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1.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 184, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147797

RESUMO

The refractive index of AlN has a direct influence on AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet optoelectronic devices, such as the external quantum efficiency of light-emitting devices. Revealing the dependence of the refractive index of AlN on the threading dislocations is meaningful since high-density threading dislocations usually exist in AlN. In this paper, the effect of different dislocation densities on the refractive index of AlN is investigated. With the increase of dislocation densities from 4.24 × 108 to 3.48 × 109 cm- 2, the refractive index of AlN decreases from 2.2508 to 2.2102 at 280 nm. Further study demonstrates that the nanoscale strain field around dislocations changes the propagation of light and thus decreases the refractive index of AlN. This study will be beneficial to the design of optoelectronic devices and thus realizing high-performance deep ultraviolet optoelectronic devices.

2.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 13(1): 243, 2018 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30136130

RESUMO

This paper reports the photoluminescence (PL) properties of InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well (MQW) light-emitting diodes grown on silicon substrates which were designed with different tensile stress controlling architecture like periodic Si δ-doping to the n-type GaN layer or inserting InGaN/AlGaN layer for investigating the strain-controlled recombination mechanism in the system. PL results turned out that tensile stress released samples had better PL performances as their external quantum efficiencies increased to 17%, 7 times larger than the one of regular sample. Detail analysis confirmed they had smaller nonradiative recombination rates ((2.5~2.8)×10-2 s-1 compared to (3.6~4.7)× 10-2 s-1), which was associated with the better crystalline quality and absence of dislocations or cracks. Furthermore, their radiative recombination rates were found more stable and were much higher ((5.7~5.8) ×10-3 s-1 compared to [9~7] ×10-4 s-1) at room temperature. This was ascribed to the suppression of shallow localized states on MQW interfaces, leaving the deep radiative localization centers inside InGaN layers dominating the radiative recombination.

3.
Opt Express ; 26(2): 680-686, 2018 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29401950

RESUMO

In this work, combined analysis of internal strain effects on optical polarization and internal quantum efficiency (IQE) were conducted for the first time. Deep ultraviolet light extraction efficiency of AlGaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) have been investigated by means of polarization-dependent photoluminescence (PD-PL) and temperature-dependent photoluminescence (TD-PL). With the increase of compressive internal strain applied to the MQWs by an underlying n-AlGaN layer, the degree of polarization (DOP) of the sample was improved from -0.26 to -0.06 leading to significant enhancement of light extraction efficiency (LEE) as the PL intensity increased by 29.2% even though the internal quantum efficiency declined by 7.7%. The results indicated that proper management of the internal compressive strain in AlGaN MQWs can facilitate the transverse electric (TE) mode and suppress the transverse magnetic (TM) mode which could effectively reduce the total internal reflection (TIR) and absorption. This work threw light upon the promising application of compressively strained MQWs to reduce the wave-guide effect and improve the LEE of deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes (DUV LEDs).

4.
Nanotechnology ; 29(19): 195203, 2018 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29469057

RESUMO

In this paper, we report a 2.6-fold deep ultraviolet emission enhancement of integrated photoluminescence (PL) intensity in AlGaN-based multi-quantum wells (MQWs) by introducing the coupling of local surface plasmons from Al nanoparticles (NPs) on a SiO2 dielectric interlayer with excitons and photons in MQWs at room temperature. In comparison to bare AlGaN MQWs, a significant 2.3-fold enhancement of the internal quantum efficiency, from 16% to 37%, as well as a 13% enhancement of photon extraction efficiency have been observed in the MQWs decorated with Al NPs on SiO2 dielectric interlayer. Polarization-dependent PL measurement showed that both the transverse electric and transverse magnetic mode were stronger than the original intensity in bare AlGaN MQWs, indicating a strong LSPs coupling process and vigorous scattering ability of the Al/SiO2 composite structure. These results were confirmed by the activation energy of non-radiative recombination from temperature-dependent PL measurement and the theoretical three dimensional finite difference time domain calculations.

5.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 12(1): 137, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28235373

RESUMO

This paper reports the transient photoluminescence (PL) properties of an InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well (MQW) light-emitting diode (LED) with green emission. Recombination of localized excitons was proved to be the main microscopic mechanism of green emission in the sample. The PL dynamics were ascribed to two pathways of the exciton recombination, corresponding to the fast decay and the slow decay, respectively. The origins of slow decay and fast decay were assigned to local compositional fluctuations of indium and thickness variations of InGaN layers, respectively. Furthermore, the contributions of two decay pathways to the green PL were found to vary at different emission photon energy. The fraction of fast decay pathway decreased with decreasing photon energy. The slow radiative PL from deep localized exciton recombination suffered less suppression from non-radiative delocalization process, for the higher requested activation energy. All these results supported a clear microscopy mechanism of excitation-emission process of the green MQW LED structure.

6.
Opt Express ; 22(14): 17440-7, 2014 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25090557

RESUMO

The surface chemical state and local electronic structure of Al(x)Ga(1-x)N (x = 0~0.45) epi-layers have been systematically investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. The results show that the surface of Al(x)Ga(1-x)N is a composite of oxide and nitride of gallium and aluminum. In addition, it was identified that the Ga-O components were converted to Al-O components when the Al(x)Ga(1-x)N sample was exposed to air. The EXAFS analysis also reveals that the Ga-N and Ga-Al bond lengths are independent of the Al composition, whereas the Ga-Ga bond length is a function of Al composition.

7.
Opt Express ; 22 Suppl 3: A833-41, 2014 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24922390

RESUMO

ZnO/GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with improved asymmetric double heterostructure of Ta2O5/ZnO/HfO2 have been fabricated. Electroluminescence (EL) performance has been enhanced by the HfO2 electron blocking layer and further improved by continuing inserting the Ta2O5 hole blocking layer. The origins of the emission have been identified, which indicated that the Ta2O5/ZnO/HfO2 asymmetric structure could more effectively confine carriers in the active i-ZnO layer and meanwhile suppresses of radiation from GaN. This device exhibits superior stability in long-time running. It's hoped that the asymmetric double heterostructure may be helpful for the development of the future ZnO-based LEDs.

8.
Opt Express ; 21(22): 26475-82, 2013 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24216868

RESUMO

Raman spectra of three bulk 4H-SiC wafers with different free carrier concentration were measured at temperature from 80 K to 873 K. As temperature increases, Raman peaks of most optical phonon modes show monotonous down shift. An anomalous non-monotonous variation with temperature, was observed in the A(1) longitudinal optical (LO) mode from doped samples. Two methods of theoretical fitting, one-mode (LO-plasma coupled (LOPC) mode) and two-mode (A(1)(LO) + LOPC) fitting, are employed to analyze this anomalous phenomenon. Theoretical simulations for temperature dependent Raman spectra by using two methods are critically examined. It turns out that one-mode method conforms well the experimental results, while two-mode method is untenable in physics. The non-monotonous variation of blue-red shifts with temperature for LOPC mode from doped 4H-SiC could be explained by the influence from ionization process of impurities on the process of Raman scattering. A quantitative description on temperature dependent Raman spectra for doped 4H-SiC is achieved, which matches well to experimental data.

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