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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011975

RESUMO

During a phylogenetic analysis of Sphingorhabdus and its closely related genera in the family Sphingomonadaceae, we found that the genus Sphingorhabdus and the species Sphingopyxis baekryungensis might not be properly assigned in the taxonomy. Phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characterizations clearly showed that the genus Sphingorhabdus should be reclassified into two genera (Clade I and Clade II), for which the original genus name, Sphingorhabdus, is proposed to be retained only for Clade I, and a new genus named as Parasphingorhabdus gen. nov. is proposed for Clade II with four new combinations: Parasphingorhabdus marina comb. nov., Parasphingorhabdus litoris comb. nov., Parasphingorhabdus flavimaris comb. nov. and Parasphingorhabdus pacifica comb. nov. Moreover, Sphingopyxis baekryungensis should represent a novel genus in the family Sphingomonadaceae, for which the name Novosphingopyxis gen. nov. is proposed, with a combination of Novosphingopyxis baekryungensis comb. nov. The study provides a new insight into the taxonomy of closely related genera in the family Sphingomonadaceae.

2.
Nat Mater ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32015536

RESUMO

We performed constant-potential molecular dynamics simulations to analyse the double-layer structure and capacitive performance of supercapacitors composed of conductive metal-organic framework (MOF) electrodes and ionic liquids. The molecular modelling clarifies how ions transport and reside inside polarized porous MOFs, and then predicts the corresponding potential-dependent capacitance in characteristic shapes. The transmission line model was adopted to characterize the charging dynamics, which further allowed evaluation of the capacitive performance of this class of supercapacitors at the macroscale from the simulation-obtained data at the nanoscale. These 'computational microscopy' results were supported by macroscopic electrochemical measurements. Such a combined nanoscale-to-macroscale investigation demonstrates the potential of MOF supercapacitors for achieving unprecedentedly high volumetric energy and power densities. It gives molecular insights into preferred structures of MOFs for accomplishing consistent performance with optimal energy-power balance, providing a blueprint for future characterization and design of these new supercapacitor systems.

3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(1): 319-325, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957410

RESUMO

Investigating the composition of food sources with stable isotope method can provide direct evidence for the top-down control in the coastal wetland. In this study, we examined food source and feeding habit of Helice tientsinensis of common reed (Phragmites australis) vegetation in high marsh of Yellow River Delta. The results showed that the density of crab was (5.5±1.5) ind·m-2, with the behavior of climbing P. australis to feed on the leaves at night. Under the same indoor experimental condition, H. tientsinensis showed feeding preference on fresh leaves of P. aus-tralis. The stable isotope food source analysis showed that the leaves of P. australis were one of the important food sources of H. tientsinensis in the field. There were temporal variations in the proportion of fresh leaves [May: (6.4±4.9)%, July: (5.8±4.9)%, September: (12.5±8.8)%] and dead leaves [May: (12.4±7.8)%, July: (15.5±9.9)%, September: (15.1±9.4)%]. Therefore, H. tientsinensis could inhibit P. australis's growth and affect litter decomposition through feeding disturbance behavior.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Áreas Alagadas , Animais , China , Hábitos , Poaceae , Rios
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909705

RESUMO

Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Sphingobium had shown that the type strains of Sphingobium paulinellae, Sphingobium algicola and Sphingobium limneticum shared a very close relationship between each other. The 16S rRNA gene sequences similarity values between each other ranged from 99.65 to 99.93 %. Whole genome sequencing was performed and genomic relatedness values between each pair of the species were 97.49-100 % (ANI) and 79.3-100 % (dDDH), respectively, all higher than the threshold values of 95-96 % ANI and 70 % dDDH suggested for species discrimination, and implicated that the type strains should belong to the same species of the genus Sphingobium. The phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characterizations performed in the original descriptions of S. paulinellae and S. algicola also supported the same conclusion. Due to priority of publication Sphingobium paulinellae and Sphingobium algicola Lee and Jeon 2017, should be taken as two later heterotypic synonyms of Sphingobium limneticum Chen et al. 2013. Correspondingly, the species description of Sphingobium limneticum was emended based on this study.

