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1.
Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 28(3): e432-e439, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38974625

RESUMO

Introduction Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a benign vascularized tumor that affects almost exclusively male adolescents. Surgery is the treatment of choice for JNA. Objectives The present study is a 42-year retrospective review of a series of JNA cases treated surgically without previous embolization. Methods The present is a retrospective, descriptive study based on medical records of 96 patients with JNA who underwent microscopic or endoscopic excision without previous embolization from 1978 to 2020 in a single institution. The patients were categorized according to the Andrews et al. stage, and data were collected on age, gender, tumor staging, surgical approach, affected side, and outcome. Results All patients were male, with an average age of 17 years. The predominant tumor stage consisted of type II, with 52.1%. A total of 33.3% of the patients were submitted to the microscopic technique and 66.7%, to the endonasal technique. The rate of intraoperative blood transfusion was of 17.7%. Conclusion The present study reinforces that resection of JNA in various stages is viable without previous artery embolization.

2.
Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 28(1): e70-e75, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322450

RESUMO

Introduction The advent of the endoscope has enabled the use of the endonasal approach for a variety of diseases. Studying the ethmoidal canals is important for surgeries of the paranasal sinuses and the anterior base of the skull. Objective To investigate the ethmoidal canals and evaluate their structure, the presence of vessels and nerves, their location, and to perform an anatomopathological study of their contents. Methods We evaluated 20 cadavers (20 left and 20 right nasal cavities) through endoscopic dissection of the anterior base of the skull and exposure of the medial periorbita and dura mater; then, the ethmoidal canals were located and measured in relation to the anterior wall of the sphenoid sinus and between the ethmoidal canals, followed by removal of their content for histological analysis. Results Vessels were present in 75% of the left anterior ethmoidal canals, 70% of the left posterior ethmoidal canals, 75% of the left middle ethmoidal canals, 85% of the right anterior ethmoid canals, and 64.5% of the right posterior ethmoid canals; 50% of the right middle ethmoidal canals contained one vessel. Conclusion The ethmoidal canal does not necessarily contain an ethmoidal artery. Studies with a larger sample should be performed to quantify the correct proportion of arteries and ethmoidal canals.

3.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 28(1): 70-75, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557997

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction The advent of the endoscope has enabled the use of the endonasal approach for a variety of diseases. Studying the ethmoidal canals is important for surgeries of the paranasal sinuses and the anterior base of the skull. Objective To investigate the ethmoidal canals and evaluate their structure, the presence of vessels and nerves, their location, and to perform an anatomopathological study of their contents. Methods We evaluated 20 cadavers (20 left and 20 right nasal cavities) through endoscopic dissection of the anterior base of the skull and exposure of the medial periorbita and dura mater; then, the ethmoidal canals were located and measured in relation to the anterior wall of the sphenoid sinus and between the ethmoidal canals, followed by removal of their content for histological analysis. Results Vessels were present in 75% of the left anterior ethmoidal canals, 70% of the left posterior ethmoidal canals, 75% of the left middle ethmoidal canals, 85% of the right anterior ethmoid canals, and 64.5% of the right posterior ethmoid canals; 50% of the right middle ethmoidal canals contained one vessel. Conclusion The ethmoidal canal does not necessarily contain an ethmoidal artery. Studies with a larger sample should be performed to quantify the correct proportion of arteries and ethmoidal canals.

