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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630263

RESUMO

Eco-tourism has become increasingly popular in the postmodern era. However, the management of tourism waste remains a major challenge for tourist destinations worldwide. Here, a non-participatory survey was conducted in five famous scenic spots in Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon National Park in Motuo County, Tibet, to characterize the waste composition and the amount of average daily production per capita during sightseeing. In addition, interviews were conducted at 26 restaurants and 32 hotels in Motuo Town (the administrative center of Motuo County), and data on the composition and amount of average daily production per capita of waste generated by tourists during accommodation and meals were obtained. The total amount of tourism waste in Motuo County in 2018 was approximately 172,108.82 kg. Based on the data collected, an emergy analysis was applied to emergy calculations of the pollution and losses generated during two conventional and locally used tourism waste disposal methods. According to China's emergy to money ratio (EMR) of 2018, the emergy was converted into its monetary value. The theoretical ecological compensation standard for Motuo County was 4,293,568.99 CNY (equivalent to 648,830.20 USD), and the average ticket price for a single tourist was 18.87 CNY (equivalent to 2.85 USD) in the absence of government fiscal transfer payments. These findings should be utilized by local national park authorities to establish a market-oriented ecological compensation mechanism that is capable of alleviating environmental pressure.

3.
J Proteome Res ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625228

RESUMO

It is a challenging work to screen, identify, and quantify acylcarnitines in complex biological samples. A method, based on the retention time (RT) prediction and data-independent acquisition strategies, was proposed for the large-scale identification of acylcarnitines using liquid chromatography coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS). Relative cumulative eluotropic strength was introduced as a novel descriptor in building a linear prediction model, which not only solves the problem that acylcarnitines with long carbon chains cannot be well predicted in traditional models but also proves its robustness and transferability across instruments in two data sets that were acquired in distinct chromatography conditions. The accessibility of both predictive RT and MS2 spectra of suspect features effectively reduced about 30% false-positive results, and consequently, 150 and 186 acylcarnitines were identified in the rat liver and human plasma (NIST SRM 1950), respectively. This method provides a new approach in large-scale analysis of acylcarnitine in lipidomic studies and can also be extended to the analysis of other lipids.

4.
Oncogene ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33564072

RESUMO

Despite the widespread use of the blockade of immune checkpoints, for a significant number of cancer patients, these therapies have proven ineffective, presumably due to the immunosuppressive nature of the tumor microenvironment (TME). Critical drivers of immune escape in the TME include tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), which not only mediate immune suppression, but also facilitate metastatic dissemination and impart resistance to immunotherapies. Thus, strategies that convert them into tumor fighters may offer great therapeutic potential. In this study, we evaluated whether pharmacologic modulation of macrophage phenotype by HDAC inhibitors (HDACi) could produce an anti-tumor effect. We demonstrated that low-dose HDACi trichostatin-A (TSA) markedly reshaped the tumor immune microenvironment by modulating the suppressive activity of infiltrating macrophages and inhibiting the recruitment of MDSCs in various tumors. These actions, in turn, augmented anti-tumor immune responses and further enhanced anti-tumor effects of immunotherapies. HDAC inhibition, however, also upregulated PD-L1, thereby limiting the beneficial therapeutic effects. Indeed, combining low-dose TSA with anti-PD-L1 in this model significantly enhanced the durability of tumor reduction and prolonged survival of tumor-bearing mice, compared with the effect of either treatment alone. These data introduce HDAC inhibition as a potential means to harness the anti-tumor potential of macrophages in cancer therapy.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538860

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to apply the cytokine IL-36γ to cancer immunotherapy by constructing new oncolytic vaccinia viruses (OV) expressing interleukin-36γ (IL-36γ-OVs), leveraging unique synergism between OV and IL-36γ's ability to promote antitumor adaptive immunity and modulate tumor microenvironment (TME). IL-36γ-OV had dramatic therapeutic efficacies in multiple murine tumor models, frequently leading to complete cancer eradication in large fractions of mice. Mechanistically, IL-36-γ-armed OV induced infiltration of lymphocytes and dendritic cells, decreased myeloid-derived suppressor cells and M2-like tumor-associated macrophages, and T cell differentiation into effector cells. Further study showed that IL-36γ-OV increased the number of tumor antigen-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and the therapeutic efficacy depended on both CD8+ and CD4+ T cells. These results demonstrate that these IL36γ-armed OVs exert potent therapeutic efficacy mainly though antitumor immunity and they may hold great potential to advance treatment in human cancer patients.

