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1.
Haemophilia ; 2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012060

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In clinical trials, recombinant factor IX fusion protein (rFIXFc) has demonstrated safety, efficacy and prolonged activity with extended dosing intervals for treatment of haemophilia B. AIM: To assess the real-world clinical utility of rFIXFc in a variable patient population and routine clinical practice. METHODS: A multicentre, retrospective chart review was conducted of patients with haemophilia B who had received rFIXFc prophylaxis or on-demand treatment for ≥6 months across six sites in the United States. RESULTS: Sixty-four eligible patients were identified who had a median (range) duration on rFIXFc of 2.7 (0.5-5.0) years. Of 32 patients on rFIXFc prophylaxis who switched from prophylaxis with another factor treatment (ie pre-rFIXFc) and had a known pre-rFIXFc dosing interval, the initial dosing interval was lengthened for 26 (81%) patients and maintained for the remaining 6 (19%) patients. Most (n = 48 [91%]) patients who received rFIXFc prophylaxis from the beginning to the end of the chart review period (n = 53) maintained or lengthened the dosing interval from first through last dose of rFIXFc. For patients receiving rFIXFc prophylaxis, there was an approximate 50% reduction in weekly factor consumption compared with pre-rFIXFc prophylaxis. Overall annualized bleed rates, annualized spontaneous bleed rates and annualized joint bleed rates decreased after switching to rFIXFc prophylaxis (n = 24 with bleed data). Compliance to recommended treatment improved or remained stable in most patients with available data (30/31). CONCLUSION: Recombinant factor IX fusion protein prophylaxis improved bleed control, reduced overall consumption, reduced frequency of infusion and improved compliance for patients with haemophilia B in a real-world setting.

2.
BMC Pulm Med ; 20(1): 268, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reports on the application of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) to the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) are scarce. There have been no studies investigating the optimal specimen type for mNGS. METHODS: We used mNGS to detect pathogens in matched transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB), bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and bronchial needle brushing (BB) specimens from 39 patients suspected of having infectious PPLs. We explored differences in microbial composition and diagnostic accuracy of mNGS for the 3 specimen types. RESULTS: mNGS was more sensitive than conventional culture for detection of bacteria and fungi in TBLB, BALF, and BB specimens, with no difference in the sensitivity of mNGS across the different specimen types. mNGS showed higher sensitivity for fungi or uncategorized pulmonary pathogens in TBLB+BALF+BB compared to TBLB but not BALF or BB specimens. There were no significant differences between the 3 specimen types in the relative abundance of pathogens, or between TBLB and BB specimens in the relative abundance of 6 common lower respiratory tract commensals. CONCLUSIONS: mNGS has a higher sensitivity than the conventional culture method for detecting pathogens in TBLB, BALF, or BB specimens. mNGS of BB samples is a less invasive alternative to TBLB for the diagnosis of infectious PPLs.

3.
Ann Hematol ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033910

RESUMO

This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical outcome of 172 children with newly diagnosed severe aplastic anemia (SAA) between January 2008 and April 2018, who received rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and cyclosporine (CsA) as first-line treatment. The median age at diagnosis was 5 years (range, 1-14). The overall response rates were 22.7%, 45.3%, and 61% at 40 days, 3 months, and 6 months, respectively, after rabbit ATG. In multivariate analysis, mild disease severity was the only predictor of favorable response at 6 months (P = 0.006). In the present study, median follow-up period was 63 months (range, 1-135). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and failure-free survival (FFS) rates were 90.5% and 70.4%. Multivariate analysis showed that erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) > 2/105 bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMMNC) (P = 0.037) and time interval before IST ≤ 30 days (P = 0.017) were independent positive predictors for OS, meanwhile BFU-E > 2/105BMMNC (P = 0.029) was the only favorable prognostic factor for FFS.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030693

