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1.
Nature ; 579(7798): 260-264, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132711

RESUMO

The production of pore-forming toxins that disrupt the plasma membrane of host cells is a common virulence strategy for bacterial pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)1-3. It is unclear, however, whether host species possess innate immune mechanisms that can neutralize pore-forming toxins during infection. We previously showed that the autophagy protein ATG16L1 is necessary for protection against MRSA strains encoding α-toxin4-a pore-forming toxin that binds the metalloprotease ADAM10 on the surface of a broad range of target cells and tissues2,5,6. Autophagy typically involves the targeting of cytosolic material to the lysosome for degradation. Here we demonstrate that ATG16L1 and other ATG proteins mediate protection against α-toxin through the release of ADAM10 on exosomes-extracellular vesicles of endosomal origin. Bacterial DNA and CpG DNA induce the secretion of ADAM10-bearing exosomes from human cells as well as in mice. Transferred exosomes protect host cells in vitro by serving as scavengers that can bind multiple toxins, and improve the survival of mice infected with MRSA in vivo. These findings indicate that ATG proteins mediate a previously unknown form of defence in response to infection, facilitating the release of exosomes that serve as decoys for bacterially produced toxins.


Assuntos
Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Toxinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Células A549 , Proteína ADAM10/metabolismo , Animais , Toxinas Bacterianas/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA Bacteriano/farmacologia , Exossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Exossomos/ultraestrutura , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/patogenicidade , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infecções Estafilocócicas/mortalidade
2.
Chem Asian J ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196972

RESUMO

UV photoprotection behavior of natural life play a vital role for their physiological protection functions. It has been reported that UVC radiation can make resveratrol (RSV) and piceatannol (PIC) accumulated in grape skin. In this work, we demonstrated RSV and PIC could absorb UVA and UVB dramatically and confirmed their satisfactory photostability. Furthermore, we clearly clarified the UV photoprotection mechanism of typical stilbenoids of RSV and PIC for the first time by using combined femtosecond transient absorption (FTA) spectroscopy experiment and time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculation method. RSV and PIC can be photoexcited to the excited state after UVA and UVB absorption. Subsequently, the photoisomerized RSV and PIC quickly relax to the ground state via the nonadiabatic transition from S 1  state at a conical intersection (CI) position between the potential energy surfaces (PESs) of the S 1  and S 0  states. This ultrafast trans-cis photoisomerization will take place within a few tens of picoseconds. As a result, the UV energy absorbed by RSV and PIC could be dissipated ultrafast by nonadiabatic photoisomerization process.

3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(1): 27-32, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144905

