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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(3 Supl 1): 1-104, 2017 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29044300
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(3,supl.1): 1-104, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887936
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(1): 30-38, July 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887898

RESUMO

Abstract Background: There is a physiologic elevation of total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) during pregnancy. Some authors define dyslipidemia (DLP) in pregnant women when TC, LDL and TG concentrations are above the 95th percentile (p95%) and HDL concentration is below the 5th percentile (P5%) for gestational age (GA). Objective: To compare the prevalence of DLP in pregnant women using percentiles criteria with the V Brazilian Guidelines on Dyslipidemia and the association with maternal and fetal outcomes. Results: Pregnant women with high-risk conditions, aged 18-50 years, and at least one lipid profile during pregnancy was classified as the presence of DLP by two diagnostic criteria. Clinical and laboratorial data of mothers and newborns were evaluated. Conclusion: 433 pregnant women aged 32.9 ± 6.5 years were studied. Most (54.6%) had lipid profile collected during third trimester. The prevalence of any lipid abnormalities according to the criteria of the National Guidelines was 83.8%: TC ≥ 200 mg/dL was found in 49.9%; LDL ≥ 160 mg/dL, in 14.3%, HDL ≤ 50 mg/dL in 44.4% and TG ≥ 150 mg/dL in 65.3%. Any changes of lipid according to percentiles criteria was found in 19.6%: elevation above the P95% for TC was found in 0.7%; for LDL, 1.7%; for TG 6.4% and HDL lower than the P5% in 13%. The frequency of comorbidity: hypertension, diabetes, smoking, obesity and preeclampsia was similar among pregnant women when DLP was compared by both criteria. Conclusion: The prevalence of DLP during pregnancy varies significantly depending on the criteria used, however none demonstrated superiority in association with comorbidities.


Resumo Fundamento: Durante a gestação ocorrem, fisiologicamente, elevações do colesterol total (CT) e triglicerídios (TG). Alguns autores definem dislipidemia (DLP) gestacional quando as concentrações de CT, LDL e TG são superiores ao percentil 95 (P95%) e de HDL, inferiores ao percentil 5 (P5%) para a idade gestacional. Objetivo: Comparar a prevalência da DLP em gestantes conforme critério por percentis com o da V Diretriz Brasileira de Dislipidemia e avaliar a associação com desfechos materno-fetais. Métodos: Gestantes com patologias de alto risco, idade entre 18 a 50 anos, e, pelo menos um perfil lipídico durante a gestação foram classificadas quanto à presença de DLP por dois critérios. Dados clínicos e laboratoriais das mães e neonatos foram avaliados. Resultados: Estudou-se 433 gestantes com idade de 32,9 ± 6,5 anos. A maioria (54,6%) teve o perfil lipídico coletado no terceiro trimestre. A prevalência de quaisquer das alterações lipídicas, conforme os critérios da Diretriz Nacional, foi de 83,8%: CT ≥ 200 mg/dL foi encontrado em 49,9%; LDL ≥ 160 mg/dL, em 14,3%, HDL ≤ 50 mg/dL em 44,4% e TG ≥ 150 mg/dL, em 65,3%. Quaisquer das alterações lipídicas pelo critério dos percentis foi encontrada em 19,6%: sendo que elevação superior ao P95% para CT foi encontrada em 0,7%; para LDL, em 1,7%; para TG, em 6,4% e inferiores ao P5% para o HDL em 13%. A frequência das comorbidades: hipertensão, diabetes, tabagismo, obesidade e pré-eclâmpsia foi semelhante entre as gestantes quando se comparou DLP pelos dois critérios. Conclusão: A prevalência de DLP na gestação variou significativamente conforme o critério utilizado, entretanto nenhum demonstrou superioridade na associação com comorbidades.

4.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(1): 30-38, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28591252

