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1.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 534: 966-972, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121682

RESUMO

circRNAs have been shown to be involved in cancer progression. It is unclear whether circPGAM1 exerts its effect on laryngocarcinoma drug resistance. In this study, we employed colony formation and MTT assay to determine colony number and cell viability under cisplatin treatment. TUNEL experiment was used to evaluate apoptosis of laryngocarcinoma cells in the presence of cisplatin. Xenograft tumor experiment was performed to assess in vivo tumor growth of SNU46 cells. We found that circPGAM1 enhanced colony formation and viability of SNU46 and M4E cells. In contrast, circPGAM1 caused attenuated cell apoptosis. Furthermore, we also confirmed that circPGAM1 played a key role in tumor growth in animal model and clinical patients. miR-376a was identified and proved to act as key effector for circPGAM1-mediated drug resistance. Finally, autophagy-related gene ATG2A was shown to rescue miR-376a-modulated drug resistance of laryngocarcinoma cells. Herein, we illuminate the role of circPGAM1 in laryngocarcinoma drug resistance, thereby facilitating development of targeted therapy for treating laryngocarcinoma.

2.
Gene ; 768: 145321, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221538

RESUMO

c/ebpα is a member of the C/EBP family of transcription factors, which are involved in cell growth and differentiation and have a conserved basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain. However, little is known about its function in sex determination and differentiation. In the present study, c/ebpα was cloned from the gonads of Chinese tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis). The full-length cDNA of c/ebpα was 1583 bp, with a 198-bp 5' UTR, a 446-bp 3' UTR, and a 939-bp open reading frame encoding a 312-amino acid peptide. qRT-PCR revealed that c/ebpα was predominantly expressed in undifferentiated gonads of male C. semilaevis at 30 dpf and 60 dpf and peaked at 60 dpf. Expression levels of c/ebpα in the testis were constantly higher than those in ovaries at all developmental stages. Moreover, a dual-luciferase assay revealed that c/ebpα could negatively regulate the male-determining gene dmrt1 in vitro. These results provide fundamental information indicating that C. semilaevis c/ebpa might be involved in early gonadal differentiation and functions as a negative regulator of dmrt1 by repressing its transcription.


Assuntos
Proteína alfa Estimuladora de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Proteína alfa Estimuladora de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Linguados/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Feminino , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Linguados/genética , Linguados/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Masculino , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário/metabolismo , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Processos de Determinação Sexual , Testículo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Testículo/metabolismo
3.
Liver Int ; 41(2): 369-377, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-invasive assessment criteria to rule out high-risk varices (HRV) in compensated hepatitis B virus (HBV) cirrhosis on antiviral therapy remains unclear. METHODS: HBV-related compensated cirrhotic patients who underwent screening endoscopy during antiviral therapy were enrolled and randomly divided into the derivation and validation sets. HRV were defined as medium to large varices or small varices with red signs. Univariate and multivariate logistic analysis were used to determine the parameters associated with HRV. RESULTS: A total of 436 HBV-related compensated cirrhotic patients screened for varices were enrolled, the median duration of antiviral therapy was 4 years (IQR: 2.5-5.5 years). In the derivation set (N = 290, 17.2% with HRV), only platelet (PLT) count (OR = 0.972, 95% CI 0.961-0.984, P < .05) was independently associated with HRV, whereas liver stiffness measurement was not associated with the presence of HRV. With a PLT count cut-off value of 105 × 109 /L, unnecessary endoscopies could be spared in 56.9% patients, with a 3.6%. risk of missing HRV. In the validation cohort (N = 146, 16.4% with HRV), the proportion of patients that could safely spare endoscopies (61.0%) identified by this PLT count cut-off value was higher than that obtained by using Baveno VI criteria (34.9%), with an acceptable risk of missing HRV (3.4%). CONCLUSION: Compared with the 'Baveno VI criteria or beyond' criteria, PLT count higher than 105 × 109 /L could safely spare more screening endoscopies without increasing the risk of missing HRV in patients with HBV-related compensated cirrhosis on antiviral therapy.

