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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577815

RESUMO

Carboxymethyl pachymaran (CMP) was prepared from Poria cocos polysaccharide by carboxymethylation. Two types of CMP (CMP-1 and CMP-2) were further purified by DEAE-52 anion-exchange chromatography. The structure characteristics and immunomodulatory activities of CMP-1 and CMP-2 were investigated. CMP-1 was determined as ß-(1 → 3)-d-glucan. A ß-(1 → 3)-d-glucan backbone structure was also found in CMP-2, which was mainly consistent of mannose and glucose, with the mole ratio of 0.03:1. The molecular weight of CMP-1 was 126.1 kDa with a 30.4 nm irregular sphere in distilled water. However, the molecular weight of CMP-2 was 172.6 kDa in a 19.9 nm spherical structure in water solution. Both CMP-1 and CMP-2 had triple helical structure, which can promote the proliferation and the phagocytosis of macrophages. Moreover, CMP-1 and CMP-2 both could improve the secretions of NO, TNF-α and IL-6 by increasing the expression of iNOS, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA, but CMP-1 exhibited a stronger immunomodulatory ability than that of CMP-2. Our results indicated that CMP-1 and CMP-2 can act as potential immunomodulatory agents.

2.
Soft Matter ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592087

RESUMO

Turgor pressure and envelope elasticity of bacterial cells are two mechanical parameters that play a dominant role in cellular deformation, division, and motility. However, a clear understanding of these two properties is lacking because of their strongly interconnected mechanisms. This study established a nanoindentation method to precisely measure the turgor pressure and envelope elasticity of live bacteria. The indentation force-depth curves of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria were recorded with atomic force microscopy. Through combination of dimensional analysis and numerical simulations, an explicit expression was derived to decouple the two properties of individual bacteria from the nanoindentation curves. We show that the Young's modulus of bacterial envelope is sensitive to the external osmotic environment, and the turgor pressure is significantly dependent on the external osmotic stress. This method can not only quantify the turgor pressure and envelope elasticity of bacteria, but also help resolve the mechanical behaviors of bacteria in different environments.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(21): 215502, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274988

RESUMO

Friction between two solid surfaces often exhibits strong rate and slip-history dependence, which critically determines the dynamic stability of frictional sliding. Empirically, such an evolutional effect has been captured by the rate-and-state friction (RSF) law based on laboratory-scale experiments; but its applicability for generic sliding interfaces under different length scales remains unclear. In this Letter, frictional aging, the key manifestation of the evolutional behavior, of silica-silica contacts is studied via slide-hold-slide tests with apparent contact size spanning across 3 orders of magnitude. The experimental results demonstrate a clear and strong length scale dependency in frictional aging characteristics. Assisted by a multiasperity RSF model, we attribute the length scale effect to roughness-dependent true contact area evolution as well as scale-dependent friction stress due to nonconcurrent slip.

4.
Neurosci Lett ; : 135462, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259927

RESUMO

Microglia are the resident immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS). In physiological conditions, microglia contribute to maintaining brain homeostasis by scanning the surrounding parenchyma and acting as scavenger cells. Following different insults to the CNS, microglia turn into a "reactive" state characterized by the production of inflammatory mediators that promote tissue repair to restore homeostasis. Brain insults such as traumatic brain injury, therapeutic brain irradiation and galactic cosmic ray exposure are associated with chronic microglia activation. Chronic microglia activation contributes to injury-related impairments in cognitive functions. Microglia depletion achieved either by pharmacological or genetic techniques represents not only a useful tool for more extensive investigations of microglia roles, but also a potential therapeutic approach to ameliorate or prevent cognitive dysfunctions following brain injury.

5.
Development ; 147(24)2020 12 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361090

RESUMO

Ventral bending of the embryonic tail within the chorion is an evolutionarily conserved morphogenetic event in both invertebrates and vertebrates. However, the complexity of the anatomical structure of vertebrate embryos makes it difficult to experimentally identify the mechanisms underlying embryonic folding. This study investigated the mechanisms underlying embryonic tail bending in chordates. To further understand the mechanical role of each tissue, we also developed a physical model with experimentally measured parameters to simulate embryonic tail bending. Actomyosin asymmetrically accumulated at the ventral side of the notochord, and cell proliferation of the dorsal tail epidermis was faster than that in the ventral counterpart during embryonic tail bending. Genetic disruption of actomyosin activity and inhibition of cell proliferation dorsally caused abnormal tail bending, indicating that both asymmetrical actomyosin contractility in the notochord and the discrepancy of epidermis cell proliferation are required for tail bending. In addition, asymmetrical notochord contractility was sufficient to drive embryonic tail bending, whereas differential epidermis proliferation was a passive response to mechanical forces. These findings showed that asymmetrical notochord contractility coordinates with differential epidermis proliferation mechanisms to drive embryonic tail bending.This article has an associated 'The people behind the papers' interview.


