Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 285
Filtrar
1.
Am Heart J ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock the use of mechanical circulatory support devices remains controversial and data from randomized clinical trials are very limited. Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) - venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation - provides the strongest hemodynamic support in addition to oxygenation. However, despite increasing use it has not yet been properly investigated in randomized trials. Therefore, a prospective randomized adequately powered clinical trial is warranted. STUDY DESIGN: The ECLS-SHOCK trial is a 420-patient controlled, international, multicenter, randomized, open-label trial. It is designed to compare whether treatment with ECLS in addition to early revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention or alternatively coronary artery bypass grafting and optimal medical treatment is beneficial in comparison to no-ECLS in patients with severe infarct-related cardiogenic shock. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to one of the two treatment arms. The primary efficacy endpoint of ECLS-SHOCK is 30-day mortality. Secondary outcome measures such as hemodynamic, laboratory, and clinical parameters will serve as surrogate endpoints for prognosis. Furthermore, a longer follow-up at 6 and 12 months will be performed including quality of life assessment. Safety endpoints include peripheral ischemic vascular complications, bleeding and stroke. CONCLUSIONS: The ECLS-SHOCK trial will address essential questions of efficacy and safety of ECLS in addition to early revascularization in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417664

RESUMO

AIMS : Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is recommended in the diagnosis of cardiomyopathies, but it is time-consuming, expensive, and limited in availability in some European regions. The aim of this study was to determine the use of CMR in cardiomyopathy patients enrolled into the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) cardiomyopathy registry [part of the EURObservational Research Programme (EORP)]. METHODS AND RESULTS : Three thousand, two hundred, and eight consecutive adult patients (34.6% female; median age: 53.0 ± 15 years) with cardiomyopathy were studied: 1260 with dilated (DCM), 1739 with hypertrophic (HCM), 66 with restrictive (RCM), and 143 with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). CMR scans were performed at baseline in only 29.4% of patients. CMR utilization was variable according to cardiomyopathy subtypes: from 51.1% in ARVC to 36.4% in RCM, 33.8% in HCM, and 20.6% in DCM (P < 0.001). CMR use in tertiary referral centres located in different European countries varied from 1% to 63.2%. Patients undergoing CMR were younger, less symptomatic, less frequently had implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)/pacemaker implanted, had fewer cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidities (P < 0.001). In 28.6% of patients, CMR was used along with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE); 67.6% patients underwent TTE alone, and 0.9% only CMR. CONCLUSION : Less than one-third of patients enrolled in the registry underwent CMR and the use varied greatly between cardiomyopathy subtypes, clinical profiles of patients, and European tertiary referral centres. This gap with current guidelines needs to be considered carefully by scientific societies to promote wider availability and use of CMR in patients with cardiomyopathies.

3.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33437985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fat mass and fat-free mass may play independent roles in mortality risk but available studies on body composition have yielded inconsistent results. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the relations of body fat mass and fat-free mass to risk of mortality. METHODS: In pooled data from 7 prospective cohorts encompassing 16,155 individuals aged 20 to 93 y (median, 44 y), we used Cox regression and restricted cubic splines to estimate HRs and 95% CIs for the relation of body composition, measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, to total mortality. We adjusted for age, study, sex, ethnicity, history of diabetes mellitus, education, smoking, physical activity, and alcohol consumption. RESULTS: During a median follow-up period of 14 y (range, 3-21 y), 1347 deaths were identified. After mutual adjustment for fat mass and fat-free mass, fat mass showed a J-shaped association with mortality (overall P value < 0.001; P for nonlinearity = 0.003). Using a fat mass index of 7.3 kg/m2 as the reference, a high fat mass index of 13.0 kg/m2 was associated with an HR of 1.56 (95% CI: 1.30, 1.87). In contrast, fat-free mass showed an inverse association with mortality (overall P value < 0.001; P for nonlinearity = 0.001). Compared with a low fat-free mass index of 16.1 kg/m2, a high fat-free mass of 21.9 kg/m2 was associated with an HR of 0.70 (95% CI: 0.56, 0.87). CONCLUSIONS: Fat mass and fat-free mass show opposing associations with mortality. Excess fat mass is related to increased mortality risk, whereas fat-free mass protects against risk of mortality. These findings suggest that body composition provides important prognostic information on an individual's mortality risk not provided by traditional proxies of adiposity such as BMI.

