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1.
Orv Hetil ; 160(46): 1816-1820, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707819

RESUMO

Basic life support (BLS) teaching by peer-educators to school-age students was studied by evaluating their effectiveness. BLS resuscitation was taught by the internationally accepted four-stage skill teaching approach. The effectiveness of the training was followed by sociological measuring instruments (n = 91). Compared to the students' previous knowledge and attitudes about resuscitation, an increased willingness to adapt to an unexpected situation can be observed besides acquiring a reproducible method of CPR. The findings did not show significant age differences. Sensitivity and technical training in lay resuscitation is a successful educational process. The applied peer-education model is suitable for transferring resuscitation knowledge and skills. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(46): 1816-1820.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Grupo Associado , Instituições Acadêmicas
2.
Orv Hetil ; 159(16): 628-635, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29658279

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A survey that investigates the situation of physicians working at neonatal intensive care (NIC) centres has not been made since 1997. AIM: To give an overview of the sociodemographic characteristics; personal and professional problems; the satisfaction with their job and family roles; their levels of healthy lifestyle; resources in the families of physicians working at NIC. METHOD: We have made an examination in Hungary at NIC among physicians from April 2015 till January 2016, with an anonym self-fill-in questionnaire. RESULTS: The physicians involved in the research (n = 111) are representatively middle-aged people. They are well-qualified and hold a subordinate post. Most of them have second jobs. The manager and deputy-manager positions are characteristic for the men. Most of them live in family. The main problems for them are financial and professional difficulties, not the family or personal problems. They have conflicts in families because of finding partners and having children as well as job problems. They are satisfied with their parenting, partnership and professional roles but they are not contented with their family role as a financial safety provider person and as a person living a healthy life. In difficult situations in their life, they can count on friends and family members, furthermore they can rely on their workmates and superiors. CONCLUSION: It is the first research that focuses on the general situation of physicians working at level 3 NIC centres. This is the first time when a survey investigates their professional-personal-family life. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(16): 628-635.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Satisfação no Emprego , Neonatologistas/normas , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neonatologistas/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Orv Hetil ; 159(12): 485-490, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29552923

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND AIM: In the case of primary school children in Budapest (n = 165), data on their social status and their previous knowledge on hand hygiene were elicited with the help of pre-knowledge questionnaires issued by students of higher education. The aim of the research was introducing a novel pedagogical procedure - application and optimization of peer education in the development of proper hand hygiene among primary school students. METHOD: The knowledge-based survey was conducted after four (n = 85) and eight hours of teaching (n = 36). In addition, the effectiveness of hand washing was tested immediately before (n = 166) and after the four (n = 74) and eight hours of teaching (n = 35) with Semmelweis Scanner after rubbing the hand with fluorescent cream. RESULTS: Prior knowledge of hand hygiene significantly increased after the four-hour and eight-hour trainings. In the case of smaller children, the effect of the eight-hour training was more pronounced. Similar results were obtained with regards to the changes in the number of areas missed while rubbing the surface of the hand as a result of the teaching. CONCLUSION: Sociological surveys on hand hygiene knowledge and direct physical measurements indicate that training with appropriate pedagogical procedures is effective and contributes to the environmentally conscious hygiene culture of children aged 6 to 10. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(12): 485-490.


Assuntos
Desinfecção das Mãos/métodos , Higiene das Mãos/métodos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Criança , Feminino , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Orv Hetil ; 157(33): 1314-9, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27523314

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is much less emphasis on the survey of the laymen's attitudes towards their awareness of patients' rights and organization of care, and cooperation. AIM: The most important goal of this niche study was to explore how much laymen know about the organization of care and to assess their attitudes when they are under oncological care. METHOD: Data collection was completed in outpatient oncology departments in two different hospitals treating high number of patients (n = 271). RESULTS: 26.1% of the respondents did not collect further information about their supposed disease. 69.0% thought that the pathologist deals exclusively with the dead or did not know what their duties are. Only 39.7% of the respondents indicated that the pathologist plays a role in the diagnostic process of cancers. The latter two findings were not influenced by the respondents' level of education. CONCLUSIONS: There is a clear evidence that the majority of the respondents were not familiar with the organisationof the care in oncology and, depending on the level of their education, a high percentage does not even want to learn about it at all. The authors propose that informing the layman would lead to a higher quality of patient care, and consequently to greater patient safety. Orv. Hetil., 2016, 157(33), 1314-1319.