7.
Environ Res ; 195: 110779, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33516687

RESUMO

On March 24, 2015, a political bureau meeting of the Communist Party of China Central Committee first proposed the political task of "greening" and placed unprecedented importance on the construction of an ecological civilization, aiming to guide China's economy and society toward green and low carbon development. This study aims to examine the impact of this "greening" policy on China's climate change mitigation. First, from an emissions reduction perspective, this study interprets greening as the process of constantly strengthening society's awareness and willingness regarding emissions reduction. Then, this study incorporates a carbon abatement willingness factor into a nonparametric model, and quantitatively simulates the impact of greening on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions reduction in China. The results show that China can rapidly decrease its CO2 emissions in the early stages of greening. However, when greening passes a certain stage, it no longer affects CO2 emissions. Thus, the willingness to reduce emissions has a diminishing marginal effect on emissions reduction. Additionally, throughout the greening process, China is expected to reduce its CO2 emissions by 36.08%, or 3718.50 million tons. Finally, the impact of greening on China's CO2 emissions exhibits spatial variation, as its undeveloped western region can achieve greater CO2 emissions reductions by promoting greening. Base on the above results, corresponding policy implications are also provided at the end of this paper.

8.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 50, 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Muscle stem cells (MuSCs) are absolutely required for the formation, repair, and regeneration of skeletal muscle tissue. Increasing evidence demonstrated that tissue stem cells, especially mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), can exert therapeutic effects on various degenerative and inflammatory disorders based on their immunoregulatory properties. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) treated with interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were reported to possess anti-inflammatory functions by producing TNF-stimulated gene 6 (TSG-6). However, whether human muscle stem cells (hMuSCs) also possess TSG-6 mediated anti-inflammatory functions has not been explored. METHODS: The ulcerative colitis mouse model was established by subjecting mice to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water for 7 days. hMuSCs were pretreated with IFN-γ and TNF-α for 48 h and were then transplanted intravenously at day 2 of DSS administration. Body weights were monitored daily. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and TSG-6 in hMuSCs were knocked down with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA), respectively. Colon tissues were collected for length measurement and histopathological examination. The serum level of IL-6 in mice was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis were performed to evaluate gene expression. RESULTS: hMuSCs treated with inflammatory factors significantly ameliorated inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) symptoms. IDO and TSG-6 were greatly upregulated and required for the beneficial effects of hMuSCs on IBD. Mechanistically, the tryptophan metabolites, kynurenine (KYN) or kynurenic acid (KYNA) produced by IDO, augmented the expression of TSG-6 through activating their common receptor aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). CONCLUSION: Inflammatory cytokines-treated hMuSCs can alleviate DSS-induced colitis through IDO-mediated TSG-6 production.

9.
Carbohydr Polym ; 256: 117603, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483083

RESUMO

Organic matter pollution and heavy metal pollution have become one of the main problems in water recycling, and the strategy to simultaneously remove soluble organic matter and metal ions is crucial for sewage treatment. In this study, multilayer calcium Alginate beads (n-Alg-DBs-Bas) containing Diatom Biosilica (DBs) and Bacillus subtilis (Bas) were designed as microecologics for sewage treatment. The introduction of DBs in beads and the multilayer structure could promote Bas growth, prolong the stability of the beads, and enhance the adsorption of beads, further improve the sewage treatment efficiency. The organic matter degradation of 3 layered Alg-DBs-Bas reached to 68.23 ± 0.95 % of COD and 58.88 ± 0.84 % of NH4+-N, and the metal ion adsorption was up to 119.31 mg/g for Fe3+, 110.81 mg/g for Zn2+ and 141.34 mg/g for Cu2+. The prepared multilayer calcium alginate beads combined organic matter degradation and metal ions absorption, which is significant for environmental applications.

10.
Chemosphere ; 263: 127877, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32835969

RESUMO

Select phenols are known to possess hormone-disrupting properties, but no previous study has addressed the potential effects of prenatal exposure to phenol mixtures on fetal reproductive hormones and children's second to fourth digit (2D: 4D) ratio, a marker for in utero testosterone (T) exposure. We aimed to explore interrelations of prenatal phenol exposures individually and in mixtures, cord serum reproductive hormones, and 2D: 4D ratio of children aged 10 years. Urinary 11 phenol concentrations were determined from 392 pregnant women participating in a longitudinal birth cohort. We estimated associations of prenatal phenol exposures individually and in mixtures with cord reproductive hormones and children's 2D:4D ratio using three statistical approaches, including generalized linear models (GLMs), elastic net regression (ENR) models and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) models. In female newborns, the three models showed that maternal triclosan (TCS) concentrations were significantly negatively associated with cord serum T levels [regression coefficient (ß) = -0.076, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.138, -0.013; p = 0.018]. Additionally, maternal urinary bisphenol A (BPA) levels were related to decreases in 2D:4D ratio of the left hand in girls by GLMs (ß = -0.003, 95% CI: 0.007, -0.001; p = 0.024) and ENR models, but not BKMR models. We provided evidence that prenatal TCS exposure predicted lower cord serum T levels, and maternal BPA exposure was related to decreased 2D:4D ratio of the left hand in females.


