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1.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 16(1): 95-101, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36659945

RESUMO

AIM: To identify risk factors of recurrence of this disorder after intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) monotherapy. METHODS: Totally 33 eyes of 19 patients who underwent initial IVR treatments for type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at our center were retrospectively reviewed between April 1, 2016 and December 31, 2017. Patient demographics, the side of ROP, multiple gestations, Apgar scores, zone, stage, plus disease, postmenstrual age at injection, surfactant therapy, blood transfusion therapy, hemorrhage before IVR, hemorrhage after IVR, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-induced hypertension, anemia, intraventricular hemorrhage, sepsis, respiratory distress syndrome, carbohemia, and congenital heart defects were recorded. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals were determined after adjusting for potential confounders using multivariate proportional Cox regression. RESULTS: Of the 33 eyes, 12 (36.4%) had ROP recurrences 45.3 (5.1, 50.9)mo after initial IVR treatments. The independent risk factors for ROP recurrences were zone (II vs I, HR: 0.056, P=0.003) and gestational diabetes mellitus (no vs yes, HR: 0.095, P<0.001). The mean uncorrected visual acuity for four recurrence eyes was 0.46 logMAR (0.13, 0.70) at 55.0 (51.0, 58.9) mo after the initial IVR treatment. The mean uncorrected visual acuity for 10 eyes without recurrence was 0.46 logMAR (0.19, 0.63) at 48.0 (43.8, 58.4) mo after the initial IVR treatment. CONCLUSION: Two independent risk factors for type 1 ROP recurrence after IVR treatment involving zone I and gestational diabetes mellitus are identified, and the mean uncorrected visual acuity is 0.46 logMAR at 51.0 (44.0, 58.9)mo. The findings of this study are important for follow-up management and for improving the visual function of ROP patients.

2.
Brief Bioinform ; 24(1)2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642408

RESUMO

Current machine learning-based methods have achieved inspiring predictions in the scenarios of mono-type and multi-type drug-drug interactions (DDIs), but they all ignore enhancive and depressive pharmacological changes triggered by DDIs. In addition, these pharmacological changes are asymmetric since the roles of two drugs in an interaction are different. More importantly, these pharmacological changes imply significant topological patterns among DDIs. To address the above issues, we first leverage Balance theory and Status theory in social networks to reveal the topological patterns among directed pharmacological DDIs, which are modeled as a signed and directed network. Then, we design a novel graph representation learning model named SGRL-DDI (social theory-enhanced graph representation learning for DDI) to realize the multitask prediction of DDIs. SGRL-DDI model can capture the task-joint information by integrating relation graph convolutional networks with Balance and Status patterns. Moreover, we utilize task-specific deep neural networks to perform two tasks, including the prediction of enhancive/depressive DDIs and the prediction of directed DDIs. Based on DDI entries collected from DrugBank, the superiority of our model is demonstrated by the comparison with other state-of-the-art methods. Furthermore, the ablation study verifies that Balance and Status patterns help characterize directed pharmacological DDIs, and that the joint of two tasks provides better DDI representations than individual tasks. Last, we demonstrate the practical effectiveness of our model by a version-dependent test, where 88.47 and 81.38% DDI out of newly added entries provided by the latest release of DrugBank are validated in two predicting tasks respectively.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Interações Medicamentosas
3.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695967

