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1.
JMIR Med Inform ; 9(9): e30022, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergency department boarding and hospital exit block are primary causes of emergency department crowding and have been conclusively associated with poor patient outcomes and major threats to patient safety. Boarding occurs when a patient is delayed or blocked from transitioning out of the emergency department because of dysfunctional transition or bed assignment processes. Predictive models for estimating the probability of an occurrence of this type could be useful in reducing or preventing emergency department boarding and hospital exit block, to reduce emergency department crowding. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and appraise the predictive performance, predictor utility, model application, and model utility of hospital admission prediction models that utilized prehospital, adult patient data and aimed to address emergency department crowding. METHODS: We searched multiple databases for studies, from inception to September 30, 2019, that evaluated models predicting adult patients' imminent hospital admission, with prehospital patient data and regression analysis. We used PROBAST (Prediction Model Risk of Bias Assessment Tool) and CHARMS (Checklist for Critical Appraisal and Data Extraction for Systematic Reviews of Prediction Modeling Studies) to critically assess studies. RESULTS: Potential biases were found in most studies, which suggested that each model's predictive performance required further investigation. We found that select prehospital patient data contribute to the identification of patients requiring hospital admission. Biomarker predictors may add superior value and advantages to models. It is, however, important to note that no models had been integrated with an information system or workflow, operated independently as electronic devices, or operated in real time within the care environment. Several models could be used at the site-of-care in real time without digital devices, which would make them suitable for low-technology or no-electricity environments. CONCLUSIONS: There is incredible potential for prehospital admission prediction models to improve patient care and hospital operations. Patient data can be utilized to act as predictors and as data-driven, actionable tools to identify patients likely to require imminent hospital admission and reduce patient boarding and crowding in emergency departments. Prediction models can be used to justify earlier patient admission and care, to lower morbidity and mortality, and models that utilize biomarker predictors offer additional advantages.

2.
J Nurs Care Qual ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Delayed discharges can be a systemic issue. Understanding the systemic factors that contribute to discharge inefficiencies is essential to addressing discharge inefficiencies. PURPOSE: This article reports on a Lean Six Sigma approach and the process to identifying inefficiencies and systemic barriers to early discharge in a large US academic medical center. METHODS: A qualitative methodology guided this project. In particular, direct observation methods were used to help the project team identify factors contributing to discharge inefficiencies. RESULTS: Overall, findings suggest that establishing consistent multidisciplinary team communication processes was a contributing factor to reducing the inefficiencies around discharges. On a more granular level, key barriers included disparate communication systems, disruptors (specifically Kaizen bursts), and unique role challenges. CONCLUSIONS: This article provides a framework for addressing discharge inefficiencies. Because the output of the process, a critical contributor to the overall outcome, is often not analyzed, this analysis provides value to others contemplating the same or similar process toward discharge efficiency.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hospitals worldwide are faced with the problem of discharging patients on time. Delayed discharge creates domino effects with significant implications for hospitals. The accountable care team (ACT) is a multidisciplinary, unit-based approach to identifying opportunities to improve patient care and address inefficiencies in care delivery and throughput, including assuring timely discharges. In response to concerns about emergency department boarding times and delays in timely discharge, the ACT recommended a set of strategies to improve communication across team members and to reduce wait times for transportation within and outside the hospital. Collectively these strategies were thought to increase the proportion of patients discharged on time. In this article, we describe and assess changes in timely discharge resulting from the implementation of strategies recommended by the ACT. METHODS: This study uses a retrospective, quasi-experimental design to compare the percentage of discharges by 1 PM of hospital units implementing the ACT intervention to those units not implementing the intervention. Median discharge time was compared pre- and post-implementation using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Difference-in-differences modeling was employed to assess whether changes in the percentage of discharges by 1 PM differed between units implementing the intervention and units not implementing the intervention. RESULTS: One month post-implementation, the percentage discharged by 1 PM was statistically significantly higher for units implementing the intervention (53.6%) compared with comparison units (22.5%, t = -4.48, P < .01). Statistically significant differences in the percentage discharged by 1 PM were also seen at 3 and 6 months post-implementation. The median discharge time showed a statistically significant decrease by 77 minutes from the baseline to intervention period (P < .01). CONCLUSION: The result from the study suggests that ACTs can be used to develop approaches aimed at improving patient care in general, and discharge efficiencies in particular. Health care organizations are encouraged to utilize and then evaluate the specific activities of multidisciplinary teams aimed at developing recommendations for practice improvement.