4.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 44(4): 103912, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37167857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study is to analyze the possible differences between clinical, demographic or genetic characteristics, in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with different phenotype. The secondary objective is to describe the possible benefit of surgery with Centripetal Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (CESS). METHODS: The study includes 56 who performed CT scan of the paranasal sinuses. They were divided in 3 group according to phenotype: CRS without Nasal Polyps (NP); CRS with NP; CRS complicated with Mucocele. The clinical symptoms, age, gender, genotype, microbial colonization and pulmonary disease stage were collected and analyzed to assess possible statistically significant differences. Regarding the 7 patients who performed CESS surgery, the number of hospitalizations, intravenous (iv) antibiotic courses, respiratory exacerbations, the FEV1, the Lund-Mackay Score (LMS) and the SNOT 22 were evaluated before and 1 year after surgery. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences regarding clinical symptoms between the 3 groups were identified (p > 0.05). Furthermore, there were no differences in age, gender, genotype, microbial colonization and pulmonary disease stage (p > 0.05). Regarding the patients who performed CESS, no significative difference in FEV1 progression was found. A reduction in hospitalization, pulmonary exacerbation and in the number of iv antibiotic courses resulted statistically significant different (p = 0.004; <0.001 and <0.001 respectively). A significant improvement in SNOT-22 and LMS (p < 0.001) was obtained. CONCLUSION: Radiological monitoring of the rhinosinus disease is necessary regardless of the clinical expression of the disease. The presence of CRS with NP complicated by mucocele is frequent and independent of the patient's age and clinical manifestations. An extensive surgical approach could represent the gold standard for patients with CF in consideration of the potential important advantages to perform a total toilet of all the sinuses and nasal cavities and at the same time eliminating a potential microbiological reservoir.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Mucocele , Pólipos Nasais , Seios Paranasais , Rinite , Sinusite , Humanos , Fibrose Cística/complicações , Fibrose Cística/cirurgia , Rinite/complicações , Rinite/cirurgia , Rinite/diagnóstico , Seios Paranasais/diagnóstico por imagem , Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Sinusite/complicações , Sinusite/cirurgia , Sinusite/diagnóstico , Endoscopia/métodos , Pólipos Nasais/complicações , Pólipos Nasais/cirurgia , Doença Crônica , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
7.
Heliyon ; 6(5): e03977, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490230

RESUMO

Maxillary sinusitis can represent a rare complication of dental implants of endodontic materials impinging in the maxillary sinuses. The effects of anatomical variants of paranasal sinuses on pathophysiological and clinical manifestations of dental sinusitis are poorly understood. Herein, we present a case of dislocation of a dental implant in the ethmoidal sinus in a 63-years old man with bilateral accessory maxillary orifice. This anatomical variation, by providing an additional way for the drainage of mucus in the maxillary sinus, could have allowed the dislocation of the implant in the ethmoidal sinus without causing mucus stagnation and consequent sinusitis, leading to a unusual clinical presentation. .

8.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 38-46, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090545

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction The clinical relevance of the anatomy and variations of the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is outstanding, considering its role as a landmark in endoscopic surgery, its importance in the therapy of epistaxis, and the high risks related to iatrogenic injuries. Objective To provide an anatomical description of the course and relationships of the AEA, based on direct computed-tomography (CT)-based 3D volume rendering. Methods Direct volume rendering was performed on 18 subjects who underwent (CT) with contrast medium for suspected cerebral aneurism. Results The topographical location of 36 AEAs was assessed as shown: 10 dehiscent (27.8%), 20 intracanal (55.5%), 6 incomplete canals (16.7%). Distances from important topographic landmarks are reported. Conclusion This work demonstrates that direct 3D volume rendering is a valid imaging technique for a detailed description of the anterior ethmoidal artery thus representing a useful tool for head pre-operatory assessments.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artérias/anatomia & histologia , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Etmoidal/irrigação sanguínea , Seio Etmoidal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Base do Crânio/anatomia & histologia , Base do Crânio/irrigação sanguínea , Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste , Imageamento Tridimensional
9.
Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 24(1): e38-e46, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929832

RESUMO

Introduction The clinical relevance of the anatomy and variations of the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is outstanding, considering its role as a landmark in endoscopic surgery, its importance in the therapy of epistaxis, and the high risks related to iatrogenic injuries. Objective To provide an anatomical description of the course and relationships of the AEA, based on direct computed-tomography (CT)-based 3D volume rendering. Methods Direct volume rendering was performed on 18 subjects who underwent (CT) with contrast medium for suspected cerebral aneurism. Results The topographical location of 36 AEAs was assessed as shown: 10 dehiscent (27.8%), 20 intracanal (55.5%), 6 incomplete canals (16.7%). Distances from important topographic landmarks are reported. Conclusion This work demonstrates that direct 3D volume rendering is a valid imaging technique for a detailed description of the anterior ethmoidal artery thus representing a useful tool for head pre-operatory assessments.

11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(6): 677-686, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-974387

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Functional endonasal endoscopic surgery is a frequent surgical procedure among otorhinolaryngologists. In 2014, the European Society of Rhinology published the "European Position Paper on the Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses", aiming to unify the terms in the English language. We do not yet have a unified terminology in the Portuguese language. Objective: Transcultural adaptation of the anatomical terms of the nose and paranasal cavities of the "European Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses" to Portuguese. Methods: A group of rhinologists from diverse parts of Brazil, all experienced in endoscopic endonasal surgery, was invited to participate in the creation of this position paper on the anatomical terms of the nose and paranasal sinuses in the Portuguese language according to the methodology adapted from that previously described by Rudmik and Smith. Results: The results of this document were generated based on the agreement of the majority of the participants according to the most popular suggestions among the rhinologists. A cross-cultural adaptation of the sinonasal anatomical terminology was consolidated. We suggest the terms "inferior turbinate", "nasal septum", "(bone/cartilaginous) part of the nasal septum", "(middle/inferior) nasal meatus", "frontal sinus drainage pathway", "frontal recess" and "uncinate process" be standardized. Conclusion: We have consolidated a Portuguese version of the European Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses, which will help in the publication of technical announcements, scientific publications and the teaching of the internal anatomical terms of the nose and paranasal sinuses in Brazil.


