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1.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 614: 92-99, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35576683

RESUMO

Hepatic carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of death in cancer patients, and its incidence is on the rise. The prerequisite for the deterioration of liver cancer is the malignant migration and invasion of cancer cells, and in this study the C12orf75 gene was firstly showed that it has high expression characteristics in six HCC cell lines. By bioinformatics analysis, the up-regulation of C12orf75 was negatively correlated with the survival rate of HCC patients. CCK-8 and flow cytometry experiments indicated C12orf75 had no effect on cell proliferation, apoptosis and cycle of HuH-7 and Hep G2 cell lines, respectively. However, transwell assay showed that downregulation of C12orf75 gene could obviously inhibit invasion and migration of liver cancer cell. At the same time, this regulation process has been verified to involve the participation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. As a result, all these results showed that C12orf75 gene was a oncogene in liver cancer, which maybe a novel screening and diagnosing biomarker for patients with liver cancer, and this is of great significance for the development of targeted drugs for liver cancer patients.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 435: 128957, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490631

RESUMO

Nitritation process with ammonia-oxidizing bacteria frequently suffers inhibition from heavy metals in industrial wastewater treatment. However, As(III), one of the most toxic metalloids, showed slight inhibition though the arsenic accumulation content in the sludge reached 91.8 mg L-1 in this study. Here, we combined long-term reactor operation with microbiological analyses to explore the slight inhibition mechanisms of As(III) on nitritation consortia. The results showed that no obvious changes induced by As(III) occurred in apparent characteristics and morphology of the nitritation consortia, whereas dosing As(III) induced shifts in the arsenic speciation and microbial community. 84.1% of As(III) was oxidized to As(V) in the acclimated sludge, decreasing the toxicity of As(III) to nitritation consortia. Insight to the microbial community, the relative abundances of Thermaceae and Phycisphaeraceae responsible for As(III) oxidation were increased to 7.4% and 6.6% under the stress of high-concentration As(III), respectively. Further, these increased arsenite-oxidizing bacteria probably accepted electron acceptor NO2- from ammonia-oxidizing bacteria to oxidize As(III). Our results indicated that microbial As(III) oxidation was the dominant detoxification pathway, providing new insights into nitritation characteristics under long-term As(III) stress.

3.
Front Oncol ; 12: 679115, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35515109

RESUMO

Background: This meta-analysis aimed to determine the prognostic impact of microscopically positive margins (R1) on primary gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Methods: A literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for studies up to 23 November 2020. The pooled disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) between R1 and negative margins (R0) were estimated using a random-effects model. Results: Twenty studies with 6,465 patients were included. Compared with R0 resection, R1 was associated with poor DFS in patients who did not receive adjuvant Imatinib (HR: 1.62, 95% CI: 1.26-2.09; P = 0.48, I2 = 0%; reference: R0). This negative impact of R1 disappeared with the use of adjuvant Imatinib (HR: 1.23, 95% CI: 0.95-1.60; P = 0.38, I2 = 6%; reference: R0). R1 was related to poor DFS in gastric GISTs (HR: 2.15, 95% CI: 1.15-5.02, I2 = 0%; reference: R0), which was attenuated in the subgroup of adjuvant Imatinib (HR: 2.24, 95% CI: 0.32-15.60; P = 0.84, I2 = 0%; reference: R0). Rectal GIST with R1 margin who even received adjuvant Imatinib still had poor DFS (HR: 3.79, 95% CI: 1.27-11.31; P = 0.54, I2 = 0%; reference: R0). Patients who underwent R1 resection had similar OS compared with those underwent R0 resection regardless of the use of adjuvant Imatinib. Conclusion: R1 was associated with poor DFS for primary GISTs, which was attenuated by adjuvant therapy with Imatinib. Similar result was observed in the gastric GISTs subgroup. Rectal GIST patients with R1 resection had poor DFS even when they received adjuvant Imatinib. The R1 margin did not influence the OS of GISTs.

