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1.
Oncol Lett ; 16(2): 2427-2433, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30013633

RESUMO

DNA-damage regulated autophagy modulator 1 (DRAM1) is known as a target of TP53-mediated autophagy, and has been reported to promote the migration and invasion abilities of glioblastoma stem cells. However, the precise contribution of DRAM1 to cancer cell invasion and migration, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, small interfering (si)RNA or short hairpin RNA mediated knockdown of DRAM1 was performed in hepatoblastoma cells and the migration and invasion abilities were detected in vitro and in vivo. To investigate the underlying mechanisms, western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression of autophagy-associated proteins and epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT)-associated markers. The results showed that DRAM1 knockdown by specific siRNA abrogated cell autophagy, as well as inhibited the migration and invasion of HepG2 cells in Transwell assays, which may be reversed by rapamycin treatment. In addition, DRAM1 knockdown increased the expression of E-Cadherin while decreased the expression of vimentin in HepG2 cells, which was also be reversed by rapamycin treatment. Taken together, these results suggest that DRAM1 is involved in the regulation of the migration and invasion of HepG2 cells via autophagy-EMT pathway.

2.
Chemistry ; 23(33): 7990-7996, 2017 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28326629

RESUMO

An unprecedented reversible dynamic transformation is reported in a metal-organic framework involving bond formation, which is accompanied by two important structural changes; achiral to chiral and two- to three-dimensions. Using two bent organic ligands (diimpym=4,6-di(1H-imidazol-1-yl)pyrimidine; H2 npta=5-nitroisophthalic acid) and CoII (NO3 )2 ⋅6 H2 O the coordination polymer Co(diimpym)(npta)⋅CH3 OH, (1⋅CH3 OH), was obtained solvothermally. Its structure consists of knitted pairs of square layers (44 -sql net) of five-coordinated Co and disordered methanol, and it crystallized in the achiral Pbca space group at room temperature. It undergoes a single crystal to single crystal (SC-SC) transformation to a 3D interpenetrated framework (α-polonium-type net, pcu) of six-coordinated Co and ordered methanol in the chiral P21 21 21 space group below 220 K. Most unusual is the dynamic temperature-dependent shortening of a Co⋅⋅⋅O connection from a non-bonded 2.640 Š(298 K) to a bonded 2.347 Šdistance (100 K) transforming the square pyramidal cobalt polyhedron to a distorted octahedron. The desolvated crystals (1) obtained at 480 K retain the full crystallinity and crystallize in the achiral Pbca space group between 100 and 298 K but the dynamic shortening of the Co⋅⋅⋅O distance connecting the layers into the 3D pcu framework structure is observed. Following post-synthetic insertion of ethanol (1⋅CH3 CH2 OH) it does not exhibit the transformation and retains the knitted 2D achiral Pbca structure for all temperatures (100-298 K) and the ethanol is always disordered. The structural analyses thus conclude that the ordering of the methanol induces the chirality while the available space controls the dynamic motion of the knitted 2D networks into the 3D interpenetrated framework. Consequently, 1 selectively adsorbs CO2 to N2 and exhibits Type-III isotherms indicating dynamic motion of the 2D networks to accommodate the CO2 at 273 and 298 K in contrast to the rigidity of the 3D framework at 77 K preventing N2 from penetrating the solid. The magnetic properties are also reported.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 55(10): 4757-63, 2016 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27110839

RESUMO

Two 3d-4d heteropolynuclear clusters with Ag-Zn ratios of 9:2 and 9:4 were stepwise constructed from a robust nonanuclear silver cluster. Their crystal structures consist of a common bucket-shaped [Ag9(mba)9](9-) (H2mba = 2-mercaptobenzoic acid) core with different numbers of Zn(II) connected by different exo-oriented carboxylates. Most fascinating is the observation of emission (∼703 nm) in the near-infrared (NIR) region at 300 K that may be compared to the related Ag9Zn3 cluster with aliphatic polyamine as auxiliary ligand that emits from the visible (∼580 nm). The shift is associated with the change of ligand field of the 2,2'-bipyridine. The emission intensity and lifetime were dramatically enhanced along with the slight bathochromic shift upon cooling from 300 K to 80 K. The results raise two significant issues: (a) the structural and electronic effects of the secondary metal binding to the metalloligand and the factors influencing the heteropolynuclear cluster assembly and (b) the use of NIR fluorescence, introduced by integrating two luminophores into one heteropolynuclear entity, in detecting free-moving zinc in biological systems both in vivo and in vitro.

