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1.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e918933, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Interleukin-36 has been demonstrated to be involved in inflammatory responses. Inflammatory responses due to ischemia-reperfusion injury following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can cause heart dysfunction or damage. MATERIAL AND METHODS The CPB models were constructed in IL-36R-/-, IL-36RN-/-, and wild-type SD rats. Ultrasonic cardiography and ELISA were used to evaluate the cardiac function and measuring myocardial biomarker levels in different groups. TUNEL assay was used to evaluate apoptosis. Western blot assays and RT-PCR were performed to measure the expression of chemokines and secondary inflammatory cytokines in the heart. Oxidative stress in tissue and cultured cells was assessed using a DCFH-DA fluorescence probe and quantification of superoxide dismutase activity. RESULTS Improved systolic function and decreased serum levels of myocardial damage biomarkers were found in IL-36R-/- rats compared to WT rats, while worse cardiac function and cardiomyocyte IR injury were observed in IL-36RN-/- rats compared to WT rats. TUNEL staining and Western blot analyses found that cardiomyocyte apoptosis and inflammation were significantly lower in the hearts of IL-36R-/- rats compared with that of WT rats. Oxidative stress was significantly lower in IL-36R-/- rats compared to WT rats. iNOS expression was significantly reduced, while eNOS expression was increased in the hearts of IL-36R-/- rats. Silencing of IL-36R expression in vitro activated SIRT1/FOXO1/p53 signaling in cardiomyocytes. CONCLUSIONS IL-36R deficiency in cardiomyocytes repressed infiltration of bone marrow-derived inflammatory cells and oxidative stress dependent on SIRT1-FOXO1 signaling, thus protecting cardiomyocytes and improving cardiac function in CPB model rats.

2.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(2): 137, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080166

RESUMO

Chemoresistance is one of the major reasons leading to ovarian cancer high mortality and poor survival. Studies have shown that the alteration of cellular autophagy is associated with cancer cell chemoresistance. Here, we investigated whether the ovarian cancer chemoresistance is associated with the autophagy induced by the inhibitor of DNA binding 1 (ID1). By using gene overexpression or silencing, luciferase assay and human specimens, we show that ID1 induces high autophagy and confers cancer cell chemoresistance. The mechanistic study demonstrates that ID1 first activates the NF-κB signaling through facilitating the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65, which strengthens the expression and secretion of IL-6 from cancer cells to subsequently activate the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) through the protein phosphorylation at Y705. We further identified that STAT3 functions to promote the transcription of the activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), which induces endoplasmic reticulum stress to promote cellular autophagy, granting cancer cell resistance to both cisplatin and paclitaxel treatment. Moreover, we found a significant correlation between the expression of ID1 and ATF6 in 1104 high grade serous ovarian cancer tissues, and that patients with the high expression of ID1 or ATF6 were resistant to platinum treatment and had the poor overall survival and progression-free survival. Thus, we have uncovered a mechanism in which ID1 confers cancer cell chemoresistance largely through the STAT3/ATF6-induced autophagy. The involved molecules, including ID1, STAT3, and ATF6, may have a potential to be targeted in combination with chemotherapeutic agents to improve ovarian cancer survival.

3.
Mol Cell Proteomics ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900314

RESUMO

Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an obligate heterotrimer that consists of a catalytic subunit (α) and two regulatory subunits (ß and γ). AMPK is a key enzyme in the regulation of cellular energy homeostasis. It has been well studied and is known to function in many cellular pathways. However, the interactome of AMPK has not yet been systematically established, although protein-protein interaction is critically important for protein function and regulation. Here, we used tandem-affinity purification, coupled with mass spectrometry (TAP-MS) analysis, to determine the interactome of AMPK and its functions. We conducted a TAP-MS analysis of all seven AMPK subunits. We identified 138 candidate high-confidence interacting proteins(HCIPs) of AMPK, which allowed us to build an interaction network of AMPK complexes. Five candidate AMPK-binding proteins were experimentally validated, underlining the reliability of our dataset. Furthermore, we demonstrated that AMPK acts with a strong AMPK-binding protein, Artemis, in non-homologous end joining. Collectively, our study established the first AMPK interactome and uncovered a new function of AMPK in DNA repair.

