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1.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474500

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the differences between rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-interstitial lung disease (ILD) patients and RA patients without ILD in severity markers and disease activity and to identify factors associated with the presence of ILD in RA patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients: RA-ILD patients selected from a multicentre cohort in Andalusia, Spain. CONTROLS: RA-patients without ILD paired by sex, age and disease duration. PROTOCOL: RA patients are reviewed every 3-6months in rheumatology consultation. All patients are reviewed according to a predetermined protocol with systematic data collection. OUTCOMES: description of ILD type, differences in severity markers and disease activity in both groups. Other variables: ILD type by imaging technique (HRCT): nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP)/usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). Lung function by PTF. Activity and severity markers of arthritis by DAS28-ESR, HAQ, RF, ACPA and erosions. Treatment with DMARD. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: descriptive and paired T-test or Chi-square test followed by binary logistic regression (DV: ILD in patients with RA). RESULTS: Eighty-two patients were included, 41 RA-ILD and 41 RA controls. RF and ACPA positivity, serositis and osteoporosis were more frequent in RA-ILD patients. No significant differences in DAS28 were observed (P=.145) between RA-ILD and RA control patients. RA-ILD patients presented worse HAQ scores (P=.006). All patients were treated with disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). The risk of developing ILD in RA patients is tripled by a history of smoking or the presence of erosive arthritis (R2=.36). CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study support the higher frequency of UIP and NSIP in RA patients. DLCO is the most sensitive parameter to detect ILD in RA patients. Our study showed that ILD in RA patients was associated with RA severity (presence of erosions and ACPA) and with a history of smoking.

2.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1459, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312201

RESUMO

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most frequent autoimmune disease involving the joints. Although anti-TNF therapies have proven effective in the management of RA, approximately one third of patients do not show a significant clinical response. The objective of this study was to identify new genetic variation associated with the clinical response to anti-TNF therapy in RA. Methods: We performed a sequential multi-omic analysis integrating different sources of molecular information. First, we extracted the RNA from synovial biopsies of 11 RA patients starting anti-TNF therapy to identify gene coexpression modules (GCMs) in the RA synovium. Second, we analyzed the transcriptomic association between each GCM and the clinical response to anti-TNF therapy. The clinical response was determined at week 14 using the EULAR criteria. Third, we analyzed the association between the GCMs and anti-TNF response at the genetic level. For this objective, we used genome-wide data from a cohort of 348 anti-TNF treated patients from Spain. The GCMs that were significantly associated with the anti-TNF response were then tested for validation in an independent cohort of 2,706 anti-TNF treated patients. Finally, the functional implication of the validated GCMs was evaluated via pathway and cell type epigenetic enrichment analyses. Results: A total of 149 GCMs were identified in the RA synovium. From these, 13 GCMs were found to be significantly associated with anti-TNF response (P < 0.05). At the genetic level, we detected two of the 13 GCMs to be significantly associated with the response to adalimumab (P = 0.0015) and infliximab (P = 0.021) in the Spain cohort. Using the independent cohort of RA patients, we replicated the association of the GCM associated with the response to adalimumab (P = 0.0019). The validated module was found to be significantly enriched for genes involved in the nucleotide metabolism (P = 2.41e-5) and epigenetic marks from immune cells, including CD4+ regulatory T cells (P = 0.041). Conclusions: These findings show the existence of a drug-specific genetic basis for anti-TNF response, thereby supporting treatment stratification in the search for response biomarkers in RA.

3.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(3): 173-178, mayo-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3385

RESUMO

Objetivo: Revisar la eficacia y seguridad del rituximab en neuropatía vasculítica (NV). Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en la literatura de Medline y Embase hasta 2017. Los términos incluidos guardaron relación con «vasculitis», «neuropatía vasculítica» y «rituximab». Dicha búsqueda fue realizada por 2 revisores. El resultado principal fue la eficacia del rituximab. Resultados: Tras seleccionar inicialmente 702 artículos, 5 de ellos permanecieron con un nivel de evidencia de entre 1+ y 3, y un grado de recomendación variable. En el único ensayo clínico incluido, el rituximab fue superior a la terapia convencional para vasculitis crioglobulinémica, mostrando NV un incremento en la tasa de retención farmacológica (64,3 vs. 3,5%; p<0,001) y una menor tasa de efectos adversos graves (0,12 vs. 0,48). Los estudios de cohortes de pacientes con vasculitis crioglobulinémica incluyeron una mejora probada y una remisión completa/parcial de NV. En una serie de 5 casos de EGPA refractaria con NV, el 60% y el 20% de los pacientes lograron una remisión completa y parcial, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Rituximab parece ser un tratamiento eficaz y seguro para NV, en el contexto de vasculitis crioglobulinémica. Se carece de evidencia sobre la eficacia específica de NV en el contexto de otras vasculitis


