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3.
Anim Cells Syst (Seoul) ; 26(4): 166-173, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046031

RESUMO

Pain and inflammation typically manifest in patients with arthritis. It is now widely known that Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb (AP) and Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (SM) exert anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects. We have previously reported that the mixture extract (ME) from AP and SM produces antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects in gout arthritis and monoiodoacetate (MIA)-induced arthritis models. In the present study, we assessed the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects on the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. The antinociceptive effects in mice were measured using the von Frey test. ME administered once or for one week (once per day) once, and one-week reduced the pain in a dose-dependent manner (from 50 to 100 mg/kg) in the CIA-induced osteoarthritis (OA) model. ME treatment also reduced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in plasma and ankle tissues. Furthermore, COX-1, COX-2, NF-κB, TNF-α, and IL-6 expressions were attenuated after ME treatment. In most experiments, the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects induced by ME treatment were almost equal to or slightly better than those induced by Perna canaliculus (PC) treatment, which was used as a positive control. Our results suggest that ME possesses antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects, indicating its potential as a therapeutic agent for arthritis treatment.

4.
Food Res Int ; 160: 111672, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076384

RESUMO

Untargeted metabolomics was used to investigate the changes in small molecules of non-volatile metabolites and related mechanisms in the production process of Mongolian cheese. In addition, the changes in volatile compounds, free amino acids and bacterial community succession were also studied. A total of 37 differential metabolites were screened at 5 different stages of the production process by multivariate analysis of metabolomics datasets. The differential metabolites associated with amino acids, glycerophospholipid and pyrimidine metabolism were found to be mainly changed. In addition, the total nine functional core bacterial genera that significantly influenced compounds distribution in the cheese production process were identified based on correlation analysis and bidirectional orthogonal partial least squares (O2PLS) analysis. Lactococcus and Acinetobacter had positive effects on the formation of flavor volatiles and beneficial amino acids (p < 0.05); Streptococcus and Serratia showed strong correlations with amino acid catabolism (p < 0.05). This research revealed comprehensive insights into the metabolite alterations, bacterial succession and their dynamic correlations in the cheese process and would provide a theoretical basis for better quality control of Mongolian cheese production.


Assuntos
Queijo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Bactérias , Queijo/microbiologia , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Metabolômica
5.
Dermatol Ther ; : e15822, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Longdan Xiegan (LDXG) decoction, an ancient Chinese herbal formula, has been widely used in treating herpes zoster. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate whether LDXG formula as adjuvant therapy had additional benefits in acute herpes zoster patients. METHODS: Two authors independently searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, and Wanfang database from their inception to July 31, 2021. Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the add-on effects of LDXG formula (decoction, capsule, or pill) in the management of acute herpes zoster were included. RESULTS: Nine RCTs with 821 patients were identified. A random effect model meta-analyses showed that LDXG formula plus conventional therapy significantly reduced the time to blister resolution (weighted mean difference [WMD] -1.31 days; 95% confidence intervals [CI] -1.56 to -1.06), time to crust formation (WMD -1.91 days; 95% CI -2.31 to -1.50), time to pain resolution (WMD -2.13 days; 95% CI -2.65 to -1.60), pain intensity assessed by visual analogue scale (WMD -1.13; 95% CI -2.03 to -0.24), and incidence of persistent pain (risk ratio [RR] 0.28; 95% CI 0.15-0.50) compared with the conventional therapy alone. However, the overall certainty of evidence was very low to moderate. CONCLUSIONS: LDXG formula as adjuvant therapy may achieve additional benefits in terms of accelerating skin healing process, relieving pain symptoms, and preventing persistent pain in acute herpes zoster patients. However, interpretation of these findings should be considered the presence of statistical heterogeneity and/or unclear risk of bias. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126802

