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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35576918

RESUMO

Fluorination can change graphene's properties, and which is theoretically relative to fluorination pattern of sp3fluorine adatoms on graphene surface. The common view for the pattern is that it can easily form as a large cluster for the low migration barrier of fluorine adatoms on pristine graphene surface. Here, we report that sp3fluorine adatoms are well-dispersed rather than clustered due to that the intensity ratio of 1.8 for C-CF/CF peaks (R) of fluorinated graphene is much higher than R ≈ 0 forclustered pattern. The low magnetic inducing efficiency of 1 µB/1000F adatoms indicates that the 'nonmagnetic' fluorine pairs rather than 'magnetic' fluorine 'points' dominate the well-dispersed sp3pattern. Our findings introduce a new insight into the fluorination structure properties of fluorinated and other sp3 functionalized such as hydrogenated, chlorinated, or hydroxylated graphene and other carbon materials.

2.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 78: 103683, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600189

RESUMO

Introduction: and importance: Tuberculosis is one of the leading causes of mortality in many developing countries. Female genital tuberculosis, a relatively uncommon form of tuberculosis, is critically challenging to diagnose due to its insidious and non-typical presentations. Case presentation: Herein, we present with an asymptomatic infertile woman with persistently high CA-125 passed undiagnosed until laparoscopy unveiled the diagnosis of TB. Clinical discussion: In this study, we highlight the diagnostic complexities in female genital tuberculosis and demonstrate the value of the CA-125 increase in prompting the suspicion of tuberculosis in the appropriate clinical context. Conclusion: Given the considerably large number of individuals with tuberculosis in China, we strongly recommend routine tuberculosis screening in women seeking infertility care in China.

3.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 879642, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481139

RESUMO

CRISPR/Cas-mediated genome editing is a powerful approach to accelerate yield enhancement to feed growing populations. Most applications focus on "negative regulators" by targeting coding regions and promoters to create nulls or weak loss-of-function alleles. However, many agriculturally important traits are conferred by gain-of-function alleles. Therefore, creating gain-of-function alleles for "positive regulators" by CRISPR will be of great value for crop improvement. CYP78A family members are the positive regulators of organ weight and size in crops. In this study, we engineered allelic variation by editing tomato KLUH promoter around a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) that is highly associated with fruit weight. The SNP was located in a conserved putative cis-regulatory element (CRE) as detected by the homology-based prediction and the Assay for Transposase-Accessible Chromatin using sequencing (ATAC-seq). Twenty-one mutant alleles with various insertion and deletion sizes were generated in the LA1589 background. Five mutant alleles (m2+4bp , m3+1bp , m5-1bp , m13-8bp , and m14-9bp ) showed a consistent increase in fruit weight and a significant decrease in the proportion of small fruits in all experimental evaluations. Notably, m2+4bp and m3+1bp homozygote significantly increase fruit weight by 10.7-15.7 and 8.7-16.3%, respectively. Further analysis of fruit weight based on fruit position on the inflorescence indicated that the five beneficial alleles increase the weight of all fruits along inflorescence. We also found that allele types and transcriptional changes of SlKLUH were poor predictors of the changes in fruit weight. This study not only provides a way of identifying conserved CRE but also highlights enormous potential for CRISPR/Cas-mediated cis-engineering of CYP78A members in yield improvement.

4.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 44(5): 791-802, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35370096

