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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 264: 113212, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768643

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (CIR) injury is one of the main diseases leading to death and disability. Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Harms (AS), also known as Panax ginseng, has neuroprotective effects on anti-CIR injury. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of its therapeutic effects is not clear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To systematically study and explore the mechanism of Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Harms extract (ASE) in the treatment of CIR injury based on metabolomics and transcriptomics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pharmacological basis of ASE in the treatment of CIR was evaluated, and samples were used in plasma metabolomics and brain tissue transcriptomics to reveal potential biomarkers. Finally, according to online database, we analyzed biomarkers identified by the two technologies, explained reasons for the therapeutic effect of ASE, and identify therapeutic targets. RESULTS: A total of 53 differential metabolites (DMs) were identified in plasma and 3138 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in brain tissue from three groups of rats, including sham, ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), and ASE groups. Enrichment analysis showed that Nme6, Tk1, and Pold1 that are involved in the production of deoxycytidine and thymine were significantly up-regulated and Dck was significantly down-regulated by the intervention with ASE. These findings indicated that ASE participates in the pyrimidine metabolism by significantly regulating the balance between dCTP and dTTP. In addition, ASE repaired and promoted the lipid metabolism in rats, which might be due to the significant expression of Dgkz, Chat, and Gpcpd1. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that ASE regulates the significant changes in gene expression in metabolites pyrimidine, and lipid metabolism in CIR rats and plays an active role in the treatment of CIR injury through multiple targets and pathways.

2.
Food Funct ; 11(8): 7104-7114, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744543

RESUMO

A water-soluble neutral homopolysaccharide (PLP-1) was obtained from the roots of Pueraria lobata by DEAE cellulose and Sephadex G-200 gel chromatography purification. The average molecular weight of PLP-1 was 16.2 kDa. Monosaccharide composition analysis showed that PLP-1 was composed of glucose as a glucan. The structure of PLP-1 was characterized on the basis of extensive physical and chemical analysis, which indicated that the backbone of PLP-1 was mainly composed of →3)-α-d-Glcp(1→ and →4)-ß-d-Glcp(1→ with a molar ratio of 7.0 : 1.0. Moreover, the hypoglycemic activity of PLP-1 was investigated by palmitic acid and high glucose induced insulin resistant HepG2 cells. The results elucidated that PLP-1 could decrease the glucose concentration by up-regulating the expression of PI3K and AKT, and down-regulating the expression of FoxO1, PCK2, and G6Pase in insulin resistant cells. Therefore, PLP-1 could serve as a dietary supplement to ameliorate insulin resistance for diabetic patients.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 157-162, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237425

RESUMO

This paper was aimed to observe the effect of anemoside B4(hereinafter referred to as B4) on cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury in mice, and to investigate its possible mechanism in renal protection from inflammation and apoptosis aspects. Mice were divided into normal group, model group, dexamethasone positive group and B4 high, middle and low dose groups(5, 2.5, and 1.25 mg·kg~(-1 )doses). All the other mice groups except normal group were given with tail vein injection of cisplatin(15 mg·kg~(-1)) to induce acute kidney injury models. The drug administration was started on the day of modeling, and lasted for 4 days. After 1 hour of the last injection, orbital blood was collected. After the serum was separated, serum urea nitrogen(BUN), creatinine(Cre), total protein(TP), and albumin(ALB) were tested by using an automatic biochemical analyzer; the changes of kidney pathological morphology were observed by PAS staining; the protein expression levels of inflammatory factors including nucleotide binding oligomerization domain-like receptor(NLRP3), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 1(caspase-1), interleukin-18(IL-18), interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α), and interleukin-6(IL-6) and apoptosis factors including p53, caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-3, Bcl-2 associated X protein(Bax), and B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2) were analyzed by Western blot. The results showed that B4 significantly reduced the serum BUN and Cre contents, and alleviated pathological changes in renal tissues, such as the shedding and degeneration of renal tubular epithelial cells, tubulin tubule type. B4 significantly down-regulated the protein expressions of p53, Bax, cleaved-caspase-3 in the kidney and up-regulated the expression of Bcl-2/Bax. In model group, however, no significant up-regulation was observed in the protein expression levels of inflammatory cytokines(NLRP3, pro-caspase-1, IL-18, IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6). The results suggested that B4 had a certain protective effect on cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury, and could activate p53 signaling pathway related apoptotic factors. B4 renal protective effect was mainly related to the regulation of p53 signaling pathway, while NLRP3 inflammasome and related inflammatory factors had no obvious response in this model.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose , Inflamação , Saponinas/uso terapêutico , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Animais , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose , Citocinas , Rim , Camundongos
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(3): 617-622, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237521

