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1.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 192-196, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893650

RESUMO

AIM: To identify factors associated with negative child behaviour in the dental setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 324 mother-child pairs (children aged 3 to 12 years) seen at a university clinic in Canoas, southern Brazil. Mother's anxiety was measured using the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Oral examinations were performed to determine caries experience (dmft/DMFT index) in the mothers and children. Child behaviour was evaluated at six moments of the dental visit using the Frankl scale. Statistical analysis involved Poisson regression with robust variance. RESULTS: The prevalence of negative child behaviour was 9.3%, with a greater frequency among younger children, those with no previous use of dental services and those whose mothers exhibited a moderate to severe level of anxiety. The multivariable analysis demonstrated that the probability of negative behaviour was 2.4-fold greater among children who had not previous dental services attendance (PR = 2.37, 95% CI:1.13-4.95; p=0.022) and 3.1-fold greater among those whose mothers had a moderate to severe level of anxiety (PR = 3.08, 95% CI:1.64-5.75; p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Mother's anxiety, younger age and no previous history of visiting a dentist are associated with negative behaviour during a dental appointment and therefore merit special attention.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Mães , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos
2.
J Dent Res ; 99(12): 1321-1331, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680439

RESUMO

Birth cohorts are those among observational studies that provide understanding of the natural history and causality of diseases since early in life. Discussions during an International Association for Dental Research symposium in London, United Kingdom, in 2018, followed by a workshop in Bangkok, Thailand, in 2019, concluded that there are few birth cohort studies that consider oral health and that a broader discussion on similarities and differences among those studies would be valuable. This article aims to 1) bring together available long-term data of oral health birth cohort studies from the low, middle, and high-income countries worldwide and 2) describe similarities and differences among these studies. This work comprises 15 studies from all 5 continents. The most studied dental conditions and exposures are identified; findings are summarized; and methodological differences and similarities among studies are presented. Methodological strengths and weaknesses are also highlighted. Findings are summarized in 1) the negative impact of detrimental socioeconomic status on oral health changes over time, 2) the role of unfavorable patterns of dental visiting on oral health, 3) associations between general and oral health, 4) nutritional and dietary effects on oral health, and 5) intergenerational influences on oral health. Dental caries and dental visiting patterns have been recorded in all studies. Sources of fluoride exposure have been documented in most of the more recent studies. Despite some methodological differences in the way that the exposures and outcomes were measured, some findings are consistent. Predictive models have been used with caries risk tools, periodontitis occurrence, and permanent dentition orthodontic treatment need. The next steps of the group's work are as follows: 1) establishing a consortium of oral health birth cohort studies, 2) conducting a scoping review, 3) exploring opportunities for pooled data analyses to answer pressing research questions, and 4) promoting and enabling the development of the next generation of oral health researchers.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Humanos , Londres , Tailândia/epidemiologia , Reino Unido
3.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; 20(3): 241-248, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888582

RESUMO

AIM: Estimate the prevalence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) in the primary dentition, describe the distribution among tooth groups and investigate the association with birth weight. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 827 children aged 2-5 years representative of the city of Canela in southern Brazil. Demographic characteristics (gender and age) and birth weight were collected from vaccination cards. The diagnosis of DDE was performed by six trained examiners following the criteria of the Federation Dentaire International. DDE were described both jointly and separately as opacity and hypoplasia. Statistical analysis involved the Chi square test, Mann-Whitney test and Poisson regression with robust variance. RESULTS: The prevalence of DDE was 55.1% (95% CI 51.6-58.5%), with a mean of 3.0 ± 2.2 teeth affected. Opacity was the more frequent defect (50.4%), followed by hypoplasia (15.5%). Distribution of the defects was uneven, with opacity predominant on second molars and hypoplasia predominant on canines and second molars. Children with a low birth weight did not have a greater probability of opacity (PR: 1.13; 95% CI 0.91-1.41), hypoplasia (PR: 1.33; 95% CI 0.80-2.22) or DDE (PR: 1.11; 95% CI 0.91-1.37). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of DDE was high, predominant on second molars and not associated with birth weight. These findings indicate directions for future examination/diagnosis protocols and specific orientations.


