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1.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 142, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma is a common malignant tumor of digestive system. LncRNA metallothionein 1 J, pseudogene (MT1JP) has been reported to play tumor-suppressing roles in multiple cancers. However, its effect on cholangiocarcinoma has not been evaluated. METHODS: The expression of MT1JP in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma specimens and paired para-carcinoma tissues were detected by real-time PCR. The overexpression plasmid and siRNA of MT1JP were transfected into intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma cells to change the expression levels of MT1JP. CCK-8, flow cytometry and transwell assays were performed to measure proliferation, cell cycle transition, apoptosis, migration and invasion. Dual-luciferase reporter assay, real-time PCR and western blot were carried out to screen the miRNA bound by MT1JP. In addition, xenograft experiment was used to determine the tumorigenesis of cholangiocarcinoma cells in nude mice. RESULTS: MT1JP was downregulated in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma specimens, and its expression was related with TNM stage and lymph node metastasis. Overexpression of MT1JP inhibited proliferation, cell cycle transition, migration and invasion, and induced apoptosis in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma cells. The knockdown of MT1JP led to opposite results. MT1JP bound to miR-18a-5p to facilitate the expression of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 1 (FBP1). MiR-18a-5p was increased in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma samples, and its expression was negatively correlated with that of MT1JP. In addition, MT1JP also suppressed tumorigenesis in nude mice. CONCLUSIONS: MT1JP alleviated proliferation, migration and invasion, and induced apoptosis in cholangiocarcinoma cells by regulating miR-18a-5p/FBP1 axis. These findings may provide novel insights for clinical diagnosis and treatment of cholangiocarcinoma.

2.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33603150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal selenium (Se) deficiency is associated with some adverse pregnant outcomes. However, it remains controversial whether maternal Se deficiency during gestation enhances the risks for low-birth-weight (LBW) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns. METHODS: For our cohort study, total 3133 mother-and-infant pairs were selected. Maternal serum Se concentration was detected by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. According to international references for maternal serum Se concentration, subjects were divided into Se deficiency (<45.0 µg/L), Se insufficiency (45.0-94.9 µg/L) and Se sufficiency (≥95.0 µg/L). RESULTS: There was a positive relation of maternal serum Se concentration in gestation and neonatal birth weight. Further analysis showed that the risks for LBW and SGA in SD group were significantly higher than that in SI and SS group, the adjusted ORs for LBW and SGA newborns were 1.87 (95%CI: 1.02, 3.45; P = 0.04) and 1.47 (95%CI: 1.07, 2.02; P = 0.02) in SI group, and 3.92 (95%CI: 2.03, 7.57; P < 0.001) and 2.77 (95%CI: 1.92, 4.02; P < 0.001) in SD group compared to SS group. In different gender subgroup, positive relations were observed between maternal Se deficiency and the risk for LBW girls, as well as the risks for both SGA girls and boys. CONCLUSION: Maternal Se deficiency in gestation was positively associated with the risk for LBW girls, as well as the risks for both SGA girls and boys.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 760: 143933, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341639

RESUMO

Anaerobic digestion is an effective treatment technology for wastewater. However, long HRT and low CH4 production limit the application of anaerobic treatment. Iron-based materials, carbon-based materials and Fe-C composite particles have been used in anaerobic processes. However, the strengthening effect of Fe-C composite particles on anaerobic systems requires further research. In this study, granular activated carbon (GAC) loaded with nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) was prepared by a co-precipitation method and its morphology was characterized. Different concentrations of GAC-NZVI particles were used in the batch experiment to study the enhancing effect of the anaerobic biological treatment process. The water quality, sludge properties and microbial community were analyzed. The degradation rate of COD and total CH4 production increased by 9.38% and 14.29% with particles at a concentration of 1000 mg/L, respectively. The average methane yield was 169.86 mL CH4/g-COD removed, which was 9.39% higher than that of the control. The measurement results of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS), conductivity, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and Fe concentration indicated that the composite particles showed excellent electrical conductivity and promoted microorganism metabolism, which accelerated the use of substrates and methane generation. The 3-dimensional excitation (Ex) - emission (Em) matrix (3D-EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy of soluble microbial product (SMP) and EPS indicated that the particles could affect the endogenous respiration of microorganisms. Microbial community analysis revealed that the dominant genus Methanothrix (acetoclastic methanogens) increased by 13.32%, which could strengthen acetoclastic methanogenesis and lead to higher CH4 production. The abundance of hydrogenotrophic archaea decreased after the addition of GAC-NZVI. These results provide an alternate method for enhancing anaerobic wastewater treatment using conductive particles.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Ferro , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Matriz Extracelular de Substâncias Poliméricas , Metano , Esgotos , Água
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 760: 144153, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352332