Assuntos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Idoso , Teorema de Bayes , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Exposição Materna , Fenóis/toxicidade , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Gigascience ; 9(12)2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plums are one of the most economically important Rosaceae fruit crops and comprise dozens of species distributed across the world. Until now, only limited genomic information has been available for the genetic studies and breeding programs of plums. Prunus salicina, an important diploid plum species, plays a predominant role in modern commercial plum production. Here we selected P. salicina for whole-genome sequencing and present a chromosome-level genome assembly through the combination of Pacific Biosciences sequencing, Illumina sequencing, and Hi-C technology. FINDINGS: The assembly had a total size of 284.2 Mb, with contig N50 of 1.78 Mb and scaffold N50 of 32.32 Mb. A total of 96.56% of the assembled sequences were anchored onto 8 pseudochromosomes, and 24,448 protein-coding genes were identified. Phylogenetic analysis showed that P. salicina had a close relationship with Prunus mume and Prunus armeniaca, with P. salicina diverging from their common ancestor ∼9.05 million years ago. During P. salicina evolution 146 gene families were expanded, and some cell wall-related GO terms were significantly enriched. It was noteworthy that members of the DUF579 family, a new class involved in xylan biosynthesis, were significantly expanded in P. salicina, which provided new insight into the xylan metabolism in plums. CONCLUSIONS: We constructed the first high-quality chromosome-level plum genome using Pacific Biosciences, Illumina, and Hi-C technologies. This work provides a valuable resource for facilitating plum breeding programs and studying the genetic diversity mechanisms of plums and Prunus species.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(12): 5325-5335, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374048

RESUMO

To study the composition characteristics and sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Shijiazhuang City, three national control points were selected to conduct VOCs sampling and analysis from March 2017 to January 2018. The correlation of VOCs through combination with meteorological and ground-level O3 data, and the sources of VOCs were analyzed by positive matrix factorization (PMF). To quantify the pollution period of O3 in summer, its temporal sequence characteristics were studied by wavelet analysis. During the sampling period, the average concentration of ambient total VOCs (TVOCs) was (137.23±64.62) µg·m-3. Haloalkanes were the most dominant VOC compounds, accounting for 31.77% of total VOCs mass, followed by aromatic (30.97%) and oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs, 23.76%). The seasonal variation in VOC concentration followed the trend in winter (187.7 µg·m-3) > autumn (146.8 µg·m-3) > spring (133.24 µg·m-3) > summer (107.1 µg·m-3); the concentration of VOCs shows a trend of increasing gradient from west to east. The O3 concentration correlated negatively with VOCs and NO2, and positively with temperature, sunshine duration, wind speed, and visibility. Changes in meteorological elements were concerned before the occurrence of ozone pollution in summer, especially in 4-5 days in June and 7-8 days during July to August after the occurrence of increasing temperature. Finally six potential sources of VOCs were quantified by the PMF model, including from gasoline emissions (24.78%), diesel vehicle emissions (24.69%), solvent usage (18.64%), the chemical industry (11.87%), regional background (10.84%), and the pharmaceutical industry (9.17%). Ozone formation potential (OFP) contribution of emission sources of gasoline and diesel vehicles (54.98%) was over half of the total contribution. Meanwhile, these findings illustrated that control of vehicle emissions and industrial sources would be an important way to reduce VOCs concentrations and improve air quality in Shijiazhuang.