Objective: To review the efficacy and safety of rituximab in vasculitic neuropathy (VN). Methods: A literature search was performed on Medline and Embase up until 2017. It included terms related to "vasculitis","vasculitic neuropathy" and "Rituximab". Research was carried out by two reviewers. The main outcome was rituximab efficacy. Results: Of an initial selection of 702 articles, 5 remained with a level of evidence between 1+ and 3 and variable recommendation degree. In the only clinical trial included, rituximab was superior to conventional therapy for cryoglobulinemic vasculitis with VN showing an increase in drug retention rate (64.3% vs. 3.5%; P<.001)and with a lower rate of serious adverse effects (.12 vs. .48). Cohort studies of patients with cryoglobulinemic vasculitis showed improvement and complete/partial remission of VN. In a series of 5 cases of refractory EGPA suffering from VN, 60% and 20% of patients achieved complete and partial remission respectively. Conclusions: Rituximab seems an effective and safe treatment for VN in the context of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis. Evidence for specific efficacy in VN in the context of other types of vasculitis is lacking

4.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of bacteremia in a large multicentric cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and their clinical characteristics and to identify risk factors. METHODS: All bacteremic episodes from the Spanish RELESSER registry were included. Clinical and laboratory characteristics concerning bacteremia and SLE status, as well as comorbidities at the time of infection, were retrospectively collected. A comparison with sex- and age-matched SLE controls without bacteremia was made. A logistic regression was conducted. RESULTS: The study included 114 episodes of bacteremia in 83 patients. The incidence rate was 2.7/1000 patient-years. At the time of bacteremia, the median age was 40.5 (range: 8-90) years, and 88.6% of patients were female. The Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index was 4 [interquartile range (IQR) 8]; 41% had an SLE flare (66% severe); Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index was 3 (IQR 4). A comorbidity was recorded in 64% of cases. At the time of bacteremia, 88.6% received corticosteroids (68.6% > 10 mg/day) and 57% immunosuppressors. Gram-negative bacilli, most frequently Escherichia coli (29.8%), caused 52.6% of the episodes. The bacteremia-related mortality was 14% and bacteremia was recurrent in 27.2% of cases. A dose-response relationship was found between corticosteroids and bacteremia risk. In the multivariate analysis, these factors were associated with bacteremia: elevated creatinine (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.01-1.70; p = 0.045), diabetes (OR 6.01, 95% CI 2.26-15.95; p < 0.001), cancer (OR 5.32, 95% CI 2.23-12.70; p < 0.001), immunosuppressors (OR 6.35, 95% CI 3.42-11.77; p < 0.001), and damage (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.31-2.09; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Bacteremia occurred mostly in patients with active SLE and was frequently associated with severe flares and corticosteroid use. Recurrence and mortality were high. Immunosuppressors, comorbidities, and disease-related damage were associated with bacteremia.

5.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(2): 102-108, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3371

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). Methods: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. Results: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. Conclusions: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal


Objetivos: Describir la prevalencia de comorbilidades en pacientes con AR en España y discutir sobre su manejo en la clínica diaria utilizando los datos de la cohorte española del estudio internacional COMORA. Métodos: Subanálisis nacional del estudio COMORA en el que se analizaron las características demográficas y clínicas de 200 pacientes con AR (1987 ACR) y las prácticas rutinarias para el cribado y la prevención de eventos cardiovasculares (CV), gastrointestinales y pulmonares, infecciones, cáncer, osteoporosis y depresión. Resultados: Los pacientes tenían una edad media de 58 años, una duración media de la enfermedad de 10 años, un DAS28 de 3,3 y el 25% estaba en remisión (DAS28 <2,6). El 22% de los pacientes presentaba al menos una comorbilidad, principalmente depresión (27%) y obesidad (26%). El 5% tenía historia de infarto de miocardio, el 1% de ictus y el 6% de tumor sólido. Una puntuación de Framingham >20% (51%), tener hipercolesterolemia (46%), hipertensión (41%) y fumar (25%) fueron los factores de riesgo CV más comunes. En relación con el cáncer de próstata, colon y piel, solo el 9, 10 y el 18% de los pacientes, respectivamente, estaban óptimamente controlados. Las infecciones tampoco se manejaban de forma óptima, con solo el 7 y el 17% de los pacientes vacunados contra la influenza y neumococo, respectivamente, al igual que la osteoporosis, con el 47% suplementados con la vitamina D y el 56% con una densitometría realizada. Conclusiones: En España, la prevalencia de comorbilidades y factores de riesgo CV en pacientes con AR establecida y avanzada es relativamente alta, y su manejo en la clínica diaria continúa siendo subóptimo

