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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23198, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-9 has become a global pandemic with severe health issues around the world. However, there is still no effective drug to treat the disease, and many studies have shown that moxibustion plays a positive role in adjuvant treatment of COVID-19. Therefore, this meta-analysis is designed to evaluate the efficacy of moxibustion for COVID-19. METHODS: The relevant randomized controlled trials will be systematically retrieved from the electronic database, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Clinical Trials Database, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure, without restrictions on publication status and language. Two reviewers will independently review all included studies and assess the risk of bias. Two reviewers will independently extract data from the included studies based on a pre-designed standardized form. Any disagreements will be resolved by consensus. The meta-analysis will be performed with RevMan (V5.3.5) software. RESULT: The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: This ongoing meta-analysis will provide up-to-date evidence of the efficacy of moxibustion for patients with COVID-19. REGISTRATION: The meta-analysis has been prospectively registered in PROSPERO (CRD42020211910).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Moxibustão/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Moxibustão/efeitos adversos , Pandemias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
2.
Food Chem Toxicol ; : 111875, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227389

RESUMO

Huangshan Gongju was extracted with organic solvents (ethanol, methanol and acetone) of different concentrations (0-90%), and the extracts' phenolic content and antioxidant activity, as well as the correlations between them were examined. With the increasing concentration of organic solvent, the total phenolic compound (TPC) increased continuously and met its maximum at 70% acetone, whereas the total flavonoid compound (TFC) and most individual phenolics met their maximums at 70% ethanol. Similar changes occurred to the antioxidant activity, including DPPH and ABTS scavenging activities, and their maximums were respectively found at 50% acetone and 70% ethanol. The antioxidant activity correlated strongly with TPC/TFC (r > 0.954, p < 0.01) and individual phenolics (r > 0.886, p < 0.05), and the strongest correlations between them were mainly given by luteolin-7-O-glucoside (r > 0.975, p < 0.001). These results suggested that high content organic solvent (50-70%) was beneficial to obtain Huangshan Gongju extracts of higher phenolic content and antioxidant activity, and 70% ethanol may be the promising solvent. Besides, phenolics were found to be the main antioxidants of Huangshan Gongju extracts, and flavonoids especially luteolin-7-O-glucoside may play more important roles in the antioxidant activity.

3.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-13, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215569

RESUMO

Recently, a difference between involved and uninvolved free light chains (dFLC) less than 10 mg/L after treatment (stringent dFLC response) was reported to be associated with superior survival in light-chain (AL) amyloidosis. We conducted a retrospective study of AL amyloidosis patients treated with bortezomib to investigate the predictive value of a stringent dFLC response. Two hundred and thirty-five patients were included. The cardiac and renal responses were much higher in patients achieving a stringent dFLC response (86.5% versus 42.7% and 75.9% versus 38.2%, p < .001). Patients with a stringent dFLC response had significantly longer overall survival and time to next treatment (TNT). Among the very good partial response (VGPR) patients, the TNT of stringent dFLC responders was superior to those of the remaining VGPR patients (p = .045) and comparable to those of complete response patients. In conclusion, a stringent dFLC response might be added to current response criteria for AL amyloidosis.