4.
JMIR Ment Health ; 8(5): e26746, 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with co-occurring behavioral health and chronic medical conditions frequently overuse inpatient hospital services. This pattern of overuse contributes to inefficient health care spending. These patients require coordinated care to achieve optimal health outcomes. However, the poor exchange of health-related information between various clinicians renders the delivery of coordinated care challenging. Health information exchanges (HIEs) facilitate health-related information sharing and have been shown to be effective in chronic disease management; however, their effectiveness in the delivery of integrated care is less clear. It is prudent to consider new approaches to sharing both general medical and behavioral health information. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify and describe factors influencing the intention to use behavioral health information that is shared through HIEs. METHODS: We used a mixed methods design consisting of two sequential phases. A validated survey instrument was emailed to clinical and nonclinical staff in Alabama and Oklahoma. The survey captured information about the impact of predictors on the intention to use behavioral health data in clinical decision making. Follow-up interviews were conducted with a subsample of participants to elaborate on the survey results. Partial least squares structural equation modeling was used to analyze survey data. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes from the interviews. RESULTS: A total of 62 participants completed the survey. In total, 63% (n=39) of the participants were clinicians. Performance expectancy (ß=.382; P=.01) and trust (ß=.539; P<.001) predicted intention to use behavioral health information shared via HIEs. The interviewees (n=5) expressed that behavioral health information could be useful in clinical decision making. However, privacy and confidentiality concerns discourage sharing this information, which is generally missing from patient records altogether. The interviewees also stated that training for HIE use was not mandatory; the training that was provided did not focus specifically on the exchange of behavioral health information. CONCLUSIONS: Despite barriers, individuals are willing to use behavioral health information from HIEs if they believe that it will enhance job performance and if the information being transmitted is trustworthy. The findings contribute to our understanding of the role HIEs can play in delivering integrated care, particularly to vulnerable patients.

5.
Disabil Health J ; 14(3): 101067, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33722578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persons living with traumatic Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) face challenges when returning to their communities. The Spain Rehabilitation Center at the University of Alabama at Birmingham is developing a continuum of care for SCI patients. The perspectives of individuals with SCI are critical to designing a person-centered approach to the continuum. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore the lived experiences of individuals with SCI after their injury, as well as obtain the perspectives of therapists working with SCI patients. METHODS: Ten persons ranging in age from 23 to 65 years old and living with SCI were recruited to participate in in-depth interviews. We utilized a grounded theory approach to develop descriptive codes and themes. RESULTS: Our analysis highlighted domains that are critical to the lives of individuals with SCI including: planning for life after SCI, intrinsic motivation, environmental barriers, financial barriers, role of family, friends, and social networks, and relationships with medical providers. A key theme was the need for more information about how to manage their health condition, including the development of plans that are tailored to their specific needs. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with an SCI need access to a continuum of care that addresses both medical and social needs.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Adulto , Idoso , Teoria Fundamentada , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Centros de Reabilitação , Adulto Jovem
6.
Drug Alcohol Depend ; 219: 108460, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387937

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMP) help prevent prescription drug misuse and promote appropriate pain management. Despite these benefits and PDMP mandates in most states, PDMPs face challenges that hinder their success. This paper uses the Delone and McLean Information Success (IS) Model to review the current literature for barriers and facilitators to PDMP quality, use, intention to use and user satisfaction in the United States (U.S.). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Scopus, PubMed and Embase databases were searched due to their relevance to information technology, education and research. RESULTS: There were 142 and 183 barriers and facilitators, respectively, found in 44 peer reviewed articles. Barriers to PDMP quality, use and user satisfaction include lack of interstate data sharing, access difficulties, lack of time, inability to delegate access, lack of knowledge or awareness of the PMDP, and lack of EHR integration. Facilitators to PDMP quality, use and user satisfaction include interstate data connections, real-time data updates, EHR integration, and access delegation. DISCUSSION: Interstate data sharing, EHR integration and expanding access to delegates were common themes found. Some results were found to be contradictory such as mandating use. CONCLUSION: PDMP users can use these findings to assess current barriers to PDMP success in the U.S. and draw possible solutions from the list of facilitators. Practitioners should consider the context of their state and organization when determining which facilitators would most promote PDMP IS success. Combining facilitators may be the best route to PDMP IS success in certain situations.