6.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(1): 21-26, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-176073

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad y la seguridad de tocilizumab (TCZ) en pacientes con artritis reumatoide (AR) en práctica clínica; la optimización de dosis y el cambio de formulación intravenosa (iv) a subcutánea (sc). Material y métodos: Estudio observacional retrospectivo. Se incluyó a 53 pacientes con AR tratados con TCZ. El desenlace principal fue efectividad de TCZ en la semana 24. Variables de desenlace secundarias incluyeron: efectividad en la semana 52, tiempo de retención del tratamiento, función física y seguridad. También se midió efectividad de la optimización de dosis y del cambio de formulación iv a sc a los 3 y 6 meses. La efectividad se midió con el índice de actividad según el Disease activity score-28. Se usó la prueba T pareada o prueba de rangos con signos de Wilcoxon para evaluar efectividad y el tiempo de supervivencia mediante curvas de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: La proporción de pacientes que alcanzaron la remisión o baja actividad de la enfermedad en las semanas 24 y 52 fue del 75,5 y el 87,3%, respectivamente. La media de tiempo de retención (intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC del 95%]) fue de 81,7 meses (76,6-86,7). Veintiuno de 53 pacientes (39,6%) optimizaron la dosis de TCZ y 35 pacientes cambiaron a TCZ sc desde iv, sin cambios en resultados de efectividad. La tasa de efectos adversos fue 13,6 eventos/100 pacientes-año. Conclusiones: Tocilizumab parece efectivo y seguro en AR en práctica clínica. La reducción de dosis parece efectiva en la mayoría de los pacientes en remisión, incluso cuando cambian de iv a sc


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical practice, establishing the optimized regimen and switching from intravenous (IV) to subcutaneous (SC) therapy. Material and methods: Retrospective observational study. We included 53 RA patients treated with TCZ. The main outcome was TCZ effectiveness at week 24. Secondary outcome variables included effectiveness at week 52, therapeutic maintenance, physical function and safety. The effectiveness of optimization and the switch from IV to SC was evaluated at 3 and 6 months. The efficacy was measured with the Disease Activity Score. Paired t-tests or Wilcoxon were used to evaluate effectiveness and survival time using Kaplan-Meier. Results: The proportion of patients who achieved remission or low disease activity at weeks 24 and 52 was 75.5% and 87.3%, respectively. The mean retention time (95% confidence interval [95% CI] was 81.7 months [76.6-86.7]). Twenty-one of 53 patients (39.6%) optimized the TCZ dose and 35 patients switched from IV TCZ to SC, with no changes in effectiveness. The adverse event rate was 13.6 events/100 patient-years. Conclusions: Tocilizumab appears to be effective and safe in RA in clinical practice. The optimized regimen appears to be effective in most patients in remission, even when they change from IV to SC


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Biológica/métodos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Segurança do Paciente , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Injeções Intravenosas , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem
7.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30704919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the therapeutic management of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) and Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) in patients initiating treatment with biological agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational, retrospective, longitudinal study in 33 Spanish hospitals. Patients with RA, PsA and AS starting treatment with biological agents between September 2009 and August 2010 and a follow-up longer than 3 years were included. Clinical-demographic characteristics, drugs, biological therapy survival, and reasons for discontinuation or switching were analyzed. RESULTS: Four hundred and sixty-three patients were included (183 RA, 119 PsA and 161 AS), with a mean follow-up of 3.8 years. At the end of follow-up, a high proportion continued with the first biological prescribed (41.0% of RA, 59.7% of PsA and 51.6% of AS), 31.1%, 47.9% and 42.9% of RA, PsA and AS patients requiring dosage adjustments, respectively. There was temporary discontinuation in 8.2%, 8.4% and 15.5% of patients, and a switch of biologic agent was required in 37.7%, 26.1% and 24.2%. Definitive discontinuation occurred in 13.1%, 5.9% and 8.7% of RA, PsA and AS patients, respectively. Mean time to discontinuation or switching was 30.1 months for RA and 35.7 months for PsA and AS. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that, in practice, half of patients with RA and two thirds with PsA or AS maintained the first biological, but with frequent dose adjustments.

