Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 70
Filtrar
1.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 125: 104949, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736029

RESUMO

Polylactic acid (PLA), pure magnesium powder, and calcium phosphate powder were used to form a three-phase degradable biomedical composite. The effects of various powder proportions in polylactic acid-Mg-Ca3(PO4)2 composites were analyzed through mechanical and biological tests, which revealed that both the tensile and impact strength of the composite increased. Additionally, ductility presented only after a small proportion of powder was added. Hardness slightly increased because of dispersion strengthening. Furthermore, the addition of pure magnesium and calcium phosphate accelerated the degradation rate, and biocompatible salts were generated after degradation, which can improve healing and renewal in bone tissue. None of the composites exhibited cytotoxicity, meeting biological safety requirements. Overall, PLA10M10C (10 wt.% Mg, 10 wt.% Ca3(PO4)2) exhibited superior performance. Accordingly, PLA10M10C can serve as a reference for degradable biomedical material applications in orthopedic implants.

2.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 724282, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733841

RESUMO

Although RNA m6A regulators have been implicated in the tumorigenesis of several different types of tumors, including pancreatic cancer, their clinical relevance and intrinsic regulatory mechanism remain elusive. This study analyzed eight m6A regulators (METTL3, METTL14, WTAP, FTO, ALKBH5, and YTHDF1-3) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and found that only RNA m6A demethylase ALKBH5 serves as an independent favorable prognostic marker for this tumor. To better understand the molecular mechanism underlying the protective effect conferred by ALKBH5 against pancreatic tumorigenesis, we performed a transcriptome-wide analysis of m6A methylation, gene expression, and alternative splicing (AS) using the MIA PaCa-2 stable cell line with ALKBH5 overexpression. We demonstrated that ALKBH5 overexpression induced a reduction in RNA m6A levels globally. Furthermore, mRNAs encoding ubiquitin ligase FBXL5, and mitochondrial iron importers SLC25A28 and SLC25A37, were identified as substrates of ALKBH5. Mechanistically, the RNA stabilities of FBXL5 and SLC25A28, and the AS of SLC25A37 were affected, which led to their upregulation in pancreatic cancer cell line. Particularly, we observed that downregulation of FBXL5 in tumor samples correlated with shorter survival time of patients. Owing to FBXL5-mediated degradation, ALKBH5 overexpression incurred a significant reduction in iron-regulatory protein IRP2 and the modulator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) SNAI1. Notably, ALKBH5 overexpression led to a significant reduction in intracellular iron levels as well as cell migratory and invasive abilities, which could be rescued by knocking down FBXL5. Overall, our results reveal a previously uncharacterized mechanism of ALKBH5 in protecting against PDAC through modulating regulators of iron metabolism and underscore the multifaceted role of m6A in pancreatic cancer.

3.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 17: 3325-3343, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795484

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize and critically assess the reliability of the methodological quality and outcome measures from systematic reviews (SRs)/meta-analyses (MAs) and provide an overall verdict about the therapeutic value of acupuncture for perimenopausal insomnia (PMI). Methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature search for SRs/MAs of seven major databases (English and Chinese). For each included review, the methodological quality was appraised according to the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR-2), the evidence quality was classified on the basis of the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE), and reporting quality was evaluated complying with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 2009 (PRISMA-2009). Veritas plots were used to quantify the quality of included SRs/MAs. Results: Nine SRs/MAs were deemed eligible for the present overview. Considering the assessment of results from the AMSTAR-2 checklist, the methodological quality of one SR/MA was considered low, and the remaining eight were critically low. Major methodological deficiencies were concentrated on item 2 (the lack of protocol and/or registration information), item 7 (the lack of a list of excluded studies), and item 10 (the lack of reports on funding sources for individual studies included in the SRs/MAs). For the GRADE system, of the 25 outcomes, only three (12%) were rated as moderate-quality, while the remaining 22 were rated between low- and very low-quality. The PRISMA-2009 statement indicated three major reporting quality limitations in most SRs/MAs, namely: 1) only search terms without specific retrieval strategy; 2) incomplete descriptions for study characteristics, particularly the specific dosage and frequency of interventions in treatment/control groups; and 3) inadequate investigation and explanation of the source of high heterogeneity among original randomized control trials included. According to Veritas plots, quality rank scores of included SRs/MAs ranged from 3.3 to 8.3, with an average score of 6.4 ± 1.7. Conclusion: Acupuncture appears to be beneficial for PMI management, but the quality of evidence is weakened by the unsatisfactory quality of both SRs/MAs and original trials included.

