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1.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(5): e014940, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32079480

RESUMO

Background Noninvasive cardiac tests, including exercise treadmill tests (ETTs), are commonly utilized in the evaluation of patients in the emergency department with suspected acute coronary syndrome. However, there are ongoing debates on their clinical utility and cost-effectiveness. It is important to be able to use ETT results for research, but manual review is prohibitively time-consuming for large studies. We developed and validated an automated method to interpret ETT results from electronic health records. To demonstrate the algorithm's utility, we tested the associations between ETT results with 30-day patient outcomes in a large population. Methods and Results A retrospective analysis of adult emergency department encounters resulting in an ETT within 30 days was performed. A set of randomly selected reports were double-blind reviewed by 2 physicians to validate a natural language processing algorithm designed to categorize ETT results into normal, ischemic, nondiagnostic, and equivocal categories. Natural language processing then searched and categorized results of 5214 ETT reports. The natural language processing algorithm achieved 96.4% sensitivity and 94.8% specificity in identifying normal versus all other categories. The rates of 30-day death or acute myocardial infarction varied (P<0.001) by categories for normal (0.08%), ischemic (1.9%), nondiagnostic (0.77%), and equivocal (0.58%) groups achieving good discrimination (C-statistic, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.7-0.92). Conclusions Natural language processing is an accurate and efficient strategy to facilitate large-scale outcome studies of noninvasive cardiac tests. We found that most patients are at low risk and have normal ETT results, while those with abnormal, nondiagnostic, or equivocal results have slightly higher risks and warrant future investigation.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare Coronary Artery Disease Reporting and Data System (CAD-RADS) to traditional stenosis categories and the coronary artery calcium score (CACS) for predicting cardiovascular events in patients with stable chest pain and suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: The 2016 CAD-RADS has been established to standardize the reporting of CAD on coronary CT angiography (CTA). METHODS: PROMISE (Prospective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of Chest Pain) trial participants' CTAs were assessed by a central CT core laboratory for CACS, traditional stenosis-based categories, and modified CAD-RADS grade including high-risk coronary plaque (HRP) features. Traditional stenosis categories and CAD-RADS grade were compared for the prediction of the composite endpoint of death, myocardial infarction, or hospitalization for unstable angina over a median follow-up of 25 months. Incremental prognostic value over traditional risk factors and CACS was assessed. RESULTS: In 3,840 eligible patients (mean age: 60.4 ± 8.2 years; 49% men), 3.0% (115) experienced events. CAD-RADS (concordance statistic [C-statistic] 0.747) had significantly higher discriminatory value than traditional stenosis-based asessments (C-statistic 0.698 to 0.717; all p for comparison ≤0.001). With no plaque (CAD-RADS 0) as the baseline, the hazard ratio (HR) for an event increased from 2.43 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.16 to 5.08) for CAD-RADS 1 to 21.84 (95% CI: 8.63 to 55.26) for CAD-RADS 4b and 5. In stepwise nested models, CAD-RADS added incremental prognostic value beyond ASCVD risk score and CACS (C-statistic 0.776 vs. 0.682; p < 0.001), and added incremental value persisted in all CACS strata. CONCLUSIONS: These data from a large representative contemporary cohort of patients undergoing coronary CTA for stable chest pain support the prognostic value of CAD-RADS as a standard reporting system for coronary CTA.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Randomized trials have shown favorable clinical outcomes for coronary CT angiography (CTA) in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Our goal was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of coronary CTA as compared to alternative management strategies for ACP patients over lifetime. METHODS: Markov microsimulation model was developed to compare cost-effectiveness of competitive strategies for ACP patients: 1) coronary CTA, 2) standard of care (SOC), 3) AHA/ACC Guidelines, and 4) expedited emergency department (ED) discharge protocol with outpatient testing. ROMICAT-II trial was used to populate the model with low to intermediate risk of ACS patient data, whereas diagnostic test-, treatment effect-, morbidity/mortality-, quality of life- and cost data were obtained from the literature. We predicted test utilization, costs, 1-, 3-, 10-year and over lifetime cardiovascular morbidity/mortality for each strategy. We determined quality adjusted life years (QALY) and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio. Observed outcomes in ROMICAT-II were used to validate the short-term model. RESULTS: Estimated short-term outcomes accurately reflected observed outcomes in ROMICAT-II as coronary CTA was associated with higher costs ($4,490 vs. $2,513-$4,144) and revascularization rates (5.2% vs. 2.6%-3.7%) compared to alternative strategies. Over lifetime, coronary CTA dominated SOC and ACC/AHA Guidelines and was cost-effective compared to expedited ED protocol ($49,428/QALY). This was driven by lower cardiovascular mortality (coronary CTA vs. expedited discharge: 3-year: 1.04% vs. 1.10-1.17; 10-year: 5.06% vs. 5.21-5.36%; respectively). CONCLUSION: Coronary CTA in patients with suspected ACS renders affordable long-term health benefits as compared to alternative strategies.