Assuntos
Actomiosina/genética , Morfogênese/genética , Cauda/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Actomiosina/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Ciona/embriologia , Ciona/genética , Ciona/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Notocorda/embriologia , Notocorda/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cauda/embriologia
6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5780, 2020 11 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188193

RESUMO

Realizing programmable assembly and reconfiguration of small objects holds promise for technologically-significant applications in such fields as micromechanical systems, biomedical devices, and metamaterials. Although capillary forces have been successfully explored to assemble objects with specific shapes into ordered structures on the liquid surface, reconfiguring these assembled structures on demand remains a challenge. Here we report a strategy, bioinspired by Anurida maritima, to actively reconfigure assembled structures with well-defined selectivity, directionality, robustness, and restorability. This approach, taking advantage of optocapillarity induced by photodeformation of floating liquid crystal polymer actuators, not only achieves programmable and reconfigurable two-dimensional assembly, but also uniquely enables the formation of three-dimensional structures with tunable architectures and topologies across multiple fluid interfaces. This work demonstrates a versatile approach to tailor capillary interaction by optics, as well as a straightforward bottom-up fabrication platform for a wide range of applications.

7.
J Med Chem ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215494

RESUMO

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) has received increasing attention due to its immunosuppressive function in connection with various diseases, including cancer. A recent increase in the understanding of IDO1 has significantly contributed to the discovery of numerous novel inhibitors, but the latest clinical outcomes raised questions and have indicated a future direction of IDO1 inhibition for therapeutic approaches. Herein, we present a comprehensive review of IDO1, discussing the latest advances in understanding the IDO1 structure and mechanism, an overview of recent IDO1 inhibitor discoveries and potential therapeutic applications to provide helpful information for medicinal chemists investigating IDO1 inhibitors.

8.
Sci Adv ; 6(47)2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219028

RESUMO

Controlling the interlayer twist angle offers a powerful means for tuning the electronic properties of two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals materials. Typically, the electrical conductivity would increase monotonically with decreasing twist angle owing to the enhanced coupling between adjacent layers. Here, we report a nonmonotonic angle-dependent vertical conductivity across the interface of bilayer graphene with low twist angles. More specifically, the vertical conductivity enhances gradually with decreasing twist angle up to a crossover angle at θc ≈ 5°, and then it drops notably upon further decrease in the twist angle. Revealed by density functional theory calculations and scanning tunneling microscopy, the abnormal behavior is attributed to the unusual reduction in average carrier density originating from local atomic reconstruction. The impact of atomic reconstruction on vertical conductivity is unique for low-angle twisted 2D van der Waals materials and provides a strategy for designing and optimizing their electronic performance.

9.
Adv Biosyst ; 4(8): e2000065, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179870

RESUMO

Migratory dynamics of collective cells is central to the morphogenesis of biological tissues. The statistical distribution of cell velocities in 2D confluent monolayers is measured through large-scale and long-term experiments of various cell types lying on different substrates. A linear relation is discovered between the variability and the mean of cell speeds during the jamming process of confluent cell monolayers, suggesting time-invariant distribution profile of cell velocities. It is further found that the probability density function of cell velocities obeys the non-canonical q-Gaussian statistics, regardless of cell types and substrate stiffness. It is the Tsallis entropy, instead of the classical Boltzmann-Gibbs entropy, that dictates the universal statistical laws of collective cell migration. The universal statistical law stems from cell-cell interactions, as demonstrated by the wound healing experiments. This previously unappreciated finding provides a linkage between cell-level heterogeneity and tissue-level ensembles in embryonic development and tumor growth.