5.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999427

RESUMO

Using electrodes with subnanometer pores and ionic liquid electrolytes can improve the charge storage capacity at the expense of the charging rate. The fundamental understanding of the charging dynamics of nanoporous electrodes can help to avoid compromising the power density. In this work, we performed molecular dynamics simulations to reveal the charging mechanism of subnanometer pores in ionic liquids. Different from the traditional view that a smaller pore results in slower charging, a non-monotonic relation is found between the charging rate and pore size, in which the charging process is accelerated in some subnanometer pores. Our analysis uncovers that the mechanism of the charging enhancement can be attributed to the transition of in-pore ion structure.

7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(8): 3470-3476, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854752

RESUMO

Sanitary landfill is a commonly-used method for solid waste disposal. In the process of landfilling, e. g. dumping, stacking, pushing, and compacting, a large number of bioaerosols with pathogenic bacteria will be generated. That can result in air pollution and significant harm to human health if these pathogens are released into the air. Sampling sites were set up in a domestic waste sanitary landfill in North China to collect airborne bacteria in the air. Airborne bacteria, particle size distributions, and populations were analyzed, and the influence of meteorological parameters (temperature, relative humidity (RH), and wind speed (WS)) on the emission of airborne bacteria was also investigated. Results showed that the concentrations of airborne bacteria in the working area and the coverage area were (5437±572) CFU·m-3 and (2707±396) CFU·m-3, respectively. The emission level in the leachate treatment area was the highest, with an average of 9460 CFU·m-3. The concentration of airborne bacteria showed clear seasonal variation, being was much higher in summer than that in the other seasons. Redundancy analysis (RDA) demonstrated that RH, temperature, and WS affected the number of airborne bacteria in the air. The peaks in the airborne particle size distribution were 2.1-4.7 µm in the working area and 0.65-2.1 µm in the coverage area. Most of the airborne bacteria released from the leachate treatment processes were larger than 4.7 µm. Moraxellaceae, Bacillus aerius, Arcobacter, and Aeromonas were potential or opportunistic pathogens detected from the airborne bacteria samples. Effective measures should be taken to reduce the amount of bacterial aerosol emitted to the air in landfill working areas and in the leachate of treatment areas. Operators of landfill machinery and leachate treatment facilities should consider personal protection measures and should reduce their exposure to microbial aerosols in order to prevent disease.


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Ar , Bactérias , Monitoramento Ambiental , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos , China , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula
8.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1116, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729963

RESUMO

OBJECT: Glioma is a common malignant tumours in the central nervous system (CNS), that exhibits high morbidity, a low cure rate, and a high recurrence rate. Currently, immune cells are increasingly known to play roles in the suppression of tumourigenesis, progression and tumour growth in many tumours. Therefore, given this increasing evidence, we explored the levels of some immune cell genes for predicting the prognosis of patients with glioma. METHODS: We extracted glioma data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Using the Cell-type Identification by Estimating Relative Subsets of RNA Transcripts (CIBERSORT) algorithm, the relative proportions of 22 types of infiltrating immune cells were determined. In addition, the relationships between the scales of some immune cells and sex/age were also calculated by a series of analyses. A P-value was derived for the deconvolution of each sample, providing credibility for the data analysis (P < 0.05). All analyses were conducted using R version 3.5.2. Five-year overall survival (OS) also showed the effectiveness and prognostic value of each proportion of immune cells in glioma; a bar plot, correlation-based heatmap (corheatmap), and heatmap were used to represent the proportions of immune cells in each glioma sample. RESULTS: In total, 703 transcriptomes from a clinical dataset of glioma patients were drawn from the TCGA database. The relative proportions of 22 types of infiltrating immune cells are presented in a bar plot and heatmap. In addition, we identified the levels of immune cells related to prognosis in patients with glioma. Activated dendritic cells (DCs), eosinophils, activated mast cells, monocytes and activated natural killer (NK) cells were positively related to prognosis in the patients with glioma; however, resting NK cells, CD8+ T cells, T follicular helper cells, gamma delta T cells and M0 macrophages were negatively related to prognosis in the patients with glioma. Specifically, the proportions of several immune cells were significantly related to patient age and sex. Furthermore, the level of M0 macrophages was significant in regard to interactions with other immune cells, including monocytes and gamma delta T cells, in glioma tissues through sample data analysis. CONCLUSION: We performed a novel gene expression-based study of the levels of immune cell subtypes and prognosis in glioma, which has potential clinical prognostic value for patients with glioma.