4.
J Proteomics ; 231: 104018, 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075551

RESUMO

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by ventricular chamber enlargement and impaired myocardial function. Endomyocardial biopsies (EMB) enable immunohistochemical and molecular characterization of this disease. However, knowledge about specific molecular patterns and their relation to cardiac function in both ventricles is rare. Therefore, we performed a mass spectrometric analysis of 28 paired EMBs of left (LV) and right ventricles (RV) of patients with DCM or suspected myocarditis allowing quantitative profiling of 743 proteins. We analysed associations between protein abundance of LV and RV as well as the echocardiographic parameters LVEF, TAPSE, LVEDDI, and RVEDDI by linear regression models. Overall, more LV than RV proteins were associated with LV parameters or with RVEDDI. Most LV and RV proteins increasing in level with impairing of LVEF were annotated to structural components of cardiac tissue. Additionally, a high proportion of LV proteins with metabolic functions decreased in level with decreasing LVEF. Results were validated with LV heart sections of a genetic murine heart failure model. The study shows, that remodelling and systolic dysfunction in DCM is mirrored by distinct alterations in protein composition of both ventricles. Loss of LV systolic function is reflected predominantly by alterations in proteins assigned to metabolic functions in the LV whereas structural remodelling was more obvious in the RV. Alterations related to intermediate filaments were seen in both ventricles and highlight such proteins as early indicators of LV loss of function. SIGNIFICANCE: The present study report protein sets in the RV and the LV being associated with ventricular function and remodelling in DCM. Protein abundances in the LV and the RV emphasize and expand current knowledge on pathophysiological changes in heart failure and DCM. While RV and LV EMBs do not differ concerning diagnostic assessment of inflammatory status and virus persistence, additional information reflecting disease severity associated protein alterations can be gained by EMB protein profiling. RV and LV protein data provided complementary information. The protein pattern of the LV reflects metabolic changes and an impaired energy production, which is associated with the degree of LV systolic dysfunction and remodelling and may yield important information about the disease status in DCM. On the other hand, at this disease stage of DCM with still preserved RV function, RV alterations in structural proteins may reflect myocardial compensatory protective mechanisms for maintenance of structure and cellular function. The study highlight particular proteins being of interest as heart failure biomarkers in both ventricles which seem to reflect the severity of the disease. Further comparative studies between different HF aetiologies have to evaluate those proteins as markers specific for DCM.

5.
Eur Respir J ; 2020 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cumulative evidence indicates that childhood maltreatment (CM) is linked to self-reported asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, the relation between CM and objective measures of lung function as determined by spirometry has not yet been assessed. METHODS: Medical histories and spirometric lung function were taken in 1386 adults from the general population. Participants also completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire for the assessment of emotional, physical and sexual abuse as well as emotional and physical neglect. RESULTS: 25.3% of the participants reported at least one type of CM. Among them, use of medication for obstructive airway diseases as well as typical signs and symptoms of airflow limitation were significantly more frequent than in the group without exposure to CM. Although participants with CM had numerically lower values for FEV1, FVC and PEF than those without, these differences were non-significant when accounting for relevant covariates like age, sex, height and smoking. Likewise, there were no differences in the FEV1/FVC ratio nor in the frequency of airflow limitation regardless of its definition. No specific type of CM was related to spirometrically determined parameters of lung function. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings call into question the association of CM with obstructive lung diseases as indicated by prior research relying on self-reported diagnoses. We consider several explanations for these discrepancies.