RESUMO

Drinking water sludge (DWS) contains organic carbon and metal ions with the potential to prepare adsorbents. In this research, DWS was separated into two parts by acid leaching, i.e., an acid leaching carbonization sludge (ALCS) and an acid leaching solution. Iron and aluminum were extracted from the acid leaching solution and loaded onto ALCS by sedimentation and liquid-phase reduction to prepare a carbon/Al2O3/nZVI magnetic adsorption material (ALCS-Al-Fe). The optimum arsenic removal conditions, adsorption kinetics, and isotherm were determined, and the characteristics of the adsorbent ALCS-Al-Fe were investigated. The results showed that the composite exerted a favorable arsenic removal effect due to the electrostatic adsorption of nanometer zero-valent iron as well as ion exchange and complexation between the OH- groups on the surface of ALCS-Al-Fe and As(V). The pH change had a slight effect on the adsorption capacity, while the common anions SO42- and SiO32- showed obvious inhibitory effects. Considering that alkalinity is beneficial to arsenic ion desorption, NaOH was used in desorbing to conduct 6 cycles of regeneration experiments, and the final removal rate could still reach 90.5%. Therefore, the concept of green development of preparing magnetic adsorbents by using whole component of DWS is significant to the exploitation of sludge recycling.

5.
Food Funct ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043925

RESUMO

Flavonoids represent polyphenolic plant secondary metabolites with a general structure of a 15-carbon skeleton comprising two phenyl rings and a heterocyclic ring. Over 5000 natural flavonoids (flavanones, flavanonols, and flavans) from various plants have been characterized. Several studies provide novel and promising insights into morin hydrate for its different biological activities against a series of metabolic syndromes. The present review is a rendition of its sources, chemistry, functional potency, and protective effects on metabolic syndromes ranging from cancer to brain injury. Most importantly this systematic review article also highlights the mechanisms of interest to morin-mediated management of metabolic disorders. The key mechanisms (anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory) responsible for its therapeutic potential are well featured after collating the in vitro and in vivo study reports. As a whole, based on the prevailing information rationalizing its medicinal use, morin can be identified as a therapeutic agent for the expansion of human health.

6.
Small ; : e2003508, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985135

RESUMO

Near-infrared (NIR) light-triggered hyperthermia has exhibited promising prospects in oncology therapy due to the unique merits including minimal invasiveness, monitorable, excellent therapeutic effect, and negligible side effects. Especially, the second NIR biowindow (NIR-II, 1000-1700 nm) with less absorbance and scattering by skin tissue, and deep tissue penetration, has received extensive attention for photonic hyperthermia. Unfortunately, the dissatisfactory photothermal conversion efficiency (PCE) and cumbersome preparation process of photo-driven heat conversion nanomaterials seriously hamper the future clinical application. To combat the aforementioned challenges, high imaging performance and desired therapeutic outcome 1D nanorods are constructed based on gadolinium-integrated tellurium nanorods (Te-Gd). In this system, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging-guided photonic hyperthermia can be easily implemented in cooperation with Te-Gd. Importantly, Te-Gd possesses high PCE (41%) in the NIR-II biowindow because the transition of the excited electron can easily occur from the valence band (VB) to the conduction band (CB) on (1 0 1) and (1 0 2) crystal planes. Furthermore, the distinctive photostability, high tumor accumulation, as well as low systemic adverse effects of Te-Gd guarantee the potential in the clinic.