5.
Virol J ; 17(1): 155, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to screen the male human papillomavirus (HPV) infection status and genotyping in Qingcheng District, Qingyuan City, Guangdong Province, China to provide a reference basis for formulating prevention strategies for HPV infection. METHODS: The present study collected urethral epithelium or scraped penile epidermis from high-risk male patients in Qingyuan People's Hospital during the last five years, extracted DNA fragments using the boiling method, and detected 23 types of HPV genotypes by PCR-reverse blot hybridization. RESULTS: The positive detection rate was 54.31% of 1044 males with high risk of HPV (567/1044). Among these males, the positive detection rate of HPV was the highest in patients initially diagnosed with warts, and the rate was 66.47%. Five main HPV types are identified as follows: HPV6 18.87% (197/1044), HPV11 10.25% (107/1044), HPV52 8.81% (92/1044), HPV16 6.90% (72/1044), and HPV51 5.08% (53/1044). Among these HPV-infected patients, single infection mainly by low-risk HPV6 and HPV11 accounted for 56.61% (321/567); high- and low-risk combined HPV co-infections accounted for 29.10% (165/567). The HPV infected patients was mainly between 21 and 40 years old, and the HPV infection rate was higher with increased age. CONCLUSIONS: The HPV infection rate in the Qingyuan area is higher than in other areas and the main infection is single infection. Furthermore, HPV52, HPV16, and HPV51 are the main high-risk infection types, while HPV6 and HPV11 are the main low-risk infection types.

6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 113463, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049347

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Leeches (pinyin name Shui Zhi; Latin scientific name Hirudo; Hirudinea; Hirudinidae) and centipedes (pinyin name Wu Gong; Latin scientific name Scolopendridae; Chilopoda; Scolopendridae) are traditional Chinese medicines, and they belong to the family entomology. A combination of leech and centipede is used as an effective medicine to promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis in traditional Chinese medicine, and "leech-centipede" medicine has been used in many prescriptions to treat diabetic vascular disease, including diabetic erectile dysfunction (DIED). However, its specific mechanism remains unclear and requires in-depth study. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of "leech-centipede" medicine to improve erectile dysfunction-associated diabetes by detecting PKC pathway-related molecules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The active ingredients of "leech-centipede" medicine were identified using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Fifty male SPF rats were injected with streptozotocin to induce the DM model. Eight weeks later, the DMED model was validated with apomorphine. The DIED rats were divided into five groups-T,P,DD,DZ, and DG-and were separately treated with tadalafil, pathway inhibitor LY333531 and low-, medium-, and high-dose "leech-centipede" medicine for 8 weeks. After treatment, the blood glucose level was measured, erectile function with apomorphine was assessed, the LOX-1, sE-selectin, sICAM-1, SOD, and MDA in serum was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and flow cytometry was performed. After the collection of penile tissue, the related protein and mRNA expression was assessed by Western blotting and PCR, and the tissue and ultrastructure were analysed by HE staining, immunohistochemistry and scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: After treatment, the erectile function of rats was significantly improved in the T,P,DD,DZ, and DG groups compared with that in the model group. Thus, "leech-centipede" medicine can significantly reduce the levels of LOX-1, sE-selectin, sICAM-1, EMPs and CD62P to protect vascular endothelial function and anti-platelet activation, improving DIED rat erectile function. Additionally, "leech-centipede" medicine can increase SOD expression and decrease MDA expression, reducing the possibility of oxidative stress injury in DIED rats and improving the antioxidant capacity. Moreover, "leech-centipede" therapy can dramatically reduce the protein and mRNA expression of DAG, PKCß, NF-κB, and ICAM-1, improve vascular endothelial injury in DIED rats and inhibit abnormal platelet activation. CONCLUSION: "leech-centipede" medicine can improve erectile dysfunction by inhibiting the expression of PKC pathway-related molecules in DIED rats and protects endothelial function and anti-platelet activation.

7.
Int J Hematol ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074481

RESUMO

Differentiation therapies with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) have been successful in treating acute promyelocytic leukemia, a rare subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, their efficacy is limited in the case of other AML subtypes. Here, we show that the combination of ATRA with salt-inducible kinase (SIK) inhibition significantly enhances ATRA-mediated AML differentiation. SIK inhibition augmented the ability of ATRA to induce growth inhibition and G1 cell cycle arrest of AML cells. Moreover, combining ATRA and SIK inhibition synergistically activated the Akt signaling pathway but not the MAPK pathway. Pharmacological blockade of Akt activity suppressed the combination-induced differentiation, indicating an essential role for Akt in the action of the combination treatment. Taken together, our study reveals a novel role for SIK in the regulation of ATRA-mediated AML differentiation, implicating the combination of ATRA and SIK inhibition as a promising approach for future differentiation therapy.