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Investigate the impact of various halogens on pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, and micro positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging of Glu-urea-Lys-based prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) inhibitors. PROCEDURES: Based on the modification of SC691, a small molecule inhibitor of PSMA previously developed by our group, we synthesized 68Ga-labeled compounds by modifying the lysine terminal amino with different halogenated phenyl substituents. After complete characterization, in vitro and in vivo properties were studied. RESULTS: The [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SC691-R possesses a high radiochemical yield (98-99%). The internalization values of [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SC691-H, [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SC691-Cl, and [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SC691-Br in LNCaP cells all displayed time-dependent pattern enhanced with time. The results of in vitro competitive inhibition assay showed that the affinity of natGa-DOTA-SC691-R for PSMA had a trend of H < F < Cl < Br < I. The blocking imaging and dynamic imaging on micro-PET/CT of male non-obese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency mice with LNCaP tumors showed the rapid tumor targeting properties of [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SC691-R with specificity for PSMA. Static imaging of micro-PEC/CT of these compounds could rapidly localize LNCaP tumors with decent image quality (except for [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SC691-H). Biodistribution data showed that [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SC691-R were metabolized via the kidney and tumor accumulation followed the order of H ≈ F ≈ Cl < I < Br uptake values at 1 h. [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SC691-Br showed the highest tumor accumulation and retention (15.21 ± 5.57%ID/g at 30 min, 20.39 ± 4.38%ID/g at 60 min, and 13.30 ± 4.39%ID/g at 120 min), which is consistent with the results of the competitive inhibition assay and cell binding assay. CONCLUSIONS: It was demonstrated that the halogen substituent on the lysine terminal amino group on the Glu-urea-Lys backbone did positively affect the binding of [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SC691-R to PSMA. The bulkier and less electronegative Br (or I) elements are preferred for structural modifications here.

4.
Mol Pharm ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696174

RESUMO

Since prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is upregulated in nearly all stages of prostate cancer (PCa), PSMA can be considered a viable diagnostic biomarker and treatment target in PCa. In this study, we have developed five 68Ga-labeled PSMA-targeted tracers, 68Ga-Flu-1, 68Ga-Flu-2, 68Ga-9-Ant, 68Ga-1-Nal, and 68Ga-1-Noi, to investigate the effect of lipophilic bulky groups on the pharmacokinetics of PSMA inhibitors compared to 68Ga-PSMA-11 and then explore their in vitro and in vivo properties. 68Ga-labeled PSMA inhibitors were obtained in 88.53-99.98% radiochemical purity and at the highest specific activity of up to 20 MBq/µg. These compounds revealed a highly efficient uptake and internalization into LNCaP cells and increased over time. PET imaging and biodistribution studies were performed in mice bearing PSMA expressing LNCaP prostate cancer xenografts. All tracers enabled clear visualization of tumors in PET images with excellent tumor-to-background contrast. The biodistribution studies showed that all these radioligands were excreted mainly via the renal pathway. The in vivo biodistribution of 68Ga-Flu-1 revealed higher tumor uptake (40.11 ± 9.24 %ID/g at 2 h p.i.) compared to 68Ga-PSMA-11 (28.10 ± 5.96 %ID/g at 2 h p.i.). Both in vitro and in vivo experiments showed that chemical modification of the lysine fragment significantly impacts tumor-targeting and pharmacokinetic properties. Great potential to serve as new PET tracers for prostate cancer has been revealed with these radiotracers─68Ga-Flu-1 in particular.

5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 120(5): e2215575120, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696445

RESUMO

Chloroplast division involves the coordination of protein complexes from the stroma to the cytosol. The Min system of chloroplasts includes multiple stromal proteins that regulate the positioning of the division site. The outer envelope protein PLASTID DIVISION1 (PDV1) was previously reported to recruit the cytosolic chloroplast division protein ACCUMULATION AND REPLICATION OF CHLOROPLAST5 (ARC5). However, we show here that PDV1 is also important for the stability of the inner envelope chloroplast division protein PARALOG OF ARC6 (PARC6), a component of the Min system. We solved the structure of both the C-terminal domain of PARC6 and its complex with the C terminus of PDV1. The formation of an intramolecular disulfide bond within PARC6 under oxidized conditions prevents its interaction with PDV1. Interestingly, this disulfide bond can be reduced by light in planta, thus promoting PDV1-PARC6 interaction and chloroplast division. Interaction with PDV1 can induce the dimerization of PARC6, which is important for chloroplast division. Magnesium ions, whose concentration in chloroplasts increases upon light exposure, also promote the PARC6 dimerization. This study highlights the multilayer regulation of the PDV1-PARC6 interaction as well as chloroplast division.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Plastídeos/metabolismo , Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Dissulfetos/metabolismo , Dinaminas/metabolismo
6.
Theor Appl Genet ; 136(1): 1-12, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662254