7.
J Recept Signal Transduct Res ; : 1-10, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873146

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the effects of Angiotensin II (Ang II) on insulin-resistant endothelial cells. High glucose and insulin at series of concentrations were used to induce IR in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs). Successful IR induction was confirmed according to glucose consumption and glycogen content levels. Cell morphology was observed under a microscope. Expression levels of Ang II and Calreticulin (CRT) were measured by ELISA, qRT-PCR and Western blot as appropriate. Cell viability and apoptosis were measured by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively. HUVECs with IR were exposed to Ang II at series of concentrations, and then the cell viability, apoptosis and CRT were detected. Rescue assays were performed by transfection of siCRT or overexpression of CRT with or without Ang II stimulation into the HUVECs with IR. Expressions of cell apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2 and Bax were measured by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Glucose (33.3 mmol/L) and insulin (4 µmol/L) induced significantly strong IR to the HUVECs, with a pathological appearance. Levels of Agn II and CRT were both up-regulated by IR. Cell viability of HUVECs was slightly reduced after IR induction for 2 h, and cell apoptosis rate was increased. In addition, Ang II (10 - 7 mol/l) suppressed cell viability and glucose uptake, promoted cell apoptosis and increased CRT, and these effects could be weakened by silencing CRT. Thus, we preliminarily proved that Ang II up-regulates CRT, and CRT knockdown can relieve Ang II-induced injury of HUVECs with IR.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 400: 123158, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947736

RESUMO

Ambient particulate matter (PM2.5)-induced metabolic syndromes is a critical contributor to the pathological processes of neurological diseases, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. The rhomboid 5 homolog 2 (Rhbdf2), an essential regulator in the production of TNF-α, has recently been confirmed to exhibit a key role in regulating inflammation-associated diseases. Thus, we examined whether Rhbdf2 contributes to hypothalamic inflammation via NF-κB associated inflammation activation in long-term PM2.5-exposed mice. Specifically, proopiomelanocortin-specific Rhbdf2 deficiency (Rhbdf2Pomc) and corresponding littermates control mice were used for the current study. After 24 weeks of PM2.5 inhalation, systemic-metabolism disorder was confirmed in WT mice in terms of impaired glucose tolerance, increased insulin resistance, and high blood pressure. Markedly, PM2.5-treated Rhbdf2Pomc mice displayed a significantly opposite trend in these parameters compared with those of the controls group. We next confirmed hypothalamic injury accompanied by abnormal POMC neurons loss, as indicated by increased inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and oxidative-stress levels and decreased antioxidant activity. These results were further supported by blood routine examination. In summary, our findings suggest that Rhbdf2 plays an important role in exacerbating PM2.5-stimulated POMC neurons loss associated hypothalamic injury, thus providing a possible target for blocking pathological development of air pollution-associated diseases.

9.
Oncol Res Treat ; : 1-8, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966998

RESUMO

PURPOSE: At the first time of metastatic breast cancer recurrence, conversion of the receptors status may occur between primary lesions and metastatic lesions, including the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Whether the decision of the treatment regimen is based on the primary receptor status or that of metastatic lesions is still unclear. METHODS: This study enrolled 411 female patients with a diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer at the first time of recurrence to explore the influence of receptor conversion on prognosis prediction and treatment regimen of patients with metastatic breast cancer. RESULTS: ER and PR changes from negative to positive are both prognostic factors for patients with breast cancer. Patients receiving endocrine therapy showed a better survival after recurrence than those using chemotherapy alone in the ER or PR Prim- Met+ subgroup. Patients in the HER2 Prim- Met+ subgroup using HER2-targeted therapy in multilines showed a post-recurrence survival advantage. In the bone re-biopsy subgroup, the PR change from positive to negative appeared to be more frequent than at other re-biopsy sites. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with metastatic breast cancer should perform re-biopsy to clarify the receptor status of the first metastatic lesions, which may provide clinicians valuable evidence to conduct treatments with higher precision.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(9): 093904, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915597

RESUMO

Scatterings and transport in Weyl semimetals have caught growing attention in condensed matter physics, with observables including chiral zero modes and the associated magnetoresistance and chiral magnetic effects. Measurement of electrical conductance is usually performed in these studies, which, however, cannot resolve the momentum of electrons, preventing direct observation of the phase singularities in scattering matrix associated with Weyl point. Here we experimentally demonstrate a helical phase distribution in the angle (momentum) resolved scattering matrix of electromagnetic waves in a photonic Weyl metamaterial. It further leads to spiraling Fermi arcs in an air gap sandwiched between a Weyl metamaterial and a metal plate. Benefiting from the alignment-free feature of angular vortical reflection, our findings establish a new platform in manipulating optical angular momenta with photonic Weyl systems.