Assuntos
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Peso ao Nascer , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Prevalência , Dente Decíduo
5.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 47(7): 888-895, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29336931

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of oral lesions and micronuclei in crack cocaine users. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 106 crack users and 106 non-users matched for age, sex, and tobacco use. Socio-demographic characteristics, the consumption of psychoactive substances, and the occurrence of fundamental lesions were investigated. Cellular changes in the oral mucosa (karyolysis, karyorrhexis, 'broken egg' events, and micronuclei) were determined by exfoliative cytology for 54 participants in each group. Crack users had a greater occurrence of fundamental lesions (P=0.001). Furthermore, they had higher mean occurrences of micronuclei (17.25 vs. 3.80), karyolysis (12.39 vs. 9.46), and karyorrhexis (30.39 vs. 10.11) (number per 1000 cells) than non-users (all P<0.05). No difference between the groups was found with regard to broken egg events (P>0.05). After controlling for confounding variables, fundamental lesions were 2.02-fold more frequent and micronuclei were 3.54-fold more frequent in crack users. Crack use was found to be associated with clinical and cellular changes in the oral mucosa. These findings can contribute to the planning of health care for individuals who are dependent on street drugs.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/complicações , Cocaína Crack , Doenças da Boca/induzido quimicamente , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes para Micronúcleos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/patologia , Mucosa Bucal/patologia
6.
J Dent Res ; 97(3): 251-258, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29108500

RESUMO

Breastfeeding is a powerful health-promoting behavior. A 2016 Lancet global collaboration to review the health implications of breastfeeding was among the first to consider oral health outcomes. While a role was suggested for breastfeeding in preventing malocclusion, caries was the only included disease condition unfavorably associated with breastfeeding. The present critical review examines the evidence connecting breastfeeding practices to these outcomes and discusses the methodological challenges inherent in reaching causal conclusions. Published systematic reviews show some evidence of a protective effect of breastfeeding against primary dentition malocclusion but no supportive evidence for mixed dentition and permanent dentition malocclusions. Regarding caries, well-conducted studies report a benefit with breastfeeding up to 12 mo but a positive association between caries and breastfeeding of longer duration, at times that vary between 12 and 24 mo, as well as nocturnal feeding. Future studies would be methodologically stronger if focused on specific malocclusion traits that are plausibly associated with sucking movements rather than using general malocclusion indices. Studies should use detailed and consistent terminology for breastfeeding definition, including frequency, intensity, and timing. Analytical studies should be carried out to distinguish between confounders (e.g., prematurity) and mediators (e.g., use of pacifier). Regarding a link to caries, standard terminology for exposures (e.g., nocturnal feeding) is recommended. Statistical analyses must account for known confounding factors (e.g., socioeconomic conditions) but avoid inappropriate adjustment for variables on a causal path between exposure and outcome or for variables not associated with breastfeeding (e.g., tooth brushing), as can be guided using tools such as direct acyclic graphs. For dental practice, the potential caries risk of long-duration breastfeeding should be part of individual patient counseling that incorporates patient values and circumstances. Given the unquestioned overall health benefits of breastfeeding, the dental community should support World Health Organization guidelines that encourage and promote breastfeeding.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Má Oclusão/prevenção & controle , Saúde Bucal , Aleitamento Materno/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Oral Dis ; 24(3): 482-488, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28949432

