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1.
Chem Eng J ; 431: 134005, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899039

RESUMO

With the outbreak of COVID-19, microbial pollution has gained increasing attention as a threat to human health. Consequently, many research efforts are being devoted to the development of efficient disinfection methods. In this context, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) stands out as a green and broad-spectrum disinfectant, which can be produced and sprayed in the air directly by cavitation in ultrasonic nebulisation. However, the yield of H2O2 obtained by ultrasonic nebulisation is too low to satisfy the requirements for disinfection by spraying and needs to be improved to achieve efficient disinfection of the air and objects. Herein, we report the introduction of a zinc layer into an ultrasonic nebuliser to improve the production of H2O2 and generate additional Zn2+ by self-corrosion, achieving good disinfecting performance. Specifically, a zinc layer was assembled on the oscillator plate of a commercial ultrasonic nebuliser, resulting in a 21-fold increase in the yield of H2O2 and the production of 4.75 µg/mL Zn2+ in the spraying droplets. When the generated water mist was used to treat a bottle polluted with Escherichia coli for 30 min, the sterilisation rate reached 93.53%. This ultrasonic nebulisation using a functional zinc layer successfully enhanced the production of H2O2 while generating Zn2+, providing a platform for the development of new methodologies of spray disinfection.

2.
Eur J Cancer ; 161: 119-127, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911640

RESUMO

AIM: The lung is the most common site of metastasis for gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). However, the level of influence of lung metastases on the prognosis of GTN and the degree to which lung metastases are considered in assessments of disease treatment options are unclear. Moreover, it is unclear which characteristics of lung metastases impact the disease. In this study, we evaluated the influence of lung metastases on the clinical course of GTN and identified lung imaging characteristics that impact treatment outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on GTN patients treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2002 and 2018. The baseline characteristics, first-line treatment outcomes and final outcomes of patients with lung metastases (Group 1) and those without lung metastases (Group 2) were compared. RESULTS: The emergence of resistance occurred significantly more frequently in Group 1 (n = 994) than in Group 2 (n = 570) (19.52% versus 14.56%, p = 0.019), and the death rate was higher in Group 1 (0.91% versus 0%, p = 0.031). Among the patients treated with multi-agent chemotherapy, the rate of resistance and the number of treatment courses were significantly higher in Group 1 than in Group 2 (p = 0.002 and < 0.001, respectively). The lung imaging characteristics that impacted prognosis included the number of nodules, whether there were multiple nodules or a single nodule, and the number of nodules sized >1 cm. Multivariate analysis showed that a nodule measuring ≥1.8 cm was an independent risk factor for first-line treatment resistance and recurrence. CONCLUSION: Although pulmonary metastases do not affect overall survival in GTN patients, the presence of lung metastases before treatment is associated with increased risk of disease recurrence and resistance to first-line multidrug chemotherapy, especially when pulmonary nodules are larger than 1.8 cm. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: N.A.

3.
Food Chem ; 368: 130829, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411858

RESUMO

In this paper, an innovative method for the sensitive detection of new coccine using N, P-doped carbon quantum dots (N,P-CQDs) as fluorescent nanosensor is reported for the first time. The sensing mechanism is based on the fluorescence quenching of N,P-CQDs by new coccine through inner filter effect (IFE). N,P-CQDs were prepared by simple hydrothermal treatment of citric acid, phosphoric acid and ethylenediamine. Under the optimal conditions, the new coccine has two good linear responses in the concentration range of 0.2-100 and 100-200 µM, and the detection limits are as low as 24.8 and 9.4 nM, respectively. Our developed nanosensor has been successfully used for the determination of new coccine in food samples with good precision and high accuracy. This work highlights the economic, rapid, simple, selective and ultra-sensitive for new coccine detection, and opens up a new way for the monitoring of new coccine in actual food samples.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Compostos Azo , Carbono , Naftalenossulfonatos , Nitrogênio , Fósforo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
4.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 734392, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869635