RESUMO

Background: There is a physiologic elevation of total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) during pregnancy. Some authors define dyslipidemia (DLP) in pregnant women when TC, LDL and TG concentrations are above the 95th percentile (p95%) and HDL concentration is below the 5th percentile (P5%) for gestational age (GA). Objective: To compare the prevalence of DLP in pregnant women using percentiles criteria with the V Brazilian Guidelines on Dyslipidemia and the association with maternal and fetal outcomes. Results: Pregnant women with high-risk conditions, aged 18-50 years, and at least one lipid profile during pregnancy was classified as the presence of DLP by two diagnostic criteria. Clinical and laboratorial data of mothers and newborns were evaluated. Conclusion: 433 pregnant women aged 32.9 ± 6.5 years were studied. Most (54.6%) had lipid profile collected during third trimester. The prevalence of any lipid abnormalities according to the criteria of the National Guidelines was 83.8%: TC ≥ 200 mg/dL was found in 49.9%; LDL ≥ 160 mg/dL, in 14.3%, HDL ≤ 50 mg/dL in 44.4% and TG ≥ 150 mg/dL in 65.3%. Any changes of lipid according to percentiles criteria was found in 19.6%: elevation above the P95% for TC was found in 0.7%; for LDL, 1.7%; for TG 6.4% and HDL lower than the P5% in 13%. The frequency of comorbidity: hypertension, diabetes, smoking, obesity and preeclampsia was similar among pregnant women when DLP was compared by both criteria. Conclusion: The prevalence of DLP during pregnancy varies significantly depending on the criteria used, however none demonstrated superiority in association with comorbidities.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez de Alto Risco/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 38(1): 9-19, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26814689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To present and validate a multifunctional electronic medical record (EMR) for outpatient care to women with endocrine disorders in pregnancy and to compare health information data fill rate to conventional medical records. METHODS: We developed an EMR named Ambulatory of Endocrine Diseases in Pregnancy (AMBEG) for systematic registration of health information The AMBEG was used for obstetric and endocrine care in a sample of pregnant women admitted to the maternity reference in high-risk pregnancies in Bahia from January 2010 to December 2013. We randomly selected 100 patients accompanied with AMBEG and 100 patients monitored with conventional consultation and compared the health information data fill rate of the electronic consultation to that performed using conventional medical records. RESULTS: 1461 consultations were held, of which 253, 963 and 245 were first, follow-up and puerperium consultations, respectively. Most patients were pregnant women with diabetes (77.2%) and 60.1% were women with pre-gestational diabetes. The AMBEG satisfactorily replaced the conventional medical record. The percentage of registered information was significantly higher in the AMBEG: clinical symptoms (87% versus 100, p < 0.01), uterine height (89 versus 75%, p = 0.01), total weight gain (91 versus 40%, p < 0.01) and specific diabetes data (diet, insulin regimen, glycemic control and management of hypoglycemia) revealed a significant difference (p < 0.01). The ability to export data to worksheets greatly facilitated and accelerated the statistical analysis of the data. CONCLUSIONS: AMBEG is a useful tool in clinical care for women with endocrine diseases during pregnancy. The fill rate of clinical information was superior to that registered in conventional medical records.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Gravidez em Diabéticas , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Adulto , Glicemia , Diabetes Gestacional , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
6.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 38(1): 9-19, jan. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-769954

RESUMO

Objetivo Apresentar e validar um registro eletrônico de saúde (RES) multifuncional para atendimento ambulatorial a portadoras de endocrinopatias na gestação e comparar a taxa de preenchimento de informações de saúde com o prontuário convencional. Métodos Desenvolvemos um RES denominado Ambulatório de Endocrinopatias na Gestação eletrônico (AMBEG) para registro sistematizado das informações de saúde. O AMBEG foi utilizado para atendimento obstétrico e endocrinológico de gestantes acompanhadas no ambulatório de endocrinopatias na gestação na maternidade referência em gestação de alto risco na Bahia, no período de janeiro de 2010 a dezembro de 2013. Aleatoriamente foramselecionadas 100 pacientes atendidas como AMBEG e 100 pacientes atendidas comprontuário convencional comregistro em papel e comparou-se a taxa de preenchimento de informações clínicas. Resultados Foram realizados 1461 atendimentos com o AMBEG: 253, 963 e 245 respectivamente, admissões, consultas de seguimento e puerpério. Eram portadoras de diabetes 77,2% e sendo 60,1% portadoras de diabetes pré-gestacional. O AMBEG substituiu, satisfatoriamente, o prontuário convencional. O percentual de informações clínicas registradas em ambos os prontuários foi significativamente maior no AMBEG: queixas clínicas (100 versus 87%, p < 0,01), altura uterina (89 versus 75%, p = 0,01), ganho de peso total (91 versus 40%, p < 0,01) e dados específicos sobre o diabetes (dieta, esquema de insulina, controle glicêmico e manejo de hipoglicemias) revelando diferença significativa (p < 0,01). A possibilidade de exportar dados clínicos para planilhas facilitou e agilizou a análise estatística de dados. Conclusões O AMBEG é uma ferramenta útil no atendimento clínico a mulheres portadoras de endocrinopatias na gestação. A taxa de preenchimento de informações clínicas foi superior à do prontuário convencional.


