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1.
FEBS Open Bio ; 11(11): 3126-3141, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586751

RESUMO

Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) plays a significant role in certain malignancies. However, it remains unclear whether CDK1 plays a role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The aim of this study was to analyze the expression and clinical value of CDK1 in ESCC. CDK1 protein in 151 ESCC tissues and 138 normal esophageal tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. RNA-seq of eight pairs of ESCC and adjacent esophageal specimens was performed to evaluate the levels of CDK1 mRNA. Microarray and external RNA-seq data from 664 cases of ESCC and 1733 cases of control tissues were used to verify the difference in CDK1 expression between the two groups. A comprehensive analysis of all data was performed to evaluate the difference in CDK1 between ESCC tissues and control tissues. Further, functional enrichment analyses were performed based on differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of ESCC and co-expressed genes (CEGs) of CDK1. In addition, a lncRNA-miRNA-CDK1 network was constructed. The expression of CDK1 protein was obviously increased in ESCC tissues (3.540 ± 2.923 vs. 1.040 ± 1.632, P < 0.001). RNA-seq indicated that the mRNA level of CDK1 was also highly expressed in ESCC tissues (5.261 ± 0.703 vs. 2.229 ± 1.161, P < 0.0001). Comprehensive analysis revealed consistent up-regulation of CDK1 (SMD = 1.41; 95% CI 1.00-1.83). Further, functional enrichment analyses revealed that the functions of these genes were mainly concentrated in the cell cycle. A triple regulatory network of PVT1-hsa-miR-145-5p/hsa-miR-30c-5p-CDK1 was constructed using in silico analysis. In summary, overexpression of CDK1 is closely related to ESCC tumorigenesis.

2.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 855-874, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641617

RESUMO

Synaptojanin 2 (SYNJ2) regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis via dephosphorylating plasma membrane phosphoinositides. Aim of this study is to first seek the full-scale expression levels and potential emerging roles of SYNJ2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We systematically analyzed SYNJ2 mRNA expression and protein levels in HCC tissues based on large-scale data and in-house immunohistochemistry (IHC). The clinical significance and risk factors for SYNJ2-related HCC cases were identified. A nomogram of prognosis was created and its performance was validated by concordance index (C-index) and shown in calibration plots. Based on the identified differentially coexpressed genes (DCGs) of SYNJ2, enriched annotations and potential pathways were predicted, and the protein interacting networks were mapped. Upregulated SYNJ2 in 3,728 HCC and 3,203 non-HCC tissues were verified and in-house IHC showed higher protein levels of SYNJ2 in HCC tissues. Pathologic T stage was identified as a risk factor. Upregulated mRNA levels and mutated SYNJ2 might cause a poorer outcome. The C-index of the nomogram model constructed by SYNJ2 level, age, gender, TNM classification, grade, and stage was evaluated as 0.643 (95%CI = 0.619-0.668) with well-calibrated plots. A total of 2,533 DCGs were extracted and mainly functioned together with SYNJ2 in metabolic pathways. Possible transcriptional axis of CTCF/POLR2A-SYNJ2/INPP5B (transcription factor-target) in metabolic pathways was discovered based on ChIP-seq datasets. In summary, transcriptional regulatory axis CTCF/POLR2A-SYNJ2 might influence SYNJ2 expression levels. Increased SYNJ2 expression level could be utilized for predicting HCC prognosis and potentially accelerates the occurrence and development of HCC via metabolic perturbations pathways.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/genética , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Regulação para Cima
3.
PeerJ ; 8: e10458, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33354424

