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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 112(5): 649-705, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31188969
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(3): 394-399, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-973752

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Thrombotic disorders remain one of the leading causes of death in the Western world. Dabigatran appeared as an alternative to warfarin for anticoagulation in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). The risk associated with bleeding due to its use has been documented in several randomized clinical trials, but no large study has examined in detail the risk of bleeding during dental extraction and other dental procedures involving bleeding. Objective: To compare the intensity of bleeding in individuals taking dabigatran or vitamin K antagonist (warfarin) and undergoing dental procedures. Methods: Prospective, single-center, controlled study with one single observer. Patients diagnosed with nonvalvular AF, on warfarin or dabigatran, cared for at a cardiology referral center, and requiring single or multiple dental extractions, were evaluated up to seven days post-extraction. The following outcomes were assessed: bleeding time between the beginning and the end of suture and complete hemostasis; bleeding before the procedure, after 24 hours, 48 hours, 7 days, during and after suture removal (late); p<0.05 was defined as of statistical relevance. Results: We evaluated 37 individuals, 25 in the warfarin group and 12 in the dabigatran group. Age, sex, weight, height, blood pressure, color, schooling, family income and comorbidities were similar between the two groups. Regarding bleeding after 24 hours of the procedure, no one in the dabigatran group had bleeding, whereas 32% in the warfarin group had documented bleeding (p = 0.028). The other variables analyzed did not differ between the groups. Conclusions: This study suggests that, regarding dental extraction, there is no statistically significant difference in the intensity of bleeding of patients taking dabigatran as compared to those taking warfarin. Bleeding 24 hours after the procedure was less frequent among patients on dabigatran.


Resumo Fundamento: Distúrbios trombóticos permanecem como uma das principais causas de morte no mundo ocidental. A dabigatrana surgiu como alternativa à varfarina para a anticoagulação no tratamento da fibrilação atrial (FA). O risco associado a eventos hemorrágicos com a sua utilização foi documentado em vários ensaios clínicos randomizados, mas nenhum grande estudo analisou detalhadamente o risco de hemorragia durante a extração dentária e em outros procedimentos odontológicos que envolvam sangramentos. Objetivo: Em indivíduos submetidos a procedimentos odontológicos, avaliar a intensidade de sangramento com o uso de dabigatrana em comparação ao uso de anticoagulante oral antagonista da vitamina K (varfarina). Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, controlado, unicêntrico, observador único. Pacientes com diagnóstico de FA não valvar atendidos em um centro de referência em cardiologia e com indicação de anticoagulação que necessitavam de tratamento odontológico para exodontia única ou múltipla, estando em uso de varfarina ou dabigatrana e avaliados até sete dias pós-exodontia. Foram avaliados os efeitos sobre: tempo de sangramento entre o início e o fim da sutura e hemostasia completa; sangramento antes do procedimento, após 24 e 48 horas, 7 dias, durante e após a remoção da sutura (tardio), sendo considerado como estatisticamente significativo valor de p < 0,05. Resultados: Foram avaliados 37 indivíduos, sendo 25 no grupo varfarina e 12 no dabigatrana. Idade, sexo, peso, altura, pressão arterial, cor, escolaridade, renda familiar e comorbidades foram semelhantes nos dois grupos. Em relação ao sangramento 24 horas após o procedimento, ninguém do grupo dabigatrana apresentou sangramento, que esteve presente em 32% do grupo varfarina (p = 0,028). Não houve diferenças entre os grupos em relação às outras variáveis analisadas. Conclusões: Os dados deste estudo permitem sugerir que, em indivíduos submetidos a procedimento odontológico de exodontia, não há diferença estatisticamente significante na intensidade de sangramento em uso de dabigatrana em comparação ao uso de varfarina. Há uma menor frequência de sangramento 24 horas após o procedimento nos indivíduos em uso de dabigatrana.