4.
Surg Endosc ; 35(1): 406-414, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate feasibility of laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection with pelvic peritoneum closure (LAPR-PPC) for lower rectal cancer. METHODS: LAPR-PPC has been used for lower rectal cancer in our institution since 2014. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the data from 86 patients who underwent LAPR-PPC and compared with the data from 96 patients who underwent laparoscopic APR without PPC (LAPR) from January 2013 to December 2018. RESULTS: The rate of perineal surgical site infection (SSI) (18.75% (18/96) vs. 5.81% (5/86), p < 0.01), delayed (> 4 weeks) perineal healing (12.50% (12/96) vs. 3.49% (3/86), p = 0.027), ileus (7.29% (7/96) vs 1.16% (1/86), p = 0.044), and postoperative perineal hernia (PPH, 5.21% (5/96) vs. 0% (0/86), p = 0.032) were significantly lower in LAPR-PPC group than LAPR group. The patients in LAPR-PPC group had shorter hospitalization time (21.32 ± 11.95 days vs. 13.93 ± 11.51 days, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: PPC procedure enabled the reduction in perineal wound complications, ileus, PPH, and consequently shortened hospitalization time. LAPR-PPC is beneficial for the patients with lower rectal cancer.

5.
Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol ; 253: 110542, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33301875

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) contribute to various biological processes, including sexual development. As a member of the DMRT family, dmrt2 plays a very important role in sex determination and differentiation. In this study, we cloned and characterized the lncRNA DMRT2-AS (referred to as dmrt2 antisense) associated with dmrt2 from the gonads of the Chinese tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis). The full-length cDNA of DMRT2-AS was 537 bp. Based on a sequence alignment, DMRT2-AS overlapped with dmrt2 in reverse on exon 4 and intron 3, with a region of overlap of 221 bp on exon 4. RT-qPCR showed that DMRT2-AS was highly expressed in the testis of Chinese tongue sole. In addition, the expression of DMRT2-AS increased continuously during male gonadal development. In vitro experiments and bioinformatics predictions showed that DMRT2-AS promoted the expression of dmrt2 at the transcriptional level. These results suggest that DMRT2-AS acts as a transcriptional regulator of dmrt2 and plays an important role in the gonadal differentiation of male.

6.
Drug Metab Dispos ; 2020 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33376106

RESUMO

The ability to predict human liver-to-plasma unbound partition coefficient (Kpuu) is important to estimate unbound liver concentration for drugs that are substrates of hepatic organic anion transporting peptide (OATP) transporters with asymmetric distribution into the liver relative to plasma. Herein, we explored the utility of PXB chimeric mice with humanized liver that are highly repopulated with human hepatocytes to predict human hepatic disposition of OATPs substrates, including rosuvastatin, pravastatin, pitavastatin, valsartan and repaglinide. In vitro total uptake clearance and transporter-mediated active uptake clearance in C57 mouse hepatocytes were greater than PXB chimeric mouse hepatocytes for rosuvastatin, pravastatin, pitavastatin and valsartan. Consistent with in vitro uptake data, enhanced hepatic uptake and resulting total systemic clearance were observed with the above four compounds in control SCID than in PXB chimeric mouse, which suggest that mouse has a stronger transporter-mediated hepatic uptake than human. In vivo liver-to-plasma Kpuu from PXB chimeric and SCID control mice were also compared, and rosuvastatin and pravastatin Kpuu in SCID mouse were more than 10-fold higher than that in PXB chimeric mouse, whereas, pitavastatin, valsartan and repaglinide Kpuu in SCID mouse were comparable with Kpuu in PXB chimeric mouse. Finally, PXB chimeric mouse liver-to-plasma Kpuu values were compared with the reported human Kpuu, and a good correlation was observed as the PXB Kpuu vales were within 3-fold of human Kpuu. Our results indicate that PXB mice could be a useful tool to delineate hepatic uptake and enable prediction of human liver-to-plasma Kpuu of hepatic uptake transporter substrates. Significance Statement We evaluated PXB mouse with humanized liver for its ability to predict human liver disposition of five OATP transporter substrates. Both in vitro and in vivo data suggest that mouse liver has a stronger transporter-mediated hepatic uptake than the humanized liver in PXB mouse. More importantly, PXB liver-to-plasma Kpuu values were compared with the reported human Kpuu, and a good correlation was observed. PXB mice could be a useful tool to project human liver-to-plasma Kpuu of hepatic uptake transporter substrates.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20922, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262356