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the expression pattern of inflammatory mRNA profiles of a dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) plus high-fat diet (HFD)-induced polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) mouse model? DESIGN: RNA sequencing was performed to investigate the mRNA expression profiles in the ovarian tissues of a DHEA plus HFD-induced PCOS mouse model. Six samples were divided into two groups (control and PCOS), with three biological replicates in each group. This was followed by hierarchical clustering, gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses. The relative expression levels of nine inflammatory genes were validated via quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: A total of 436 genes were differentially expressed between the control and PCOS mice. Out of these, 137 genes were up-regulated while 299 genes were down-regulated. Gene ontology analysis indicated that differentially expressed mRNA were associated with T cell-mediated cytotoxicity and homocysteine metabolic processes. Pathway analysis further showed that these abnormally expressed mRNA were associated with signalling pathways, such as NF-kB signalling, tyrosine metabolism and phenylalanine metabolism. All these pathways are involved in chronic inflammation and PCOS. CONCLUSION: The differentially expressed genes are potentially involved in the inflammation that is evident in PCOS, and so could serve as therapeutic options against the disease. Nevertheless, prospective studies are needed to test this hypothesis.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Animais , Desidroepiandrosterona , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Camundongos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , RNA Mensageiro/genética
5.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 1258480, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35242200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC) is a malignance with high incidence and recurrence. Pyroptosis is a programed cell death pattern which both activates the effective immune response and causes cell damage. However, their potential applications of pyroptosis-related genes (PRGs) in the prognostic evaluation and immunotherapy of LIHC are still rarely discussed. METHODS: Comprehensive bioinformatics analyses based on TCGA-LIHC dataset were performed in the current study. RESULTS: A total of 33 PRGs were selected to perform the current study. Of these 33 PRGs, 26 PRGs with upregulation or downregulation in LIHC tissues were identified. We also summarized the related genetic mutation variation landscape. GO and KEGG pathway analysis demonstrated that these 26 PRGs were primarily associated with pyroptosis, positive regulation of interleukin-1 beta production, and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway. An unfavorable OS appeared in LIHC patients with high CASP3, CASP4, CASP6, CASP8, GPX4, GSDMA, GSDME, NLRP3, NLRP7, NOD1, NOD2, PLCG1, and SCAF11 expression and low NLRP6 expression. A prognostic signature constructed by the above 14 prognostic PRGs had moderate to high accuracy to predict LIHC patients' prognosis. And risk score was correlated with the expression of CASP6, CASP8, GPX4, GSDMA, GSDME, NLRP6, and NOD2. Of these 7 genes, CASP8 was identified as the core gene in PPI network. Moreover, lncRNA MIR17HG/hsa-miRNA-130b-3p/CASP8 regulatory axis in LIHC was also detected. CONCLUSIONS: The current study indicated the crucial role of PRGs in the prognostic evaluation of LIHC patients and their correlations with tumor microenvironment in LIHC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Piroptose/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Biologia Computacional , Bases de Dados Genéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Variação Genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Prognóstico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Piroptose/imunologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
6.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 36(5): e24373, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35334497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a member of the transforming growth factor ß superfamily, correlated with various stimuli, including cardiovascular disease. The association between plasma GDF-15 level and "lone" AF, that is, AF of unknown etiology (UeAF), is uncertain. METHODS: All patients aged 60 years or younger. AF patients were hospitalized for primary catheter ablation. Patients with sinus rhythm admitted for other diseases during the same period were included in the control group. ELISA was used to measure plasma GDF-15 concentrations. RESULTS: 60 UeAF patients, 60 paroxysmal AF (PAF) patients, and 70 control patients were enrolled. The mean age was 44.6 years. In the UeAF group, no patients had traditional clinical risk factors. The plasma GDF-15 level in the UeAF group was (1028.5 ± 180.5) pg/ml, higher than in the control group, and moderately lower than in the PAF group. In all patients, positive correlations were found between plasma GDF-15 level and age (R = 0.210, p < 0.05), and between plasma GDF-15 level and left atrial diameter (LAD; R = 0.338, p < 0.05; in the UeAF group: R = 0.475, p < 0.05; in the PAF group: R = 0.504, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our study first investigated the role of GDF-15 in UeAF. The plasma GDF-15 level in UeAF patients was higher than in sinus rhythm patients and lower than in PAF patients. Moreover, GDF-15 was positively correlated with age and LAD. The role of GDF-15 in UeAF needs further study.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Fator 15 de Diferenciação de Crescimento , Adulto , Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Fator 15 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/sangue , Átrios do Coração , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
7.
BMC Med Genomics ; 15(1): 55, 2022 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35277174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Short-rib thoracic dysplasia 3 with or without polydactyly (SRTD3, OMIM: 613091) is an autosomal recessive disorder. SRTD3 presents clinically with a narrow thorax, short ribs, shortened tubular bones, and acetabular roof abnormalities. Clinical signs of SRTD3 vary among individuals. Pathogenic variants of DYNC2H1 (OMIM: 603297) have been reported to cause SRTD3. METHODS: We performed a detailed clinical prenatal sonographic characterization of a foetus with SRTD3. Trio whole-exome sequencing was used to identify causative variants in the family. The identified variants in the families were validated by Sanger sequencing and mass spectrometry. Multiple computational tools were used to predict the harmfulness of the two variants. A minigene splicing assay was carried out to evaluate the impact of the splice-site variant. RESULTS: We evaluated prenatal sonographic images of the foetus with SRTD3, including abnormal rib curvature, narrow thorax, bilateral hypoplastic lungs, bilateral polydactyly, syndactyly, and foetal visceral situs inversus with mirror-image dextrocardia. We revealed novel compound variants of DYNC2H1 (NM_001377.3:c.11483T > G (p.Ile3828Arg) and c.2106 + 3A > T). Various statistical methods predicted that the variants would cause harmful effects on genes or gene products. The minigene assay findings suggested that c.2106 + 3A > T caused the skipping over exon 14, producing an exon 14 loss in the protein. CONCLUSION: This study identified a foetus with SRTD3 with situs inversus totalis with mirror-image dextrocardia in a Chinese family, revealing two novel compound heterozygous dynein cytoplasmic 2 heavy chain 1 (DYNC2H1) variants, expanding the phenotypic spectrum of SRTD3. The minigene study of c.2106 + 3A > T was predicted to cause an inframe exclusion of exon 14, which was predicted to have important molecular functions. Our findings strongly supported the use of WES in prenatal diagnosis and helped to understand the correlation of genotype and phenotypes of DYNC2H1. The specific sonographic findings and the molecular diagnosis helped add experience to further our expertise in prenatal counselling for SRTD3.


