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1.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591984

RESUMO

Rubia plants are one of the most important plant resources possessing significant commercial and medicinal values. Plant endophytes could benefit their host plants in different ways. Rubiaceae-type cyclopeptides (RAs), mainly isolated from Rubia plants, have attracted considerable attentions for their distinctive bicyclic structures and significant antitumor activities, but their contents in plants are low. The aim of this study is to investigate the diversity of endophytic fungi in Rubia plants and their potential for production of RAs. In this work, 143 endophytic fungi isolates were obtained from two Rubia plants. Phylogenetic analysis was performed based on the ITS rDNA sequences, and the isolates were classified into 29 genera. Among them, four endophytic fungal strains were found to produce anti-tumour RAs by LC-MS/MS analysis. This work successfully provides valuable knowledges of endophytic fungi microbiome in Rubia plants for agricultural and industrial applications, and exploits a new environmental-friendly resource of RAs.

2.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 764-769, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393242

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of base materials on stress distribution in endodontically treated maxillary premolars restored with endocrowns using three-dimensional finite element analysis. METHODS: A maxillary second premolar was scanned by Micro-CT and a three-dimensional finite element model of ceramic endocrown with 1 mm thickness of base was established. A model without base was also established as a negative control. Four kinds of conventional base materials with different elastic modulus were adopted: light cure glass ionomer(3M Vitrebond, 3 657 MPa), flowable composite resin(3M Filtek Z350XT Flowable Restorative, 7 300 MPa), high strength glass ionomer(GC Fuji Ⅸ, 13 130 MPa), and posterior composite resin(3M Filtek P60, 19 700 MPa). With a 200 N force loaded vertically and obliquely, the distribution and magnitude of stress in the tooth tissue and adhesive layer were investigated by three-dimensional finite element analysis. RESULTS: The maximum von Mises stress values(vertical/oblique) in dentin and adhesive layer were measured as follows: (1) no base material: 19.39/70.49 MPa in dentin and 6.97/17.97 MPa in adhesive layer; (2) light cure glass ionomer: 19.00/69.75 MPa in dentin and 6.87/16.30 MPa in adhesive layer; (3) flowable composite resin: 18.78/69.33 MPa in dentin and 6.79/16.17 MPa in adhesive layer; (4) high strength glass ionomer: 18.71/69.20 MPa in dentin and 6.74/16.07 MPa in adhesive layer; (5) posterior composite resin: 18.61/69.03 MPa in dentin and 6.70/16.01 MPa in adhesive layer. Under the same loading condition, models with different elastic moduli of base materials had similar stress distribution patterns. The von Mises stress of tooth tissue was mainly concentrated in the tooth cervix. Under oblique load, the regions where von Mises stress concentrated in were similar to those under a vertical load, but the values increased. The stress concentration in the tooth cervix was alleviated in models with base materials compared with the model without base material. The maximum von Mises stress in the tooth tissue and adhesive layer decreased when the elastic modulus of base materials increased and got close to that of dentin. CONCLUSION: The posterior composite resin of which the elastic moduli is high and close to that of dentin is recommended as base material for premolar endocrowns to alleviate the concentration of stress in tooth cervix and adhesive layer.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Colo do Dente , Dente Pré-Molar , Cerâmica , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Estresse Mecânico , Microtomografia por Raio-X
3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(8): 973-977, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445835

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the carriage characteristics of Neisseria meningitidis (Nm) among healthy population of epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis in Shandong province. Methods: From April 2008 to April 2020, a total of 16 848 healthy population were recruited from Lixia District of Jinan City, Gaomi City of Weifang City, Jiaxiang County of Jining City, Wendeng District of Weihai City, Tancheng County of Linyi City and Linyi County of Dezhou City for the investigation.Throat swab samples were collected, Nm was isolated, cultured and identified, and Nm carrying characteristics of healthy population with different characteristics were analyzed. Results: Among the 16 848 healthy population, male accounted for 51.86% (8 737). A total of 136 Nm strains were isolated, and the carriage rate was 0.81%. Among the 136 Nm strains, serogroup B (60.29%) and ungroupable strains (23.53%) were dominant. Analysis of the Nm carriage rate, that were higher in the healthy population of Linyi (1.39%) and Jinan (1.14%), higher in 13-16 years old (1.60%) and 17-19 years old (1.10%) healthy population, and higher in male (1.02%). Conclusion: The Nm carriage rate of healthy population is relatively low in Shandong Province, and the proportion of serogroup B and ungroupable Nm is relatively high.