9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4514, 2019 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586070

RESUMO

Nano-ordered intermetallic compounds have generated great interest in fuel cell applications. However, the synthesis of non-preciousearly transition metal intermetallic nanoparticles remains a formidable challenge owing to the extremely oxyphilic nature and very negative reduction potentials. Here, we have successfully synthesized non-precious Co3Ta intermetallic nanoparticles, with uniform size of 5 nm. Atomic structural characterizations and X-ray absorption fine structure measurements confirm the atomically ordered intermetallic structure. As electrocatalysts for the hydrazine oxidation reaction, Co3Ta nanoparticles exhibit an onset potential of -0.086 V (vs. reversible hydrogen electrode) and two times higher specific activity relative to commercial Pt/C (+0.06 V), demonstrating the top-level performance among reported electrocatalysts. The Co-Ta bridge sites are identified as the location of the most active sites thanks to density functional theory calculations. The activation energy of the hydrogen dissociation step decreases significantly upon N2H4 adsorption on the Co-Ta bridge active sites, contributing to the significantly enhanced activity.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428179

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of Gegen Dingxuan capsule on behavior, X-ray signs of the cervical spine, and levels of norepinephrine (NE), nitric oxide (NO), endothelin (ET-1), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the plasma of a rat model of cervical vertigo and additionally to clarify the underlying mechanisms of action. Method: A total of 40 male SPF Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to blank control, model, Sibelium, and Gegen Dingxuan capsule groups, with 10 rats in each group. A rat model of cervical vertigo was produced by physically damaging the cervical spine, thereby perturbing its stability. After cervical spine surgery, rats in the Sibelium and Gegen Dingxuan capsule groups were administered Sibelium and Gegen Dingxuan capsule, respectively. After 4 and 8 weeks of administration, balance beam test was used to assess behavior, lateral X-ray images of the cervical spine were taken and scored, and the plasma levels of NE, NO, ET-1, and CGRP were measured. Results: After 4 and 8 weeks of drug administration, the balance beam test scores in the Gegen Dingxuan capsule group were significantly higher than those in the Sibelium group. The radiographic scores were significantly lower in the Gegen Dingxuan capsule group than those in the Sibelium group at 8 weeks. Plasma NE, NO, ET-1 levels, and ET-1/CGRP ratio were significantly decreased in the Gegen Dingxuan capsule group compared with the model group. No significant difference was found between the Sibelium and Gegen Dingxuan capsule groups. Plasma CGRP levels were significantly increased in the Gegen Dingxuan capsule group compared with the model group and were significantly decreased compared with the Sibelium group. Conclusions: Gegen Dingxuan capsule improves behavior, radiographic scores, reduces plasma levels of NE, NO, ET-1, and the ET-1/CGRP ratio, and increases plasma CGRP levels. Gegen Dingxuan capsule may improve outcome in the rat model of cervical vertigo by ameliorating cervical facet joint disorder, relieving cervical muscle spasm and vasospasm, increasing blood supply, and regulating humoral factor levels.

11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3460-3464, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433291

