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BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 534, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228523


BACKGROUND: Salinity severely inhibit crop growth, yield, and quality worldwide. Allotetraploid rapeseed (Brassica napus L.), a major glycophyte oil crop, is susceptible to salinity. Understanding the physiological and molecular strategies of rapeseed salinity resistance is a promising and cost-effective strategy for developing highly resistant cultivars. RESULTS: First, early leaf senescence was identified and root system growth was inhibited in rapeseed plants under severe salinity conditions. Electron microscopic analysis revealed that 200 mM NaCl induced fewer leaf trichomes and stoma, cell plasmolysis, and chloroplast degradation. Primary and secondary metabolite assays showed that salinity led to an obviously increased anthocyanin, osmoregulatory substances, abscisic acid, jasmonic acid, pectin, cellulose, reactive oxygen species, and antioxidant activity, and resulted in markedly decreased photosynthetic pigments, indoleacetic acid, cytokinin, gibberellin, and lignin. ICP-MS assisted ionomics showed that salinity significantly constrained the absorption of essential elements, including the nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, mangnese, copper, zinc, and boron nutrients, and induced the increase in the sodium/potassium ratio. Genome-wide transcriptomics revealed that the differentially expressed genes were involved mainly in photosynthesis, stimulus response, hormone signal biosynthesis/transduction, and nutrient transport under salinity. CONCLUSIONS: The high-resolution salt-responsive gene expression profiling helped the efficient characterization of central members regulating plant salinity resistance. These findings might enhance integrated comprehensive understanding of the morpho-physiologic and molecular responses to salinity and provide elite genetic resources for the genetic modification of salinity-resistant crop species.

Brassica napus/genética , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Brassica napus/efeitos dos fármacos , Brassica napus/fisiologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Íons/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Estômatos de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Estômatos de Plantas/genética , Estômatos de Plantas/fisiologia , Salinidade , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Tricomas/efeitos dos fármacos , Tricomas/genética , Tricomas/fisiologia