6.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 32(7): 817-825, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microvascular dysfunction (MVD) is a potential cause of chest pain in younger individuals. The authors hypothesized that nonelderly patients referred for computed tomographic angiography (CTA) but without significant stenosis would have a high prevalence of MVD by myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). Secondary aims were to test whether the presence of nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) or reduced brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) predicted MVD. METHODS: Subjects ≤60 years of age undergoing CTA were recruited if they had either no evidence of coronary plaque or evidence of mild CAD (<50% stenosis) and at least one high-risk plaque feature. Subjects underwent quantitative perfusion imaging using MCE at rest and during regadenoson vasodilator stress. MVD was defined as global or segmental delay of microvascular refill (≥2 sec) during regadenoson. FMD of the brachial artery was also performed. RESULTS: Of the 29 patients in whom MCE could be performed, 12 (41%) had MVD. These subjects, compared with those with normal microvascular function, had lower hyperemic perfusion (mean, 236 ± 68 vs 354 ± 161 intensity units/sec; P = .02) and microvascular flux rate (mean, 1.6 ± 0.4 vs 2.5 ± 0.9 sec-1; P = .002) on quantitative MCE. The degree of FMD was not significantly different in those with or without MVD (mean, 11 ± 4% vs 9 ± 4%; P = .32), and there was a poor correlation between results on stress MCE and FMD. Only eight of the 29 subjects were classified as having nonobstructive CAD. There were no groupwise differences in the prevalence of MVD function in those with versus without CAD (43% vs 38% for negative and positive findings on CTA, respectively, P = .79). CONCLUSIONS: MVD is a common finding in the nonelderly population referred for CTA for evaluation of possible CAD but without obstructive stenosis. Neither the presence of noncritical atherosclerotic disease nor abnormal FMD increases the likelihood for detecting MVD in this population.

7.
J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr ; 13(4): 196-202, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-invasive fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) derived from coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) permits hemodynamic evaluation of coronary stenosis and may improve efficiency of assessment in stable chest pain patients. We determined feasibility of FFRCT in the population of acute chest pain patients and assessed the relationship of FFRCT with outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and revascularization and with plaque characteristics. METHODS: We included 68 patients (mean age 55.8 ±â€¯8.4 years, 71% men) from the ROMICAT II trial who had ≥50% stenosis on coronary CTA or underwent additional non-invasive stress test. We evaluated coronary stenosis and high-risk plaque on coronary CTA. FFRCT was measured in a core laboratory. RESULTS: We found correlation between anatomic severity of stenosis and FFRCT ≤0.80 vs. FFRCT >0.80 (severe stenosis 84.8% vs. 15.2%; moderate stenosis 33.3% vs. 66.7%; mild stenosis 33.3% vs. 66.7% patients). Patients with severe stenosis had lower FFRCT values (median 0.64, 25th-75th percentile 0.50-0.75) as compared to patients with moderate (median 0.84, 25th-75th percentile, p < 0.001) or mild stenosis (median 0.86, 25th-75th percentile 0.78-0.88, p < 0.001). The relative risk of ACS and revascularization in patients with positive FFRCT ≤0.80 was 4.03 (95% CI 1.56-10.36) and 3.50 (95% CI 1.12-10.96), respectively. FFRCT ≤0.80 was associated with the presence of high-risk plaque (odds ratio 3.91, 95% CI 1.55-9.85, p = 0.004) after adjustment for stenosis severity. CONCLUSION: Abnormal FFRCT was associated with the presence of ACS, coronary revascularization, and high-risk plaque. FFRCT measurements correlated with anatomic severity of stenosis on coronary CTA and were feasible in population of patients with acute chest pain.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Angina Pectoris/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Angina Pectoris/fisiopatologia , Angina Pectoris/terapia , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
8.
Curr Treat Options Oncol ; 20(6): 47, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056717