RESUMO

A fact that an ever-increasingly number of research attention has focused on quantum biology demonstrates that it is, by no means, new to works in physic and mathematics, but to molecular biologists, geneticists, and biochemists. This is owing to that quantum biology serves as a distinctive discipline, by using quantum theory to study life sciences in combination with physics, mechanics, mathematics, statistics, and modern biology. Notably, quantum mechanics and its fundamental principles have been employed to clarify complex biological processes and molecular homeostasis within the organic life. Consequently, using the principles of quantum mechanics to study dynamic changes and energy transfer of molecules at the quantum level in biology has been accepted as an unusually distinguishable way to a better explanation of many phenomena in life. It is plausible that a clear conceptual quantum theoretical event is also considered to generally occur for short-term picoseconds or femtoseconds on microscopic nano- and subnanometer scales in biology and biosciences. For instance, photosynthesis, enzyme -catalyzed reactions, magnetic perception, the capture of smell and vision, DNA fragmentation, cellular breathing, mitochondrial processing, as well as brain thinking and consciousness, are all manifested within quantum superposition, quantum coherence, quantum entanglement, quantum tunneling, and other effects. In this mini-review, we describe the recent progress in quantum biology, with a promising direction for further insights into this field.

7.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 187: 105186, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127048

RESUMO

The house fly (Musca domestica L.) (Diptera: Muscidae) is a global vector that can transmit >250 human and animal diseases. The control of house flies has heavily relied on the application of various chemical insecticides. The carbamate insecticide propoxur has been widely used for the control of house flies, and resistance to propoxur has been documented in many house fly populations worldwide. Previous studies have identified several propoxur resistance-conferring mutations in the target protein acetylcholinesterase; however, the molecular basis for metabolic resistance to propoxur remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the involvement of CYP6G4, a cytochrome P450 overexpressed in many insecticide resistant populations of Musca domestica, in propoxur metabolism and resistance by using combined approaches of recombinant protein-based insecticide metabolism and the Drosophila GAL4/UAS transgenic system. The recombinant CYP6G4 and its redox partners (NADPH-dependent cytochrome P450 reductase and cytochrome b5) were functionally expressed in Escherichia coli. Metabolism experiments showed that CYP6G4 was able to transform propoxur with a turnover rate of around 0.79 min-1. Six metabolites were putatively identified, suggesting that CYP6G4 could metabolize propoxur via hydroxylation, O-depropylation and N-demethylation. Moreover, bioassay results showed that ectopic overexpression of CYP6G4 in fruit flies significantly increased their tolerance to propoxur. Our in vivo and in vitro data convincingly demonstrate that CYP6G4 contributes to propoxur metabolism and resistance.

9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 628: 104-109, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084547

RESUMO

Metastasis is a major cause of breast cancer mortality and the current study found histone demethylase, KDM2A, expression to be negatively correlated with breast cancer metastasis. KDM2A knockdown greatly promoted migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. The histone demethylase activity of KDM2A downregulated EGF transcription and suppressed the EGF-TSPAN8 pathway. Inhibition of breast cancer cell migration was also dependent on the histone demethylase activity of KDM2A. A novel mechanism of KDM2A-suppression of the EGF-TSPAN8 pathway which inhibited breast cancer cell migration and invasion is reported.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Proteínas F-Box , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/farmacologia , Proteínas F-Box/genética , Proteínas F-Box/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Histona Desmetilases/genética , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/metabolismo , Tetraspaninas/metabolismo
10.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 895970, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093087

