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Environ Pollut ; 140(1): 29-42, 2006 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16150521


Extremely high total cadmium concentrations (average about 500 mg/kg) together with very small (average of 1.1 microg/l) dissolved available cadmium have been found in the more acidic deeper layers of the bottom sediments of the Brazilian Amazonian Guajará Estuary. The paper shows that climatic changes and the periodic input of the Atlantic waters into the Estuary appear to have no direct influence on annual average total cadmium concentration, but they affect accumulation, distribution and remobilization of cadmium in different ways during the rainy season (February/March) and the dry season (November/December). Even if only a very small part of the total Cd is available, the concentrations of dissolved Cd in the Estuary are still high enough to cause environmental concern, if compared with concentrations in natural freshwater ecosystems.

Cádmio/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Substâncias Perigosas/análise , Estações do Ano , Oceano Atlântico , Brasil , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Resíduos Industriais , Conceitos Meteorológicos , Rios/química , Movimentos da Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
Environ Pollut ; 110(3): 523-33, 2000 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15092831


The hydrographic basin of the Atoya river, located in the Department of Chinandega, one of the main cotton producing regions in Nicaragua, is intensively contaminated by pesticides. Samples of river waters and sediments, as well as strategically selected wells have been analyzed to study variations in the concentrations of organochlorine and organophosphorus pesticide residues between the dry season (November-April) and the rainy season (May-June). Generally, higher concentrations of pesticides have been detected in the river waters and sediments in the dry season. DDT, DDD, DDE compounds and toxaphene are the most frequent organochlorine residues found in the water and sediment samples, while endrin, aldrin, dieldrin and lindane are mainly found in the waters of rivers and wells. Organophosphorus compounds were rarely detected. However, residues of ethion, methyl-parathion and ethyl-parathion were found in high concentrations in some river and well water samples. Generally, organochlorine compounds tend to accumulate in the fine grain-size fractions, rich in organic matter, except DDE, which concentrates basically in the coarse grain-size fractions.