RESUMO

Excess sludge production from wastewater treatment plants has significantly increased, and sludge disposal has become a serious social and environmental problem. In this study, we constructed a microbial electrochemical hybrid system (MEHS) for simultaneous electricity generation, acid and alkali production, desalination, alkali pretreatment, and degradation of sludge. The alkaline solution generated in the MEHS was used for in situ sludge pretreatment. Owing to the efficiency in alkali pretreatment, a higher sludge degradation efficiency was obtained by the MEHS (Total chemical oxygen demand (TCOD) removal efficiency of 57.2%) than by the SMFC (TCOD removal efficiency of 51.7%). Moreover, the MEHS (0.165C) could recover more electricity from the sludge than a traditional single-chamber microbial fuel cell (SMFC, 0.133C). Additionally, the MEHS exhibited excellent performance in desalination (> 50%) and acid production. The system developed in this study provides a new solution for sludge degradation and multifunctional utilization.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Purificação da Água , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Eletricidade , Esgotos
5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 251: 117101, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142639

RESUMO

Numbers of UV crosslinkable chitosan hydrogels through chemical modification had drawn increasing attention, however most of these chitosan hydrogels lost the pH-responsive performance because plenty of amino groups (‒NH2) in chitosan were consumed by reacting with other functional groups. To construct a pH-responsive UV-crosslinkable chitosan hydrogel for active modulating drug release with desired behavior, C6-OH selectively modified chitosan via protection/deprotection strategy to amino groups was synthesized, the allyl groups on C6 site and amino groups on C2 site endowed chitosan with UV crosslinking capability and pH responsiveness, respectively. Rapid UV crosslinking gelation (30 s) with low-dose UV irradiation (4 mW/cm2) via "thiol-ene" click chemistry were demonstrated for the patterned microgel and in-situ formed hydrogel in vivo. The swelling and shrinkage of hydrogel could active modulate the opposite release behaviors of doxorubicin (DOX) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) in different pH medium. The smart UV-crosslinkable chitosan hydrogel via click chemistry might provide a new drug carrier for active modulating opposite drug release behaviors.

6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 252: 117143, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183602

RESUMO

Injectable chitosan hydrogels exhibit excellent biological properties for application in biomedical engineering, however most of these hydrogels have limited applicability because "Swelling" can induce volume expansion of conventional hydrogels implanted in the body damages the surrounding tissues. Here, we report a new "Nonswelling" pentenyl chitosan (PTL-CS) hydrogel via N‒acylation reaction to graft an UV crosslinkable short hydrophobic alkyl chain (n‒pentenyl groups). The incorporated pentenyl groups can be crosslinked by UV irradiation to form hydrophobic chains via combination termination, which generate strong hydrophobic effect to extrude the excess water in hydrogel, resulting in a "Nonswelling" state at biological temperature. Furthermore, the PTL-CS solution showed no cytotoxicity in vitro and minimally invasive treatment in vivo demonstrated the PTL-CS hydrogel no adverse effects in a rat model. The nonswelling injectable and UV crosslinkable chitosan hydrogel hold potential applications in smart biomaterials and biological engineering as well as providing a new natural hydrogel in minimally invasive tissue engineering..