3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 394-399, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30088558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thrombotic disorders remain one of the leading causes of death in the Western world. Dabigatran appeared as an alternative to warfarin for anticoagulation in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). The risk associated with bleeding due to its use has been documented in several randomized clinical trials, but no large study has examined in detail the risk of bleeding during dental extraction and other dental procedures involving bleeding. OBJECTIVE: To compare the intensity of bleeding in individuals taking dabigatran or vitamin K antagonist (warfarin) and undergoing dental procedures. METHODS: Prospective, single-center, controlled study with one single observer. Patients diagnosed with nonvalvular AF, on warfarin or dabigatran, cared for at a cardiology referral center, and requiring single or multiple dental extractions, were evaluated up to seven days post-extraction. The following outcomes were assessed: bleeding time between the beginning and the end of suture and complete hemostasis; bleeding before the procedure, after 24 hours, 48 hours, 7 days, during and after suture removal (late); p<0.05 was defined as of statistical relevance. RESULTS: We evaluated 37 individuals, 25 in the warfarin group and 12 in the dabigatran group. Age, sex, weight, height, blood pressure, color, schooling, family income and comorbidities were similar between the two groups. Regarding bleeding after 24 hours of the procedure, no one in the dabigatran group had bleeding, whereas 32% in the warfarin group had documented bleeding (p = 0.028). The other variables analyzed did not differ between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that, regarding dental extraction, there is no statistically significant difference in the intensity of bleeding of patients taking dabigatran as compared to those taking warfarin. Bleeding 24 hours after the procedure was less frequent among patients on dabigatran.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(14)2018 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data exist on regional systems of care for the treatment of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in developing countries. Our objective was to describe temporal trends in 30-day mortality and identify predictors of mortality among STEMI patients enrolled in a prospective registry in Brazil. METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 2011 to June 2013, 520 patients who received initial STEMI care at 23 nonspecialized public health units or hospitals, some of whom were transferred to a public cardiology referral center, were identified through a regional STEMI network supported by telemedicine and the local prehospital emergency medical service. We stratified patients into five 6-month periods based on presentation date. Mean age (±SD) of patients was 62.0 (±12.2) years, and 55.6% were men. The mean Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score was 145 (±34). Overall mortality at 30 days was 15.0%. Use of dual antiplatelet therapy and statins increased significantly from baseline (January 2011) to period 5 (June 2013): 61.8% to 93.6% (P<0.001) and 60.4% to 79.7% (P<0.001), respectively. Rates of primary reperfusion also increased (29.1%-53.8%; P<0.001), and more patients were transferred to the referral center (44.7%-76.3%; P=0.001). Thirty-day mortality rates decreased from 19.8% to 5.1% (P<0.001). In multivariable analysis, factors independently associated with 30-day mortality were higher GRACE score, history of previous stroke, lack of transfer to the referral center, and lack of use of optimized medical therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a regional STEMI system was associated with lower mortality and higher use of evidence-based therapies.

5.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(3 Supl 1): 1-104, 2017 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29044300
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(3,supl.1): 1-104, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887936
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(1): 30-38, July 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887898

RESUMO

Abstract Background: There is a physiologic elevation of total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) during pregnancy. Some authors define dyslipidemia (DLP) in pregnant women when TC, LDL and TG concentrations are above the 95th percentile (p95%) and HDL concentration is below the 5th percentile (P5%) for gestational age (GA). Objective: To compare the prevalence of DLP in pregnant women using percentiles criteria with the V Brazilian Guidelines on Dyslipidemia and the association with maternal and fetal outcomes. Results: Pregnant women with high-risk conditions, aged 18-50 years, and at least one lipid profile during pregnancy was classified as the presence of DLP by two diagnostic criteria. Clinical and laboratorial data of mothers and newborns were evaluated. Conclusion: 433 pregnant women aged 32.9 ± 6.5 years were studied. Most (54.6%) had lipid profile collected during third trimester. The prevalence of any lipid abnormalities according to the criteria of the National Guidelines was 83.8%: TC ≥ 200 mg/dL was found in 49.9%; LDL ≥ 160 mg/dL, in 14.3%, HDL ≤ 50 mg/dL in 44.4% and TG ≥ 150 mg/dL in 65.3%. Any changes of lipid according to percentiles criteria was found in 19.6%: elevation above the P95% for TC was found in 0.7%; for LDL, 1.7%; for TG 6.4% and HDL lower than the P5% in 13%. The frequency of comorbidity: hypertension, diabetes, smoking, obesity and preeclampsia was similar among pregnant women when DLP was compared by both criteria. Conclusion: The prevalence of DLP during pregnancy varies significantly depending on the criteria used, however none demonstrated superiority in association with comorbidities.