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the use of crack and other illicit drugs on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in young adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 106 crack users at a public treatment center for drug addiction and 106 controls matched for gender, age, and use of tobacco. Clinical examinations were performed for dental caries and periodontal disease. The outcome was OHRQoL, which was determined using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The association between OHRQoL and illicit drugs was modeled using conditional Poisson regression. RESULTS: Users of crack and other illicit drugs had a poorer OHRQoL than the controls (p < .001). Among the crack users, the odds ratio to yield high OHIP-14 was 3.40 (95% confidence interval, 1.91-6.08). Adjustment for sex, age, schooling, income, smoking, dental caries, and periodontal disease did not change such an estimate considerably. The functional limitation and psychological discomfort domains were associated with the use of illicit drugs. CONCLUSION: Users of crack and other illicit drugs exerted a negative impact on OHRQoL independently of socio-demographic characteristics and tobacco use, suggesting the need for special attention regarding the specific oral health needs of this population as well as drug prevention and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/complicações , Cocaína Crack/efeitos adversos , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Oral Dis ; 23(3): 324-330, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27982490

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare counts of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella intermedia, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum between crack users and non-users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving seventy-four crack cocaine users and eighty-one non-users matched for age, gender and tobacco use. Demographic and clinical variables were analysed. Subgingival bacterial samples were collected from four sites with the greatest probing depths and were analysed using real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: No significant difference was found in the prevalence of total counts for each bacterial species analysed between groups. However, crack users had a 1.85 (95% CI: 1.03-3.31), 2.19 (95% CI 1.24-3.88), 2.53 (95% CI 1.27-5.04) and 2.40 (95% CI 1.22-4.75) greater probability of having the higher counts (≥75th percentile) for Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia and Fusobacterium nucleatum, respectively. CONCLUSION: Although some crack users had higher (>75th percentile) bacterial counts for Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia and Fusobacterium nucleatum, total counts did not differ between crack users and non-users, leading to the hypothesis that the higher occurrence of periodontitis on crack users may be related to other non-bacterial factors.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/microbiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodonto/microbiologia , Adulto , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cocaína Crack , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Humanos , Masculino , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevalência , Prevotella intermedia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Caries Res ; 50(5): 455-461, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27529624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between neighbourhood factors and decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) index among preschool children. METHODS: The sample of this cross-sectional study comprised 1,110 children (0-5 years old) clustered in 16 official neighbourhoods of Canoas city, southern Brazil. Multilevel binomial models were used to estimate the association of contextual variables at neighbourhood level (Human Development Index, average income, and public primary health care units) with two oral health outcomes: decayed teeth (dt) and missing or filled teeth (mft), after adjusting for individual variables (gender, age, maternal education, equivalent household income logarithm, household, and point of care). RESULTS: Overall, 24.9% of the sample had dental caries experience (dmft >0), and 92.3% of the dmft was untreated caries. There was no statistical significant association (p > 0.05) of contextual characteristics with the decay component. The teeth of children living in richer areas had 2.87 (95% CI: 1.05-7.86) times more chances of being treated (mft component). Variance attributed to neighbourhood level was estimated as 5.9% (p < 0.01) and 4.1% (p = 0.17) for dt and mft, respectively, in adjusted models. CONCLUSIONS: Intra-urban areas seem homogeneous, with small variability between neighbourhoods, having no contextual effect on untreated dental caries (dt). Contextual variables may influence treatment access (mft) through the use of dental services in preschool children.


Assuntos
Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Análise Multinível , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana
10.
J Dent Res ; 92(7 Suppl): 29S-36S, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23690364

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to estimate the caries impact of providing training in infant feeding guidelines to workers at Brazilian public primary care clinics. In a cluster-randomized controlled trial (n = 20 clinics), health care workers either were trained in guidelines for infant nutrition, stressing healthful complementary feeding, or were assigned to a 'usual practices' control, which allowed for maternal counseling at practitioner discretion. Training occurred once; the amount of counseling provided to mothers was not assessed. Eligible pregnant women were enrolled to follow health outcomes in their children. Early childhood caries (ECC) was measured at age three years (n = 458 children). The overall reductions in ECC (relative risk, 0.92; 95%CI, 0.75, 1.12) and severe ECC (RR, 0.87; 95%CI, 0.64, 1.19) were not statistically significant. There was a protective effect among mothers who remained exclusively at the same health center (S-ECC RR, 0.68; 95%CI, 0.47, 0.99) and among those naming the health center as their principal source of feeding advice (S-ECC RR, 0.53; 95%CI, 0.29, 0.97). Health care worker training did not yield a statistically significant reduction in caries overall, although caries was reduced among children of mothers more connected to their health centers.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto , Brasil , Aleitamento Materno , Pré-Escolar , Centros Comunitários de Saúde , Aconselhamento , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica , Dieta , Escolaridade , Pai/educação , Métodos de Alimentação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Manipulação de Alimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Alimentos Infantis , Idade Materna , Mães/educação , Gravidez , Classe Social , Recursos Humanos
11.
Caries Res ; 47(5): 373-81, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23571856