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the main cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the United States (US) and an increasingly common cause of HCC in China. We aimed to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of HCC in HCV patients in the US and China. 795 HCV RNA + patients without HCC from University of Michigan Health System (UMHS) in the US and 854 from Peking University Health Sciences Center (PUHSC) in China were prospectively followed for a median of 3.2 and 4.0 years, respectively. 45.4% UMHS and 16.2% PUHSC patients had cirrhosis. 57.6% UMHS and 52.0% PUHSC patients achieved SVR. 45 UMHS and 13 PUHSC patients developed HCC. Cumulative incidence of HCC at 5 years was 7.6% in UMHS and 1.8% in PUHSC cohort (P < 0.001). Ten patients not diagnosed with cirrhosis at enrollment but median APRI ≥ 2.0 developed HCC. Multivariate analysis showed age, gender, cirrhosis and APRI were predictors of HCC while study site and SVR were not. In this study of HCV patients, HCC incidence in the PUHSC cohort was lower than in the UMHS cohort, due to lower proportion of PUHSC patients with cirrhosis. APRI can identify risk of HCC among patients not diagnosed to have cirrhosis.

8.
Parasit Vectors ; 13(1): 611, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Haem is a key metabolic factor in the life cycle of the malaria parasite. In the blood stage, the parasite acquires host haemoglobin to generate amino acids for protein synthesis and the by-product haem for metabolic use. The malaria parasite can also synthesize haem de novo on its own. Plasmodium falciparum-specific histidine-rich protein 2 (PfHRP2) has a haem-binding site to mediate the formation of haemozoin, a biocrystallized form of haem aggregates. Notably, the gene regulates the mechanism of haemoglobin-derived haem metabolism and the de novo haem biosynthetic pathway in the Pfhrp2-disrupted parasite line during the intraerythrocytic stages. METHODS: The CRISPR/Cas9 system was used to disrupt the gene locus of Pfhrp2. DNA was extracted from the transgenic parasite, and PCR, Southern blotting and Western blotting were used to confirm the establishment of transgenic parasites. RNA-sequencing and comparative transcriptome analysis were performed to identify differences in gene expression between 3D7 and Pfhrp2--3D7 parasites. RESULTS: Pfhrp2- transgenic parasites were successfully established by the CRISPR/Cas9 system. A total of 964, 1261, 3138, 1064, 2512 and 1778 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the six comparison groups, respectively, with 373, 520, 1499, 353, 1253 and 742 of these DEGs upregulated and 591, 741, 1639, 711, 1259 and 1036 of them downregulated, respectively. Five DEGs related to haem metabolism and synthesis were identified in the comparison groups at six time points (0, 8, 16, 24, 32, and 40 h after merozoite invasion). The genes encoding delta-aminolevulinic acid synthetase and ferrochelatase, both related to haem biosynthesis, were found to be significantly upregulated in the comparison groups, and those encoding haem oxygenase, stromal-processing peptidase and porphobilinogen deaminase were found to be significantly downregulated. No GO terms were significantly enriched in haem-related processes (Q value = 1). CONCLUSION: Our data revealed changes in the transcriptome expression profile of the Pfhrp2--3D7 parasite during the intraerythrocytic stages. The findings provide insight at the gene transcript level that will facilitate further research on and development of anti-malaria drugs.

9.
ACS Omega ; 5(43): 28351-28359, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33163818

RESUMO

To analyze the response of float glass under explosion load, the model was developed by the method of FEM simulation combined with stress theory. The numerical simulation results show that the stress caused by the blast wave on the center of the glass panel is continuous, while the stress around the glass is instantaneous. The displacement on both sides of the glass is larger than that at the center and at the four corners of the glass. The effective stress at the center of the glass is 86.08 MPa by numerical simulation. However, the effective stress at the center of the glass is 87.75 MPa by theoretical calculation. The error rate between the simulation result and the theoretical result is only 1.90%. Therefore, it is proved that the theoretical expressions in this paper are reliable for calculating the effective stress of single float glass under explosion load.

10.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(12): 9479-9488, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210255

