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1.
Am Heart J ; 226: 49-59, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-547998

RESUMO

Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) expression may increase due to upregulation in patients using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Because renin-angiotensin system blockers increase levels of ACE2, a protein that facilitates coronavirus entry into cells, there is concern that these drugs could increase the risk of developing a severe and fatal form of COVID-19. The impact of discontinuing ACEI and ARBs in patients with COVID-19 remains uncertain. DESIGN: BRACE CORONA is a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized, phase IV, clinical trial that aims to enroll around 500 participants at 34 sites in Brazil. Participants will be identified from an ongoing national registry of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19. Eligible patients using renin-angiotensin system blockers (ACEI/ARBs) with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 will be randomized to a strategy of continued ACEI/ARB treatment versus temporary discontinuation for 30 days. The primary outcome is the median days alive and out of the hospital at 30 days. Secondary outcomes include progression of COVID-19 disease, all-cause mortality, death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack, new or worsening heart failure, myocarditis, pericarditis, arrhythmias, thromboembolic events, hypertensive crisis, respiratory failure, hemodynamic decompensation, sepsis, renal failure, and troponin, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal-proBNP, and D-dimer levels. SUMMARY: BRACE CORONA will evaluate whether the strategy of continued ACEI/ARB therapy compared with temporary discontinuation of these drugs impacts clinical outcomes among patients with COVID-19.

2.
Am Heart J ; 226: 49-59, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-245496

RESUMO

Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) expression may increase due to upregulation in patients using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Because renin-angiotensin system blockers increase levels of ACE2, a protein that facilitates coronavirus entry into cells, there is concern that these drugs could increase the risk of developing a severe and fatal form of COVID-19. The impact of discontinuing ACEI and ARBs in patients with COVID-19 remains uncertain. DESIGN: BRACE CORONA is a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized, phase IV, clinical trial that aims to enroll around 500 participants at 34 sites in Brazil. Participants will be identified from an ongoing national registry of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19. Eligible patients using renin-angiotensin system blockers (ACEI/ARBs) with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 will be randomized to a strategy of continued ACEI/ARB treatment versus temporary discontinuation for 30 days. The primary outcome is the median days alive and out of the hospital at 30 days. Secondary outcomes include progression of COVID-19 disease, all-cause mortality, death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack, new or worsening heart failure, myocarditis, pericarditis, arrhythmias, thromboembolic events, hypertensive crisis, respiratory failure, hemodynamic decompensation, sepsis, renal failure, and troponin, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal-proBNP, and D-dimer levels. SUMMARY: BRACE CORONA will evaluate whether the strategy of continued ACEI/ARB therapy compared with temporary discontinuation of these drugs impacts clinical outcomes among patients with COVID-19.