4.
Nat Sci Sleep ; 13: 1823-1863, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675729

RESUMO

Comorbid depression and insomnia are ubiquitous mental complaints among women going through the perimenopausal stage of life and can result in major decline in quality of life. Antidepressive agents combined with/without hypnotics, and/or hormone therapy are currently the most common treatment for perimenopausal depression (PMD) and insomnia (PMI). Balancing the benefits of these pharmacotherapies against the risk of adverse events (AEs) is a difficult task for both clinicians and women. There has been a growing body of research regarding the utilization of acupuncture for treatment of PMD or PMI, whereas no studies of acupuncture for comorbid PMD and PMI have appeared. In this review, we summarize the clinical and preclinical evidence of acupuncture as a treatment for PMD or PMI, and then discuss the potential mechanisms involved and the role of acupuncture in helping women during this transition. Most clinical trials indicate that acupuncture ameliorates not only PMD/PMI but also climacteric symptoms with minimal AEs. It also regulates serum hormone levels. The reliability of trials is however limited due to methodological flaws in most studies. Rodent studies suggest that acupuncture prolongs total sleep time and reduces depression-like behavior in PMI and PMD models, respectively. These effects are possibly mediated through multiple mechanisms of action, including modulating sex hormones, neurotransmitters, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis/hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axis, oxidative stress, signaling pathways, and other cellular events. In conclusion, acupuncture is a promising therapeutic strategy for comorbid depression and insomnia during perimenopause. Neuroendocrine modulation is likely to play a major role in mediating those effects. High-quality trials are required to further validate acupuncture's effectiveness.

5.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction relief is one of the major procedures during the total correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Pulmonary insufficiency (PI) is usually inevitable after a transannular incision with a patch repair is performed. Therefore, some surgeons advocate to place a monocusp valve within the transannular patch (TAP) in order to decrease the severity of the PI. However, the monocusp valve seemed not be very effective in some patients who underwent the complete TOF repair. METHODS: Patients who had the classic form of TOF between January 2009 and January 2017 and underwent the corrective surgery with a TAP by the same cardiovascular surgeon were identified for further analysis. Clinical information including demographics at operation, perioperative data, and postoperative outcome were collected retrospectively and compared between the group with and without a monocusp valve. RESULTS: A total of 24 TOF cases were included in the final analysis, and 16 (66.7%) patients received a monocusp valve placement. The patients' characteristics before and during the surgery were similar between the two groups. The median duration of chest tube drainage after the total correction in the monocusp group was longer than those without the valve (p = 0.04). There was no difference in the immediate postoperative data, including the inflammation/infection status, the duration of mechanical ventilation, and the length of ICU and hospital stay. CONCLUSION: Implantation of a monocusp valve during the total TOF correction using a TAP did not bring benefit to improve the immediate postoperative outcomes, especially the duration of the pleural drainage. Further study with a prospective design and a larger number of cases is needed.

6.
J Clin Med ; 10(18)2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown an association between CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥ 75 years, diabetes mellitus, stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), vascular disease, age 65 to 74 years, sex category) score and outcome of acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and chest pain. As pneumonia can affect the cardiovascular system, this study aimed to investigate the performance of the CHA2DS2-VASc score for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) risk stratification in patients with pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective population-based cohort study including 61,843 patients with pneumonia. These patients were divided into two cohorts that were stratified based on the presence or absence of underlying atrial fibrillation (AF). We calculated the CHA2DS2-VASc score and incidence density rates of MACEs in each cohort. Cox regression was conducted to calculate hazard ratio of MACEs in pneumonia patients. The diagnostic performance of CHA2DS2-VASc with regard to MACEs was tested using the receiver operator characteristic curve. RESULTS: Pneumonia patients with higher CHA2DS2-VASc score were more likely develop MACEs in both the AF and non-AF groups. In the AF group, the areas under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity were 0.824 (0.7773-0.8708), 0.7, and 0.84 respectively. In the non-AF group, the AUC, sensitivity, and specificity were 0.8185 (0.8152-0.8217), 0.75, and 0.83 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The CHA2DS2-VASc score showed good performance in the prediction of MACE in patients with pneumonia.