10.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-13, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251820

RESUMO

The main reasons for food decay are oxidative reactions and bacterial growth. The food industry has tried to solve these problems either by incorporating additives into foods or by implementing different packaging techniques. However, there is a tendency to incorporate additives into packaging materials, especially those of natural origin. Due to the multiple properties and their extensive accessibility, Mediterranean herbs have been used since ancient times for culinary and pharmacological purposes. This review includes up-to-date information concerning the materials employed and the techniques to produce Mediterranean herbal coatings and films, as well as the sensory changes during the storage within different food categories. Mediterranean herbs have polyphenols, terpenoids, and flavonoids with antimicrobial and antioxidant activity that can used to produce different active systems: sachets, multilayers, labels and coatings. Moreover, the use of essential oils or volatile essential oils from Mediterranean herbs in coatings and films can improve the properties of packaging system and extend the shelf-life of muscle products, fruit and vegetables. The impact of essential oils components in the sensory attributes of coated foods is the current main challenge for the use of these bioactive components in active packaging.

11.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(4): 405-409, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089291

RESUMO

PORPOSE: To establish a prospective cohort of kindergarten children and longitudinally study the causes of early childhood caries. METHODS: Cluster random sampling was used to select a kindergarten in the urban and suburban areas of Pudong New District of Shanghai, a total of 240 small-class children joined the study. Chi-square test, analysis of variance, binomial logistic regression model and general linear regression model was used to analyze caries of the cohort children at baseline and 1 year after follow-up with SPSS 21.0 software package. RESULTS: In the first two years of this cohort study, the follow-up rate was 88.3%, the caries rate in the first year of baseline and follow-up were 58.3% and 69.8%, and the mean dmft values were 3.1±4.2 and 4.5±4.9, respectively. 56.1% of children had new caries. Logistic regression results showed that children who lived in the suburbs (P=0.010) and ate candy more frequently (P=0.036) had higher rates of new caries. The results of general linear regression equation showed that children in the suburbs (P<0.001), those who did not use fluoridated toothpaste (P=0.003) and those who ate candy more frequently (P=0.002) had higher new mean dmft values. CONCLUSIONS: Living in the suburbs, not using fluoride toothpaste and eating candy more frequently are important risk factors for new caries in preschool children in Pudong New District of Shanghai.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 7(19): 2000982, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042739

RESUMO

Spoof surface plasmons (SSPs) play crucial roles in terahertz (THz) near-field photonics. However, both high-efficiency excitation and wavefront engineering of SSPs remain great challenges, which hinder their wide applications in practice. Here, a scheme is proposed to simultaneously achieve these two goals efficiently using a single ultracompact device. First, it is shown that a gradient meta-coupler constructed by high-efficiency Pancharatnam-Berry (PB) meta-atoms can convert circularly polarized (CP) THz beams into SSPs with absolute efficiency up to 60%. Encoding a parabolic phase profile into the meta-coupler based on the PB mechanism, it is demonstrated that the device can covert CP beams into SSPs with focusing or defocusing wavefronts, dictated by the chirality of the incident wave. Finally, two distinct chirality-dependent phase distributions are encoded into the meta-coupler design by combining the PB and resonance phase mechanisms, and it is demonstrated that the resulting meta-device can achieve SSP excitations with chirality-delinked bifunctional wavefront engineering. THz near-field experiments are performed to characterize all three devices, in excellent agreement with full-wave simulations. The results pave the road to realize ultracompact devices integrating different functionalities on near-field manipulations, which can find many applications (e.g., optical sensing, imaging, on-chip photonics, etc.) in different frequency domains.

13.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 112: 104086, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950952

RESUMO

The mechanical properties of soft tissues are strongly dependent on their microstructures which evolve with aging and diseases. In this paper, a micromechanical model is presented to investigate the mechanical properties of tendons and ligaments, which are treated as planar crimped fiber-reinforced composites. The interaction among the constituents in such a composite is accounted for by utilizing the Mori-Tanaka method. Explicit analytical solutions are derived for describing the effects of microstructures on its macroscopic elastic properties, which are in good agreement with both finite element analysis and relevant experimental results. It is found that fiber waviness has a significant influence on the elastic properties of tendon and ligament. Our findings also demonstrate that planar crimp is significant to achieve the large Poisson's ratio of ligament and tendon, thereby revealing a novel structure-function mechanism. Parametric analysis further elucidates that their Poisson's ratios are also dependent on the volume fractions of crimped fibers and the elastic properties of the matrix. This work not only provides a theoretical method to predict the constitutive relation of biocomposites containing wavy fibers, but also expands our knowledge on the microstructural origin of large Poisson's ratios of soft tissues.