11.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124146, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977099

RESUMO

The composition of biogas produced by anaerobic digestion (AD) is typically not ideal due to high CO2 content. In the study, cottonwood biochar was used as an enhanced mediator for the continuously stirred tank reactor AD of cornstalk. The effects of substrate loading and biochar dosage on biogas composition, volatile fatty acids (VFAs), NH3-N, and microbial community characteristics were systematically explored. The results showed that the highest volumetric biogas production rate with biochar was 1.40 L/L/d, at the same time, the CO2 content in the biogas decreased by 5.90%, while the CH4 content increased by 7.40%, compared with the values in AD without biochar. Moreover, VFAs were degraded effectively, in particular, the propionic acid concentration decreased by 55.7%. Besides, microbial abundance had positive correlations with environmental parameters. This study could provide valuable information for both the elucidation of strengthening mechanisms of biochar and further large-scale engineering application.

12.
Auton Neurosci ; 229: 102733, 2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recently, it was demonstrated that optogenetics could be used to stimulate enteric calretinin neurons, leading to increased colonic transit in vitro and in vivo. The aim of the current study was to determine if similar approaches could be used to stimulate the isolated mouse small intestine, with the aim of potentially also improving transit in the small bowel. METHODS: Cre-Lox recombination was used to generate transgenic mice expressing the light-sensitive ion channel channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) in calretinin neurons. RESULTS: Spontaneous migrating motor complexes were recorded from isolated terminal small intestine in both CalCre+ mice expressing ChR2 in calretinin-expressing neurons and experimental controls, CalCre-. Trains of blue light pulses (20 ms, 5 Hz, 20s) evoked a brief local contraction of circular muscle, but never a premature MMC, irrespective of light intensity (1-40 mV/mm2) or the region of ileum stimulated. However, MMCs were readily evoked by calretinin neuron activation in colon, consistent with our previous study. Light-evoked contractions of the terminal small bowel were hexamethonium-resistant (300 µM), but blocked by tetrodotoxin (0.6 µM). Light-evoked smooth muscle contraction did not change the pacemaker frequency underlying MMCs. CONCLUSION: Focal illumination of the small intestine does not appear as effective at inducing propulsive motor activity as has been demonstrated in the colon of the same colony mice. This study suggests caution should be exercised when assuming optogenetic technology is equally effective at increasing GI transit in the small intestine as in the large intestine of mice.

13.
Org Lett ; 22(16): 6277-6282, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806212

RESUMO

Indazolone cores are among the most common structural components in medicinal chemistry and can be found in many biologically active molecules. In this report, a mild and efficient approach to 2-substituted indazolones via B2(OH)4-mediated reductive N-N bond formation is developed. This strategy features mild conditions, no request for a metal catalyst, and a wide scope for both aliphatic and aromatic amines. Meanwhile, this method was further successfully applied on DNA to construct indazolone cores for a DNA-encoded library. This will enable the production of a very attractive indazolone-cored library from simple amines and scaffolds, which will provide considerable diversity.