7.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-9, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403292

RESUMO

Children with hematological malignancies are at increased risk of hepatitis B virus infection. This study assessed the immunogenicity and safety profile of HBV vaccination in pediatric hemato-oncological children. A nonrandomized interventional study was conducted from January 2017 to February 2020 in Shanghai, China. Seventy-three pediatric hemato-oncological children with hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) titers <10 mIU/ml were recruited. The participants received three doses of recombinant HBV vaccine according to the 0-, 1-, and 6- month immunization schedule. Adverse events following immunization and anti-HBs titers (at baseline, 1 month, and 6 months after inoculation) were recorded. Forty-three males and thirty females with median ages of 9.12 and 9.60 years, respectively, were included. The mean anti-HBs titer was 4.88 ± 2.61 mIU/ml, 893.12 ± 274.12 mIU/ml, and 711.45 ± 337.88 mIU/ml at baseline, one month, and six months after inoculation, respectively (P< .001). A total of fourteen adverse events following immunization were reported, and among them, 5 (6.85%), 5 (6.85%), and 4 (5.48%) events were reported after the first, second, and third inoculation, respectively (P= .927). In conclusions, the HBV vaccine is immunogenic and safe in children with hematological malignancies. It is worth noting that the anti-HBs titer was decreased at the 6-month follow-up, and periodic monitoring of the anti-HBs titer accompanied by timely booster vaccination should be carefully considered.Abbreviations: AEFI: Adverse events following immunization; HBV: Hepatitis B virus; Anti-HBs: Antibody against hepatitis B surface antigen; HBsAg: Hepatitis B surface antigen; APC: Antigen-presenting cell; HSCT: Hemopoietic stem cell transplantation; COVID-19: Corona Virus Disease 2019.

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443961

RESUMO

This study investigated the microstructure, mechanical properties, impact toughness, and erosion characteristics of Al-10Si-Mg alloy specimens manufactured using the selective laser melting (SLM) method with or without subsequent T6 heat treatment. Furthermore, the erosion phase transformation behavior of the test specimens was analyzed, and the effect of the degradation mechanism on the tensile mechanical properties and impact toughness of the SLM Al-10Si-Mg alloy specimens before and after particle erosion was compared. The experimental results indicated that the Al-10Si-Mg alloy subjected to T6 heat treatment has better erosion resistance than the as-fabricated material. The tensile strength and fracture toughness of both specimen groups decreased due to the formation of microcracks on the surface caused by particle erosion. Nevertheless, the erosion-induced silicon nanoparticle solid solution softens the Al matrix and improves the elongation of the SLM Al-10Si-Mg alloy.

9.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 666988, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34122180

RESUMO

Background: Many women with perimenopausal depression (PMD) have sought alternative therapies such as acupuncture because of concerns about risks associated with antidepressant and hormone replacement therapy (HRT). This systematic review aimed to clarify if acupuncture is effective for PMD compared with waitlist control or placebo/sham acupuncture, and if acupuncture alone or combined with standard care (antidepressant and/or HRT) is more effective in ameliorating PMD in comparison with standard care alone. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of PMD treatment via acupuncture vs. waitlist control or placebo/sham acupuncture, and RCTs of PMD treatment via acupuncture alone or combined with Western pharmacotherapy vs. Western pharmacotherapy were searched for from seven databases from inception to December 2020. Cochrane criteria were followed. Results: Twenty-five studies involving 2,213 women were analyzed. Meta-analyses indicated that acupuncture significantly reduced the global scores of Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) [standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.54, 95% CI (-0.91, -0.16), p < 0.01], compared with standard care. The therapeutic effect of acupuncture maintained at 2-, 4-, and 12-week follow-ups. Acupuncture combined with standard care was more effective than standard care alone in decreasing HAMD scores [SMD = -0.82, 95% CI (-1.07, -0.58), p < 0.01]. Too few RCTs were available to assess the clinical efficacy differences between acupuncture and placebo/sham acupuncture or HRT alone. Acupuncture also showed better effects in decreasing Kupperman index (KI) scores, whether compared with antidepressant alone [MD = -4.55, 95% CI (-8.46, -0.65), p = 0.02] or antidepressant combined with HRT [MD = -0.89, 95% CI (-1.34, -0.43), p < 0.01]. Conclusions: In comparison with standard care, acupuncture alone or combined with standard care was associated with significant improvements in PMD and reductions of other menopausal symptoms. This finding suggests that acupuncture may be a useful addition to treatment for PMD.