8.
Protein Expr Purif ; 176: 105731, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871252

RESUMO

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is an old medicine derived from porcine pituitary gland that has been marketed for more than 60 years. In this study, we present a recombinant approach to produce ACTH in Escherichia coli (E. coli). The SUMO-tagged fusion protein was cloned and expressed after induction with isopropyl-ß-d-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) at 25 °C for 8 h. The fusion protein was extracted and purified by anion exchange chromatography, and the SUMO tag was subsequently removed by digestion with ubiquitin-like protease 1 (ULP1). Approximately 95.3 mg of recombinant ACTH with 94.2% purity was obtained after cation exchange purification performed on a 5 mL column, from 286 mL fermentation broth based on the amount of pellets homogenized. The molecular mass of the recombinant ACTH was confirmed by mass spectrometry to equal 4567.32 Da.

9.
J Healthc Eng ; 2020: 9205082, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908660

RESUMO

The early screening and diagnosis of tuberculosis plays an important role in the control and treatment of tuberculosis infections. In this paper, an integrated computer-aided system based on deep learning is proposed for the detection of multiple categories of tuberculosis lesions in chest radiographs. In this system, the fully convolutional neural network method is used to segment the lung area from the entire chest radiograph for pulmonary tuberculosis detection. Different from the previous analysis of the whole chest radiograph, we focus on the specific tuberculosis lesion areas for the analysis and propose the first multicategory tuberculosis lesion detection method. In it, a learning scalable pyramid structure is introduced into the Faster Region-based Convolutional Network (Faster RCNN), which effectively improves the detection of small-area lesions, mines indistinguishable samples during the training process, and uses reinforcement learning to reduce the detection of false-positive lesions. To compare our method with the current tuberculosis detection system, we propose a classification rule for whole chest X-rays using a multicategory tuberculosis lesion detection model and achieve good performance on two public datasets (Montgomery: AUC = 0.977 and accuracy = 0.926; Shenzhen: AUC = 0.941 and accuracy = 0.902). Our proposed computer-aided system is superior to current systems that can be used to assist radiologists in diagnoses and public health providers in screening for tuberculosis in areas where tuberculosis is endemic.

10.
Redox Biol ; 36: 101642, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32863238

RESUMO

Normal high-density lipoprotein (nHDL) in normal, healthy subjects is able to promote angiogenesis, but the mechanism remains incompletely understood. HDL from patients with coronary artery disease may undergo a variety of oxidative modifications, rendering it dysfunctional; whether the angiogenic effect is mitigated by such dysfunctional HDL (dHDL) is unknown. We hypothesized that dHDL compromises angiogenesis. The angiogenic effects of nHDL and dHDL were assessed using endothelial cell culture, endothelial sprouts from cardiac tissue from C57BL/6 mice, zebrafish model for vascular growth and a model of impaired vascular growth in hypercholesterolemic low-density lipoprotein receptor null(LDLr-/-)mice. MiRNA microarray and proteomic analyses were used to determine the mechanisms. Lipid hydroperoxides were greater in dHDL than in nHDL. While nHDL stimulated angiogenesis, dHDL attenuated these responses. Protein and miRNA profiles in endothelial cells differed between nHDL and dHDL treatments. Moreover, nHDL suppressed miR-24-3p expression to increase vinculin expression resulting in nitric oxide (NO) production, whereas dHDL delivered miR-24-3p to inhibit vinculin expression leading to superoxide anion (O2•-) generation via scavenger receptor class B type 1. Vinculin was required for endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression and activation and modulated the PI3K/AKT/eNOS and ERK1/2 signaling pathways to regulate nHDL- and VEGF-induced angiogenesis. Vinculin overexpression or miR-24-3p inhibition reversed dHDL-impaired angiogenesis. The expressions of vinculin and eNOS and angiogenesis were decreased, but the expression of miR-24-3p and lipid hydroperoxides in HDL were increased in the ischemic lower limbs of hypercholesterolemic LDLr-/- mice. Overexpression of vinculin or miR-24-3p antagomir restored the impaired-angiogenesis in ischemic hypercholesterolemic LDLr-/- mice. Collectively, nHDL stimulated vinculin and eNOS expression to increase NO production by suppressing miR-24-3p to induce angiogenesis, whereas dHDL inhibited vinculin and eNOS expression to enhance O2•- generation by delivering miR-24-3p to impair angiogenesis, and that vinculin and miR-24-3p may be therapeutic targets for dHDL-impaired angiogenesis.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915745