RESUMO

OPINION STATEMENT: The increased risk for cardiovascular events in aging cancer survivors and those undergoing certain chemotherapeutic treatments has raised concern for more rigorous screening and surveillance methods above that of the general population. At this time, there are limited guidelines for how to best manage this vulnerable cohort. Questions regarding timing of screening, choice of imaging modality and risk reduction strategies-especially in those patients with known atherosclerotic disease-remain to be elucidated. Over a decade of case series, retrospective studies and clinical trials have shed light on the evolving role of cardiac computed tomography (CT) in this population, of which there is a relative paucity of data regarding its potential utility in the specific cardio-oncology population. Focusing on ability of cardiac CT to evaluate multiple cardiac and vascular structures, provide diagnostic and prognostic information, as well as assist interventional and surgical colleagues in surgical/percutaneous valve replacement and revascularization strategies is the premise for this review.

9.
J Am Coll Radiol ; 16(5S): S174-S183, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054743

RESUMO

A broad range of nonatherosclerotic diseases affect the peripheral arteries. The appropriate initial diagnostic imaging studies vary, depending upon the clinical presentation and suspicion of disease. Accurate vascular imaging relies upon visualization of the vessel lumen, vessel wall, and surrounding soft-tissue structures, with some modalities also offering the ability to characterize blood flow direction and velocity. Furthermore, nonvascular findings are often paramount in supporting a suspected clinical syndrome or guiding surgical management. The scenarios discussed in this document include the initial evaluation of suspected popliteal entrapment syndrome, external iliac artery endofibrosis, lower-extremity inflammatory vasculitides, dissection or connective tissue disease, noninflammatory vascular disease, and vascular trauma. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

10.
Eur Radiol ; 29(11): 6140-6148, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between directly measured density and morphology of coronary artery calcium (CAC) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, using computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Framingham Heart Study (FHS) participants with CAC in noncontrast cardiac CT (2002-2005) were included and followed until 2016. Participants with known CVD or uninterpretable CT scans were excluded. We assessed and correlated (Spearman) CAC density, CAC volume, and the number of calcified segments. Moreover, we counted morphology features including shape (cylindrical, spherical, semi-tubular, and spotty), location (bifurcation, facing pericardium, or facing myocardium), and boundary regularity. In multivariate Cox regression analyses, we associated all CAC characteristics with CVD events (CVD-death, myocardial infarction, stroke). RESULTS: Among 1330 included participants (57.8 ± 11.7 years; 63% male), 73 (5.5%) experienced CVD events in a median follow-up of 9.1 (7.8-10.1) years. CAC density correlated strongly with CAC volume (Spearman's ρ = 0.75; p < 0.001) and lower number of calcified segments (ρ = - 0.86; p < 0.001; controlled for CAC volume). In the survival analysis, CAC density was associated with CVD events independent of Framingham risk score (HR (per SD) = 2.09; 95%CI, 1.30-3.34; p = 0.002) but not after adjustment for CAC volume (p = 0.648). The extent of spherically shaped and pericardially sided calcifications was associated with fewer CVD events accounting for the number of calcified segments (HR (per count) = 0.55; 95%CI, 0.31-0.98; p = 0.042 and HR = 0.66; 95%CI, 0.45-0.98; p = 0.039, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Directly measured CAC density does not predict CVD events due to the strong correlation with CAC volume. The spherical shape and pericardial-sided location of CAC are associated with fewer CVD events and may represent morphological features related to stable coronary plaques. KEY POINTS: • Coronary calcium density may not be independently associated with cardiovascular events. • Coronary calcium density correlates strongly with calcium volume. • Spherical shape and pericardial-sided location of CAC are associated with fewer CVD events.