8.
Reumatol Clin ; 15(3): 173-178, 2019 May - Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy and safety of rituximab in vasculitic neuropathy (VN) METHODS: A literature search was performed on Medline and Embase up until 2017. It included terms related to "vasculitis","vasculitic neuropathy" and "Rituximab". Research was carried out by two reviewers. The main outcome was rituximab efficacy. RESULTS: Of an initial selection of 702 articles, 5 remained with a level of evidence between 1+ and 3 and variable recommendation degree. In the only clinical trial included, rituximab was superior to conventional therapy for cryoglobulinemic vasculitis with VN showing an increase in drug retention rate (64.3% vs. 3.5%; P<.001)and with a lower rate of serious adverse effects (.12 vs. .48). Cohort studies of patients with cryoglobulinemic vasculitis showed improvement and complete/partial remission of VN. In a series of 5 cases of refractory EGPA suffering from VN, 60% and 20% of patients achieved complete and partial remission respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Rituximab seems an effective and safe treatment for VN in the context of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis. Evidence for specific efficacy in VN in the context of other types of vasculitis is lacking.

9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(3)2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis affecting up to 30% of patients with psoriasis (Ps). To date, most of the known risk loci for PsA are shared with Ps, and identifying disease-specific variation has proven very challenging. The objective of the present study was to identify genetic variation specific for PsA. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study in a cohort of 835 patients with PsA and 1558 controls from Spain. Genetic association was tested at the single marker level and at the pathway level. Meta-analysis was performed with a case-control cohort of 2847 individuals from North America. To confirm the specificity of the genetic associations with PsA, we tested the associated variation using a purely cutaneous psoriasis cohort (PsC, n=614) and a rheumatoid arthritis cohort (RA, n=1191). Using network and drug-repurposing analyses, we further investigated the potential of the PsA-specific associations to guide the development of new drugs in PsA. RESULTS: We identified a new PsA risk single-nucleotide polymorphism at B3GNT2 locus (p=1.10e-08). At the pathway level, we found 14 genetic pathways significantly associated with PsA (pFDR<0.05). From these, the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) metabolism pathway was confirmed to be disease-specific after comparing the PsA cohort with the cohorts of patients with PsC and RA. Finally, we identified candidate drug targets in the GAG metabolism pathway as well as new PsA indications for approved drugs. CONCLUSION: These findings provide insights into the biological mechanisms that are specific for PsA and could contribute to develop more effective therapies.

10.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 280, 2018 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact on mortality of primary respiratory disease in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) retrospective cohort. METHODS: All adult patients in the RELESSER-TRANS (Registry of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology [SER], cross-sectional phase) registry were retrospectively investigated for the presence of primary pleuropulmonary manifestations. RESULTS: In total 3215 patients were included. At least one pleuropulmonary manifestation was present in 31% of patients. The most common manifestation was pleural disease (21%), followed by lupus pneumonitis (3.6%), pulmonary thromboembolism (2.9%), primary pulmonary hypertension (2.4%), diffuse interstitial lung disease (2%), alveolar hemorrhage (0.8%), and shrinking lung syndrome (0.8%). In the multivariable analysis, the variables associated with the development of pleuropulmonary manifestation were older age at disease onset (odds ratio (OR) 1.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-1.04), higher SLEDAI (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index) scores (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.07), the presence of Raynaud's phenomenon (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.09-1.84), secondary antiphospholipid syndrome (OR 2.20, 95% CI 1.63-2.97), and the previous or concomitant occurrence of severe lupus nephritis, (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.12-1.95) neuropsychiatric manifestations (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.11-2.02), non-ischemic cardiac disease (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.90-4.15), vasculitis (OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.25-2.62), hematological manifestations (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.00-1.71), and gastrointestinal manifestations, excluding hepatitis (OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.14-3.66). Anti-RNP positivity had a clear tendency to significance (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.00-1.75; P = 0.054). The development of pleuropulmonary manifestations independently contributes to a diminished survival (hazard ratio of 3.13). However, not all complications will influence the prognosis in the same way. Whereas the occurrence of pleural disease or pulmonary thromboembolism has a minimal impact on the survival of these patients, the remaining manifestations have a major impact on mortality. CONCLUSION: Except for pleural disease, the remaining respiratory manifestations are very uncommon in SLE (<4%). Pleuropulmonary manifestations independently contributed to a decreased survival in these patients.