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and non-motile strain, designated 18x22-1T, was isolated from a forest soil sample collected from Limushan Nature Reserve in Hainan Province, PR China. Growth occurred at 15-37 °C and pH 6.0-8.0 without NaCl. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses showed that strain 18x22-1T was closely related to Ramlibacter tataouinensis DSM 14655T (98.5 %), followed by Ramlibacter henchirensis DSM 14656T (97.9 %) and other Ramlibacter species and formed a stable cluster with R. tataouinensis DSM 14655T, R. henchirensis DSM 14656T, Ramlibacter solisilvae JCM 19319T and Ramlibacter rhizophilus CCTCC AB 2015357T. Results of chemotaxonomic analyses showed that ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) was the major respiratory quinone, and the major fatty acids (>10 % of the total amounts) were C16 : 0 and C17 : 0cyclo. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified aminopholipids and four unidentified phospholipids. The draft genome sequence was 4.47 Mb long with a G+C content of 68.9 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 18x22-1T and four closely related type strains were in the range of 79.3-82.3 % and 21.9-25.1 %, respectively. The results of phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses supported that strain 18x22-1T represents a novel species of the genus Ramlibacter, for which the name Ramlibacterhumi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 18x22-1T (=GDMCC 1.1584T=KCTC 52922T).


Assuntos
Florestas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Comamonadaceae/classificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Clima Tropical , Ubiquinona/química
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(8): 2452-2458, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166165

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, yellow-pigmented, oxidase-positive and rod-shaped bacterium, designated PRB40T, was isolated from the Godavari River in India during the course of 'Kumbh Mela', the world's largest mass gathering event. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain PRB40T formed a lineage within the family Sphingomonadaceae and was distinct from the most closely related genera Sphingorhabdus, Novosphingobiumand Sphingomonas with sequence similarity values ≤95.2 %. Growth of strain PRB40T occurred at 10-40 °C (optimum 30 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (pH 7.0) and with 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl concentration (0 %). The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). It contained C17 : 1ω6c, C14 : 0 2-OH, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) as the major cellular fatty acids. The predominant polar lipids were phospholipid, phosphatidylethanolamine and sphingoglycolipid. It took sym-homospermidine as the major polyamine. The DNA G+C content based on its draft genome sequence was 63.7 mol%. The polyphasic taxonomic analyses indicated that strain PRB40T represents a novel species of a novel genus within the family Sphingomonadaceae, for which the name Chakrabartia godavariana gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Chakrabartia godavariana is PRB40T (=MCC 3406T=GDMCC 1.1197T=KCTC 52678T=LMG 29985T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rios/microbiologia , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Índia , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Microbiologia do Solo , Espermidina/análogos & derivados , Espermidina/química , Sphingomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/química
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(7): 2142-2146, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120828

RESUMO

An aerobic, non-motile, Gram-stain-negative, red-to-pinkish and rod-shaped bacterium, designated 9PBR-2T, was isolated from an abandoned lead-zinc ore sample collected from Meizhou, Guangdong Province, PR China. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 9PBR-2T belongs to the genus Hymenobacter and was most closely related to Hymenobacter rigui KCTC 12533T (98.0 %), Hymenobacter swuensis KCTC 32018T (97.8 %) and Hymenobacter perfusus LMG 26000T (97.6 %). The calculated average nucleotide identity values based on whole genome sequences between strain 9PBR-2T and closely related type strains ranged from 81.3 to 84.1 %. Correspondingly, the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values ranged from 25.5 to 28.1 %. The major fatty acids of strain 9PBR-2T were iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0, C16:1ω5c, summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c) and summed feature 4 (iso-C17:1 I and/or anteiso-C17:1 B). It contained menaquinone 7 (MK-7) as the major isoprenoid quinone and phosphatidylethanolamine as the major polar lipid. The genomic DNA G+C content based on whole genome sequence was 59.8 mol%. Characterization based on phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic analyses clearly indicated that strain 9PBR-2T represents a novel species of the genus Hymenobacter, for which the name Hymenobactermetallilatus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 9PBR-2T (=GDMCC 1.1492T=JCM 32699T).