RESUMO

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are a group of modified proteins and/or lipids with damaging potential. AGEs-RAGE pathway plays a critical role to induce neurodegenerative encephalopathy. Statins can reduce the expression of AGEs-induced AGEs receptor (RAGE) in the aorta. It is not clear whether statins have potential benefits on AGEs-induced cognitive impairment. In this study, the effects of atorvastatin (ATV) on inflammation and oxidation stress in the cerebral cortex were investigated, and the underlying mechanisms were explored. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-/- male mice were divided into four groups: control, AGEs, AGEs + ALT711 (Alagebrium chloride) and AGEs + ATV. ß-amyloid (Aß) formation in the cerebral cortex was assessed through Congo red staining and the functional state of neurons was evaluated by Nissl's staining. Immunostaining was performed to assess the accumulation of AGEs in the cerebral cortex. The expressions of mRNA and protein of RAGE, Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 and Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase (NADPH oxidase) p47phox were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot. There were significant increases in AGEs deposit, Aß formation, and the expressions of RAGE, NF-κB p65, and NADPH oxidase p47phox, and a decrease Nissl body in AGEs group compared with control group. ALT711 group recovered above change compared with AGEs group. Atorvastatin reduced Aß formation and suppressed AGEs-induced expressions of NF-κB p65 and NADPH oxidase p47phox. Atorvastatin has little effects on AGEs deposit and RAGE expressions. Atorvastatin alleviates AGEs-induced neuronal impairment by alleviating inflammation and oxidative stress via inhibiting NADPH oxidase-NF-κB pathway.

11.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(6): 4696-4706, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174045

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of slow­transit constipation (STC) remains largely unclear, with the roles of microRNAs (miRs/miRNAs) yet to be determined. Co­expression network analysis of miRNAs in STC is crucial to elucidating potential underlying mechanisms. Weighted gene correlation network analysis was performed in the miRNA expression profile of STC (GSE57969). The key miRNA target genes were further functionally enriched by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO). A Protein­Protein Interaction (PPI) network was constructed, with a total of 12 color­clustered modules determined. Seven key miRNAs were established, including five miRNAs from the turquoise module (hsa­miR­20b, hsa­miR­128, hsa­miR­129­3p, hsa­miR­30b and hsa­miR­340), one miRNA from the blue module (hsa­miR­619) and one from the black module (hsa­miR­486­3p). A total of 2,077 key miRNA target genes were predicted. GO analysis revealed that the 'protein modification process' and 'cellular protein modification process' were the most significantly enriched processes in the 'Biological Processes' category, whereas the 'nucleoplasm' in 'Cellular Components' and 'enzyme binding' in 'Molecular Functions' were the most significantly enriched processes. The 'cAMP signalling pathway' was the top KEGG pathway. The hub genes identified from the PPI network included calmodulin (CALM)2, CALM1, histone deacetylase (HDAC)3, glycogen synthase kinase 3 ß, HDAC9, heat­shock protein family A member 8, G­protein subunit Î³ (GNG)13, HECT domain and ankyrin repeat containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1, GNG10 and GNG7. This bioinformatics analysis demonstrated co­expressed miRNA networks with insightful genes and pathways associated with STC.

12.
Cell Rep ; 33(5): 108346, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147450

RESUMO

Complex febrile seizures (FSs) lead to a high risk of intractable temporal lobe epilepsy during adulthood, yet the pathological process of complex FSs is largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that activated microglia extensively associated with glutamatergic neuronal soma displace surrounding GABAergic presynapses in complex FSs. Patch-clamp electrophysiology establishes that the microglial displacement of GABAergic presynapses abrogates a complex-FS-induced increase in GABAergic neurotransmission and neuronal excitability, whereas GABA exerts an excitatory action in this immature stage. Pharmacological inhibition of microglial displacement of GABAergic presynapses or selective ablation of microglia in CD11bDTR mice promotes the generation of complex FSs. Blocking or deleting the P2Y12 receptor (P2Y12R) reduces microglial displacement of GABAergic presynapses and shortens the latency of complex FSs. Together, microglial displacement of GABAergic presynapses, regulated by P2Y12R, reduces neuronal excitability to mitigate the generation of complex FSs. Microglial displacement is a protective event during the pathological process of complex FSs.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124526, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218909

RESUMO

Microbial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) coating nanoparticles (NPs) surface can form NPs-EPS corona, which significantly affect the adsorption of NPs to toxic substances and alter the ecotoxicological effect of NPs. In this work, the EPS coronas on TiO2 NPs (TNPs) and CeO2 NPs (CNPs) were characterized and the adsorption characteristics of NPs with and without EPS corona to five heavy metals were investigated in single-metal and multiple-metal systems. The results of spectral analysis showed that NPs-EPS corona exhibited new crystalline phases and abundant functional groups. Moreover, 42 and 13 proteins were identified in the TNPs-EPS and CNPs-EPS coronas, respectively. The rates of Cd2+, Pb2+, Cu2+, Ni2+ and Ag+ adsorption by NPs-EPS corona increased to values that were 6.7-7.6, 4.4-5.1, 4.2-5.5, 3.9-4.9 and 8.5-8.8 times those of NPs without EPS corona, respectively, in single-metal system. NPs-EPS coronas are effective in absorbing Ag+, Pb2+ and Cu2+ compared with Cd2+and Ni2+ in multiple metal adsorption. These results indicated that NPs-EPS corona effectively adsorb and remove heavy metals by forming NPs-EPS-metal complexes and inducing precipitation. However, NPs-EPS corona can enhance the toxicity of NPs by accumulating highly-toxic heavy metals in aquatic environments.