7.
Chemosphere ; 262: 127626, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777608

RESUMO

Cathode, where electro-catalytic oxidation barely took place, could exert a significant influence on electro-catalytic efficiency, whereas little investigation has been focused on this effect. In this study, the effect of cathode configuration on electro-catalytic activities was investigated with phenol as model pollutant, and the mechanism was revealed from the perspective of mass transfer with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation. Compared with the planar Ti cathode, the electro-catalytic reactor with mesh Ti exhibited 1.21-1.26 times faster phenol degradation rate under various testing inlet flow rates. CFD simulation revealed the higher velocity distribution both in the reactor and on anode surface when meshed Ti cathode was used, which benefited faster fluid flow so that the pollutant transfer was accelerate especially at higher inlet flow rate. Excellent agreement of mass transfer between CFD simulation and experimental analysis was achieved, the mass transfer coefficient with mesh Ti was 1.40-1.55 times of the case with planar cathode under various inlet flow rates. The enhanced mass transfer performance was mainly ascribed to the rhombic pores of mesh cathode where hydrogen bubbles generated on would escape timely and randomly at various directions, leading to the disturbance of fluid flow around the anode. This study highlighted mesh cathode played a key role in improving pollutant degradation, and CFD, as a versatile and convenient tool to analyze the hydrodynamic behavior of electro-catalytic reactor, showed a strong persuasion to guide the optimization of electrode configuration.


Assuntos
Fenol/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Catálise , Simulação por Computador , Eletrodos , Hidrodinâmica , Oxirredução , Fenóis , Titânio
8.
Water Res ; 188: 116498, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080455

RESUMO

Complete biological denitrification is usually restricted in electron donor lacking waters. Hydrogenotrophic denitrification attracts attention for its clean and cost-efficiency advantages. Therein, the hydrogen could be effectively generated by microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) from organic wastes. In this study, a gas diffusion membrane (GDM) integrated MEC (MMEC) was constructed and provided a novel non-polluting approach for nitrate contaminated water remediation, in which the hydrogen was recovered from substrate degradation in anode and diffused across GDM as electron donor for denitrification. The high overall nitrogen removal of 91 ± 0.1%-95 ± 1.9% and 90 ± 1.6%-94 ± 2.2% were respectively achieved in Ti-MMEC and SS-MMEC with titanium and stainless-steel mesh as cathode at all applied voltages (0.4-0.8 V). Decreasing applied voltage from 0.8 to 0.4 V significantly improved the electron utilization efficiency for denitrification from 26 ± 3.6% to 73 ± 0.1% in Ti-MMEC. Integrating MEC with GDM greatly improved TN removal by 40% under applied voltage of 0.8 V. The hydrogenotrophic denitrifiers of Rhodocyclaceae, Paracoccus, and Dethiobacter, dominated in MMECs facilitating TN removal. Functional denitrification related genes including napAB, nirKS, norBC and nosZ predicted by PICRUSt2 based on 16S rRNA gene data demonstrated higher abundance in MMECs.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Nitratos , Biofilmes , Reatores Biológicos , Eletrólise , Membranas , Nitrogênio , RNA Ribossômico 16S
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 753: 142021, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898810

RESUMO

Membrane filtration electrode based microbial fuel cell provides a promising route to simultaneously recover energy and produce high-quality effluent during water treatment. Enhancing effluent quality and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity of the membrane electrode still remains a major challenge. In this study, filtration types of membrane electrodes with Prussian blue (PB) doping and PVDF-PVC-PEG triblock copolymers were prepared by a simple phase inversion fabrication process. The PB-0.2 membrane electrode with optimal 0.2 wt% of PB obtained the highest current density (12.0 A m-2) and the lowest charge transfer resistance (5.0 ± 0.1 Ω). Rotating disk electrode (RDE) results also demonstrated that the PB-0.2 catalyst exhibited the superior ORR activity with the highest number of transferred electrons (n = 3.90). Furthermore, the MFC with PB-0.2 produced the maximum power density of 1401 ± 17 mW m-2, which was 186.5% higher than that of the control. Moreover, the filtrated effluent tCODeff was 20.6 ± 1.2 mg L-1 for the PB-0.2, which was significantly reduced by 63% compared with the control. These results showed that the addition of PB was an effective strategy to enhance the overall oxygen reduction performance and improve effluent quality of microbial fuel cells.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Eletrodos , Ferrocianetos , Oxigênio
10.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(2): 1, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300075

RESUMO

Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) has a poor outcome in terms of survival. Forkhead box K1 (FOXK1) dysregulation is critical in solid tumors, which serves a pivotal role in the biological characteristics, such as invasion and migration, but its expression and functions in HC are unclear. The present study investigated the clinical significance and biological functions of FOXK1 in HC. Tumor microarrays and immunohistochemistry were used to evaluate FOXK1 in HC and its expression was modulated to determine its effects on chemoresistance and tumorigenesis. FOXK1 was highly expressed in HC and cell lines, which was associated with tumor invasion, regional lymph node metastasis, tumor recurrence and poor prognosis. Silencing FOXK1 in HC cells inhibited invasion and migration, upregulated E-cadherin, and downregulated vimentin, matrix metallopeptidase 9 and Twist in HC cells. Sensitivity to 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin was increased, and glutathione S-transferase π, multidrug resistance mutation 1 and P-glycoprotein expression levels were downregulated in RBE cells in vitro following FOXK1 knockdown. These results indicated that FOXK1 plays an oncogenic role in HC progression and can serve as a novel therapeutic target for HC.