10.
Front Immunol ; 12: 642546, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33936059

RESUMO

Background: Vaccination is the best way to protect children under 5 years from death or disability. Children with biliary atresia (BA), which is the most common pediatric cholestatic end-stage liver disease (PELD), are more vulnerable to infectious diseases. However, the vaccination coverage and factors modulating vaccine responses in children with BA are largely unknown. Methods: In this study, 288 children (median age: 7 months) diagnosed with BA before liver transplantation were enrolled for the evaluation of vaccination status and the factors affecting the immune response to the hepatitis B (HBV) vaccine. Moreover, 49 BA children (median age: 4 months) were enrolled for flow cytometric analysis of CD4+ T cells and CD19+ B cell subsets and correlations with serum bile acid levels. Results: Generally, these children had very low routine vaccination rates for the meningococcal serogroup AC (Men AC) (41.2%), measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) (31.3%), poliomyelitis (Polio) (25.3%), hepatitis A (HAV) (25.0%), Japanese encephalitis (JE) (15.0%), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) (14.2%), meningococcal serogroup A (Men A) (13.5%) and varicella (VAR) (10.8%) vaccines, but not for the HBV (96.2%) and bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) (84.7%) vaccines. Remarkably, 19.8% (57/288) of the patients had HBV infection. Out of 220 patients vaccinated for HBV, 113 (51.4%), 85 (38.6%) and 22 (10%) had one, two or three doses of the HBV vaccine, respectively. Furthermore, logistic regression analysis revealed that the bile acid level was an independent factor associated with poor HBV vaccine response (p = 0.03; OR = 0.394; 95% CI = 0.170-0.969). Immunophenotyping showed that bile acids were only negatively correlated with the CD19+CD27+IgG+ post-class-switched memory B cell ratio (p = 0.01). Conclusion: This study reveals the overall vaccination rates of routine vaccines in Chinese BA children are very low and the poor HBV vaccine responses are associated with bile acids, possibly via the inhibition of CD19+CD27+IgG+ post-class-switched memory B cell response. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.chictr.org.cn, identifier ChiCTR1800019165.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/sangue , Atresia Biliar , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/imunologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33986818

RESUMO

Background: Many women with perimenopausal insomnia (PMI) have sought alternative therapies such as acupuncture because of concerns about risks associated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and/or psychotropic drugs. This systematic review aimed to clarify if acupuncture alone or combined with standard Western pharmacotherapy (HRT and/or psychotropic drugs) is more effective in ameliorating PMI in comparison to pharmacotherapy alone. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of PMI treatment via acupuncture alone or combined with Western pharmacotherapy versus Western pharmacotherapy were searched for from eleven databases from inception to March 2020. Cochrane criteria were followed. Results: Fifteen studies involving 1410 women were analyzed. Meta-analysis indicated that acupuncture significantly reduced the global scores of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) [MD = -2.38, 95% CI (-3.38, -1.37), p < 0.01] and Kupperman Index [MD = -5.95, 95% CI (-10.68, -1.21), p = 0.01], compared with hypnotics. Acupuncture combined with hypnotics was more effective than hypnotics alone in decreasing PSQI scores [MD = -3.13, 95% CI (-5.43, -0.83), p < 0.01]. Too few RCTs were available to investigate the clinical efficacy differences between acupuncture and HRT/psychotropic drugs other than hypnotics. Conclusions: Despite limited evidence, in comparison to hypnotics, acupuncture was associated with significant improvements in PMI, and reductions of other menopausal symptoms. This finding suggests that acupuncture may be a useful addition to treatment for PMI.