Resumo Fundamento: Durante a gestação ocorrem, fisiologicamente, elevações do colesterol total (CT) e triglicerídios (TG). Alguns autores definem dislipidemia (DLP) gestacional quando as concentrações de CT, LDL e TG são superiores ao percentil 95 (P95%) e de HDL, inferiores ao percentil 5 (P5%) para a idade gestacional. Objetivo: Comparar a prevalência da DLP em gestantes conforme critério por percentis com o da V Diretriz Brasileira de Dislipidemia e avaliar a associação com desfechos materno-fetais. Métodos: Gestantes com patologias de alto risco, idade entre 18 a 50 anos, e, pelo menos um perfil lipídico durante a gestação foram classificadas quanto à presença de DLP por dois critérios. Dados clínicos e laboratoriais das mães e neonatos foram avaliados. Resultados: Estudou-se 433 gestantes com idade de 32,9 ± 6,5 anos. A maioria (54,6%) teve o perfil lipídico coletado no terceiro trimestre. A prevalência de quaisquer das alterações lipídicas, conforme os critérios da Diretriz Nacional, foi de 83,8%: CT ≥ 200 mg/dL foi encontrado em 49,9%; LDL ≥ 160 mg/dL, em 14,3%, HDL ≤ 50 mg/dL em 44,4% e TG ≥ 150 mg/dL, em 65,3%. Quaisquer das alterações lipídicas pelo critério dos percentis foi encontrada em 19,6%: sendo que elevação superior ao P95% para CT foi encontrada em 0,7%; para LDL, em 1,7%; para TG, em 6,4% e inferiores ao P5% para o HDL em 13%. A frequência das comorbidades: hipertensão, diabetes, tabagismo, obesidade e pré-eclâmpsia foi semelhante entre as gestantes quando se comparou DLP pelos dois critérios. Conclusão: A prevalência de DLP na gestação variou significativamente conforme o critério utilizado, entretanto nenhum demonstrou superioridade na associação com comorbidades.

8.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 63(2): 112-117, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28355371

RESUMO

Introduction:: Emergency medicine is an area in which correct decisions often need to be made fast, thus requiring a well-prepared medical team. There is little information regarding the profile of physicians working at emergency departments in Brazil. Objective:: To describe general characteristics of training and motivation of physicians working in the emergency departments of medium and large hospitals in Salvador, Brazil. Method:: A cross-sectional study with standardized interviews applied to physicians who work in emergency units in 25 medium and large hospitals in Salvador. At least 75% of the professionals at each hospital were interviewed. One hospital refused to participate in the study. Results:: A total of 659 physicians were interviewed, with a median age of 34 years (interquartile interval: 29-44 years), 329 (49.9%) were female and 96 (14.6%) were medical residents working at off hours. The percentage of physicians who had been trained with Basic Life Support, Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support and Advanced Trauma Life Support courses was 5.2, 18.4 and 11.0%, respectively, with a greater frequency of Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support training among younger individuals (23.6% versus 13.9%; p<0.001). Thirteen percent said they were completely satisfied with the activity, while 81.3% expressed a desire to stop working in emergency units in the next 15 years, mentioning stress levels as the main reason. Conclusion:: The physicians interviewed had taken few emergency immersion courses. A low motivational level was registered in physicians who work in the emergency departments of medium and large hospitals in Salvador.