14.
J BUON ; 25(3): 1455-1462, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862590

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Paired related homoeobox 1 (PRRX1) has been identified as a new epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) inducer in gastric cancer and that PRRX1 upregulation is closely correlated with gastric cancer metastasis. In addition, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) play an important role in the process of gastric cancer's distant metastasis. Our study aimed to correlate Prrx1, CTCs and the clinicopathological parameters in primary gastric cancer patients. METHODS: Expressions of PRRX1 in a sample of 95 gastric carcinoma and adjacent nontumorous tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. Then the integrated subtraction enrichment and immunostaining fluorescence in situ hybridization (SET-imFISH) platform were applied to detect and characterize CTCs in patients with gastric cancer. Finally, their correlations with clinicopathological parameters could be analyzed. RESULTS: The positive rate of PRRX1in gastric cancer was 56.84% and the rate was 36.84% in adjacent normal gastric mucosa, which was confirmed to be statistically significant. In the meantime, both the expression of PRRX1 and the positive rate of CTCs did not significantly correlate with age, gender or histologic type (p>0.05) but significantly related to tumor size, grade of differentiation, lymph node invasion, vascular invasion, metastasis status, depth of tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage (p<0.05). Besides, there was a close relationship between the PRRX1 of gastric cancer and the CTCs of peripheral blood specimens of cancer patients with the correlation coefficient 0.322. CONCLUSION: Gastric cancer tissues showed that the level of PRRX1 expression was higher compared to the adjacent normal gastric mucosa. Both the expression of PRRX1 and the positive rate of CTCs significantly correlated with clinicopathological parameters. In addition, there was a positive correlation relationship between the PRRX1 of gastric cancer and the CTCs of peripheral blood specimens of cancer patients. These findings demonstrate that higher-level expression of PRRX1 in gastric cancer tissues increased the amount of CTCs in peripheral blood and facilitated the invasion and metastasis in patients with gastric cancer. Meanwhile, it gave some clues to clinical treatment. CTCs may contribute to promotion in diagnosis, therapy monitoring and prognosis of gastric cancer.

15.
Clin Respir J ; 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777167

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is frequent in both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of MetS and the status of systemic inflammation in overlap syndrome. METHODS: A total of 151 consecutive COPD patients were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Spirometry and polysomnography were done in all patients. The MetS was defined according to the criteria of the International Diabetes Federation. Anthropometry, metabolic parameters and inflammatory biomarkers: IL-6, TNF-α, leptin, resistin and adiponectin were recorded. RESULTS: OSA was present in 19.2% COPD patients. Subjects with overlap syndrome had higher neck and waist circumference compared to those with COPD alone. Significant differences in levels of blood pressure, lipid metabolic and glucose metabolic were found between two groups with overlap and COPD, as well as inflammatory biomarkers. Prevalence of MetS was increased in overlap group. Multivariate logistic regression showed that BMI, systolic BP when fall asleep and recumbent angiotens levels as significant independent predictors of the presence of Mets in overlap syndrome. CONCLUSION: This study shows that MetS is frequent in patients with overlap. Overlap syndrome indicates a higher cardiometabolic risk and higher levels of systemic inflammatory.

16.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1126, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32766145

RESUMO

The abnormal m6A modification caused by m6A modulators is a common feature of various tumors; however, little is known about which m6A modulator plays the most important role in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). In this study, when analyzing the influence of m6A modulators (METTL3, METTL14, WTAP, FTO, and ALKBH5) on the prognosis of breast cancer, especially in TNBC using several on-line databases, methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) was found to have low expression in breast cancer, and was closely associated with short-distance-metastasis-free survival in TNBC. Further investigation showed that knockdown of METTL3 could enhance the ability of migration, invasion, and adhesion by decreasing m6A level in TNBC cell lines. Collagen type III alpha 1 chain (COL3A1) was identified and verified as a target gene of METTL3. METTL3 could down-regulate the expression of COL3A1 by increasing its m6A methylation, ultimately inhibiting the metastasis of TNBC cells. Finally, with immunohistochemistry staining in breast cancer tissues, it was proved that METTL3 expression was negatively correlated with COL3A1 in TNBC, but not in non-TNBC. This study demonstrated the potential mechanism of m6A modification in metastasis and provided potential targets for treatment in TNBC.