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: We identified four hub genes for isoflavone biosynthesis based on BSA-seq and WGCNA methods and validated that GmIE3-1 positively contribute to isoflavone accumulation in soybean. Soybean isoflavones are secondary metabolites of great interest owing to their beneficial impact on human health. Herein, we profiled the seed isoflavone content by HPLC in 1551 soybean accessions grown in two locations for two years and constructed two extreme pools with high (4065.1 µg g-1) and low (1427.23 µg g-1) isoflavone contents to identify candidate genes involved in isoflavone biosynthesis pathways using bulk segregant analysis sequencing (BSA-seq) approach. The results showed that the average sequencing depths were 50.3× and 65.7× in high and low pools, respectively. A total of 23,626 polymorphic SNPs and 5299 InDels were detected between both pools and 1492 genes with different variations were identified. Based on differential genes in BSA-seq and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), four hub genes, Glyma.06G290400 (designated as GmIE3-1), Glyma.01G239200, Glyma.01G241500, Glyma.13G256100 were identified, encoding E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase, arm repeat protein interacting with ABF2, zinc metallopeptidase EGY3, and dynamin-related protein 3A, respectively. The allelic variation in GmIE3-1 showed a significant influence on isoflavone accumulation. The virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) and RNAi hairy root transformation of GmIE3-1 revealed partial suppression of this gene could cause a significant decrease (P < 0.0001) of total isoflavone content, suggesting GmIE3-1 is a positive regulator for isoflavones. The present study demonstrated that the BSA-seq approach combined with WGCNA, VIGS and hairy root transformation can efficiently identify isoflavone candidate genes in soybean natural population.


Assuntos
Isoflavonas , Humanos , Soja/genética , Soja/metabolismo , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Genes de Plantas , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
7.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther ; 78: 102185, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563740

RESUMO

Allergic asthma is a heterogeneous disease involving a variety of inflammatory cells. Immune imbalance or changes in the immune microenvironment are the essential causes that promote inflammation in allergic asthma. Tetraspanin CD81 can be used as a platform for receptor clustering and signal transmission owing to its special transmembrane structure and is known to participate in the physiological processes of cell proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, and migration. Previous studies have shown that CD81-targeting peptidomimetics exhibit anti-allergic lung inflammation. However, due to the low metabolic stability of peptide drugs, their druggability is limited. Here, we aimed to generate a metabolically stable anti-CD81 peptide, evaluate its anti-inflammatory action and establish its mechanism of action. Based on previous reports, we applied retro-inverse peptide modification to obtain a new compound, PD00 (NH2-D-Gly-D-Ser-D-Thr-D-Tyr-D-Thr-D-Gln-D-Gly-COOH), with high metabolic stability. Enhanced ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to investigate the in vitro and in vivo metabolic stabilities of PD00. The affinities of PD00 and CD81 were studied using molecular docking and surface plasmon resonance techniques. An ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma model was used to evaluate the effects of PD00 in vivo. Mice were treated with different concentrations of PD00 (175 and 350 µg/kg) for 10 days. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to acetyl-ß-methacholine (Mch), inflammatory cell counts in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and serum OVA-specific IgE levels were detected in the mice at the end of the experiment. Lung tissues were collected for haematoxylin and eosin staining, untargeted metabolomic analysis, and single-cell transcriptome sequencing. PD00 has a high affinity for CD81; therefore, administration of PD00 markedly ameliorated AHR and airway inflammation in mice after OVA sensitisation and exposure. Serum OVA-specific IgE levels decreased considerably. In addition, PD00 treatment increased glycerophospholipid and purine metabolism in immune cells. Collectively, PD00 may regulate the glycerophospholipid and purine metabolism pathways to ameliorate the pathophysiological features of asthma. These findings suggest that PD00 is a potential compound for the treatment of asthma.