RESUMO

Objectives: To determine whether pre-operative cerebral small vessel disease is associated with cerebral hyperperfusion (CH) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Methods: Seventy-seven patients (mean age of 66 years and 58% male) undergoing CEA for carotid stenosis were investigated using brain MRI before and after surgery. CH was defined as an increase in cerebral blood flow > 100% compared with pre-operative values on arterial spin labeling MR images. The grade or the number of four cerebral small vessel disease markers (white matter hyperintensities, lacunes, perivascular spaces, and cerebral microbleeds) were evaluated based on pre-operative MRI. Cerebral small vessel disease markers were correlated with CH by using multivariate logistic regression analysis. The cutoff values of cerebral small vessel disease markers for predicting CH were assessed by receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis. Results: CH after CEA was observed in 16 patients (20.78%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that white matter hyperintensities (OR 3.09, 95% CI 1.72-5.54; p < 0.001) and lacunes (OR 1.37, 95% CI 1.06-1.76; p = 0.014) were independently associated with post-operative CH. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis showed that Fazekas score of white matter hyperintensities ≥3 points [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.84, sensitivity = 81.3%, specificity = 73.8%, positive predictive value (PPV) = 44.8% and negative predictive value (NPV) = 93.8%] and number of lacunes ≥ 2 (AUC = 0.73, sensitivity = 68.8%, specificity = 78.7%, PPV = 45.8% and NPV = 90.6%) were the optimal cutoff values for predicting CH. Conclusion: In patients with carotid stenosis, white matter hyperintensities and lacunes adversely affect CH after CEA. Based on the NPVs, pre-operative MR imaging can help identify patients who are not at risk of CH.

5.
Br J Radiol ; : 20210918, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study explored the value of preoperative CT radiomics in predicting lymphovascular invasion (LVI) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 294 pathologically confirmed ESCC patients undergoing surgical resection and their preoperative chest-enhanced CT arterial images were used to delineate the target area of the lesion. All patients were randomly divided into a training cohort and a validation cohort at a ratio of 7:3. Radiomics features were extracted from single-slice, three-slice, and full-volume regions of interest (ROIs). The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression method was applied to select valuable radiomics features. Radiomics models were constructed using logistic regression method and were validated using leave group out cross-validation (LGOCV) method. The performance of the three models was evaluated using the receiver characteristic curve (ROC) and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: A total of 1218 radiomics features were separately extracted from single-slice ROIs, three-slice ROIs, and full-volume ROIs, and 16, 13 and 18 features, respectively, were retained after optimization and screening to construct a radiomics prediction model. The results showed that the AUC of the full-volume model was higher than that of the single-slice and three-slice models. According to LGOCV, the full-volume model showed the highest mean AUC for the training cohort and the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: The full-volume radiomics model has the best predictive performance and thus can be used as an auxiliary method for clinical treatment decision making. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: LVI is considered to be an important initial step for tumor dissemination. CT radiomics features correlate with LVI in ESCC and can be used as potential biomarkers for predicting LVI in ESCC.

6.
Brain Behav ; : e32418, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34843170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For detecting mild cognitive impairment (MCI), brief cognitive screening tools are increasingly required for the advantage of time saving and no need for special equipment or trained raters. We aimed to develop a modified Chinese version of Mini-Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (C-MACE) and further evaluate its validation in detecting MCI. METHODS: A total of 716 individuals aged from 50 to 90 years old were recruited, including 431 cognitively normal controls (NC) and 285 individuals with MCI. The effect size of Cramer's V was used to explore which items in the Chinese version of Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-III (ACE-III-CV) best associated with MCI and to form the C-MACE. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were carried out to explore the ability of C-MACE, ACE-III-CV, Chinese version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Basic (MoCA-BC), and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in discriminating MCI from NC. RESULTS: Five items with greatest effect sizes of Cramer's V were selected from ACE-III-CV to form the C-MACE: Memory Immediate Recall, Memory Delayed Recall, Memory Recognition, Verbal Fluency Animal and Language Naming. With a total score of 38, the C-MACE had a satisfactory classification accuracy in detecting MCI (area under the ROC curve, AUC = 0.892), superior to MMSE (AUC = 0.782) and comparable to ACE-III-CV (AUC = 0.901) and MoCA-BC (AUC = 0.916). In the subgroup of Age > 70 years, Education ≤ 12 years, the C-MACE got a highest classification accuracy (AUC = 0.958) for detecting MCI. CONCLUSION: In the Chinese-speaking population, C-MACE derived from ACE-III-CV may identify MCI with a good classification accuracy, especially in aged people with low education.