Resumo: Introdução: A cirurgia endoscópica funcional endonasal é um procedimento cirúrgico frequente entre os otorrinolaringologistas. Em 2014, a Sociedade Europeia de Rinologia publicou o "Documento Europeu para Posicionamento sobre a Terminologia Anatômica Interna do Nariz e das Cavidades Paranasais" com o objetivo de unificar os termos na língua inglesa. Ainda não dispomos de uma terminologia unificada na língua portuguesa. Objetivo: Adaptação transcultural dos termos anatômicos do nariz e das cavidades paranasais para o português da "European Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses". Método: Um grupo de rinologistas de todo o Brasil, com experiência em cirurgia endoscópica endonasal, foi convidado a participar da elaboração desse posicionamento sobre os termos anatômicos do nariz e das cavidades paranasais para o português conforme metodologia adaptada da previamente descrita por Rudmik e Smith. Resultados: Os resultados desse documento foram gerados a partir da concordância da maioria dos participantes conforme as sugestões mais populares entre os rinologistas. Uma adaptação transcultural da terminologia anatômica nasossinusal foi consolidada. Sugerimos que se busque uniformizar termos como "concha inferior", "septo nasal", "porção (óssea/cartilaginosa) do septo nasal", "meato (médio/ inferior) nasal", "via da drenagem do seio frontal", "recesso frontal" e "processo uncinado". Conclusão: Consolidamos uma versão adaptada em português da "European Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses" que auxiliará a publicação de comunicados técnicos, publicações científicas e o ensino dos termos anatômicos internos do nariz e das cavidades paranasais no Brasil.


Assuntos
Humanos , Seios Paranasais/anatomia & histologia , Nariz/anatomia & histologia , Comparação Transcultural , Terminologia como Assunto , Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Brasil , Nariz/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Consenso , Idioma , Cavidade Nasal/anatomia & histologia , Cavidade Nasal/cirurgia
12.
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol ; 84(6): 677-686, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30316778

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Functional endonasal endoscopic surgery is a frequent surgical procedure among otorhinolaryngologists. In 2014, the European Society of Rhinology published the "European Position Paper on the Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses", aiming to unify the terms in the English language. We do not yet have a unified terminology in the Portuguese language. OBJECTIVE: Transcultural adaptation of the anatomical terms of the nose and paranasal cavities of the "European Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses" to Portuguese. METHODS: A group of rhinologists from diverse parts of Brazil, all experienced in endoscopic endonasal surgery, was invited to participate in the creation of this position paper on the anatomical terms of the nose and paranasal sinuses in the Portuguese language according to the methodology adapted from that previously described by Rudmik and Smith. RESULTS: The results of this document were generated based on the agreement of the majority of the participants according to the most popular suggestions among the rhinologists. A cross-cultural adaptation of the sinonasal anatomical terminology was consolidated. We suggest the terms "inferior turbinate", "nasal septum", "(bone/cartilaginous) part of the nasal septum", "(middle/inferior) nasal meatus", "frontal sinus drainage pathway", "frontal recess" and "uncinate process" be standardized. CONCLUSION: We have consolidated a Portuguese version of the European Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses, which will help in the publication of technical announcements, scientific publications and the teaching of the internal anatomical terms of the nose and paranasal sinuses in Brazil.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Nariz/anatomia & histologia , Seios Paranasais/anatomia & histologia , Terminologia como Assunto , Brasil , Consenso , Humanos , Idioma , Cavidade Nasal/anatomia & histologia , Cavidade Nasal/cirurgia , Nariz/cirurgia , Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol ; 122(4): 254-62, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23697323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide the anatomic rationale for a transnasal approach to the orbital apex and cavernous sinus, and to evaluate its applicability and efficiency. METHODS: One hundred patients with lesions of the orbital apex, cavernous sinus, optic nerve, clivus, parapharyngeal space, infratemporal fossa, or pterygopalatine fossa were reviewed over a 10-year period. All patients underwent an endoscopic transnasal approach to the orbital apex and cavernous sinus. The surgical technique required a standard endoscopic sinus surgery set. The possible complications were recorded and classified as intraoperative or postoperative. RESULTS: There were complications in 8 cases: 4 intraoperative and 4 postoperative. The intraoperative complications included rupture of the internal carotid artery in 1 patient and cerebrospinal fluid leak in 3 patients. All intraoperative complications were resolved during surgery. The postoperative complications were transitory eyelid ptosis in 2 patients (resolved in 6 months) and transitory diplopia with immediate deficit of the medial rectus muscle in 2 patients (completely resolved in 1 month). CONCLUSIONS: With the use of this technique, the surgeon can precisely identify the position of the surgical instrument without losing his or her way, thereby significantly reducing the rate of complications.