Objective To present and validate a multifunctional electronic medical record (EMR) for outpatient care to women with endocrine disorders in pregnancy and to compare health information data fill rate to conventional medical records. Methods We developed an EMR named Ambulatory of Endocrine Diseases in Pregnancy (AMBEG) for systematic registration of health information The AMBEG was used for obstetric and endocrine care in a sample of pregnant women admitted to the maternity reference in high-risk pregnancies in Bahia from January 2010 to December 2013. We randomly selected 100 patients accompanied with AMBEG and 100 patients monitored with conventional consultation and compared the health information data fill rate of the electronic consultation to that performed using conventional medical records. Results 1461 consultations were held, of which 253, 963 and 245 were first, follow-up and puerperium consultations, respectively. Most patients were pregnant women with diabetes (77.2%) and 60.1% were women with pre-gestational diabetes. The AMBEG satisfactorily replaced the conventional medical record. The percentage of registered information was significantly higher in the AMBEG: clinical symptoms (87% versus 100, p < 0.01), uterine height (89 versus 75%, p = 0.01), total weight gain (91 versus 40%, p < 0.01) and specific diabetes data (diet, insulin regimen, glycemic control and management of hypoglycemia) revealed a significant difference (p < 0.01). The ability to export data to worksheets greatly facilitated and accelerated the statistical analysis of the data. Conclusions AMBEG is a useful tool in clinical care for women with endocrine diseases during pregnancy. The fill rate of clinical information was superior to that registered in conventional medical records.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Gravidez em Diabéticas , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Glicemia , Diabetes Gestacional
7.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 59(2): 186-9, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25993683

RESUMO

Malignant insulinomas are frequently diagnosed at a late stage. Medical management is necessary to slow progression of the disease and control of hypoglycemic symptoms when cure by surgical treatment is not possible. Multimodal treatment, in these cases, has been used with variable clinical response. We describe a 68-yr-old woman who presented response failure to usual treatment and was alternatively treated with radiolabeled metaiodobenzylguanidine ([131I]-MIBG) analogue therapy with development of neurologic complications. We also present a review of the current role of [131I]-MIBG treatment in insulinomas.


Assuntos
3-Iodobenzilguanidina/análogos & derivados , Insulinoma/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/radioterapia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/efeitos adversos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia , 3-Iodobenzilguanidina/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Terapia Combinada , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Insulinoma/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Metástase Linfática
8.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 59(2): 186-189, 04/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-746471

RESUMO

Malignant insulinomas are frequently diagnosed at a late stage. Medical management is necessary to slow progression of the disease and control of hypoglycemic symptoms when cure by surgical treatment is not possible. Multimodal treatment, in these cases, has been used with variable clinical response. We describe a 68-yr-old woman who presented response failure to usual treatment and was alternatively treated with radiolabeled metaiodobenzylguanidine ([131I]-MIBG) analogue therapy with development of neurologic complications. We also present a review of the current role of [131I]-MIBG treatment in insulinomas.


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , /análogos & derivados , Insulinoma/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/radioterapia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/efeitos adversos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia , /efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Terapia Combinada , Evolução Fatal , Insulinoma/secundário , Metástase Linfática , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário
9.
Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol ; 58(7): 724-30, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25372581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the alternative parameters to monitor glycemia in pregnant women with diabetes studying the relationship between fructosamine testing and self monitoring of blood glucose in pregnant women with diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum fructosamine levels and the self monitoring of blood glucose over 14 days before the collection of fructosamine were evaluated in 47 diabetic pregnant women. RESULTS: Seventy-one fructosamine levels and 2,238 glucose measurements (CGs) were analysed. Levels of fructosamine correlated with high blood glucose index (HBGI) and the standard deviation of glycemias (r = 0.28; p = 0.021 and r = 0.26; p = 0.03, respectively). The comparison between the mothers of the newborns with appropriated or large birthweight and those who gave birth to small newborns for their gestational age (SGA) showed that the latter had a lower glycemic mean (105 vs. 114 and 119 mg/dL), a higher low blood glucose index (5.8 vs. 1.3 and 0.7) and a higher percentage of hyperglycemias (11 vs. 0 and 0%) even when the fructosamine falls within the reference values (242 vs. 218 and 213 µmol/l). CONCLUSION: The levels of fructosamine can be used as further parameter to aid self monitoring of blood glucose to evaluate hyperglycemias and glycemic variability, however, this can underestimate hypoglycemias in pregnant women carrying small-for-gestational age fetuses.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Frutosamina/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Automonitorização da Glicemia/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Humanos , Hipoglicemia/sangue , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(7): 724-730, 10/2014. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-726254

RESUMO

Objetivo Avaliar parâmetros alternativos para monitorar a glicemia em portadoras de diabetes na gestação estudando a relação entre a frutosamina e a automonitoração em gestantes portadoras de diabetes. Materiais e métodos: A frutosamina sérica e os parâmetros da automonitoração nos 14 dias que antecederam a coleta da frutosamina foram avaliados em 47 gestantes portadoras de diabetes. Resultados Setenta e uma determinações de frutosamina e 2.238 glicemias capilares (GCs) foram analisadas. A frutosamina correlacionou-se com o índice de excursões hiperglicêmicas (HBGI) e o desvio-padrão das glicemias (r = 0,28; p = 0,021 e r = 0,26; p = 0,03, respectivamente). A comparação entre as mães dos neonatos com peso adequado ou grandes ao nascer com as genitoras que tiveram neonatos pequenos para a idade gestacional (PIG) revelou que estas tiveram menor média glicêmica (105 vs. 114 e 119 mg/dL), maior índice de excursões hipoglicêmicas (5,8 vs. 1,3 e 0,7) e maior percentual de hipoglicemias (11 vs. 0 e 0%) mesmo com frutosamina dentro dos valores de referência (242 vs. 218 e 213 μmol/l). Conclusão A frutosamina pode ser utilizada como parâmetro auxiliar à automonitoração para avaliação de hiperglicemias e variabilidade glicêmica, entretanto pode subestimar hipoglicemias em gestantes com fetos PIG. .