Assuntos
Cálcio/metabolismo , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Ann Emerg Med ; 74(2): 216-223, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955986

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Professional guidelines recommend 72-hour cardiac stress testing after an emergency department (ED) evaluation for possible acute coronary syndrome. There are limited data on actual compliance rates and effect on patient outcomes. Our aim is to describe rates of completion of noninvasive cardiac stress testing and associated 30-day major adverse cardiac events. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of ED encounters from June 2015 to June 2017 across 13 community EDs within an integrated health system in Southern California. The study population included all adults with a chest pain diagnosis, troponin value, and discharge with an order for an outpatient cardiac stress test. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients who completed an outpatient stress test within the recommended 3 days, 4 to 30 days, or not at all. Secondary analysis described the 30-day incidence of major adverse cardiac events. RESULTS: During the study period, 24,459 patients presented with a chest pain evaluation requiring troponin analysis and stress test ordering from the ED. Of these, we studied the 7,988 patients who were discharged home to complete diagnostic testing, having been deemed appropriate by the treating clinicians for an outpatient stress test. The stress test completion rate was 31.3% within 3 days and 58.7% between 4 and 30 days, and 10.0% of patients did not complete the ordered test. The 30-day rates of major adverse cardiac events were low (death 0.0%, acute myocardial infarction 0.7%, and revascularization 0.3%). Rapid receipt of stress testing was not associated with improved 30-day major adverse cardiac events (odds ratio 0.92; 95% confidence interval 0.55 to 1.54). CONCLUSION: Less than one third of patients completed outpatient stress testing within the guideline-recommended 3 days after initial evaluation. More important, the low adverse event rates suggest that selective outpatient stress testing is safe. In this cohort of patients selected for outpatient cardiac stress testing in a well-integrated health system, there does not appear to be any associated benefit of stress testing within 3 days, nor within 30 days, compared with those who never received testing at all. The lack of benefit of obtaining timely testing, in combination with low rates of objective adverse events, may warrant reassessment of the current guidelines.

13.
Ann Emerg Med ; 74(2): 171-180, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797573

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe the association of implementing a History, ECG, Age, Risk Factors, and Troponin (HEART) care pathway on use of hospital care and noninvasive stress testing, as well as 30-day patient outcomes in community emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: We performed a prospective interrupted-time-series study of adult encounters for patients evaluated for suspected acute coronary syndrome. The primary outcome was hospitalization or observation, noninvasive stress testing, or both within 30 days. The secondary outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality or acute myocardial infarction. A generalized estimating equation segmented logistic regression model was used to compare the odds of the primary outcome before and after HEART implementation. All models were adjusted for patient and facility characteristics and fit with physicians as a clustering variable. RESULTS: A total of 65,393 ED encounters (before, 30,522; after, 34,871) were included in the study. Overall, 33.5% (before, 35.5%; after, 31.8%) of ED chest pain encounters resulted in hospitalization or observation, noninvasive stress testing, or both. Primary adjusted results found a significant decrease in the primary outcome postimplementation (odds ratio 0.984; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.974 to 0.995). This resulted in an absolute adjusted month-to-month decrease of 4.39% (95% CI 3.72% to 5.07%) after 12 months' follow-up, with a continued trend downward. There was no difference in 30-day mortality or myocardial infarction (0.6% [before] versus 0.6% [after]; odds ratio 1.02; 95% CI 0.97 to 1.08). CONCLUSION: Implementation of a HEART pathway in the ED evaluation of patients with chest pain resulted in less inpatient care and noninvasive cardiac testing and was safe. Using HEART to risk stratify chest pain patients can improve the efficiency and quality of care.