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Oral xerostomia remains one of the most common complications of differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients (DTC) after radioiodine therapy (RAI). Environmental factors in the etiology of xerostomia are largely unknown. We aimed to characterize the oral microbiota signatures and related biological functions associated with xerostomia and identify environmental factors affecting them. Methods: Saliva was collected from 30 DTC patients with xerostomia (XAs), 32 patients without xerostomia (indicated as non-XAs) following RAI after total thyroidectomy, and 40 healthy people (HCs) for 16S rRNA sequencing analysis. Results: The oral microbiota of XAs and non-XAs exhibited significant differences in α and ß diversities and bacterial taxa. The abundance of porphyromonas, fusobacterium, and treponema_2 were significantly higher in XAs, while the abundance of the streptococcus was lower in the microbiota of non-XAs. Fusobacterium, and porphyromonas were negatively correlated with unstimulated/stimulated whole salivary secretion (USW)/(SWS), while fusobacterium, porphyromonas, and treponema_2 genera levels were positively associated with cumulative radioiodine dose. PICRUSt2 and BugBase suggested a significant difference in the expression of potentially_pathogenic, anaerobic, gram_negative, the arachidonic acid metabolism, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis between XAs and non-XAs, possibly interdependent on radioiodine-induced inflammation. NetShift analysis revealed that porphyromonas genus might play as a key driver during the process of xerostomia. Five genera effectively distinguished XAs from non-XAs (AUC = 0.87). Conclusion: Our study suggests for the first time that DTC patients with xerostomia after RAI display microbiota profiles and associated functional changes that may promote a pro-inflammatory environment. Dysbiosis of the oral microbiota may contribute to exacerbating the severity of xerostomia. Our results provide a research direction of the interaction mechanism between oral microbiota alteration and the progress of xerostomia.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Microbiota , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Xerostomia , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/efeitos adversos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/radioterapia , Xerostomia/etiologia
11.
Sleep Breath ; 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115873

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intermittent hypoxia (IH) mimicking obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been confirmed to induce tumor lung metastasis via oxidative stress and inflammation responses. Follistatin-like 1 (Fstl1), as a matricellular protein, plays critical roles in inflammatory diseases and cancer. This study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of Fstl1 on OSA-IH-induced tumor lung metastasis. METHODS: Fstl1+/+ or Fstl1+/- mice inoculated with B16F10 melanoma cells were exposed to OSA-IH. The number and area of mouse lung metastatic colonies were assessed. Markers for tumor metastasis, oxidative stress, and inflammation in lung melanoma tissue or B16F10 melanoma cells were quantified by western blotting, qRT-PCR, and immunohistochemistry. The migration of B16F10 cells was examined by wound healing assay. RESULTS: Fstl1 levels are decreased in lung tissues from OSA-IH injured mice inoculated with melanoma cells. Fstl1-deficient mice were highly susceptible to the OSA-IH model of melanoma lung metastasis, as assessed by increased number and area of lung metastatic colonies, and by the elevated levels of HIF-1α, Vegf, N-cadherin, and E-cadherin. Lung melanoma tissue in Fstl1+/- mice provided evidence of increased oxidative stress, as determined by increased levels of NRF2 and P22phox and decreased level of Sod2, as well as increased inflammatory response, as determined by elevated levels of NF-κB P65, Tnf-α and Il-6. Conversely, stable overexpression of Fstl1 in B16F10 cells under OSA-IH exposure attenuated the migration of B16F10 cells and levels of tumor-related markers, as well as decreased oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that Fstl1 may protect against OSA-IH-induced tumor lung metastasis through oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. Fstl1 may serve as a promising target for OSA-related cancer.

12.
Opt Lett ; 47(18): 4786-4789, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107090

RESUMO

In this work, an ultra-low loss silicon nitride (SiN) edge coupler was designed and fabricated to interface with a single-mode fiber (SMF). Unlike other works that focus on the core structure, this work focuses on the cladding structure. First, it is demonstrated that the cladding structure ultimately determines the size and shape of the mode when the taper tip width is small enough. Then, the thickness of the up-cladding is optimized to provide enough space for mode expansion in the vertical direction. Air trenches are added to confine the mode laterally. In addition, the refractive index (RI) of the up-cladding layer is slightly increased to prevent light from leaking into the Si substrate. This edge coupler is then fabricated on the SiN platform at Chongqing United Microelectronics Center. For the TE mode at 1630 nm, a coupling loss of 0.67 dB/facet was obtained. At 1550 nm, 0.85 dB/facet and 1.09 dB/facet were measured for the TE and TM modes, respectively, which means that the polarization-dependent loss is 0.24 dB. Although the design method and the structure are based on a pure SiN platform, they are applicable to a silicon-on-insulator platform as well.