12.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(5): 418, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33842639

RESUMO

Background: Bone morphogenetic protein 5 (BMP5) has been identified as one of the important risk factors for microtia; however, the link between them has yet to be clarified. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate the relationship of BMP5 with mitochondrial function and investigate the specific role of mitochondria in regulating microtia development. Methods: BMP5 expression was measured in auricular cartilage tissues from patients with and without microtia. The effects of BMP5 knockdown on cellular function and mitochondrial function were also analyzed in vitro. Changes in genome-wide expression profiles were measured in BMP5-knockdown cells. Finally, the specific impact of BMP5 down-regulation on mitochondrial fat oxidation was analyzed in vitro. Results: BMP5 expression was down-regulated in the auricular cartilage tissues of microtia patients. BMP5 down-regulation inhibited various cellular functions in vitro, including cell proliferation, mobility, and cytoactivity. The functional integrity of mitochondria was also damaged, accompanied by a decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species (ROS) neutralization, and reduced adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production. Carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 2 and diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2, two of the key regulators of mitochondrial lipid oxidation, were also found to be decreased by BMP5 down-regulation. Conclusions: Down-regulation of BMP5 affects glycerolipid metabolism and fatty acid degradation, leading to mitochondrial dysfunction, reduced ATP production, and changes in cell function, and ultimately resulting in microtia. This research provides supporting evidence for an important role of BMP5 down-regulation in affecting mitochondrial metabolism in cells, and sheds new light on the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of microtia.

13.
Sleep Med ; 80: 244-259, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of acupuncture for treating primary insomnia (PI) has been explored in several meta-analyses where the outcomes measures were based on subjective self-reported sleep rating scales. Sleep state misperception is common in PI and self-reports underestimate sleep duration and quality. No systematic reviews or meta-analyses have investigated the efficacy of acupuncture in improving objective sleep measures in PI. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to determine whether objective sleep parameters are improved by acupuncture in patients with PI. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials treating PI via verum-acupuncture versus sham-/placebo-acupuncture or waitlist control were searched for in English [MEDLINE (via PubMed), Sciverse ScienceDirect, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), AMED, Springer, EMBASE (Elsevier), Ebsco Medline, and PsycINFO (ProQuest)] and Chinese (SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang and CQVIP) databases, from the dates of the databases' inception to January 2020. The parameters of polysomnography (PSG), actigraphy, or micromovement sensitive mattress/pillow sleep monitoring systems were considered as the primary outcome measures. Revman 5.3 and Stata 16.0 software were used to conduct the meta-analysis. Heterogeneity was examined by using I2 statistics and publication bias was assessed via Egger's test. RESULTS: Eleven studies involving 775 patients met the inclusion criteria. The results of meta-analysis suggested that acupuncture can increase total sleep time [MD = 55.29, 95%CI (29.16, 81.42), p < 0.01], increase sleep efficiency [MD = 8.96, 95%CI (3.97, 13.95), p < 0.01], decrease wake after sleep onset [MD = -49.54, 95%CI (-82.98, -16.09), p < 0.01], and reduce number of awakening times [MD = -6.29, 95%CI (-10.75, -1.82), p < 0.01] compared with either sham-/placebo-acupuncture or waitlist control. Subsequent analysis indicated a superior effect for verum-acupuncture in comparison with sham-/placebo-acupuncture or waitlist-control when the recommended lowest threshold dosage (12 sessions) was met. Despite positive outcomes, most studies reviewed were heterogeneous and at risk of bias due to methodological issues. CONCLUSIONS: Despite limited evidence, acupuncture was significantly associated with improvements in several objective sleep parameters (increases in total sleep time and sleep efficiency, and reductions in wake after sleep onset and number of awakening times) as well as subjective sleep quantity and quality in patients with PI. A minimum therapeutic threshold dosage (≥12 sessions) is recommended. Well-designed RCTs using PSG are required to clarify the influence of acupuncture on sleep architecture/structure and to promote better application of acupuncture as a treatment for PI.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Humanos , Polissonografia , Sono , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/terapia
14.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 57(3): 106281, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465459