RESUMO

Family expenditures on food for children may represent an important barrier to the adoption of healthy feeding practices in populations of low socioeconomic status. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between cariogenic feeding practices, expenditures on food for children and dental caries. This cross-sectional study included 329 four-year-old children from São Leopoldo in southern Brazil. Cariogenic dietary practices were assessed at 4 years of age using two 24-hour recalls conducted with the children's mothers. Expenditures on food for children were estimated based on all reported food items and the respective amounts ingested. Early childhood caries and severe early childhood caries were assessed by clinical examination at 4 years of age. Cariogenic dietary habits were not associated with lower food expenditures. On the contrary, in multivariable regression analysis, the intake of chocolate (p = 0.007), soft drinks (p = 0.027) and a higher number of meals and snacks per day (p < 0.001) was associated with greater expenditures on food for children. No statistically significant differences were observed in food expenditures or in the proportion of household income spent on feeding children between caries-free children, those with early childhood caries and those with severe early childhood caries. In conclusion, keeping children free of dental caries does not necessarily increase food expenditures or the proportion of household income spent on feeding children in low-socioeconomic status populations. Some cariogenic dietary practices were associated with greater expenditures on child feeding.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Dieta Cariogênica/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Alimentar , Alimentos/economia , Animais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cacau , Doces/estatística & dados numéricos , Bebidas Gaseificadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Custos e Análise de Custo , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Escolaridade , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Refeições , Carne/estatística & dados numéricos , Mães/educação , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , Lanches , Classe Social
12.
J Hum Nutr Diet ; 26(4): 369-79, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23198698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The assessment of the factors that influence children's diets is important for supporting the development of public health policies for the prevention of diet-related diseases. The present study aimed to evaluate the diet quality of preschoolers by using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and to identify maternal and family characteristics associated with this score and its components. METHODS: The present study comprised a cohort study conducted with 345 low socioeconomic status children from São Leopoldo in southern Brazil aged 6 months and 3-4 years old. Dietary data were collected through 24-h recalls and diet quality was evaluated according to the HEI. RESULTS: The mean (SD) total HEI score was 65.7 (11.2). Only 9.6% (n = 33) of the children had a good diet. No significant association was detected between the overall diet quality of children and the characteristics. The prevalence of children who achieved the 75th percentile of the scores for grains [prevalence ratio (PR) = 0.65; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.43-0.98] and total fat (PR = 0.80; 95% CI = 0.69-0.93) was lower among children whose families had higher incomes, whereas the prevalence for grains was lower in those whose fathers were employed (PR = 0.53; 95% CI = 0.34-0.81). The prevalence for diet variety (PR = 1.44; 95% CI = 1.01-2.05) and milk (P = 1.18; 95% CI = 1.04-1.35) was higher and for total fat (PR = 0.83; 95% CI = 0.70-0.98) and saturated fat (PR = 0.76; 95% CI = 0.59-0.98) was lower among children whose mothers had higher levels of education. CONCLUSIONS: The total HEI score in these children indicates that compliance with dietary guidelines is generally poor. Although the overall diet quality did not show variation across maternal and family characteristics, some components of the diet were affected by these features.