RESUMO

Diagnostic pathology is the foundation and gold standard for identifying carcinomas, and the accurate quantification of pathological images can provide objective clues for pathologists to make more convincing diagnosis. Recently, the encoder-decoder architectures (EDAs) of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are widely used in the analysis of pathological images. Despite the rapid innovation of EDAs, we have conducted extensive experiments based on a variety of commonly used EDAs, and found them cannot handle the interference of complex background in pathological images, making the architectures unable to focus on the regions of interest (RoI), thus making the quantitative results unreliable. Therefore, we proposed a pathway named GLobal Bank (GLB) to guide the encoder and the decoder to extract more features of RoI rather than the complex background. Sufficient experiments have proved that the architecture remoulded by GLB can achieve significant performance improvement, and the quantitative results are more accurate.

12.
Nature ; 585(7823): 63-67, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879503

RESUMO

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries with high energy density that can be safely charged and discharged at high rates are desirable for electrified transportation and other applications1-3. However, the sub-optimal intercalation potentials of current anodes result in a trade-off between energy density, power and safety. Here we report that disordered rock salt4,5 Li3+xV2O5 can be used as a fast-charging anode that can reversibly cycle two lithium ions at an average voltage of about 0.6 volts versus a Li/Li+ reference electrode. The increased potential compared to graphite6,7 reduces the likelihood of lithium metal plating if proper charging controls are used, alleviating a major safety concern (short-circuiting related to Li dendrite growth). In addition, a lithium-ion battery with a disordered rock salt Li3V2O5 anode yields a cell voltage much higher than does a battery using a commercial fast-charging lithium titanate anode or other intercalation anode candidates (Li3VO4 and LiV0.5Ti0.5S2)8,9. Further, disordered rock salt Li3V2O5 can perform over 1,000 charge-discharge cycles with negligible capacity decay and exhibits exceptional rate capability, delivering over 40 per cent of its capacity in 20 seconds. We attribute the low voltage and high rate capability of disordered rock salt Li3V2O5 to a redistributive lithium intercalation mechanism with low energy barriers revealed via ab initio calculations. This low-potential, high-rate intercalation reaction can be used to identify other metal oxide anodes for fast-charging, long-life lithium-ion batteries.