Objective To evaluate the alternative parameters to monitor glycemia in pregnant women with diabetes studying the relationship between fructosamine testing and self monitoring of blood glucose in pregnant women with diabetes. Materials and methods Serum fructosamine levels and the self monitoring of blood glucose over 14 days before the collection of fructosamine were evaluated in 47 diabetic pregnant women. Results Seventy-one fructosamine levels and 2,238 glucose measurements (CGs) were analysed. Levels of fructosamine correlated with high blood glucose index (HBGI) and the standard deviation of glycemias (r = 0.28; p = 0.021 and r = 0.26; p = 0.03, respectively). The comparison between the mothers of the newborns with appropriated or large birthweight and those who gave birth to small newborns for their gestational age (SGA) showed that the latter had a lower glycemic mean (105 vs. 114 and 119 mg/dL), a higher low blood glucose index (5.8 vs. 1.3 and 0.7) and a higher percentage of hyperglycemias (11 vs. 0 and 0%) even when the fructosamine falls within the reference values (242 vs. 218 and 213 μmol/l). Conclusion The levels of fructosamine can be used as further parameter to aid self monitoring of blood glucose to evaluate hyperglycemias and glycemic variability, however, this can underestimate hypoglycemias in pregnant women carrying small-for-gestational age fetuses. .


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Frutosamina/sangue , Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Automonitorização da Glicemia/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Idade Gestacional , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Hipoglicemia/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 35(3): 111-6, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23538469

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency of fear of needles and the impact of a multidisciplinary educational program in women with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes taking insulin during pregnancy. METHODS: The short Diabetes Fear of Injecting and Self-testing Questionnaire (D-FISQ), composed by two subscales that access fear of self injection (FSI) and fear of self testing (FST), was administered twice during pregnancy to 65 pregnant women with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes: at the first endocrine consult and within the last two weeks of pregnancy or postpartum. An organized multidisciplinary program provided diabetes education during pregnancy. Statistical analysis was carried out by Wilcoxon and McNemar tests and Spearman correlation. A p<0.05 was considered to be significant. RESULTS: Data from the short D-FISQ questionnaire shows that 43.1% of pregnant women were afraid of needles in the first evaluation. There was a significant reduction in scores for FSI and FST subscales between the first and second assessments (first FSI 38.5% compared with second 12.7%, p=0.001; first FST 27.7% compared with second FST 14.3%, p=0.012). CONCLUSIONS: The fear of needles is common in pregnant women on insulin therapy and an organized multidisciplinary educational diabetes program applied during pregnancy reduces scores of such fear.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional/psicologia , Medo , Agulhas , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Adolescente , Adulto , Diabetes Gestacional/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 35(3): 111-116, mar. 2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-668836

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency of fear of needles and the impact of a multidisciplinary educational program in women with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes taking insulin during pregnancy. METHODS: The short Diabetes Fear of Injecting and Self-testing Questionnaire (D-FISQ), composed by two subscales that access fear of self injection (FSI) and fear of self testing (FST), was administered twice during pregnancy to 65 pregnant women with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes: at the first endocrine consult and within the last two weeks of pregnancy or postpartum. An organized multidisciplinary program provided diabetes education during pregnancy. Statistical analysis was carried out by Wilcoxon and McNemar tests and Spearman correlation. A p<0.05 was considered to be significant. RESULTS: Data from the short D-FISQ questionnaire shows that 43.1% of pregnant women were afraid of needles in the first evaluation. There was a significant reduction in scores for FSI and FST subscales between the first and second assessments (first FSI 38.5% compared with second 12.7%, p=0.001; first FST 27.7% compared with second FST 14.3%, p=0.012). CONCLUSIONS: The fear of needles is common in pregnant women on insulin therapy and an organized multidisciplinary educational diabetes program applied during pregnancy reduces scores of such fear.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência do medo de agulhas e o impacto de um programa educacional multidisciplinar em mulheres com diabetes pré-gestacional e gestacional em uso de insulinas durante a gravidez. MÉTODOS: O questionário Diabetes Fear of Injecting and Self-testing Questionnaire (D-FISQ) resumido, composto por duas subescalas que acessam o medo de injeções (FSI) e o medo da automonitoração (FST), foi administrado duas vezes durante a gestação de 65 mulheres com diabetes pré-gestacional e gestacional: na primeira consulta endocrinológica e dentro das últimas duas semanas de gestação ou pós-parto. Durante a gravidez, as gestantes foram submetidas a um programa multidisciplinar sistematizado para prover educação em diabetes. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio dos testes de Wilcoxon e McNemar e a correlação de Spearman. Valor p<0,05 foi considerado como significativo. RESULTADOS: A aplicação do questionário D-FISQ resumido indicou que 43,1% das gestantes apresentavam medo de agulhas na primeira avaliação. Houve significativa redução nos escores das subescalas FSI e FST entre a primeira e segunda avaliação (primeiro FSI 38,5% comparado com o segundo 12,7%, p=0,001; primeiro FST 27,7% comparado com segundo FST 14,3%, p=0,012). CONCLUSÃO: O medo de agulhas é frequente em gestantes em uso de terapia com insulina, e um organizado programa multidisciplinar educacional em diabetes aplicado durante a gestação reduz os escores do medo.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem , Diabetes Gestacional/psicologia , Medo , Agulhas , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Diabetes Gestacional/tratamento farmacológico , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 96(3 Suppl 1): 1-68, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21655875
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 96(3,supl.1): 1-68, 2011. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-588887
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 32(10): 504-509, out. 2010. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-572632