Assuntos
Asma , Animais , Camundongos , Ovalbumina , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Pulmão , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Cloreto de Metacolina/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoglobulina E , Purinas/metabolismo , Purinas/farmacologia , Purinas/uso terapêutico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Citocinas/metabolismo
8.
Environ Res ; 219: 115121, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549485

RESUMO

In order to solve the dust problem caused by sandstorms, this paper aims to propose a new method of enriching urease-producing microbial communities in seawater in a non-sterile environment. Besides, the difference of dust suppression performance of enriched microorganisms under different pH conditions was also explored to adapt the dust. The Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed the formation of CaCO3. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) further showed that the crystal forms of CaCO3 were calcite and vaterite. When urease activity was equivalent, the alkaline environment was conducive to the transformation of CaCO3 to more stable calcite. The mineralization rate at pH = 10 reached the maximum value on the 7th day, which was 97.49 ± 1.73%. Moreover, microbial community analysis results showed that the relative abundance of microbial community structure was different under different pH enrichment. Besides, the relative abundance of Sporosarcina, a representative genus of urease-producing microbial community, increased with the increase of pH under culture conditions, which consistent with the mineralization performance results. In addition, the genus level species network diagram also showed that in the microbial community, Sporosarcina was negatively correlated with another urease-producing genus Bacillus, and had a reciprocal relationship with Atopostipes, which means that the urease-producing microbial community was structurally stable. The enrichment of urease-producing microbial communities in seawater will provide empirical support for the large-scale engineering application of MICP technology in preventing and controlling sandstorms in deserts.


Assuntos
Sporosarcina , Urease , Carbonato de Cálcio/química , Difração de Raios X , Água do Mar
9.
J Tissue Viability ; 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcers are associated with decreased quality of life in patients with diabetes and impose a heavy burden on patients, their families, and the health care system. For health providers, a deeper understanding of the perceptions of patients is significant. They can provide better management and direction to patients with diabetic foot ulcers, thus improving their quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the findings of qualitative studies to explore the perceptions of individuals living with diabetic foot ulcers. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative studies. METHODS: Published qualitative research articles were identified in PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, ISI Web of Science, Ovid, and Scopus from inception to January 2022, and bibliographical reports were reviewed. In addition, combing with the search for unpublished studies in the Google Scholar ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Database, we conducted a meta-synthesis. RESULTS: Fourteen articles were eligible for inclusion, and the total number of included individuals was 226, with ages ranging from 28 to 84 years. The perceptions of individuals with diabetic foot ulcers synthesized four overarching themes and their subthemes: perceptions of diabetic foot ulcers (Realization, Reasons), living with diabetic foot ulcers (Change in life, Physical burdens, Emotional burdens, Economic burdens), coping with diabetic foot ulcers (Hospital attendance, Attitude toward amputation, Treatment, Management), and expectations (Expectation of health-personnel, Future expectation). CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with diabetic foot ulcers suffer greatly in their physical, psychological, and social aspects. Comprehensive and individualized patient-centered care and appropriate families and social support for patients with diabetic foot ulcers should be provided.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160596, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464054