3.
Am Heart J ; 226: 49-59, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502882

RESUMO

Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) expression may increase due to upregulation in patients using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Because renin-angiotensin system blockers increase levels of ACE2, a protein that facilitates coronavirus entry into cells, there is concern that these drugs could increase the risk of developing a severe and fatal form of COVID-19. The impact of discontinuing ACEI and ARBs in patients with COVID-19 remains uncertain. DESIGN: BRACE CORONA is a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized, phase IV, clinical trial that aims to enroll around 500 participants at 34 sites in Brazil. Participants will be identified from an ongoing national registry of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19. Eligible patients using renin-angiotensin system blockers (ACEI/ARBs) with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 will be randomized to a strategy of continued ACEI/ARB treatment versus temporary discontinuation for 30 days. The primary outcome is the median days alive and out of the hospital at 30 days. Secondary outcomes include progression of COVID-19 disease, all-cause mortality, death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack, new or worsening heart failure, myocarditis, pericarditis, arrhythmias, thromboembolic events, hypertensive crisis, respiratory failure, hemodynamic decompensation, sepsis, renal failure, and troponin, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal-proBNP, and D-dimer levels. SUMMARY: BRACE CORONA will evaluate whether the strategy of continued ACEI/ARB therapy compared with temporary discontinuation of these drugs impacts clinical outcomes among patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Pragmáticos como Assunto , Brasil , Ensaios Clínicos Fase IV como Assunto , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/fisiologia , Integração Viral , Suspensão de Tratamento
5.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0222782, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a pathological enlargement of infrarenal aorta close to the aortic bifurcation, and it is an important cause of mortality in the elderly. Therefore, the biomarker identification for early diagnosis is of great interest for clinical benefit. It is known that microRNAs (miRNAs) have important roles via target genes regulation in many diseases. This study aimed to identify miRNAs and their target genes involved in the pathogenesis of AAA. METHODS: Tissue samples were obtained from patients who underwent AAA surgery and from organ donors (control group). Quantitative PCR Array was applied to assess 84 genes and 384 miRNAs aiming to identify differentially expressed targets (AAA n = 6, control n = 6), followed by validation in a new cohort (AAA n = 18, control n = 6) by regular qPCR. The functional interaction between validated miRNAs and target genes was performed by the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software. RESULTS: The screening cohort assessed by PCR array identified 10 genes and 59 miRNAs differentially expressed (≥2-fold change, p<0.05). Among these, IPA identified 5 genes and 9 miRNAs with paired interaction. ALOX5, PTGIS, CX3CL1 genes, and miR-193a-3p, 125b-5p, 150-5p maintained a statistical significance in the validation cohort. IPA analysis based on the validated genes and miRNAs revealed that eicosanoid and metalloproteinase/TIMP synthesis are potentially involved in AAA. CONCLUSION: Paired interactions of differentially expressed ALOX5, PTGIS, CX3CL1 genes, and miR-193b-3p, 125b-5p, 150-5p revealed a potentially significant role of the eicosanoid synthesis and metalloproteinase/TIMP pathways in the AAA pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transdução de Sinais/genética
6.
PLos ONE ; 14(9): 1-14, set., 2019. tab., ilus., graf.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1022252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a pathological enlargement of infrarenal aorta close to the aortic bifurcation, and it is an important cause of mortality in the elderly. Therefore, the biomarker identification for early diagnosis is of great interest for clinical benefit. It is known that microRNAs (miRNAs) have important roles via target genes regulation in many diseases. This study aimed to identify miRNAs and their target genes involved in the pathogenesis of AAA. METHODS: Tissue samples were obtained from patients who underwent AAA surgery and from organ donors (control group). Quantitative PCR Array was applied to assess 84 genes and 384 miRNAs aiming to identify differentially expressed targets (AAA n = 6, control n = 6), followed by validation in a new cohort (AAA n = 18, control n = 6) by regular qPCR. The functional interaction between validated miRNAs and target genes was performed by the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software. RESULTS The screening cohort assessed by PCR array identified 10 genes and 59 miRNAs differentially expressed...(AU)


Assuntos
RNA , Biomarcadores , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(3 supl.1): 218-218, set., 2018. graf.
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1046348

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: A residência médica pode estar sujeita a fatores estressores magnificados e poderia aumentar a suscetibilidade à síndrome de exaustão emocional, despersonalização e reduzida realização profissional, conhecida como burnout. OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência de burnout e de cada uma de suas dimensões na população de médicos residentes de um dos maiores Institutos especializados de Cardiologia do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com residentes, realizado em 2017, através da aplicação de um instrumento contendo dois questionários: um com variáveis sociodemográficas e o questionário Maslach Burnout Inventory...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Internato e Residência
8.
Ann Hum Genet ; 81(3): 99-105, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28422282