14.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 9(4): 1516-1527, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32953523

RESUMO

Background: Radiological manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) featured ground-glass opacities (GGOs), especially in the early stage, which might create confusion in differential diagnosis with early lung cancer. We aimed to specify the radiological characteristics of COVID-19 and early lung cancer and to unveil the discrepancy between them. Methods: One hundred and fifty-seven COVID-19 patients and 374 early lung cancer patients from four hospitals in China were retrospectively enrolled. Epidemiological, clinical, radiological, and pathological characteristics were compared between the two groups using propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis. Results: COVID-19 patients had more distinct symptoms, tended to be younger (P<0.0001), male (P<0.0001), and had a higher body mass index (P=0.014). After 1:1 PSM, 121 matched pairs were identified. Regarding radiological characteristics, patients with a single lesion accounted for 17% in COVID-19 and 89% in lung cancer (P<0.0001). Most lesions were peripherally found in both groups. Lesions in COVID-19 involved more lobes (median 3.5 vs. 1; P<0.0001) and segments (median 6 vs. 1; P<0.0001) and tended to have multiple types (67%) with patchy form (54%). Early lung cancer was more likely to have a single type (92%) with oval form (66%). Also, COVID-19 and early lung cancer either had some distinctive features on computed tomography (CT) images. Conclusions: Both COVID-19 and early lung cancers showed GGOs, with similar but independent features. The imaging characteristics should be fully understood and combined with epidemiological history, pathogen detection, laboratory tests, short-term CT reexamination, and pathological results to aid differential diagnosis.

15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(11): 5654-5664, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931410

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic coccus, designated CK1056T, was isolated from coastal sediment of Xiaoshi Island, Weihai, PR China. Strain CK1056T was found to grow at 15-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), with 0.5-6.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.5 %) and displayed alkaliphilic growth within the pH range of pH 6.5-10.0 (optimum, pH 8.0). The major fatty acids identified were iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). The main polar lipids consisted of aminophosphoglycolipid and phosphatidylethanolamine. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 54.0 mol%. The result of the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis confirmed the affiliation of this micro-organism to the family Puniceicoccaceae, with Coraliomargarita akajimensis KCTC 12865T as its closest relative with only 88.0 % sequence similarity. From the taxonomic data obtained in this study, we propose that the new marine isolate be placed into a novel species within a novel genus in the family Puniceicoccaceae, phylum Verrucomicrobia, for which the name Oceanipulchritudo coccoides gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CK1056T (=KCTC 72798T=MCCC 1H00425T).

16.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 202: 110922, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800257

RESUMO

Fluorene-9-bisphenol (BHPF) is a substitute for bisphenol A (BPA), which is widely used to manufacture plastic products. Previous studies indicate that BHPF has an anti-estrogenic effect and induces cytotoxicity in mice oocytes. However, the effects of acute BHPF exposure on the aquatic organism obtain little attention. In this study, a series of BHPF concentrations (1 µM, 2 µM, 5 µM, 10 µM, 20 µM) was used to exposed zebrafish embryos from 2 h post-fertilization (hpf). The results showed the LC50 at 96hpf was 2.88 µM (1.01 mg/L). Acute exposure induced malformation in morphology, and retarded epiboly rate at 10hpf, increased apoptosis. Moreover, acute BHPF exposure led cardiotoxicity, by impeding cardiac looping, decreasing cardiac contractility (reducing the stroke volume and cardiac output, decreasing fractional shortening of ventricle). Besides that, BHPF exposure altered the expression of cardiac transcriptional regulators and development related genes. In conclusion, acute BHPF exposure induced developmental abnormality, retarded cardiac morphogenesis and injured the cardiac contractility. This study indicated BHPF would be an unneglected threat for the safety of aquatic organisms.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Fenóis/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Cardiotoxicidade/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluorenos/toxicidade , Camundongos , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plásticos , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra
17.
Phys Rev E ; 102(1-1): 012405, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794908