4.
DNA Repair (Amst) ; 87: 102803, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991288

RESUMO

DNA damage response (DDR) is critically important for cell survival, genome maintenance, and its defect has been exploited therapeutically in cancer treatment. Many DDR-targeting agents have been generated and have entered the clinic and/or clinical trials. In order to provide a global and unbiased view of DDR network, we designed a focused CRISPR library targeting 365 DDR genes and performed CRISPR screens on the responses to several DDR inhibitors and DNA-damaging agents in 293A cells. With these screens, we determined responsive pathways enriched under treatment with different types of small-molecule agents. Additionally, we showed that POLE3/4-deficient cells displayed enhanced sensitivity to an ATR inhibitor, a PARP inhibitor, and camptothecin. Moreover, by performing DDR screens in isogenic TP53 wild-type and TP53 knock-out cell lines, our results suggest that the performance of our CRISPR DDR dropout screens is independent of TP53 status. Collectively, our findings indicate that CRISPR DDR screens can be used to identify potential targets of small-molecule drugs and reveal that TP53 status does not affect the outcome of these screens.

5.
J Periodontal Res ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Excessive osteoclast activity is a major characteristic of pathogenic bone loss in inflammatory bone diseases including periodontitis. However, beyond the knowledge that osteoclasts are differentiated from the monocyte/macrophage lineage and share common ancestry with macrophages and DC, the nature and function of osteoclast precursors are not completely understood. Furthermore, little is known about how osteoclast precursors respond to bacterial infection in vivo. We have previously demonstrated in vitro that the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) plays a biphasic role on the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation. In this study, we investigated the in vivo effect of Pg infection on the regulation of osteoclast precursors, using a mouse calvarial infection model. METHODS AND RESULTS: C57BL/6 wild-type and the myeloid differentiation factor 88 knockout (MyD88-/- ) mice were infected with Pg by calvarial injection. Local and systemic bone loss, and the number and function of CD11b+ c-fms+ cells from bone marrow and spleen were analyzed. Our results show that Pg infection induces localized inflammatory infiltration and osteoclastogenesis, as well as increased number and osteoclastogenic potential of CD11b+ c-fms+ osteoclast precursors in the bone marrow and periphery. We also show that CD11b+ c-fms+ RANK+ and CD11b+ c-fms+ RANK- are precursors with similar osteoclastogenic and pro-inflammatory potentials. In addition, CD11b+ c-fms+ cells exhibit an antigen-specific T-cell immune-suppressive activity, which are increased with Pg infection. Moreover, we demonstrate that MyD88 is involved in the regulation of osteoclast precursors upon Pg infection. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrate an enhanced dual function of osteoclast precursors following calvarial Pg infection. Based on our findings, we propose the following model: Pg infection increases a pool of precursor cells that can be shunted toward osteoclast formation at the infection/inflammation sites, while at the same time dampening host immune responses, which is beneficial for the persistence of infection and maintenance of the characteristic chronic nature of periodontitis. Understanding the nature, function, and regulation of osteoclast precursors will be helpful for identifying therapeutic interventions to aid in the control and prevention of inflammatory bone loss diseases including periodontitis.

6.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 163: 108-116, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973846

RESUMO

Rice blast caused by Magnaporthe oryzae B. Couch is one of the most devastating diseases on rice. Camptothecin (CPT), which was primarily isolated from Camptotheca acuminata, is well-known for its anti-tumor activities, and is also developed as a potential biological pesticide. We previously investigated the anti-microbial activities of CPT against 11 fungi, 3 oomycetes, and 4 bacteria, and found that CPT was strongly effective against M. oryzae, indicating its potential as a lead for developing fungicide against rice blast. However, the anti-fungal effects of CPT on M. oryzae need further elucidation. In this study, the anti-fungal activities of CPT against M. oryzae were further investigated, which revealed that CPT was effective against M. oryzae both in vitro and in vivo. The transcriptome of M. oryzae was analyzed after CPT treatment, which showed that CPT had a strong inhibitory effect on 'translation' and 'carbohydrate metabolism/energy metabolism' of M. oryzae. Some physiology characteristics of M. oryzae were also assayed, which confirmed that CPT inhibited RNA synthesis, protein synthesis, and carbohydrate metabolism/energy metabolism of M. oryzae, and caused membrane damage. The molecular simulation result showed that CPT binds to the interface of DNA-topoisomerase I complex of M. oryzae. In conclusion, CPT is a promising lead for developing fungicide against rice blast. CPT may bind to DNA-topoisomerase I complex of M. oryzae, thus affecting 'translation' and 'carbohydrate metabolism/energy metabolism', leading to cell death.