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia after cardiac surgery. From a pathophysiological point of view, a myriad of factors such as trauma, atrial dilation, ischemia, mechanical myopericarditis, autonomic imbalance, loss of connexins, AF nest remodeling, inflammation, sutures, and dysfunction caused by postextracorporeal circulation can contribute to postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) resulting in a longer hospital stay and consequently higher cost. Recent studies showed that short fragments of RNA, called microRNA (miRNA), can contribute to the development of several cardiovascular diseases, including AF. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of circulating miRNAs (miR-1, -23a, and -26a) that can be involved in POAF. Patients submitted to coronary artery bypass graft surgery were grouped in POAF (24 patients) and without POAF (24 patients). Results showed older age, longer clamp-time, and more days in the intensive care unit as well as a longer total hospital stay in the POAF group. Preoperative levels of circulating miRNAs were similar. Analysis of miRNAs revealed significantly lower circulating levels of miRNA-23a (P = 0.02) and -26a (P = 0.01) in the POAF group during the postoperative period. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed the area under the ROC curve of miR-23a and miR-26a for predicting FA was 0.63 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.51-0.74; P = 0.02) and 0.66 (95% CI: 0.55-0.77; P = 0.01), respectively. Our data suggests that circulating miRNA-23a and -26a may be involved in the underlying biology of postoperative AF development.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , MicroRNAs/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
In. Sousa, Amanda Guerra Moraes Rego; Timerman, Ari; Sousa, José Eduardo Moraes Rego. Tratado sobre doença arterial coronária. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2017. p.949-58, tab.
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1084741
10.
In. Sousa, Amanda Guerra Moraes Rego; Timerman, Ari; Sousa, José Eduardo Moraes Rego. Tratado sobre doença arterial coronária. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2017. p.613-24, tab, graf.
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1084749
11.
In. Sousa, Amanda Guerra Moraes Rego; Timerman, Ari; Sousa, José Eduardo Moraes Rego. Tratado sobre doença arterial coronária. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2017. p.727-744, ilus, tab.
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1084756
12.
Clin Transplant ; 30(7): 774-8, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27091297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major advances have been made in heart transplantation, but there is a discrepancy between the number of patients potentially treatable by transplantation and the limited number of viable grafts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reasons for refusal of donor hearts. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of donor data from an organ procurement organization in the state of São Paulo (Brazil) between 2010 and 2012. Fisher's exact test, Student's t-test, and the Mann-Whitney U-test were used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Only 26 (7.9%) of 328 potential heart donors actually became donors. Most donors were men (18/26, 69.2%), Caucasians (14/26, 53.8%), and had a mean age of 23.5 yr. There were significant associations of use of donor hearts with the variables: brain death after trauma (p = 0.002), history of hypertension (p = 0.001), electrocardiographic changes (p = 0.007), and age (p = 0.001). Older age (n = 101, 33.4%) was the main reason for refusal of donor hearts, followed by poor medical history (n = 44, 14.6%), cardiac arrest of the donor during donor care (n = 25, 8.3%), use of vasopressor drugs (n = 23, 7.6%), and hemodynamic instability (n = 20, 6.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Age, poor medical history, cardiac arrest, use of vasopressors, and hemodynamic instability were the most prevalent reasons for refusal of donor hearts. Echocardiogram evaluation is a potential intervention to improve heart transplantation conversion in Brazil.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração/psicologia , Sistema de Registros , Doadores de Tecidos , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/organização & administração , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Clin Transplant ; 30(7): 610-623, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1062066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:Major advances have been made in heart transplantation, but there is a discrepancy between the number of patients potentially treatable by transplantation and the limited number of viable grafts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reasons for refusal of donor hearts. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of donor data from an organ procurement organization in the state of São Paulo (Brazil) between 2010 and 2012. Fisher's exact test, Student's t-test, and the Mann-Whitney U-test were used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Only 26 (7.9%) of 328 potential heart donors actually became donors. Most donors were men (18/26, 69.2%), Caucasians (14/26, 53.8%), and had a mean age of 23.5 yr. There were significant associations of use of donor hearts with the variables: brain death after trauma (p = 0.002), history of hypertension (p = 0.001), electrocardiographic changes (p = 0.007), and age (p = 0.001). Older age (n = 101, 33.4%) was the main reason for refusal of donor hearts, followed by poor medical history (n = 44, 14.6%), cardiac arrest of the donor during donor care (n = 25, 8.3%), use of vasopressor drugs (n = 23, 7.6%), and hemodynamic instability (n = 20, 6.6%)...