Assuntos
Atitude , Assistência à Saúde , Conhecimento , Oncologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/psicologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Escolaridade , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Patologia Clínica , Direitos do Paciente , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
5.
Orv Hetil ; 157(18): 712-7, 2016 May 01.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27106727

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The perception of health and sickness are culturally determined and, therefore, ethnic and religious socialization forms attitudes toward the medical system. During everyday practice, patients' rights and obligations, which are based on the norms of the major society, confront Roma minority norms. AIM: The aim of the authors was to explore the main interferences of patients' rights and obligations during the medical care of the Roma. METHOD: The authors analyzed the results of medical anthropology, health sociology, and the experience obtained from more than 40 courses about patients' rights. RESULTS: Cultural determinants, effects of the lower socioeconomic status and social-psychological mechanism equally form the situations of healthcare and the observance of patients' rights and obligations. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the misunderstandings between healthcare workers and Roma patients stem from the lack of knowledge about cultural differences. Therefore, transcultural approach and Romani studies should be significant part of graduate and postgraduate courses in the field of medical education.


Assuntos
Características Culturais , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde/etnologia , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Estilo de Vida , Direitos do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência , Roma , Normas Sociais , Diversidade Cultural , Humanos , Hungria , Roma/legislação & jurisprudência , Roma/psicologia , Roma/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Orv Hetil ; 157(2): 65-9, 2016 Jan 10.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26726141

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Health-related attitudes can be encouraged most effectively at young ages. Young generations would require more interactive methods in programs engaged in health promotion. AIM: The aim of the authors was to get an insight into the attitudes, experience and motivation of youngsters in connection with health promotion programs and the community service work. METHOD: The questionnaires were filled in by high school students studying in Budapest and in the countryside (N = 898). RESULTS: 44.4% of the students did not have lessons or extracurricular activities dealing with health promotion. Concerning health promotion programs, youngsters in Budapest had more positive experience, while female students showed a more adoptive attitude. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that in one of the most susceptible life stages, many youngsters either do not participate in programs dealing with health promotion, or participate in programs that are within the framework of school subjects or extracurricular activities building on traditional teaching methods.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Motivação , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Opinião Pública , Autorrelato , Estudantes/psicologia
8.
Orv Hetil ; 150(23): 1089-95, 2009 Jun 07.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19470425

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: The burdens of the caring and curing professions are increased in the female workforce by childbearing and the duties of childrearing, and serving a family as well. AIM: the objective of our research was to study and compare future and present family and career plans of students and active professionals (nurses and female doctors), related to their physical and mental health and conflicts. METHODS: Our cross-sectional research was carried out among female nursing college students (N = 226), female medical students (N = 117), and among professional nurses and female doctors in hospitals (N = 409). RESULTS: students consider parallel their future family and workplace roles. The number of children planned is the same as in the general population, but female medical students would like to have more children than nursing students. Professional nurses and female doctors hold both their family and workplace roles in high esteem. Role conflicts are interrelating with their career and life satisfaction, health condition, and the prevalence of psychosomatic symptoms. Their roles as a social model in health promotion are rather questionable, for their insufficient health and risk behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: we can state that there is a considerable tension and contradiction in planned and actual roles of future and present female workforce of Hungary's health care system. In many cases they are unable to fulfill requirements based on their social engagement. Relevant handicaps of nursing college students and female professional nurses are more prevalent, therefore we propose further analytic and comparative research in the future.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Família , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Hungria , Satisfação no Emprego , Saúde Mental , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Papel do Médico , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Orv Hetil ; 149(24): 1137-42, 2008 Jun 15.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18539580

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: According to our knowledge, there has never been a comprehensive research in Hungary dealing with healthcare university or college students' social background. AIM: The main objectives of our cross-section research were to analyze differences in the social background of female students who decided to become doctors, professional nurses and health visitors. METHOD: This research was conducted among female medical and nursing college students at the Semmelweis University. There were 295 students invited to participate, the response rate was 68,08% (N = 201). Data analysis was performed by SPSS software by using descriptive methods of statistics. RESULTS: We found a decisive difference among medical, nursing and health visitor students while analyzing a number of socio-demographic characteristics. Most medical students came from families where the parents had college or university degrees, but we can state that there is a minimal likelihood in the case of college students that they are descendants of parents with higher educational degrees. We did not find statistical differences in the three student sample groups regarding their marital status, but fewer nursing college students lived in marriage or household partnership. CONCLUSION: We found a significant difference in the social background of nursing college and medical students. The social disadvantages of nursing and health visitor students are more considerable than those of medical students.


Assuntos
Pais/educação , Saúde Pública/educação , Classe Social , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Pai/educação , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria , Mães/educação , Razão de Chances , Relações Pais-Filho , Fatores Socioeconômicos
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