4.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 15: 820664, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35465093

RESUMO

Our previous studies have clarified that red nucleus (RN) interleukin (IL)-6 is involved in the maintenance of neuropathic pain and produces a facilitatory effect by activating JAK2/STAT3 and ERK pathways. In this study, we further explored the immune molecular mechanisms of rubral IL-6-mediated descending facilitation at the spinal cord level. IL-6-evoked tactile allodynia was established by injecting recombinant IL-6 into the unilateral RN of naive male rats. Following intrarubral administration of IL-6, obvious tactile allodynia was evoked in the contralateral hindpaw of rats. Meanwhile, the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IL-1ß, and IL-6 were elevated in the contralateral spinal dorsal horn (L4-L6), blocking spinal TNF-α, IL-1ß, or IL-6 with neutralizing antibodies relieved IL-6-evoked tactile allodynia. Conversely, the levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) and IL-10 were reduced in the contralateral spinal dorsal horn (L4-L6), an intrathecal supplement of exogenous TGF-ß, or IL-10 attenuated IL-6-evoked tactile allodynia. Further studies demonstrated that intrarubral pretreatment with JAK2/STAT3 inhibitor AG490 suppressed the elevations of spinal TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 and promoted the expressions of TGF-ß and IL-10 in IL-6-evoked tactile allodynia rats. However, intrarubral pretreatment with ERK inhibitor PD98059 only restrained the increase in spinal TNF-α and enhanced the expression of spinal IL-10. These findings imply that rubral IL-6 plays descending facilitation and produces algesic effect through upregulating the expressions of spinal pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 and downregulating the expressions of spinal anti-inflammatory cytokines TGF-ß and IL-10 by activating JAK2/STAT3 and/or ERK pathways, which provides potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of pathological pain.

5.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 4151-4162, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35465306

RESUMO

Purpose: To analyze the factors influencing the progression of myopia in adolescents receiving orthokeratology. Methods: This prospective cohort study collected the data of 378 myopia patients receiving orthokeratology. The follow-up time was 12 months ranging from December 2015 to December 2019. The group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM) was used to identify similar developmental trajectories in the levels of uncorrected visual acuity and changes of axial length elongation. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore the influencing factors of myopia development in patients wearing orthokeratology. Results: There was no factor having effect on visual acuity (left) and visual acuity (right) in different trajectories (all P>0.05). The corneal curvature K1 (left) (OR=0.382, 95% CI: 0.188-0.776), corneal curvature K2 (left) (OR=0.362, 95% CI: 0.187-0.699), degree of spherical refraction (left) (OR=0.139, 95% CI: 0.082-0.235) and spherical equivalent (left) (OR=7.276, 95% CI: 3.724-14.215) were factors associated with the changes of axial length elongation (left). The corneal curvature K1 (right) (OR=0.260, 95% CI: 0.116-0.585), corneal curvature K2 (left) (OR=0.272, 95% CI: 0.121-0.610) and degree of spherical refraction (right) (OR=0.129, 95% CI: 0.068-0.244) were correlated with the changes of axial length elongation (right). All P<0.05. Conclusion: Orthokeratology is a promising method for controlling the progression of myopia. The corneal curvature, degree of spherical refraction and spherical equivalent were factors influencing the changes of axial length elongation in myopia patients wearing orthokeratology. The findings might give a reference for the application of orthokeratology in clinic.

6.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 2054, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440119

RESUMO

The resolution of chromatin conformation capture technologies keeps increasing, and the recent nucleosome resolution chromatin contact maps allow us to explore how fine-scale 3D chromatin organization is related to epigenomic states in human cells. Using publicly available Micro-C datasets, we develop a deep learning model, CAESAR, to learn a mapping function from epigenomic features to 3D chromatin organization. The model accurately predicts fine-scale structures, such as short-range chromatin loops and stripes, that Hi-C fails to detect. With existing epigenomic datasets from ENCODE and Roadmap Epigenomics Project, we successfully impute high-resolution 3D chromatin contact maps for 91 human tissues and cell lines. In the imputed high-resolution contact maps, we identify the spatial interactions between genes and their experimentally validated regulatory elements, demonstrating CAESAR's potential in coupling transcriptional regulation with 3D chromatin organization at high resolution.