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1), forkhead transcription factor O1 (FoxO1), and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) in the hypothalamus of rats with high-fat diet-induced obesity (DIO), as well as the mechanism of EA in regulating central appetite peptides to help lose weight. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, EA group, EA+inhibitor group, inhibitor group, and sham-operation group, with 10 rats in each group. High-fat diet was used to establish a rat model of DIO. The rats in the EA group and EA+inhibitor group were given EA at "Fenglong" (ST40), "Zhongwan "(CV12),"Guanyuan "(CV4), and"Zusanli" (ST36) with continuous wave at a frequency of 2 Hz and an intensity of 1 mA, for 10 minutes each time. The rats in the EA+inhibitor group and inhibitor group were given tube placement in the third ventricle and injection of the specific SIRT1 antagonist EX-527. The rats in the sham-operation group were given tube placement in the third ventricle and injection of artificial cerebrospinal fluid. The above treatment was given 3 times a week for 8 weeks in total. Body weight, food intake, and Lee's index were observed before and after treatment. An automatic biochemical analyzer was used to measure the serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and free fatty acid (FFA), and Western blot was used to measure the protein expression of SIRT1, FoxO1, acetylated FoxO1(AC-FoxO1), and POMC in the hypothalamus. RESULTS: Before treatment, the model group, the EA group, the EA+inhibitor group, the inhibitor group, and the sham-operation group had significantly higher body weight and food intake than the normal group (P<0.01), and the model group and the sham-operation group had a significantly higher Lee's index than the normal group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group after treatment, the EA group and the EA+inhibitor group had significant reductions in body weight, food intake, TC, and the protein expression of AC-FoxO1 (P<0.01, P<0.05) and significant increases in the protein expression of SIRT1, FoxO1 and POMC (P<0.01, P<0.05); the EA group had significant reductions in Lee's index and the levels of TG, FFA(P<0.05,P<0.01);the inhibitor group had significant increases in food intake, the serum levels of TC, TG, FFA(P<0.01) and significant reductions in the protein expression of SIRT1, FoxO1 and POMC (P<0.01,P<0.05). Compared with the EA group, the EA+inhibitor group and the inhibitor group had significant increases in body weight, food intake, Lee's index, the levels of TG, FFA and the protein expression of AC-FoxO1 (P<0.01, P<0.05) and significant reductions in the protein expression of SIRT1, FoxO1 and POMC (P<0.01); the inhibitor group had significant increases in the serum levels of TC (P<0.01). Compared with the EA+inhibitor group, the inhibitor group had significant increases in body weight, food intake, the serum levels of TC, TG, FFA, and the protein expression of AC-FoxO1 (P<0.01), as well as significant reductions in the protein expression of SIRT1, FoxO1 and POMC (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: In rats with DIO, EA can effectively up-regulate the expression of SIRT1 in the hypothalamus, exert a deacetylation effect on FoxO1, and promote the expression of the downstream appetite-inhibiting peptide POMC, which may be one of the mechanisms of EA to help lose weight by regulating central appetite peptides in the obesity model.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pró-Opiomelanocortina , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Hipotálamo , Masculino , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Obesidade , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(2): 185-91, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on insulin sensitivity, adipose tissue inflammatory reaction and silent information regulation factor 1(SIRT1)/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway in obese rats. METHODS: A total of 100 SPF-grade Wistar male rats were collected. Thirteen rats of them were selected randomly as the normal group and fed with common forage, and the rest rats were fed with high-fat forage. Eight weeks later, 39 rats that met the obesity criteria were randomized into a model group, an EA group and a sham-EA group, 13 rats in each one. In each group, 3 rats were collected randomly and the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp was exerted to record glucose infusion rate (GIR) so as to determine insulin sensitivity. Afterwards, in the EA group, EA was applied to "Zusanli" (ST 36), "Fenglong" (ST 40), "Zhongwan" (CV 12) and "Guanyuan" (CV 4), stimulated with continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency, 1 mA in current intensity, for 15 min. The treatment was given once every 2 days, 3 times a week, for 8 weeks totally. In the sham-EA group, the needles were inserted shallowly at the sites, 5 mm lateral to each of the acupoints stimulated in the EA group, and the electrodes were attached to the needle handles, but without electric stimulation exerted. The rest management was the same as the EA group. Before and after intervention, the body mass and the insulin sensitivity were measured. After intervention, the white adipose tissue was collected from the kidney in the rats. Western blot was adopted to detect the relative protein expressions of SIRT1, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and acetylated NF-κB (Ac-NFκB). The real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of SIRT1, IL-6 and TNF-α. The immunofluorescence double labeling method was applied to detect the co-expression of SIRT1 and Ac-NFκB in adipose tissue. RESULTS: After fed with high-fat forage for 8 weeks, the body mass was significantly increased and GIR decreased in the rats of the model group as compared with the normal group (P<0.01), suggesting that the model of obese rat with insulin resistance was successfully established. After 8-week intervention, compared with the model group, the body mass was reduced and GIR increased in the rats of the EA group (P<0.01). The differences were not significant statistically in comparison between the sham-EA group and the model group (P>0.05). Compared with the normal group, in the model group, the protein and mRNA expressions of SIRT1 in adipose tissue were decreased, and the protein expression of Ac-NFκB increased, the protein and mRNA expressions of IL-6 and TNF-α increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the EA group, the protein and mRNA expressions of SIRT1 in adipose tissue were increased significantly, the protein expression of Ac-NFκB decreased, and the protein and mRNA expressions of IL-6 and TNF-α significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in each index between the sham-EA group and the model group (P>0.05). The results of immunofluorescence double labeling showed that SIRT1 and Ac-NFκB were co-expressed in adipose tissue. CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture significantly reduces the body mass, inflammatory reaction conditions of adipose tissue and improves insulin sensitivity in obese rats. Regarding the potential mechanism, after the activation of SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway by electroacupuncture, and down-regulates the transcription of downstream inflammatory factors.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Eletroacupuntura , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Obesidade/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
5.
Pediatr Res ; 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32099068