Assuntos
Seio Cavernoso/cirurgia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Órbita/cirurgia , Blefaroptose/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Rinorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Fossa Craniana Posterior/cirurgia , Diplopia/etiologia , Humanos , Hipestesia/cirurgia , Infecções/cirurgia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/efeitos adversos , Nervo Óptico/cirurgia , Fossa Pterigopalatina/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Crânio/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cranianas/cirurgia , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Transtornos da Visão/cirurgia
16.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol ; 120(9): 581-5, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22032071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: My aim in this article is to report 26 years of experience in order to evaluate the applicability and efficiency of centripetal dissection in intranasal ethmoid sinus surgery. METHODS: I performed a retrospective review of 2,500 patients treated in the Felippu Institute, São Paulo, over the 26-year period from 1984 to July 2010. All of the patients underwent intranasal ethmoid sinus surgery with the centripetal technique. Before surgery, an otolaryngological examination, nasal endoscopy, and computed tomographic scans with axial, coronal, and sagittal projections were performed. All surgeries were carried out under general anesthesia and with the help of a surgical microscope or (after 1997) a rigid 30 degrees endoscope. The surgical technique required a standard endoscopic sinus surgery set. The complications of intranasal ethmoid sinus surgery were recorded and classified as intraoperative, short-term, or long-term. RESULTS: I observed an intraoperative complication (cerebrospinal fluid leak) in 4 patients. There were no cases of periorbital damage. I recorded no short-term or long-term complications. All of the intraoperative complications were resolved during surgery. CONCLUSIONS: With the use of this technique, the surgeon can precisely identify the position of the surgical instrument without losing his or her orientation, and thereby significantly reduce the risk of complications.


Assuntos
Seio Etmoidal/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 131(10): 1074-8, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21895417

RESUMO

CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, the technique described can be applied independently according to the specific patient's anatomy and disease, allowing simple, easy, and safe identification of the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide the anatomic rationale for endoscopic cauterization of the AEA and to present our surgical approach to AEA in the treatment of severe nasal bleeding. METHODS: A retrospective study reviewed 300 endoscopic transnasal AEA cauterizations, over a 20-year period from 1991 to July 2010, at the Instituto Felippu, Sao Paolo, Brazil. All surgeries were carried out under general anesthesia and with the help of a rigid 30° endoscope. RESULTS: The AEA was identified in all the patients treated. In 299 patients we found the AEA located at the level of the horizontal portion of the frontal bone into the anterior ethmoidal canal; in 88 (29.4%) of these patients the canal bone was partially open and in 211 (70.6%) it was completely closed. In only one patient, we found a dehiscent AEA. No patients presented short-term failure and/or long-term failure.


Assuntos
Eletrocoagulação , Epistaxe/cirurgia , Hemostase Endoscópica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artérias/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Ligadura , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nariz/irrigação sanguínea , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Rhinology ; 47(4): 362-8, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19936359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic transnasal approaches to the skull base have revolutionized the treatment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulae, making repair less invasive and more effective compared with craniotomy or extracranial techniques. AIM: This study evaluated, retrospectively, the results of endoscopic repair of dural defects with the use of mucoperiostal grafts taken from the lower turbinate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1997 and January 2007, 125 cases of anterior skull base CSF fistulae were treated endoscopically at the Instituto Felippu de Otorrinolaringologia, Sao Paolo, Brazil, and at the Department of Otolaryngology of the University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti", Foggia, Italy. Fistula closure was achieved by overlay apposition of a lower turbinate mucoperiostal graft fixated with fibrin glue and Surgicell. RESULTS: The etiology of the fistula was accidental trauma in 41 cases, iatrogenic trauma in 29, skull base tumour in 12, and spontaneous in 43. The site of the defect was the sphenoid sinus in 43 patients, the cribriform plate in 42, the anterior ethmoid roof in 21, the posterior ethmoid roof in 17, and the posterior wall of the frontal sinus in 2. The success rate at first attempt was 94.4%; the 7 cases of postoperative recurrent CSF leakage involved patients presenting with spontaneous fistula and elevated intracranial pressure; 5 of these had a body-mass index > 30 and 3 suffered from diabetes mellitus. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: In our hands, the success rate of endoscopic fistula repair was high, even in defects larger than 2 cm. Success rates may be further improved with accurate diagnosis of elevated intracranial pressure, a contributing factor to failure of spontaneous fistula repair.


