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Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(46): 6653-6656, 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35593224


A Cu-catalyzed asymmetric 1,6-conjugate addition of in situ generated para-quinone methides (p-QMs) with ß-ketoester has been developed to construct a ketoester skeleton bearing an adjacent tertiary-quaternary carbon stereocenter in good yields and high enantioselectivities. This is the first example of metal-catalyzed asymmetric transformations of the in situ generated p-QMs, avoiding using pre-synthesized p-QMs requiring bulky 2,6-substitutions and highlighting a new dual catalytic activation with the chiral bis(oxazoline)-metal complex acting as a normal Lewis acid to activate the ß-ketoesters and a source of Brønsted acid responsible for generating the p-QMs in situ.

Cobre , Indolquinonas , Catálise , Metais
Pest Manag Sci ; 70(6): 895-904, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24254471


BACKGROUND: Direct application of insect cadavers infected with entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) can successfully control target pest insects. Little is known about the effects of environmental factors (desiccation and temperature) on the production process for infective juveniles (IJ) in insects. RESULTS: We examined the effects of desiccation time and cold storage (6.7 °C) on IJ production of the nematode Steinernema carpocapsae in Galleria mellonella cadavers at 30.8 and 57% humidity. Under desiccation, the IJ yield in cadavers increased gradually and reached a maximum on day 5. IJ yield gradually declined from day 6 onwards and was almost zero by day 15. In general, cold storage at 6.7 °C caused negative effects on IJ production in desiccated cadavers. Approximately 56 h post infection was the time at which nematodes were most sensitive to low temperatures during development in cadavers. Five-day desiccated cadavers generated higher mortality and more rapid death of Galleria mellonella larvae than using newly (day 0) desiccated cadavers. CONCLUSION: This study describe methods of optimizing rearing techniques such as desiccation and cold storage to promote the mass production and application of EPN- infected host cadavers for the field control of insect pests.

Controle Biológico de Vetores/métodos , Rabditídios/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Temperatura Baixa , Dessecação , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Mariposas/parasitologia