RESUMO

Background: Existing studies of PLK1 in cervical cancer had several flaws. The methods adopted by those studies of detecting PLK1 expression in cervical cancer were single and there lacks comprehensive evaluation of the clinico-pathological significance of PLK1 in cervical cancer. Methods: A total of 303 cervical tissue samples were collected for in-house tissue microarrays. Immunohistochemistry was performed for evaluating PLK1 expression between cervical cancer (including cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CESC) and cervical adenocarcinoma) and non-cancer samples. The Expression Atlas database was searched for querying PLK1 expression in different cervical cancer cell lines and different tissues in the context of pan-cancer. Standard mean difference (SMD) was calculated and the summarized receiver's operating characteristics (SROC) curves were plotted for integrated tissue microarrays, exterior high-throughput microarrays and RNA sequencing data as further verification. The effect of PLK1 expression on the overall survival, disease-free survival and event-free survival of cervical cancer patients was analyzed through Kaplan Meier survival curves for cervical cancer patients from RNA-seq and GSE44001 datasets. The gene mutation and alteration status of PLK1 in cervical cancer was inspected in COSMIC and cBioPortal databases. Functional enrichment analysis was performed for genes correlated with PLK1 from aggregated RNA-seq and microarrays. Results: A total of 963 cervical cancer samples and 178 non-cancer samples were collected from in-house tissue microarrays and exterior microarrays and RNA-seq datasets. The combined expression analysis supported overexpression of PLK1 in CESC, cervical adenocarcinoma and all types of cervical cancer (SMD = 1.59, 95%CI [0.56-2.63]; SMD = 2.99, 95%CI [0.75-5.24]; SMD = 1.57, 95% CI [0.85-2.29]) and the significant power of PLK1 expression in distinguishing CESC or all types of cervical cancer samples from non-cancer samples (AUC = 0.94, AUC = 0.92). Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the event-free survival rate of cervical cancer patients with higher expression of PLK1 was shorter than that of patients with lower PLK1 (HR = 2.020, P = 0.0197). Genetic alteration of PLK1 including missense mutation and mRNA low occurred in 6% of cervical cancer samples profiled in mRNA expression. Genes positively or negatively correlated with PLK1 were mainly assembled in pathways such as DNA replication, cell cycle, mismatch repair, Ras signaling pathway, melanoma, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance and homologous recombination (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Here, we provided sufficient evidence of PLK1 overexpression in cervical cancer. The overexpression of PLK1 in cervical cancer and the contributory effect of it on clinical progression indicated the hopeful prospect of PLK1 as a biomarker for cervical cancer.

5.
Cancer Cell Int ; 20: 392, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32818022

RESUMO

Background: The situation faced by breast cancer patients, especially those with triple-negative breast cancer, is still grave. More effective therapeutic targets are needed to optimize the clinical management of breast cancer. Although collagen type VIII alpha 1 chain (COL8A1) has been shown to be downregulated in BRIP1-knockdown breast cancer cells, its clinical role in breast cancer remains unknown. Methods: Gene microarrays and mRNA sequencing data were downloaded and integrated into larger matrices based on various platforms. Therefore, this is a multi-centered study, which contains 5048 breast cancer patients and 1161 controls. COL8A1 mRNA expression in breast cancer was compared between molecular subtypes. In-house immunohistochemistry staining was used to evaluate the protein expression of COL8A1 in breast cancer. A diagnostic test was performed to assess its clinical value. Furthermore, based on differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and co-expressed genes (CEGs) positively related to COL8A1, functional enrichment analyses were performed to explore the biological function and potential molecular mechanisms of COL8A1 underlying breast cancer. Results: COL8A1 expression was higher in breast cancer patients than in control samples (standardized mean difference = 0.79; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.55-1.03). Elevated expression was detected in various molecular subtypes of breast cancer. An area under a summary receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.80 (95% CI 0.76-0.83) with sensitivity of 0.77 (95% CI 0.69-0.83) and specificity of 0.70 (95% CI 0.61-0.78) showed moderate capacity of COL8A1 in distinguishing breast cancer patients from control samples. Worse overall survival was found in the higher than in the lower COL8A1 expression groups. Intersected DEGs and CEGs positively related to COL8A1 were significantly clustered in the proteoglycans in cancer and ECM-receptor interaction pathways. Conclusions: Elevated COL8A1 may promote the migration of breast cancer by mediating the ECM-receptor interaction and synergistically interplaying with DEGs and its positively related CEGs independently of molecular subtypes. Several genes clustered in the proteoglycans in cancer pathway are potential targets for developing effective agents for triple-negative breast cancer.