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of colistin in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after intraventricular (IVT) administration of colistin methanesulfonate (CMS) for central nervous system (CNS) infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Ten patients with CNS infection were treated with CMS (active substance colistin equivalent to 100 000 units, every 24 h) by IVT administration. After 3 days of treatment, the concentration of colistin in the CSF was determined by selective ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) at 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 h after CMS administration. A pharmacokinetic analysis was performed using Phoenix WinNonlin. Following IVT administration of CMS, the estimated colistin apparent CSF half-life (t1/2) was 10.46 ± 6.98 h, the average peak colistin concentration (Cmax) was 16.95 ± 7.39 µg/mL and the average time to peak concentration (Tmax) was 4.6 ± 0.97 h. The measured trough concentration (Cmin; colistin concentration in CSF at 24 h after administration of CMS) was 1.12-8.33 µg/mL and the average Cmin was 2.91 ± 2.11 µg/mL. CSF concentrations of colistin were above the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.5 µg/mL at 24 h after IVT administration in all patients. Microbiological cure was observed in all patients. In conclusion, this is the first study of colistin pharmacokinetics in CSF after IVT administration alone in patients with CNS infection. It provides essential data for designing relatively safe and effective CMS dosing regimens.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Colistina/administração & dosagem , Colistina/farmacocinética , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Infecções Bacterianas do Sistema Nervoso Central/microbiologia , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/química , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Feminino , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/microbiologia , Humanos , Injeções Intraventriculares , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
15.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-11, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439093

RESUMO

The wedge-tailed green pigeon (Treron sphenurus) has a protective value in the evolution of the family Columbidae. In this study, the complete mitogenome of T. sphenurus from Baise City, China, which represents the first sequenced species of the genus Treron in Tribe Treronini, is reported. This was accomplished using PCR-based methods and a primer-walking sequencing strategy with genus-specific primers. The mitogenome was found to be 18,919 bp in length comprising 37 genes, including 13 protein-coding genes, two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and one control region. In terms of structure and composition, many similarities were found between the T. sphenurus and Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae (New Zealand pigeon) mitogenomes. This was further supported by phylogenetic analysis showing that T. sphenurus has a close evolutionary relationship with H. novaeseelandiae. The complete mitogenome of T. sphenurus reported here is expected to provide valuable molecular information for further studies on the phylogeny of the genus Treron and for analyses of the taxonomic status of the family Columbidae.

16.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 5(2): 1236-1237, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33366924

RESUMO

We first reported the mitochondrial genome of Centropus bengalensis. The mitogenome of C. bengalensis contains 17,117 base pairs. The overall base composition of complete mitogenome is 28.15% A, 27.95% T, 21.86% C, and 22.04% G, with 43.90% of the GC content. All genes exhibit the typical mitochondrial gene arrangement and transcribing directions. Phylogenetic analysis of 4 Centropus species was performed based on the sequence of cytochrome b gene using the neighbor-joining method and the Kimura 2-parameter model in MEGA 7.0.

17.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 40(10): 518-530, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioma, the most frequent primary tumor of the central nervous system, has poor prognosis. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway and angiogenesis play important roles in glioma growth, invasion, and recurrence. The present study aimed to use proteomic methods to probe into the role of the EGF-EGFR-angiogenesis axis in the tumorigenesis of glioma and access the therapeutic efficacy of selumetinib on glioma. METHODS: Proteomic profiling was used to characterize 200 paired EGFR-positive and EGFR-negative glioma tissues of all pathological types. The quantitative mass spectrometry data were used for systematic analysis of the proteomic profiles of 10 EGFR-positive and 10 EGFR-negative glioma cases. Consensus-clustering analysis was used to screen target proteins. Immunofluorescence analysis, cell growth assay, and intracranial xenograft experiments were used to verify and test the therapeutic effect of selumetinib on glioma. RESULTS: Advanced proteomic screening demonstrated that the expression of EGF-like domain multiple 7 (EGFL7) was higher in EGFR-positive tumor tissues than in EGFR-negative tumor tissues. In addition, EGFL7 could act as an activator in vitro and in vivo to promote glioma cell proliferation. EGFL7 was associated strongly with EGFR and prognosis. EGFL7 knockdown effectively suppressed glioma cell proliferation. Selumetinib treatment showed tumor reduction effect in EGFR-positive glioblastoma xenograft mouse model. CONCLUSIONS: EGFL7 is a potential diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target of glioma. Selumetinib could target the EGFR pathway and possibly improve the prognosis of EGFR-positive glioma.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio , Família de Proteínas EGF , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico , Glioma , Adulto , Animais , Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , Movimento Celular , Fatores de Crescimento Endotelial/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Proteômica , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Heart Surg Forum ; 23(2): E101-E106, 2020 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA), a very rare congenital cardiac anomaly, is associated with a high mortality rate among infants who are not diagnosed or treated in a timely manner. Surgical intervention with the reconstruction for a two-coronary-system circulation is the main treatment; however, there have been very few reported cases from Taiwan. In this study, we aim to describe the clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods, surgery types, and surgical outcomes in patients with ALCAPA from a single Taiwanese medical center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients diagnosed with ALCAPA who underwent surgery at our institution between January 2001 and October 2018. Clinical presentations, noninvasive and invasive study results, surgical methods, and postoperative follow-up results were assessed from medical records. Moreover, literature on this particular cardiovascular anomaly was reviewed. RESULTS: The study included 6 patients (5 children and 1 adult). The diagnosis was confirmed using cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography in four patients and only echocardiography in two patients. All patients underwent surgical correction and survived. Four patients showed improvements in left ventricular function and mitral regurgitation (MR). CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis and timely surgical intervention could avoid mortality regardless of the method of operation. ALCAPA can be definitively diagnosed using noninvasive echocardiography. Both left ventricular systolic function and mitral insufficiency could improve after the surgical intervention in pediatric patients. Repair or replacement of the mitral valve could be reserved for persistent MR complicated with congestive heart failure, particularly in patients who received the initial operation beyond infancy.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Bland-White-Garland/diagnóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Síndrome de Bland-White-Garland/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Bland-White-Garland/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan , Adulto Jovem
19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 5901573, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32337259