6.
Vascul Pharmacol ; : 106808, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The G-protein-coupled apelin receptor and its apelin ligand are an emerging regulatory system of the vascular homeostasis. To date, the implications of the apelin/apelin receptor system in athero-thrombosis are not completely clarified yet. This study determines the expression of the apelin receptor on human platelets, the effect of different apelin isoforms on platelet aggregation and the potential role of the apelin/apelin receptor system in acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: We applied immunofluorescence staining, Western Blot analysis, aggregometry, and flow cytometry to elucidate the role of the apelin receptor in activated platelets. Furthermore, in an observational pilot study, we assessed platelet apelin recpetor expression and apelin-17 plasma levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI, n = 27). RESULTS: Immunofluorescence staining indicates that the apelin receptor is located at the cell membrane in resting platelets and diminishes upon activation with a selective thrombin receptor-activating peptide (AP1, 3 to 100 µM). Western Blot analyses of AP1-activated platelets and their supernatants suggest that the apelin receptor is not predominantly internalized but is released from activated platelets. The isoform apelin-17 attenuated AP-1-induced platelet activation in-vitro, presumably via a NO-dependent mechanism. Furthermore, platelet apelin receptor expression was significantly reduced in patients with AMI (n = 27) compared to age-matched controls (n = 14; p < 0.05) and inversely correlated with troponin I plasma levels (r = -0.46; p = 0.03). Besides that, circulating apelin-17 was significantly reduced in MI patients compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our data support a crucial role of the platelet apelinergic system assuming an antithrombotic effect and therefore holding a potential diagnostic and therapeutic impact.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205518

RESUMO

Physical activity (PA) may influence cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF). Yet, PA takes place in different domains (i.e. sports related physical activity [SPA], leisure time related physical activity [LTPA] and work-related physical activity [WPA]) and not all domain-specific PA may help to maintain high CRF levels throughout life. We assessed the relationship between changes in domain specific PA and the age-related decline in CRF. We analyzed data of 353 men (median age 50 years; inter-quartile range [IQR] 40 to 60) and 335 women (median age 50 years; IQR 41 to 59) with data for domain-specific PA as well as CRF testing measured ten years apart. CRF was assessed with cardiorespiratory exercise testing. Domain specific PA was measured using the Baecke questionnaire. During the 10 year follow-up CRF decreased in men from 29.3 (IQR 25.0 to 34.7) ml/min/kg to 24.3 (IQR 20.8 to 27.3) ml/min/kg. In women CRF declined from 26.0 (IQR 21.0 to 30.9) to 21.4 (IQR 18.3 to 25.6) ml/min/kg. A one point higher SPA at baseline was related to a 1.14 (95% confidence interval [CI] -1.50 to -0.53) ml/min/kg greater decrease in VO2peak . A one point greater SPA and LTPA over time was associated with a 1.68 (95% CI 1.06 to 2.29) ml/min/kg and 1.24 (95% CI 0.57 to 1.90) ml/min/kg lower decrease in VO2peak , respectively. Neither baseline values nor changes of WPA were associated with CRF. Sports and leisure time related PA may attenuate the age related decline in CRF.

8.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33247945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Heart failure is associated with an impaired NO-soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC)-cGMP pathway and its augmentation is thought to be beneficial for its therapy. We hypothesized that stimulation of sGC by the sGC stimulator riociguat prevents pathological cardiac remodelling and heart failure in response to chronic pressure overload. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Transverse aortic constriction or sham surgery was performed in C57BL/6N mice. After 3 weeks of transverse aortic constriction when heart failure was established, animals receive either riociguat or its vehicle for 5 additional weeks. Cardiac function was evaluated weekly by echocardiography. Eight weeks after surgery, histological analyses were performed to evaluate remodelling and the transcriptome of the left ventricles (LVs) was analysed by RNA sequencing. Cell culture experiments were used for mechanistically studies. KEY RESULTS: Transverse aortic constriction resulted in a continuous decrease of LV ejection fraction and an increase in LV mass until week 3. Five weeks of riociguat treatment resulted in an improved LV ejection fraction and a decrease in the ratio of left ventricular mass to total body weight (LVM/BW), myocardial fibrosis and myocyte cross-sectional area. RNA sequencing revealed that riociguat reduced the expression of myocardial stress and remodelling genes (e.g. Nppa, Nppb, Myh7 and collagen) and attenuated the activation of biological pathways associated with cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Riociguat reversed pathological stress response in cultivated myocytes and fibroblasts. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Stimulation of the sGC reverses transverse aortic constriction-induced heart failure and remodelling, which is associated with improved myocardial gene expression.