Assuntos
Cromatina , Epigenômica , Cromatina/genética , Cromossomos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico
7.
Adv Ther ; 2022 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462602

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate clinicopathologic features and prognosis of post-complete resection in patients with PDGFRA-mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and even to establish a relapse-free survival (RFS) prognostic model for this subgroup. METHODS: This retrospective study used data from patients with primary PDGFRA-mutant GIST who underwent complete resection (2005-2019) at 16 large-scale medical centers in China. Stepwise multivariate Cox regression models were performed to build the prediction model, in which the potential predictors were available in routine clinical practice and using the risk score functions. The prediction model was cross-validated by calibration histogram and time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: A total of 280 patients with PDGFRA-mutant (172 D842V-mutant and 108 non-D842V-mutant) GIST after complete resection were enrolled. Most tumors originated in the stomach (89.6%). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year RFS rates were 95.9%, 91.2%, and 89.5%, respectively. The RFS of the non-D842V-mutant group was superior to that of the D842V group (P = 0.033). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that D842V mutation (P = 0.017), non-gastric tumor (P < 0.001), and Ki-67 > 5% (P = 0.005) were the independent variables influencing the prognosis of patients with PDGFRA-mutant GIST. The scoring model showed the predicted and actual cumulative 1-, 3- and 5-year follow-up relapse rates fit well. CONCLUSIONS: PDGFRA-mutant GIST mostly originated in the stomach and had a favorable prognosis after surgery. Non-D842V-mutant patients might have better prognoses than D842V-mutant patients. The prognostic model demonstrated favorable prediction accuracy, suggesting its clinical utility.

8.
Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35467329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although newly formed constructs of feasible pressure-preadjusted bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) showed biomechanical flexibility and superior capacity for cartilage regeneration, it is still not very clear how BMSCs and seed cells feel mechanical stimuli and convert them into biological signals, and the difference in signal transduction underlying mechanical and chemical cues is also unclear. METHODS: To determine whether mechanical stimulation (hydrostatic pressure) and chemical cues (platelet-rich fibrin, PRF) activate canonical or noncanonical Wnt signaling in BMSCs, BMSCs cocultured with PRF were subjected to hydrostatic pressure loading, and the activation of the Wnt signaling molecules and expression of cartilage-associated proteins and genes were determined by western blotting and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Inhibitors of canonical or noncanonical Wnt signaling, XVX-939 or L690,330, were adopted to investigate the role of Wnt signaling molecules in mechanically promoted chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs. RESULTS: Hydrostatic pressure of 120 kPa activated both Wnt/ß-catenin signaling and Wnt/Ca2+ signaling, with the the maximum promotion effect at 60 min. PRF exerted no synergistic effect on Wnt/ß-catenin signaling activation. However, the growth factors released by PRF might reverse the promotion effects of pressure on Wnt/Ca2+ signaling. Real-time PCR and Western blotting results showed that pressure could activate the expression of Col-II, Sox9, and aggrecan in BMSCs cocultured with PRF. Blocking experiment found a positive role of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, and a negative role of Wnt/Ca2+ signaling in chondrogenic differentiation of the BMSCs. Mutual inhibition exists between canonical and noncanonical Wnt signaling in BMSCs under pressure. CONCLUSION: Wnt signaling participates in the pressure-promoted chondrogenesis of the BMSCs co-cultured with PRF, with canonical and noncanonical pathways playing distinct roles during the process.

9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 5602, 2022 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379865

RESUMO

In recent years, Hybrid Cellular Automata Method (HCAM) has been successfully applied to solve structural topology optimization problems. However, there was no report on HCAM research of three-dimensional composite structure composed of multiple materials and multiple bodies. Therefore, in this paper, three-dimensional non-cube cells of irregular size (such as tetrahedral cells with adaptive changes inside length) and Finite Element Method (FEM) are introduced to extend HCAM, which is better and more flexibly to fit complex geometric shapes. Furthermore, a better structure configuration of multi-material and multi-body structure is obtained. The typical example study showed that the proposed topology optimization method could effectively remove the redundant materials of multi-material and multi-body structure, and the optimized structure configuration could still meet the requirements of the original condition after geometric reconstructed. Thus it provided a reference for the intelligent design of other products.