Assuntos
Medicina de Emergência/educação , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/educação , Motivação , Adulto , Suporte Vital Cardíaco Avançado/educação , Suporte Vital Cardíaco Avançado/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Competência Clínica , Estudos Transversais , Educação Médica , Medicina de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/psicologia , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 63(1): 57-63, 2017 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28225875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical and epidemiological characteristics and clinical outcomes in patients hospitalized with decompensated heart failure (DHF), with a comparison between Chagas and non-Chagas disease. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort study involving 136 patients consecutively admitted with DHF between January 1 and December 31, 2011, with the following outcomes: acute renal failure, cardiogenic shock, rehospitalization, and hospital death. Individuals aged ≥ 18 years with DHF were included while those with more than 10% of missing data regarding outcomes were excluded. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 17.0. Chi-squared test was used to compare proportions. Student's T test was used to compare means. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests were used to compare rehospitalization rates between the two groups over time. RESULTS: Chagasic and non-chagasic patients were compared. The first had lower mean systolic blood pressure (111.8±18.4 versus 128.8±24.4, p<0.01), lower mean diastolic blood pressure (74.5±13.6 versus 82.0±15.2, p<0.01) and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (26.5±6.2 versus 41.5±18.9, p<0.01). In all, 20 patients with Chagas (50.1%) were rehospitalized, compared to 35 patients in the non-Chagas group (35.4%, p=0.04). Log rank test = 4.5 (p<0.01) showed that rehospitalization rates between the two groups over time (Kaplan-Meier curves) differed. CONCLUSION: Chagas disease was associated with lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure and lower left ventricular ejection fraction. The rehospitalization rate was higher in Chagas disease.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/terapia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(2): 112-117, Feb. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-842530

RESUMO

Summary Introduction: Emergency medicine is an area in which correct decisions often need to be made fast, thus requiring a well-prepared medical team. There is little information regarding the profile of physicians working at emergency departments in Brazil. Objective: To describe general characteristics of training and motivation of physicians working in the emergency departments of medium and large hospitals in Salvador, Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional study with standardized interviews applied to physicians who work in emergency units in 25 medium and large hospitals in Salvador. At least 75% of the professionals at each hospital were interviewed. One hospital refused to participate in the study. Results: A total of 659 physicians were interviewed, with a median age of 34 years (interquartile interval: 29-44 years), 329 (49.9%) were female and 96 (14.6%) were medical residents working at off hours. The percentage of physicians who had been trained with Basic Life Support, Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support and Advanced Trauma Life Support courses was 5.2, 18.4 and 11.0%, respectively, with a greater frequency of Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support training among younger individuals (23.6% versus 13.9%; p<0.001). Thirteen percent said they were completely satisfied with the activity, while 81.3% expressed a desire to stop working in emergency units in the next 15 years, mentioning stress levels as the main reason. Conclusion: The physicians interviewed had taken few emergency immersion courses. A low motivational level was registered in physicians who work in the emergency departments of medium and large hospitals in Salvador.

11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(1): 57-63, Jan. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-842518