13.
N Engl J Med ; 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety and immunogenicity of the bivalent omicron-containing mRNA-1273.214 booster vaccine are not known. METHODS: In this ongoing, phase 2-3 study, we compared the 50-µg bivalent vaccine mRNA-1273.214 (25 µg each of ancestral Wuhan-Hu-1 and omicron B.1.1.529 [BA.1] spike messenger RNAs) with the previously authorized 50-µg mRNA-1273 booster. We administered mRNA-1273.214 or mRNA-1273 as a second booster in adults who had previously received a two-dose (100-µg) primary series and first booster (50-µg) dose of mRNA-1273 (≥3 months earlier). The primary objectives were to assess the safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of mRNA-1273.214 at 28 days after the booster dose. RESULTS: Interim results are presented. Sequential groups of participants received 50 µg of mRNA-1273.214 (437 participants) or mRNA-1273 (377 participants) as a second booster dose. The median time between the first and second boosters was similar for mRNA-1273.214 (136 days) and mRNA-1273 (134 days). In participants with no previous severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, the geometric mean titers of neutralizing antibodies against the omicron BA.1 variant were 2372.4 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2070.6 to 2718.2) after receipt of the mRNA-1273.214 booster and 1473.5 (95% CI, 1270.8 to 1708.4) after receipt of the mRNA-1273 booster. In addition, 50-µg mRNA-1273.214 and 50-µg mRNA-1273 elicited geometric mean titers of 727.4 (95% CI, 632.8 to 836.1) and 492.1 (95% CI, 431.1 to 561.9), respectively, against omicron BA.4 and BA.5 (BA.4/5), and the mRNA-1273.214 booster also elicited higher binding antibody responses against multiple other variants (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta) than the mRNA-1273 booster. Safety and reactogenicity were similar with the two booster vaccines. Vaccine effectiveness was not assessed in this study; in an exploratory analysis, SARS-CoV-2 infection occurred in 11 participants after the mRNA-1273.214 booster and in 9 participants after the mRNA-1273 booster. CONCLUSIONS: The bivalent omicron-containing vaccine mRNA-1273.214 elicited neutralizing antibody responses against omicron that were superior to those with mRNA-1273, without evident safety concerns. (Funded by Moderna; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04927065.).

14.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986213

RESUMO

Nitidine chloride (NC) is a standard active component from the traditional Chinese medicine Zanthoxylum nitidum (Roxb.) DC. (ZN). NC has shown a variety of pharmacological activities including anti-tumor activity. As a number of anti-tumor drugs cause cardiotoxicity, herein we investigated whether NC exerted a cardiotoxic effect and the underlying mechanism. Aqueous extract of ZN (ZNE) was intraperitoneally injected into rats, while NC was injected into beagles and mice once daily for 4 weeks. Cardiac function was assessed using echocardiography. We showed that both ZNE administered in rats and NC administered in mice induced dose-dependent cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction, whereas administration of NC at the middle and high dose caused death in Beagles. Consistently, we observed a reduction of cardiac autophagy levels in NC-treated mice and neonatal mouse cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, we demonstrated that autophagy-related 4B cysteine peptidase (ATG4B) may be a potential target of NC, since overexpression of ATG4B reversed the cardiac hypertrophy and reduced autophagy levels observed in NC-treated mice. We conclude that NC induces cardiac hypertrophy via ATG4B-mediated downregulation of autophagy in mice. Thus, this study provides guidance for the safe clinical application of ZN and the use of NC as an anti-tumor drug.