Assuntos
Meningite Meningocócica , Neisseria meningitidis , Adolescente , Portador Sadio/epidemiologia , Cidades , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Meningite Meningocócica/epidemiologia , Sorogrupo
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42: 1-6, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404153

RESUMO

This paper summarizes the basic principles and models of early warning for infectious disease outbreaks, introduces the early warning systems for infectious disease based on different data sources and their applications, and discusses the application potential of big data and their analysing techniques, which have been studied and used in the prevention and control of COVID-19 pandemic, including internet inquiry, social media, mobile positioning, in the early warning of infectious diseases in order to provide reference for the establishment of an intelligent early warning mechanism and platform for infectious diseases based on multi-source big data.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(24): 241103, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213924

RESUMO

We report the discovery of an extended very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray source around the location of the middle-aged (207.8 kyr) pulsar PSR J0622+3749 with the Large High-Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO). The source is detected with a significance of 8.2σ for E>25 TeV assuming a Gaussian template. The best-fit location is (right ascension, declination) =(95.47°±0.11°,37.92°±0.09°), and the extension is 0.40°±0.07°. The energy spectrum can be described by a power-law spectrum with an index of -2.92±0.17_{stat}±0.02_{sys}. No clear extended multiwavelength counterpart of the LHAASO source has been found from the radio to sub-TeV bands. The LHAASO observations are consistent with the scenario that VHE electrons escaped from the pulsar, diffused in the interstellar medium, and scattered the interstellar radiation field. If interpreted as the pulsar halo scenario, the diffusion coefficient, inferred for electrons with median energies of ∼160 TeV, is consistent with those obtained from the extended halos around Geminga and Monogem and much smaller than that derived from cosmic ray secondaries. The LHAASO discovery of this source thus likely enriches the class of so-called pulsar halos and confirms that high-energy particles generally diffuse very slowly in the disturbed medium around pulsars.

6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(26): 2029-2036, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275235

RESUMO

The disease burden and economic burden of seasonal influenza is substantial in China, and the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has brought new challenges to the prevention and control of influenza. As a priority group of influenza vaccination, the elderly are at higher risk of influenza-associated severe symptoms and deaths, and they are more price-sensitive vaccine users with better cost-effectiveness of vaccination program. Therefore, a reasonable financing mechanism of influenza vaccination should be designed for the elderly to increase their vaccination rate. This study proposes three financing strategies of influenza vaccination for the elderly in China, trying to explore the distribution of vaccination costs among individuals, central government and local governments under different financing strategies, including the individual-central-local mechanism (strategy 1), the central-local mechanism (strategy 2), and the local payment mechanism (strategy 3). Strategy 1 is feasible and sustainable for most regions in the short term. Strategy 2 is conducive to further increasing the vaccine coverage rate of the elderly. Strategy 3 encourages local fiscal payments to help relieve the financial pressure of the central government. The results revealed a relatively heavy financial burden of influenza vaccination for the elderly, and it is recommended to promote the development of a multiparty co-payment mechanism gradually based on local conditions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Influenza Humana , Idoso , China , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
7.
Science ; 373(6553): 425-430, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261813

RESUMO

The Crab Nebula is a bright source of gamma rays powered by the Crab Pulsar's rotational energy through the formation and termination of a relativistic electron-positron wind. We report the detection of gamma rays from this source with energies from 5 × 10-4 to 1.1 peta-electron volts with a spectrum showing gradual steepening over three energy decades. The ultrahigh-energy photons imply the presence of a peta-electron volt electron accelerator (a pevatron) in the nebula, with an acceleration rate exceeding 15% of the theoretical limit. We constrain the pevatron's size between 0.025 and 0.1 parsecs and the magnetic field to ≈110 microgauss. The production rate of peta-electron volt electrons, 2.5 × 1036 ergs per second, constitutes 0.5% of the pulsar spin-down luminosity, although we cannot exclude a contribution of peta-electron volt protons to the production of the highest-energy gamma rays.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(20): 201102, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110215

RESUMO

The measurement of the energy spectrum of cosmic ray helium nuclei from 70 GeV to 80 TeV using 4.5 years of data recorded by the Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE) is reported in this work. A hardening of the spectrum is observed at an energy of about 1.3 TeV, similar to previous observations. In addition, a spectral softening at about 34 TeV is revealed for the first time with large statistics and well controlled systematic uncertainties, with an overall significance of 4.3σ. The DAMPE spectral measurements of both cosmic protons and helium nuclei suggest a particle charge dependent softening energy, although with current uncertainties a dependence on the number of nucleons cannot be ruled out.

10.
Science ; 372(6547): 1192-1196, 2021 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112691

RESUMO

Extending the framework of statistical physics to the nonequilibrium setting has led to the discovery of previously unidentified phases of matter, often catalyzed by periodic driving. However, preventing the runaway heating that is associated with driving a strongly interacting quantum system remains a challenge in the investigation of these newly discovered phases. In this work, we utilize a trapped-ion quantum simulator to observe the signatures of a nonequilibrium driven phase without disorder-the prethermal discrete time crystal. Here, the heating problem is circumvented not by disorder-induced many-body localization, but rather by high-frequency driving, which leads to an expansive time window where nonequilibrium phases can emerge. Floquet prethermalization is thus presented as a general strategy for creating, stabilizing, and studying intrinsically out-of-equilibrium phases of matter.

11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(6): 727-731, 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139811

RESUMO

Objective: Investigate and analyze the etiology and serological diagnosis capabilities of pertussis in medical institutions in Shandong Province in 2018. Methods: Using the census method, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 603 second and above level medical institutions in Shandong Province. The deadline for the survey was December 2018, and a total of 543 questionnaires have been recovered, and the validity rate of the questionnaires was 90%. Surveyed the pertussis etiology and serology test items (pertussis IgM and IgG, pertussis nucleic acid and pertussis bacterial culture) and the start time of each test item by questionnaire. The reported cases (confirmed cases and clinically diagnosed cases) between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2018 were derived from the Chinese Disease Control and Prevention Information System according to the onset date. We used indicators such as fixed-base development speed, chain development speed, and chain growth speed for analysis. The chi test was used to analyze the differences in the composition ratio of medical institutions with detection ability in different levels and regions, and analyze the changes in the number of reported cases before and after the development of pertussis etiology and serology testing. Results: A total of 543 medical institutions accounted for 90.0% (543/603) of all secondary and above level medical institutions in the province, 356 secondary medical institutions (65.6%), and 187 tertiary medical institutions (34.4%). There were 10 medical institutions that carry out pertussis IgM, IgG and nucleic acid testing, accounting for 1.8% (10/543) of the surveyed medical institutions respectively. 2 medical institutions that carried out bacterial culture, accounting for 0.4% of the surveyed medical institutions (2/543). 20 medical institutions have carried out the above tests (8 secondary medical institutions and 12 tertiary medical institutions), accounting for 3.7% (20/543). The proportion of tertiary medical institutions with pertussis IgM, IgG detection and nucleic acid detection capabilities [6.42% (12/187)] was significantly higher than that of secondary medical institutions [2.25% (8/356)] (χ²=6.01, P=0.014). From 2012 to 2018, the fixed base ratio development speed of reported cases was 3 834.69% in Shandong Province, among which medical institutions with etiology and serological testing capabilities reached 4 533.33%. In 13 medical institutions, the average annual number of reported cases after pertussis etiology and serological testing were higher than that of reported cases before testing. Conclusion: The ability of pertussis etiology and serology diagnosis of secondary and above medical institutions in Shandong Province needs to be improved.


Assuntos
Coqueluche , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Coqueluche/diagnóstico
12.
Nature ; 594(7861): 33-36, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002091

RESUMO

The extension of the cosmic-ray spectrum beyond 1 petaelectronvolt (PeV; 1015 electronvolts) indicates the existence of the so-called PeVatrons-cosmic-ray factories that accelerate particles to PeV energies. We need to locate and identify such objects to find the origin of Galactic cosmic rays1. The principal signature of both electron and proton PeVatrons is ultrahigh-energy (exceeding 100 TeV) γ radiation. Evidence of the presence of a proton PeVatron has been found in the Galactic Centre, according to the detection of a hard-spectrum radiation extending to 0.04 PeV (ref. 2). Although γ-rays with energies slightly higher than 0.1 PeV have been reported from a few objects in the Galactic plane3-6, unbiased identification and in-depth exploration of PeVatrons requires detection of γ-rays with energies well above 0.1 PeV. Here we report the detection of more than 530 photons at energies above 100 teraelectronvolts and up to 1.4 PeV from 12 ultrahigh-energy γ-ray sources with a statistical significance greater than seven standard deviations. Despite having several potential counterparts in their proximity, including pulsar wind nebulae, supernova remnants and star-forming regions, the PeVatrons responsible for the ultrahigh-energy γ-rays have not yet been firmly localized and identified (except for the Crab Nebula), leaving open the origin of these extreme accelerators.

13.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(3): 161-170, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874710

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of interpregnancy interval (IPI) on pregnancy outcomes of subsequent pregnancy. Methods: A multicenter retrospective study was conducted in 21 hospitals in China. Information of age, height, pre-pregnancy weight, IPI, history of diseases, complications of pregnancy, gestational age of delivery, delivery mode, and pregnancy outcomes of the participants were collected by consulting medical records of pregnant women who had two consecutive deliveries in the same hospital during 2011 to 2018. The participants were divided into 4 groups according to IPI:<18 months, 18-23 months, 24-59 months and ≥60 months. According to the WHO's recommendation, with the IPI of 24-59 months group as a reference, to the effects of IPI on pregnancy outcomes of subsequent pregnancy were analyzed. Stratified analysis was further carried out based on age, history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), macrosomia, and premature delivery, to explore the differences in the effects of IPI on pregnancy outcomes among women with different characteristics. Results: A total of 8 026 women were included in this study. There were 423, 623, 5 512 and 1 468 participants in <18 months group, 18-23 months group, 24-59 months group and ≥60 months group, respectively. (1) The age, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), history of cesarean section, GDM, gestational hypertension and cesarean section delivery rate of <18 months group, 18-23 months group, 24-59 months group and ≥60 months group were gradually increased, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). (2) After adjusting for potential confounding factors, compared with women in the IPI of 24-59 months group, the risk of premature delivery, premature rupture of membranes, and oligohydramnios were increased by 42% (OR=1.42, 95%CI: 1.07-1.88, P=0.015), 46% (OR=1.46, 95%CI: 1.13-1.88, P=0.004), and 64% (OR=1.64, 95%CI: 1.13-2.38, P=0.009) respectively for women in the IPI≥60 months group. No effects of IPI on other pregnancy outcomes were found in this study (P>0.05). (3) After stratified by age and adjusted for confounding factors, compared with women in the IPI of 24-59 months group, IPI≥60 months would significantly increase the risk of oligohydramnios for women with advanced age (OR=2.87, 95%CI: 1.41-5.83, P=0.004); and <18 months could increase the risk of premature rupture of membranes for women under the age of 35 (OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.04-2.43, P=0.032). Both the risk of premature rupture of membranes (OR=1.58, 95%CI: 1.18-2.13, P=0.002) and premature delivery (OR=1.52, 95%CI: 1.07-2.17, P=0.020) were significantly increased in the IPI≥60 months group. After stratified by history of GDM and adjusted for confounding factors, compared with women in the IPI of 24-59 months group, IPI≥60 months would lead to an increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage for women with a history of GDM (OR=5.34, 95%CI: 1.45-19.70, P=0.012) and an increased risk of premature rupture of membranes for women without a history of GDM (OR=1.44, 95%CI: 1.10-1.90, P=0.009). After stratified by history of macrosomia and adjusted for confounding factors, compared with women in the IPI of 24-59 months group, IPI≥60 months could increase the proportion of cesarean section for women with a history of macrosomia (OR=4.11, 95%CI: 1.18-14.27, P=0.026) and the risk of premature rupture of membranes for women without a history of macrosomia (OR=1.46, 95%CI: 1.12-1.89, P=0.005). After stratified by history of premature delivery and adjusted for confounding factors, compared with women in the IPI of 24-59 months group, IPI≥60 months would significantly increase the risk of premature rupture of membranes for women without a history of premature delivery (OR=1.47, 95%CI: 1.13-1.92, P=0.004). Conclusions: Both IPI≥60 months and <18 months would increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in the subsequent pregnancy. Healthcare education and consultation should be conducted for women of reproductive age to maintain an appropriate IPI when they plan to pregnant again, to reduce the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in the subsequent pregnancy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Nascimento Prematuro , Intervalo entre Nascimentos , Cesárea , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Neuromuscul Disord ; 31(5): 371-384, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685841

RESUMO

Our retrospective immunohistochemical study of normal quadriceps muscle biopsies shows that embryonic myosin heavy chains are down-regulated by, or soon after, birth. Fetal myosin heavy chains are down-regulated by 4-6 months. Thus the presence of an appreciable number of fibres with embryonic myosin heavy chains at birth or of fetal myosin heavy chains after 6 months of age suggests a delay in maturation or an underlying abnormality. Regenerating fibres in dystrophic muscle often co-express both embryonic and fetal myosin heavy chains but more fibres with fetal than embryonic myosin heavy chains can occur. Embryonic myosin heavy chains are a useful marker of regeneration but effects of denervation, stress, disuse, and fibre maintenance also have to be taken into account. In neurogenic disorders fibres with embryonic myosin heavy chains are rare but fetal myosin heavy chain expression is common, particularly in 5q spinal muscle atrophy. Nuclear clumps in denervated muscle show fetal and sometimes embryonic myosin heavy chains. Developmentally regulated myosins are useful for highlighting the perifascicular atrophy in juvenile dermatomyositis. Our studies highlight the importance of baseline data for embryonic and fetal myosin heavy chains in human muscle biopsies and the importance of assessing them in a spectrum of neuromuscular disorders.

15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(4): 1936-1943, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of differential diagnosis between acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) and pleomorphic adenoma (PA) using the quantitative parameters of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two ACC and 98 PA were retrospectively analyzed. These patients had been examined via routine pre-surgical two-dimensional ultrasound and CEUS. The examination results were confirmed by biopsy pathology. Qontrast 4.0 imaging analysis software was applied to obtain the maximum intensity (PEAK), time to peak (TTP), regional blood volume (RBV), regional blood flow (RBF), maximum signal intensity (SImax) and mean signal intensity (SImean) through quantitative analysis. The differences between ACC and PA were compared regarding the conventional ultrasound images and the quantitative parameters of CEUS. ROC curves were drawn to evaluate the diagnostic value of these parameters. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between salivary gland ACC and PA in the manifestations of conventional two-dimensional ultrasound examination regarding morphology, internal echo and the boundary (p > 0.05). However, there were significant differences in PEAK, RBV, RBF, SImax and SImean between ACC and PA (p < 0.05). Additionally, the five quantitative parameters of CEUS were all highly accurate diagnostic indicators. The maximum area under the curve of each parameter was 0.888, sensitivity 72.6%, specificity 90.9% and accuracy 81.8%. CONCLUSIONS: The quantitative parameters of CEUS are helpful for differentially diagnosing salivary ACC and PA.

16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(8): 527-529, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663185

RESUMO

Series of the studies and consensus on the basic research on seasonal and animal influenza virus, clinical characteristics of patients with pneumonia caused by influenza A (H1N1) and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), disease burden of influenza, and promotion of influenza vaccination for the elderly were published in this special issue, aiming to describe the feature of influenza virological and clinical characteristics, health and economic burden, and vaccination. These researches emphasized the importance of the integration between basic medicine, clinical medicine, public health and preventive medicine in the prevention and control of infectious diseases. Based on the concept of population medicine, promoting the integration of multidisciplinary and strengthening prevention, control and pandemic preparedness on influenza, corona virus disease 2019 and other infectious diseases, could consolidate the foundation of surveillance and early warning, prevention and control, diagnosis and treatment of emerging infectious diseases, as well as improve the ability of emergency preparedness for public health events.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Influenza Humana , Idoso , Humanos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(1): 335-343, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a serious cardiovascular disease that threatens human life. MicroRNA is considered to be an important participant in the pathophysiology of AMI. This article focused on the role of microRNA-495 (miR-495) in regulating apoptosis after myocardial infarction (MI) and its underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: H9c2 cells were cultured in an incubator containing 1% O2 to establish a cell model of MI. Quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was utilized to detect miR-495 expression in H9c2 cells. The effects of miR-495 and NFIB on hypoxia-treated H9c2 cells were observed by Western blot, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) detection, MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay, flow cytometry, and terminal dexynucleotidyl transferase(TdT)-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. Luciferase reporter gene experiment was used to prove the regulatory relationship between miR-495 and NFIB. RESULTS: Hypoxia induced injury to H9c2 cells, which was manifested by decreased cell viability, increased LDH release, increased pro-apoptotic proteins (Bax, Cleaved Caspase-3) expression, decreased anti-apoptotic protein (Bcl-2) expression, and increased in the rate of apoptosis and TUNEL positive cells. MiR-495 expression was remarkably increased in H9c2 cells treated with hypoxia. Inhibiting miR-495 expression markedly alleviated the hypoxia-induced injury in H9c2 cells, while silencing NFIB aggravated the hypoxia-induced damage. In addition, NFIB was confirmed to be the target of miR-495. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-495 expression was increased in hypoxia-treated H9c2 cells. Silencing miR-495 could significantly inhibit hypoxia-induced apoptosis of H9c2 cells by targeting NFIB.