Assuntos
Programas de Monitoramento de Prescrição de Medicamentos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Morfolinas , Manejo da Dor , Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos
7.
Int J Med Inform ; 145: 104298, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the greater need for information generated by bundled payment reimbursement and the use of Health Information Exchange (HIE). METHODS: The study is based on a secondary data analysis using theAmerican Hospital Association (AHA) Healthcare IT Database and the AHA Annual Survey. A logistic regression was used to test the likelihood of hospitals participating in HIE if they were involved in bundled payment reimbursement. Negative binomial, ordered logistic and Poisson regression models were used to determine the associations between bundled payment reimbursement and health information sharing in terms of breadth, volume, and diversity, respectively. RESULTS: Hospitals in bundled payment programs were more likely to send and receive information through HIE and tosend information to different types of health providers but not to receive. They were also more likely to exchange different types of health information and to use HIE more often. CONCLUSIONS: The greater need for collaboration of hospitals participating in bundled payment programs was associated with greater information sharing among organizations through HIE, but different providers involved in the episode of care play different roles in HIE.


Assuntos
Troca de Informação em Saúde , Atenção à Saúde , Hospitais , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Mecanismo de Reembolso , Estados Unidos
8.
J Am Med Inform Assoc ; 28(6): 1288-1297, 2021 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367819

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although nurses comprise the largest group of health professionals and electronic health record (EHR) user base, it is unclear how EHR use has affected nurse well-being. This systematic review assesses the multivariable (ie, organizational, nurse, and health information technology [IT]) factors associated with EHR-related nurse well-being and identifies potential improvements recommended by frontline nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ProQuest, and Web of Science for literature reporting on EHR use, nurses, and well-being. A quality appraisal was conducted using a previously developed tool. RESULTS: Of 4583 articles, 12 met inclusion criteria. Two-thirds of the studies were deemed to have a moderate or low risk of bias. Overall, the studies primarily focused on nurse- and IT-level factors, with 1 study examining organizational characteristics. That study found worse nurse well-being was associated with EHRs compared with paper charts. Studies on nurse-level factors suggest that personal digital literacy is one modifiable factor to improving well-being. Additionally, EHRs with integrated displays were associated with improved well-being. Recommendations for improving EHRs suggested IT-, organization-, and policy-level solutions to address the complex nature of EHR-related nurse well-being. CONCLUSIONS: The overarching finding from this synthesis reveals a critical need for multifaceted interventions that better organize, manage, and display information for clinicians to facilitate decision making. Our study also suggests that nurses have valuable insight into ways to reduce EHR-related burden. Future research is needed to test multicomponent interventions that address these complex factors and use participatory approaches to engage nurses in intervention development.

9.
Inf Syst Front ; : 1-11, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982572

RESUMO

To date, most HIE studies have investigated user perceptions of value prior to use. Few studies have assessed factors associated with the value of HIE through its actual use. This study investigates provider perceptions on HIE comparing those who had prior experience vs those who had no experience with it. In so doing, we identify six constructs: prior use, system complexity, system concerns, public/population health, care delivery, and provider performance. This study uses a mixed methods approach to data collection. From 15 interviews of medical community leaders, a survey was constructed and administered to 263 clinicians. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance was used, along with Tukey HSD tests for multiple comparisons. Results indicated providers whom previously used HIE had more positive perceptions about its benefits in terms of system complexity (p = .001), care delivery (p = .000), population health (p = .003), and provider performance (p = .005); women providers were more positive in terms of system concerns (p = .000); patient care (p = .031), and population health (p = .009); providers age 44-55 were more positive than older and younger groups in terms of patient care (p = .032), population health (p = .021), and provider performance (p = .014); while differences also existed across professional license groups (physician, nurse, other license, admin (no license)) for all five constructs (p < .05); and type of organization setting (hospital, ambulatory clinic, medical office, other) for three constructs including system concerns (p = .017), population health (p = .018), and provider performance (p = .018). There were no statistically significant differences found between groups based on a provider's role in an organization (patient care, administration, teaching/research, other). Different provider perspectives about the value derived from HIE use exist depending on prior experience with HIE, age, gender, license (physician, nurse, other license, admin (no license)), and type of organization setting (hospital, ambulatory clinic, medical office, other). This study draws from the theory of planned behavior to understand factors related to physicians' perceptions about HIE value, serving as a departure point for more detailed investigations of provider perceptions and behavior in regard to future HIE use and promoting interoperability.