11.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30098882

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To draft recommendations on interleukin 6 (IL-6) blockade in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), based on best evidence and experience. METHODS: A group of 10 experts on IL-6 blockade in RA was selected. The 2 coordinators formulated 23 questions about IL-6 blockade (indications, efficacy, safety, etc.). A systematic review was conducted to answer the questions. Using this information, inclusion and exclusion criteria were established, as were the search strategies (Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched). Two different reviewers selected the articles. Evidence tables were created. At the same time, European League Against Rheumatism and American College of Rheumatology abstracts were evaluated. Based on this evidence, the coordinators proposed preliminary recommendations that the experts discussed and voted on in a nominal group meeting. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were established using the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine and the level of agreement with the Delphi technique (2 rounds). Agreement was established if at least 80% of the experts voted yes (yes/no). RESULTS: The 8 preliminary recommendations were accepted after the Delphi process. They covered aspects such as the use of these therapies in monotherapy, in combination, in patients with refractory disease or intolerant patients, response evaluation, optimization and risk management. CONCLUSIONS: The manuscript aims to solve frequently asked questions and aid in decision making strategies when treating RA patients with IL-6 blockade.

12.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 100, 2018 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29848360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a common systemic autoimmune disease with a complex genetic inheritance. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have significantly increased the number of significant loci associated with SLE risk. To date, however, established loci account for less than 30% of the disease heritability and additional risk variants have yet to be identified. Here we performed a GWAS followed by a meta-analysis to identify new genome-wide significant loci for SLE. METHODS: We genotyped a cohort of 907 patients with SLE (cases) and 1524 healthy controls from Spain and performed imputation using the 1000 Genomes reference data. We tested for association using logistic regression with correction for the principal components of variation. Meta-analysis of the association results was subsequently performed on 7,110,321 variants using genetic data from a large cohort of 4036 patients with SLE and 6959 controls of Northern European ancestry. Genetic association was also tested at the pathway level after removing the effect of known risk loci using PASCAL software. RESULTS: We identified five new loci associated with SLE at the genome-wide level of significance (p < 5 × 10- 8): GRB2, SMYD3, ST8SIA4, LAT2 and ARHGAP27. Pathway analysis revealed several biological processes significantly associated with SLE risk: B cell receptor signaling (p = 5.28 × 10- 6), CTLA4 co-stimulation during T cell activation (p = 3.06 × 10- 5), interleukin-4 signaling (p = 3.97 × 10- 5) and cell surface interactions at the vascular wall (p = 4.63 × 10- 5). CONCLUSIONS: Our results identify five novel loci for SLE susceptibility, and biologic pathways associated via multiple low-effect-size loci.

13.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(12): 2167-2182, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29808295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish feasible and practical recommendations for the management of the psychological needs of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from the moment of diagnosis through the course of the disease. METHODS: A nominal group meeting was held with an RA expert team including rheumatologists and psychologists, at which a guided discussion addressed the most important psychological and emotional needs in RA. Based on the comments collected, and a literature review, a matrix document of recommendations for telematics discussion was prepared, as well as a Delphi survey to test agreement with these recommendations. Agreement was defined if at least 80% of participants voted ≥ 7 (from 1, totally disagree to 10, totally agree). For each recommendation, the level of evidence and grading of recommendations was established following the Oxford criteria, and the degree of agreement through the Delphi. RESULTS: Thirteen recommendations were established, addressing several key processes: (1) identification of psychological problems and needs in patients with RA, and a guideline for their management in daily practice; (2) communication with patients; (3) referral criteria to mental health professionals. CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations are intended to help health care professionals openly address the psychological aspects of patients in daily practice to follow and treat them properly.