RESUMO

Aging is related to a progressive decline in physiological functions and is affected by environmental factors. Metal exposures are linked with many health effects, but have poorly understood associations with aging. In this study, a total of 33,916 participants from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort were included to establish biological age (BA) predictors by using recent advanced algorithms, Klemera and Doubal method (KDM) and Mahalanobis distance. Two biological aging indexes (BAIs), recorded as KDM-accel [the residual from regressing KDM-BA on chronological age] and physiological dysregulation (PD), were separately defined and tested on their associations with mortality by using Cox proportional hazard models. Among 3320 subjects with laboratory determinations of 23 metals in plasma, the individual and overall associations between these metals and BAIs were evaluated by using multiple-linear regression and weighted quantile sum (WQS) models. Both BAIs were prospectively associated with all-cause mortality among the whole participants [KDM-accel: HR(95%CI) = 1.23(1.18, 1.29); PD: HR(95%CI) = 1.37(1.31, 1.42)]. Each 1-unit increment in ln-transformed strontium and molybdenum were cross-sectionally associated with a separate 0.71- and 0.34-year increase in KDM-accel, and each 1 % increment in copper, rubidium, strontium, cobalt was cross-sectionally associated with a separate 0.10 %, 0.10 %, 0.09 %, 0.02 % increase in PD (all FDR < 0.05). The WQS models observed mixture effects of multi-metals on aging, with a 0.20-year increase in KDM-accel and a 0.04 % increase in PD for each quartile increase in ln-transformed concentrations of all metals [KDM-accel: ß(95%CI) = 0.20(0.08, 0.32); PD: ß(95%CI) = 0.04(0.02, 0.06)]. Our findings revealed that plasma strontium, molybdenum, copper, rubidium and cobalt were associated with accelerated aging. Multi-metals exposure showed mixture effects on the aging process, which highlights potential preventative interventions.

11.
Nucl Med Commun ; 2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36472415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) is the most frequently used diagnostical radiotracer for PET/computed tomography (PET/CT) in ovarian malignancies. However, 18F-FDG has some limitations. The fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI) previously demonstrated highly promising results in studies on various tumor entities and 68Ga-labeled FAPI presents a promising alternative to 18F-FDG. This study aimed to compare the performance of 68Ga-FAPI and 18F-FDG PET/CT for imaging of ovarian malignancies. METHODS: A total of 27 patients were included in this retrospective study conducted at the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University between June 2020 and February 2022. The 18F-FDG and 68Ga-FAPI uptakes of tumors, lymph nodes, and distant metastases were quantified using the maximum standardized uptake values, and the tumor-to-background ratios were also evaluated and calculated by using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients with suspected (n = 11) and previously treated ovarian malignancies (n = 10) were in statistical analysis finally. For detecting tumors, 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT was more sensitive than 18F-FDG PET/CT [14 of 14 (100%) vs. 11 of 14 (78%)], lymph node metastases [75 of 75 (100%) vs. 60 of 75 (80%)] and superior to 18F-FDG PET/CT in terms of the peritoneal and pleural metastases [9 of 9 (100%) vs. 5 of 9 (56%)]. For four of the newly diagnosed patients (n = 11), 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT upstaged the clinical stage compared to 18F-FDG PET/CT. CONCLUSION: 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT has superior potential in the detection of ovarian cancers, especially in peritoneal carcinomatosis. 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT may be a promising supplement for staging and follow-up of ovarian malignancies.

12.
Nucl Med Biol ; 116-117: 108311, 2022 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36580767

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: As one of the most important and frequently used molecular imaging techniques in the clinic, positron emission tomography (PET) features high sensitivity and specificity, which generally involves the use of PET contrast agents. Despite the exceptional promise, the availability of novel PET agents could limit its application and there is a clear need to develop new PET agents to improve our understanding of targets of interest and increase the diagnostic specificity. METHODS: Based on the fact that amino acid transport and protein anabolism are increased in tumor tissues, a series of 18F-labeled amino acid analog was labeled with 18F by using [18F]fluoro-4-(vinylsulfonyl)benzene as the radionuclide linker. The obtained probes were subjected to in vitro and in vivo evaluation, including stability, cell line transport channel specificity, PET/CT imaging on tumor and inflammation bearing mice, and biodistribution. RESULTS: Our data shows that [18F]2a had moderate decay corrected labeling yield (>42 %) and high radiochemical purity (>99 %). When tested in vivo, the uptake of [18F]2a was 1.5 ± 0.2%ID/g in NCI-H1975 tumors and 1.1 ± 0.2%ID/g in inflammatory tissues. In contrast, the values for [18F]FDG were 5.7 ± 0.2%ID/g and 4.8 ± 0.1%ID/g, respectively. The inflammatory lesion-to-muscle contrast is 2.4 for [18F]2a, which is 3.0 for [18F]FDG. CONCLUSION: Clearly, [18F]2a hold the great potential for cancer imaging. Its application in distinguishing tumor from inflammatory lesion would still need to be investigated further.