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: avaliar a aplicação de um programa de intervenção multidisciplinar educativo em mulheres com gestação de alto risco devido a doenças endócrinas. MÉTODOS: avaliamos retrospectivamente a aplicação de um programa educativo multidisciplinar em 185 gestantes com doenças endócrinas referenciadas para uma maternidade especializada em gestação de alto risco. As gestantes receberam atenção pré-natal multidisciplinar por times compostos por endocrinologistas, obstetras, ultrassonografistas, enfermeiras e nutricionistas. Informações orais e escritas sobre hábitos saudáveis, cuidados com diabetes, uso de adoçantes artificiais e exercícios na gestação foram passadas na primeira consulta endocrinológica. Plano nutricional individualizado foi feito em primeira visita à nutricionista. Nas reavaliações mensais com nutricionista e quinzenais com endocrinologista, as informações sobre mudanças saudáveis no estilo de vida eram reforçadas e o peso registrado. O grau de aderência à dieta e atividade física foi autorreferido. Comparou-se o peso semanal antes e após a intervenção multidisciplinar, peso fetal ao nascimento, taxa de macrossomia e baixo peso, e a frequência de parto cesário nas quatro categorias de índice de massa corpórea (IMC) pré-gestacional (<18,5; 18,5 a 24,9; 25 a 29,9 e >30 kg/m²). RESULTADOS: a principal patologia de encaminhamento foi o diabetes (84,9 por cento). Um terço das gestantes (31,2 por cento) era composto por portadoras de sobrepeso e 42,5 por cento tinham obesidade pré-gestacional. A maior parte das gestantes foi vista pela primeira vez pela equipe multidisciplinar no terceiro trimestre (64,1 por cento), e 50,5 por cento delas excederam o ganho de peso recomendado para toda a gestação à primeira avaliação. Gestantes obesas excederam o ganho de peso recomendado em 62,5 por cento dos casos. Após a intervenção multidisciplinar, o percentual de gestantes que excedeu o ganho de peso semanal recomendado reduziu em todas ...


PURPOSE: to investigate the application of a multidisciplinary educational program to high-risk pregnancies due to endocrine diseases. METHODS: we retrospectively evaluated the application of a multidisciplinary educational program to 185 pregnant women with endocrine diseases referred to a maternity specialized in high-risk pregnancy. All pregnant women received multidisciplinary prenatal care from a team consisting of endocrinologists, obstetricians, sonographers, nurses and dietitians. Oral and written information about healthy habits, diabetes care, use of artificial sweeteners and exercise during pregnancy was given to all patients at the first endocrine consultation. An individualized nutrition plan was prepared on the occasion of the first visit to the nutritionist. In bi-weekly and monthly endocrine and nutritional visits, respectively, information about healthy changes in lifestyle was emphasized and the weight was recorded. Adherence to physical activity and nutritional counseling was self-reported. We compared the weekly weight before and after the intervention, fetal weight at birth, rate of macrosomia and low birth weight, and frequency of cesarean delivery among the four categories of body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy (<18.5, from 18.5 to 24.9, from 25 to 29.9 and >30 kg/m²). RESULTS: the main disease of referral was diabetes (84.9 percent). One third of the pregnant women (31.2 percent) were overweight and 42.5 percent were obese before pregnancy. Most women was first seen by the multidisciplinary team in the third trimester of pregnancy (64.1 percent) and 50.5 percent exceeded the recommended weight gain at first evaluation. Obese women exceeded the recommended weight gain in 62.5 percent of cases. After the intervention, the percentage of women who exceeded the recommended weekly weight gain was reduced in all categories of pre-pregnancy BMI, although a statistically significant difference was found only in the ...