11.
Chemosphere ; 268: 129363, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360935

RESUMO

Magnetic seeding coagulation (MSC) process has been used to accelerate flocs sedimentation with an applied magnetic field, offering large handling capacity and low energy consumption. The interactions of three typical Al species, aluminum chloride (AlCl3), Al13O4(OH)247+ polymer (Al13), and (AlO4)2Al28(OH)5618+ polymer (Al30), with magnetic particles (MPs) were examined to clarify the MSC process. In traditional coagulation (TC) process, the aggregation of primary Ala-dissolved organic matter (DOM) complexes with in-situ-formed polynuclear species generated a large average floc size (226 µm), which was proved to be efficient for DOC removal (52.6%). The weak connections between dissolved Ala-DOM complexes and MPs led to the negligible changes of dissolved Al after seeding with MPs in AlCl3. A significant interaction between MPs and Al13 was observed, in which the MPs-Al13-DOM complexes were proposed to be responsible for the significant improvement of DOC removal (from 47% to 52%) and residual total Al reduction (from 1.05 to 0.27 mg Al L-1) with MPs addition. Al30 produced a lower floc fractal dimension (Df = 1.88) than AlCl3 (2.08) and Al13 (1.99) in the TC process, whereas its floc strength (70.9%) and floc recovery (38.5%) were higher than the others. Although more detached fragments were produced with MPs addition, the effective sedimentation of these fragments with the applied magnetic field led to the decrease of residual turbidity and colloidal Al in Al30. The dependence of coagulation behavior to MPs and different Al species can be applied to guide the application of an effective MSC process.


Assuntos
Purificação da Água , Alumínio , Cloreto de Alumínio , Floculação , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Polímeros
12.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 22366, 2020 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353955

RESUMO

Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the emerged coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is spreading globally. The origin of SARS-Cov-2 and its evolutionary relationship is still ambiguous. Several reports attempted to figure out this critical issue by genome-based phylogenetic analysis, yet limited progress was obtained, principally owing to the disability of these methods to reasonably integrate phylogenetic information from all genes of SARS-CoV-2. Supertree method based on multiple trees can produce the overall reasonable phylogenetic tree. However, the supertree method has been barely used for phylogenetic analysis of viruses. Here we applied the matrix representation with parsimony (MRP) pseudo-sequence supertree analysis to study the origin and evolution of SARS-CoV-2. Compared with other phylogenetic analysis methods, the supertree method showed more resolution power for phylogenetic analysis of coronaviruses. In particular, the MRP pseudo-sequence supertree analysis firmly disputes bat coronavirus RaTG13 be the last common ancestor of SARS-CoV-2, which was implied by other phylogenetic tree analysis based on viral genome sequences. Furthermore, the discovery of evolution and mutation in SARS-CoV-2 was achieved by MRP pseudo-sequence supertree analysis. Taken together, the MRP pseudo-sequence supertree provided more information on the SARS-CoV-2 evolution inference relative to the normal phylogenetic tree based on full-length genomic sequences.


Assuntos
/virologia , Quirópteros/virologia , Taxa de Mutação , Filogenia , /genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Genoma Viral , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/genética , Vírus da SARS/genética , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/virologia
13.
Bioresour Technol ; 320(Pt A): 124292, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161313

RESUMO

The electricity production of microbial electrochemical system can be substantially strengthened by coupling with a reverse electrodialysis stack which extracts energy from salinity gradient, therefore provides a possible way for value-added products in cathode without external energy input. Here, a microbial reverse-electrodialysis CO2 reduction cell (MRECC) was developed and successfully utilized to drive CO2-to-formate conversion on a Bi/Cu cathode. Results confirmed the optimal anodic COD load and cathodic CO2 flow rate to be 1 g NaAc L-1 and 10 mL min-1. MRECC could yielded 143.5 ± 8.1 mg L-1 of formate with total energy efficiency of 4.6 ± 0.9% and coulombic efficiency of 46.4 ± 2.4%. Increasing or decreasing anode or cathode load impaired MRECC performance from economic and environmental viabilities. MRECC provided a promising platform for simultaneous CO2 reduction and value-added chemicals production by using sustainable energy from wastewaters.