15.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 970122, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35992100

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relations of Triglyceride glucose (TyG) index with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) burden and cognitive function in aged patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A total of 308 elderly patients with T2DM were included in this retrospective study. The standardized Chinese version of Mini-Mental State Examination was used to assess cognitive function. The total CSVD burden score was assessed by combining four imaging markers of CSVD, including the presence of white matter hyperintensity, cerebral microbleeds in the deep, lacunes and enlarged perivascular spaces in the basal ganglia. The TyG index was calculated as the formula of ln [fasting triglyceride (mg/dl) × fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl)/2]. We used logistic regression analysis and mediation analysis to investigate the relations of TyG index with CSVD and cognitive function. Results: Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that increased TyG index (OR: 2.241; 95% Confidence Interval(CI): 1.439 to 3.490; P <0.001), or severe CSVD burden (OR: 2.198; 95% CI: 1.283 to 3.763; P = 0.004) was associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment in elderly patients with T2DM after adjusting for potential confounders. In addition, TyG index was an independent risk factor of severe CSVD burden (OR: 1.472; 95% CI: 1.003 to 2.160; P = 0.048) after controlling for potential confounders. Compared with the lowest TyG index tertile, the multivariable-adjusted OR of the highest tertile was 3.298 (95% CI: 1.685 to 6.452; P for trend <0.001) for cognitive impairment, 1.933 (95% CI: 1.010 to 3.698; P for trend = 0.047) for severe CSVD burden. Mediation analysis found a significant moderating effect of the severe CSVD burden on the association between higher TyG index levels and cognitive impairment. Conclusions: The increased TyG index is an independent risk factor for cognitive impairment and severe CSVD burden in clinical practice. A proportion of the effect of increased TyG index on cognitive impairment may be due to the aggravation of CSVD burden.


Assuntos
Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais , Disfunção Cognitiva , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Idoso , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/complicações , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Glucose , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Triglicerídeos
16.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604912, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35990192

RESUMO

Objectives: We aim to find out the prevalence, characteristics, and predictors of workplace violence (WPV) against current Chinese emergency department (ED) nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 20,136 ED nurses was conducted in 31 provinces in China between July and September 2019. Descriptive analyses were used to examine the prevalence and characteristics of WPV. Chi-square analysis and Binary logistic regression analysis were used to identify the predictors of WPV. Results: During the past 12 months, there are 79.39% of ED nurses exposed to any type of WPV, including 78.38% and 39.65% exposed to nonphysical and physical violence, respectively. Binary logistic regression analysis shows that ED nurses who were male, had bachelor's degrees, had average monthly salary between 5,001 and 12,000, worked in central China, had higher professional titles, were more experienced, arranging shift work, and had higher work stress were more likely to experience WPV. Conclusion: A relatively high prevalence of WPV against Chinese ED nurses has been revealed in this study. The characteristics and predictors of WPV remind us to take positive measures to reduce WPV.


Assuntos
Violência no Trabalho , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
17.
Chemosphere ; 307(Pt 3): 136067, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35987269

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the presence of microplastics (MPs) in the upper respiratory tract of indoor and outdoor workers, to assess the type and the extent of contamination. Sputum and nasal lavage fluid were collected, and plastic particles were quantitatively analyzed by polarizing microscopy and a laser direct infrared chemical imaging system. The polarized light microscopy results showed that suspicious MPs were found in the nasal lavage and sputum of both couriers and office staff, and the abundance of MPs in the nasal lavage of office staff was significantly higher than in couriers (P < 0.0001). The chemical imaging results showed that polycarbonate (24.2%) and polyvinylchloride (PVC) (23.0%) were the predominant plastic materials in the sputum of couriers, while polyamide (PA) (25.3%) and polyethylene (22.9%) were dominant in the nasal lavage fluid. The sputum and nasal lavage fluid of office staff were both dominated by PVC (39.1% and 41.1%, respectively) and PA (24.8% and 31.6%, respectively). Therefore, this study revealed that microplastic pollution was found in the respiratory tract of both indoor and outdoor workers, but the distribution of MP particles differed between the two populations.