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Doenças do Sistema Endócrino/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 32(10): 504-9, 2010 Oct.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21271158

RESUMO

PURPOSE: to investigate the application of a multidisciplinary educational program to high-risk pregnancies due to endocrine diseases. METHODS: we retrospectively evaluated the application of a multidisciplinary educational program to 185 pregnant women with endocrine diseases referred to a maternity specialized in high-risk pregnancy. All pregnant women received multidisciplinary prenatal care from a team consisting of endocrinologists, obstetricians, sonographers, nurses and dietitians. Oral and written information about healthy habits, diabetes care, use of artificial sweeteners and exercise during pregnancy was given to all patients at the first endocrine consultation. An individualized nutrition plan was prepared on the occasion of the first visit to the nutritionist. In bi-weekly and monthly endocrine and nutritional visits, respectively, information about healthy changes in lifestyle was emphasized and the weight was recorded. Adherence to physical activity and nutritional counseling was self-reported. We compared the weekly weight before and after the intervention, fetal weight at birth, rate of macrosomia and low birth weight, and frequency of cesarean delivery among the four categories of body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy (<18.5, from 18.5 to 24.9, from 25 to 29.9 and >30 kg/m²). RESULTS: the main disease of referral was diabetes (84.9%). One third of the pregnant women (31.2%) were overweight and 42.5% were obese before pregnancy. Most women was first seen by the multidisciplinary team in the third trimester of pregnancy (64.1%) and 50.5% exceeded the recommended weight gain at first evaluation. Obese women exceeded the recommended weight gain in 62.5% of cases. After the intervention, the percentage of women who exceeded the recommended weekly weight gain was reduced in all categories of pre-pregnancy BMI, although a statistically significant difference was found only in the group with normal pre-pregnancy BMI (40.6 versus 21.9%, p = 0.03). At birth, average fetal weight was similar among the various BMI categories (p=0.277). Macrosomia was more frequent in women who were overweight and obese before pregnancy. Cesarean delivery was the most frequent route of delivery, regardless of pre-pregnancy BMI. CONCLUSIONS: in high-risk pregnancies due to endocrine disorders, a multidisciplinary educational approach limits excessive weekly weight gain despite the advanced gestational age.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Endócrino/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 92(2): 94-106, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19360241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an isolated risk factor for coronary artery disease, especially when associated with microalbuminuria (MA). Structural and functional changes in lipoproteins have not yet been fully elucidated in this context. OBJECTIVE: To assess lipid transfer (T) to HDL in type-2 diabetic patients and its association with microalbuminuria and treatment with statins or insulin. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus and 34 age-matched control subjects were studied. A synthetic cholesterol-rich nanoemulsion radiolabeled with (3)H- triglycerides (TG) and 14C-free cholesterol (FC) or (3)H- cholesteryl ester (CE) and 14C-phospholipids (PL) was incubated with plasma. Both the nanoemulsion and lipoproteins were precipitated, except for HDL, which was counted for radioactivity. RESULTS: PLT (%) was higher in the T2DM group than in the control group (25.2 +/- 3.2 and 19.7 +/- 3.2 respectively; p < 0.001), as was free cholesterol (% FC): 9.1 +/- 2.7 and 6.3 +/- 1.5 respectively; p < 0.001. The diagnosis of microalbuminuria (MA) was not associated with changes in lipid transfers. Insulin therapy was associated with lower PLT rates: 23.5 +/- 2.1 versus 26.1 +/- 3.3; p = 0.018. Statin therapy, in turn, was associated with a drop in all lipid transfers - CET 3.5 +/- 0.9; PLT: 23.8 +/- 2.0; TGT: 3.9 +/- 0.8; FCT: 7.4 +/- 1.3 - as compared to the group that was not on statin therapy (CET: 5.9 +/- 2.4; PLT: 26.9 +/- 3.6; TGT: 6.4 +/- 2.2; FCT: 11.1 +/- 2.6). CONCLUSION: Type-2 diabetes mellitus increased lipid transfer to HDL particles, whereas statin therapy decreased all lipid transfers. The presence of MA was not associated with changes in lipid transfer.


Assuntos
Albuminúria/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Adulto , Albuminúria/tratamento farmacológico , Albuminúria/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proteínas de Transferência de Ésteres de Colesterol/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Transferência de Ésteres de Colesterol/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Transferência de Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo
18.
Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol ; 53(1): 95-101, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19347191