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect and mechanism of anemoside B4 on renal ischemia reperfusion injury in rats. A total of 50 rats were randomly divided into the model group(NS) and anemoside B4 low-dose(1.25 mg·kg~(-1)), medium-dose(2.5 mg·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(5 mg·kg~(-1)) groups after the right kidney was removed and the left kidney was ligated to make the ischemia reperfusion model. Another 10 rats were selected as sham operation group only for normal control group(NS, received normal saline). Automatic biochemical analyzer was used to measure serum blood urea nitrogen(BUN), creatinine(Cre), cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) and urinemicroalbumin(mALB) levels after 5 days of tail vein injection treament. Total urine protein and total urinary albu-min were calculated and kidney samples were collected. Histopathological changes of renal tissues were observed by PAS staining. Western blot analysis was performed to detect the protein expressions of TLR4 and NF-κB in renal inflammatory factors related to NLRP3 pathway and TLR4/NF-κB pathway. The results showed that the levels of BUN, Cre, urinary total protein and urinary total albumin in the model group were significantly increased(P<0.01), with severe renal tubule injury was serious, manifested by obvious expansion of renal tubules, more serious tubular proteins, and some tubular epithelial cells were exfoliated. At the same time, the expression of inflammatory factors related to NLRP3 pathway and TLR4/NF-κB pathway increased significantly(P<0.01 or P<0.05). The levels of BUN, Cre were reduced in different doses of anemoside B4(P<0.05). The levels of total urinary protein and total urinary albumin were decreased in the low and high dose groups of anemoside B4.The level of total urinary albumin in the high-dose group of anemoside B4 was significantly reduced(P<0.05).Renal tubular injury was alleviated, tubular epithelial cell exfoliation was reduced, and the expression of related inflammatory factors was reduced in different degrees(P<0.01 or P<0.05). This study showed that anemoside B4 could alleviate renal ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. And its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of inflammatory factors related to response mediated by NLRP3 pathway and TLR4/NF-κB pathway by anemoside B4.


Assuntos
Artéria Renal/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Saponinas/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Rim , Ligadura , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Ratos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
5.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(4): 303-315, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843729

RESUMO

Three new saponins (1-3), a new natural product (4) and six other known compounds (5-10) were isolated from the whole Reineckia carnea plant. Their structures were established by comparison of their NMR spectra and MS data with literature data. In addition, all the isolated compounds were evaluated in vitro for anti-inflammatory activities against LPS-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Compounds 1-4 exhibited anti-inflammatory activities with IC50 values of 37.5 µM, 31.4 µM, 34.6 µM, and 56.1 µM, respectively. Furthermore, compounds 5-10 showed anti-inflammatory activities with IC50 values ranging from 20.3 to 42.9 µM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Saponinas , Lipopolissacarídeos , Macrófagos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico , Extratos Vegetais
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31275420

RESUMO

Anemoside B4 (B4) isolated from Radix Pulsatilla has anti-inflammatory activities in the colon and antitumor effects. However, its role in the prevention and treatment of kidney injury has not been reported. Here, we reported the effects of B4 on chronic kidney injury (CKI) and studied its related mechanism based on an adenine-induced kidney injury model in rats. The results showed that serum BUN (blood urea nitrogen), Crea (creatinine), and urinary proteins increased significantly after oral administration of adenine. Meanwhile, the adenine contents in both renal tissue and urine increased markedly compared with those of normal rats. Moreover, IL-1ß, IL-6, TNFα, and NFκB expression was upregulated in the kidney. Simultaneously, the expression of NLRP3 (the nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain-like receptor, leucine-rich repeat and pyrin domain-containing 3) in the inflammasome, which consists of Caspase 1, ASC (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain), and IL-18, was significantly upregulated. B4 could significantly decrease BUN and Crea; reduce urinary proteins in rats; suppress the expression of IL-6, IL-1ß, NFκB, NLRP3, Caspase 1, ASC, and IL-18; and increase urinary adenine contents and promote its excretion. In addition, B4 also upregulated the expression of podocin and nephrin, two major podocyte proteins, and reduced the fiber collagen in the renal interstitial, suggesting that B4 could protect the glomerular matrix from adenine injury in addition to its anti-inflammatory effects. The results of this study show new perspective of B4 as a potential drug against adenine-induced renal injury.