18.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 342, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35953806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although several clinical studies have analysed the relationship between the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and apelin-13 in venous blood and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), no definitive conclusions have been reached. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between apelin-13 levels and VEGF levels and ROP. METHODS: Differences in plasma apelin-13 and VEGF levels were analysed in two groups of infants born with birth weight < 1500 g and gestational age < 32 weeks at Peking University People' s Hospital. One group comprised infants diagnosed with ROP and the other group was a control group comprising infants without ROP. RESULTS: Apelin-13 levels were significantly lower in the ROP group than in the control group, while VEGF levels showed the opposite result (both P < 0.001). Infants with severe ROP had lower apelin-13 levels and higher VEGF levels than with mild ROP (both P < 0.05).The receiver operating characteristic curve for apelin-13 level as the indicator of ROP showed that a cut-off value of 119.6 pg/mL yielded a sensitivity of 84.8% and a specificity of 63.6%, while for VEGF level, the cut-off value of 84.3 pg/mL exhibited a sensitivity of 84.8% and a specificity of 66.7%. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma apelin-13 and VEGF levels at 4-6 weeks of age may play a role in assisting the diagnosis of ROP.


Assuntos
Retinopatia da Prematuridade , Apelina , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/diagnóstico , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
19.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(15)2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35957098

RESUMO

The energy storage capacity of batteries and supercapacitors has seen rising demand and problems as large-scale energy storage systems and electric gadgets have become more widely adopted. With the development of nano-scale materials, the electrodes of these devices have changed dramatically. Heterostructure materials have gained increased interest as next-generation materials due to their unique interfaces, resilient structures and synergistic effects, providing the capacity to improve energy/power outputs and battery longevity. This review focuses on the role of MgO in heterostructured magnetic and energy storage devices and their applications and synthetic strategies. The role of metal oxides in manufacturing heterostructures has received much attention, especially MgO. Heterostructures have stronger interactions between tightly packed interfaces and perform better than single structures. Due to their typical physical and chemical properties, MgO heterostructures have made a breakthrough in energy storage. In perpendicularly magnetized heterostructures, the MgO's thickness significantly affects the magnetic properties, which is good news for the next generation of high-speed magnetic storage devices.

20.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35949187

RESUMO

Powdery mildew is a key airborne foliar disease of barley in southeastern and southwestern China. Barley varieties usually partially or wholly lose resistance to the pathogen Blumeria graminis (DC.) f. sp. hordei (Bgh) three to five years after release due to the frequent acquirements of new virulences in the pathogen population. However, no Bgh virulence detection has been carried out in the recent decade, and thus no information is available on the present virulence components and major pathotypes in epidemic regions. Twenty-one near-isogenic lines (NILs) of Pallas were selected to detect Bgh virulence variation, with 97 pathotypes identified from the isolates collected from 2015 to 2019. The virulence complexities ranged from one to 12, with 1.5 isolates on average assigned per pathotype, suggesting a natural trait of high pathotype diversity and low virulence complexity (VC) in the Chinese Bgh populations. Eleven high virulence pathotypes were detected in the traditional barley-growing regions in Yunnan and Zhejiang. Six virulent pathotypes to resistance gene mlo-5 were detected only in the two traditional epidemic regions, with a virulence frequency (VF) of 4.8% (7/147). Compared to the results from a decade ago, VFs for resistance alleles Mla3, mlo-5, Mla6 + Mla14, Mla7 + Mlk, Mlg + MlCP, and Mla13 + MlRu3 + MlaRu4 increased from zero to 0.7 to 25.8%. Isolates from Yunnan and Zhejiang had similar virulence profiles, which differed from those identified in Tibet. In addition, genetic diversities differed in the isolate groups collected from Tibet, Yunnan, and Zhejiang.

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