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: People with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and may still have a normal lipid profile. In order to clarify whether normal HDL cholesterol levels may conceal defects in HDL function, we have studied the transfer of lipids to HDL in T1DM. METHODS: Twenty-one young women with T1DM were compared with 21 non-diabetic women. Nanoemulsion preparations were used as lipid donor to HDL: one labeled with (3)H-triglycerides and 14C-free cholesterol and the other with (3)H-cholesteryl esters and 14C-phospholipids. These preparations were incubated with plasma samples for 1h. After chemical precipitation, the supernatant containing HDL was counted for radioactivity. RESULTS: No difference in transfer was observed to nanoemulsion HDL from cholesteryl esters, triglycerides, free cholesterol and phospholipids. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous lipid transfer to HDL was not affected in T1DM patients. This suggests that the disease does not alter lipoprotein composition and transfer protein action in such way as to disturb HDL metabolism.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/metabolismo , Lipídeos/administração & dosagem , Lipoproteínas HDL/ultraestrutura , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Transporte Biológico/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ésteres do Colesterol/administração & dosagem , Ésteres do Colesterol/sangue , Ésteres do Colesterol/farmacocinética , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Lipídeos/farmacocinética , Lipoproteínas HDL/química , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos/administração & dosagem , Fosfolipídeos/sangue , Fosfolipídeos/farmacocinética , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Triglicerídeos/administração & dosagem , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Triglicerídeos/farmacocinética , Adulto Jovem
19.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 53(1): 95-101, fev. 2009. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-509871

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: Os portadores de diabetes melito tipo 1 (DM1) possuem aumentado risco de doença cardiovascular e, ainda assim, podem apresentar perfil lipídico normal. Para esclarecer se os níveis normais de HDL podem ocultar defeitos na função, foram estudados a transferência de lípides para a HDL em DM1. MÉTODOS: Vinte e uma mulheres jovens portadoras de DM1 foram comparadas com 21 mulheres não-diabéticas. Nanoemulsões foram usadas como doadoras de lípides para HDL: uma marcada com ³H-triglicérides e 14C-colesterol livre e outra com ³H-éster de colesterol e 14C-fosfolípides. Após 1 hora de incubação com amostras de plasma, seguida por precipitação química, o sobrenadante, contendo HDL, teve a radioatividade contada. RESULTADOS: Nenhuma diferença foi encontrada nas transferências dos ésteres de colesterol, triglicérides, colesterol livre e fosfolípides para as HDL. CONCLUSÃO: A transferência de lípides para a HDL não está afetada em portadoras de DM1. Isso sugere que a doença não altera a composição de lipoproteínas e a ação de proteínas de transferência.


INTRODUCTION: People with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and may still have a normal lipid profile. In order to clarify whether normal HDL cholesterol levels may conceal defects in HDL function, we have studied the transfer of lipids to HDL in T1DM. METHODS: Twenty-one young women with T1DM were compared with 21 non-diabetic women. Nanoemulsion preparations were used as lipid donor to HDL: one labeled with ³H-triglycerides and 14C-free cholesterol and the other with ³H-cholesteryl esters and 14C-phospholipids. These preparations were incubated with plasma samples for 1h. After chemical precipitation, the supernatant containing HDL was counted for radioactivity. RESULTS: No difference in transfer was observed to nanoemulsion HDL from cholesteryl esters, triglycerides, free cholesterol and phospholipids. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous lipid transfer to HDL was not affected in T1DM patients. This suggests that the disease does not alter lipoprotein composition and transfer protein action in such way as to disturb HDL metabolism.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/metabolismo , Lipídeos/administração & dosagem , Lipoproteínas HDL/ultraestrutura , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Transporte Biológico/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ésteres do Colesterol/administração & dosagem , Ésteres do Colesterol/sangue , Ésteres do Colesterol/farmacocinética , Lipídeos/sangue , Lipídeos/farmacocinética , Lipoproteínas HDL/química , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos/administração & dosagem , Fosfolipídeos/sangue , Fosfolipídeos/farmacocinética , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Triglicerídeos/administração & dosagem , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Triglicerídeos/farmacocinética , Adulto Jovem
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 92(2): 100-106, fev. 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-511100

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: O diabete melito tipo 2 (DM2) é um fator de risco isolado para coronariopatia, principalmente quando associado à microalbuminúria (MA). Alterações estruturais e funcionais das lipoproteínas não são totalmente esclarecidas nesse contexto. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a transferência de lípides para HDL (T) em pacientes DM2 e a associação com a presença da MA e com o tratamento com estatina ou insulina. MÉTODOS: Estudamos 33 pacientes com DM2 e 34 controles pareados para idade. Uma nanoemulsão lipídica artificial radiomarcada com ³H-Triglicéride (TG) e 14C-colesterol livre (CL) ou ³H-colesterol éster (CE) e 14C-fosfolípide (FL) foi incubada com plasma. A nanoemulsão e as lipoproteínas foram precipitadas, exceto a HDL, que teve sua radioatividade contada. RESULTADOS: A TFL ( por cento) foi maior no grupo com DM2 que no grupo-controle (25,2±3,2 e 19,7±3,2 respectivamente; p < 0,001), assim como a TCL ( por cento): 9,1±2,7 e 6,3±1,5 respectivamente; p < 0,001. O diagnóstico de MA não se associou a mudanças da propriedade de transferência. O uso da insulina associou-se à menor TFL ( por cento): 23,5±2,1 contra 26,1±3,3; p = 0,018. Já o uso da estatina associou-se à queda de todas - TCE ( por cento): 3,5±0,9; TFL ( por cento):23,8±2,0; TTG ( por cento): 3,9±0,8; TCL ( por cento):7,4±1,3 - quando comparado ao grupo que não usava estatina (TCE ( por cento):5,9±2,4; TFL ( por cento):26,9±3,6; TTG ( por cento):6,4±2,2; TCL ( por cento):11,1±2,6). CONCLUSÃO: O DM2 aumentou a transferência de lípides de superfície para HDL, enquanto o uso de estatina diminuiu todas as transferências de lípides. A presença de MA não se associou às alterações das transferências de lípides.