7.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(11)2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34835222

RESUMO

The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects more than 95% of adults worldwide and is associated with various malignant tumors and immune diseases, imparting a huge disease burden on the human population. Available EBV vaccines are imminent. Prophylactic vaccines can effectively prevent the spread of infection, whereas therapeutic vaccines mainly stimulate cell-mediated immunity and kill infected cells, thus curbing the development of malignant tumors. Nevertheless, there are still no approved EBV vaccines after decades of effort. The complexity of the EBV life cycle, the lack of appropriate animal models, and the limited reports on adjuvant selection and immune responses are gravely impeding progress in EBV vaccines. The soluble gp350 vaccine could reduce the incidence of infectious mononucleosis (IM), which seemed to offer hope, but could not prevent EBV infection. Continuous research and vaccine trials provide deep insights into the structural biology of viruses, the designs for immunogenicity, and the evolving vaccine platforms. Moreover, the new vaccine candidates are expected to achieve further success via combined immunization to elicit both a dual protection of B cells and epithelial cells, and sustainable immunization against infected cells at several phases of infection.

8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6769, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819506

RESUMO

Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated CRISPR-Cas9 editing holds promise to treat many diseases. The immune response to bacterial-derived Cas9 has been speculated as a hurdle for AAV-CRISPR therapy. However, immunological consequences of AAV-mediated Cas9 expression have thus far not been thoroughly investigated in large mammals. We evaluate Cas9-specific immune responses in canine models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) following intramuscular and intravenous AAV-CRISPR therapy. Treatment results initially in robust dystrophin restoration in affected dogs but also induces muscle inflammation, and Cas9-specific humoral and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses that are not prevented by the muscle-specific promoter and transient prednisolone immune suppression. In normal dogs, AAV-mediated Cas9 expression induces similar, though milder, immune responses. In contrast, other therapeutic (micro-dystrophin and SERCA2a) and reporter (alkaline phosphatase, AP) vectors result in persistent expression without inducing muscle inflammation. Our results suggest Cas9 immunity may represent a critical barrier for AAV-CRISPR therapy in large mammals.

9.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 672394, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777239

RESUMO

Background: McCune-Albright syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by fibrous dysplasia, café au lait skin spots, and hyperfunctioning endocrinopathies. The coexistence of precocious puberty and growth hormone excess in McCune-Albright syndrome is rare. Both conditions can manifest as accelerated growth, and treatments can be more challenging for such patients. This study aimed to describe the clinical manifestations of combined GH excess and PP in the context of McCune-Albright syndrome and analyze the clinical features and treatments of these patients. Method: Clinical data from 60 McCune-Albright syndrome patients from Peking Union Medical College Hospital were obtained. The demographic characteristics, growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor-1, prolactin, alkaline phosphatase, and sex hormone levels; growth velocity; and bone age data were obtained. The growth velocity Z-score, bone age over chronological age ratio, and predicted adult height Z-score were calculated before and after treatment. Published studies and case reports were systemically searched, and data on demographic, clinical, and biochemical characteristics and treatment outcomes were obtained. Results: We reviewed seven patients among 60 McCune-Albright syndrome patients at Peking Union Medical College Hospital (5 female) and 39 patients (25 female) from the published literature. Six of the seven patients from Peking Union Medical College Hospital and half of the patients from the published studies were pediatric patients. These patients had increased growth velocity Z-scores and bone age over chronological age ratios. After good control of both conditions, the growth velocity Z-score and bone age over chronological age ratio decreased significantly, and the predicted adult height Z-score increased. The final heights and predicted adult height Z-scores were not impaired in patients with gigantism. All the patients had craniofacial fibrous dysplasia associated with optic and otologic complications. Conclusion: McCune-Albright syndrome with growth hormone excess and precocious puberty is more common in girls. Patients have accelerated linear growth and advanced skeletal age, and early and good control of both conditions leads to a reduced growth velocity and stabilized bone age. The predicted adult and final heights are not negatively affected when growth hormone excess is diagnosed in pediatric patients.