6.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 13(5): 1146-1158, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32509089

RESUMO

RNA molecules and targeting microRNA (miRNA) have been reported as novel focuses in recent research on breast cancer. This study aimed to probe the expression of FOXO1 in the MDA-MB-231 cell line and to explore the target effects of FOXO1 with hsa-microRNA-204-5p (miR-204) on the biologic behavior of MDA-MB-231 cells. The expression of FOXO1 mRNA and protein in MDA-MB-231 cells were derived and verified from the public databases, literature, and experimental assays, then the downregulation of FOXO1 was confirmed in the MDA-MB-231 cell line. The target binding of FOXO1 and miR-204 was predicted by miRWalk and confirmed by luciferase reporter assays. MiR-204 targeted the 3' untranslated region of FOXO1 and reduced FOXO1 expression in miR-204-transfected cells, resulting in cell growth amplification but inhibition of cell migration and apoptosis, which were assessed using the MTT method, wound healing assays, and flow cytometry, respectively. The protein levels of serine-threonine kinase (AKT), c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular regulatory protein kinase (ERK), and the phosphorylated protein kinases (P-AKT, P-JNK, and P-ERK) were measured by western blot. It was found that AKT, JNK, and ERK remained constant, but P-AKT, P-JNK, and P-ERK were upregulated after miR-204 transfection. In summary, the expression of FOXO1 was downregulated in MDA-MB-231 cells; and the target binding of miR-204 and FOXO1 affected phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathways, leading to different alterations of cellular activity in MDA-MB-231 cells.

7.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 60, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary malignant neoplasms have a high worldwide morbidity and mortality, so the study of these malignancies using microRNAs (miRNAs) has attracted great interest and enthusiasm. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical effect of hsa-microRNA-204-5p (miR-204-5p) and its underlying molecular mechanisms in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Expression of miR-204-5p was investigated by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). After data mining from public online repositories, several integrative assessment methods, including receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), and comprehensive meta-analyses, were conducted to explore the expression and clinical utility of miR-204-5p. The potential objects regulated and controlled by miR-204-5p in the course of NSCLC were identified by estimated target prediction and analysis. The regulatory network of miR-204-5p, with its target genes and transcription factors (TFs), was structured from database evidence and literature references. RESULTS: The expression of miR-204-5p was downregulated in NSCLC, and the downtrend was related to gender, histological type, vascular invasion, tumor size, clinicopathologic grade and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). MiR-204-5p was useful in prognosis, but was deemed unsuitable at present as an auxiliary diagnostic or prognostic risk factor for NSCLC due to the lack of statistical significance in meta-analyses and absence of large-scale investigations. Gene enrichment and annotation analyses identified miR-204-5p candidate targets that took part in various genetic activities and biological functions. The predicted TFs, like MAX, MYC, and RUNX1, interfered in regulatory networks involving miR-204-5p and its predicted hub genes, though a modulatory loop or axis of the miRNA-TF-gene that was out of range with shortage in database prediction, experimental proof and literature confirmation. CONCLUSIONS: The frequently observed decrease in miR-204-5p was helpful for NSCLC diagnosis. The estimated target genes and TFs contributed to the anti-oncogene effects of miR-204-5p.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/fisiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Regulação para Baixo/fisiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética
8.
PeerJ ; 8: e8409, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32095323