Assuntos
Dextrocardia , Polidactilia , Síndrome de Costela Curta e Polidactilia , Situs Inversus , Dineínas do Citoplasma/genética , Feminino , Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Gravidez , Síndrome de Costela Curta e Polidactilia/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Costela Curta e Polidactilia/genética , Situs Inversus/diagnóstico por imagem , Situs Inversus/genética
8.
PLoS Biol ; 20(3): e3001576, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35320264

RESUMO

Mitochondria and the complex endomembrane system are hallmarks of eukaryotic cells. To date, it has been difficult to manipulate organelle structures within single live cells. We developed a FluidFM-based approach to extract, inject, and transplant organelles from and into living cells with subcellular spatial resolution. The technology combines atomic force microscopy, optical microscopy, and nanofluidics to achieve force and volume control with real-time inspection. We developed dedicated probes that allow minimally invasive entry into cells and optimized fluid flow to extract specific organelles. When extracting single or a defined number of mitochondria, their morphology transforms into a pearls-on-a-string phenotype due to locally applied fluidic forces. We show that the induced transition is calcium independent and results in isolated, intact mitochondria. Upon cell-to-cell transplantation, the transferred mitochondria fuse to the host cells mitochondrial network. Transplantation of healthy and drug-impaired mitochondria into primary keratinocytes allowed monitoring of mitochondrial subpopulation rescue. Fusion with the mitochondrial network of recipient cells occurred 20 minutes after transplantation and continued for over 16 hours. After transfer of mitochondria and cell propagation over generations, donor mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was replicated in recipient cells without the need for selection pressure. The approach opens new prospects for the study of organelle physiology and homeostasis, but also for therapy, mechanobiology, and synthetic biology.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial , Mitocôndrias , Cálcio , Homeostase , Mitocôndrias/fisiologia , Organelas
9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(10): 12038-12049, 2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35238538

RESUMO

Bone tissue scaffolds with good bulk or surface osteoconductivity are always pursued by biomaterial scientists. In this paper, we design a tough and flexible amphoteric copolymer-based (AC) hydrogel with bioactive groups for bone regeneration. In detail, our hydrogels are copolymerized with N-acyl glycinamide (NAGA), anionic acrylate alendronate (AcAln), and cationic (2-(acryloyloxy)ethyl) trimethyl ammonium chloride (DMAEA-Q) by free radical polymerization. There are three kinds of synergetic physical cross-links among our polyamphion hydrogels: (1) double hydrogen bonds between amide groups in NAGA to provide toughness, (2) hydrogen bonds between dual bisphosphite groups in AcAln, and (3) weak ionic pairs between the anionic bisphosphite groups and the cationic quaternary ammonium groups in DMAEA-Q to offer flexibility. The AC hydrogel shows osteoid-like viscoelasticity, which makes the AC hydrogel osteogenesis inductive. During the repairing process, the bioactive bisphosphite groups accelerate the calcium fixation to expedite the mineralization of the new-formed bone. At the same time, the surface charge property of AC hydrogels also prevents fibrous cyst formation, thus guaranteeing osseointegration. Our in vitro data strongly demonstrate that the AC hydrogel is an excellent matrix to induce osteogenesis of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. More importantly, the following in vivo experiments further prove that the AC hydrogel can reach satisfactory bone regeneration without encapsulation of seed cells or application of external simulating cues. These exciting results demonstrate that our AC hydrogel is a promising scaffold for bone regeneration. Our work can also inspire the constituent and structure design of biomaterial scaffolds for tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Sinais (Psicologia) , Hidrogéis , Animais , Regeneração Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Osteogênese , Ratos , Tecidos Suporte/química
10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(13): 4000-4006, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35297245