9.
Nat Rev Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046850

RESUMO

Inflammatory cardiomyopathy, characterized by inflammatory cell infiltration into the myocardium and a high risk of deteriorating cardiac function, has a heterogeneous aetiology. Inflammatory cardiomyopathy is predominantly mediated by viral infection, but can also be induced by bacterial, protozoal or fungal infections as well as a wide variety of toxic substances and drugs and systemic immune-mediated diseases. Despite extensive research, inflammatory cardiomyopathy complicated by left ventricular dysfunction, heart failure or arrhythmia is associated with a poor prognosis. At present, the reason why some patients recover without residual myocardial injury whereas others develop dilated cardiomyopathy is unclear. The relative roles of the pathogen, host genomics and environmental factors in disease progression and healing are still under discussion, including which viruses are active inducers and which are only bystanders. As a consequence, treatment strategies are not well established. In this Review, we summarize and evaluate the available evidence on the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of myocarditis and inflammatory cardiomyopathy, with a special focus on virus-induced and virus-associated myocarditis. Furthermore, we identify knowledge gaps, appraise the available experimental models and propose future directions for the field. The current knowledge and open questions regarding the cardiovascular effects associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are also discussed. This Review is the result of scientific cooperation of members of the Heart Failure Association of the ESC, the Heart Failure Society of America and the Japanese Heart Failure Society.

10.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(19): 2208-2216, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare single lactate values at admission (L1) and after 8 h (L2) with lactate clearance (LC) for mortality prediction in cardiogenic shock (CS). BACKGROUND: Early estimation of prognosis in CS complicating acute myocardial infarction is crucial for tailored treatment selection. Arterial lactate is the most widely used point-of-care parameter in CS. In septic shock, lactate reduction over time-LC-has been extensively investigated. However, in CS, only limited data exist, and the prognostic value of LC is unknown. METHODS: This study is a subanalysis of the IABP-SHOCK II (Intraaortic Balloon Pump in Cardiogenic Shock II) trial and the corresponding registry. Lactate levels were prospectively collected. All-cause mortality at 30 days was assessed as primary endpoint. RESULTS: For 671 of 783 (85.7%) patients, L1 and L2 values were available. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (L1: 0.69; L2: 0.76; LC: 0.59) showed no difference between L1 and LC (p = 0.20). In contrast, L2 was a significantly better predictive parameter than L1 or LC (p < 0.001 for both). In multivariable stepwise Cox regression analysis, L2 ≥3.1 mmol/l (best cutoff value by Youden index) and LC <-3.45%/h remained independently predictive for time to death (p < 0.001 for both), with L2 showing the highest chi-square test score (42.1) and hazard ratio (2.89; 95% confidence interval: 2.10 to 3.97). CONCLUSIONS: Arterial lactate after 8 h is superior in mortality prediction in comparison with baseline lactate and LC. A cutoff value of 3.1 mmol/l for lactate after 8 h showed the best discrimination for assessing early prognosis in CS and may serve as new treatment goal. (Intraaortic Balloon Pump in Cardiogenic Shock II [IABP-SHOCK II]; NCT00491036).

11.
Cell ; 182(5): 1214-1231.e11, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888494

RESUMO

Blood cells play essential roles in human health, underpinning physiological processes such as immunity, oxygen transport, and clotting, which when perturbed cause a significant global health burden. Here we integrate data from UK Biobank and a large-scale international collaborative effort, including data for 563,085 European ancestry participants, and discover 5,106 new genetic variants independently associated with 29 blood cell phenotypes covering a range of variation impacting hematopoiesis. We holistically characterize the genetic architecture of hematopoiesis, assess the relevance of the omnigenic model to blood cell phenotypes, delineate relevant hematopoietic cell states influenced by regulatory genetic variants and gene networks, identify novel splice-altering variants mediating the associations, and assess the polygenic prediction potential for blood traits and clinical disorders at the interface of complex and Mendelian genetics. These results show the power of large-scale blood cell trait GWAS to interrogate clinically meaningful variants across a wide allelic spectrum of human variation.