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second-highest cause of malignancy-related death worldwide, and many physiological and pathological processes, including cancer, are regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). miR-193a-3p is an anti-oncogene that plays an important part in health and disease biology by interacting with specific targets and signals. Methods: In vitro assays were performed to explore the influences of miR-193a-3p on the propagation and apoptosis of HCC cells. The sequencing data for HCC were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the expression levels of miR-193a-3p in HCC and non-HCC tissues were calculated. The differential expression of miR-193a-3p in HCC was presented as standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in Stata SE. The impact of miR-193a-3p on the prognoses of HCC patients was determined by survival analysis. The potential targets of miR-193a-3p were then predicted using miRWalk 2.0 and subjected to enrichment analyses, including Gene Ontology (GO) annotation, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis, and Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network analysis. The interaction between miR-193a-3p and one predicted target, Cyclin D1 (CCND1), was verified by dual luciferase reporter assays and Pearson correlation analysis. Results: MiR-193a-3p inhibited the propagation and facilitated the apoptosis of HCC cells in vitro. The pooled SMD indicated that miR-193a-3p had a low level of expression in HCC (SMD: -0.88, 95% CI [-2.36 -0.59]). Also, HCC patients with a higher level of miR-193a-3p expression tended to have a favorable overall survival (OS: HR = 0.7, 95% CI [0.43-1.13], P = 0.14). For the KEGG pathway analysis, the most related pathway was "proteoglycans in cancer", while the most enriched GO term was "protein binding". The dual luciferase reporter assays demonstrated the direct interaction between miR-193a-3p and CCND1, and the Pearson correlation analysis suggested that miR-193a-3p was negatively correlated with CCND1 in HCC tissues (R =  - 0.154, P = 0.002). Conclusion: miR-193a-3p could suppress proliferation and promote apoptosis by targeting CCND1 in HCC cells. Further, miR-193a-3p can be used as a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and treatment of HCC in the future.

9.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(1): 152754, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787478

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer worldwide. However, the expression and potential mechanism of miR-375 in BC are still controversial. We first collected microRNA chips and microRNA sequencing data from multiple databases for analyzing the expression level of miR-375, and further exploring the target genes and underlying molecular mechanism in BC. miR-375 in BC was predominantly overexpressed compared with that in normal breast tissues (pooled standard mean difference [SMD] = 0.49; 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 0.24-0.73, p < 0.0001). Meanwhile, the overall pooled area under the curve (AUC) in the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) of miR-375 was 0.83 (95 % CI = 0.79-0.86) based on 2928 cases of BC patients and 816 cases of controls, while the diagnostic positive likelihood ratio (DLR) positive and the DLR negative value were 3.90 (95 % CI = 2.46-6.19) and 0.39 (95 % CI = 0.28-0.54), respectively. The hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.29 (95 % CI = 1.04-1.6, P = 0.02) and 1.23 (95 % CI = 0.89-1.7, P = 0.22) for the cohorts of METABRIC and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). In vitro study demonstrated that miR-375 inhibitor could suppress the cell growth and induce apoptosis of BC cells. A total of 107 overlapping genes from microarrays after miR-375 transfection, the TCGA RNA sequencing, the microarrays of Affymetrix platform, and online predicting software were selected as the prospective targets of miR-375 in BC. Based on Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis, the potential targets of miR-375 were notable for their somatic stem cell division, plasma membrane, and proline-rich region binding. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway examination demonstrated that the targets were associated with the pathways of prion diseases, proteoglycans in cancer, and focal adhesion. Then, 107 targets of miR-375 in BC were used to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Finally, EGFR, PRKCA, PPARA, ADIPOQ, and ITSN1 were found to be the hub genes of miR-375. These targets showed negative correlations with miR-375 level. The upregulated miR-375 might play an essential part in the tumorigenesis and progression of BC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Ativação Transcricional/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Curva ROC
10.
J Cancer ; 10(22): 5355-5370, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632480