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

6.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(1): 11-18, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029054

RESUMO

Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the associations between parity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components and to evaluate the effects of body mass index (BMI) on these associations. Methods: A total of 5,674 women were enrolled from Jidong and Kailuan communities (Tangshan, Hebei) in Northern China. All participants completed standardized questionnaires, physical examination, and biochemical measurements. Logistic regression analysis was used to test the associations. Results: Compared with women with parity of one, nulliparous women had decreased odds ratios ( ORs ); those with parity of two had odds of abdominal obesity [ OR= 1.45, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.17-1.81, P < 0.001], high blood pressure ( OR= 1.26, 95% CI: 1.03-1.54, P = 0.025), elevated fasting glucose levels ( OR= 1.36, 95% CI: 1.03-1.79, P = 0.029), and MetS ( OR= 1.39, 95% CI: 1.13-1.73, P = 0.002); and those with parity of three or more had increased odds of elevated triglyceride levels ( OR= 1.42, 95% CI: 1.04-1.94, P = 0.027) and MetS ( OR= 1.50, 95% CI: 1.10-2.05, P = 0.011) after complete adjustment for confounders. Furthermore, BMI and age subgroups partially modified the associations between parity and MetS and its components. Conclusions: Parity is positively associated with MetS and select components in women. BMI is an important modifier involved in the associations between parity and MetS.

7.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 23, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931794

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: The aim of this study is investigating the benefits and harms of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: We comprehensively searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library for randomized controlled trials comparing NMBAs to any other comparator. We pooled data using relative risk (RR) for dichotomous outcomes and weighted mean difference (WMD) for continuous outcomes, with 95% confidence intervals. We assessed the quality of included studies using the Cochrane tool and levels of evidence using the GRADE method. RESULTS: Finally, six RCTs (n = 1557 patients) were eligible for analysis. The results showed NMBAs use was not associated with reduced 28 days mortality (RR 0.78; 95% CI, 0.58 to 1.06; P = 0.11), 90 days mortality (RR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.81 to 1.04; P = 0.16), and intensive care unit (ICU) mortality (RR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.79 to 1.03; P = 0.13) in patients with ARDS. However, 21-28 days mortality was slightly lower in patients received NMBAs (RR 0.73; 95% CI, 0.54 to 0.99; P = 0.04; I2 = 53%). Besides, NMBAs use could improve the PaO2/FiO2 ratio at 48 and 72 h, decrease plateau pressure and PEEP at 72 h. Additionally, NMBAs had no significant effects on days free of ventilation at day 28 (WMD, 0.55; 95% CI, - 0.46 to 1.57; P = 0.29), days not in ICU at day 28 (WMD, 0.12; 95% CI, - 0.85 to 1.08; P = 0.82), ICU-acquired weakness (RR, 1.23; 95% CI, 0.99 to 1.93; P = 0.06). Finally, NMBAs use was associated with a lower risk of barotrauma (RR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.35 to 0.85; P = 0.007). CONCLUSION: In patients with respiratory distress syndrome, NMBAs may be beneficial in reverse refractory hypoxemia and may be associated with reduced short-term mortality and incidence of barotrauma. However, there is no significant effects of NMBAs on mid-term and long-term mortality, and further studies are required.