14.
Bioresour Technol ; 320(Pt A): 124343, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166886

RESUMO

To achieve a membrane cathode with excellent performance, iron-porphyrin (Fe(por)) was doped to boost the catalytic and permeability properties in microbial fuel cell (MFC). The membrane cathode with the optimal 0.05 g of Fe(por) (denoted as Fe(por)-0.05) had the highest current density of 10.3 A m-2 and the lowest charge transfer resistance of 12.6 ± 0.3 Ω. The ring-disk electrode (RDE) results further proved that the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) occurred on the Fe(por)-0.05 through a direct four-electron transfer pathway. Moreover, the membrane cathode performed better permeability properties under electric filed and the Fe(por)-0.05 + E (E was electric field) obtained the lowest flux attenuation ratio of 14.1 ± 0.2%, which was related to its superior hydrophilicity and strong electrostatic repulsion force. Iron-porphyrin can simultaneously enhance the ORR activity and permeability of membrane cathode, providing a new direction for the practical application in MFCs.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143142, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168253

RESUMO

Modifying the surface of an anode can improve electroactive bacteria (EAB) enrichment, thereby enhancing the performance of the associated microbial electrochemical systems (MESs). In this study, biosynthetic FeS nanoparticles were used to modify the anode in MESs. The experimental results demonstrated that the stable maximum voltage of the FeS composited biochar (FeS/BC)-modified anode reached 0.72 V, which is 20% higher than that of the control. The maximum power density with the FeS/BC anode was 793 mW/m2, which is 46.31% higher than that obtained with the control (542 mW/m2). According to cyclic voltammetry (CV) analysis, FeS/BC facilitates the direct electron transfer between bacteria and the electrode. The biomass protein concentration of the FeS/BC anode was 841.75 µg/cm2, which is almost 1.5 times higher than that of the carbon cloth anode (344.25 µg/cm2); hence, FeS/BC modification can promote biofilm formation. The composition of Geobacter species on the FeS/BC anode (75.16%) was much higher than that on the carbon cloth anode (4.81%). All the results demonstrated that the use of the biosynthetic FeS/BC anode is an environmentally friendly and efficient strategy for enhancing the electroactive biofilm formation and EAB enrichment in MESs.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143717, 2020 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220995

RESUMO

Magnetic particles (MPs) assisted powdered activated carbon (PAC) is a promising composite material for adsorption removal of micropollutants. The fractional amount of Fe3O4 impacts the balance between adsorption capacity and magnetic property of magnetic activated carbons (MPACs), and therefore it affects the extent of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) removal. Here, five MPACs with different mass ratios of Fe3O4: PAC (1:1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:6, and 1:8) were prepared using a hydrothermal method and characterized by various spectroscopic methods. The spherical shaped MPs were monolayerly deposited on PAC with fewer pores blocked when the mass ratio of Fe3O4 was comparatively low (≤ 20%). MPAC6 (14.3 wt% of Fe3O4) had the best overall performance, with good Langmuir adsorption capacities for SMX (173.0 mg g-1) and excellent magnetic properties (9.0 emu g-1). Corresponding adsorption kinetics fitted well with the pseudo second-order kinetic model. The negative ΔG0 (-25.6 to -27.2 KJ mol-1) and ΔH0 (-9.14 KJ mol-1), and positive ΔS0 (0.55 KJ mol-1 K-1) properties indicated the spontaneous and exothermic nature of the adsorption process accompanied by an increase in entropy. The strong cation-assisted electron donor-acceptor and hydrophobic interactions were contributed to a high extent of SMX removal in the pH range of 2-4. Formation of negative charge-assisted H-bonds was responsible for the adsorption of hydrophilic SMX- on negatively charged MPAC6 in alkaline solution. Desorption and regeneration experiments showed SMX removal was still 92.3% in the 5th cycle. These findings give valuable insights into the interactions between SMX and MPACs and guide for choosing sustainable magnetic adsorbents for environmental applications.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 2): 142641, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049541