13.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To illuminate the prognostic value of ADC (apparent diffusion coefficient), an important quantitative parameter of diffusion-weighted MRI, for multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS: A prospective single-center study which enrolled 114 consecutive newly diagnosed MM patients with baseline whole-body diffusion-weighted MRI (WB DW-MRI) results was conducted. Baseline clinical and MRI parameters were analyzed with univariate and multivariate approaches to identify independent risk factors for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Five different DW-MRI patterns were seen, and the mean ADC value of the representative background bone marrow was 0.4662 ± 0.1939 × 10-3 mm2/s. After a mean follow-up of 50.2 months (range, 15.7-75.8 months), twenty-four patients died and seven were lost to follow-up. The mean ADC value of the representative background bone marrow was showed to be an independent risk factor for both PFS (HR 4.664; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.138-19.121; p = 0.032) and OS (HR 14.130; 95% CI 1.544-129.299; p = 0.019). Normal/salt-and-pepper pattern on DW-MRI was associated with PFS using univariate analysis (p = 0.035) but lost the significance with multivariate Cox regression. CONCLUSIONS: Mean ADC value of the representative background bone marrow predicts both PFS and OS which suggests the role of baseline DW-MRI for risk stratification in newly diagnosed MM patients. KEY POINTS: • Whole-body diffusion-weighted MRI (WB DW-MRI) might be helpful to improve the current risk stratification systems for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM). • Morphological parameters as MRI pattern and focal lesion-associated parameters have been reported to be related to survival. However, important functional parameters such as apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were not incorporated into the current risk stratification model. • This study is one of the first endeavors to delineate the correlation of baseline ADC values and survival in MM patients. It is revealed that the mean ADC value of the representative background bone marrow (L3-S1 and iliac bone) was an independent risk factor for both PFS and OS.

14.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 477, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) have a high suicide risk. Some evidence suggests that uric acid (UA) may be involved in the pathophysiology of MDD. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether serum UA levels were associated with suicide risk in MDD patients. METHODS: One hundred four female patients with MDD (52 patients with suicide risk and 52 patients without suicide risk) and 52 healthy individuals were included in this study. The suicide risk was evaluated by Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.). Fasting serum levels of UA, as well as glucose, lipid and renal function indicators were measured. RESULTS: Serum UA levels in MDD patients with suicide risk (245.01 ± 55.44 µmol/L) were significantly lower than those in MDD patients without suicide risk (274.17 ± 72.65 µmol/L) (p = 0.017) and healthy controls (271.42 ± 55.25 µmol/L) (p = 0.030). There was no difference in serum UA levels between the MDD patients without suicide risk and healthy controls (p = 0.821). Binary logistic regression analysis revealed a significant relationship between suicide risk and decreased serum UA levels (OR = 0.989, p = 0.010) in MDD patients. CONCLUSION: Decreased serum UA levels were associated with suicide risk in MDD patients. Purinergic system dysfunction may be involved in the neurobiological basis of suicide risk in these patients.

15.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(9): 942-947, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and outcome of neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in southwest Hubei, China. METHODS: According to the Montreux definition of neonatal ARDS, a retrospective clinical epidemiological investigation was performed on the medical data of neonates with ARDS who were admitted to Department of Neonatology/Pediatrics in 17 level 2 or level 3 hospitals in southwest Hubei from January to December, 2017. RESULTS: A total of 7 150 neonates were admitted to the 17 hospitals in southwest Hubei during 2017 and 66 (0.92%) were diagnosed with ARDS. Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 23 (35%) had mild ARDS, 28 (42%) had moderate ARDS, and 15 (23%) had severe ARDS. The main primary diseases for neonatal ARDS were perinatal asphyxia in 23 neonates (35%), pneumonia in 18 neonates (27%), sepsis in 12 neonates (18%), and meconium aspiration syndrome in 10 neonates (15%). Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 10 neonates (15%) were born to the mothers with an age of ≥35 years, 30 neonates (45%) suffered from intrauterine distress, 32 neonates (49%) had a 1-minute Apgar score of 0 to 7 points, 24 neonates (36%) had abnormal fetal heart monitoring results, and 21 neonates (32%) experienced meconium staining of amniotic fluid. Intraventricular hemorrhage was the most common comorbidity (12 neonates), followed by neonatal shock (9 neonates) and patent ductus arteriosus (8 neonates). All 66 neonates with ARDS were treated with mechanical ventilation in addition to the treatment for primary diseases. Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 10 died, with a mortality rate of 15% (10/66), and 56 neonates were improved or cured, with a survival rate of 85% (56/66). CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal ARDS in southwest Hubei is mostly mild or moderate. Perinatal asphyxia and infection may be the main causes of neonatal ARDS in this area. Intraventricular hemorrhage is the most common comorbidity. Neonates with ARDS tend to have a high survival rate after multimodality treatment.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido , China , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939075