Assuntos
Magnaporthe , Oryza , Camptotecina , Doenças das Plantas
7.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31990078

RESUMO

Although the function and regulation of SnRK1 have been studied in various plants, its molecular mechanisms in response to abiotic stresses are still elusive. In this work, we identified an AP2/ERF domain-containing protein (designated GsERF7) interacting with GsSnRK1 from a wild soybean cDNA library. GsERF7 gene expressed dominantly in wild soybean roots and was responsive to ethylene, salt, and alkaline. GsERF7 bound GCC cis-acting element and could be phosphorylated on S36 by GsSnRK1. GsERF7 phosphorylation facilitated its translocation from cytoplasm to nucleus and enhanced its transactivation activity. When coexpressed in the hairy roots of soybean seedlings, GsSnRK1(wt) and GsERF7(wt) promoted plants to generate higher tolerance to salt and alkaline stresses than their mutated species, suggesting that GsSnRK1 may function as a biochemical and genetic upstream kinase of GsERF7 to regulate plant adaptation to environmental stresses. Furthermore, the altered expression patterns of representative abiotic stress-responsive and hormone-synthetic genes were determined in transgenic soybean hairy roots after stress treatments. These results will aid our understanding of molecular mechanism of how SnRK1 kinase plays a cardinal role in regulating plant stress resistances through activating the biological functions of downstream factors.

8.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(1): 91-97, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30661391

RESUMO

Tetradium trichotomum Lour., is a plant species endemic to tropical South East Asia with particular medicinal importance. However, very little analysis in this plant has been studied up to now from a phytochemical viewpoint. One new amide alkaloid (wuchuyuamide V, 1), as well as two known amide alkaloids-wuchuyuamide III (2), and wuchuyuamide I (3) were obtained from the fruits of T. trichotomum for the first time. The structures of wuchuyuamide V (1) and wuchuyuamide III (2) were unambiguously elucidated by 1D and 2D-NMR spectra, mass spectrometry, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction.

9.
J Biophotonics ; 13(2): e201960109, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867878

RESUMO

Spontaneous Raman micro-spectroscopy has been demonstrated great potential in delineating tumor margins; however, it is limited by slow acquisition speed. We describe a superpixel acquisition approach that can expedite acquisition between ~×100 and ×10 000, as compared to point-by-point scanning by trading off spatial resolution. We present the first demonstration of superpixel acquisition on rapid discrimination of basal cell carcinoma tumor from eight patients undergoing Mohs micrographic surgery. Results have been demonstrated high discriminant power for tumor vs normal skin based on the biochemical differences between nucleus, collagen, keratin and ceramide. We further perform raster-scanned superpixel Raman imaging on positive and negative margin samples. Our results indicate superpixel acquisition can facilitate the use of Raman microspectroscopy as a rapid and specific tool for tumor margin assessment.