14.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(3): 251-260, 2019 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30678753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evaluation of stable symptomatic outpatients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) may be challenging because they have a wide range of cardiovascular risk. The role of troponin testing to assist clinical decision making in this setting is unexplored. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the prognostic meaning of single-molecule counting high-sensitivity troponin I (hsTnI) (normal range <6 ng/l) among outpatients with stable chest symptoms and suspected CAD. METHODS: Participants with available blood samples in PROMISE (Prospective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of Chest Pain) were studied, and hsTnI results were analyzed relative to the primary outcome of death, acute myocardial infarction (MI), or hospitalization for unstable angina by 1 year. The secondary outcome was the composite of cardiovascular death or acute MI. RESULTS: The study sample consisted of 4,021 participants; 98.6% had measurable hsTnI concentrations. The median hsTnI value was 1.6 ng/l. In upper hsTnI quartiles, patients had higher-risk clinical profiles. Higher hsTnI concentrations were associated with greater event probabilities for death, acute MI, or hospitalization for unstable angina. In multivariable models, hsTnI concentrations independently predicted death, acute MI, or hospitalization for unstable angina (hazard ratio: 1.54 per increase in log-hsTnI interquartile range; p < 0.001) and cardiovascular death or acute MI (hazard ratio: 1.52 per increase in log-hsTnI interquartile range; p < 0.001) and were particularly associated with near-term events, compared with longer follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In symptomatic outpatients with suspected CAD, higher concentrations of hsTnI within the normal range were associated with heightened near-term risk for death, acute MI, or hospitalization. (Prospective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of Chest Pain [PROMISE]; NCT01174550).


Assuntos
Angina Estável/sangue , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Angina Estável/mortalidade , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , América do Norte/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 12(6): 1047-1055, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29550314

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine associations between concentrations of high-sensitivity troponin I (hsTnI) (measured by using a single-molecule counting method) and obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in 1,844 stable, symptomatic outpatients with suspected CAD randomized to undergo coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the PROMISE (Prospective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of Chest Pain) trial. BACKGROUND: Elevated concentrations of hsTnI are associated with CAD in patients with myocardial infarction. The meaning of hsTnI concentrations in stable symptomatic outpatients is not well understood. METHODS: Clinical characteristics and CTA results (including coronary artery calcium [CAC] scores) were expressed across hsTnI quartiles. Determinants of hsTnI concentration were identified. Multivariable logistic regression identified independent predictors of obstructive CAD50 (≥50% stenosis in any vessel) and CAD70 (≥70% stenosis or ≥50% left main). RESULTS: The median hsTnI concentration was 1.5 ng/l; nearly all (98.5%) subjects had measurable hsTnI, and 6.1% had concentrations ≥99th percentile concentration for this assay (6 ng/l). Higher CAC scores, as well as more prevalent and diffuse CAD, was seen in upper hsTnI quartiles (all p < 0.001). Independent predictors of hsTnI concentrations included age, sex, and CAC score (all p < 0.05). After adjusting for demographic and clinical characteristics, log-transformed hsTnI concentrations were associated with obstructive CAD50 (odds ratio: 1.15 per interquartile range; p = 0.02) and CAD70 (odds ratio: 1.25 per interquartile range; p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In stable symptomatic outpatients undergoing nonemergent coronary CTA for the diagnosis of suspected CAD, higher concentrations of hsTnI were associated with increasing presence and severity of coronary atherosclerosis. (Prospective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of Chest Pain [PROMISE]; NCT01174550).

16.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 20(5): 574-581, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30520944

RESUMO

AIMS: To update pretest probabilities (PTP) for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD ≥ 50%) across age, sex, and clinical symptom strata, using coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) in a large contemporary population of patients with stable chest pain referred to non-invasive testing. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included patients enrolled in the Prospective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of Chest Pain (PROMISE) trial and randomized to CTA. Exclusively level III-certified readers, blinded to demographic and clinical data, assessed the prevalence of CAD ≥ 50% in a central core lab. After comparing the recent European Society of Cardiology-Diamond and Forrester PTP (ESC-DF) with the actual observed prevalence of CAD ≥ 50%, we created a new PTP set by replacing the ESC-DF PTP with the observed prevalence of CAD ≥ 50% across strata of age, sex, and type of angina. In 4415 patients (48.3% men; 60.5 ± 8.2 years; 78% atypical angina; 11% typical angina; 11% non-anginal chest pain), the observed prevalence of CAD ≥ 50% was 13.9%, only one-third of the average ESC-DF PTP (40.6; P < 0.001 for difference). The PTP in the new set ranged 2-48% and were consistently lower than the ESC-DF PTP across all age, sex, and angina type categories. Initially, 4284/4415 (97%) patients were classified as intermediate-probability by the ESC-DF (PTP 15-85%); using the PROMISE-PTP, 50.2% of these patients were reclassified to the low PTP category (PTP < 15%). CONCLUSION: The ESC-DF PTP overestimate vastly the actual prevalence of CAD ≥ 50%. A new set of PTP, derived from results of non-invasive testing, may substantially reduce the need for non-invasive tests in stable chest pain.