13.
Cells ; 11(23)2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36496995

RESUMO

The global epidemic of obesity is tightly associated with numerous comorbidities, such as type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and the metabolic syndrome. Among the key features of obesity, some studies have suggested the abnormal expansion of adipose-tissue-induced local endogenous hypoxic, while other studies indicated endogenous hyperoxia as the opposite trend. Endogenous hypoxic aggravates dysfunction in adipose tissue and stimulates secretion of inflammatory molecules, which contribute to obesity. In contrast, hypoxic exposure combined with training effectively generate exogenous hypoxic to reduce body weight and downregulate metabolic risks. The (patho)physiological effects in adipose tissue are distinct from those of endogenous hypoxic. We critically assess the latest advances on the molecular mediators of endogenous hypoxic that regulate the dysfunction in adipose tissue. Subsequently we propose potential therapeutic targets in adipose tissues and the small molecules that may reverse the detrimental effect of local endogenous hypoxic. More importantly, we discuss alterations of metabolic pathways in adipose tissue and the metabolic benefits brought by hypoxic exercise. In terms of therapeutic intervention, numerous approaches have been developed to treat obesity, nevertheless durability and safety remain the major concern. Thus, a combination of the therapies that suppress endogenous hypoxic with exercise plans that augment exogenous hypoxic may accelerate the development of more effective and durable medications to treat obesity and comorbidities.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hiperóxia , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Hiperóxia/complicações
14.
Hum Pathol ; 2022 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549601

RESUMO

Uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a deadly disease with high rates of recurrence and a poor prognosis. Its tumorigenesis remains largely unknown, and no specific biomarkers can be used for the differential diagnosis of LMS from other mimics. Recent whole-genome studies revealed a loss of dystrophin is common in LMS, especially in uterine LMS. To investigate the expression pattern of dystrophin expression across different types of uterine smooth muscle tumors, immunohistochemistry was performed, including usual-type leiomyoma, fumarate hydratase-deficient leiomyoma, leiomyoma with bizarre nuclei, conventional LMS, and normal myometrium for this study. To further evaluate the genomic change in dystrophin gene region, whole-genome sequencing in 10 LMS cases were analyzed. Dystrophin expression was detected in 94% (45/48) of myometrium, 97% (34/35) of usual-type leiomyoma, 84% (26/31) of fumarate hydratase-deficient leiomyoma, 60% (12/20) of leiomyoma with bizarre nuclei, and 18% (6/34) of LMS. Loss of dystrophin expression was significantly different between benign and malignant tumors (LMS cases counted as malignant only) (p < 0.01). Of note, copy number loss in the dystrophin genomic region was found in all 10 cases of LMS. Additionally, patients with dystrophin-positive LMS tend to have a better overall survival than patients with dystrophin-negative LMS.

15.
J Infect Dis ; 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36520652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether pediatric rotavirus infection is associated with extra-intestinal complications remains unknown. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study to investigate the incidences and risks of rotavirus-associated extra-intestinal complications in hospitalized newborns, infants and children younger than 5 years. RESULTS: A total of 1,325 young inpatients with rotavirus infection (754 male and 539 newborns) and 1,840 controls without rotavirus infection (1,035 male and 836 newborns) were included. The incidences of neurological disease were higher among rotavirus individuals compared with controls: newborns, 7.24% (39/539) vs 2.87% (24/836), p < 0.001; infants and young children, 19.59% (154/786) vs 12.35% (124/1,004), p < 0.001. The associated odd ratios (ORs; 95%CI) for neurological disease frequency following rotavirus infection was 2.64 (1.57-4.44) for newborns; and 1.73 (1.34-2.24) for infants and young children, which climbed to 2.56 (1.57-4.18) in Case-Control (1:1) Matching analysis and 1.85 (1.41-2.42) in confounder adjustment. Moreover, rotavirus infection was associated with other extra-intestinal complications, depending on study population and disease severity. Outcome analysis revealed that rotavirus infection and subsequent consequences had a significant impact on hospitalization and discharge in clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS: Rotavirus exposure was associated with a spectrum of extra-intestinal complications, particularly neurological disease. Rotavirus infection and subsequent consequences resulted in poor clinical outcomes.