BACKGROUND: Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an isolated risk factor for coronary artery disease, especially when associated with microalbuminuria (MA). Structural and functional changes in lipoproteins have not yet been fully elucidated in this context. OBJECTIVE: To assess lipid transfer (T) to HDL in type-2 diabetic patients and its association with microalbuminuria and treatment with statins or insulin. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus and 34 age-matched control subjects were studied. A synthetic cholesterol-rich nanoemulsion radiolabeled with ³H- triglycerides (TG) and 14C-free cholesterol (FC) or ³H- cholesteryl ester (CE) and 14C-phospholipids (PL) was incubated with plasma. Both the nanoemulsion and lipoproteins were precipitated, except for HDL, which was counted for radioactivity. RESULTS: PLT ( percent) was higher in the T2DM group than in the control group (25.2 ± 3.2 and 19.7 ± 3.2 respectively; p < 0.001), as was free cholesterol ( percent FC): 9.1 ± 2.7 and 6.3 ± 1.5 respectively; p < 0.001. The diagnosis of microalbuminuria (MA) was not associated with changes in lipid transfers. Insulin therapy was associated with lower PLT rates: 23.5 ± 2.1 versus 26.1 ± 3.3; p = 0.018. Statin therapy, in turn, was associated with a drop in all lipid transfers - CET 3.5 ± 0.9; PLT: 23.8 ± 2.0; TGT: 3.9 ± 0.8; FCT: 7.4 ± 1.3 - as compared to the group that was not on statin therapy (CET: 5.9 ± 2.4; PLT: 26.9 ± 3.6; TGT: 6.4 ± 2.2; FCT: 11.1 ± 2.6). CONCLUSION:Type-2 diabetes mellitus increased lipid transfer to HDL particles, whereas statin therapy decreased all lipid transfers. The presence of MA was not associated with changes in lipid transfer.


FUNDAMENTO: La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) es un factor de riesgo aislado para coronariopatía, principalmente cuando asociado a la microalbuminuria (MA). Alteraciones estructurales y funcionales de las lipoproteínas no están totalmente aclaradas en ese contexto. OBJETIVO: Evaluar no sólo la transferencia de lípidos hacia HDL (T) en pacientes DM2, sino también la asociación tanto con la presencia de la MA como con el tratamiento con estatina o insulina. MÉTODOS: Estudiamos a 33 pacientes con DM2 y 34 controles pareados para edad. Se incubó con plasma una nanoemulsión lipídica artificial radiomarcada con ³H-Triglicérido (TG) y 14C-colesterol libre (CL) o ³H-colesterol esterificado (CE) y 14C-fosfolípido (FL). Se procedió a la precipitación de la nanoemulsión y de las lipoproteínas, con excepción de la HDL, que tuvo su radioactividad contada. RESULTADOS: El valor de TFL ( por ciento) resultó mayor en el grupo con DM2 en confrontación con el grupo-control (25,2±3,2 y 19,7±3,2 respectivamente; p < 0,001); la TCL ( por ciento), por su vez, obtuvo los siguientes resultados: 9,1±2,7 y 6,3±1,5 respectivamente; p < 0,001. El diagnóstico de MA no se asoció a cambios de la propiedad de transferencia. El uso de la insulina se asoció al menor valor de TFL ( por ciento): 23,5±2,1 vs 26,1±3,3; p = 0,018. Ya el uso de la estatina se asoció a la baja del valor de todas las lipoproteínas - TCE ( por ciento): 3,5±0,9; TFL ( por ciento):23,8±2,0; TTG ( por ciento): 3,9±0,8; TCL ( por ciento):7,4±1,3 - si comparado al grupo que no usaba estatina (TCE ( por ciento):5,9±2,4; TFL ( por ciento):26,9±3,6; TTG ( por ciento):6,4±2,2; TCL ( por ciento):11,1±2,6). CONCLUSIONES: El DM2 aumentó la transferencia de lípidos de superficie hacia HDL, mientras que el uso de estatina disminuyó todas las transferencias de lípidos. La presencia de MA no se asoció a las alteraciones de las transferencias de lípidos.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Albuminúria/complicações , /tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Albuminúria/tratamento farmacológico , Albuminúria/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proteínas de Transferência de Ésteres de Colesterol/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Transferência de Ésteres de Colesterol/metabolismo , /metabolismo , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacologia , Proteínas de Transferência de Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo
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