8.
J Comput Chem ; 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925957

RESUMO

Organic semiconductors (OSCs) materials are currently under intense investigation because of their potential applications such as organic field-effect transistors, organic photovoltaic devices, and organic light-emitting diodes. Inspired by the selenization strategy can promote anisotropic charge carrier migration, and selenium-containing compounds have been proved to be promising materials as OSCs both for hole and electron transfer. Herein, we now explore the anisotropic transport properties of the series of selenium-containing compounds. For the compound containing SeSe bond, the SeSe bond will break when attaching an electron, thus those compounds cannot act as n-type OSCs. About the different isomer compounds with conjugated structure, the charge transfer will be affected by the stacking of the conjugated structures. The analysis of chemical structure and charge transfer property indicates that Se-containing materials are promising high-performance OSCs and might be used as p-type, n-type, or ambipolar OSCs. Furthermore, the symmetry of the selenium-containing OSCs will affect the type of OSCs. In addition, there is no direct relationship between the R groups with their performance, whether it or not as p-type OSCs or n-types. This work demonstrates the relationship between the optoelectronic function and structure of selenium-containing OSCs materials and hence paves the way to design and improve optoelectronic function of OSCs materials.

9.
Immunol Invest ; : 1-10, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913054

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the role of zinc sulphate in immune regulation in Artemisia annua pollen-challenged P815 mastocytoma cells.Methods: P815 mastocytoma cells were treated with various concentrations of zinc sulphate and Artemisia annua pollen. Cell proliferation was measured using the Cell Counting Kit-8. The amount of ST2 and p38 in the cells were measured using Western blotting. The level of interleukins (IL)-33 in the supernatant was determined using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, interferon-γ, and tumor necrosis factor were measured using the cytometric bead array.Results: Artemisia annua pollen at a concentration >0.001 µg/mL induced allergic response in the P815 mastocytoma cells. Expressions of IL-33, IL-4, ST2, and p38 increased along with higher concentrations of Artemisia annua pollen. Zinc sulphate of 50-200 µmol/L promoted the proliferation of P815 mastocytoma cells. Zinc sulphate attenuated the upregulation of IL-33, IL-4, ST2, and p38 caused by Artemisia annua pollen.Conclusion: Zinc sulphate can promote the proliferation of P815 mastocytoma cells. It can also attenuate allergic response in the P815 mastocytoma cells induced by Artemisia annua pollen, which might provide a new treatment method for allergic diseases.

10.
Brain Res Bull ; 154: 116-126, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738973

RESUMO

This study was designed to investigate whether calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) could induce immture white matter progenitor cells proliferation and differentiation into oligodendrocyte(OL) precursor cells after oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in vitro. Progenitor cells of immature white matter originating from five-day-old newborn rats were divided into control, OGD, control + CaSR silencing, OGD + CaSR silencing, control + adenosine triphosphate magnesium chloride (ATP-MgCl2) and OGD + ATP-MgCl2 groups. Immunofluorescence, real-time RT-PCR, gene silencing, Hoechst 33342/propidium iodide (PI) and Flow cytometry tests were used to examine the proliferation, differentiation and survival of the white matter progenitor cells in the different treatment groups. The results showed that normal immature white matter progenitor cells have certain ability of self-proliferation and differentiation in vitro. OGD could further induce progenitor cells proliferation and differentiation into O4 + OL precursor cells by activating CaSR, but OGD also induced more necrosis and apoptosis of newborn cells and less MBP + OL formation. The addition of ATP-MgCl2 as an activating agent of CaSR further promoted cell proliferation and differentiation both under normal and OGD conditions and reduced OGD-induced apoptosis and necrosis, while CaSR silenced resulted in minimal cell proliferation, differentiation and survival. This study suggests that CaSR plays an important role in the induction of immature white matter progenitor cells proliferation and differentiation into OL precursor cells after OGD, which may provide a new angle to further study whether CaSR initiates the intrinsic repair potential of immature white matter after ischemia in vivo.

11.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(3): 2245-2259, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498437

RESUMO

Tight junction is a structural constitution in cell-cell adhesion and play an important role in the maintenance of permeability and integrity of normal epithelial cell barrier. The protein encoded by Claudin 1 (CLDN1), a member of the claudin family, is an integral membrane protein and a component of tight junction strands. CLDN1 has been proved to regulate the proliferation and metastasis of multiple tumors, but little is known about its role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Here, we found that CLDN1 was aberrantly increased in ESCC tissues and cell lines, and mainly distributed in the nucleus of tumor cells. Furthermore, we confirmed that CLDN1 promoted the proliferation and metastasis of ESCC by triggering autophagy both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanically, we validated that CLDN1-induced autophagy via increasing Unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) expression through AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) signaling pathway in ESCC cells. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that aberrant expression and distribution of CLDN1 promoted the proliferation and metastasis of esophageal squamous carcinoma by triggering autophagy through AMPK/STAT1/ULK1 signaling pathway.