10.
Appl Clin Inform ; 11(4): 556-563, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32851616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social determinants of health play an important role in the likelihood of readmission and therefore should be considered in care transition planning. Unfortunately, some social determinants that can be of value to care transition planners are missing in the electronic health record. Rather than trying to understand the value of data that are missing, decision makers often exclude these data. This exclusion can lead to failure to design appropriate care transition programs, leading to readmissions. OBJECTIVES: This article examines the value of missing social determinants data to emergency department (ED) revisits, and subsequent readmissions. METHODS: A deidentified data set of 123,697 people (18+ years), with at least one ED visit in 2017 at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Medical Center was used. The dependent variable was all-cause 30-day revisits (yes/no), while the independent variables were missing/nonmissing status of the social determinants of health measures. Logistic regression was used to test the relationship between likelihood of revisits and social determinants of health variables. Moreover, relative weight analysis was used to identify relative importance of the independent variables. RESULTS: Twelve social determinants were found to be most often missing. Of those 12, only "lives with" (alone or with family/friends) had higher odds of ED revisits. However, relative logistic weight analysis suggested that "pain score" and "activities of daily living" (ADL) accounted for almost 50% of the relevance for ED revisits when compared among all 12 variables. CONCLUSION: In the process of care transition planning, data that are documented are factored into the care transition plan. One of the most common challenges in health services practice is to understand the value of missing data in effective program planning. This study suggests that the data that are not documented (i.e., missing) could play an important role in care transition planning as a mechanism to reduce ED revisits and eventual readmission rates.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Transferência de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(6): e18579, 2020 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health services researchers spend a substantial amount of time performing integration, cleansing, interpretation, and aggregation of raw data from multiple public or private data sources. Often, each researcher (or someone in their team) duplicates this effort for their own project, facing the same challenges and experiencing the same pitfalls discovered by those before them. OBJECTIVE: This paper described a design process for creating a data warehouse that includes the most frequently used databases in health services research. METHODS: The design is based on a conceptual iterative process model framework that utilizes the sociotechnical systems theory approach and includes the capacity for subsequent updates of the existing data sources and the addition of new ones. We introduce the theory and the framework and then explain how they are used to inform the methodology of this study. RESULTS: The application of the iterative process model to the design research process of problem identification and solution design for the Healthcare Research and Analytics Data Infrastructure Solution (HRADIS) is described. Each phase of the iterative model produced end products to inform the implementation of HRADIS. The analysis phase produced the problem statement and requirements documents. The projection phase produced a list of tasks and goals for the ideal system. Finally, the synthesis phase provided the process for a plan to implement HRADIS. HRADIS structures and integrates data dictionaries provided by the data sources, allowing the creation of dimensions and measures for a multidimensional business intelligence system. We discuss how HRADIS is complemented with a set of data mining, analytics, and visualization tools to enable researchers to more efficiently apply multiple methods to a given research project. HRADIS also includes a built-in security and account management framework for data governance purposes to ensure customized authorization depending on user roles and parts of the data the roles are authorized to access. CONCLUSIONS: To address existing inefficiencies during the obtaining, extracting, preprocessing, cleansing, and filtering stages of data processing in health services research, we envision HRADIS as a full-service data warehouse integrating frequently used data sources, processes, and methods along with a variety of data analytics and visualization tools. This paper presents the application of the iterative process model to build such a solution. It also includes a discussion on several prominent issues, lessons learned, reflections and recommendations, and future considerations, as this model was applied.


Assuntos
Ciência de Dados/métodos , Data Warehousing/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais/normas , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Humanos
12.
J Biomed Inform ; 102: 103375, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931168

RESUMO

The introduction of bundled payment reimbursement focuses on rewarding efficient and high-quality care. In order for bundled payment programs to be successful, collaboration across care settings is essential. Consequently, the introduction of this reimbursement program is expected to be associated with an increase of Health Information Exchange (HIE) among health providers. This paper aims at understanding how the use of HIE can be shaped by organization-specific factors such as trust, power, organizational culture, and leadership, especially when participating in bundled payment initiatives. The study was based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with hospital administrators. Very diverse opinions arose from the interviewees, which leads to the main conclusion that policymakers should take into account differences between diverse hospital settings when adopting policies regarding technological innovations.