10.
Front Neurol ; 12: 731237, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721263

RESUMO

Objectives: In patients with carotid stenosis, to investigate the relationship between carotid intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) and total burden of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) and preliminarily explore whether the total CSVD burden as an imaging marker can distinguish the severity of clinical symptoms. Methods: A total of 108 patients (the mean age was 66 ± 7 years, and 85.2% were male) with unilateral carotid stenosis ≥50% underwent brain MRI and high-resolution MRI for carotid plaque characterization. The total burden of CSVD was calculated by accumulating one point according to the presence or severity of each of the four MRI markers: white matter hyperintensities, lacunes, perivascular spaces, and cerebral microbleeds. Recent clinical symptoms including transient ischemic attack, amaurosis fugax, and ischemic stroke were recorded. The association between intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) and total CSVD burden was examined adjusted for other risk factors. The symmetry of CSVD burdens between the ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres of IPH was tested. Imaging features (CSVD score, IPH, degree of stenosis, and completeness of the circle of Willis) were correlated with clinical symptoms by Kruskal-Wallis H test, Chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test. Results: Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that IPH (OR = 2.98, 95% CI [1.39, 6.40], p = 0.005) was independently associated with a higher CSVD score. The presence of unilateral IPH was associated with the inter-hemispheric CSVD score difference (p = 0.004). Patients with stroke had a higher ipsilateral CSVD score than asymptomatic patients (p = 0.004) and those with transient ischemic attack/amaurosis fugax (p = 0.008). The statistical difference was marginally significant between symptoms and IPH (p = 0.057). No statistical difference was found between the symptoms and degree of stenosis and the completeness of the circle of Willis (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Carotid IPH is associated with an elevated total burden of CSVD in patients with carotid stenosis. Compared with the degree of stenosis, primary collaterals, and IPH, the total CSVD score might be a more effective imaging marker linked with clinical symptoms.

11.
Opt Express ; 29(21): 33694-33702, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809176

RESUMO

Beam tracking-and-steering is crucial for the operation of high-speed, narrow beam, optical wireless communication (OWC) systems. Using a system based on two sets of low-cost cameras for continuous beam tracking and a set of mirrors for steering, we demonstrate here a high-capacity (>1Tbit/s) ten-channel wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) OWC system based on discrete multitone transmission. The results, which are achieved over a 3.5-m perpendicular distance and across a lateral coverage up to 1.8 m, constitute to the best of our knowledge, the highest aggregate OWC capacity at this coverage.

12.
Chem Biol Interact ; 351: 109746, 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780792

RESUMO

Human aldo-keto reductase family 1C1 (AKR1C1) is an important enzyme involved in human hormone metabolism, which is mainly responsible for the metabolism of progesterone in the human body. AKR1C1 is highly expressed and has an important relationship with the occurrence and development of various diseases, especially some cancers related to hormone metabolism. Nowadays, many inhibitors against AKR1C1 have been discovered, including some synthetic compounds and natural products, which have certain inhibitory activity against AKR1C1 at the target level. Here we briefly reviewed the physiological and pathological functions of AKR1C1 and the relationship with the disease, and then summarized the development of AKR1C1 inhibitors, elucidated the interaction between inhibitors and AKR1C1 through molecular docking results and existing co-crystal structures. Finally, we discussed the design ideals of selective AKR1C1 inhibitors from the perspective of AKR1C1 structure, discussed the prospects of AKR1C1 in the treatment of human diseases in terms of biomarkers, pre-receptor regulation and single nucleotide polymorphisms, aiming to provide new ideas for drug research targeting AKR1C1.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(91): 12131-12134, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723302

RESUMO

A clamp-like triplex switch (CTS) able to simultaneously downregulate an overexpressed onco-miRNA and replenish the lost tumor-suppressive miRNA in a controllable manner was developed for enhanced gene therapy. Compared to the "unidirectional" regulation approach, the CTS displayed improved anti-tumor efficacy in vitro and was harmless to healthy cells.