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae/classificação , Mineração , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Cytophagaceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Chumbo , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química , Zinco
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(8): 2214-2219, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066661

RESUMO

A novel slowly growing member of the genus Sphingomonas, designated 1PNM-20T, was isolated from an abandoned lead-zinc mine in Meizhou, Guangdong Province, PR China. A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed to characterize the novel strain. Growth occurred on Reasoner's 2A (R2A) agar and peptone-yeast extract (PYE) agar, but not in liquid R2A or PYE media. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and motile with a polar flagellum (monotrichous). 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison showed that it shared the highest similarity with Sphingomonas carriPR0302T (97.2 %), followed by Sphingomonas spermidinifaciens 9NM-10T (97.0 %), Sphingomonas floccifaciens FQM01T (97.0 %) and other species of Sphingomonas (<97 %). Phylogenetic analyses clearly showed that strain 1PNM-20T fell into the cluster of Sphingomonas, and was most closely related to S. carri. The draft genome sequence was 3.76 Mb in length with a DNA G+C content of 69.8 mol%. Major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and 11-methyl C18 : 1ω7c, with C14 : 0 2-OH as the main hydroxy fatty acid. Ubiquinone 10 (Q-10) was the predominant respiratory quinone, and sym-homospermidine was displayed as the major polyamine. The polar lipids were composed of sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified glycolipid. The phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic results supported the hypothesis that strain 1PNM-20T represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas lenta sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 1PNM-20T (=GDMCC 1.660T=DSM 27572T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Sphingomonas/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Chumbo , Mineração , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espermidina/análogos & derivados , Espermidina/química , Sphingomonas/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/química , Zinco
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(7): 2161-2165, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081747

RESUMO

Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences of the genus Sphingobium showed the presence of four distinguishable clusters, in each of which the species shared almost the same evolutionary distance. They were Sphingobium indicum, Sphinogbium lucknowense, Sphinogbium chinhatense, Sphinogbium francense and Sphinogbium japonicum in cluster I, Sphinogbium barthaii and Sphinogbium fuliginis in cluster II, Sphinogbium hydrophobicum and Sphinogbium xenophagum in cluster III and Sphinogbium czechense and Sphinogbium cupriresistens in cluster IV. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between the species in each cluster were all higher than 98 %. Genome-based average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) relatedness values between the species of each cluster were all higher than the threshold values of 95-96 % ANI and 70 % dDDH for species discrimination, respectively, suggesting that each cluster represents only one species of the genus Sphingobium. Due to priority of publication, S. lucknowense, S. chinhatense, S. francense and S. japonicum should be taken as later heterotypic synonyms of S. indicum, S. barthaii as a later heterotypic synonym of S. fuliginis, S. hydrophobicum as a later heterotypic synonym of S. xenophagum and S. czechense as a later heterotypic synonym of S. cupriresistens. Correspondingly, the descriptions of S. indicum, S. fuliginis, S. xenophagum and S. cupriresistens are also emended based on this study.


Assuntos
Genoma Bacteriano , Filogenia , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Life Sci ; 229: 46-56, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085243

RESUMO

AIMS: Tumor growth is an angiogenesis-dependent process that requires sustained new vessel growth. Interleukin-17 (IL-17A) is a key cytokine that modulates tumor progression. However, whether IL-17A affects the metabolism of endothelial cells is unknown. MAIN METHODS: A xenograft model was established by implanting H460 (human lung cancer cell line) cells transfected with IL-17A-expressing or control vector. The effects of IL-17A on sprouting and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were measured. After treatment with IL-17A, the proliferation and migration of HUVECs were examined. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and Seahorse were used to detect the effects of IL-17A on mitochondrial respiration and fatty acid ß-oxidation (FAO) in HUVECs. Western blotting was used to examine signaling pathways. KEY FINDINGS: Herein, we found that IL-17A promoted H460 tumor growth and angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, IL-17A stimulated angiogenesis by enhancing FAO, increasing mitochondrial respiration of endothelial cells. The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway was activated to promote FAO. Finally, IL-17A-induced angiogenesis was blocked when FAO was inhibited using etomoxir. SIGNIFICANCE: In summary, these results indicate that IL-17A stimulates angiogenesis by promoting FAO. Thus, our study might provide a new therapeutic target for angiogenic vascular disorders.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Animais , Apoptose , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
17.
Exp Cell Res ; 381(2): 165-171, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100307