15.
Mol Carcinog ; 59(12): 1392-1408, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079409

RESUMO

Countless evidence suggests that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in human malignant cancers, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), although their exact function remains unclear. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the roles and molecular mechanisms of the lncRNA LOC440173 in ESCC progression. Microarray analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were conducted to measure the expression levels of LOC440173 and miR-30d-5p. The biological function of this lncRNA was investigated using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, clone formation, and transwell assays, as well as flow cytometry and Western blot analysis. The function of LOC440173 was validated in vivo using tumor xenografts. The regulatory network of LOC440173/miR-30d-5p/HDAC9 was established using bioinformatic analysis and verified with dual-luciferase reporter assays, RNA immunoprecipitation assay, and rescue experiments. The expression level of LOC440173 was significantly increased in ESCC tissues and esophageal carcinoma cells. High LOC440173 expression was correlated with histological grade, tumor invasion depth, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage. Overexpression of LOC440173 promoted esophageal cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, as well as the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in vitro, and facilitated tumor growth in vivo. MicroRNA-30d-5p (miR-30d-5p) was downregulated in ESCC tissues and acted as a direct binding target of LOC440173 during the regulation of HDAC9 expression in esophageal carcinoma cells. In conclusion, LOC440173 exerts a promotive role in ESCC tumorigenesis by targeting the miR-30d-5p/HDAC9 axis and regulating the EMT process. LOC440173 might be a new therapeutic target for the treatment of ESCC.

16.
Biochem Cell Biol ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058690

RESUMO

This study aimed to certify the hypothesis that miR-138-5p is expected to reduced osteodifferentiation of human bone mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) by FOXC1 down-regulation. hBMSCs were separated from bone marrow and osteogenic induction medium was added to stimulate osteogenic differentiation. Flow cytometric analysis was applied to evaluate the expression of cell surface antigens associated with hBMSCs, including CD29, CD44, CD90, CD45 and CD34. qRT-PCR assay and western blot assay were determined to measure the mRNA and protein expression of miR-138-5p, OCN, RUNX2, BSP, ALP and FOXC1. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining assay and Alizarin Red Staining (ARS) assay were determined to validate the osteogenic differentiation. Luciferase assay was applied to test the interaction of miR-138-5p and FOXC1. We demonstrated miR-138-5p is downregulated in osteogenic differentiated hBMSCs. Besides, miR-138-5p overexpression diminished osteodifferentiated markers expression, ALP activity and ARS activity. Furthermore, we revealed that forkhead transcription factor C1 (FOXC1) was a downstream target gene of miR-138-5p and knockdown of miR-138-5p improved the osteogenesis differentiation of hBMSCs by upregulating FOXC1. miR-138-5p knockdown promoted osteogenic differentiation in hBMSCs via directly targeting FOXC1. This study suggested miR-138-5p may be a new target for hBMSCs osteogenic differentiation and the treatment of bone defects.

17.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 745, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Temperature is known to affect living organisms and alter the expression of responsive genes, which affects a series of life processes, such as development, reproduction and metabolism. Several genes and gene families have been involved in high temperature responses, such as heat shock protein (hsp) family, Jumonji family and genes related to cortisol synthesis. Gonad is a vital organ related to the existence of a species. However, the comprehensive understanding of gonadal responses to environmental temperature is limited. RESULTS: To explore the effects of environmental temperature on genes and gene networks in gonads, we performed acute heat treatment (48 h) on Chinese tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis). Gonadal transcriptome analysis was conducted on females, pseudomales and males exposed to high (28 °C) and normal (22 °C) temperatures. A total of 1226.24 million clean reads were obtained from 18 libraries. Principal component analysis (PCA) and differentially expressed gene (DEG) analysis revealed different performance of sex responses to heat stress. There were 4565, 790 and 1117 specific genes altered their expression level in females, pseudomales and males, respectively. Of these, genes related to hsp gene family, cortisol synthesis and metabolism and epigenetic regulation were involved in early heat response. Furthermore, a total of 1048 DEGs were shared among females, pesudomales and males, which may represent the inherent difference between high and normal temperatures. Genes, such as eef1akmt3, eef1akmt4, pnmt and hsp family members, were found. CONCLUSIONS: Our results depicted for the first time the gonadal gene expression under acute high temperature treatment in Chinese tongue sole. The findings may provide a clue for understanding the responses of genes and networks to environmental temperature.