12.
Am Heart J ; 228: 98-108, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871329

RESUMO

About half of patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) present with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD). Recent evidence supports complete revascularization in these patients. However, optimal timing of non-culprit lesion revascularization in STEMI patients is unknown because dedicated randomized trials on this topic are lacking. STUDY DESIGN: The MULTISTARS AMI trial is a prospective, international, multicenter, randomized, two-arm, open-label study planning to enroll at least 840 patients. It is designed to investigate whether immediate complete revascularization is non-inferior to staged (within 19-45 days) complete revascularization in patients in stable hemodynamic conditions presenting with STEMI and MVD and undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). After successful primary PCI of the culprit artery, patients are randomized in a 1:1 ratio to immediate or staged complete revascularization. The primary endpoint is a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, ischemia-driven revascularization, hospitalization for heart failure, and stroke at 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: The MULTISTARS AMI trial tests the hypothesis that immediate complete revascularization is non-inferior to staged complete revascularization in stable patients with STEMI and MVD.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Tempo para o Tratamento/normas , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(16): e015630, 2020 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805196

RESUMO

Background Common carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) is a biomarker for subclinical atherosclerosis and is associated with all-cause as well as cardiovascular mortality. Higher cIMT is accompanied by a compensatory increase in lumen diameter (LD) of the common carotid arteries. Whether cIMT or LD carry more information with regard to mortality is unclear. Methods and Results A total of 2751 subjects (median age 53 years; 52% female) were included. During a median follow-up of 14.9 years (range: 12.8-16.5) a total of 506 subjects died. At baseline, cIMT and LD were assessed by carotid ultrasound scans. Multivariable Cox regression models were used to relate cIMT, LD, LD adjusted for cIMT (LD+cIMT), and LD/cIMT ratio with all-cause, cardiovascular, and noncardiovascular mortality. All models were ranked using Akaike's information criterion. Harrel's c statistic was used to compare the models' predictive power for mortality. A 1-mm increase in LD was related to a higher risk for all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 1.29; 95% CI, 1.14-1.45, P<0.01). This association remained significant when cIMT was added to the model (HR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.11-1.42; P<0.01). A 1-mm higher cIMT was also related with greater mortality risk (HR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.09-2.75). The LD/cIMT ratio was not associated with all-cause mortality. LD had the lowest Akaike's information criterion regarding all-cause mortality and improved all-cause mortality prediction compared with the null model (P=0.01). CIMT weakened all-cause mortality prediction compared with the LD model. Conclusions LD provided more information for all-cause mortality compared with cIMT in a large population-based sample.

14.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859720

RESUMO

AIM: To assess whether cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and handgrip strength, two objective markers of physical fitness, are associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (2008-2012) including 1173 adult men and women aged 20-79 years. Fundus photography of the central retina was recorded with a non-mydriatic camera, and images were graded according to an established clinical AMD classification scale by an experienced reader. CRF was measured using peak oxygen uptake (peakVO2), oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold (VO2@AT), and maximum power output (Wmax) from standardised cardiopulmonary exercise testing on a bicycle ergometer according to a modified Jones protocol. Handgrip strength was assessed using a handheld dynamometer. Adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) for the associations of peakVO2, VO2@AT, Wmax and handgrip strength with AMD were derived from multivariable Poisson regression models. RESULTS: PeakVO2, VO2@AT, Wmax and handgrip strength were not associated with AMD. Adjusted PR for AMD associated with a 1-SD increment in peakVO2, VO2@AT, Wmax and handgrip strength were 1.05 (95% CI 0.82 to 1.34), 0.96 (95% CI 0.78 to 1.18), 1.10 (95% CI 0.86 to 1.41) and 1.01 (95% CI 0.79 to 1.30), respectively. These associations were not modified by age, sex, smoking, body mass index and diabetes. Estimates in sensitivity analysis for confounding, selection bias and missing data were similar. CONCLUSION: In our study, CRF and handgrip strength were not associated with AMD. Nevertheless, longitudinal studies with bigger sample sizes are needed to furtherly examine these associations.