RESUMO

Summary Objective: To evaluate clinical and epidemiological characteristics and clinical outcomes in patients hospitalized with decompensated heart failure (DHF), with a comparison between Chagas and non-Chagas disease. Method: This is a retrospective cohort study involving 136 patients consecutively admitted with DHF between January 1 and December 31, 2011, with the following outcomes: acute renal failure, cardiogenic shock, rehospitalization, and hospital death. Individuals aged ≥ 18 years with DHF were included while those with more than 10% of missing data regarding outcomes were excluded. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 17.0. Chi-squared test was used to compare proportions. Student's T test was used to compare means. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests were used to compare rehospitalization rates between the two groups over time. Results: Chagasic and non-chagasic patients were compared. The first had lower mean systolic blood pressure (111.8±18.4 versus 128.8±24.4, p<0.01), lower mean diastolic blood pressure (74.5±13.6 versus 82.0±15.2, p<0.01) and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (26.5±6.2 versus 41.5±18.9, p<0.01). In all, 20 patients with Chagas (50.1%) were rehospitalized, compared to 35 patients in the non-Chagas group (35.4%, p=0.04). Log rank test = 4.5 (p<0.01) showed that rehospitalization rates between the two groups over time (Kaplan-Meier curves) differed. Conclusion: Chagas disease was associated with lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure and lower left ventricular ejection fraction. The rehospitalization rate was higher in Chagas disease.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar características clínico-epidemiológicas e desfechos clínicos em pacientes internados por insuficiência cardíaca descompensada (ICD), estabelecendo uma comparação entre pacientes chagásicos e não chagásicos. Método: Trata-se de um estudo de coorte retrospectivo abrangendo 136 pacientes internados consecutivamente com ICD entre 1 de janeiro e 31 de dezembro de 2011, tendo como desfechos: lesão renal aguda, choque cardiogênico, reinternamento e óbito hospitalar. Foram incluídos indivíduos com idade ≥ 18 anos com ICD e excluídos aqueles com mais de 10% de dados faltantes em relação aos desfechos. Para a análise estatística, foi utilizado o SPSS® versão 17.0. Para a comparação entre proporções, foi utilizado o teste Qui-quadrado. O teste T de Student foi utilizado para comparar médias. Utilizamos as curvas de Kaplan-Meier e o teste do log rank para comparar as taxas de reinternações entre os dois grupos ao longo do tempo. Resultados: Na comparação entre chagásicos e não chagásicos, os primeiros apresentaram menor média de pressão arterial sistêmica (111,8±18,4 versus 128,8±24,4; p<0,01), menor média de pressão arterial diastólica (74,5±13,6 versus 82,0±15,2; p<0,01) e menor fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (26,5±6,2 versus 41,5±18,9; p<0,01). Um total de 20 chagásicos (50,1%) reinternaram contra 35 não chagásicos (35,4%; p=0,04). O teste do log rank = 4,5 (p<0,01) mostrou que as taxas de reinternações entre os dois grupos ao longo do tempo (curvas de Kaplan-Meier) diferiram. Conclusão: A doença de Chagas associou-se a menores valores de pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica, além de menor fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo. A taxa de reinternamento foi maior em chagásicos.

12.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 62(3): 276-9, 2016 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27310553

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the agreement between the three scores proposed by the II Guideline for Perioperative Evaluation of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology (SBC): the American College of Physicians algorithm (ACP), the Multicenter Study of Perioperative Evaluation (EMAPO) and Lee's Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI). METHOD: Patients evaluated preoperatively for non-cardiac surgery by the anesthesiology service were classified as low, moderate or high-risk according to the 3 algorithms suggested by the II Guideline. To calculate the strength of agreement between the scores, the kappa agreement index was used. RESULTS: Four hundred and one patients were included in the sample. Cohen's kappa inter-rater agreement between scores was 0.270 (CI: 0.222 to 0.318), corresponding to a weak agreement. Analyzing in pairs, the best correlation was between EMAPO and ACP, with kappa = 0.327. Lee's score was the one that classified more patients as low-risk: 98.3%, while EMAPO and ACP classified as low risk 91.3% and 92.5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: There is poor correlation among the risk scores proposed by the II Perioperative Evaluation Guideline of the SBC.