13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 6139469, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381563

RESUMO

Osteoporosis (OP) is a common bone metabolic disease, the process of which is fundamentally irreversible. Therefore, the investigation into osteoblastic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) will provide more clues for OP treatment. In the present study, we found that microRNA-187-5p (miR-187-5p) played a key role on osteoblastic differentiation, which was significantly upregulated during osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in mice. Moreover, overexpression of miR-187-5p suppressed osteoblastic differentiation of BMSCs through increasing alkaline phosphatase (ALP), matrix mineralization, and levels of Osterix (OSX), and osteopontin (OPN) as well as runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) in vitro. The results in vivo indicated that the upregulation of miR-187-5p enhanced the efficacy of new bone formation in the heterotopic bone formation assay. Luciferase reporter assay and western blot analysis revealed that miR-187-5p was involved in osteogenesis by targeting intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1). Furthermore, ICAM-1 silence inhibited osteoblastic differentiation of BMSCs. Taken together, our results suggested for the first time that miR-187-5p may promote osteogenesis by targeting ICAM-1, and provided a possible therapeutic target for bone metabolic diseases.

14.
ACS Chem Biol ; 2020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222436

RESUMO

Profiling RNA expression in a cell-specific manner continues to be a grand challenge in biochemical research. Bioorthogonal nucleosides can be utilized to track RNA expression; however, these methods currently have limitations due to background and incorporation of analogs into undesired cells. Herein, we design and demonstrate that uracil phosphoribosyltransferase can be engineered to match 5-vinyluracil for cell-specific metabolic labeling of RNA with exceptional specificity and stringency.

15.
Opt Lett ; 45(22): 6206-6209, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186951

RESUMO

A white-lighting and wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM)-visible light communication (VLC) system with over 20 m of free-space distance and 3 m of lighting distance is demonstrated via a red/green/blue (R/G/B) triple-source polarization-multiplexing scheme, transmission gratings, and an engineered diffuser with a double-convex lens. Integrating four-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM4) with a triple-source polarization-multiplexing scheme, the aggregate transmission rate is noticeably enhanced to 300 Gb/s [50Gb/sPAM4/source×3sources×2polarizations (p- and s-polarizations)]. White-light is produced by multiplexing the R/G/B lights with two transmission gratings and separated by demultiplexing them using the other two transmission gratings. By adopting an engineered diffuser with a double-convex lens, the white-light is diffused over 3 m of free-space distance to provide general white-light illumination (>100lux). This demonstrated white-lighting and WDM-VLC system meets a high aggregate transmission rate with a qualified indoor lighting target. It opens up a new category for lighting and communication.

16.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(6): 255, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178353

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant bone tumor with a poor prognosis. Accumulated evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) may function as either oncogenes or tumor suppressors, which are associated with tumorigenesis and the progression of different types of cancer. In the present study, the role of miR-208a-3p in OS was investigated. The expression levels of miR-208a-3p in OS tissues and cell lines were determined via reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). MTT and colony formation assays were performed to verify the proliferation rate of OS cells. In addition, the effects of miR-208a-3p on the migration and invasion of OS cells were revealed using wound-healing and Transwell assays, respectively. Furthermore, the association between miR-208a-3p and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) 3'-untranslated region was determined via luciferase reporter assays, western blot and RT-qPCR analysis. The results indicated that miR-208a-3p was upregulated in OS tissues and cell lines compared with adjacent normal tissues and human osteoblastic cells, respectively. miR-208a-3p overexpression promoted and miR-208a-3p knockdown inhibited OS cells proliferation and metastatic potential. Additionally, PTEN was validated as a direct target of miR-208a-3p and its expression was negatively associate with that of miR-208a-3p in OS cells. Taken together, these results may suggest that miR-208a-3p promoted OS cells proliferation and metastatic potential via targeting PTEN. Therefore, miR-208a-3p may be considered as a diagnostic biomarker for OS.

17.
Nanoscale ; 12(45): 23266-23273, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206092

RESUMO

Detection of the antiferromagnetic (AFM) state is an important issue for the application of two-dimensional (2D) antiferromagnets in spintronics, and interfacial exchange coupling is a highly efficient means to detect AFM order. However, there are no experimental reports of AFM state detection in van der Waals heterostructures, based on which 2D AFM spintronics can be developed. In this paper, we report a spin flop transition (SFT)-induced anomalous Hall effect in a heterostructure of MnPS3/graphite flake (GF) through van der Waals proximity coupling. The scaling behavior study and theoretical calculations confirm that the SFT in AFM MnPS3 can generate momentum-space nonzero Berry curvature integration in the adjacent GF. Our work opens a path for the realization of AFM state detection through the proximity effect in a stacking structure, thereby promoting the application of 2D antiferromagnets in future 2D spintronics.