Assuntos
Projetos de Pesquisa
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365964

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the expression of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and bioinformatics characteristics of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS: Gene chip data of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy were searched from the GEO database with bioinformatics method, and GSE46157 gene chip was downloaded. Differentially expressed genes in normal pregnant placenta tissue and ICP pregnant placenta tissue (bile acid concentration > 40 µmol/L) were screened by GEO2R. Functional annotation (GO) and pathway analysis (KEGG) were performed with DAVID. STRING online database and Cytoscape software were used for protein interaction network analysis. Maternal serum NPY level of 63 cases of ICP pregnant women and 20 normal pregnant women were investigated by ELISA. RESULTS: After screening 3896 differential genes and protein interaction, the top 14 hub genes were selected with nine up-regulated and five down-regulated genes. ICP patients were divided into three subgroups according to serum TBA and ALT levels. Maternal serum NPY levels of pregnant women in ICP subgroups 1, 2, and 3 were significantly higher than those in the normal pregnant women. The number of premature births, meconium-staining amniotic fluid, neonatal asphyxia, and NICU admission was significantly higher in the ICP subgroup 1 than in the ICP subgroups 2 and 3, and than in the normal pregnant women. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that many differentially expressed genes and signaling pathways are involved in the pathophysiological procedure of ICP. NPY could be a new biomarker of ICP.

11.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 72(2): 312-316, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35320184

RESUMO

Breast cancer cells exhibit deregulated metabolism. They require increased glucose uptake and glycolysis-associated enzymes to produce adenosine triphosphate by aerobic glycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation. Glutamine metabolism and fatty acid synthesis are also enhanced to meet the rapid and sustained cell growth. Triple-negative breast cancer and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-positive breast cancers demonstrate significant metabolic reprogramming with increased levels of glucose and glutamine metabolism. Increasing evidences also suggest that micro-ribonucleic acids play important roles in the regulation of metabolic enzymes of breast cancer cells in post-transcriptional manner. Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 and oestrogen receptor signalling pathways could have crosstalk with micro-ribonucleic acids in metabolic regulation network. The current narrative review was planned to go through recent advances on the role of micro-ribonucleic acids on metabolic reprogramming in breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Feminino , Glucose , Glicólise , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
12.
Insect Sci ; 2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35312233

RESUMO

Cuticle is not only critical for protecting insects from noxious stimuli but is also involved in a variety of metabolic activities. Cuticular proteins (CPs) affect cuticle structure and mechanical properties during insect growth, reproduction, and environmental adaptation. Here, we describe the identification and characterization of a member of the RR-1 subfamily of CPs with an R&R consensus (CPR) in Tribolium castaneum (TcCPR69). Although it was previously reported to be highly expressed in the wings, we found that knocking down TcCPR69 by RNA interference (RNAi) did not cause obvious wing abnormalities but markedly disrupted the growth and metamorphosis of beetles with 100% cumulative mortality; additionally, the chitin content of the pharate adult was decreased and the new abdominal cuticle was significantly thinner before molting. TcCPR69 showed chitin-binding ability and the expression levels of key genes involved in chitin metabolism (trehalase [TcTRE], chitin synthase [TcCHSA and TcCHSB], and chitinase [TcCHT5 and TcCHT10]) were also decreased by TcCPR69 knockdown. TcCPR69 gene expression peaked shortly after molting and was increased 2.61 fold at 12 h after 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) injection. This was reversed by RNAi of the ecdysone-related genes ecdysone receptor (TcECR) and fushi tarazu transcription factor 1 (TcFTZ-F1). These results indicate that TcCPR69 is positively regulated by 20E signaling to contribute to cuticle formation and maintain chitin accumulation during the growth and metamorphosis of beetles.

13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 206: 422-434, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35245573

RESUMO

C-type lectins (CTLs) play vital roles in invertebrates' innate immunity. Six CTL-X type lectins are identified in Tribolium castaneum. However, their functions and regulating mechanisms remain elusive. Here, TcCTL12, one CTL-X, was identified and cloned from T. castaneum. Spatiotemporal expression profiling revealed that TcCTL12 highly expressed in late pupa and early adult of T. castaneum in comparison with other developmental stages, and exhibited the highest expression level in the haemolymph and central nervous system (CNS). Then, the expression of TcCTL12 was remarkably induced by the stimulation of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Moreover, the recombinant protein TcCTL12 could bind pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) including LPS and PGN, and displayed agglutinative activity to both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in a calcium-dependent manner in vitro. Furthermore, RNAi of TcCTL12 caused T. castaneum pupation and eclosion defected. The abnormal pupa thinned their epidermal, and appeared the abnormal development of muscle cell compared with the control group. Additionally, depletion of TcCTL12 resulted in reducing fertility of offspring and affected their fecundity. In sum, these results indicated that TcCTL12 had extensive functions in the regulation of development in T. castaneum, in addition to the immune response. It further expanded insights into CTL functions in insects.