7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(5): 996-1003, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989861

RESUMO

In this study,in-depth systematic evaluation of rat of acute kidney injury(AKI) caused by renal arteriovenous ligation was conducted to better master and apply this model for drug research. Male SD rats of 2-3 months old were employed in this study.The left kidney was removed,and the right kidney received ligation for 40 min and reperfusion for 24 h. Serum creatinine(Crea),urea nitrogen(BUN) and the renal tissue sections were assayed as the basic indicators to evaluate their renal function. The mRNA expression of inflammatory necrosis factors and apoptotic factors was used to evaluate the mechanism of molecular pathophysiological changes. The results showed that the serum Crea and BUN caused by ligation of both renal arteries and veins were significantly higher than those of rats with renal artery ligation. After renal arteriovenous ligation for 40 min and reperfusion for 24 h in rats,the serum Crea of the rats varied from less than 100 µmol·L-1 to more than 430 µmol·L-1. Among them,5 rats showed less than 100 µmol·L-1 serum Crea,20 rats with 100-200 µmol·L-1 serum Crea and 12 rats with more than 430 µmol·L-1. Rats with serum Crea between 300-430 µmol·L-1 accounted for 66.3%(122/184) of the total number of the experiment rats. After 72 h reperfusion,serum Crea in the group of Crea 370-430 µmol·L-1 continued to increase,while the serum Crea in the group of Crea 200-300 µmol·L-1 and the group of Crea 300-370 µmol·L-1 recovered quickly. No matter serum Crea was elevated or decreased,the renal tubules showed pathological changes such as vacuolar degeneration or even necrosis. The mRNA expression levels of Toll-like receptor(TLR4),tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α) and interleukin(IL-6) in renal tissueswere significantly up-regulated,and the effect was most obvious in the group of serum Crea 370-430 µmol·L-1. The study indicated that the model for AKI caused by renal arteriovenous ligation and reperfusion is easy to operate,and the serum Crea and BUN have the characteristics of continuous increase,beneficial to the observation of drug effects. This acute kidney injury is mainly related to the pathophysiological response of inflammatory necrosis.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Creatinina/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Rim/patologia , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Ligadura , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Artéria Renal
8.
Pharmacol Res ; 142: 102-114, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30794925

RESUMO

Dihydrotanshinone (DHT), one of the major ingredients of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Danshen), displays many bioactivities. However, the activity and underlying mechanism of DHT in anti-inflammation have not yet been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory activity and molecular mechanism of action of DHT both in vitro and in vivo. Our data showed that DHT significantly decreased the release of inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-1ß in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells, THP-1 cells, and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), and altered the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In addition, flow cytometry results indicated that DHT reduced the calcium influx, and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and nitric oxide (NO) generation in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Moreover, DHT suppressed the transcription of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), the expressions of NF-κB proteins, and nuclear translocation of NF-κB/p65, thereby suggesting that the NF-κB pathway played a role in the anti-inflammatory action of DHT. In addition, DHT attenuated LPS-challenged activator protein-1 (AP-1) activity, resulting from interference of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. The molecular docking simulation of DHT to toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) suggested that DHT binds to the active sites of TLR4 to block TLR4 dimerization, which was further corroborated by cellular thermal shift assay and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) experiments. Furthermore, the recruitment of myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88) and the expression of transforming growth factor-b (TGF-b)-activated kinase 1 (p-TAK1) were disturbed by the inhibition of TLR4 dimerization. Thus, investigating the molecular mechanism of DHT indicated that TLR4-MyD88-NF-κB/MAPK signaling cascades were involved in the anti-inflammatory activity of DHT in vitro. In in vivo mouse models, DHT significantly ameliorated LPS-challenged acute kidney injury, inhibited dimethylbenzene-induced mouse ear oedema, and rescued LPS-induced sepsis in mice. Taken together, our results indicated that DHT exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that DHT may be a potential therapeutic agent for inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dimerização , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/uso terapêutico , Células RAW 264.7 , Sepse/induzido quimicamente , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Células THP-1 , Xilenos
9.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 165: 213-223, 2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553111