Assuntos
Dieta/normas , Família , Comportamento Alimentar , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Mães , Classe Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Grão Comestível , Escolaridade , Ácidos Graxos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Rememoração Mental , Recomendações Nutricionais , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; 13(2): 70-5, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22449805

RESUMO

AIM: To identify risk factors for cariogenic feeding practices in the first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: 500 children born within the public health care system in São Leopoldo, Brazil, were recruited in a follow-up program. Anthropometric and demographic data were collected soon after birth; data on feeding practices were assessed at 12 months of age using a standardised questionnaire; clinical examination at 4 years of age allowed identification of cariogenic feeding practices in the first year of life and to quantify their relative risks. In the present study, the attributable risks of each child were summed, and the outcome was assessed for the upper quartile of scores for cariogenic feeding practices. STATISTICS: Adjusted relative risks for the outcome were estimated using robust Poisson regression models. RESULTS: A total of 327 children comprised the final study sample, i.e. were followed from birth to 4 years of age. Multivariate analysis showed that the risk of cariogenic feeding practices doubled in children from mothers with less than 5 years of education (RR 2.19, 95%CI 1.26-3.82) and was 70% higher in children from mothers with 5-8 years of education when compared with maternal education >8 years. The other independent variables were not associated with the outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Low maternal education is a risk factor for cariogenic feeding practices, independently of other factors. Mothers with low educational levels should be the focus of child health promotion interventions, especially those aimed at controlling dental caries.


Assuntos
Dieta Cariogênica , Métodos de Alimentação , Mães/educação , Adolescente , Adulto , Bebidas , Peso ao Nascer , Alimentação Artificial , Brasil , Aleitamento Materno , Estudos de Coortes , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Sacarose na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Escolaridade , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Renda , Lactente , Masculino , Idade Materna , Ocupações , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
Caries Res ; 44(5): 445-52, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20838043

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between feeding practices in the first year of life and the occurrence of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) at 4 years of age. A birth cohort study (n = 500) was conducted in children who were born within the public health system in São Leopoldo, Brazil. Feeding practices were assessed using standardized methods at 6 and 12 months of age. A total of 340 children were examined at 4 years of age. S-ECC was defined as recommended by an expert panel for research purposes: ≥1 cavitated, missing or filled smooth surfaces in primary maxillary anterior teeth or d(1+) mfs ≥5. Poisson regression with robust variance was used in order to determine the early feeding practices which represent risk factors for the occurrence of S-ECC at 4 years of age. The multivariable model showed a higher adjusted risk of S-ECC for the following dietary practices at 12 months: breastfeeding ≥7 times daily (RR = 1.97; 95% CI = 1.45-2.68), high density of sugar (RR = 1.43; 95% CI = 1.08-1.89), bottle use for liquids other than milk (RR = 1.41; 95% CI = 1.08-1.86), as well as number of meals and snacks >8 (RR = 1.42; 95% CI = 1.02-1.97). Mother's education ≤8 years was also associated with the outcome. The present study identified early feeding practices which represent risk factors for caries severity in subsequent years. These findings may contribute to developing general and oral health interventions, with special attention to families with low maternal education.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Bebidas/estatística & dados numéricos , Alimentação Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Dente Canino/patologia , Índice CPO , Restauração Dentária Permanente/estatística & dados numéricos , Sacarose na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Escolaridade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incisivo/patologia , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Lactente , Masculino , Maxila , Mães/educação , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Classe Social , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Dente Decíduo/patologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 18(3): 187-90, 1994.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8054303

RESUMO

One of the alternatives used when the clinical inspection of the fissure is doubtful is the invasive technique. This study used the SEM, to investigate two kinds of burs in doing the invasive technique upon primary molars, as well as to test the suitability of two kinds of sealants (with and without filler particles) to penetrate into such preparations. The points hereby tested revealed to be adequate in obtaining a minimal opening in the enamel, allowing the inspection of the fissure, and at the expense of a slight removal of dubious tissue, permitting a preparation of easy clinical performance. In regard to sealant penetration, no difference was seen between the self-cured sealant and the light-cured sealant.


Assuntos
Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/instrumentação , Fissuras Dentárias/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Pré-Escolar , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Fissuras Dentárias/patologia , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Dente Molar , Dente Decíduo
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