14.
PLoS One ; 12(10): e0185889, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28982122

RESUMO

Autoimmune diseases have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular events compared to the general population. The objective of this study was to investigate the genetic basis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in autoimmunity. We analyzed genome-wide genotyping data from 6,485 patients from six autoimmune diseases that are associated with a high socio-economic impact. First, for each disease, we tested the association of established CVD risk loci. Second, we analyzed the association of autoimmune disease susceptibility loci with CVD. Finally, to identify genetic patterns associated with CVD risk, we applied the cross-phenotype meta-analysis approach (CPMA) on the genome-wide data. A total of 17 established CVD risk loci were significantly associated with CVD in the autoimmune patient cohorts. From these, four loci were found to have significantly different genetic effects across autoimmune diseases. Six autoimmune susceptibility loci were also found to be associated with CVD risk. Genome-wide CPMA analysis identified 10 genetic clusters strongly associated with CVD risk across all autoimmune diseases. Two of these clusters are highly enriched in pathways previously associated with autoimmune disease etiology (TNFα and IFNγ cytokine pathways). The results of this study support the presence of specific genetic variation associated with the increase of CVD risk observed in autoimmunity.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Variação Genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
15.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28676287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical practice, establishing the optimized regimen and switching from intravenous (IV) to subcutaneous (SC) therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective observational study. We included 53 RA patients treated with TCZ. The main outcome was TCZ effectiveness at week 24. Secondary outcome variables included effectiveness at week 52, therapeutic maintenance, physical function and safety. The effectiveness of optimization and the switch from IV to SC was evaluated at 3 and 6 months. The efficacy was measured with the Disease Activity Score. Paired t-tests or Wilcoxon were used to evaluate effectiveness and survival time using Kaplan-Meier. RESULTS: The proportion of patients who achieved remission or low disease activity at weeks 24 and 52 was 75.5% and 87.3%, respectively. The mean retention time (95% confidence interval [95% CI] was 81.7 months [76.6-86.7]). Twenty-one of 53 patients (39.6%) optimized the TCZ dose and 35 patients switched from IV TCZ to SC, with no changes in effectiveness. The adverse event rate was 13.6 events/100 patient-years. CONCLUSIONS: Tocilizumab appears to be effective and safe in RA in clinical practice. The optimized regimen appears to be effective in most patients in remission, even when they change from IV to SC.

16.
J Rheumatol ; 44(10): 1453-1457, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28668810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a fibrotic immune-mediated disease of unknown etiology. Among its clinical manifestations, pulmonary involvement is the leading cause of mortality in patients with SSc. However, the genetic factors involved in lung complication are not well defined. We aimed to review the association of the MIF gene, which encodes a cytokine implicated in idiopathic pulmonary hypertension among other diseases, with the susceptibility and clinical expression of SSc, in addition to testing the association of this polymorphism with SSc-related pulmonary involvement. METHODS: A total of 4392 patients with SSc and 16,591 unaffected controls from 6 cohorts of European origin were genotyped for the MIF promoter variant rs755622. An inverse variance method was used to metaanalyze the data. RESULTS: A statistically significant increase of the MIF rs755622*C allele frequency compared with controls was observed in the subgroups of patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) and with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) independently (dcSSc: p = 3.20E-2, OR 1.13; PAH: p = 2.19E-02, OR 1.32). However, our data revealed a stronger effect size with the subset of patients with SSc showing both clinical manifestations (dcSSc with PAH: p = 6.91E-3, OR 2.05). CONCLUSION: We reviewed the association of the MIF rs755622*C allele with SSc and described a phenotype-specific association of this variant with the susceptibility to develop PAH in patients with dcSSc.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Hipertensão Pulmonar/genética , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/genética , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Esclerodermia Difusa/genética , Alelos , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/complicações
17.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28711461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). METHODS: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. CONCLUSIONS: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal.