RESUMO

Objective: To enquire into the clinical significance and potential molecular mechanism of microRNA (miRNA)-196b-5p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: Quantitative reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were utilized to examine miR-196b-5p expression level in 67 HCC paraffin embedded tissues and corresponding adjacent tissues. Correlations of miR-196b-5p expression level with clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed in our study. The expression level and clinical significance of miR-196b-5p in HCC were also evaluated in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. We made predictions of the target genes of miR-196b-5p by twelve online software and then selected genes predicted by at least 5 software. Subsequently, in order to obtain the potential target genes of miR-196b-5p, we overlapped the predicted target genes and down-regulated mRNAs in HCC based on TCGA database. Then, we performed the Gene Ontology (GO) and the Disease Ontology (DO) functional annotation, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis and Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network construction of those miR-196b-5p potential target genes. Results: Higher expression level of miR-196b-5p was seen in HCC tissues than in the corresponding adjacent tissues based on qRT-PCR (P = 0.0007). The expression level of miR-196b-5p was linked with tumor size (P = 0.03), tumor node (P = 0.024), vascular invasion (P = 0.029) and capsular invasion (P = 0.026) in HCC patients. Comprehensive meta-analysis of miR-196b-5p expression based on TCGA, GEO and qRT-PCR verified that higher expression level of miR-196b-5p was observed in HCC tissues than in normal control liver tissues (SMD = 0.56, 95%CI: 0.39-0.72, P heterogeneity = 0.275, I2 = 18.3%). GO annotation revealed that the top terms in biological process, cellular component and molecular function were single-organism catabolic process, neuronal cell body and transmembrane receptor protein kinase activity, respectively. The most relevant disease in DO annotation was arteriosclerosis. The tryptophan metabolism pathway ranked first in KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. The PPI network showed that IGF1, FOXO1, AR and FOS were mostly likely to become the core genes of miR-196b-5p potential target genes, which however required further experiments for validation. Conclusion: The miR-196b-5p was observed to show higher expression in HCC tissues than in normal control liver tissues. Moreover, the miR-196b-5p expression level had correlations with the clinicopathological parameters such as vascular invasion of HCC, but the molecular mechanisms of miR-196b-5p in HCC still need further elucidation and verification.

11.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(9): 658, 2019 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506425

RESUMO

Nitidine chloride (NC) has been demonstrated to have an anticancer effect in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the mechanism of action of NC against HCC remains largely unclear. In this study, three pairs of NC-treated and NC-untreated HCC xenograft tumour tissues were collected for circRNA sequencing analysis. In total, 297 circRNAs were differently expressed between the two groups, with 188 upregulated and 109 downregulated, among which hsa_circ_0088364 and hsa_circ_0090049 were validated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The in vitro experiments showed that the two circRNAs inhibited the malignant biological behaviour of HCC, suggesting that they may play important roles in the development of HCC. To elucidate whether the two circRNAs function as "miRNA sponges" in HCC, we identified circRNA-miRNA and miRNA-mRNA interactions by using the CircInteractome and miRwalk, respectively. Subsequently, 857 miRNA-associated differently expressed genes in HCC were selected for weighted gene co-expression network analysis. Module Eigengene turquoise with 423 genes was found to be significantly related to the survival time, pathology grade and TNM stage of HCC patients. Gene functional enrichment analysis showed that the 423 genes mainly functioned in DNA replication- and cell cycle-related biological processes and signalling cascades. Eighteen hubgenes (SMARCD1, CBX1, HCFC1, RBM12B, RCC2, NUP205, ECT2, PRIM2, RBM28, COPS7B, PRRC2A, GPR107, ANKRD52, TUBA1B, ATXN7L3, FUS, MCM8 and RACGAP1) associated with clinical outcomes of HCC patients were then identified. These findings showed that the crosstalk between hsa_circ_0088364 and hsa_circ_0090049 and their competing mRNAs may play important roles in HCC, providing interesting clues into the potential of circRNAs as therapeutic targets of NC in HCC.