16.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(23)2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36500763

RESUMO

Solid-film electrets and cellular electrets are defined as promising insulating dielectric materials containing permanent electrostatic and polarizations. High-performance charging methods are critical for electret transducers. Unlike dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) charging, the soft X-ray charging method, with its strong penetration ability, has been widely used in electrets after packaging and has even been embedded in high-aspect-ratio structures (HARSs). However, the related charging model and the charging effect of the soft X-ray irradiation remain unclear. In this study, the charge carrier migration theory and the one-dimensional electrostatic model were employed to build the soft X-ray charging models. The influence of soft X-ray irradiation under deferent poling voltages was investigated theoretically and experimentally. The conducted space charge measurement based on a pulsed electro-acoustic (PEA) system with a soft X-ray generator revealed that soft X-ray charging can offer higher surface charge densities and piezoelectricity to cellular electrets under the critical poling voltage lower than twice the breakdown voltage.

17.
Curr Drug Targets ; 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336804

RESUMO

Metformin is a widely used drug in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin inhibits hepatic gluconeogenesis and increases glucose utilization in peripheral tissues. In recent years, several studies have shown that metformin is a potential therapeutic agent against cancer, alone or combined with other anticancer treatments. Metformin mainly activates the AMPK complex and regulates intracellular energy status, inhibiting the mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I and reducing the production of reactive oxygen species. Other anticancer targets of metformin are specific transcription factors inhibiting cell proliferation, promoting apoptosis and reducing drug resistance. In addition, metformin modulates tumor cells response to anticancer treatments, favoring the activity of T cells. In diabetic patients, metformin reduces the occurrence of cancer and improves the prognosis and efficacy of anticancer treatments. In this review, we provided a comprehensive perspective of metformin as an anticancer drug.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403578

RESUMO

The prevalence of sarcopenia and its clinical predictors and clinical impact vary among kidney transplant recipients (KTRs), in part because of different diagnostic criteria. This study aimed to assess the reported diagnosis criteria of sarcopenia and compare them in terms of prevalence, clinical predictors, and impact of sarcopenia. The Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for the full-length reports published until 28 January 2022. The subgroup analysis, meta-regression, and sensitivity analysis were performed and heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 . A total of 681 studies were retrieved, among which only 23 studies (including 2535 subjects, 59.7% men, mean age 49.8 years) were eventually included in the final analysis. The pooled prevalence in these included studies was 26% [95% confidence interval (95% CI): 20-34%, I2  = 93.45%], including 22% (95% CI: 14-32%, I2  = 88.76%) in men and 27% (95% CI: 14-41%, I2  = 90.56%) in women (P = 0.554 between subgroups). The prevalence of sarcopenia diagnosed using low muscle mass was 34% (95% CI: 21-48%, I2  = 95.28%), and the prevalence of using low muscle mass in combination with low muscle strength and/or low physical performance was 21% (95% CI: 15-28%, I2  = 90.37%) (P = 0.08 between subgroups). In meta-regression analyses, the mean age (regression coefficient: 1.001, 95% CI: 0.991-1.011) and percentage male (regression coefficient: 0.846, 95% CI: 0.367-1.950) could not predict the effect size. Lower body mass index (odds ratio (OR): 0.57, 95% CI: 0.39-0.84, I2  = 61.5%), female sex (OR: 0.31, 95% CI: 0.16-0.61, I2  = 0.0%), and higher age (OR: 1.08, 95% CI: 1.05-1.10, I2  = 10.1%) were significantly associated with a higher risk for sarcopenia in KTRs, but phase angle (OR: 0.81, 95% CI: 0.16-4.26, I2  = 84.5%) was not associated with sarcopenia in KTRs. Sarcopenia was not associated with rejections (risk ratio (RR): 0.67, 95% CI: 0.23-1.92, I2  = 12.1%), infections (RR: 1.03, 95% CI: 0.34-3.12, I2  = 87.4%), delayed graft functions (RR: 0.81, 95% CI: 0.46-1.43, I2  = 0.0%), and death (RR: 0.95, 95% CI: 0.32-2.82, I2  = 0.0%) in KRTs. Sarcopenia was found to be very common in KRTs. However, we have not found that sarcopenia had a negative impact on clinical health after kidney transplantation. Large study cohorts and multicentre longitudinal studies in the future are urgently needed to explore the prevalence and prognosis of sarcopenia in kidney transplant patients.