12.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(22): 3800-3806, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799307

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: New-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) during pregnancy and in the postpartum period is rare, especially when complicated with pre-eclampsia, which is difficult to diagnose accurately. Here, we report a patient with new-onset SLE and antiphospholipid syndrome during pregnancy, which presented as pre-eclampsia at admission. CASE SUMMARY: A 28-year-old primigravid woman was admitted to our hospital in the 27th wk of gestation with the primary diagnosis of severe pre-eclampsia. Although spasmolysis and antihypertensive therapy were administered since admission, the 24-h proteinuria of the 2nd day after admission reached 10311.0 mg. In the 47th h of admission, immunologic examinations revealed increased levels of anti-double stranded DNA antibody, anti-nuclear antibody, anti-cardiolipin antibody, anti-Sjögren's syndrome-related antigen A antibody and anti-nucleosome antibody and decreased levels of complement C3 and C4. One hour later, ultrasonography of the lower limbs showed thrombus of the bilateral popliteal veins. The diagnosis of SLE and antiphospholipid syndrome was indicated. In the 54th h, the patient manifested with convulsion, dyspnea and blurred vision. Ten hours later, intrauterine death was revealed by ultrasonography. Emergent surgery consisting of inferior vena cava filter implantation and subsequent cesarean section was performed. Following glucocorticoid and anticoagulation therapy after delivery, the patient had an optimal response with improvements in symptoms and immunological markers. CONCLUSION: Obstetricians should be aware of the symptoms and immunological examination results to distinguish pre-eclampsia and underlying SLE for optimal pregnancy outcomes.

14.
Australas J Dermatol ; 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840241

RESUMO

Rifampicin is an essential first line anti-tuberculosis drug. However, several cases of adverse reactions associated with this drug have been reported, the most common of which are cutaneous drug reactions. We report a case of mixed lichenoid and psoriasiform drug eruption induced by rifampicin.

15.
Sci Prog ; : 36850419876542, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829855

RESUMO

How to improve efficiency is still a very active research point for pump as turbine. This article comes up with a method for optimal design of pump as turbine impeller meridional plane. It included the parameterized control impeller meridional plane, the computational fluid dynamics technique, the optimized Latin hypercube sampling experimental design, the back propagation neural network optimized by genetic algorithm and genetic algorithm. Concretely, the impeller meridional plane was parameterized by the Pro/E software, the optimized Latin hypercube sampling was used to obtain the test sample points for back propagation neural network optimized by genetic algorithm, and the model corresponding to each sample point was calculated to obtain the performance values by the computational fluid dynamics techniques. Then, back propagation neural network learning and training are carried out by combining sample points and corresponding model performance values. Last but not least, back propagation neural network optimized by genetic algorithm and genetic algorithm were combined to deal with the optimization problem of impeller meridional plane. According to the aforementioned optimization design method, impeller meridional plane of the pump as turbine was optimized. The result manifests that the optimized pump as turbine energy-conversion efficiency was improved by 2.28% at the optimum operating condition, at the same time meet the pressure head constraint, namely the head difference between initial and optimized model is under the set numeric value. This demonstrates that the optimization method proposed in this article to optimize the impeller meridional plane is practicable.