15.
Artif Organs ; 44(12): 1259-1266, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592601

RESUMO

The frequency of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) device application has increased in recent years. Besides implantation in the emergency setting, such as circulatory arrest, MCS is also increasingly used electively to ensure hemodynamic stability in high-risk patients, for example, during percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), valve interventions or off-pump coronary bypass surgery. Lifebridge (Zoll Medical GmbH, Germany) is a compact percutaneous MCS device widely used in daily clinical routine. The present study aimed to investigate the indications, feasibility, and outcomes after use of Lifebridge in cardiac interventions, evaluating a large-scale multicenter database. A total of 60 tertiary cardiovascular centers were questioned regarding application and short-term outcomes after the use of the Lifebridge system (n = 160 patients). Out of these 60 centers, eight consented to participate in the study (n = 39 patients), where detailed data were collected using standardized questionnaires. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the patient population, procedural as well as follow-up data were recorded and analyzed. In 60 interrogated centers, Lifebridge was used in 74% of emergency cases and 26% in the setting of planned interventions. The subcohort interrogated in detail displayed the same distribution of application scenarios, while the main cardiovascular procedure was high-risk PCI (82%). All patients were successfully weaned from the device and 92% (n = 36) of the patients studied in detail survived after 30 days. As assessed 30 days after insertion of the device, bleeding requiring red blood cell (RBC) transfusion constituted the main complication, occurring in 49% of cases. In our analysis of clinical data, the use of Lifebridge in cardiac intervention was shown to be feasible. Further prospective studies are warranted to identify patients who benefit from hemodynamic MCS support despite the increased rate of RBC transfusion due to challenges in access sites during cardiovascular procedures.

16.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 163: 108149, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304796

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess the role of serum ferritin and transferrin with prevalent and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and whether these associations are independent of inflammatory markers and hepatic enzymes. METHODS: We analyzed data from 3,232 participants aged 20-81 years of the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) from Northeast Germany with a median follow-up time of 10.6 years. Logistic and Cox regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Serum ferritin concentrations were associated with a higher prevalence of T2DM (total population OR: 1.16 [95% CI: 1.07, 1.26]; men OR: 1.18 [95% CI: 1.08, 1.30) and MetS (total population OR: 1.27 [95% CI: 1.16, 1.38]; men OR: 1.26 [95% CI: 1.15, 1.38]) in the total population and men independently of inflammatory markers and hepatic enzymes. In longitudinal analyses, baseline ferritin concentrations were associated with a higher risk of incident T2DM in women (HR: 1.38 [95% CI: 1.10, 1.71]), but not in men or in the total population and also with a higher risk of incident MetS (HR: 1.09 [95% CI: 1.01, 1.17]) in the total population. These longitudinal associations attenuated considerably after adjustment for hepatic enzymes but not inflammatory markers. Transferrin was not associated with any of the outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest a link between ferritin and T2DM and MetS, which might be partially explained by hepatic dysfunction.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Ferritinas/sangue , Ferro/metabolismo , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Transferrina/metabolismo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170398
18.
Diabetes Care ; 43(4): 875-884, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033992