Assuntos
Benzofenantridinas/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais , RNA Circular , RNA Neoplásico , RNA-Seq , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , RNA Circular/biossíntese , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
Cancer Biomark ; 25(3): 259-273, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The expression of neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphomas and its relationships with clinicopathological parameters was investigated. METHODS: The researchers compared 111 cases of patients with lymphoma to 20 cases of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. In situ hybridization was applied to observe the expression of EBV-encoded RNA (EBER) in lymphomas, and immunohistochemistry was used to detect the NRP-1 expression in lymphoma tissues and lymph node tissues with reactive hyperplasia. RESULTS: In these 111 cases, the EBER of 62 cases (55.9%) appeared positive. NRP-1 was relatively highly expressed in lymphomas (P= 0.019). Further, NRP-1 showed higher expression in lymphomas with positive EBER than in negative ones. A comprehensive analysis revealed that NRP-1 was differently expressed in NK/T-cell lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (P= 0.027). Moreover, highly expressed NRP-1 was found to be a useful independent prognostic factor in assessing overall survival and progression-free survival rates in cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). CONCLUSIONS: NRP-1 exhibited higher expression in lymphomas, and it was positively expressed in EBV-positive lymphomas. Moreover, highly expressed NRP-1 can be used as an undesirable independent prognostic factor in NHL.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/genética , Linfoma/genética , Neuropilina-1/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/patogenicidade , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma/classificação , Linfoma/patologia , Linfoma/virologia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/genética , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/virologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/virologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/genética , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/patologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
13.
Oncol Rep ; 42(1): 151-175, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059074

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) has a complex etiology and pathogenesis, and is the most common malignant tumor type in females, in USA in 2018, yet its relevant molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. The collagen type V α­1 chain (COL5A1) gene is differentially expressed in renal and ovarian cancer. Using bioinformatics methods, COL5A1 was determined to also be a significant gene in BC, but its association with BC has not been sufficiently reported. COL5A1 microarray and relevant clinical data were collected from the Gene Expression Omnibus, The Cancer Genome Atlas and other databases to summarize COL5A1 expression in BC and its subtypes at the mRNA and protein levels. All associated information was comprehensively analyzed by various software. The clinical significance of the mutation was obtained via the cBioPortal. Furthermore, Gene Ontology functional annotation and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment were also performed to investigate the mechanism of COL5A1 in BC. Immunohistochemistry was also conducted to detect and confirm COL5A1 expression. It was determined that COL5A1 was highly expressed in BC tissues, compared with normal tissues at the mRNA level [standard mean difference, 0.84; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.60­1.07; P=0.108]. The area under the summary receiver operator characteristic curve for COL5A1 was 0.87 (95% CI, 0.84­0.90). COL5A1 expression was altered in 32/817 (4%) sequenced samples. KEGG analysis confirmed the most notable pathways, including focal adhesion, extracellular matrix­receptor interaction and regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. Immunohistochemical detection was used to verify the expression of COL5A1 in 136 selected cases of invasive BC tissues and 55 cases of adjacent normal tissues, while the rate of high expression of COL5A1 in BC was up to 90.4%. These results indicated that COL5A1 is highly expressed at the mRNA and protein levels in BC, and the prognosis of patients with BC with high COL5A1 expression may be reduced; therefore, COL5A1 may be used independently or combined with other detection factors in BC diagnosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo V/genética , Colágeno Tipo V/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Curva ROC , Análise de Sobrevida , Regulação para Cima
14.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(5): 1020-1032, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30833029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although previous researchers have analyzed the expression level of vimentin in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), the sample size of each study was too small, and there was no further in-depth study utilizing microarray and RNA-sequencing data. More importantly, the role and molecular mechanism of vimentin in NPC have not yet been addressed comprehensively. Accordingly, the aim of the present research was to conduct a full exploration of the clinical significance of vimentin in NPC in a large sample size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to test the expression of vimentin in clinical samples. Data from relevant microarray and RNA-sequencing datasets were screened and extracted to explore the clinical role of vimentin in NPC. Subsequently, vimentin-related signaling pathways were investigated via in-silico approaches. RESULTS: The clinical immunohistochemistry detection showed the positive expression ratio of vimentin was 24.6% (14/57) of the NPC specimens, whereas vimentin expression was negative in nasopharyngitis (NPG) tissues (0/20, P = 0.016). The mRNA and protein levels of vimentin were both remarkably up-regulated in NPC based on 196 and 1566 cases, respectively. The protein level of vimentin was also a risky factor for the prognosis prediction of NPC with the hazard ratios (HR) being 3.831. Gene ontology (GO) and kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) analyses, the localization of vimentin was in both the cytoplasm and the cytoskeleton, and vimentin was involved in the regulation of molecular function, the execution phase of apoptosis, and the regulation of cellular component organization. CONCLUSION: The high expression of vimentin plays a pivotal role in the development and poor progression of NPC, which indicates that vimentin may be an effective predictive indicator for NPC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Vimentina/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biologia Computacional , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 953-958, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30774381