RESUMO

Six unusual meroterpenoids, psidiguajadiol A-J (1-6), and three known meroterpenoids (7-9) were isolated from the leaves of Psidium guajava L. Compounds 2-6 represent the first examples of 6/8-formyl-5,7-dihydroxy-4-phenylchromane-coupled sesquiterpenoids. The structures of the undescribed compounds, including their absolute configurations, were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses, X-ray diffraction, and computational calculations. Compounds 3, 4, and 6 exhibited inhibitory activities against PTP1B with IC50 values of 9.83, 18.52, and 16.87 µM, respectively. In light of these findings, we performed molecular docking studies to predict their inhibition mechanisms at the atomic level.


Assuntos
Psidium , Sesquiterpenos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Folhas de Planta/química , Psidium/química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Análise Espectral
11.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 826365, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35250942

RESUMO

Integrative Conjugative Elements (ICEs) are replicons that can insert and excise from chromosomal locations in a site-specific manner, can conjugate across strains, and which often carry a variety of genes useful for bacterial growth and survival under specific conditions. Although ICEs have been identified and vetted within certain clades of the agricultural pathogen Pseudomonas syringae, the impact of ICE carriage and transfer across the entire P. syringae species complex remains underexplored. Here we identify and vet an ICE (PmaICE-DQ) from P. syringae pv. maculicola ES4326, a strain commonly used for laboratory virulence experiments, demonstrate that this element can excise and conjugate across strains, and highlight that this element contains loci encoding multiple type III effector proteins. Moreover, genome context suggests that another ICE (PmaICE-AOAB) is highly similar in comparison with and found immediately adjacent to PmaICE-DQ within the chromosome of strain ES4326, and also contains multiple type III effectors. Lastly, we present passage data from in planta experiments that suggests that genomic plasticity associated with ICEs may enable strains to more rapidly lose type III effectors that trigger R-gene mediated resistance in comparison to strains where nearly isogenic effectors are not present in active ICEs. Taken together, our study sheds light on a set of ICE elements from P. syringae pv. maculicola ES4326 and suggests how genomic context may lead to different evolutionary dynamics for shared virulence genes between strains.

12.
Bioresour Technol ; 350: 126906, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35227918

RESUMO

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) are promising bioplastics with excellent physicochemical properties and biodegradability, whereas PHA products suffer from high manufacturing costs. To reduce costs of PHA production, experiments with mixed microbial cultures and low-cost substrates have been conducted widely, where rapid and robust PHA quantification methods are necessary. Compared with traditional gas chromatography methods, PHA fluorescence quantification (PHA-FQ) methods may be quicker, safer and more suitable for modern experiments with high throughput requirements. However, practical applications of PHA-FQ methods are still limited. Therefore, this review provides a comprehensive understanding of PHA-FQ methods. Performance of PHA-staining fluorochromes, relevant spectral properties, and important staining procedures are summarized. Current developments of PHA-FQ protocols are critically reviewed. Main considerations needed to make PHA-FQ protocol reliable are comprehensively discussed. Finally, potential improvements in various aspects of PHA-FQ methods are highlighted. This review could help researchers develop more effective PHA-FQ methods and facilitate future experiments related to PHA.