14.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 210: 107012, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to identify the appropriate evaluation time point and assessment forthe CSF tap test(TT) to predict the shunting responsiveness of patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). METHODS: Eighty-eight inpatients with clinically possible iNPH who underwent CSF TT at multiple time points (baseline, 8 hours, 24 hours, and 72 hours after CSF TT) at Peking Union Medical College Hospital were recruited. The multidomain assessment included the timed up and go test(TUG), 10-meter walking tests, and a brief executive function battery. Performance in multidomain assessment at the indicated time points were compared. The positive response rate and cumulative positive rate of multidomain assessment at multiple time points were calculated. And their corresponding specificity and sensitivity of predicting shunting response were calculated according to the follow-up results after shunting. RESULTS: The multidomain assessment performance except TUG at 8 hours were significantly improved at each time point after CSF TT compared with baseline (P<0.01). Reduction more than 10% in the 10-meter walking time and number of steps at 24 hours showed the highest specificity (both 85.7%) and sensitivity (37.5% and 46.7%, respectively) for predicting shunting response. Additionally, an improvement of more than 20% in the composite z score at 72 hours showed 100% specificity and 80% sensitivity for predicting shunting response. CONCLUSION: Multiple time points and multidomain assessment were helpful to identify more shunting responders. Executive function evaluation might be a candidate tool to increase the effectiveness of CSF TT.

15.
ACS Nano ; 15(10): 16913-16923, 2021 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647449

RESUMO

The advent of localization-based super-resolution ultrasound (SRUS) imaging creates a vista for precision vasculature and hemodynamic measurements in brain science, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. As blinking fluorophores are crucial to super-resolution optical imaging, blinking acoustic contrast agents enabling ultrasound localization microscopy have been highly sought, but only with limited success. Here we report on the discovery and characterization of a type of blinking acoustic nanodroplets (BANDs) ideal for SRUS. BANDs of 200-500 nm diameters comprise a perfluorocarbon-filled core and a shell of DSPC, Pluronic F68, and DSPE-PEG2000. When driven by clinically safe acoustic pulses (MI < 1.9) provided by a diagnostic ultrasound transducer, BANDs underwent reversible vaporization and reliquefaction, manifesting as "blinks", at rates of up to 5 kHz. By sparse activation of perfluorohexane-filled BANDs-C6 at high concentrations, only 100 frames of ultrasound imaging were sufficient to reconstruct super-resolution images of a no-flow tube through either cumulative localization or temporal radiality autocorrelation. Furthermore, the use of high-density BANDs-C6-4 (1 × 108/mL) with a 1:9 admixture of perfluorohexane and perfluorobutane supported the fast SRUS imaging of muscle vasculature in live animals, at 64 µm resolution requiring only 100 frames per layer. We anticipate that the BANDs developed here will greatly boost the application of SRUS in both basic science and clinical settings.


Assuntos
Piscadela , Meios de Contraste , Acústica , Animais , Imagem Óptica , Ultrassonografia
16.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 47(12): 3458-3469, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593278

RESUMO

This study sought to investigate the feasibility of using magnetic resonance-magnetic resonance-ultrasound (MR-MR-US) fusion imaging navigation (FIN) with needle tail intelligent positioning (NTIP) to guide puncture in percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED). First, in a pig experiment, we found that puncture errors in lumbar intervertebral foramen (LIF) puncture using magnetic resonance-magnetic resonance-ultrasound (MR-MR-US) FIN with NTIP for experienced and novice operators were 2.00 ± 1.00 and 2.57 ± 0.98 mm, respectively (p = 0.231), suggesting this technique was minimally dependent on experience. Then, two experienced surgeons agreed (inter-observer agreement к=0.801) that the quality of MR-MR fusion images was good or sufficient. Finally, we performed PTED in eight patients using MR-MR-US FIN with NTIP, and no significant complications were reported during LIF puncture. Overall, MR-MR-US FIN with NTIP may be a potential application for guiding puncture in PTED, but more clinical studies with a larger sample size are required to further evaluate the advantages of MR-MR-US FIN with NTIP.