RESUMO

A combination of a Wilms' tumor (WT) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is an extremely rare pediatric renal neoplasm. Its prognosis and clinicopathological features remain unclarified. Herein, we describe a case of the coexistence of a WT and an RCC in a male child aged 5 years and 10 months. The child had symptoms of hematuria for more than 1 month. Although his irises were clear, medical imaging revealed a potential malignant tumor in the left kidney. The patient underwent resection of the left kidney. The pathological diagnosis was the coexistence of a WT and papillary RCC. Negative surgical margins were examined. One month following the resection, chemotherapy with vincristine plus dactinomycin (EE-4A regimen) was commenced. At the 69-month follow-up, there was no recurrence or metastasis. The coexistence of a WT and an RCC in the pediatric population is considered a rare pathological event. At present, there is no standard treatment for these renal neoplasms. In this study, the RCC treatment, which was the same as that applied in cases of WTs, was reasonable.

16.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 107: 141-157, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30768923

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical significance and potential molecular mechanism of endothelin receptor type B (EDNRB) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to detect EDNRB protein expression level in 67 HCC paraffin embedded tissues and adjacent tissues. Correlations between EDNRB expression level and clinicopathologic parameters were analyzed in our study. The expression level and clinical significance of EDNRB in HCC were also evaluated from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics was employed to analyze the EDNRB related genes, and Gene Ontology (GO) annotation, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis and Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network were conducted for those EDNRB related genes. RESULTS: Lower expression level of EDNRB in HCC was verified by immunohistochemistry than adjacent tissues (P < 0.0001). The expression level of EDNRB in HCC tissues was lower than normal control liver tissues based on TCGA and GEO data (standard mean difference [SMD] = -1.48, 95% [confidence interval] CI: -1.63-(-1.33), Pheterogeneity = 0.116, I2 = 32.4%). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that HCC patients with lower EDNRB expression were more prone to poor prognosis (P = .0041). The top terms of GO annotation in biological process, cellular component and molecular function were vasculature development, actin filament and transmembrane receptor protein kinase activity, respectively. The KEGG pathway enrichment analysis confirmed that EDNRB related genes mainly participated in Vascular smooth muscle contraction, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway and Focal adhesion pathways. The result of PPI network construction showed that KDR, VEGFC, FLT1, CDH5 and ADCY4 were possible to become the core genes of EDNRB related genes, which need further experiments to confirm. CONCLUSION: Our study provides novel findings and insights on the molecular pathogenesis of HCC from EDNRB view.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Receptor de Endotelina B/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptor de Endotelina B/análise
17.
Oncol Lett ; 17(2): 1695-1713, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30675229