RESUMO

TongFengTangSan (TFTS), a traditional Tibetan medicine comprising of Tinospora sinensis (TS), Terminalia chebula Retz (TC) and Trogopterori faeces (TF), is used to treat joint diseases like gout, gout arthritis, swelling, pain etc. Despite the significant therapeutic effects of TFTS, its pharmacological components have not been analyzed so far. Therefore, the chemical composition of the effective part of TFTS was analyzed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). The results show that the ethanol extract (EE) of TFTS was more effective in reducing the serum uric acid (SUA) and XOD (Serum and Liver) levels in a hyperuricemic rats model compared to the TFTS raw powder (RP). UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS identified a total of 106 compounds in the positive and negative ion mode, of which 87 were from TC, 13 from TS and 6 from TF. In addition, 106 compounds contained 57 tannins, 6 triterpenoids, 10 alkaloids, 7 flavonoids, 22 organic acids and 4 phenylpropanoids. The preliminary results indicate that the EE of TFTS includes the active anti hyperuricemic substances. The present study first investigated the efficacy and the active components of TFTS in hyperuricemic treatment, and further summarized the diagnostic ion and neutral loss patterns of MS/MS cracking of tannic compounds. These findings lay the foundation for the further study and clinical application of TFTS.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Etanol/química , Masculino , Materia Medica/análise , Materia Medica/química , Materia Medica/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Terminalia/química , Tinospora/química , Ácido Úrico/sangue
10.
Mol Brain ; 12(1): 118, 2019 12 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888678

RESUMO

Chronic corticosterone (CORT) stress is an anxiety and depression inducing factor that involves the dysfunction of glucocorticoid receptor (GR), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neuronal plasticity. However, the regulation of proteomic profiles in neurons suffering CORT stress is remaining elusive. Thus, the proteomic profiles of mouse neuronal C17.2 stem cells were comprehensively investigated by TMT (tandem mass tag)-labeling quantitative proteomics. The quantitative proteomics conjugated gene ontology analysis revealed the inhibitory effect of CORT on the expression of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins, which can be antagonized by berberine (BBR) treatment. In addition, animal studies showed that changes in mitochondria by CORT can affect neuropsychiatric activities and disturb the physiological functions of neurons via disordering mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Thus, the mitochondrial energy metabolism can be considered as one of the major mechanism underlying CORT-mediated depression. Since CORT is important for depression after traumatic stress disorder, our study will shed light on the prevention and treatment of depression as well as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal , Berberina/farmacologia , Depressão/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Fosforilação Oxidativa/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteômica , Animais , Berberina/administração & dosagem , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Corticosterona/administração & dosagem , Depressão/genética , Depressão/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(21): 4182-4191, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30583615

RESUMO

Internal environment of metabolism of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a dynamic process, which is in line with the "holistic-dynamic-comprehensive-analytic" characteristics of metabonomics, therefore metabonomics have a unique advantage to reveal the metabolic pattern of TCM. The application of metabonomics in TCM has great practical significance in understanding the pharmacodynamic/toxic effect material basis, mechanisms and guiding for determination of dosage and treatment course; At the same time, the scientific compatibility of TCM prescription, the germplasm resources of TCM and the preclinical safety/toxicity can be widely researched. At present, metabolomics has become a leading technology in many industries and fields including the research and development of TCM. The core of metabolomics is analytical technology, because comprehensive metabolite profiles or accurate identification of known metabolites can be obtained from complex biological samples only by appropriate analytical techniques. At the same time, a series of bioinformatics/chemical informatics/stoichiometry methods are needed to process the data, so as to obtain the potential law and information in the mass data. In this paper, the concept of metabolomics, relevant analytical techniques, data processing methods and applications were explained and analyzed clearly. In addition, the core problems and countermeasures of metabolomics were summarized, and the future development of metabolomics was prospected as well.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Metabolômica , Pesquisa/tendências , Biologia Computacional , Humanos
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(21): 4330-4338, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30583637