18.
Environ Pollut ; : 115121, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139099

RESUMO

Polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PBDD/Fs), as the secondary environmental pollutants of the widely used brominated flame retardants (BFRs), possess the similar physicochemical and toxic properties as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). However, studies on human body exposure to them are extremely limited. In this study, forty human milk samples collected in Shanghai were measured for 13 PBDD/F congeners using gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-HRMS), to investigate their exposure level and characteristics, potential source and corresponding health risks to breastfed infants. The results showed no PBDDs but three PBDF congeners including 2,3,7,8-TBDF, 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpBDF and OBDF (mean concentration (detection rates) are 3.2 pg/g (72.5%), 9.5 pg/g (100%) and 28 pg/g (67.5%), respectively) were detected. The average toxic equivalent quantity (TEQ, 0.42 pg/g lw) presented the highest concentration level compared to other regions reported. The contribution of PBDFs to the total TEQ of PBDD/Fs and PCDD/Fs is 6.8%. The correlation between PBDD/Fs and age or dietary habits was not observed, which normally existed in their chlorinated analogues-PCDD/Fs. Significant correlations were observed between PBDFs and highly brominated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) (especially for BDE 183 and BDE 209). The correlation between PCDD/Fs and PBDFs was not observed except 2,3,7,8-TBDF. The high PBDFs exposure in Shanghai may originate from the emission of PBDEs and/or non-PBDE BFRs in environment, according to the consistency of the environmental data previously reported. The average estimated dietary intakes (EDI) for breastfed infants is 2.0 pg TEQ/kg·bw/day (0.13-13 pg TEQ/kg·bw/day), within the range of the tolerable daily intake (TDI) for TCDD (1-4 pg TEQ/kg·bw/day) suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO). However, given the high toxicity of PBDD/Fs, the potential health risks of these pollutants for breastfed infants should be of concern.

19.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098334

RESUMO

Guava (Psidium guajava) is an important fleshy-fruited tree of the Myrtaceae family that is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas of the world and has attracted considerable attention for the richness of ascorbic acid in its fruits. However, studies on the evolution and genetic breeding potential of guava are hindered by the lack of a reference genome. Here, we present a chromosome-level genomic assembly of guava using PacBio sequencing and Hi-C technology. We found that the genome assembly size was 443.8 Mb with a contig N50 of ~15.8 Mb. We annotated a total of 25 601 genes and 193.2 Mb of repetitive sequences for this genome. Comparative genomic analysis revealed that guava has undergone a recent whole-genome duplication (WGD) event shared by all species in Myrtaceae. In addition, through metabolic analysis, we determined that the L-galactose pathway plays a major role in ascorbic acid biosynthesis in guava fruits. Moreover, the softening of fruits of guava may result from both starch and cell wall degradation according to analyses of gene expression profiles and positively selected genes. Our data provide a foundational resource to support molecular breeding of guava and represent new insights into the evolution of soft, fleshy fruits in Myrtaceae.

20.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(11): 4936-4947, 2020 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124237

RESUMO

The multi-environment media of water, surface soil and vadose zone soil samples were collected in the upstream of Miyun Reservoir, in the Luanping Basin of Chengde City, Hebei Province. The aim was to identify the pollution source, ratio, spatial distribution, migration, and transformation characteristics of nitrogen in groundwater. Hydrogeochemistry, soil total nitrogen, and dissolved nitrate nitrogen of vadose zone soil analysis and a multi isotope tracer technique of δ15 N-NO3 and δ18O-NO3, δ34S-SO4 and δ18O-SO4, δ14 C, combined with land-use type analysis and geostatistics, were used in the study. The results showed that nitrate was the main form of nitrogen in the groundwater of the Luanping Basin. The NO3- concentration of groundwater was significantly correlated with the land-use types of residential land and cultivated land where the nitrate pollution of shallow groundwater was mainly distributed. Of the groundwater samples, 13.79% exceeded the National Standard Ⅲ for Groundwater (GB/T 14848-2017) of NO3- concentration value, while the excess multiple was 1.04-3.86, and 37.93% of the groundwater samples exceeded the World Health Organization NO3- concentration standard value. The excess multiple was 1.08-6.83. The spatial variation of groundwater NO3- concentration, soil total nitrogen and surface soil dissolved nitrate nitrogen of vadose zone was affected by the combination of natural structural factors and anthropogenic factors. The source of groundwater nitrate was mainly from livestock manure and domestic sewage, followed by chemical fertilizer leaching. The nitrogen cycle in the aeration zone-groundwater-dominated nitrogen circulation in the groundwater runoff area of the piedmont basin was nitrification. These findings are highly significant for the prevention and remediation of groundwater pollution when viewing the basin system as an independent unit, and for studying the sources and fate of nitrate pollution in the water environment.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Nitratos/análise , Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
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