Assuntos
Tribolium , Animais , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Imunidade Inata , Pupa/metabolismo , Tribolium/metabolismo
14.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 45(5): 553-560, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35315366

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer-related mortality, and it has a high risk of early recurrence and distant metastasis. The prerequisite for the deterioration of NSCLC is the malignant proliferation and migration of cancer cells, and in this study Astragalus membranaceus polysaccharides (APS) was firstly showed that it could decrease the cell proliferation of A549 and NCI-H1299. Through bioinformatics analysis, the up-regulation of miR-195-5p was positively correlated with the survival rate of lung cancer patients. Real-time PCR indicated APS could increase the expression level of miR-195-5p, and the miR-195-5p inhibitor was used to verify that it could reverse the inhibitory effect of Astragalus polysaccharide on lung cancer cell migration and invasion. Therefore, we believe that APS could inhibit the proliferation and migration of NSCLC cells by regulating miR-195-5p, which laid the foundation for further research on the functional mechanism of miR-195-5p in NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Regulação para Cima
15.
Tissue Cell ; 76: 101771, 2022 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35279605

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pregnancy complication. However, the pathogenesis of ICP is currently unclear. METHODS: We analyzed the placenta samples of 10 normal and 10 ICP pregnant women. the expressions of circ0060731, miR-21-5p, and their downstream target genes PDCD4, ESR1, and apoptotic protein cleaved-caspase3 were detected in the cell model. RESULTS: The expression of Circ_0060731, PDCD4, ESR1, and caspase-3 was higher in the ICP placenta tissue than in the control group, and the expression of miR-21-5p was lower in the ICP group than in the control group. In HTR8/Svneo cells treated with TCA, the expression/levels of Circ_0060731, PDCD4, ESR1, and caspase-3 were significantly higher in the ICP group than in the control group, and miR-21-5p was significantly lower in the ICP group than in the control group. Lentiviral knockdown of miR-21-5p significantly increased the expressions of its downstream genes of PDCD4 and ESR1, and also increased cell apoptosis. Overexpression of miR-21-5p significantly reduced the expression of PDCD4 and ESR1 and reduced cell apoptosis. The dual-luciferase experiment showed that both PDCD4 and ERS1 were the target genes of miR-21-5p. CONCLUSION: Circ_0060731 mediated miR-21-5p-PDCD4/ESR1 pathway could induce apoptosis of placental trophoblasts in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.

16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 9(11): e2105556, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35146963

RESUMO

Developing efficient and stable water adsorbents for adsorption-driven heat transfer technology still remains a challenge due to the lack of efficient strategies to enhance low-pressure water uptakes. The authors herein demonstrate that the immobilization of Lewis basic nitrogen sites into metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can improve water uptake and target benchmark coefficient of performances (COPs) for cooling and heating. They present the water sorption properties of a chemically stable MOF (termed as Zr-adip), designed by incorporating hydrophilic nitrogen sites into the adsorbent MIP-200. Zr-adip exhibits S-shaped sorption isotherms with an extremely high water uptake of 0.43 g g-1  at 303 K and P/P0  = 0.25, higher than MIP-200 (0.39 g g-1 ), KMF-1 (0.39 g g-1 ) and MOF-303 (0.38 g g-1 ). Theoretical calculations reveal that the incorporated N sites can serve as secondary adsorption sites to moderately interact with water, providing more binding sites to strengthen the water binding affinity. Zr-adip achieves exceptionally high COPs of 0.79 (cooling) and 1.75 (heating) with a low driving temperature of 70 °C, outperforming MIP-200 (0.78 and 1.53) and KMF-1 (0.75 and 1.74). Combined with its ultrahigh stability, excellent cycling performance, and easy regeneration, Zr-adip represents one of the best water adsorbents for adsorption-driven cooling and heating.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 128(3): 035501, 2022 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35119892

RESUMO

We present a theorem on the compatibility upon deployment of kirigami tessellations restricted on a spherical surface with patterned slits forming freeform quadrilateral meshes. We show that the spherical kirigami tessellations have either one or two compatible states, i.e., there are at most two isolated strain-free configurations along the deployment path. The theorem further reveals that the rigid-to-floppy transition from spherical to planar kirigami tessellations is possible if and only if the slits form parallelogram voids along with vanishing Gaussian curvature, which is also confirmed by an energy analysis and simulations. On the application side, we show a design of bistable spherical domelike structure based on the theorem. Our study provides new insights into the rational design of morphable structures based on Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35133965