Assuntos
Troca de Informação em Saúde , Hospitais , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
13.
Health Syst (Basingstoke) ; 8(3): 153-154, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839927

RESUMO

This special themed international issue explores the multiple facets of health informatics, healthcare quality and safety, and healthcare simulation from different parts of the world. The papers in this issue fall into two broad themes. The first theme uses the intersection to address better management of care including physical design layout. The second theme examines innovative uses of the triad to prevent critical and non-critical safety events. The collection of papers culminates with a position paper reporting on the interdependence that is emerging as an important triad for research and practice within medical education, system development and testing, and teamwork and communication and concludes with reducing imprecision and factual errors in handoffs. Findings from the special collection of papers can inform managers and leaders on advancing operations in healthcare settings.

14.
Health Syst (Basingstoke) ; 8(3): 155-161, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839928

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to understand the user experience with a computerized septic shock protocol relative to the workflow of Paediatric Intensive Care Unit clinicians. The need for data-driven, condition-specific, computerized protocols in the intensive care unit helps improve decision-making at the bedside. PICU clinicians were interviewed and given pre-and post-implementation surveys asking their opinions on the current PICU septic shock protocol, as well as the current electronic health record being used at [Paediatric Academic Medical Center]. User preferences guided adjustments toward improved usability of the septic shock protocol. Computerized Physician Order Entry, a critical component of the septic shock protocol, allows for more streamlined processes, more complete records, and more time to care for patients. This study revealed that although clinicians had an unfavorable view of the EHR in general, the computerized septic shock protocol was very well-received with an overall usability score of 82.

15.
Health Syst (Basingstoke) ; 8(3): 215-227, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839933

RESUMO

The areas of health informatics, healthcare quality and safety, and healthcare simulation are often thought of as separate domains. The purpose of this position paper is to report on the interdependence that is emerging as an important triad across the healthcare/health system continuum. A qualitative review of 24 studies suggests the interdependence of health informatics, healthcare quality and safety, and healthcare simulation reaches much broader than traditional utilisation of simulation. We suggest ways that organisations can take advantage of the interdependence of this triad across a broader variety of healthcare environments, including teamwork, communication, and complex system relationships. In conclusion, the reviewed 24 studies suggest that the research in the triad focuses on simulation education and computerised simulation, and when coupled with health informatics, bears greater strength on quality improvement or patient safety.

16.
Leadersh Health Serv (Bradf Engl) ; 32(2): 251-263, 2019 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945598

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to understand the degree to which a quality and safety culture exists after healthcare workers in an academic medical center complete a quality improvement and patient safety education program focused on developing leaders to change the future of healthcare quality and safety. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The safety attitudes questionnaire (SAQ) short-form was used for measuring the culture of quality and safety among healthcare workers who were graduates of an academic medical center's healthcare quality and safety program. A 53 percent response rate from program alumni resulted in 54 usable responses. FINDINGS: This study found that 42 (78 percent) of the respondents report that they are currently working in a healthcare quality and safety culture, with 25 (59 percent) reporting promotion into a leadership role after completion of the quality improvement education program. This compares favorably to AHRQ culture of safety survey results obtained by the same academic medical center within the year prior revealing only 63 percent of all inpatient employees surveyed reported working in a quality and safety culture. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS: The study design precluded knowing to what degree a quality and safety culture, as measured by the SAQ, existed prior to attending the healthcare quality and safety program. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This study has practical value for other organizations considering a quality and safety education program. For organizations seeking to build capacity in quality and safety, training future leaders through a robust curriculum is essential. This may be achieved through development of an internal training program or through attending an outside organization for education.