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contribute to metastasis. As shown in our previous studies, interleukin-6 (IL-6) induces ATM phosphorylation to increase MMP expression and metastasis in lung cancer. However, the exact roles of ATM activation in the IL-6-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition and lung cancer metastasis are currently unclear. Here, ATM phosphorylation exerts its pro-metastatic effect via vimentin-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which was supported by the evidence described below. Firstly, IL-6 treatment increases vimentin expression via the ATM-NF-κB pathway. Second, ATM inactivation not only abolishes IL-6-induced increases in vimentin expression but also inhibits IL-6-induced nest formation in a xenograft lung metastasis model. Moreover, close positive correlations were observed between ATM phosphorylation and vimentin upregulation, IL-6 levels and metastasis in lung cancer specimens. Hence, ATM modulates vimentin expression to facilitate IL-6-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition and metastasis in lung cancer, indicating that ATM and vimentin might be potential therapeutic targets for inflammation-associated lung cancer metastasis.

18.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 72: 176-185, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986645

RESUMO

Eph receptor tyrosine kinases have a wide range of biological functions and have gradually been recognized increasingly as key regulators of inflammation and injury diseases. Although previous studies suggested that EphA2 receptor may be involved in the regulation of inflammation and vascular permeability in injured lung, the detailed effects of EphA2 on LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) are still inadequate and the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. In this study, we detected the effects of EphA2 antagonism on inflammation, pulmonary vascular permeability and oxidative stress in LPS-induced ALI and investigate the potential mechanism. Our results showed that EphA2 antagonism markedly inhibited the cytokines release and inflammatory cells infiltration in BALF, prevented the LPS-induced elevations of MPO activity and MDA level in lung tissues. Our study also found that EphA2 antagonism significantly decreased the wet/dry ratios, reduced the Evans blue albumin extravasation in lung tissues and obviously alleviated the LPS-induced increment of pulmonary vascular permeability. Mechanistically, EphA2 antagonism significantly increased the activation of Nrf2 along with its target antioxidant enzyme HO-1 and inhibited the expressions of TLR4/MyD88 in lung tissues and A549 alveolar epithelial cells. Furthermore, EphA2 antagonism dramatically inhibited the LPS-evoked activations of RhoA/ROCK in lung tissues. In conclusion, our data indicate that EphA2 receptor plays an essential role in LPS-induced ALI and EphA2 antagonism has protective effects against LPS-induced ALI via Nrf2/HO-1, TLR4/MyD88 and RhoA/ROCK pathways. These results suggest that antagonism of EphA2 may be an effective therapeutic strategy for the treatment of ALI.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Receptor EphA2/antagonistas & inibidores , Células A549 , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Heme Oxigenase (Desciclizante)/metabolismo , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor EphA2/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(19): 17979-17986, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31021595

RESUMO

Ionic liquids (ILs) have been investigated extensively because of their unique ability to form the electric double layer (EDL), which induces high electrical field. For certain materials, low-temperature IL charging is needed to limit the electrochemical etching. Here, we report our investigation of the low-temperature charging dynamics in two widely used ILs-DEME-TF2N and C4mim-TF2N. Results show that the formation of the EDL at ∼220 K requires several hours relative to milliseconds at room temperature, and an equivalent voltage Ve is introduced as a measure of the EDL formation during the biasing process. The experimental observation is supported by molecular dynamics simulation, which shows that the dynamics are logically a function of gate voltage, time, and temperature. To demonstrate the importance of understanding the charging dynamics, a 140 nm thick FeSe0.5Te0.5 film was biased using the DEME IL, showing a tunable Tc between 18 and 35 K. Notably, this is the first observation of the tunability of the Tc in thick film FeSe0.5Te0.5 superconductors.

20.
J Org Chem ; 84(7): 4435-4442, 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30865471

RESUMO

Chiral phosphoric acid-catalyzed transfer hydrogenation of 2-hydroxypyrimidines has been successfully realized using Hantzsch ester or dihydrophenanthridine as the hydrogen source, furnishing the chiral 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1 H)-ones (DHPMs) with excellent yields and enantioselectivities of ≤99%. Notably, a novel kind of chiral DHPMs with an alkyl stereogenic center can be prepared through highly chemoselective transfer hydrogenation.

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