RESUMO

Based on NH2-(AEEA)5-amphotericin B (DMR005; AEEA is 8-amino-3,6-dioxaoctanoic acid), a series of novel esterified and acylated derivatives of DMR005 were synthesized. These derivatives were evaluated for their antifungal activities using the broth dilution method, for their hemolytic toxicity with sterile defibrinated sheep blood, and for their self-association through UV-visible spectroscopy. The preliminary screening tests indicated that NH2-(AEEA)5-amphotericin B methyl ester (DMR031) was an ideal compound. The results of minimum inhibitory concentration and time-kill assays showed that antifungal activities of DMR031 (4 µg ml-1) against Candida albicans ATCC10231 and ATCC90028 were reduced by four times compared to these of amphotericin B (AmB) (1 µg ml-1). DMR031 (142 ± 1 mg ml-1) significantly improved the water solubility of AmB as DMR005 did. Preliminary safety assessments of DMR031 were carried out via cell toxicity assay of HEK293T in vitro, which turned out to be much better than AmB. AmB had good efficacy in vivo at a dose of 1 mg ml-1. However, DMR031 still had no efficacy in vivo even at a dose of 16 mg ml-1, merely prolonged the survival time of mice.

17.
Vaccine ; 38(46): 7379-7383, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guizhou Province of China implements a vaccination program specifying that children's vaccination records are to be checked upon entry to kindergarten and primary school; children missing one or more recommended vaccinations are to be offered the missed vaccinations; school-level vaccination coverage levels are assessed at the time of school enrollment and six months later to monitor compliance rates. METHODS: We obtained the number of doses of each vaccine in the national immunization schedule that were administered before and six months after kindergarten and school enrollment and reported to Guizhou Province during 2004 through 2018. We determined temporal trends in coverage of the second dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV2) and other vaccines, incidence of measles, and number of school-based measles outbreaks. RESULTS: MCV2 coverage at kindergarten entry increased from 53% in 2004 to 98% in 2018. Among children missing one or more vaccinations, the six-month catch-up rate of MCV2 increased from 80% in 2004 to 99% in 2018. Among primary school children, coverage of MCV2 and other recommended vaccines had similar increases. The annual incidence of measles among Guizhou's total population declined from 280 per million in 2003 to 0.3 per million in 2018. There have been no measles outbreaks in kindergartens or schools since 2015. CONCLUSIONS: Checking vaccination record at kindergartens and primary schools and providing necessary catch-up vaccination was associated with increased coverage of measles and other vaccines, lower incidence of measles, and an apparent end to school-based measles outbreaks. Guizhou's experience of checking vaccination records at school enrollment led to implementation of this strategy in other provinces. In 2019, the kindergarten and school entry vaccination record check program was incorporated into China's national vaccine law.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21753, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872068