RESUMO

Scopolin (SC-1), scopoletin (SC-2) and isofraxidin (IS-1) are the main active constituents in Chimonanthi Radix. However, the in vivo metabolism of SC-1, SC-2 and IS-1 have not been comprehensively clarified. In this study, the in vivo metabolic profiles of these three coumarins in the rat plasma, urine and feces were analyzed. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) method was applied to characterize the prototypes and metabolites of SC-1, SC-2 and IS-1 in rat feces, urine, and plasma after intravenous administration. A total of 11 metabolites of the three parent compounds were tentatively identified. The main metabolic pathways were analyzed by identification of metabolites, and it was found that these three coumarins underwent multiple in vivo metabolic reactions including glucuronidation, sulfonation, isomerism and reduction. In this study, the analysis of metabolites of three coumarins basically demonstrated their in vivo metabolic process, providing basis for the further pharmacokinetics and pharmacological evaluations of SC-1, SC-2 and IS-1.


Assuntos
Calycanthaceae/química , Cumarínicos/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cumarínicos/farmacocinética , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 154: 236-244, 2018 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29558724

RESUMO

The Chimonanthus nitens Oliv. leaf (CNOL). is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) used for treating colds and influenza. In the present study, a comprehensive strategy integrating multiple chromatographic analysis and chemometric methods was firstly proposed for structural characterization and discrimination of CNOL from different geographical origins. It consists of three steps: Firstly, the ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) method was applied for comprehensive profiling of characterization constituents in CNOL by high-resolution diagnostic product ions/neutral loss filtering, and a total of 40 constituents were identified. Secondly, chemical fingerprints were established by HPLC coupled with photodiode array detector (PDA), and similarity analyses were calculated based on nineteen common characteristic peaks. Subsequently, the nine major constituents, including coumarins, flavonoids, and phenolic acids were quantified, and the quantitative data further analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Thirdly, a hot map visualization was conducted for clarifying the distribution of major compounds among different geographical origins. Also, nine constituents detected could be used as chemical markers for discrimination of CNOL from different provinces. Collectively, these results indicated that our proposed platform was a powerful tool for chemical profiling and discrimination of herbs with multiple botanical origins, providing promising perspectives in tracking the formulation process of TCMs products.


Assuntos
Calycanthaceae/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Cumarínicos/química , Análise Discriminante , Flavonoides/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Análise de Componente Principal/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
14.
Molecules ; 23(3)2018 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29495641

RESUMO

Ziyuglycoside I (ZGS1) is a promising drug candidate for the treatment of leucopenia. Currently, information on ZGS1 and its in vivo metabolite ziyuglycoside II (ZGS2) is limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and excretion of ziyuglycoside I (ZGS1) and its metabolite ziyuglycoside II (ZGS2) in rats. In our study, a simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method was established for simultaneous determination of ZGS1 and its metabolite for Sprague-Dawley rat pharmacokinetics studies. The method was validated following internationally-approved guidelines. The results presented in this study indicated that subcutaneous administration of ZGS1 prolonged its extension time and increased the area under the curve (AUC0-t) of ZGS2 during 0 to t minutes. In summary, in this study, the pharmacokinetic characteristics of ZGS1 and its metabolite ZGS2 were defined and its tissue distribution, and excretion in rats were described. Our finding may be beneficial for leucopenia drug that focus on ZGS1.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Saponinas/farmacocinética , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Estrutura Molecular , Ratos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Análise Espectral , Distribuição Tecidual
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(21): 4165-4171, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29271156