16.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(12): 898-905, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on inflammatory reaction and insulin sensitivity in insulin-resistant obese (OIR) rats. METHODS: Thirteen male Wistar rats were randomly selected as the control group and fed with common diet. The other 39 rats were fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to establish OIR model and then randomized into model, EA and sham EA groups. EA (2 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to unilateral "Zusanli" (ST36), "Fenglong" (ST40), "Zhongwan" (CV12) and "Guanyuan" (CV4) for 15 min, once every other day for 8 weeks, and sham EA was applied to unilateral 4 control spots about 5 mm lateral to the aforementioned 4 acupoints after shallowly inserting acupuncture needles, but without electric current output. After 8 weeks' intervention, the body weight was recorded and the glucose infusion rate (GIR) measured using hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp technique. At the 6th week of intervention, glucose contents of intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) and intraperitoneal insulin tole-rance test (IPITT) were measured. The levels of serum insulin (INS) and inflammatory factors as C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-6 and TNF-α were measured by using ELISA at the end of the treatment. The expression levels of IL-6, TNF-α, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP-1), IL-10 and IL-1ß proteins and mRNAs in the abdominal adipose tissues were detected by Western blot and quantitative real time-PCR, separately. The CD68 expression (displaying infiltration of macrophages) of adipose tissue was detected using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: After modeling, the contents of glucose of IPGTT at 30, 60 and 120 min and those of IPITT at 15, 30, 60 and 120 min, serum INS, CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α, as well as the expression levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1ß and MCP-1 proteins and mRNAs and CD68 protein were significantly increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), while the levels of GIR and IL-10 protein and mRNA were obviously decreased in the model group in comparison with those of the control group (P<0.01), suggesting an increase of inflammation and a decline of INS sensitivity. Following the interventions, the increased contents of glucose of IPGTT and IPITT, serum INS, CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α, expression levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1ß and MCP-1 proteins and mRNAs and CD68 protein, and the decreased levels of GIR and IL-10 protein and mRNA were evidently reversed in the EA group compared with the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05) rather than those in the sham EA group (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA can reduce the level of inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity in OIR rats.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Resistência à Insulina , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Inflamação , Insulina , Masculino , Obesidade , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(9): 3949-3961, 2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854857

RESUMO

The characteristics of volatile organic compound (VOCs) species from various production procedures of wood-based panel production and other industrial processes in Chengdu were analyzed through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and other methods specified in national standards after the emissions of typical enterprises of wood-based panel production, pharmaceutical manufacturing, chemical production and other industrial processes in Chengdu had been sampled using sampling bottles and SUMMA canisters. Generally, the process of wood-based panel production includes glue making, glue mixing, sorting, and hot pressing, whereas the process of pharmaceutical manufacturing includes workshop production and wastewater treatment. The results showed that the main contribution species of VOCs in wood-based panel production and pharmaceutical manufacturing is oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs), accounting for more than 50% of the total VOCs emitted. The species from organized and unorganized emissions of formaldehyde manufacturing differed significantly. The main species of organized emissions was OVOCs, and that of unorganized emissions was halohydrocarbons. Emissions of VOCs from coating manufacturing were strongly correlated with the raw materials, and the corresponding emission species were composed mainly of aromatics and OVOCs. Except for glue mixing, the main species of VOCs in other process procedures of wood-based panel production was formaldehyde, with emission proportion of more than 50%. The primary species of VOCs in various processes of pharmaceutical manufacturing was ethanol; however 1,4-dioxane, ethyl acetate, and toluene were also important species. Moreover, the main VOCs from formaldehyde manufacturing were composed mainly of acetone and ethanol, and those of coating manufacturing were aromatic hydrocarbons such as p-xylene. The ozone formation potential was to characterize the reactivity of pollution sources in VOCs from wood-based panel production, pharmaceutical manufacturing, and chemical production. The results showed that the species of VOCs in different industries contributed similarly to the reactivity and that these species were mainly high-activity species such as formaldehyde, ethanol, and other OVOCs as well as some aromatic hydrocarbons. Therefore, supervision and regulation of enterprises of industrial processes is required with a focus on species with relatively large ozone formation potential. In addition, it is necessary to analyze the emission characteristics and chemical mechanism of various industries and to control O3 generation from the sources.