RESUMO

RATIONAL: Tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency (THD) is a rare cause of dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD). Although the symptoms of DRD may be improved by treatment with L-dopa, the low morbidity of THD can lead to its misdiagnosis. Thus, it is important for physicians to be aware of THD as a cause of DRD. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report 3 cases of THD. A 5-year-old boy with DRD was diagnosed with THD and found to have compound heterozygous mutations of the TH gene, including TH:c.647G>C from his mother and TH:c.646G>A from his father. Two female siblings also were found to have TH:c.698G>A from their mother and TH:c.710T>C from their father. The younger daughter, at age 3.5 years, was diagnosed with DRD caused by THD, and then the diagnosis of the older daughter, at age 11 years, was changed from cerebral palsy to DRD caused by THD. DIAGNOSIS: The diagnosis of dopa-responsive dystonia caused by tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency was determined by whole exome sequencing. INTERVENTION: They all treated with low dose levodopa and benserazide tablets. OUTCOMES: The boy had a very good therapeutic effect, and he could walk very well by the second day of treatment. The younger sister of the siblings had a partial therapeutic effect, but her elder sister was only little effective with a milder improvement of dystonia and improvement of myodynamia. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of THD are heterogeneous, and its phenotypes are classified as type A or type B according to increasing severity. Generally, L-dopa has a good therapeutic effect in cases with type A phenotypes. We reviewed 87 cases of reported in the literature and found that c.698G>A and c.707T>C are hot spot mutations. Changes on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging were nonspecific. Analysis of neurotransmitter levels in cerebrospinal fluid is an invasive means of achieving a biochemical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Distúrbios Distônicos/congênito , Tirosina 3-Mono-Oxigenase/genética , Benserazida/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dopaminérgicos/uso terapêutico , Distúrbios Distônicos/complicações , Distúrbios Distônicos/tratamento farmacológico , Distúrbios Distônicos/genética , Humanos , Levodopa/uso terapêutico , Masculino
19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(37): 21520-21534, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955537

RESUMO

The infrared spectra of the C-H stretching vibrations of (pyridine)m, m = 1-3, and the N-H stretching vibrations of (pyridine)m-(NH3)n, m = 1, 2; n = 1-4, complexes were investigated by infrared (IR)-vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) spectroscopy under jet-cooled conditions. The ionization potential (IP0) of the pyridine monomer was determined to be 74 546 cm-1 (9.242 eV), while its complexes showed only smooth curves of the ionization thresholds at ∼9 eV, indicating large structural changes in the ionic form. The pyridine monomer exhibits five main features with several satellite bands in the C-H stretching region at 3000-3200 cm-1. Anharmonic calculations including Fermi-resonance were carried out to analyze the candidates of the overtone and combination bands which can couple to the C-H stretching fundamentals. For (pyridine)2 and (pyridine)3, most C-H bands are blue-shifted by 3-5 cm-1 from those of the monomer. The structures revealed by random searching algorithms with density functional methods indicate that the π-stacked structure is most stable for (pyridine)2, while (pyridine)3 prefers the structures stabilized by dipole-dipole and C-Hπ interactions. For the (pyridine)m-(NH3)n complexes, the mass spectrum exhibited a wide range distribution of the complexes. The observed IR spectra in the N-H stretching vibrations of the complexes showed four main bands in the 3200-3450 cm-1 region. These features are very similar to those of (NH3)n complexes, and the bands are assigned to the anti-symmetric N-H stretching band (ν3), the symmetric N-H stretching (ν1) band, and the first overtone bands of the N-H bending vibrations (2ν4). The anharmonic calculations including the Fermi-resonance between ν1 and 2ν4 well reproduced the observed spectra.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991779

RESUMO

Most prostate carcinomas require androgen stimulation to grow, and for nearly 70 years androgen ablation therapy has been one of the central therapeutic strategies against advanced prostate cancer. Although most tumours initially respond to this therapy, some will be acquired resistant and progress to metastatic castration-resistant (mCRPC) disease which clinically tends to progress more rapidly than earlier disease manifestations. The underlying molecular biology of mCRPC is highly complex, and numerous mechanisms have been proposed that promote and retain androgen independence. In various clinical and preclinical data explored, the nature of intracellular signalling pathways mediating mitogenic acquired resistant effects of GPCRs in prostate cancer is poorly defined. G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) contributes to the modulation of basic cellular functions-such as cell proliferation, survival, or motility-and is involved in metabolic homeostasis, inflammation, or angiogenic processes. Moreover, altered GRK2 levels are starting to be reported in different tumoural contexts and shown to promote breast tumourigenesis or to trigger the tumoural angiogenic switch. Thus, we are exploring recent findings that present unexpected opportunities to interfere with major tumourigenic signals by manipulating GPCR-mediated pathways.

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