18.
Patient Educ Couns ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900605

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare effectiveness of a narrative-based educational video versus an informational pamphlet for increasing patients' self-efficacy and intention to taper their opioid use. METHODS: Five thousand participants recruited from MTurk were screened to identify eligible patients. Eligible participants (n = 365, 49.9 % female, mean age = 37 years) were randomized to either watch the narrative video or read the pamphlet. Linear regression models were used for the main analysis. RESULTS: Participants' perceptions of tapering effectiveness were higher in the video group (mean = 4.06) than the pamphlet group (mean = 3.67), adjusted mean difference = 0.34, 95 %CI 0.13 - 0.54,P < 0.001. Participants' perceptions of tapering self-efficacy were also higher in the video group (mean = 3.97) than the pamphlet group (mean = 3.60), adjusted mean difference = 0.32, 95 %CI 0.09 - 0.55, P < 0.001. Perceived tapering effectiveness and self-efficacy were both positively associated with post-intervention tapering intention (Spearman rank correlation coefficient = 0.38 and 0.53, respectively, both P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: A narrative-based video about opioid tapering enhanced patients' perceptions of the effectiveness of tapering and their tapering self-efficacy. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Narrative-based videos may be effective for changing patient attitudes about opioid tapering.

19.
Clin Genitourin Cancer ; 18(5): 367-377, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771334

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The primary objective of the present study was to avoid unnecessary prostate biopsy in biopsy-naive patients with Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System, version 2 (PI-RADS v2), score 3, lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed our prospectively maintained database from January 2012 to July 2018. Logistic regression analyses were performed to test different clinical factors as predictors of clinically significant prostate cancer (CSPCa) and build nomograms. Calibration curves were used to assess the concordance between the predictive value and the true risk. Decision curves were created to measure the overall net benefit. RESULTS: The prostate cancer (PCa) and CSPCa detection rates were 37.2% (81 of 218) and 23.9% (52 of 218) in the PI-RADS v2, score 3, cohort. More PCa cases (61.7%; 50 of 81) and CSPCa cases (75%; 39 of 52) were found in the peripheral zone than in the transitional zone. Multivariate analysis showed that age, prostate-specific antigen density, lesion region, and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) were predictive factors for CSPCa and PCa. Internally validated calibration curves showed that the predicted risk of CSPCa was closer to the actual probability when the threshold was > 60%. Decision curves showed that a better net benefit was achieved when the model was used to guide clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS: More cases of PCa and CSPCa were seen in the peripheral zone than in the transitional zone among patients with PI-RADS v2, score 3. The positive predictive value for a positive ADC (< 900 µm2/s) for the detection of CSPCa and PCa improved with an increasing prostate-specific antigen density. Biopsy can be avoided if the equivocal lesion has a negative ADC (> 900 µm2/s) and was in the transition zone.

20.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 166: 112471, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777726

RESUMO

The infection and spread of pathogens (e.g., COVID-19) pose an enormous threat to the safety of human beings and animals all over the world. The rapid and accurate monitoring and determination of pathogens are of great significance to clinical diagnosis, food safety and environmental evaluation. In recent years, with the evolution of nanotechnology, nano-sized graphene and graphene derivatives have been frequently introduced into the construction of biosensors due to their unique physicochemical properties and biocompatibility. The combination of biomolecules with specific recognition capabilities and graphene materials provides a promising strategy to construct more stable and sensitive biosensors for the detection of pathogens. This review tracks the development of graphene biosensors for the detection of bacterial and viral pathogens, mainly including the preparation of graphene biosensors and their working mechanism. The challenges involved in this field have been discussed, and the perspective for further development has been put forward, aiming to promote the development of pathogens sensing and the contribution to epidemic prevention.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Grafite , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/patogenicidade , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Grafite/química , Humanos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Nanotecnologia , Vírus/genética , Vírus/patogenicidade
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