17.
Assessment ; : 10731911211053851, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704455

RESUMO

Many clock drawing test (CDT) scoring systems focus on drawing results and lack drawing process assessments. This study created a CDT scoring procedure with drawing process assessment and explored its diagnostic value in screening for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early Alzheimer's disease (AD) from normal control (NC). We used logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to determine a new, sensitive scoring system for AD and MCI patients in a derivation cohort. The new scoring method was then compared to two common scoring systems and externally validated in a second cohort. We developed a new scoring system named CDT5, which contained one process assessment item: remember setting time without asking. Compared with two published scoring systems, CDT5 had better discriminatory power in distinguishing AD patients from NCs in derivation (area under the ROC curve [area under the curve, AUC] = .890) and validation (AUC = .867) cohorts. Three scoring systems had poor diagnostic accuracy at discriminating MCI patients from controls, with CDT5 being the most sensitive (78.57%). Adding the drawing process in CDT helps accurately detect patients with early AD, but its role in identifying patients with MCI needs to be further explored.

18.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 705030, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675796

RESUMO

Background: Hippocampal atrophy is a characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, alterations in structural connectivity (number of connecting fibers) between the hippocampus and whole brain regions due to hippocampal atrophy remain largely unknown in AD and its prodromal stage, amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Methods: We collected high-resolution structural MRI (sMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data from 36 AD patients, 30 aMCI patients, and 41 normal control (NC) subjects. First, the volume and structural connectivity of the bilateral hippocampi were compared among the three groups. Second, correlations between volume and structural connectivity in the ipsilateral hippocampus were further analyzed. Finally, classification ability by hippocampal volume, its structural connectivity, and their combination were evaluated. Results: Although the volume and structural connectivity of the bilateral hippocampi were decreased in patients with AD and aMCI, only hippocampal volume correlated with neuropsychological test scores. However, positive correlations between hippocampal volume and ipsilateral structural connectivity were displayed in patients with AD and aMCI. Furthermore, classification accuracy (ACC) was higher in AD vs. aMCI and aMCI vs. NC by the combination of hippocampal volume and structural connectivity than by a single parameter. The highest values of the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) in every two groups were all obtained by combining hippocampal volume and structural connectivity. Conclusions: Our results showed that the combination of hippocampal volume and structural connectivity (number of connecting fibers) is a new perspective for the discrimination of AD and aMCI.

19.
Ther Innov Regul Sci ; 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699046

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The status of lymph node metastasis (LNM) is highly correlated with the recurrence and survival outcomes of patients with lung cancer. Thus, a tool that predicts LNM could benefit patient treatment and prognosis. The present study established a new radiomic model by combining computed tomography (CT) radiomic features and clinical parameters to predict the LNM status in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Demographic parameters and clinical laboratory values were analyzed in 217 patients with stage I-IIIB NSCLC; 107 of the patients received CT scanning and radiomic characteristics were used for LNM assessment (76 in the training cohort and 31 in the validation cohort). The minimum redundancy maximum relevance (mRMR) and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression model were used to select the most predictive features on the basis of the 76 patients in the training set. The value of the area under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was adopted to determine the correlation between LN status and the radiomics signature in training cohorts and then validated in the 31 patients of validation set. The radiomics nomogram was analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was performed to evaluate the clinical utility of this model. RESULTS: This was a retrospective study. Five radiomic characteristics were significantly correlated with LNM in the two cohorts (P < 0.05). The radiomic nomogram that incorporated the above radiomic characteristics, the RDW, and the CT-based LN status had satisfactory discrimination and calibration in the training (AUC, 0.79; 95% CI 0.69-0.89) and validation cohorts (AUC, 0.70; 95% CI 0.50-0.89).The DCA showed that the developed nomogram had promising clinical utility. CONCLUSIONS: The developed nomogram, combined with preoperative radiomics evidence, the RDW, and the CT-based LN status, has the potential to preoperatively predict LNM with high accuracy and can facilitate the prediction of LN status for NSCLC patients.

20.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(4): 642-648, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494538

RESUMO

Arterial spin labeling is a noninvasive,quantitative method for perfusion imaging,which does not need any contrast media.This technique has been used in the renal perfusion analysis.In this article,we briefly introduced this technique and summarized its application in healthy volunteers,acute kidney injury,chronic kidney diseases,renovascular diseases,renal tumors,and renal transplantation.


Assuntos
Rim , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Perfusão , Imagem de Perfusão , Marcadores de Spin
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