Assuntos
Poli-Hidroxialcanoatos , Reatores Biológicos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Coloração e Rotulagem
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 829: 154527, 2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35307450

RESUMO

With the increase in plastic pollution of farmland substrate, biodegradable mulch film research has become a hotspot. However, the degradation rate of biodegradable plastic film over the entire crop growth period is still unclear, as well as its impact on crop growth and product quality. Here, several properties of two kinds of composite biodegradable mulch films, PBAT/PLA-[S1] and PBAT/lignin-[S2], are studied with polyethylene-[PE] and uncovered substrate (CK) as controls. We tested the differences in morphological characterization, physical properties, and weight loss rate of the plastic films, as well as the effects of the different plastic films on melon yield and quality, substrate temperature and humidity, physical and chemical properties of the substrate, and substrate fungal species composition. Compared to PE, biodegradable plastic films S1 and S2 increased substrate temperature and the net photosynthetic rate of leaves. The results of substrate 18 s rDNA assay of CK, PE, S1, and S2 after 80 days of treatment and pre-treatment showed that a total of 12 fungal phylum, with 317 fungal genera were found, in which Ascomycota as the main phyla and Penicillium as the main genera. Compared with PE, the S2 treatment significantly increased the single fruit weight, central sugar content and soluble sugar of melon by 225.35 g, 1.26%, and 0.68%, respectively (p < 0.05). When buried for 240 d, the weight loss rate of S2 was significantly increased by 86.08% compared with PE (p < 0.05). From these results, we extrapolated that covering the substrate with the most biodegradable film, PBAT/lignin composite (10 µm), improved the yield and fruit quality of the melon in winter greenhouse production.

14.
Explore (NY) ; 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35248473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondria are considered a portal to receive, process and integrate external energy and information to maintain cellular homeostasis. Previous studies demonstrated that mitochondrial function and antioxidant capacity of in-vitro cultured mammalian cells is modified by different energetic stimuli including electromagnetic energy, acoustic energy, external Qi and subtle energy emitted by written texts in relatively short time frames. Thus, individual cells can act as a rapid and sensitive biological sensor and act as a platform to evaluate and understand the subtle effect of different biophysical stimuli. Regarding acoustic energy, several different types of music have been reported to produce beneficial effects on human health. OBJECTIVE: To compare eastern and western music styles on cell function at the biochemical level to understand the underlying mechanisms involved. Methods In this study, we compared the effects of Chinese five-element music with two types of western music (heavy-metal and classical) on mitochondrial function, oxidative capacity and growth using HEK293T cells (human embryonic kidney cells). RESULTS: Unlike rock and classical music, exposing cells to five-element music produced several beneficial physiological effects, including statistically significant increases in the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by 17%, glutathione (GSH) by 21% and cell growth rates (14%), as well as a significant reduction in the reactive oxygen species (ROS) by 13%. For the group treated with classical music, there was only a trend toward increased GSH (8%), although the increased growth rates (14%) did reach significance. In sharp contrast, the cells treated with heavy-metal music responded with an opposite and significant 16% increase in ROS and a significant 11% reduction in cell viability. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed the dramatically different and even opposite effects of different styles of music on specific biochemical measures in cultured human cells. These results help explain the underlying biochemical mechanisms of the effects of the different types of music.

15.
Reproduction ; 163(5): 309-321, 2022 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35275842

RESUMO

Decidualization of uterine stromal cells plays an important role in the establishment of normal pregnancy. Previous studies have demonstrated that Acyl-CoA binding protein (Acbp) is critical to cellular proliferation, differentiation, mitochondrial functions, and autophagy. The characterization and physiological function of Acbp during decidualization remain largely unknown. In the present study, we conducted the expression profile of Acbp in the endometrium of early pregnant mice. With the occurrence of decidualization, the expression of Acbp gradually increased. Similarly, Acbp expression was also strongly expressed in decidualized cells following artificial decidualization, both in vivo and in vitro. We applied the mice pseudopregnancy model to reveal that the expression of Acbp in the endometrium of early pregnant mice was not induced by embryonic signaling. Moreover, P4 significantly upregulated the expression of Acbp, whereas E2 appeared to have no regulating effect on Acbp expression in uterine stromal cells. Concurrently, we found that interfering with Acbp attenuated decidualization, and that might due to mitochondrial dysfunctions and the inhibition of fatty acid oxidation. The level of autophagy was increased after knocking down Acbp. During induced decidualization, the expression of ACBP was decreased with the treatment of rapamycin (an autophagy inducer), while increased with the addition of Chloroquine (an autophagy inhibitor). Our work suggests that Acbp plays an essential role in the proliferation and differentiation of stromal cells during decidualization through regulating mitochondrial functions, fatty acid oxidation, and autophagy.