Assuntos
Período Perioperatório/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto , Brasil , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(3): 276-279, May-June 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-784321

RESUMO

SUMMARY Objective: To evaluate the agreement between the three scores proposed by the II Guideline for Perioperative Evaluation of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology (SBC): the American College of Physicians algorithm (ACP), the Multicenter Study of Perioperative Evaluation (EMAPO) and Lee’s Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI). Method: Patients evaluated preoperatively for non-cardiac surgery by the anesthesiology service were classified as low, moderate or high-risk according to the 3 algorithms suggested by the II Guideline. To calculate the strength of agreement between the scores, the kappa agreement index was used. Results: Four hundred and one patients were included in the sample. Cohen’s kappa inter-rater agreement between scores was 0.270 (CI: 0.222 to 0.318), corresponding to a weak agreement. Analyzing in pairs, the best correlation was between EMAPO and ACP, with kappa = 0.327. Lee’s score was the one that classified more patients as low-risk: 98.3%, while EMAPO and ACP classified as low risk 91.3% and 92.5%, respectively. Conclusion: There is poor correlation among the risk scores proposed by the II Perioperative Evaluation Guideline of the SBC.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a concordância entre os três escores propostos pela II Diretriz de Avaliação Perioperatória da Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia (SBC): algoritmo do American College of Physicians (ACP), Estudo Multicêntrico de Avaliação Perioperatória (Emapo) e Índice de Risco Cardíaco Revisado de Lee (IRCR). Método: pacientes avaliados no pré-operatório para cirurgia não cardíaca em serviço de anestesiologia foram classificados em baixo, moderado ou alto risco pelas três escalas sugeridas pela II Diretriz. Para avaliar o grau de concordância entre as classificações, calculou-se o índice de concordância kappa. Resultados: quatrocentos e um pacientes foram incluídos. O índice kappa de Cohen de concordância entre os três escores foi de 0,270 (IC: 0,222-0,318), correspondendo a uma concordância fraca. Analisando aos pares, a melhor correlação foi entre Emapo e ACP, com kappa de 0,327. O escore de Lee foi o que classificou mais pacientes como baixo risco: 98,3%, ao passo que Emapo e ACP classificaram como baixo risco 91,3 e 92,5%, respectivamente. Conclusão: há uma baixa concordância entre os escores de risco propostos pela II Diretriz de Avaliação Perioperatória da SBC.

14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 14(1): 18-21, jan.-mar. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-14

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Descrever o estilo de vida de pacientes admitidos em uma unidade coronariana com diagnóstico de infarto agudo do miocárdio. MÉTODOS: Estudo de corte transversal, observacional, realizado entre março e junho de 2012, em um hospital da cidade de Juazeiro (BA). O questionário utilizado foi o FANTASTIC, que é uma ferramenta validada internacionalmente, inclusive no Brasil. O questionário foi aplicado aos pacientes durante os primeiros dias de internação na unidade fechada, e os dados secundários foram coletados nos prontuários. RESULTADOS: Responderam ao questionário 57 pacientes, sendo 63,2% do sexo masculino, com idade média 61,3±10,9 anos e índice de massa corporal médio de 27,0±4,4kg/m2. A média de pontuação pelo questionário foi de 57,2±7,2, e 63,2% apresentaram um "bom" estilo de vida pela classificação previamente padronizada. As mulheres apresentaram um escore de estilo de vida melhor do que os homens (61,1±5,1 pontos versus 55,0±7,3 pontos; p=0,001). Houve menor pontuação nos domínios nutrição, atividade física e tabagismo. CONCLUSÃO: Os pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio apresentaram um escore "bom" pelo questionário FANTASTIC. Alguns domínios, no entanto, mostram valores baixos, como atividade física, nutrição e tabagismo.