19.
J Med Virol ; : e28290, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367083

RESUMO

The geographic range of Zika virus (ZIKV) has expanded from Asia to the Americas, leading to the 2015-2016 pandemic with enhanced neurovirulence. At present, ZIKV is continuously circulating in many Southeast Asian countries. Unfortunately, the persistent evolution of ZIKV in Southeast Asia and its influence on the biological characteristics of the virus remain incompletely understood. In this study, the in vitro and in vivo properties of a new ZIKV isolate obtained from Cambodia in 2019 (CAM/2019) were characterized and compared with those of the Cambodian strain (CAM/2010). Compared with CAM/2010, the CAM/2019 virus showed similar plaque morphology and growth curves in cell cultures and induced comparable viremia and organ viral loads profiles in both BALB/c and A129 (IFNAR1-/- ) mice upon intraperitoneal (i.p.) inoculation. Remarkably, the CAM/2019 virus exhibited enhanced neurovirulence in neonatal mice compared with CAM/2010, with a 74-fold reduction in the 50% lethal dose (LD50 ). Consistently, CAM/2019 produced higher viral loads in the brains of BALB/c neonatal mice than CAM/2010 did. Sequence alignment showed that the CAM/2019 virus has acquired 12 amino acid substitutions, several of which were found to be associated with neurovirulence. In particular, the CAM/2019 virus shared an A1204T substitution in NS2A with the Thai isolate SI-BKK02 that was isolated from a microcephaly case. Taken together, our results indicate that a ZIKV strain isolated with specific mutations has emerged in Cambodia, highlighting the need for extensive molecular and disease surveillance in Cambodia and other Asian countries.

20.
New Phytol ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352516

RESUMO

Isoflavones are a class of secondary metabolites produced by legumes and play important roles in human health and plant stress tolerance. The C2H2 zinc-finger transcription factor functions in plant stress tolerance, but little is known about its function in isoflavone regulation in soybean (Glycine max). Here, we report a C2H2 zinc-finger transcription factor gene, GmZFP7, which regulates isoflavone accumulation in soybean. Overexpressing GmZFP7 increased the isoflavone concentration in both transgenic hairy roots and plants. By contrast, silencing GmZFP7 expression significantly reduced isoflavone levels. Metabolomic and qRT-PCR analysis revealed that GmZFP7 can increase the flux of the phenylpropanoid pathway. Furthermore, dual-luciferase and electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that GmZFP7 regulates isoflavone accumulation by influencing the expression of Isoflavone synthase 2 (GmIFS2) and Flavanone 3 ß-hydroxylase 1 (GmF3H1). In this study, we demonstrated that GmZFP7 contributes to isoflavone accumulation by regulating the expression of the gateway enzymes (GmIFS2 and GmF3H1) of competing phenylpropanoid pathway branches to direct the metabolic flux into isoflavone. A haplotype analysis indicated that the important natural variations were present in GmZFP7 promoters, with P-Hap1 and P-Hap3 being the elite haplotypes. Our findings provide insight into how GmZFP7 regulates the phenylpropanoid pathway and enhances soybean isoflavone content.

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