Assuntos
Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Liderança , Cultura Organizacional , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Gestão da Segurança , Alabama , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30837948

RESUMO

Introduction: Employers are instituting employee wellness programs that include educational, lifestyle coaching, and weight and other condition management components to address obesity-related issues in the workplace. However, the findings of such wellness initiatives have been mixed. The purpose of this exploratory study is to determine whether the readiness for change measures are important predictors of weight loss in an employee wellness program. Methods: Retrospective data analysis of an employee wellness program conducted in the United States was conducted using data collected between 2014 and 2015 for people with BMI ≥ 30. These participants were assigned to one of two subprograms: weight management or condition management. We assessed the weight change within each program. Further, the relationship between weight change and readiness for change variables for weight, diet, and physical activity were examined by applying multiple linear regression and logistic regression models. The multivariable model included subprogram; gender; age; systolic and diastolic blood pressure; risk factor count; readiness for change for weight, activity, and diet; and stress level as covariates. Results: There were 209 participants in the weight management program and 243 participants in the condition management program who met the criteria for obesity, resulting in a final sample of 452 participants. On average, the weight change for these participants was -0.28 pounds (SD = 15.55) and there was no statistical difference between the weight change in the two programs. When compared to the reference group (maintenance), participants at the action stage of physical activity, on average, lost weight (b = -4.59, p = 0.02). Likewise, participants at the pre-contemplation stage of physical activity lost weight when compared to the maintenance group (b = -26.24, p = 0.000). Participants at the pre-contemplation stage of physical activity had higher odds of achieving at least 5% weight loss than participants at the maintenance stage (OR = 5.80, p = 0.053). Conclusion: Readiness for change for activity may be a predictor of weight change, and may predict the likelihood of achieving clinically significant weight loss. These findings can assist in targeting subjects for participation in such programs. The findings regarding the relationship between readiness for change and weight loss are counterintuitive, and further research is warranted in this area.

18.
JMIR Med Inform ; 7(1): e11320, 2019 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30609984

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/10264.].

19.
JAMIA Open ; 2(1): 99-106, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984349

RESUMO

Objectives: The objective of this article is to examine consumer perceptions of health information technology (health IT) utilization and benefits through an integrated conceptual framework. Materials and Methods: This article employs an integrated conceptual framework to examine consumer perceptions of health IT. A consumer survey yielded 1125 completed responses. A factor-based scale was developed for each sub-construct. Bivariate analysis using χ2 tests was performed to determine differences in the percentage of respondents who agreed with each sub-construct based on whether their physician used an electronic health record (EHR) system. Multivariable logistic regression that controlled for demographic characteristics of respondents was performed to determine adjusted odds of agreeing with selected opinions of health information exchange (HIE). Results: Results indicate that respondents whose physicians used an EHR system were significantly more likely to agree that there was a perceived benefit with HIE and to care provided; that the patient should have control over the record; that they trust the physician and security of the medical information; that they understand the need for HIE, and that HIE must be easy to use. Discussion: The results suggest that consumers who have experienced the use of one technology in the healthcare setting can recognize the potential benefit of another technology. Race/ethnicity, gender, and education played some role in respondents' views of EHRs and HIE, more specifically, non-Hispanic African American participants indicated lower levels of trust in HIE when compared with non-Hispanic Whites. Conclusion: This cross-sectional survey indicated that physician use of EHRs significantly increases the odds of consumers' seeing perceived benefits of HIE and understanding the need for HIE.

20.
JMIR Med Inform ; 6(2): e10264, 2018 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29866642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The area of healthcare quality and patient safety is starting to use health information technology to prevent reportable events, identify them before they become issues, and act on events that are thought to be unavoidable. As healthcare organizations begin to explore the use of health information technology in this realm, it is often unclear where fiscal and human efforts should be focused. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide a foundation for understanding where to focus health information technology fiscal and human resources as well as expectations for the use of health information technology in healthcare quality and patient safety. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting on the actual use of health information technology in healthcare quality and patient safety. Inductive thematic analysis with open coding was used to categorize a total of 41 studies. Three pre-set categories were used: prevention, identification, and action. Three additional categories were formed through coding: challenges, outcomes, and location. RESULTS: This study identifies five main categories across seven study settings. A majority of the studies used health IT for identification and prevention of healthcare quality and patient safety issues. In this realm, alerts, clinical decision support, and customized health IT solutions were most often implemented. Implementation, interface design, and culture were most often noted as challenges. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides valuable information as organizations determine where they stand to get the most "bang for their buck" relative to health IT for quality and patient safety. Knowing what implementations are being effectivity used by other organizations helps with fiscal and human resource planning as well as managing expectations relative to cost, scope, and outcomes. The findings from this scan of the literature suggest that having organizational champion leaders that can shepherd implementation, impact culture, and bridge knowledge with developers would be a valuable resource allocation to consider.

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