RESUMO

Cell division is central for embryonic development, tissue morphogenesis, and tumor growth. Experiments have evidenced that mitotic cell division is manipulated by the intercellular cues such as cell-cell junctions. However, it still remains unclear how these cortical-associated cues mechanically affect the mitotic spindle machinery, which determines the position and orientation of the cell division. In this paper, a mesoscopic dynamic cell division model is established to explore the integrated regulations of cortical polarity, microtubule pulling forces, cell deformability, and internal osmotic pressure. We show that the distributed pulling forces of astral microtubules play a key role in encoding the instructive cortical cues to orient and position the spindle of a dividing cell. The present model can not only predict the spindle orientation and position, but also capture the morphological evolution of cell rounding. The theoretical results agree well with relevant experiments both qualitatively and quantitatively. This work sheds light on the mechanical linkage between cell cortex and mitotic spindle, and holds potential in regulating cell division and sculpting tissue morphology.

18.
Adv Mater ; 32(36): e2002341, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700816

RESUMO

Metasurfaces are 2D engineered structures with subwavelength granularity, offering a wide range of opportunities to tailor the impinging wavefront. However, fundamental limitations on their efficiency in wave transformation, associated with their deeply subwavelength thickness, challenge their implementation in practical application scenarios. Here, it is shown how the coherent control of metagratings through multiple wave excitations can provide new opportunities to achieve highly reconfigurable broadband metasurfaces with large diffraction efficiency, beyond the limitations of conventional approaches. Remarkably, energy distribution between the 0th and higher diffraction orders can be continuously tuned by changing the relative phase difference between two excitation waves, enabling coherent control, with added benefits of enhanced efficiency and bandwidth. This concept is demonstrated for a thin electric metagrating operating at terahertz frequencies, showing that coherent control can overcome several of the limitations of single-layer ultrathin metastructures, and extend their feasibility in various practical scenarios.

19.
Oral Dis ; 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of chronic periodontitis between men who had semen abnormalities and those who had normozoospermia through a case-control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male patients who visited the assisted reproduction clinic of a large general hospital and were diagnosed with semen abnormalities were included in the case group. The control group was composed of patients of the same clinic with normozoospermia. The semen analysis included sperm concentration, count and progressive and total motility, which were measured in the laboratory. A questionnaire and clinical periodontal examination were conducted for all participants. Logistic regression was performed to explore the relationship between chronic periodontitis and male infertility. RESULTS: A total of 192 participants were included: 63 participants (32.8%) had some type of semen abnormality (case group), while 129 participants (67.2%) had normozoospermia (control group). The case group had a significantly higher prevalence of moderate/severe periodontitis than the control group (33.3% vs. 17.8%, p = .012). The logistic regression showed that participants who had moderate/severe periodontitis had a greater chance of having semen abnormalities after adjusting for other confounding factors (OR = 3.377, p = .005). CONCLUSIONS: Periodontitis is associated with semen abnormalities and sperm motility in men.

20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3679-3685, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416740

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped (0.2-0.3×1.0-2.4 µm), catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and non-motile bacterium, designated strain RZ26T, was isolated from the marine red algae collected from the coast of Weihai, PR China. Growth of strain RZ26T occurred at 15-33 °C (optimum, 25-28 °C), pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.5) and 0.5-5.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.0-3.0 %). Resuls of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain RZ26T was most closely related to Maribacter spongiicola DSM 25233T (96.2 % sequence similarity), followed by Maribacter forsetii DSM 18668T (96.1 %) and Maribacter vaceletii DSM 25230T (95.4 %). The average nucleotide identity and the average amino acid identity values between strain RZ26T and M. sedimenticola KCTC 12966T, M. spongiicola DSM 25233T, M. vaceletii DSM 25230T and M. forsetii DSM 18668T were 75.6, 76.2, 76.0, 76.7, 64.3, 63.9, 68.6 and 68.0 %, respectively. The digital DNA-DNAhybridization values based on the draft genomes between strain RZ26T and M. sedimenticola KCTC 12966T, M. spongiicola DSM 25233T and M. vaceletii DSM 25230T were 38.0, 35.1 and 37.1 %, respectively. The major fatty acids in strain RZ26T were iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c. The major respiratory quinone was MK-6. The dominant polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content was 38.0 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis shows strain RZ26T fell within a clade comprising species of the genus Maribacter. Polyphasic taxonomy indicates that the isolate represents a novel species of the genus Maribacter, for which the name Maribacter algarum sp. nov. is proposed, with type strain RZ26T (=KCTC 62992T=MCCC 1H00362T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Rodófitas/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
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