Assuntos
Rinorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/métodos , Conchas Nasais/transplante , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Rinorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/diagnóstico , Rinorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Endoscopia , Feminino , Fístula/cirurgia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Nasal/transplante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Transplante Autólogo
19.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 128(9): 1004-10, 2008 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19086308

RESUMO

CONCLUSION: Endoscopic transethmoidal sphenoidotomy performed mainly in the early stages of the pathology and by expert hands is [WX1]very effective in treating isolated sphenoid sinus disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the causes of isolated sphenoid sinus disease identified in 109 patients and report on the most appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic patterns for an earlier diagnosis and a successful treatment of the disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 109 subjects with various isolated sphenoid pathologies were first examined by general objective examination, nasal sinus endoscopy, CT scan of paranasal sinuses, and in some cases with MRI. Then, they underwent medical and/or surgical treatment. RESULTS: Nineteen patients (17.43%) had isolated sphenoiditis, 6 (5.5%) fungal sinusitis, 30 (27.52%) mucocele, 6 (5.5%) fibrous dysplasia, 6 (5.5%) meningoencephalocele, 5 (4.58%) inverted papilloma, 4 (3.66%) epidermoid carcinoma, 10 (9.17%) liquor fistula, 1 (0.9%) rhabdomyosarcoma, 1 (0.9%) chordoma, and 1 (0.9%) had carotid pseudoaneurysm. Evidence of definitive diagnosis by endoscopy was obtained in less than half of the cases. CT scan, however, sometimes in combination with MRI, determined the pathology in all the cases. A follow-up of at least 4 years post-surgery showed good results in all the patients who underwent endoscopic transethmoidal sphenoidotomy.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Seios Paranasais/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Seio Esfenoidal , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Encefalocele/diagnóstico , Encefalocele/terapia , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Meningocele/diagnóstico , Meningocele/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucocele/diagnóstico , Mucocele/terapia , Doenças dos Seios Paranasais/patologia , Pólipos/diagnóstico , Pólipos/terapia , Fístula do Sistema Respiratório/diagnóstico , Fístula do Sistema Respiratório/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Voice ; 22(6): 760-4, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17976954

RESUMO

After the surgical treatment for early glottic carcinoma, the patients end up with voice disturbances in different grades. The aim of this study was to characterize the laryngeal configuration regarding the anterior commissure synechia and its relationship to the perceptual vocal quality. Twenty-five patients underwent frontolateral vertical partial laryngectomy and reconstruction with bipedicle sternohyoid muscle flap resulting from T1b/T2 glottic squamous cell carcinoma from January 1996 to December 2004. Of the 25 patients, 24 were male with a median age of 61 years. The patients were free of disease and the evaluation was performed after a minimum postoperative period of 12 months. Measurements of the anterior commissure synechia and the free border of both vocal folds were simultaneously performed with the perceptual analysis of the voice through GRBAS scale. We calculated the mathematical proportion between the midsagittal dimension of the synechia of the anterior commissure and the measurement of the free border of the intermembranous region of each vocal fold. The higher the relative measurement of the anterior commissure synechia, the worse the overall grade of hoarseness (G) for both vocal folds (P<0.001), the worse the roughness (R) for both vocal folds (P<0.001), and the worse the strained quality (S) for both the reconstructed (P=0.0086) and the preserved (P=0.0026) vocal folds. These results suggest that the relative measurement of the anterior commissure synechia is a crucial factor worsening voice quality and that the perceptual analyses score has a strong correlation to the synechia's impact.


Assuntos
Glote/patologia , Laringectomia/efeitos adversos , Qualidade da Voz , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos
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