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of epigenetics in statins' diabetogenic effect comparing DNA methylation (DNAm) between statin users and nonusers in an epigenome-wide association study in blood. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Five cohort studies' participants (n = 8,270) were classified as statin users when they were on statin therapy at the time of DNAm assessment with Illumina 450K or EPIC array or noncurrent users otherwise. Associations of DNAm with various outcomes like incident type 2 diabetes, plasma glucose, insulin, and insulin resistance (HOMA of insulin resistance [HOMA-IR]) as well as with gene expression were investigated. RESULTS: Discovery (n = 6,820) and replication (n = 1,450) phases associated five DNAm sites with statin use: cg17901584 (1.12 × 10-25 [DHCR24]), cg10177197 (3.94 × 10-08 [DHCR24]), cg06500161 (2.67 × 10-23 [ABCG1]), cg27243685 (6.01 × 10-09 [ABCG1]), and cg05119988 (7.26 × 10-12 [SC4MOL]). Two sites were associated with at least one glycemic trait or type 2 diabetes. Higher cg06500161 methylation was associated with higher fasting glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, and type 2 diabetes (odds ratio 1.34 [95% CI 1.22, 1.47]). Mediation analyses suggested that ABCG1 methylation partially mediates the effect of statins on high insulin and HOMA-IR. Gene expression analyses showed that statin exposure and ABCG1 methylation were associated with ABCG1 downregulation, suggesting epigenetic regulation of ABCG1 expression. Further, outcomes insulin and HOMA-IR were significantly associated with ABCG1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: This study sheds light on potential mechanisms linking statins with type 2 diabetes risk, providing evidence on DNAm partially mediating statins' effects on insulin traits. Further efforts shall disentangle the molecular mechanisms through which statins may induce DNAm changes, potentially leading to ABCG1 epigenetic regulation.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Glicemia/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Ilhas de CpG/efeitos dos fármacos , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Metilação de DNA/fisiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo
19.
J Appl Physiol (1985) ; 128(4): 778-784, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053417

RESUMO

Exercise reduces the future cardiometabolic disease risk. However, not everyone can participate in routine physical activity because of obesity or orthopedic impairments. Body weight-supported (BWS) exercise may be an option for these individuals. Unfortunately, very little data are available with regard to BWS running in untrained healthy individuals. Yet, this information is important to assess the potential use of lower-body positive pressure (LBPP) treadmill running for the prevention of cardiometabolic disease. Twenty healthy but untrained participants (10 females, mean age 31.5 yr) were included in this study. Participants completed two exercise tests (one with 100% and one with 60% body wt) in randomized order on a LBPP treadmill. Expired gas data and heart rate (HR) were collected continuously. Blood lactate, blood pressure (BP), pulse wave velocity (PWV), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured during a 2-min break after each stage. Oxygen uptake increased significantly independent of BWS but was lower with BWS. Furthermore, we identified a significant correlation between HR and RPE independent of BWS. BP and PWV showed a large heterogeneity in response to BWS. The lower O2 requirement when running with BWS may help untrained individuals to adapt to an exercise regimen. Future research needs to explore the heterogenetic response of blood pressure and pulse wave velocity to LBPP BWS between individuals.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Lower-body positive pressure body weight-supported exercise has a lower metabolic and cardiovascular demand. Furthermore, heart rate and rating of perceived exertion are highly correlated independent of body weight support. Our data support the further examination of lower-body positive pressure exercise training for cardiovascular disease risk groups.

20.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 145(3): 166-170, 2020 02.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018290

RESUMO

Myocarditis is a heterogenous disease regarding aetiology, clinical presentation and course. A defined diagnostic procedure is needed to reliably detect myocarditis. While findings from medical laboratory parameters, electrocardiography and echocardiography are rather unspecific, endomyocardial biopsies supply dependable data regarding inflammatory and viral status. Analysis of cardiac MR is constantly being improved in order to increase sensitivity regarding myocarditis detection. Incidence, clinical presentation as well as disease progression and prognosis show considerable gender differences. Adamant implementation of defined diagnostic procedures is needed in order not to overlook myocarditis in women while the understanding of the pathomechanisms behind the gender differences might lead the way to new therapeutic options. Currently, treatment of myocarditis symptoms and heart failure is in the focus of clinical care. In addition, cardiac involvement in systemic inflammatory diseases should be stringently treated via immunosuppression. Avoidance of physical exercise has to be observed in order to reduce cardiac strain and consequently the number of adverse events.


Assuntos
Miocardite , Biópsia , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/patologia , Miocardite/terapia , Miocárdio/patologia , Prognóstico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA