Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 676
Filtrar
1.
Clin Cardiol ; 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation has emerged as a major strategy for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Atrial electrical remodeling (AER) plays a critical role in the recurrence of PAF after ablation. HYPOTHESIS: To characterize the immediate trends of AER during ablations in patients with PAF, and assess the relationship between immediate trends and recurrence. METHODS: We performed this prospective observational study of 135 patients to investigate AER following three ablation modes: radiofrequency ablation (RFA), cryoablation (CA) and 3D mapping-guided cryoablation (3D-CA). The atrial effective refractory period (AERP) and atrial conduction time (ACT) were measured via electrophysiology before and immediately after ablation, and P-wave indices were measured via electrocardiography before and within 24 h after ablation. Follow-up visits were conducted for at least 1 year or until relapse. RESULTS: Different approaches of ablation caused a fairly significant increase in the shortest P-wave duration and AERP in both the proximal coronary sinus (PCS) and distal coronary sinus (DCS) but caused a shortened P-wave dispersion. No different effect was found at the AERP among the three modes. Compared to patients who received CA, among patients who received RFA, a significant reduction in total ACT and right ACT was seen. Statistically, there was a weakly positive association between changes in total ACT and early recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Injury during ablation for PAF was associated with an increase in the AERP but not in the ACT. Total ACT and right ACT were shorter after RFA than after CA. The increase in total ACT were slightly predictive of early recurrence.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 415, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) is a superfamily of transcription factors that is widely found in plants and animals, and is the second largest transcription factor family in eukaryotes after MYB. They have been shown to be important regulatory components in tissue development and many different biological processes. However, no systemic analysis of the bHLH transcription factor family has yet been reported in Sorghum bicolor. RESULTS: We conducted the first genome-wide analysis of the bHLH transcription factor family of Sorghum bicolor and identified 174 SbbHLH genes. Phylogenetic analysis of SbbHLH proteins and 158 Arabidopsis thaliana bHLH proteins was performed to determine their homology. In addition, conserved motifs, gene structure, chromosomal spread, and gene duplication of SbbHLH genes were studied in depth. To further infer the phylogenetic mechanisms in the SbbHLH family, we constructed six comparative syntenic maps of S. bicolor associated with six representative species. Finally, we analyzed the gene-expression response and tissue-development characteristics of 12 typical SbbHLH genes in plants subjected to six different abiotic stresses. Gene expression during flower and fruit development was also examined. CONCLUSIONS: This study is of great significance for functional identification and confirmation of the S. bicolor bHLH superfamily and for our understanding of the bHLH superfamily in higher plants.


Assuntos
Sorghum , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Genoma de Planta , Filogenia , Sorghum/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
3.
Cell Res ; 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112954

RESUMO

Cytokine storm and multi-organ failure are the main causes of SARS-CoV-2-related death. However, the origin of excessive damages caused by SARS-CoV-2 remains largely unknown. Here we show that the SARS-CoV-2 envelope (2-E) protein alone is able to cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)-like damages in vitro and in vivo. 2-E proteins were found to form a type of pH-sensitive cation channels in bilayer lipid membranes. As observed in SARS-CoV-2-infected cells, heterologous expression of 2-E channels induced rapid cell death in various susceptible cell types and robust secretion of cytokines and chemokines in macrophages. Intravenous administration of purified 2-E protein into mice caused ARDS-like pathological damages in lung and spleen. A dominant negative mutation lowering 2-E channel activity attenuated cell death and SARS-CoV-2 production. Newly identified channel inhibitors exhibited potent anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity and excellent cell protective activity in vitro and these activities were positively correlated with inhibition of 2-E channel. Importantly, prophylactic and therapeutic administration of the channel inhibitor effectively reduced both the viral load and secretion of inflammation cytokines in lungs of SARS-CoV-2-infected transgenic mice expressing human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE-2). Our study supports that 2-E is a promising drug target against SARS-CoV-2.

4.
Zool Res ; 42(3): 350-353, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998182

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has become an unprecedented global health emergency. At present, SARS-CoV-2-infected nonhuman primates are considered the gold standard animal model for COVID-19 research. Here, we showed that northern pig-tailed macaques ( Macaca leonina, NPMs) supported SARS-CoV-2 replication. Furthermore, compared with rhesus macaques, NPMs showed rapid viral clearance in lung tissues, nose swabs, throat swabs, and rectal swabs, which may be due to higher expression of interferon (IFN)-α in lung tissue. However, the rapid viral clearance was not associated with good outcome. In the second week post infection, NPMs developed persistent or even more severe inflammation and body injury compared with rhesus macaques. These results suggest that viral clearance may have no relationship with COVID-19 progression and SARS-CoV-2-infected NPMs could be considered as a critically ill animal model in COVID-19 research.


Assuntos
COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/virologia , Macaca nemestrina , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interferon-alfa/análise , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/virologia , Nariz/virologia , Faringe/virologia , RNA Viral/análise , Reto/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/genética
5.
Zool Res ; 42(3): 335-338, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998180

RESUMO

The global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), as of 8 May 2021, has surpassed 150 700 000 infections and 3 279 000 deaths worldwide. Evidence indicates that SARS-CoV-2 RNA can be detected on particulate matter (PM), and COVID-19 cases are correlated with levels of air pollutants. However, the mechanisms of PM involvement in the spread of SARS-CoV-2 remain poorly understood. Here, we found that PM exposure increased the expression level of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) in several epithelial cells and increased the adsorption of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. Instillation of PM in a hACE2 mouse model significantly increased the expression of ACE2 and Tmprss2 and viral replication in the lungs. Furthermore, PM exacerbated the pulmonary lesions caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection in the hACE2 mice. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that PM is an epidemiological factor of COVID-19, emphasizing the necessity of wearing anti-PM masks to cope with this global pandemic.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , COVID-19/induzido quimicamente , COVID-19/imunologia , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , SARS-CoV-2 , Adsorção/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/induzido quimicamente , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/imunologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Material Particulado/química , RNA Viral/análise , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Analyst ; 146(10): 3234-3241, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33999045

RESUMO

Rapid and efficient biological sample preparation and pretreatment are crucial for highly sensitive, reliable and reproducible molecular detection of infectious diseases. Herein, we report a self-powered, integrated sample concentrator (SPISC) for rapid plasma separation, pathogen lysis, nucleic acid trapping and enrichment at the point of care. The proposed sample concentrator uses a combination of gravitational sedimentation of blood cells and capillary force for rapid, self-powered plasma separation. The pathogens (e.g., HIV virus) in separated plasma were directly lysed and pathogen nucleic acid was enriched by an integrated, flow-through FTA® membrane in the concentrator, enabling highly efficient nucleic acid preparation. The FTA® membrane of the SPISC is easy to store and transport at room temperature without need for uninterrupted cold chain, which is crucial for point of care sampling in resource-limited settings. The platform has been successfully applied to detect HIV virus in blood samples. Our experiments show that the sample concentrator can achieve a plasma separation efficiency as high as 95% and a detection sensitivity as low as 10 copies per 200 µL blood (∼100 copies per mL plasma) with variability less than 7%. The sample concentrator described is fully compatible with downstream nucleic acid detection and has great potential for early diagnostics, monitoring and management of infectious diseases at the point of care.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por HIV , Ácidos Nucleicos , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Impressão Tridimensional
7.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613211012927, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006133

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of age on the olfactory function recovery of chronic rhinosinusitis patients after endoscopic sinus surgery and related risk factors. METHODS: A total of 176 chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients enrolled from February 2017 to October 2019 were divided into child, youth, middle-aged, and elderly groups. Their baseline data, T&T olfactory test score, visual analogue scale (VAS) olfactory score, sinus computed tomography (CT) Lund-Mackay score, and Lund-Kennedy score were compared. Based on postoperative olfactory function, they were divided into good and poor improvement groups. RESULTS: Complication with nasal polyps, allergic rhinitis history, and sinus surgery history had significant differences among patients of different ages (P < .05). Three months after surgery, T&T olfactory, VAS olfactory, Lund-Mackay, and Lund-Kennedy scores all rose with increasing age, with significant differences between any 2 groups (P < .05). The improvement of postoperative olfactory function became poorer with aging (P < .05). T&T and VAS olfactory scores had significant positive correlations with Lund-Mackay and Lund-Kennedy scores (P < .001). Age, preoperative Lund-Mackay and Lund-Kennedy scores, complication with nasal polyps, allergic rhinitis history, sinus surgery history, and postoperative complications were risk factors for the poor improvement of postoperative olfactory function. Doctor-directed treatment was a protective factor for good improvement. CONCLUSIONS: The improvement of olfactory function of CRS patients after endoscopic sinus surgery declines with aging. Age, preoperative Lund-Mackay and Lund-Kennedy scores, complication with nasal polyps, allergic rhinitis history, sinus surgery history, and postoperative complications are risk factors for the poor improvement of postoperative olfactory function. Doctor-directed treatment is a protective factor for good improvement.

8.
J Mol Biol ; : 167056, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022207

RESUMO

Cation-chloride cotransporters (CCCs) are responsible for the coupled co-transport of Cl- with K+ and/or Na+ in an electroneutral manner. They play important roles in myriad fundamental physiological processes--from cell volume regulation to transepithelial solute transport and intracellular ion homeostasis--and are targeted by medicines commonly prescribed to treat hypertension and edema. After several decades of studies into the functions and pharmacology of these transporters, there have been several breakthroughs in the structural determination of CCC transporters. The insights provided by these new structures for the Na+/K+/Cl- cotransporter NKCC1 and the K+/Cl- cotransporters KCC1, KCC2, KCC3 and KCC4 have deepened our understanding of their molecular basis and transport function. This focused review discusses recent advances in our structural and mechanistic understanding of CCC transporters, including architecture, dimerization, functional roles of regulatory domains, ion binding sites, and coupled ion transport.

9.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-8, 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024210

RESUMO

Eating behaviors are associated with health outcomes. However, data regarding the association between eating behaviors and depressive symptoms in Chinese adults are limited. We hypothesized that Chinese adults with problematic eating behaviors would likely have depressive symptoms compared to those with good eating behaviors. We included 1,998 participants (aged 25-68). Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the association between eating behaviors and depressive symptoms. Eating behaviors were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Self-Rating Depression Scale. In the final adjusted model, the odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for depressive symptoms were 1.23 (0.99-1.53) and 1.30 (0.97-1.74) when a slow eating rate was compared to medium and fast eating rates, respectively and were 1.35 (1.08-1.68) and 1.40 (1.07-1.83) when breakfast consumers were compared to occasional consumers and skippers, respectively. Eating quickly and skipping breakfast were associated with an increased risk of depressive symptoms. These results suggest that eating behaviors may affect mental health in adults.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(16): 163901, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33961473

RESUMO

Photonic resonances play an essential role in the generation and propagation of light in optical and photonic devices, as well as in light-matter interaction, including nonlinear optical responses. Previous studies in lasers and other open systems have shown exotic roles played by non-Hermiticity on modifying passive resonances, defined in the absence of optical gain and loss. Here we report a new type of resonances in non-Hermitian photonic systems that does not originate from a passive resonance, identified by analyzing a unique quantization condition in the non-Hermitian extension of the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin method. Termed active photonic resonances, these unique resonances are found in non-Hermitian systems with a spatially correlated complex dielectric function, which is related to supersymmetry quantum mechanics after a Wick rotation. Remarkably, such an active photonic resonance shifts continuously on the real frequency axis as optical gain increases, suggesting the possibility of a tunable on-chip laser that can span a wavelength range over 100 nm.

11.
Am J Hypertens ; 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34013966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inadequate treatment of hypertension is a widespread problem, especially in South Asian countries where cardiovascular disease mortality rates are high. We aimed to explore the effect of a multicomponent intervention (MCI) on antihypertensive medication intensification among rural South Asians with hypertension. METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of a two-year cluster-randomized controlled trial including 2645 hypertensives aged≥ 40 years from 30 rural communities, 10 each, in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Independent assessors collected information on participants' self-reports and physical inspection of medications. The main outcomes were the changes from baseline to 24 months in the following: 1) the therapeutic intensity score (TIS) for all (and class specific) antihypertensive medications; 2) the number of antihypertensive medications in all trial participants. RESULTS: At 24 months, the mean increase in the TIS score of all antihypertensive medications was 0.11 in the MCI group and 0.03 in the control group, with a between-group difference in the increase of 0.08 (95% CI (0.03, 0.12); P=0.002). In MCI compared to controls, a greater increase in the TIS of renin angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers (0.05; 95% CI (0.02, 0.07); P<0.001) and calcium channel blockers (0.03; 95% CI (0.00, 0.05);p=0.031) , and in the number of antihypertensive medications (0.11, 95% CI (0.02, 0.19);P=0.016) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: In rural communities in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, MCI led to a greater increase in antihypertensive medication intensification compared to the usual care among adults with hypertension. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02657746.

12.
Science ; 372(6540): 403-408, 2021 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888640

RESUMO

The nonlinear scaling of complexity with the increased number of components in integrated photonics is a major obstacle impeding large-scale, phase-locked laser arrays. Here, we develop a higher-dimensional supersymmetry formalism for precise mode control and nonlinear power scaling. Our supersymmetric microlaser arrays feature phase-locked coherence and synchronization of all of the evanescently coupled microring lasers-collectively oscillating in the fundamental transverse supermode-which enables high-radiance, small-divergence, and single-frequency laser emission with a two-orders-of-magnitude enhancement in energy density. We also demonstrate the feasibility of structuring high-radiance vortex laser beams, which enhance the laser performance by taking full advantage of spatial degrees of freedom of light. Our approach provides a route for designing large-scale integrated photonic systems in both classical and quantum regimes.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914510

RESUMO

Sites isolation of active metals centers, systematically studied in homogeneous systems, has been an alternative to develop low metal consuming, highly active next generation catalysts in heterogeneous condition. Because of the high porosity and facile synthetic procedures, MOF-based catalysts are excellent candidates for heterogenization of well-defined homogeneous catalysts. Herein, we report the direct Pd coordination on the azobenzene linker within a MOF catalyst through a postsynthetic modification method for a Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction. The immobilized cyclopalladated complexes in MOFs were analyzed by a series of characterization techniques including XPS, PXRD, and deuterium NMR (2H NMR) spectroscopy. The heterogeneous nature of the catalyst as well as its stability were demonstrated though "hot filtration" and recycling experiments. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the MOF packed column promoted the reaction between phenyl boronic acid and bromobenzene under microflow conditions with a 85% yield continuously for 12 h. This work sheds light on the potential of site-isolated MOF catalysts in efficient, recyclable and continuous flow systems for industrial application.

14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848146

RESUMO

The end-capping group (EG) is the essential electron-withdrawing component of nonfullerene acceptors (NFAs) in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells (OSCs). To systematically probe the impact of two frequent EG functionalization strategies, π-extension and halogenation, in A-DAD-A type NFAs, we synthesized and characterized four such NFAs: BT-BIC, LIC, L4F, and BO-L4F. To assess the relative importance of these strategies, we contrast these NFAs with the baseline acceptors, Y5 and Y6. Up to 16.6% power conversion efficiency (PCE) in binary inverted OSCs with BT-BO-L4F combining π-extension and halogenation was achieved. When these two factors are combined, the effect on optical absorption is cumulative. Single-crystal π-π stacking distances are similar for the EG strategies of π-extension. Increasing the alkyl substituent length from BT-L4F to BT-BO-L4F significantly alters the packing motif and eliminates the EG core interactions of BT-L4F. Electronic structure computations reveal some of the largest NFA π-π electronic couplings observed to date, 103.8 meV in BT-L4F and 47.5 meV in BT-BO-L4F. Computed electronic reorganization energies, 132 and 133 meV for BT-L4F and BT-BO-L4F, respectively, are also lower than Y6 (150 meV). BHJ blends show preferential π-face-on orientation, and both fluorination and π-extension increase NFA crystallinity. Femto/nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy (fs/nsTA) and integrated photocurrent device analysis (IPDA) indicate that π-extension modifies the phase separation to enhance film ordering and carrier mobility, while fluorination suppresses unimolecular recombination. This systematic study highlights the synergistic effects of NFA π-extension and fluorination in affording efficient OSCs and provides insights into designing next-generation materials.

15.
Nat Biotechnol ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846644

RESUMO

Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) sequencing is being rapidly adopted in precision oncology, but the accuracy, sensitivity and reproducibility of ctDNA assays is poorly understood. Here we report the findings of a multi-site, cross-platform evaluation of the analytical performance of five industry-leading ctDNA assays. We evaluated each stage of the ctDNA sequencing workflow with simulations, synthetic DNA spike-in experiments and proficiency testing on standardized, cell-line-derived reference samples. Above 0.5% variant allele frequency, ctDNA mutations were detected with high sensitivity, precision and reproducibility by all five assays, whereas, below this limit, detection became unreliable and varied widely between assays, especially when input material was limited. Missed mutations (false negatives) were more common than erroneous candidates (false positives), indicating that the reliable sampling of rare ctDNA fragments is the key challenge for ctDNA assays. This comprehensive evaluation of the analytical performance of ctDNA assays serves to inform best practice guidelines and provides a resource for precision oncology.

16.
Clin Interv Aging ; 16: 505-511, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790545

RESUMO

Objective: Pneumonia is a common complication in patients with stroke. There was a close relationship between serum iron and inflammatory response. This study aimed to explore the relationship between serum iron levels and stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP). Methods: Patients with acute stroke were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University and divided into SAP group and Non-SAP group. The demographic and clinical data of the patients were collected via the medical records, and the blood samples were collected within 24 hours after admission. The predictive value of serum iron to SAP was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and binary Logistic regression models. A restricted cubic spline (RCS) was used to furtherly clarify the relationship between serum iron and the risk of SAP. Results: A total of 906 participants were enrolled, including Non-SAP group (n = 755) and SAP group (n = 151). Serum iron levels in the SAP group were significantly lower than those in the Non-SAP group (9.77±5.61 vs 14.01±6.80, P < 0.001). Logistic regression showed that patients with high serum iron levels (≥7.8µmol/L) showed a lower risk of SAP (OR=0.43, 95% CI, 0.27-0.69, P < 0.001). Besides, the RCS model showed that there was an L-shaped relationship between the serum iron and risk of SAP (P for non-linearity: 0.014). Conclusion: Low serum iron level was a risk factor for SAP, and there was an L-shaped relationship between them. Stroke patients with low serum iron levels should be alert to the risk of SAP.


Assuntos
Ferritinas/sangue , Pneumonia/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pneumonia/etiologia , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue
17.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(5): 420, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33911067

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are increasingly gaining importance and attention due to their diverse potential functions and their value as diagnostic biomarkers (disease specific). This study aims to explore the novel mechanisms by which exosome-contained circRNAs promote tumor development and metastasis in TNBC. We identified increased circRNA circPSMA1 in TNBC cells, their exosomes, and serum exosomes samples from TNBC patients. The overexpression of circPSMA1 promoted TNBC cell proliferation, migration, and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we investigated the tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TICs) or stromal components in immune microenvironment (IME), and identified the significant differences in the immune cells between TNBC and non-TNBC samples. Mechanistically, circPSMA1 acted as a "miRNAs sponge" to absorb miR-637; miR-637 inhibited TNBC cell migration and metastasis by directly targeted Akt1, which recognized as a key immune-related gene and affected downstream genes ß-catenin and cyclin D1. Subsequent co-culture experiments also demonstrated that exosomes from TNBC carrying large amounts of circPSMA1 could transmit migration and proliferation capacity to recipient cells. Kaplan-Meier plots showed that high expression of Akt1 and low expression of mir-637 are highly correlated with poor prognosis in patients with lymph node metastasis of TNBC. Collectively, all these results reveal that circPSMA1 functions as a tumor promoter through the circPSMA1/miR-637/Akt1-ß-catenin (cyclin D1) regulatory axis, which can facilitate the tumorigenesis, metastasis, and immunosuppression of TNBC. Our research proposes a fresh perspective on novel potential biomarkers and immune treatment strategies for TNBC.

18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(7): 9330-9347, 2021 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882026

RESUMO

Few studies have comprehensively described changes in blood biomarkers of the physiological responses underlying sarcopenia reduction associated with lifestyle interventions. In this study, we performed secondary analyses of data in a randomized controlled trial of multi-domain lifestyle interventions (6-month duration physical exercise, nutritional enrichment, cognitive training, combination and standard care control) among 246 community-dwelling pre-frail and frail elderly, aged ≥65 years, with and without sarcopenia. Appendicular lean mass (ALM), lower limb strength, gait speed, and blood levels of markers of muscle metabolism, inflammation, anti-oxidation, anabolic hormone regulation, insulin signaling, tissue oxygenation were measured at baseline, 3-month and 6-month post-intervention. Multi-domain interventions were associated with significant (p < 0.001) reduction of sarcopenia at 3-month and 6-month post-intervention, improved gait speed, enhanced lower limb strength, and were equally evident among sarcopenic participants who were slower at baseline than non-sarcopenic participants. Active intervention was associated with significantly reduced inflammation levels. Sarcopenia status and reduction were associated with blood biomarkers related to muscle metabolism, steroid hormone regulation, insulin-leptin signaling, and tissue oxygenation. Physical, nutritional and cognitive intervention was associated with measures of sarcopenia reduction, together with changes in circulating biomarkers of anabolic and catabolic metabolism underlying sarcopenia.

19.
Preprint | bioRxiv | ID: ppbiorxiv-440104

RESUMO

In the search for treatment schemes of COVID-19, we start by examining the general weakness of coronaviruses and then identify approved drugs attacking that weakness. The approach, if successful, should identify drugs with a specific mechanism that is at least as effective as the best drugs proposed and are ready for clinical trials. All coronaviruses translate their non-structural proteins ([~]16) in concatenation, resulting in a very large super-protein. Homo-harringtonine (HHT), which has been approved for the treatment of leukemia, blocks protein elongation very effectively. Hence, HHT can repress the replication of many coronaviruses at the nano-molar concentration. In two mouse models, HHT clears SARS-CoV-2 in 3 days, especially by nasal dripping of 40 ug per day. We also use dogs to confirm the safety of HHT delivered by nebulization. The nebulization scheme could be ready for large-scale applications at the onset of the next epidemics. For the current COVID-19, a clinical trial has been approved by the Ditan hospital of Beijing but could not be implemented for want of patients. The protocol is available to qualified medical facilities.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 776: 145939, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647667

RESUMO

Certain metal ions can contribute to the functional microorganisms becoming dominant by stimulating their metabolism and activity. Therefore, Pseudomonas stutzeri T13 was used to investigate the impacts of biological stimulation with certain metal ions on aerobic denitrifying bacteria. Results showed that with the addition of 0.036 mmol/L Fe3+ ions, the nitrogen-assimilation capacity of P. stutzeri T13 significantly increased by 43.99% when utilizing ammonium as the sole nitrogen source. Kinetic models were applied to analyze the role of Fe3+ ions in the growth, and results indicated that increasing Fe3+ ion concentrations decreased the decay rate. The maximum nitrate reduction rate increased from 9.55 mg-N L-1 h-1 to 19.65 mg-N L-1 h-1 with Fe3+ ion concentrations increasing from 0.004 to 0.036 mmol/L, which was due to the increased level of napA gene transcription and activity of nitrate reductase. This study provides a theoretical foundation for further understanding of the mechanism of Fe3+ ion stimulation of aerobic denitrification, benefiting the practicable application of aerobic denitrifiers.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Pseudomonas stutzeri , Aerobiose , Desnitrificação , Compostos Férricos , Nitratos , Nitrogênio
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...