Assuntos
Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Seleção do Doador , Transplante de Coração
14.
In. Souza, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego; Abizaid, Andrea Claudia Leão de Sousa; Amato, Vivian Lerner; Meneghelo, Romeu Sérgio; Sousa, José Eduardo Moraes Rego. Nova série monografias: Dante Pazzanese Fundação Adib Jatene. Rio de Janeiro, Elsevier, 2016. p.489-558, tab, ilus.
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1083247

RESUMO

A cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica constitui um dos tratamentos de escolha da doença coronária e apresenta mortalidade entre 2-5% em procedimentos eletivos, segundo estudos americanos. O avanço tecnológico melhorou as taxas de complicação, embora a taxa de infarto agudo do miocárdio perioperatório ou infarto agudo do miocárdio tipo 5 é difícil, pois alterações tanto eletrocardiográficas como de biomarcadores podem estar relacionadas à injúria cirúrgica...


Assuntos
Assistência Perioperatória , Infarto do Miocárdio , Revascularização Miocárdica
15.
In. Santos, Elizabete Silva dos; Trindade, Pedro Henrique Duccini Mendes; Moreira, Humberto Graner. Tratado Dante Pazzanese de emergências cardiovasculares. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2016. p.823-831, ilus, tab.
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1083450
16.
In. Santos, Elizabete Silva dos; Trindade, Pedro Henrique Duccini Mendes; Moreira, Humberto Graner. Tratado Dante Pazzanese de emergências cardiovasculares. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2016. p.957-973, tab.
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1083458
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 105(2 Suppl 1): 1-105, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26375058
18.
São Paulo; IDPC; 2015. 74 p. ilus, tab.
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1083359

RESUMO

A Cirurgia de Revascularização Miocárdica (CRM)constitui um dos tratamentos de escolha da doença coronariana, e apresenta mortalidade entre 2 a 5% em procedimentos eletivos segundo estudos americanos. O avanço tecnológico melhorou as taxas de complicações, no entanto, a taxa de infarto perioperatório (IMP) permanece elevada. O diagnóstico de IMP ou infarto tipo 5 é difícil, pois tanto alterações eletrocardiográficas quanto de biomarcadores podem estar relacionados à injúria cirúrgica. Dois mecanismos distintos estão envolvidos em suas fisiopatologia...


Assuntos
Assistência Perioperatória , Infarto do Miocárdio , Revascularização Miocárdica
19.
São Paulo; s.n; 2015. 89 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Tese em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1083767

RESUMO

A fibrilação atrial (FA) é a arritmia mais comum no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca. Apesar de estar relacionada a alterações estruturais, alguns pacientes, mesmo que sem tais condições, ainda assim, cursam com fibrilação atrial no pós-operatório (FAPO) causando aumento no tempo de internação e custos. Estudos recentes vem ampliando o conhecimento sobre pequenos fragmentos de RNA, chamados de microRNAs (miRNAs) que podem interferir diretamente no aparecimento de algumas doenças na área cardiovascular. O objetivo do presente estudo é: 1) comparar a expressão dos miRNAs 1, 23 e 26 entre pacientes com e sem FAPO; 2) comparar nos grupos a expressão destes miRNAs entre os período pré e pós-cirúrgico; 3)comparar a expressão dos genes GJA1, KCNJ2, CACNB1, CACNA1C e KCNN3 entre os tempos pré e pós-cirúrgico no grupo FAPO; 4) comparar estes últimos genes no tecido atrial; 5) comparar os genes relacionados à produção de interleucinas (IL)-1, 6 e fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF?) entre os grupos e entre os tempos pré e pós-cirúrgico; 6)avaliar as características clínicas e evolutivas da população estudada. Pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica foram submetidos à coleta de 20ml de sangue pré e pós-cirurgia bem como fragmento de tecido atrial. Um total de 143 pacientes compuseram os grupos: FAPO (24 pacientes), controle genético (24 pacientes) e controle total (97 pacientes + 24 grupo controle genético). Do ponto de vista clínico observou-se maior idade, tempo de anóxia, tempo de internação em terapia intensiva e hospitalar no grupo FAPO...


Assuntos
Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Fibrilação Atrial , Revascularização Miocárdica
20.
In. Timerman, Ari; Sousa, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego; Fragata Filho, Abilio Augusto; Armaganijan, Dikran; Bertolami, Marcelo Chiara; Meneghelo, Romeu Sergio. Condutas terapêuticas do Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2 ed; 2014. p.563-569.
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1082046
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