10.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(23): 3957-3963, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of fistulas arising from the third branchial cleft includes endoscopic cauterization or open cervical fistulectomy. Both approaches are associated with recurrence rates of 14%-18%, and possibly greater rates when the fistula has been treated operatively beforehand. Treatment of fistulas arising from the third branchial cleft is associated with an inordinate recurrence rate. Recurrence may be multifactorial and related to incomplete resection of all of the anatomical elements of the fistula. AIM: To present a new approach that involves complete resection of the recurrent fistula by a combined therapeutic approach. METHODS: Here, 12 adult patients diagnosed with recurrent third branchial cleft fistulas underwent a combined therapy assisted by flexible fiber-optic pharyngoscopy to identify and resect the entry site of the fistula into the pyriform sinus. The fistulous opening into the pyriform sinus was identified by flexible fiber-optic pharyngoscopy. The application of intubation with a guidewire by pharyngoscopy, in addition to the removal of the partial excision of the thyroid cartilage, allowed complete resection of the opening and all parts of the fistula tract. RESULTS: All of the internal openings of the fistulas in the pharynx were found and easily identified by flexible fiber-optic pharyngoscopy. All of the 12 patients underwent complete resection of the recurrent fistula by the combined therapeutic approach. There were no postoperative complications such as parapharyngeal abscess or wound infection, injury or dysfunction of the recurrent laryngeal or superior laryngeal nerves. The pharyngeal edema had degraded, and the pharyngeal wound healed postoperatively within 1 wk. Laryngeal endoscopy and voice analysis were performed on the 14th d post-operatively. Vocal cord movements did not change. The characters of voice for jitter, shimmer, and normalized noise energy were all within normal limits. In addition, no recurrences were observed during the 13-60 mo follow-up period. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that the proposed combined therapy is associated with excellent results, minimal morbidity, and no recurrence.

11.
Molecules ; 24(23)2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771241

RESUMO

Three previously undescribed compounds, two prenyleudesmanes (1 and 2), and one hexanorlanostane (3), were isolated from the roots of Lonicera macranthoides. Their structures were established based on 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra and high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectral (HR-ESI-MS) data. The absolute configurations of 1 and 3 were determined by X-ray diffraction. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that the absolute configuration of a prenyleudesmane with a trans-decalin system and a hexanorlanostane have been unambiguously confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction with Cu Kα radiation. Thecompounds were tested for their antiproliferative activity on the cancer cell lines (HepG2 and HeLa). The compounds 1-3 exhibited moderate inhibitory effects against two human cancer cell lines.

12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(19): 8313-8328, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576812

RESUMO

In this study, we used high-throughput RNA sequencing to identify mRNAs, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs) that are differentially expressed in the Substantia Nigra (SN) of aged and young rats. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses were used to perform functional annotation of mRNAs that were either differentially expressed themselves (DEMs), targeted by differentially expressed lncRNAs (DELs), or the parents of differentially expressed circRNAs (DECs). A total of 112 DEMs, 163 DELs, and 98 DECs were found in the SN of aged rats. The down-regulated lncRNA NONRATT010417.2 targeted the down-regulated mRNA Myh1, while the down-regulated lncRNA NONRATT015586.2 and the up-regulated lncRNAs NONRATT000490.2 and NONRATT007029.2 all targeted the down-regulated mRNAs Casr and Mis18a. Western blots and RT-qPCR revealed that Myh1, Casr, and Mis18a protein and mRNA expression were significantly reduced in aged rats compared to young rats. This study improves our understanding of the transcriptional alterations underlying aging-related changes in the SN and provides a foundation for future studies of associated molecular mechanisms.

13.
Cell ; 179(1): 56-58, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539499

RESUMO

In this issue of Cell, Takemata et al. demonstrate that coalescin (ClsN), an archaeal condensin ortholog, facilitates higher-level organization of chromosomes in crenarchaea that bears greater similarity to metazoans than bacteria. Their study unravels biological function for chromosome organization in Archaea and provides insights into the evolution of eukaryotic chromosomal compartmentalization.

14.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2019: 2602414, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549053

RESUMO

4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD) is a promising target for drug and pesticide discovery. The unknown binding mode of substrate is still a big challenge for the understanding of enzymatic reaction mechanism and novel HPPD inhibitor design. Herein, we determined the first crystal structure of Arabidopsis thaliana HPPD (AtHPPD) in complex with its natural substrate (HPPA) at a resolution of 2.80 Å. Then, combination of hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) calculations confirmed that HPPA takes keto rather than enol form inside the HPPD active pocket. Subsequent site-directed mutagenesis and kinetic analysis further showed that residues (Phe424, Asn423, Glu394, Gln307, Asn282, and Ser267) played important roles in substrate binding and catalytic cycle. Structural comparison between HPPA-AtHPPD and holo-AtHPPD revealed that Gln293 underwent a remarkable rotation upon the HPPA binding and formed H-bond network of Ser267-Asn282-Gln307-Gln293, resulting in the transformation of HPPD from an inactive state to active state. Finally, taking the conformation change of Gln293 as a target, we proposed a new strategy of blocking the transformation of HPPD from inactive state to active state to design a novel inhibitor with K i value of 24.10 nM towards AtHPPD. The inhibitor has entered into industry development as the first selective herbicide used for the weed control in sorghum field. The crystal structure of AtHPPD in complex with the inhibitor (2.40 Å) confirmed the rationality of the design strategy. We believe that the present work provides a new starting point for the understanding of enzymatic reaction mechanism and the design of next generation HPPD inhibitors.