RESUMO

We propose a new incompressible NavierStokes solver based on the impulse gauge transformation. The mathematical model of our approach draws from the impulsevelocity formulation of NavierStokes equations, which evolves the fluid impulse as an auxiliary variable of the system that can be projected to obtain the incompressible flow velocities at the end of each time step. We solve the impulse-form equations numerically on a Cartesian grid. At the heart of our simulation algorithm is a novel model to treat the impulse stretching and a harmonic boundary treatment to incorporate the surface tension effects accurately. We also build an impulse PIC/FLIP solver to support free-surface fluid simulation. Our impulse solver can naturally produce rich vortical flow details without artificial enhancements. We showcase this feature by using our solver to facilitate a wide range of fluid simulation tasks including smoke, liquid, and surface-tension flow. In addition, we discuss a convenient mechanism in our framework to control the scale and strength of the fluids turbulent effects.

19.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 1927260, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35126807

RESUMO

Increased neutrophil recruitment represents a hallmark event in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury due to the ensuing inflammatory response. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are important regulatory molecules involved in cell physiology and pathology. Herein, we analyzed the role of a novel circRNA circ_SMG6 in the regulation of neutrophil recruitment following I/R injury, which may associate with the miR-138-5p/EGR1/TLR4/TRIF axis. Myocardial I/R injury was modeled in vivo by ligation of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery followed by reperfusion in mice and in vitro by exposing a cardiomyocyte cell line (HL-1) to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were performed to evaluate the effect of the circ_SMG6/miR-138-5p/EGR1/TLR4/TRIF axis on cardiac functions, myocardial infarction, myocardial enzyme levels, cardiomyocyte activities, and neutrophil recruitment. We found that the EGR1 expression was increased in myocardial tissues of I/R mice. Knockdown of EGR1 was found to attenuate I/R-induced cardiac dysfunction and infarction area, pathological damage, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Mechanistic investigations showed that circ_SMG6 competitively bound to miR-138-5p and consequently led to upregulation of EGR1, thus facilitating myocardial I/R injury in mice and H/R-induced cell injury. Additionally, ectopic EGR1 expression augmented neutrophil recruitment and exacerbated the ensuing I/R injury, which was related to the activated TLR4/TRIF signaling pathway. Overall, our findings suggest that circ_SMG6 may deteriorate myocardial I/R injury by promoting neutrophil recruitment via the miR-138-5p/EGR1/TLR4/TRIF signaling. This pathway may represent a potential therapeutic target in the management of myocardial I/R injury.


Assuntos
Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Animais , Antagomirs/metabolismo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/genética , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/veterinária , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , RNA Circular/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
20.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2022 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35147840

RESUMO

To compare the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) vs bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (B-TURP) in treating patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Clinical trials of ThuLEP and B-TURP in treating BPH were searched systematically by using PubMed, Cochrane Library databases, and EMBASE (until May 2021). The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses checklist was followed. The datum was calculated by Review Manager version 5.3.0. Four articles including 782 patients were studied in this analysis. The analysis discovered that there was no significant difference in operative time and percentage of tissue removed between ThuLEP and B-TURP. But the intraoperative irrigated volume and postoperative hemoglobin (Hb) decrease in the ThuLEP group was significantly less compared with the B-TURP group. The catheterization time and hospitalization duration in the B-TURP group was significantly longer than that in the ThuLEP group. Compared with those before treatment, the micturition indexes of the two groups improved significantly. But no significant difference was identified between ThuLEP and B-TURP for the variation of international prostate symptom score, quality of life, maximum flow rate, and post-void residual. By analyzing the postoperative complications, there were no significant discrepancies between ThuLEP and B-TURP in the incidence of blood transfusion, recatheterization, transient incontinence, bladder neck contracture, and urethral stricture. The micturition indexes and clinical symptoms were significantly improved after ThuLEP and B-TURP for patients with BPH. However, ThuLEP was more effective than B-TURP in terms of intraoperative irrigated volume, postoperative Hb decrease, catheterization time, and hospitalization duration.

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