RESUMO

A rapid and accurate method of UFLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS combined with multivariate statistical analysis was established for the identification of Ainsliaea fragrans from different origins in this study. The A. fragrans from different producing areas of Jiangxi, Yunnan, Henan and Jiangsu were determined by UFLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS in the negative ion mode. And the data of the study were analyzed by the Markerview and other software for the PCA and OPLS-DA cluster analysis as well as t test. The results of the principal component analysis(PCA)showed that the main components from different origins were well distinguished. And the results of multivariate statistical showed the differences and similarities between different producing areas. Besides, 40 different compounds were identified in the negative ion mode. This method for identifying A. fragrans from different producing areas has the advantages of rapid accuracy and simplicity, which laid the foundation for the evaluation of the quality of the A. fragrans.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Análise de Componente Principal , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
16.
BMC Pulm Med ; 16: 8, 2016 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26758377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As-needed formoterol can effectively relieve asthma symptoms. Since budesonide/formoterol is available as maintenance and reliever therapy in Asia, formoterol is now being used as-needed, but always with concomitant inhaled corticosteroids. The objective of this analysis was to assess the safety and efficacy of formoterol therapy in patients in East Asia (China, Indonesia, Korea, the Philippines and Singapore) with asthma. METHODS: Post-hoc analyses of data from the East Asian population of the RELIEF (REal LIfe EFfectiveness of Oxis® Turbuhaler® as-needed in asthmatic patients; study identification code: SD-037-0699) study were performed. RESULTS: This sub-group comprised 2834 randomised patients (formoterol n = 1418; salbutamol n = 1416) with mean age 35 years; 50.7% were male. 2678 patients completed the study. There was no significant difference in the total number of adverse events (AEs) reported in the formoterol and salbutamol groups (21.3% vs 20.9% of patients; p = 0.813), nor in the total number of serious AEs and/or discontinuations due to AEs (4.6% vs 5.5%, respectively; p = 0.323). Compared with salbutamol, formoterol was associated with a significantly longer time to first exacerbation (hazard ratio 0.86; p = 0.023) and a 14% reduction in the risk of any exacerbation (p < 0.05). Relative to salbutamol, mean adjusted reliever medication use throughout the study was significantly lower in the formoterol group (p = 0.017) and the risk of increased asthma medication use was 20% lower with formoterol (p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with asthma in East Asia, as-needed formoterol and salbutamol had similar safety profiles but, compared with salbutamol, formoterol reduced the risk of exacerbations, increased the time to first exacerbation and reduced the need for reliever medication.


Assuntos
Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/uso terapêutico , Albuterol/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Fumarato de Formoterol/uso terapêutico , Administração por Inalação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Filipinas , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia , Singapura , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(13): 2543-2548, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28905583

RESUMO

To study the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution characteristics of α-hederin sodium salt in rats. 100 mg•kg⁻¹ α-hederin sodium salt was given to the rats by intragastric administration, and LC-MS/MS method was used to determine its concentration at different time in plasma and tissues. Plasma and tissue samples were treated with methanol protein deposition method. Main pharmacokinetic parameters were as follows: tmax (0.97±1.23) h, Cmax (222.53±57.28) µg•L⁻¹, AUC0-t (1 262±788.9) h•µg•L⁻¹, T1/2 (17.94±9.50) h. α-hederin can be detected in heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, brain, muscle and adipose. The results showed that α-hederin sodium salt was absorbed fast and eliminated slowly in rats after oral administration. It was widely distributed in body tissues and livers kept the highest concentrations among various tissues at different time, so it can be speculated that α-hederin may have certain targeting property on livers.


Assuntos
Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Saponinas/farmacocinética , Administração Oral , Animais , Fígado/metabolismo , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacocinética , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Distribuição Tecidual
18.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 51(9): 1445-50, 2016 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29924538

RESUMO

This study was performed to use UHPLC-QTOF/MSE technology to rapidly search and identify variations of chemical ingredients between Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis and its processed products. The present study provides a basis for the study of Chinese herbal medicine processing with a focus on the impact of processing on chemical components. Using a time-dependent data scan mode (MSE) couple with metabolomics technology, we acquired accurate data and identified the potential chemical markers. A total of 12 chemical markers were identified in the crude, vinegar-processed and wine-processed Schisandra chinensis fruit; The results showed that the levels of 6-O-benzoylgomisin O, schisantherin B, schisantherin C, schisantherin D and neokadsuranic acid are the highest in crude Schisandra chinensis fruit; thelevels of schizandrin A, schizandrin B, schizandrin C, gomisin D and gomisin T are the highest in wine-processed Schisandra chinensis fruit; the levels of schisantherin A and schisandrin are the highest in vinegar-processed Schisandra chinensis fruit. There were significant changes of chemical components between Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis and their processed products, and these findings may offer a reasonable explanation for variation of efficacy and clinical applications in the processed products of Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Frutas/química , Schisandra/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ciclo-Octanos , Dioxóis , Lignanas , Metabolômica , Compostos Policíclicos
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