Assuntos
Hipóxia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFI/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Células Cultivadas , MicroRNAs/genética , Fatores de Transcrição NFI/genética , Ratos
18.
J Small Anim Pract ; 62(4): 286-292, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496345

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate if maternal folic acid supplementation (5 mg) is associated with a reduction of cleft palates, umbilical hernias, stillbirths and caesarean sections in a guide dog breeding colony. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers and Labrador/golden Crosses from the breeding colony of a professional guide dog training organisation were eligible for inclusion. Dams in the treatment group (n = 137) received 5 mg oral folic acid supplementation daily from the start of pro-oestrous through day 40 of gestation. A historical control group (n = 134) was selected from the previous calendar year for comparison. A logistic regression model identified the relative risk of disease (cleft palates, umbilical hernias, stillbirths and caesarean sections) for puppies whose dams did or did not receive folic acid supplementation. RESULTS: A total of 1917 puppies (890 control, 1027 treatment; from 294 litters) were produced during the entire study period, with 994 puppies (494 control, 500 treatment; from 144 litters) born to the subset of dams (n = 72) who produced litters during both the control and treatment periods. All 95% highest posterior densities of relative risk included 1.0, failing to detect differences between the treatment and control groups on incidence rate of cleft palate (control: 2.25%; treatment: 2.34%), umbilical hernias (control: 1.91%; treatment: 3.12%), stillbirths (control: 3.26%; treatment: 2.92%) and caesarean sections (control: 1.45%; treatment: 1.28%). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: There was no observable reduction of cleft palate, umbilical hernia, stillbirth or caesarean section associated with folic acid supplementation during pregnancy in the study colony. For a domestic dog cohort with a low tendency of hereditary malformations, such as this study colony, 5 mg dietary folic acid supplementation should not be expected to drastically improve or eradicate these diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Natimorto , Animais , Cesárea/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle , Cães , Feminino , Ácido Fólico , Gravidez , Animais de Trabalho , Natimorto/veterinária
20.
Osteoarthritis Cartilage ; 29(4): 568-578, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485931

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study is to characterize the role of long intergenic non-coding RNA, regulator of reprogramming (linc-ROR) in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSCs) chondrogenesis, cartilage formation and OA development. METHODS: Linc-ROR expression pattern in articular cartilage tissue sample from OA patients were studied by real-time PCR. Linc-ROR lentivirus mediated BMSCs were constructed. In vitro micromass cultured BMSCs chondrogenesis or in vivo MeHA hydrogel encapsulated BMSCs cartilage formation activity were studied. Linc-ROR associating miRNAs which repressed SOX9 expression were characterized by luciferase assay, real-time PCR and Western blot. Linc-ROR was co-transfected with miRNAs into BMSCs to study its rescue effect on SOX9 expression and chondrogenesis activity. RESULTS: Linc-ROR was down-regulated in articular cartilage tissue from OA patients and was positively correlated with the expression level of SOX9 (R2 = 0.43). Linc-ROR expression was upregulated during BMSCs chondrogenesis. Linc-ROR ectopic expression significantly promoted in vitro BMSCs chondrogenesis and in vivo cartilage formation activities as revealed by safranin O, alcian blue and COL II staining. The mRNA expression level of chondrogenesis markers including COL II, SOX9 and ACAN were increased, and the hypertrophy markers MMP13 and COL X were decreased upon linc-ROR overexpression in BMSCs. Linc-ROR functioned as a miRNA sponge for miR-138 and miR-145. Both miR-138 and miR-145 suppressed BMSCs chondrogenesis activity and SOX9 expression, while co-expression of linc-ROR displayed a rescuing effect. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, linc-ROR modulated BMSCs chondrogenesis differentiation and cartilage formation by acting as a competing endogenous RNA for miR-138 and miR-145 and activating SOX9 expression. Linc-ROR could be considered as a new diagnostic and therapeutic target for OA treatment.

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