15.
Ann Acad Med Singapore ; 48(7): 224-232, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495868

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Evidence supporting non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in paediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) remains sparse. We aimed to describe characteristics of patients with PARDS supported with NIV and risk factors for NIV failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicentre retrospective study. Only patients supported on NIV with PARDS were included. Data on epidemiology and clinical outcomes were collected. Primary outcome was NIV failure which was defined as escalation to invasive mechanical ventilation within the first 7 days of PARDS. Patients in the NIV success and failure groups were compared. RESULTS: There were 303 patients with PARDS; 53/303 (17.5%) patients were supported with NIV. The median age was 50.7 (interquartile range: 15.7-111.9) months. The Paediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction score and oxygen saturation/fraction of inspired oxygen (SF) ratio were 2.0 (1.0-10.0) and 155.0 (119.4- 187.3), respectively. Indications for NIV use were increased work of breathing (26/53 [49.1%]) and hypoxia (22/53 [41.5%]). Overall NIV failure rate was 77.4% (41/53). All patients with sepsis who developed PARDS experienced NIV failure. NIV failure was associated with an increased median paediatric intensive care unit stay (15.0 [9.5-26.5] vs 4.5 [3.0-6.8] days; P <0.001) and hospital length of stay (26.0 [17.0-39.0] days vs 10.5 [5.5-22.3] days; P = 0.004). Overall mortality rate was 32.1% (17/53). CONCLUSION: The use of NIV in children with PARDS was associated with high failure rate. As such, future studies should examine the optimal selection criteria for NIV use in these children.

16.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 47(19): 10181-10201, 2019 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495888

RESUMO

Interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) are highly toxic DNA lesions that are repaired via a complex process requiring the coordination of several DNA repair pathways. Defects in ICL repair result in Fanconi anemia, which is characterized by bone marrow failure, developmental abnormalities, and a high incidence of malignancies. SLX4, also known as FANCP, acts as a scaffold protein and coordinates multiple endonucleases that unhook ICLs, resolve homologous recombination intermediates, and perhaps remove unhooked ICLs. In this study, we explored the role of SLX4IP, a constitutive factor in the SLX4 complex, in ICL repair. We found that SLX4IP is a novel regulatory factor; its depletion sensitized cells to treatment with ICL-inducing agents and led to accumulation of cells in the G2/M phase. We further discovered that SLX4IP binds to SLX4 and XPF-ERCC1 simultaneously and that disruption of one interaction also disrupts the other. The binding of SLX4IP to both SLX4 and XPF-ERCC1 not only is vital for maintaining the stability of SLX4IP protein, but also promotes the interaction between SLX4 and XPF-ERCC1, especially after DNA damage. Collectively, these results demonstrate a new regulatory role for SLX4IP in maintaining an efficient SLX4-XPF-ERCC1 complex in ICL repair.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Reparo do DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Endonucleases/genética , Recombinação Homóloga/genética , Recombinases/genética , DNA/química , DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/química , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Ligação Proteica/genética
17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(17)2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470610

RESUMO

Nitrogen-doped carbon materials have garnered much interest due to their electrocatalytic activity towards important reactions such as the reduction of hydrogen peroxide. N-doped carbon materials are typically prepared and deposited on solid conductive supports, which can sometimes involve time-consuming, complex, and/or costly procedures. Here, nitrogen-doped screen-printed carbon electrodes (N-SPCEs) were fabricated directly from a lab-formulated ink composed of graphite that was modified with surface nitrogen groups by a simple soft nitriding technique. N-SPCEs prepared from inexpensive starting materials (graphite powder and urea) demonstrated good electrocatalytic activity towards hydrogen peroxide reduction. Amperometric detection of H2O2 using N-SPCEs with an applied potential of -0.4 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) exhibited good reproducibility and stability as well as a reasonable limit of detection (2.5 µM) and wide linear range (0.020 to 5.3 mM).