17.
J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr ; 12(6): 451-466, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30392926

RESUMO

This expert consensus statement from the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) provides an evidence synthesis on the use of computed tomography (CT) imaging for diagnosis and risk stratification of coronary artery disease in women. From large patient and population cohorts of asymptomatic women, detection of any coronary artery calcium that identifies females with a 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk of >7.5% may more effectively triage women who may benefit from pharmacologic therapy. In addition to accurate detection of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), CT angiography (CTA) identifies nonobstructive atherosclerotic plaque extent and composition which is otherwise not detected by alternative stress testing modalities. Moreover, CTA has superior risk stratification when compared to stress testing in symptomatic women with stable chest pain (or equivalent) symptoms. For the evaluation of symptomatic women both in the emergency department and the outpatient setting, there is abundant evidence from large observational registries and multi-center randomized trials, that CT imaging is an effective procedure. Although radiation doses are far less for CT when compared to nuclear imaging, radiation dose reduction strategies should be applied in all women undergoing CT imaging. Effective and appropriate use of CT imaging can provide the means for improved detection of at-risk women and thereby focus preventive management resulting in long-term risk reduction and improved clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/normas , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Saúde da Mulher/normas , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/efeitos adversos , Consenso , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Prognóstico , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
18.
J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr ; 12(6): 523-528, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30292790

RESUMO

The 13th Annual Scientific Meeting of the SCCT, held from July 13 to July 15 in Dallas, TX, was attended by 690 attendees from 39 countries, 55 sessions with 140 speakers, and 18 exhibitors with the abstracts of all scientific posters published in the Journal of the Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. This article summarizes the many themes and topics of presentation and discussion in this meeting, and the many technical advances that are likely to impact future clinical practice in cardiac computed tomography and feature in future meetings.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Sociedades Médicas , Animais , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias/terapia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico
20.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 11(8): e007657, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354493

RESUMO

Background High-risk plaque (HRP) features as detected by coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) predict acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We sought to determine whether coronary CTA-specific definitions of HRP improve discrimination of patients with ACS as compared with definitions from intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Methods and Results In patients with suspected ACS, randomized to coronary CTA in the ROMICAT II (Rule Out Myocardial Infarction/Ischemia Using Computer Assisted Tomography II) trial, we retrospectively performed semiautomated quantitative analysis of HRP (including remodeling index, plaque burden as derived by plaque area, low computed tomography attenuation plaque volume) and degree of luminal stenosis and analyzed the performance of traditional IVUS thresholds to detect ACS. Furthermore, we derived CTA-specific thresholds in patients with ACS to detect culprit lesions and applied those to all patients to calculate the discriminatory ability to detect ACS in comparison to IVUS thresholds. Of 472 patients, 255 patients (56±7.8 years; 63% men) had coronary plaque. In 32 patients (6.8%) with ACS, culprit plaques (n=35) differed from nonculprit plaques (n=172) with significantly greater values for all HRP features except minimal luminal area (significantly lower; all P<0.01). IVUS definitions showed good performance while minimal luminal area (odds ratio: 6.82; P=0.014) and plaque burden (odds ratio: 5.71; P=0.008) were independently associated with ACS but not remodeling index (odds ratio: 0.78; P=0.673). Optimized CTA-specific thresholds for plaque burden (area under the curve: 0.832 versus 0.676) and degree of stenosis (area under the curve: 0.826 versus 0.721) showed significantly higher diagnostic performance for ACS as compared with IVUS-based thresholds (all P<0.05) with borderline significance for minimal luminal area (area under the curve: 0.817 versus 0.742; P=0.066). Conclusions CTA-specific definitions of HRP features may improve the discrimination of patients with ACS as compared with IVUS-based definitions. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT01084239.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Placa Aterosclerótica , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/patologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/patologia , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Estados Unidos , Remodelação Vascular
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