimed to quantify the penetration of hydrogen peroxide, color change evaluation, surface morphology, and composition after application of desensitizing agents before in-office bleaching. Fifty premolars were sectioned, an acetate buffer was placed in the pulp chamber and divided into five groups (n=10). In the positive control group, only the in-office bleaching gel was used, and in the negative control group, no treatment was used. Three different desensitizing agents were applied: Desensibilize KF2%® group; Mi Paste® group, and Desensibilize Nano-P® group. The bleaching procedure was carried out with 35% HP. The absorbance of the resulting solution was determined in a spectrophotometer. Color change was assessed by using a digital spectrophotometer. Four additional premolars were assigned to the same groups above for analysis under scanning electron microscope, as well as to evaluate the elemental composition with X-ray dispersive energy spectrometry. Data were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). All products reduced the penetration of HP in the pulp chamber. Mi Paste and Nano P were the products that yielded the lowest HP penetration, which was similar to the negative control group (p<0.001). No significant difference was detected in color change (p<0.001). Concerning enamel morphology, the groups that were analyzed after bleaching were observed a greater deposition of desensitizing agents on the surface. The use of desensitizing agents before tooth bleaching seems to be an alternative to reduce adverse effects of the tooth.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Esmalte Dentário , Cavidade Pulpar , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2): 1-8, 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1096444

RESUMO

Objective: This study's aim was to quantify the hydrogen peroxide (HP) penetration into the pulp chamber of teeth submitted to different protocols of bleaching. Material and Methods: Ninety premolars were randomly divided into nine groups according to the bleaching agent protocol (n = 10): control (no bleaching), carbamide peroxide 10% [10% CP], carbamide peroxide 16% [16% CP], carbamide peroxide 22% [22% CP], hydrogen peroxide 4% [4% HP], hydrogen peroxide 6% [6% HP], hydrogen peroxide 7.5% [7.5% HP], hydrogen peroxide 10% [10% HP] and hydrogen peroxide 35% [35% HP]. The penetration of HP was measured via spectrophotometric analysis of the acetate buffer solution from the pulp chamber. The absorbance of the resulting solution was determined in a spectrophotometer and converted into equivalent concentration of HP (µg/ mL). To analyze the concentration of HP, the titration of bleaching agents with potassium permanganate was used. Data were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey's test for pairwise comparison (α = 0.05). Results: Higher concentration of HP in the pulp chamber was found in the HP 35% group (p < 0.0001). No significant difference between at-home protocols were observed (p = 0.64). Titration values showed that the concentration of the products was similar to that claimed by the manufacturer. Conclusion: It follows that the amount of HP that reaches the pulp chamber is not proportional to the concentration of whitening gels, but depends on the application time recommended by the manufacturers (AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi quantificar a penetração do peróxido de hidrogênio (PH) na câmara pulpar dos dentes submetidos a diferentes protocolos de clareamento. Material e Métodos: Noventa pré-molares foram divididos aleatoriamente em nove grupos, de acordo com o protocolo do agente clareador (n = 10): controle (sem clareamento), peróxido de carbamida 10% [PC 10%], peróxido de carbamida 16% [PC 16%], peróxido de carbamida 22% [PC 22%], peróxido de hidrogênio 4% [PH 4%], peróxido de hidrogênio 6% [PH 6%], peróxido de hidrogênio 7,5% [PH 7,5%], peróxido de hidrogênio 10% [PH 10%] e peróxido de hidrogênio 35% [PH 35%]. A penetração de PH foi medida por análise espectrofotométrica da solução de tampão de acetato da câmara pulpar. A absorvância da solução resultante foi determinada em um espectrofotômetro e convertida em concentração equivalente de PH (µg / mL). Para analisar a concentração de PH, foi utilizada a titulação de agentes clareadores com permanganato de potássio. Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA e teste de Tukey para comparação pareada (α = 0,05). Resultados: Foi encontrada maior concentração de PH na câmara pulpar no grupo PH 35% (p < 0,0001). Não foi observada diferença significativa entre os protocolos domiciliares (p = 0,64). Os valores de titulação mostraram que a concentração dos produtos era semelhante à reivindicada pelo fabricante. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a quantidade de PH que atinge a câmara pulpar não é proporcional à concentração de géis clareadores, porém depende do tempo de aplicação recomendado pelos fabricantes.(AU)


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Permeabilidade do Esmalte Dentário , Clareadores , Peróxido de Carbamida , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
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