RESUMO

The microbial electrochemical system (MES) has great advantages in wastewater treatment for rapid chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal and low sludge yield rate. Herein, biocathode MES was proposed to remove COD from high-ammonia wastewater with low carbon­nitrogen ratio and regulate the nitrogen forms in effluent for ANAMMOX process. The biocathode was more sensitive to ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N) than anode and determined the power generation of MES. With COD of 500-550 mg L-1 in influent, increasing NH4+-N from 50 to 150 mg L-1 improved maximum power output (Pmax) from 3.0 ± 0.2 to 3.4 ± 0.1 W m-3, which was then reduced with further increase of NH4+-N from 300 to 600 mg L-1. However, for the cathodic reductive current, the negative effects of ammonia only revealed with NH4+-N ≥ 450 mg L-1. The cathodic equilibrium potential drop determined the power degradation, because the increased reductive compounds (NH4+ and COD) in catholyte. The high NH4+-N reduced the abundance of denitrifiers, exoelectrogens and organic-degrading bacteria on electrodes, while that of nitrogen-fixing bacteria increased. External alkalinity addition achieved in-situ short-cut nitrification and nitrite accumulation. With comparable NH4+ and NO2-, limited NO3- and low COD, the biocathode MES effluent was then suitable for subsequence ANAMMOX process.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32923885

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCCA), a global health problem, is increasing in incidence and has differing etiologies worldwide. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is rapidly being incorporated into the clinical management of biliary cancers. IHCCA is enriched with actionable mutations, and there are several promising targeted therapies under development. NGS data from Asia, where IHCCA is most prevalent, are limited. METHODS: Comprehensive genomic profiling of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue from 164 Asian and 283 Western patients with IHCCA was performed using NGS. We measured the distribution of DNA repair genetic aberrations (GAs) in IHCCA, along with actionable mutations. Also, we evaluated the association between DNA repair GAs and tumor mutation burden (TMB). Based on the TMB status, patients were distinguished into 3 levels: low (< 6 mut/Mb), intermediate (6-10 mut/Mb), and high (TMB-H; ≥ 10 mut/Mb). RESULTS: Seventy-two percent of Asian patients had ≥ 1 actionable GA, with a significantly higher frequency in KMT2C , BRCA1/2, and DDR2 compared with Western patients (P = .02, .003, and .003, respectively); 60.9% of Western patients had ≥ 1 actionable GA and higher frequency of CDKN2A/B and IDH1/2 GAs (P = .0004 and < .001, respectively). GAs in nuclear factor kappa B pathway regulators and DNA repair genes occurred more frequently in Asian patients (P = .006 and .001, respectively). There was a higher frequency of TMB-H in Asian compared with the Western cohort (12.2% v 5.9%; P = .07). CONCLUSION: A higher burden of DNA repair mutations and frequency of patients with TMB-H in the Asian IHCCA cohort compared with the Western patients suggests a potential role for DNA repair and immune checkpoint inhibitors in the Asian population. Future clinical trials should account for this genetic heterogeneity.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 164: 3771-3779, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891645

RESUMO

DNA methylation is an important epigenetic modification and has been shown to be involved in the response to abiotic stress. However, there are few studies on DNA methylation in insect response to environmental signals. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive comparative analysis of DNA methylation profiles between two silkworm strains with significantly different resistance to heat and humidity by whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS). We identified, in total, 2934 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) between RT_48h (resistant strain with high-temperature/humidity treatment for 48 h) and ST_48h (sensitive strain with high-temperature/humidity treatment for 48 h) under cytosine context (CG), which corresponded to 1230 DMR-related genes (DMGs), and the DMRs were primarily located in the gene body (exon and intron) region. Gene ontology (GO) and KEGG analysis showed that these DMGs were most significantly enriched in binding, cellular metabolic process, and RNA transport pathways. Moreover, 10 DMGs have been revealed to be involved in the heat-humidity stress response in the silkworm. The results of this study indicated that DNA methylation plays crucial roles in silkworm response to environmental stressors and provides important clues to identify key resistance genes in silkworm under high-temperature/humidity stress response.

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