RESUMO

miR-15b-5p has frequently been reported to function as a biomarker in some malignancies; however, the function of miR-15b-5p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its molecular mechanism are still not well understood. The present study was designed to confirm the clinical value of miR-15b-5p and further explore its underlying molecular mechanism. A comprehensive investigation of the clinical value of miR-15b-5p in HCC was investigated by data mining The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets as well as literature. In addition, intersected target genes of miR-15b-5p were predicted using the miRWalk database and differentially expressed genes of HCC from TCGA. Furthermore, gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were carried out. Then, a protein-protein interaction network (PPI) was constructed to reveal the interactions between some hub target genes of miR-15b-5p. The miR-15b-5p expression level in HCC was predominantly overexpressed compared with non-HCC tissues samples (SMD=0.618, 95% CI: 0.207, 1.029; P<0.0001) based on 991 HCC and 456 adjacent non-HCC tissue samples. The pooled summary receiver operator characteristic (SROC) of miR-15b-5p was 0.81 (Q*=0.74), and the pooled sensitivity and specificity of miR-15b-5p in HCC were 72% (95% CI: 69-75%) and 68% (95% CI: 65-72%), respectively. Bioinformatically, 225 overlapping genes were selected as prospective target genes of miR-15b-5p in HCC, and profoundly enriched GO terms and KEGG pathway investigation in silico demonstrated that the target genes were associated with prostate cancer, proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation, heart trabecula formation, extracellular space, and interleukin-1 receptor activity. Five genes (ACACB, RIPK4, MAP2K1, TLR4 and IGF1) were defined as hub genes from the PPI network. The high expression of miR-15b-5p could play an essential part in hepatocarcinogenesis through diverse regulation approaches.

18.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 12(1): 1-20, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933717

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is a kind of malignant cancer that seriously threatens women's health. Research scientists have found that BC occurs as the result of multiple effects of the external environment and internal genetic changes. Cell cycle checkpoint kinase 1 (CHEK1) is a crucial speed limit point in the cell cycle. Alterations of CHEK1 have been found in various tumors but are rarely reported or verified in BC. By mining database information, a large amount of mRNA and protein data was collected and meta-analyzed. Also, in-house immunohistochemistry was carried out to validate the results of the CHEK1 expression levels. Relative clinical features of BC patients were calculated with the CHEK1 expression levels to determine their diagnostic value. The mRNA levels of CHEK1 were higher in 1,089 cases of BC tissues than in 291 cases of non-BC tissues. We observed that the mRNA levels of CHEK1 are related to the clinical stages of BC patients (P = 0.008) and are also significant for overall survival (HR = 1.6, P = 0.0081). Using the immunohistochemistry method, we calculated and confirmed, using Fisher's exact test (P < 0.001), that a high-level CHEK1 protein is exhibited in BC tissues. Overexpressed CHEK1 mRNA promotes the occurrence of BC. Also, up-regulated CHEK1 could serve as an independent risk biomarker in BC patients' prognoses.

19.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 12(7): 2817-2818, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256936

RESUMO

[This corrects the article on p. 5547 in vol. 11, PMID: 31949642.].

20.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(2): 1004-1015, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30569111

RESUMO

Gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) is a challenging disease with dim prognosis even after surgery; hence, novel treatments for GAC are in urgent need. The aim of the present study was to explore new potential compounds interfering with the key pathways related to GAC progression. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between GAC and adjacent tissues were identified from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype­Tissue Expression (GTEx) database. Connectivity Map (CMap) was performed to screen candidate compounds for treating GAC. Subsequently, pathways affected by compounds were overlapped with those enriched by the DEGs to further identify compounds which had anti­GAC potential. A total of 843 DEGs of GAC were identified. Via Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis, 13 pathways were significantly enriched. Moreover, 78 compounds with markedly negative correlations with DEGs were revealed in CMap database (P<0.05 and Enrichment <0). Subpathways of cell cycle and p53 signaling pathways, and core genes of these compounds, cyclin B1 (CCNB1) and CDC6, were identified. This study further revealed seven compounds that may be effective against GAC; in particular methylbenzethonium chloride and alexidine have never yet been reported for GAC treatment. In brief, the candidate drugs identified in this study may provide new options to improve the treatment of patients with GAC. However, the biological effects of these drugs need further investigation.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Ciclina B1/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Antineoplásicos/classificação , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Ciclina B1/metabolismo , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Farmacogenética/métodos , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
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