4.
Chemistry ; 22(20): 6830-6, 2016 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27006096

RESUMO

Assembly of small clusters into rigid bodies with precise shape and symmetry has been witnessed by the significant advances in cluster-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), however, nanosized silver cluster based MOFs remain largely unexplored. Herein, two anion-templated silver clusters, CO3 @Ag20 and SO4 @Ag22 , were ingeniously incorporated into a 2D sql lattice (1, [CO3 @Ag20 (iPrS)10 (NO3 )8 (DMF)2 ]n ) and an unprecedented 3D two-fold interpenetrated dia network (2, [SO4 @Ag22 (iPrS)12 (NO3 )6 ⋅2 NO3 ]n ), respectively, under mild solvothermal conditions. Their atomically precise structures were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and further consolidated by IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and elemental analysis. Each drum-like CO3 @Ag20 cluster is extended by twelve NO3 (-) ions to form the 2D sql lattice of 1, whereas each ball-shaped SO4 @Ag22 cluster with a twisted truncated tetrahedral geometry is pillared by four [Ag6 (NO3 )3 ] triangular prisms to form the 3D interpenetrated dia network of 2. Notably, 2 is the first interpenetrated 3D MOF constructed from silver clusters. These results demonstrate the dual role of the anions, which not only internally act as anion templates to induce the formation of silver thiolate clusters but also externally extend the cluster units into the rigid networks. The photoluminescent and electrochemical properties of 2 are discussed in detail.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 39(23): 4680-4, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25911823

RESUMO

Clinical study of modified Ganmai Dazao decoction in the treatment of yang deficiency climacteric depression and observe the effects of modified Ganmai Dazao decoction on neuroendocrine system in patients with yang deficiency climacteric depression. 86 cases were randomly divided into treatment group treated with modified Ganmai Dazao decoction and control group treated with Deanxit. The curative effect was evaluated with Hamilton's depressive scale (HAMD) and pittsburgh sleep quality scale (PSQI) before and at the end of the two and four weeks of the treatment, the serum levels of serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE), estradiol (E2), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteotropic hormone (LH) were detected before and after the four weeks of the treatment The results showed that the total effective power of treatment group was 88.4% and the total effective power of control group was 81.4% after four weeks interference, with insignificant difference between the two groups. After two and four weeks of the treatment, the score of HAMD decreased remarkably in both groups (P < 0.01), with insignificant difference between the two groups in same phase. After two and four weeks of the treatment, the total score of PSQI decreased remarkably in both groups (P < 0.05), with significant difference between the two groups after four weeks (P < 0.01). After four weeks of treatment, the serum levels of 5-HT and NE increased (P < 0.01), with insignificant difference between the groups. After four weeks of treatment, the serum levels of E2 increased obviously (P < 0.05), the levels of FSH decreased obviously (P < 0.05), the levels of LH decreased insignificant, with insignificant difference between two groups. This study indicates that modified Ganmai Dazao decoction has obvious therapeutic effects in the treatment of climacteric depression, and showed equivalent efficacy with Deanxit, and modified Ganmai Dazao decoction has better effect on improving the sleep quality in patients than Deanxit, the effect of improved clinical symptoms may be through adjusted levels of 5-HT, NE, E2, FSH and LH of climacteric depression.


Assuntos
Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Menopausa/psicologia , Sistemas Neurossecretores/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Depressão/sangue , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Humanos , Menopausa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistemas Neurossecretores/metabolismo , Norepinefrina/sangue , Fitoterapia , Serotonina/sangue
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