18.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 159: 59-67, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400785

RESUMO

Phytophthora capsici is a plant oomycete pathogen, which causes many devastating diseases on a broad range of hosts. Zedoary turmeric oil (ZTO) is a kind of natural plant essential oil that has been widely used in pharmaceutical applications. However, the antifungal activity of ZTO against phytopathogens remains unknown. In this study, we found ZTO could inhibit P. capsici growth and development in vitro and in detached cucumber and Nicotiana benthamiana leaves. Besides, ZTO treatment resulted in severe damage to the cell membrane of P. capsici, leading to the leakage of intracellular contents. ZTO also induced a significant increase in relative conductivity, malondialdehyde concentration and glycerol content. Furthermore, we identified 50 volatile organic compounds from ZTO, and uncovered Curcumol, ß-elemene, curdione and curcumenol with strong inhibitory activities against mycelial growth of P. capsici. Overall, our results not only shed new light on the antifungal mechanism of ZTO, but also imply a promising alternative for the control of phytophthora blight caused by P. capsici.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Phytophthora/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Curcuma , Phytophthora/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos de Germacrano/farmacologia
19.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448637

RESUMO

Tetradium ruticarpum (Juss.) Benth. belong to the family of Rutaceae. The complete and nearly ripe fruits of T. ruticarpum is used as traditional Chinese medicine and phytochemical investigations have been conducted on extracts of the seeds of T. ruticarpum to provide scientific validation of its properties. In this study, we successfully isolated two new quinolone alkaloids (1-2) from the MeOH extractive of nearly ripe fruits of T. ruticarpum. The structure elucidation of these compounds was determined by one- and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance, ultraviolet and electrospray ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry. This finding expands the understanding of the natural constituents of the Rutaceae, in particular, the Tetradium genera.

20.
J Plant Physiol ; 240: 153004, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279220

RESUMO

Low temperature is one of the primary causes of economic loss in agricultural production, and in this regard, expansin proteins are known to play important roles in plant growth and responses to various abiotic stresses and plant hormones. In order to elucidate the roles of expansin genes in the response of Dongnongdongmai 2 (D2), a highly cold-resistant winter wheat variety, to low-temperature stress, we exposed plants to a temperature of 4℃ and analysed the transcriptome of tillering nodes. Expression levels of TaEXPB7-B were significantly increased in response to both low-temperature stress and abscisic acid (ABA) treatment. To further confirm these observations, we transformed Arabidopsis plants with the ß-glucuronidase (GUS) gene driven by the TaEXPB7-B promoter. GUS staining results revealed that TaEXPB7-B showed similar responses to low-temperature and ABA treatments. Our transcriptome data indicated that the AREB/ABF transcription factor gene TaWABI5 was also induced by low temperature in D2. Yeast one-hybrid experiments demonstrated that TaWABI5 binds to an ABRE cis-element in the TaEXPB7-B promoter, and overexpression of TaWABI5 in wheat protoplasts enhanced the expression of endogenous TaEXPB7-B by 7.7-fold, implying that TaWABI5 plays important roles in regulating the expression of TaEXPB7-B. Cytological data obtained from the transient expression of 35S::TaEXPB7-B-eYFP in onion epidermal cells indicated that TaEXPB7-B is cell wall localised. Overexpression of TaEXPB7-B in Arabidopsis promoted a significant increase in plant growth and increased lignin and cellulose contents. Moreover, TaEXPB7-B conferred enhanced antioxidant and osmotic regulation in transgenic Arabidopsis, thereby increasing the tolerance and survival of plants under conditions of low-temperature stress.


Assuntos
Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Temperatura Baixa/efeitos adversos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Estresse Fisiológico , Triticum/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/fisiologia , Alinhamento de Sequência , Triticum/metabolismo
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