17.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 29(7): 893-897, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735088

RESUMO

The current global burden of tuberculosis (TB) is one of the greatest challenges to public health, particularly in developing countries, and thus effective diagnostic methods and treatment options for TB remain a central topic in basic and clinical research. Heparin-binding hemagglutinin (HBHA)-specific immune responses have been linked to protection against TB. The binding of HBHA-coated beads to epithelial and endothelial cell layers may trigger transcytosis of the beads, which is the basis for extrapulmonary dissemination. In addition, HBHA has been confirmed as a potential diagnostic marker for TB, and it is important in developing new TB vaccines and anti-TB drugs. Recently, basic research on HBHA has been intensified. The HBHA application in the field of prevention and treatment should be further explored. In addition, the existing research achievements have shown its broad application prospects. Currently, there are no relevant specialized products, and research should be accelerated. These products may contribute to the application of HBHA in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of TB.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829633

RESUMO

Although rapid progress has been made in tin-based perovskite solar cells (PSCs), the inferior film qualities of the solution-processed perovskites always lead to poor reproducibility and instability. Herein, we present a simple seeded growth (SG) approach to obtain high-quality tin-based perovskite films with preferred crystal orientation, large grain sizes, and fewer apparent grain boundaries. High-quality tin-based perovskite films fabricated through this SG process could greatly reduce the nonradiative recombination centers and inhibit the oxidation of Sn2+. Using formamidinium tin tri-iodide (FASnI3) perovskites, the SG-PSCs exhibit a much improved efficiency from 5.37% (control) to 7.32% with all improved photovoltaic parameters. Moreover, this SG strategy is easily applicable to other tin-based perovskite compositions. The PSC based on methylammonium (MA) doped mixed-cation perovskite (FA0.75MA0.25SnI3) exhibited a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 8.54% with an improvement of 19.3% in the photovoltaic performance, making it a general approach for achieving efficient tin-based PSCs.

19.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4218, 2020 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32839452

RESUMO

Exposure to social stress and dysregulated serotonergic neurotransmission have both been implicated in the etiology of psychiatric disorders. However, the serotonergic circuit involved in stress vulnerability is still unknown. Here, we explored whether a serotonergic input from the dorsal raphe (DR) to ventral tegmental area (VTA) influences vulnerability to social stress. We identified a distinct, anatomically and functionally defined serotonergic subpopulation in the DR that projects to the VTA (5-HTDR→VTA neurons). Moreover, we found that susceptibility to social stress decreased the firing activity of 5-HTDR→VTA neurons. Importantly, the bidirectional manipulation of 5-HTDR→VTA neurons could modulate susceptibility to social stress. Our findings reveal that the activity of 5-HTDR→VTA neurons may be an essential factor in determining individual levels of susceptibility to social stress and suggest that targeting specific serotonergic circuits may aid the development of therapies for the treatment of stress-related disorders.


Assuntos
Núcleo Dorsal da Rafe/fisiologia , Vias Neurais/fisiologia , Neurônios Serotoninérgicos/fisiologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Transmissão Sináptica/fisiologia , Área Tegmentar Ventral/fisiologia , Animais , Núcleo Dorsal da Rafe/citologia , Núcleo Dorsal da Rafe/metabolismo , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Microscopia Confocal , Neurônios Serotoninérgicos/citologia , Neurônios Serotoninérgicos/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Área Tegmentar Ventral/citologia , Área Tegmentar Ventral/metabolismo
20.
Bioresour Technol ; 316: 123963, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795872

RESUMO

This study conducted a small scale, push flow, continuous, dry anaerobic digestion experiment using 50% and 60% digestate recirculation ratios to investigate the effects of digestate recirculation ratio on continuous dry anaerobic digestion and to analyze microbial community succession. The results showed that the volumetric biogas production rate could reach 1.6 L/L·d during the 60% digestate recirculation ratio. A slight, initial accumulation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) (maximum concentration 1.6 g/L) was subsequently consumed by the Christensenellaceae R-7 group, and VFA concentrations stabilized at around 20 mg/L. The increased digestate recirculation ratio (60%) promoted both VadinBC27 wastewater-sludge group and Methanobacterium proliferation, and the predominance of those microbial strains may be why VFAs decreased and gas production efficiency improved. Those microbial community changes, fostered by the higher digestate recirculation ratio, are important in continuous dry anaerobic digestion. These results aid continued work aimed at improving continuous, dry anaerobic digestion.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Metano , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Esgotos
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