18.
Environ Technol ; : 1-15, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880961

RESUMO

Attapulgite (ATP) and its organically modified products have been investigated for potential applications in environmental remediation. In this work, a variety of modifiers with different functional groups, including saturated sodium chloride solution (NaCl), cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) and humic acid (HA), were used to treat attapulgite clay firstly, and then with the modified ATP as adsorbent and acrylamide (AAm) as monomer, polyacrylamide/modified attapulgite (PAAm/modified ATP) composite hydrogel which could adsorb heavy metal ions Ni(II) and organic pollutants phenol were synthesized. The structure of the raw ATP and modified ATP was specified with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission electron microscope (TEM). The experiments indicated that the modified ATP and composite hydrogel possessed good adsorption properties for Ni(II) ions and phenol. The adsorption capacity of PAAm/HA-ATP hydrogel for Ni(II) was as high as 64.3 mg/g, which was 194.9% of pure hydrogel. The adsorption isotherm of HA-modified ATP (HA-ATP) and adsorption kinetics of PAAm/HA-ATP composite hydrogel was particularly concerned. The adsorption isotherm equation fitted well on the Langmuir model and RL values ranged from 0.04 to 0.12 with different temperatures, indicated that the HA-ATP was a suitable adsorbent for adsorption of Ni(II) ions from wastewater. The obtained kinetics data for Ni(II) ions adsorption onto the PAAm/HA-ATP were described well by the pseudo-second-order model (R2 > 0.99). As for the adsorption of phenol, double-modification proved to be the most effective method, and its optimal adsorption capacity was obtained on PAAm/CTAB-HA-ATP hydrogel.

19.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2019: 2763093, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871925

RESUMO

Objective: The present study aimed to explore the association between SUA and NAFLD in women with different menstrual statuses. Methods: A total of 6043 women were selected from the Jidong and Kailuan communities for inclusion in the present study. The SUA levels of participants were divided into quartiles. NAFLD was determined by abdominal ultrasonography. Data from laboratory tests and clinical examination were collected, and basic information was obtained from standardized questionnaires. The menstrual status was stratified into menstrual period, menopause transition period, and postmenopause. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to determine the relationship between menstrual status, SUA, and NAFLD. Results: The levels of SUA in subjects with NAFLD in the menstrual period, menopause transition period, and postmenopause were 268.0 ± 71.1, 265.6 ± 67.8, and 286.7 ± 75.8 (mmol/L), respectively, and were higher than those in subjects without NAFLD. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) for NAFLD among participants in the menopause transition period and postmenopausal period were 1.10 (0.89-1.37) and 1.28 (1.04-1.58), respectively, compared with the menstrual period women. Compared to the lowest quartile of SUA, the adjusted ORs with 95% CI of the highest quartile for NAFLD were 2.24 (1.69-2.99) for females in the menstrual period, 1.92 (1.10-3.37) for females in the menopause transition period, and 1.47 (1.06-2.03) for females in postmenopause. Conclusions: Menstrual status was significantly correlated with NAFLD. High levels of SUA were associated with NAFLD in females during the three menstrual periods.

20.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 603, 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutation of the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) gene, or knockdown resistance (kdr) gene, is an important resistance mechanism against DDT and pyrethroids for dengue vector Aedes albopictus. A phenylalanine to serine (F1534S), leucine (F1534L) and cysteine (F1534C) substitution were detected in many Ae. albopictus populations around the world, and the mutant allele frequencies have been increasing in recent years. Therefore, it is essential to establish a simple, time-saving and cost-effective procedure to monitor the alleles in large-scale studies. METHODS: Based on the mutation genotypes of the 1534 locus in the kdr gene, F/F, F/S, F/C, F/L, S/S, C/C, L/L and S/C, we designed specific forward and reverse primers and optimized the reaction conditions for establishing of the allele-specific PCR(AS-PCR) detection technique. DNA sequencing in this study was taken as the gold standard, and used to determine the accuracy of AS-PCR. RESULTS: The designed AS-PCR technique showed high specificity for distinguishing the mutations at the 1534 locus, as the accuracy for F/F, F/S, F/C, F/L, S/S, C/C and S/C were 100%, 95.35%, 100%, 100%, 100%, 100% and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The designed AS-PCR technique effectively distinguished individual genotypes for the mutations at the 1534 locus in the kdr gene, which could facilitate the knockdown resistance surveillance in Ae. albopictus in large-scale studies.

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