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J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 719-730, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383067


The efficient removal of toxic metal ions from waste water is of critical importance in environmental protection. In this study, we report the incorporation of graphene oxide (GO) into bacterial cellulose (BC) and the effect on the removal of metal ions from waste water. The as-prepared BC/GO adsorbents have a three-dimensional (3D) network structure with interconnected pores and high porosity. The adsorption capacities and efficiencies of the BC/GO adsorbents with varying GO contents were compared by using Cu2+, Cd2+, and Pb2+ as model heavy metal ions. The incorporated GO into the BC/GO adsorbents plays a critical role in removing metal ions through strong electrostatic interactions between the positive metal ions and the negative functional groups on GO. In addition, the effects of pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, and ion concentration on the adsorption behavior of the BC/GO adsorbents were investigated. The data from adsorption kinetics indicate that the adsorption of Cu2+, Cd2+, and Pb2+ on BC/GO obeys a pseudo-second-order model, while the adsorption isotherms vary with the type of metal ions. The desorption and readsorption experiments of the BC/GO adsorbents demonstrate good recyclability. It has been demonstrated that incorporating GO into BC is an effective way to improve the adsorption behavior of BC.

Viral Immunol ; 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381497


The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has not been widely used in developing countries because of its high cost and multiple subtype restrictions. The present study aimed to develop an economical, convenient, and effective vaccine to produce neutralizing antibodies. Using late protein 1 (L1) from the HPV16 subtype as the target antigen (HPV16L1) and Pichia pastoris as the antigen release system, integrated P. pastoris expressing HPV16L1 (named yeast-HPV16L1) was prepared and vaccinated directly into mice by subcutaneous multipoint injection. After immunization was performed thrice, high titers (greater than 1:40,960) of specific anti-HPV16L1 antibodies were obtained in immune serum and were observed to continuously rise over time. The indirect hemagglutination test and indirect hemagglutination inhibition test were used to detect neutralizing antibody activity in vitro, and the results demonstrated the hemagglutination ability of the immune serum and the reduction in or loss of the hemagglutination ability if preneutralized antigen was added to the immune serum. The protection conferred by immune serum to tumor-bearing mice at the early stages was confirmed, but the neutralizing activity disappeared when the tumor reached a size of 1 mm3. The neutralization activity of the immune serum was confirmed both in vitro and in vivo.

PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220846, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404098


BACKGROUND: Inflammatory cytokines enhanced the progress of the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis, however the mechanisms remain unclear. The objective is to determine aquaporins (AQPs) in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Primary rat articular chondrocytes were treated with IL-1ß to mimic the early stage of osteoarthritis in vitro. Early osteoarthritis animal model was established by intra-articular injection of 4% papain. Micro- or ultra-structure histopathologic changes, cell viability, apoptosis cells and cell membrane permeability, locations and expressions of AQP1 and AQP3 and matrix were detected in the cartilage or in the chondrocytes of knee. IL-1ß could reduce the chondrocytes viability, increase the apoptosis cells, and also impair the cell membrane and organelles. IL-1ß significantly induced the up-regulation of AQP1 and AQP3 in the chondrocytes. In the chondrocytes, AQPs were mainly clustered in both membrane and perinuclear region of cytoplasm, while higher AQPs were detected in the superficial and middle layers of the cartilage. With the up-regulation of AQPs, the cartilage matrix was considerably decreased in both the chondrocytes and in the osteoarthritis cartilage. In the early osteoarthritis rat model, serum and synovial fluid confirmed that higher IL-1ß could increase the expressions of AQPs, and decrease the cartilage matrix in both the chondrocytes and the cartilage. CONCLUSIONS: Inflammatory cytokine IL-1ß via up-regulation of AQPs caused the abnormal metabolism of water transport and loss of the cartilage matrix in the chondrocytes, and ultimately exacerbated the pathogenesis of early osteoarthritis. Therefore, AQPs may be a candidate therapeutic target for prevention and treatment of osteoarthritis.

Viral Immunol ; 30(7): 508-515, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28436740


To prepare the dominant multiepitope fusion antigen ROP2-SAG1 (RSmultiepitope) from Toxoplasma gondii in a prokaryotic system, the major immunodominant region (MIR) of the human hepatitis B virus core antigen (HBcAg(MIR)) was used as a delivery vector. The gene encoding the RSmultiepitope was inserted into HBcAg(MIR), and rHBcAg(MIR)-RSmultiepitope was prepared, purified, and administered to BALB/c mice through intradermal injection. An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis based on a multiepitope peptide facilitated the specific differentiation of sera obtained from mice immunized with the rHBcAg(MIR)-RSmultiepitope protein, and high titers (greater than 1:6,400) of specific anti-RSmultiepitope antibodies were obtained. Immunized splenocytes demonstrated enhanced IFN-γ production. Based on these results, the HBcAg(MIR) vector is easily applied in vitro for targeting the RSmultiepitope and efficiently presents this target epitope for the induction of significant humoral and cellular immune responses. This study offers a novel strategy for the design of a target epitope delivery system for a toxoplasmosis vaccine.