RESUMO

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common health condition affecting senile people and leads to severe cognitive dysfunctions. Acupuncture has been shown to be a possible alternative natural remedy for AD in some animal studies. Objective: To perform a systematic review to identify the effect of verum-acupuncture compared with sham-acupuncture on learning and memory performance among animal models of AD. Methods: Experimental animal studies of treating AD via verum- and sham- acupuncture were searched in nine electronic databases, including Sciverse ScienceDirect, PubMed, Springer, Ebsco Medline, AMED, EMBASE (Elsevier), Scopus (Elsevier), PsycINFO (ProQuest), and OVID from the dates of the databases' inception to June 2019. The Morris water maze test was considered as an outcome measure. The software Revman 5.3 and Stata 16.0 were used to conduct the meta-analysis. Heterogeneity was examined by using I2 statistics. The publication bias was assessed via Begg's test by Stata 16.0. Results: Twelve studies involving 229 animals met the inclusion criteria. Most of the studies had a moderate quality according to SYRCLE's risk of bias tool for animal studies. The results of the meta-analysis indicated that verum-acupuncture could reduce the escape latency (MD = -12.90, 95% CI (-17.08, -8.71), p < 0.001) and increase the time spent in the original platform quadrant (MD = 7.28, 95% CI (4.23, 10.33), p < 0.001) and frequency of the crossing former platform (MD = 2.01, 95% CI (1.53, 2.50), p < 0.001) compared with the sham-acupuncture. Conclusions: Acupuncture is effective in improving cognitive functions in AD animal models, and this benefit is more than just a placebo effect. Further clinical trials are needed to confirm the findings.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Animais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Modelos Animais de Doenças
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32331821

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to demonstrate in an animal model that helical stents made from a nickel titanium alloy called nitinol (NiTi) and designed for malacic airways could be delivered and removed without significant trauma while minimally impeding mucus clearance during the period of implantation. METHODS: Stents were delivered and removed from the tracheas of healthy 20 kg swine (n = 5) using tools designed to minimize trauma. In 4-week experiments, the stents were implanted on day 0, removed after 3 weeks, and swine were put to death after 4 weeks. Weekly bronchoscopies, radiographs, and mucus clearance examinations were performed in vivo. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and scanning electron microscopy imaging were used to evaluate foreign body response, tracheal tissue reaction, and damage and to measure unciliated regions. RESULTS: In all in vivo experiments, the stent was implanted and removed atraumatically. Mucus clearance was maintained throughout the experiment period. Hematoxylin and eosin-stained slides showed that foreign body response and tracheal tissue damage were localized to the stented subsections. Tracheal tissue reaction and damage was further restricted to the epithelium and submucosal layers. Scanning electron microscopy imaging revealed that the cilia were absent only over the contact area between the trachea and the wire forming the helical stent. CONCLUSIONS: Helical nitinol stents designed to provide radial support for malacic airways were well tolerated in a porcine model, providing for mucus clearance while also enabling atraumatic removal.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...