18.
Rheumatol Int ; 37(10): 1709-1718, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28631046

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to evaluate adherence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients to biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs), identify potential risk factors, and analyze the discriminative ability of the Morisky-Green test (MGT) to detect bDMARD nonadherence. One hundred and seventy-eight adult RA patients treated with bDMARDs were included. Adherence was measured using the medication possession ratio (MPR) of the previous 6 months. An MPR >80% was considered good adherence. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and MGT scores were assessed through a standardized clinical interview at the cross-sectional date. One-hundred and twelve patients (63%) were taking subcutaneous bDMARDs, while 66 (37%) were taking intravenous drugs. One-hundred fifty-eight (88.8%) showed good adherence to bDMARDs, while 79 (61.2%) also correctly took concomitant conventional synthetic DMARDs (csDMARDs). In logistic regression models, nonadherence to bDMARDs was associated with higher disease activity [odds ratio (OR) 1.45; 95% CI, 1.03-2.03; p = 0.032] and subcutaneous route (OR 3.70; 95% CI 1.02-13.48; p = 0.040). MGT accurately identified an MPR >80% of bDMARDs in 76.9% of the patients. A sensitivity of 78%, specificity of 70%, positive predictive value of 95.3%, negative predictive value of 28.5%, positive likelihood ratio (LR) of 2.6, and negative LR of 0.3% were obtained. Adherence may be good for bDMARDs but is low for csDMARDs. Low adherence for bDMARDs is associated with poorer disease control during the past 6 months and use of subcutaneous route. These findings should alert doctors to consider possible low adherence before declaring treatment failure.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Adesão à Medicação , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 19(1): 138, 2017 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28619073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a genetically complex rheumatic disease characterized by heterogeneous clinical manifestations of unknown etiology. Recent studies have suggested the existence of a genetic basis for SLE heterogeneity. The objective of the present study was to identify new genetic variation associated with the clinically relevant phenotypes in SLE. METHODS: A two-stage pathway-based approach was used to identify the genetic variation associated with the main clinical phenotypes in SLE. In the discovery stage, 482 SLE patients were genotyped using Illumina Human Quad610 microarrays. Association between 798 reference genetic pathways from the Molecular Signatures Database and 11 SLE phenotypes was tested using the set-based method implemented in PLINK software. Pathways significantly associated after multiple test correction were subsequently tested for replication in an independent cohort of 425 SLE patients. Using an in silico approach, we analyzed the functional effects of common SLE therapies on the replicated genetic pathways. The association of known SLE risk variants with the development of the clinical phenotypes was also analyzed. RESULTS: In the discovery stage, we found a significant association between the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway and oral ulceration (P value for false discovery rate (P FDR) < 0.05), and between the negative regulation signaling pathway of retinoic acid inducible gene-I/melanoma differentiation associated gene 5 and the production of antinuclear antibodies (P FDR < 0.05). In the replication stage, we validated the association between the VEGF pathway and oral ulceration. Therapies commonly used to treat mucocutaneous phenotypes in SLE were found to strongly influence VEGF pathway gene expression (P = 4.60e-4 to 5.38e-14). Analysis of known SLE risk loci identified a strong association between PTPN22 and the risk of hematologic disorder and with the development of antinuclear antibodies. CONCLUSIONS: The present study has identified VEGF genetic pathway association with the risk of oral ulceration in SLE. New therapies targeting the VEGF pathway could be more effective in reducing the severity of this phenotype. These findings represent a first step towards the understanding of the genetic basis of phenotype heterogeneity in SLE.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Úlceras Orais/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Masculino , Fenótipo
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(26): e7308, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28658137

RESUMO

To analyze in several immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) the influence of demographic and clinical-related variables on the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and compare their standardized prevalences.Cross-sectional study, including consecutive patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Crohn disease, or ulcerative colitis, from rheumatology, gastroenterology, and dermatology tertiary care outpatient clinics located throughout Spain, between 2007 and 2010. Our main outcome was defined as previous diagnosis of angina, myocardial infarction, peripheral vascular disease, and/or stroke. Bivariate and multivariate logistic and mixed-effects logistic regression models were performed for each condition and the overall cohort, respectively. Standardized prevalences (in subjects per 100 patients, with 95% confidence intervals) were calculated using marginal analysis.We included 9951 patients. For each IMID, traditional cardiovascular risk factors had a different contribution to CVD. Overall, older age, longer disease duration, presence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, and male sex were independently associated with a higher CVD prevalence. After adjusting for demographic and traditional cardiovascular risk factors, systemic lupus erythematosus exhibited the highest CVD standardized prevalence, followed by rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, Crohn disease, psoriatic arthritis, and ulcerative colitis (4.5 [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.2, 6.8], 1.3 [95% CI: 0.8, 1.8], 0.9 [95% CI: 0.5, 1.2], 0.8 [95% CI: 0.2, 1.3], 0.6 [95% CI: 0.2, 1.0], and 0.5 [95% CI: 0.1, 0.8], respectively).Systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriasis are associated with higher prevalence of CVD compared with other IMIDs. Specific prevention programs should be established in subjects affected with these conditions to prevent CVD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/complicações , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Centros de Atenção Terciária
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