Assuntos
Decídua , Inibidor da Ligação a Diazepam , Animais , Decídua/metabolismo , Inibidor da Ligação a Diazepam/metabolismo , Endométrio/metabolismo , Feminino , Camundongos , Gravidez , Pseudogravidez , Células Estromais/metabolismo
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35162117

RESUMO

The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on glycaemic control and other metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes is still evolving. AIM: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to examine the effects of COVID-19 lockdown on glycaemic control and lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The PRISMA framework was the method used to conduct the systematic review and meta-analysis, and the search strategy was based on the population, intervention, control and outcome (PICO) model. The Health Sciences Research databases was accessed via EBSCO-host, and EMBASE were searched for relevant articles. Searches were conducted from inception of the databases until 17 September 2021. RESULTS: The results identified three distinct areas: glycaemic control, lipid parameters and body mass index. It was found that COVID-19 lockdown led to a significant (p < 0.01) increase in the levels of glycated haemoglobin (%) compared with pre-COVID group (gp) with a mean difference of 0.34 (95% CI: 0.30, 0.38). Eleven studies contributed to the data for glycated haemoglobin analysis with a total of 16,895 participants (post-COVID-19 lockdown gp, n = 8417; pre-COVID gp, n = 8478). The meta-analysis of fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL) also showed a significant (p < 0.05) increase in levels of post-COVID-19 lockdown gp compared with pre-COVID gp, with a mean difference of 7.19 (95% CI: 5.28, 9.10). Six studies contributed to fasting plasma glucose analysis involving a total of 2327 participants (post-COVID-19 lockdown, n = 1159; pre-COVID gp, n = 1168). The body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) analysis also demonstrated that post-COVID-19 lockdown gp had a significantly (p < 0.05) higher BMI than the pre-COVID gp with a mean difference of 1.13 (95% CI: 0.99; 1.28), involving six studies and a total of 2363 participants (post-COVID-19 lockdown gp, n = 1186; pre-COVID gp, n = 1177). There were significantly (p < 0.05) lower levels of total cholesterol (mmol/L), triglyceride (mmol/L) and LDL cholesterol (mmol/L), and higher levels of HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) in the post-COVID-19 lockdown gp compared with pre-COVID gp, although these results were not consistent following sensitivity analysis. CONCLUSION: The findings of the systematic review and meta-analysis have demonstrated that COVID-19 lockdown resulted in a significant increase (p < 0.05) in the levels of glycated haemoglobin, fasting glucose and body mass index in patients with type 2 diabetes. In contrast, the effect of the lockdown on lipid parameters, including total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and HDL cholesterol was not consistent.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Glicemia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Controle Glicêmico , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Triglicerídeos
17.
Bioact Mater ; 13: 300-311, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35224310

RESUMO

A moderate inflammatory response at the early stages of fracture healing is necessary for callus formation. Over-active and continuous inflammation, however, impairs fracture healing and leads to excessive tissue damage. Adequate fracture healing could be promoted through suppression of local over-active immune cells in the fracture site. In the present study, we achieved an enriched concentration of PD-L1 from exosomes (Exos) of a genetically engineered Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell (HUVECs), and demonstrated that exosomes overexpressing PD-L1 specifically bind to PD-1 on the T cell surface, suppressing the activation of T cells. Furthermore, exosomal PD-L1 induced Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) towards osteogenic differentiation when pre-cultured with T cells. Moreover, embedding of Exos into an injectable hydrogel allowed Exos delivery to the surrounding microenvironment in a time-released manner. Additionally, exosomal PD-L1, embedded in a hydrogel, markedly promoted callus formation and fracture healing in a murine model at the early over-active inflammation phase. Importantly, our results suggested that activation of T cells in the peripheral lymphatic tissues was inhibited after local administration of PD-L1-enriched Exos to the fracture sites, while T cells in distant immune organs such as the spleen were not affected. In summary, this study provides the first example of using PD-L1-enriched Exos for bone fracture repair, and highlights the potential of Hydrogel@Exos systems for bone fracture therapy through immune inhibitory effects.