OBJECTIVE: To describe the lifestyle of patients admitted to a coronary care unit with acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: Observational cohort study, conducted between March and June, 2012, in a hospital of Juazeiro (BA), Brazil. The questionnaire used was FANTASTIC, that is an internationally validated tool, including Brazil. This was administered to patients during the first days in the coronary care unit and the secondary data were collected from the medical records. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients answered the questionnaire, 63.2% male, mean age 61.3±10.9 years and mean body mass index of 27.0±4.4kg/m2 . Mean score of the questionnaire was 57.2±7.2; and 63.2% had a "good" lifestyle by previously standardized classification. Women had a better lifestyle score than men (61.1±5.1 points versus 55.0±7.3 points; p=0.001) There were lower scores in the areas nutrition, physical activity and smoking questionnaire. CONCLUSION: Acute myocardial infarction patients had a "good" score in the FANTASTIC questionnaire. Some domains, however, were undesirably low: physical activity, nutrition and smoking.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Estilo de Vida , Infarto do Miocárdio , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 105(2 Suppl 1): 1-105, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26375058
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 104(5 Suppl 1): 1-26, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26039716
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(3): 214-227, 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-32564

RESUMO

Unstable angina (UA) is still one of the major cardiovascular causes of hospital admission. Some patients with UA develop elevations in biochemical markers of myocardial injury, characterizing myocardial infarction (MI) without ST-segment elevation (NSTEMI). Those two entities (UA and NSTEMI) make up the non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes(NSTE-ACS), the object of this guideline...(AU)


Assuntos
Angina Instável , Infarto do Miocárdio
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 12(4)nov. 2014. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-730240

RESUMO

Os eventos cardiovasculares são as principais causas de mortalidade perioperatória em cirurgias não cardíacas. Para estimar o risco cardiovascular em cada caso, foram criados diversos escores de risco perioperatório. O objetivo deste trabalho é revisar a literatura em busca de descrever os principais escores de risco perioperatório para cirurgias não-cardíacas e analisar as comparações de acurácia entre os mesmos. Após extensa revisão não-sistemática na base de dados PubMed (National Library of Medicine) , sem restrições de idioma, foram selecionados os principais escores e avaliações de risco cardiovascular perioperatório: ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists), índice de Goldman, índice de Detsky, índice de Larsen, EMAPO (Estudo Multicêntrico de Avaliação Perioperatória), ACP (American College of Physicians), ACC/AHA (American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association) e o índice cardíaco revisado de Lee. De modos diversos, eles são escores em que pontos são somados à medida que fatores de risco acumulam-se e/ou são algoritmos em que critérios únicos podem direcionar a um determinado risco. Ainda que existam vários escores, apenas 5 trabalhos compararam diretamente escores diferentes, em estudos modestos. Nestes trabalhos, não há um escore que destaque-se em acurácia em relação aos demais. Apesar da existência de várias escalas de risco cardíaco perioperatório, pouco se pode inferir sobre qual teria maior acurácia e quais seus desempenhos em diferentes populações. Percebe-se nesta área um amplo campo do conhecimento ainda pouco investigado...


Cardiovascular events are the leading cause of perioperative mortality in noncardiac surgery. To estimate cardiovascular risk in each case was created various perioperative risk scores. The objective of this paper is to review the literature in search of describing the main perioperative risk scores for noncardiacsurgery and analyze the accuracy of comparisons between them. After extensive non-systematic review in PubMed (National Library of Medicine), without language restrictions, the topscores and perioperative cardiovascular risk assessment were selected: ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists), Goldman index, Detsky index, Larsen index, EMAPO (Multicenter Studyof Perioperative Evaluation), ACP (American College of Physicians), ACC/AHA (American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association) and cardiac index revised Lee. In many ways, they are scores in which some points are added as risk factors accumulate and/or are algorithms where unique criteria may direct toward a certain risk. Although there are several scores, only 5 studies directly compared different scoresin studies modest. In these studies, there is no score that outstands in accuracy compared to the others. Despite the existence of various scales of perioperative cardiac risk, little can be inferred about what would have greater accuracy and what their performance in different populations. It can be seen in this area a wide of knowledge still poorly investigated...


Assuntos
Humanos , Indicador de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fatores de Risco
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