18.
Cells ; 11(3)2022 01 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35159149

RESUMO

Cilia are microtubule-based hair-like organelles on the cell surface. Cilia have been implicated in various biological processes ranging from mechanosensation to fluid movement. Ciliary dysfunction leads to a plethora of human diseases, known as ciliopathies. Although non-motile primary cilia are ubiquitous, motile multicilia are found in restricted locations of the body, such as the respiratory tract, the oviduct, the efferent duct, and the brain ventricles. Multicilia beat in a whip-like motion to generate fluid flow over the apical surface of an epithelium. The concerted ciliary motion provides the driving force critical for clearing airway mucus and debris, transporting ova from the ovary to the uterus, maintaining sperm in suspension, and circulating cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. In the male reproductive tract, multiciliated cells (MCCs) were first described in the mid-1800s, but their importance in male fertility remained elusive until recently. MCCs exist in the efferent ducts, which are small, highly convoluted tubules that connect the testis to the epididymis and play an essential role in male fertility. In this review, we will introduce multiciliogenesis, discuss mouse models of male infertility with defective multicilia, and summarize our current knowledge on the biological function of multicilia in the male reproductive tract.


Assuntos
Epididimo , Infertilidade Masculina , Animais , Epididimo/metabolismo , Feminino , Fertilidade , Infertilidade Masculina/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Espermatozoides , Testículo/metabolismo
19.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 920: 174823, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35157912

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a serious affliction worldwide and remains to be the fourth most common cancer with poor prognosis, especially in advanced stage. Chemotherapy is one of the main therapeutic means. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antitumor effects of Schisandrin B (Sch B) on GC cells both in vitro and in vivo, as well as the synergistic effect with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and to preliminarily explore the relevant mechanism of action. Our results showed that Sch B inhibited the growth, migration and invasion of GC cells. Besides, Sch B could effectively inhibit the phosphorylation of STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3), induce autophagy, and enhance the efficacy of chemotherapy drug 5-FU in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, the findings indicate that Sch B displays potent antitumor activities. The co-administration of Sch B and 5-FU might be a promising way for future therapy of GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclo-Octanos , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Lignanas , Compostos Policíclicos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
20.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 1709918, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35116071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is a malignancy with a high incidence and is associated with poor quality of life. Dysfunction of circadian clock genes and disruption of normal rhythms are associated with the occurrence and progression of many cancer types. However, studies that systematically describe the prognostic value and immune-related functions of circadian clock genes in COAD are lacking. METHODS: Genomic data obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was analyzed for expression level, mutation status, potential biological functions, and prognostic performance of core circadian clock genes in COAD. Their correlations with immune infiltration and TMB/MSI score were analyzed by Spearman's correlation analysis. Pearson's correlation analysis was performed to analyze their associations with drug sensitivity. Lasso Cox regression analysis was performed to construct a prognosis signature. Moreover, an mRNA-miRNA-lncRNA regulatory axis was also detected by ceRNA network. RESULTS: In COAD tissues, the mRNA levels of CLOCK, CRY1, and NR1D1 were increased, while the mRNA levels of ARNTL, CRY2, PER1, PER3, and RORA were decreased. We also summarized the relative genetic mutation variation landscape. GO and KEGG pathway analyses demonstrated that these circadian clock genes were primarily correlated with the regulation of circadian rhythms and glucocorticoid receptor signaling pathways. COAD patients with high CRY2, NR1D1, and PER2 expression had worse prognosis. A prognostic model constructed based on the 9 core circadian clock genes predicted the COAD patients' overall survival with medium to high accuracy. A significant association between prognostic circadian clock genes and immune cell infiltration was found. Moreover, the lncRNA KCNQ1OT1/hsa-miRNA-32-5p/PER2/CRY2 regulatory axis in COAD was also detected through a mRNA-miRNA-lncRNA network. CONCLUSION: Our results identified CRY2, NR1D1, and PER2 as potential prognostic biomarkers for COAD patients and correlated their expression with immune cell infiltration. The lncRNA KCNQ1OT1/hsa-miRNA-32-5p/PER2/CRY2 regulatory axis was detected in COAD and might play a vital role in the occurrence and progression of COAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/imunologia , Relógios Circadianos/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/imunologia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Relógios Circadianos/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Biologia Computacional , Criptocromos/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mutação , Membro 1 do Grupo D da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Circadianas Period/genética , Prognóstico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
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